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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637340/an-analysis-of-the-use-of-multichannel-microelectrode-recording-during-deep-brain-stimulation-surgeries-at-a-single-center
#1
Steven Falowski, James Dierkes
BACKGROUND: Microelectrode recording (MER) can be used to map out the target nucleus and identify ideal lead placement. OBJECTIVE: To assess the use of multichannel MER to increase the efficiency of lead placement without compromising patient safety. METHODS: Analysis of a single center's technique for utilizing multichannel MER with 3 consistent anterior-to-posterior simultaneous passes that include an evaluation of the location of final lead placement, patient diagnosis, target nuclei, and additional work involved for refinement of targeting...
June 14, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637311/whole-woman-s-health-v-hellerstedt-the-empirical-case-against-trap-laws
#2
Michele Goodwin
This commentary examines the US Supreme Court case Whole Woman's Health v Hellerstedt.1 This comment synthesizes the case, focusing primarily on its legislative and appellate history as well as the Supreme Court's analysis. The comment finds that while Whole Woman's Health represented a judicial victory for those who seek to safeguard and preserve abortion rights, it nevertheless further rooted the primacy of the Supreme Court's flawed framework in Planned Parenthood v Casey2, which rests on perpetuating the notion of abortion as a threat against women's physical and mental health...
June 13, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637285/a-qualitative-study-of-the-impact-of-endometriosis-on-male-partners
#3
L Culley, C Law, N Hudson, H Mitchell, E Denny, N Raine-Fenning
STUDY QUESTION: What is the impact of endometrioses on male partners of women with the condition? SUMMARY ANSWER: Endometriosis significantly impacts men across several life domains and can negatively impact emotional well-being. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Endometriosis has been shown to negatively impact women's quality of life and may strain intimate relationships. Little is known about the impact on male partners. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: The ENDOPART study was a cross-sectional, qualitative study of 22 women with endometriosis and their male partners (n = 44) in the UK (2012-2013)...
June 15, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637139/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-persian-version-of-coop-wonca-charts-in-persian-speaking-iranians-with-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Morteza Taghipour, Mahyar Salavati, Seyed Massood Nabavi, Behnam Akhbari, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Hossein Negahban, Fatemeh Rajabzadeh
PURPOSE: Translation, cross-culturally adaptation and validation of a Persian version of COOP/WONCA charts in Persian-speaking Iranians with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHOD: The Persian version of COOP/WONCA charts was developed after a standard forward translation, synthesis and backward translation. A total of 197 subjects with MS participated in this study. They were asked to complete the COOP/WONCA charts and Short-Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36). The COOP/WONCA charts were re-administered to 50 patients, 4 weeks after the first session...
February 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637130/community-integration-and-life-satisfaction-among-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-living-in-the-community-after-receiving-institutional-care-in-bangladesh
#5
Nayeema Ahmed, Mohammad Morshedul Quadir, Mohammad Akhlasur Rahman, Hasanat Alamgir
PURPOSE: This study reports level of community integration and life satisfaction among individuals who sustained traumatic spinal cord injuries, received institutional rehabilitation care services, and went back to live in the community in Bangladesh. It examines the impact of type of injury, demographic characteristics, socio-economic profile, and secondary health conditions on community integration and life satisfaction and explores the association between these two measures. METHOD: Individuals with spinal cord injury were telephone interviewed by the Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed, Bangladesh from February to June of 2014...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636895/neurocognitive-characteristics-of-youth-with-noncomorbid-and-comorbid-forms-of-conduct-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#6
Andrea L Glenn, Rheanna J Remmel, Min Yee Ong, Nikki S J Lim, Rebecca P Ang, A Hunter Threadgill, Nicole Ryerson, Adrian Raine, Daniel Fung, Yoon Phaik Ooi
OBJECTIVE: Studies investigating neurocognitive deficits in youth with conduct disorder (CD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are often confounded by the high rates of comorbidity between the two. METHOD: Neurocognitive functioning was examined in three diagnostic groups (ADHD only, CD only, comorbid ADHD and CD) matched by age, sex, IQ, and medication status (n=28-32 per group). RESULTS: No significant differences emerged between the diagnostic groups on measures of risk-taking or response inhibition...
June 8, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636745/a-practical-framework-for-encouraging-and-supporting-positive-behaviour-change-in-diabetes
#7
REVIEW
L Fisher, W H Polonsky, D Hessler, M B Potter
A wide range of diabetes-directed interventions - including novel medications, devices and comprehensive education programmes - have been shown to be effective in clinical trials. But in the real world of diabetes care their efficacy is often dependent upon on how well a clinician is able to support personal engagement and motivation of the person with diabetes to use these new tools and knowledge consistently, and as directed . Although many person-centred motivational and behavioural strategies have been developed, for example, action planning, motivational interviewing and empowerment-based communication, the sheer number and apparent lack of clear differences among them have led to considerable confusion...
June 21, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636658/efficacy-and-safety-of-ultrasound-guided-implantation-of-fiducial-markers-in-the-liver-for-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy
#8
So Hyun Park, Hyung Jin Won, So Yeon Kim, Yong Moon Shin, Pyo Nyun Kim, Sang Min Yoon, Jin-Hong Park, Jong Hoon Kim
OBJECTIVE: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for the treatment of a malignancy in the liver requires the perilesional implantation of fiducial markers for lesion detection. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ultrasound (US) -guided marker implantation for SBRT. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 299, US-guided, intrahepatic fiducial markers implanted in 101 patients between November 2013 and September 2014. SBRT-planning CT images were analyzed to determine the technical success of the implantation, the mean distance between the tumor margin and the marker, with the ideal location of fiducials defined as the distance between a marker and a tumor less than 3 cm and the distance between markers greater than 2 cm according to the tumor conspicuity seen on gray-scale US and the artifact obscuring tumor margins...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636649/factors-associated-with-successful-transition-among-children-with-disabilities-in-eight-european-countries
#9
John Ravenscroft, Kerri Wazny, John M Davis
INTRODUCTION: This research paper aims to assess factors reported by parents associated with the successful transition of children with complex additional support requirements that have undergone a transition between school environments from 8 European Union member states. METHODS: Quantitative data were collected from 306 parents within education systems from 8 EU member states (Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Ireland, the Netherlands, Romania, Spain and the UK). The data were derived from an online questionnaire and consisted of 41 questions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636617/backup-development-and-evaluation-of-a-smart-phone-application-for-coping-with-suicidal-crises
#10
Kirsten Pauwels, Saskia Aerts, Ekke Muijzers, Eva De Jaegere, Kees van Heeringen, Gwendolyn Portzky
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health issue and has large impact on the lives of many people. Innovative technologies such as smartphones could create new possibilities for suicide prevention, such as helping to overcome the barriers and stigma on help seeking in case of suicidal ideation. Due to their omnipresence, smartphone apps can offer suicide prevention tools very fast, they are easily-accessible, low-threshold and can help overcome some of the help-seeking barriers suicidal people experience...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636600/hidden-morphological-diversity-among-early-tetrapods
#11
Jason D Pardo, Matt Szostakiwskyj, Per E Ahlberg, Jason S Anderson
Phylogenetic analysis of early tetrapod evolution has resulted in a consensus across diverse data sets in which the tetrapod stem group is a relatively homogenous collection of medium- to large-sized animals showing a progressive loss of 'fish' characters as they become increasingly terrestrial, whereas the crown group demonstrates marked morphological diversity and disparity. The oldest fossil attributed to the tetrapod crown group is the highly specialized aïstopod Lethiscus stocki, which shows a small size, extreme axial elongation, loss of limbs, spool-shaped vertebral centra, and a skull with reduced centres of ossification, in common with an otherwise disparate group of small animals known as lepospondyls...
June 21, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636530/gamma-analysis-with-a-gamma-criterion-of-2-1-mm-for-stereotactic-ablative-radiotherapy-delivered-with-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-technique-a-single-institution-experience
#12
Jung-In Kim, Minsoo Chun, Hong-Gyun Wu, Eui Kyu Chie, Hak Jae Kim, Jin Ho Kim, Jong Min Park
To report a single-institution experience of gamma evaluations with 2%/1 mm for stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) delivered with volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) technique, from January 2014 to January 2016. A total of 168 SABR VMAT plans were analyzed with a gamma criterion of 2%/1 mm, a threshold value of 10%, and a tolerance level of 90%. Of the 168 cases, four cases failed with 2%/1 mm. The average passing rate was 97.0% ± 2.5%. Three of the four failed cases showed passing rates higher than 90%, which was achieved by shifting the measuring device by 1 mm in the left-to-right or anterior-to-posterior directions...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636480/the-emerging-role-of-pimavanserin-in-the-management-of-parkinson-s-disease-psychosis
#13
Neal Hermanowicz, Gustavo Alva, Fernando Pagan, Alberto J Espay, Amita Patel, Katya Cruz Madrid, Daniel Kremens, Jim Kenney, Sheila Arquette, Gary Tereso, Maria Lopes, Carolyn Farnum
A panel of experts drawn from neurology, psychiatry, geropsychiatry, geriatrics, and pharmacy representatives of 3 health plans convened in New York City on July 30, 2016, with the objective of sharing opinions, ideas, and information regarding the optimal management of Parkinson's disease psychosis (PDP). Three key points emerged from the discussion: (1) Because of the nature of Parkinson's disease and PDP, finding appropriate treatment can prove challenging; (2) emerging therapies may present an opportunity for effective disease management; and (3) moving forward, provider and patient education regarding PDP and available treatment options is essential for well-managed symptoms and better quality of life...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636479/decrements-in-knee-extensor-and-flexor-strength-are-associated-with-performance-fatigue-during-simulated-basketball-game-play-in-adolescent-male-players
#14
Aaron T Scanlan, Jordan L Fox, Nattai R Borges, Anne Delextrat, Tania Spiteri, Vincent J Dalbo, Robert Stanton, Crystal O Kean
This study quantified lower-limb strength decrements and assessed the relationships between strength decrements and performance fatigue during simulated basketball. Ten adolescent, male basketball players completed a circuit-based, basketball simulation. Sprint and jump performance were assessed during each circuit, with knee flexion and extension peak concentric torques measured at baseline, half-time, and full-time. Decrement scores were calculated for all measures. Mean knee flexor strength decrement was significantly (P < 0...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636448/ebola-virus-training-a-needs-assessment-and-gap-analysis
#15
Kevin Yeskey, Joseph Hughes, Betsy Galluzzo, Nina Jaitly, James Remington, Deborah Weinstock, Joy Lee Pearson, Jonathan D Rosen
In response to the 2014 Ebola virus disease outbreak, the Worker Training Program embarked on an assessment of existing training for those at risk for exposure to the virus. Searches of the recent peer-reviewed literature were conducted for descriptions of relevant training. Federal guidance issued during 2015 was also reviewed. Four stakeholder meetings were conducted with representatives from health care, academia, private industry, and public health to discuss issues associated with ongoing training. Our results revealed few articles about training that provided sufficient detail to serve as models...
May 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636432/young-men-masculinities-and-suicide
#16
Mette Lyberg Rasmussen, Hanne Haavind, Gudrun Dieserud
OBJECTIVE: Young men constitute one of the highest risk groups for suicide in most countries. This gives reason to explore how meanings attached to masculinity can be evoked and handled when a young man takes his life. METHOD: In-depth interviews with five to eight informants for each of ten suicides, as well as suicide notes, were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. RESULTS: The suicides appeared as signature acts of compensatory masculinity with the following themes: When hope is gone, no one must know; weakness was never allowed; and suicide conducted in a way to present oneself as heroic...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636234/association-of-recent-gay-related-stressful-events-and-emotional-distress-with-suicidal-behaviors-over-12%C3%A2-months-in-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#17
Liya Yu, Yanxia Li, Li Liu, Shuang Li, Jun Na, Xiaoxia An, Yan Zhou, Yuan Gu, Xuejuan Bi, Huijuan Mu, Rui Zhang, Wen Dong, Guowei Pan
INTRODUCTION: The study was designed to assess the association of gay-related stressful events (GRSEs) and emotional distress with suicidal behaviors over a 12-month period in Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: A total of 807 MSM were recruited using a respondent-driven sampling method from 4 cities in northeastern China. The GRSEs were measured using the Gay-related Stressful Life Events Scale, depression using the Self-rating Depression Scale, and anxiety using the Self-rating Anxiety Scale...
June 21, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636070/development-of-a-population-based-microsimulation-model-of-body-mass-index
#18
Deirdre Hennessy, Rochelle Garner, William M Flanagan Ron Wall And Claude Nadeau M Flanagan, Ron Wall, Claude Nadeau
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity has necessitated the development of body mass index (BMI) projection models such as the POpulation HEalth Model (POHEM). This study describes the POHEM-BMI model, a microsimulation tool that can be used to support evidence-based health policy making for obesity reduction. DATA AND METHODS: The National Population Health Survey, the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), and the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) were used to develop and validate a predictive model of BMI for adults and childhood BMI history...
June 21, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636060/developing-mobile-clinical-decision-support-for-nursing-home-staff-assessment-of-urinary-tract-infection-using-goal-directed-design
#19
Wallace Jones, Cynthia Drake, David Mack, Blaine Reeder, Barbara Trautner, Heidi Wald
BACKGROUND: Unique characteristics of nursing homes (NHs) contribute to high rates of inappropriate antibiotic use for asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB), a benign condition. A mobile clinical decision support system (CDSS) may support NH staff in differentiating urinary tract infections (UTI) from ASB and reducing antibiotic days. OBJECTIVES: We used Goal-Directed Design to: 1) Characterize information needs for UTI identification and management in NHs; 2) Develop UTI Decide, a mobile CDSS prototype informed by personas and scenarios of use constructed from Aim 1 findings; 3) Evaluate the UTI Decide prototype with NH staff...
June 20, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636053/evidence-of-bad-recycling-practices-bfrs-in-children-s-toys-and-food-contact-articles
#20
A Guzzonato, F Puype, S J Harrad
Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) have been used intentionally in a wide range of plastics, but are now found in an even wider range of such materials (including children's toys and food contact articles) as a result of recycling practices that mix BFR-containing waste plastics with "virgin" materials. In this study Br was quantified in toy and food contact samples on the assumption that its concentration can be used as a metric for BFR contamination. Subsequently, compound specific determination of BFRs was performed to evaluate the validity of the aforementioned assumption, crucial to render rapid, inexpensive, in situ Br determination in non-laboratory environments (such as waste handling facilities) a viable option for sorting wastes according to their BFR content...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
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