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Brief motivational interviewing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223950/the-motiv-heart-study-a-prospective-randomized-single-blind-pilot-study-of-brief-strategic-therapy-and-motivational-interviewing-among-cardiac-rehabilitation-patients
#1
Giada Pietrabissa, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Alessandro Rossi, Gianluca Castelnuovo
Background: Psychological distress, biomedical parameters, and unhealthy lifestyles contribute to a poorer prognosis for cardiac disease. Public health's challenge is to motivate patients to utilize self-care. Objective: This prospective, randomized, single-blind pilot study aimed at testing the incremental efficacy of Brief Strategic Therapy (BST) combined with Motivational Interviewing (MI) in improving selected biomedical and psychological outcomes over and beyond those of the stand-alone BST in a residential Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) program...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216065/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-telephone-based-smoking-cessation-intervention-in-the-lung-cancer-screening-setting-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Kathryn L Taylor, Charlotte J Hagerman, George Luta, Paula G Bellini, Cassandra Stanton, David B Abrams, Jenna A Kramer, Eric Anderson, Shawn Regis, Andrea McKee, Brady McKee, Ray Niaura, Harry Harper, Michael Ramsaier
: Incorporating effective smoking cessation interventions into lung cancer screening (LCS) programs will be essential to realizing the full benefit of screening. We conducted a pilot randomized trial to determine the feasibility and efficacy of a telephone-counseling (TC) smoking cessation intervention vs. usual care (UC) in the LCS setting. In collaboration with 3 geographically diverse LCS programs, we enrolled current smokers (61.5% participation rate) who were: registered to undergo LCS, 50-77 years old, and had a 20+ pack-year smoking history...
February 14, 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195010/efficacy-of-a-universal-smoking-cessation-intervention-initiated-in-inpatient-psychiatry-and-continued-post-discharge-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Alexandra P Metse, John Wiggers, Paula Wye, Luke Wolfenden, Megan Freund, Richard Clancy, Emily Stockings, Margarett Terry, John Allan, Kim Colyvas, Judith J Prochaska, Jenny A Bowman
OBJECTIVE: Interventions are required to redress the disproportionate tobacco-related health burden experienced by persons with a mental illness. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a universal smoking cessation intervention initiated within an acute psychiatric inpatient setting and continued post-discharge in reducing smoking prevalence and increasing quitting behaviours. METHOD: A randomised controlled trial was undertaken across four psychiatric inpatient facilities in Australia...
February 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183399/efficacy-of-a-randomized-controlled-self-regulation-based-physical-activity-intervention-for-chronic-fatigue-mediation-effects-of-physical-activity-progress-and-self-regulation-skills
#4
M M Marques, V de Gucht, I Leal, S Maes
OBJECTIVE: Examine the medium-term effects of a brief physical activity (PA) self-regulation (SR) based intervention (4-STEPS program) for chronic fatigue, and explore the mediating effects of PA related variables and SR skills. METHODS: A two-arm randomized controlled trial (Usual Care vs 4-STEPS) was carried out. The 4-STEPS program consisted of Motivational Interviewing and SR-skills training. Fatigue severity (primary outcome) and impact, PA, health-related quality of life (HrQoL), and somatic and psychological distress were assessed at baseline, post-treatment (12weeks) and 12months follow-up...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173897/exclusive-breast-feeding-promotion-among-hiv-infected-women-in-south-africa-an-information-motivation-behavioural-skills-model-based-pilot-intervention
#5
Emily L Tuthill, Lisa M Butler, Jennifer A Pellowski, Jacqueline M McGrath, Regina M Cusson, Robert K Gable, Jeffrey D Fisher
OBJECTIVE: Exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) provides optimal nutrition for infants and mothers. The practice of EBF while adhering to antiretroviral medication decreases the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV from approximately 25 % to less than 5 %. Thus the WHO recommends EBF for the first 6 months among HIV-infected women living in resource-limited settings; however, EBF rates remain low. In the present study our aim was to design and implement a pilot intervention promoting EBF among HIV-infected women...
February 8, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132704/reducing-non-injection-drug-use-in-hiv-primary-care-a-randomized-trial-of-brief-motivational-interviewing-with-and-without-healthcall-a-technology-based-enhancement
#6
Efrat Aharonovich, Aaron Sarvet, Malki Stohl, Don DesJarlais, Susan Tross, Teresa Hurst, Antonio Urbina, Deborah Hasin
AIMS: In HIV-infected individuals, non-injection drug use (NIDU) compromises many health outcomes. In HIV primary care, the efficacy of brief motivational interviewing (MI) to reduce NIDU is unknown, and drug users may need greater intervention. We designed an enhancement to MI, HealthCall (HC), for daily patient self-monitoring calls to an interactive voice response (IVR) phone system, and provided participants with periodic personalized feedback. To reduce NIDU among HIV primary care patients, we compared the efficacy of MI+HealthCall to MI-only and an educational control condition...
March 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129756/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol-of-an-adapted-intervention-for-alcohol-use-disorders-in-people-living-with-hiv-and-aids-impact-on-alcohol-use-general-functional-ability-quality-of-life-and-adherence-to-haart
#7
Munyaradzi Madhombiro, Bazondlile Dube-Marimbe, Michelle Dube, Dixon Chibanda, Moleen Zunza, Simbarashe Rusakaniko, David Stewart, Soraya Seedat
BACKGROUND: Interventions for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in HIV infected individuals have been primarily targeted at HIV risk reduction and improved antiretroviral treatment adherence. However, reduction in alcohol use is an important goal. Alcohol use affects other key factors that may influence treatment course and outcome. In this study the authors aim to administer an adapted intervention for AUDs to reduce alcohol use in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). METHODS: This study is a cluster randomised controlled trial at 16 HIV care clinics...
January 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127808/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-brief-interventions-to-reduce-drug-use-among-adults-in-a-low-income-urban-emergency-department-the-healthier-you-study
#8
Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton, Amy S B Bohnert, Rosalinda V Ignacio, Stephen Chermack, Rebecca M Cunningham, Brenda M Booth, Mark Ilgen, Kristen L Barry
AIMS: To examine efficacy of drug brief interventions (BIs) among adults presenting to a low income urban emergency department (ED). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial on drug use outcomes at 3-, 6-, and 12-months. Participants were assigned to 1) computer-delivered BI (Computer BI), 2) therapist-delivered, computer-guided BI (Therapist BI), or 3) enhanced usual care (EUC-ED) for drug-using adults. Participants were re-randomized after the 3-month assessment to either adapted motivational enhancement therapy (AMET) booster; or enhanced usual care booster (EUC-B)...
January 26, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122657/challenges-and-opportunities-to-engaging-emergency-medical-service-providers-in-substance-use-research-a-qualitative-study
#9
Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Julie C Fields, Junette McWilliams, Amy R Knowlton
: Introduction Research suggests Emergency Medical Services (EMS) over-use in urban cities is partly due to substance users with limited access to medical/social services. Recent efforts to deliver brief, motivational messages to encourage these individuals to enter treatment have not considered EMS providers. Problem Little research has been done with EMS providers who serve substance-using patients. The EMS providers were interviewed about participating in a pilot program where they would be trained to screen their patients for substance abuse and encourage them to enter drug treatment...
January 26, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116579/extending-smoking-abstinence-after-release-from-smoke-free-prisons-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Cheneal Puljević, Stuart A Kinner, Dominique de Andrade
BACKGROUND: A smoking ban was implemented across all prisons in Queensland, Australia, in May 2014, with the aim of improving the health of prisoners and prison staff. However, relapse to smoking after release from prison is common. Only one previous study, conducted in the United States, has used a randomised design to evaluate an intervention to assist individuals in remaining abstinent from smoking following release from a smoke-free prison. METHODS: This paper describes the rationale for and design of a randomised controlled trial of an intervention to extend smoking abstinence in men after release from smoke-free prisons in the state of Queensland, Australia...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106920/self-admission-to-inpatient-treatment-for-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-the-patient-s-perspective
#11
Mattias Strand, Cynthia M Bulik, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin, Sanna A Gustafsson
The aim of the present study was to explore patients' experiences of participating in a self-admission program at a specialist eating disorders clinic. Sixteen adult program participants with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa were interviewed at 6 months about their experiences in the self-admission program. A qualitative content analysis approach was applied to identify recurring themes. Four themes were identified: Agency and Flexibility, Functions, Barriers, and Applicability. Participants used self-admission to boost healthy behaviors, to prevent deterioration, to forestall the need for longer periods of hospitalizations, and to get a break from overwhelming demands...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081044/evaluation-of-the-condom-barriers-scale-for-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-reliability-and-validity-of-3-subscales
#12
Richard A Crosby, Stephanie A Sanders, Cynthia A Graham, Robin Milhausen, William L Yarber, Leandro Mena
BACKGROUND: Reliable and valid scale measures of barriers to condom use are not available for young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Condom Barriers Scales for application with YBMSM. METHODS: A clinic-based sample of 600 YBMSM completed a computer-assisted self-interview. The primary measure was a 14-item abbreviated version of the Condom Barriers Scale. Reliability and criterion validity were assessed. RESULTS: All 3 subscales were reliable: partner-related barriers (Cronbach α=0...
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052706/research-brief
#13
Erin Schoenfelder, Connor McCabe, Aurora Fife, Lisa Herzig, Kym Ahrens
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents with ADHD are at risk of functional problems that may be mitigated by consistent ADHD treatment. This study pilots a brief intervention for adolescents with ADHD and their parents to increase treatment knowledge and family motivation to seek treatment. METHOD: The 3-hr curriculum was developed by a multidisciplinary team and included psychoeducation, goal setting, and motivational interviewing. Fifteen adolescents and 20 caregivers participated in the workshop, completed pre- and post-test assessments, and reported on acceptability...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017179/does-mental-status-impact-therapist-and-patient-communication-in-emergency-department-brief-interventions-addressing-alcohol-use
#14
Brian Borsari, Timothy R Apodaca, Ali Yurasek, Peter M Monti
Motivational interviewing (MI) is often incorporated into screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) interventions in critical care settings to address alcohol and other drug use. However, cognitive status has been linked to differential response to MI sessions in emergency department (ED) settings. The current study examined one possible explanation for this differential response: whether higher versus lower mental status impacts patient response to clinician statements during MI sessions conducted in an ED...
February 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965869/feasibility-and-acceptance-of-exercise-recommendations-10-000-steps-a-day-within-routine-german-health-check-check-up-35-go%C3%A3-29-study-protocol
#15
Christine Graf, Stefanie Schlepper, Carina Bauer, Nina Ferrari, Stefan Frank, Lena Gartner, Svenja Gehring, Rudolf Henke, Walter Lehmacher, Hans-Michael Steffen, Sabine Schindler-Marlow, Katharina Sternal
BACKGROUND: Benefits of exercise to prevent non-communicable diseases are well-documented. Limited data exists to promote physical activity in healthy but sedentary and/or overweight people. Brief interventions within routine German health checks may be an effective way to reach these patients. METHODS/DESIGN: The quasi-experimental, multi-center prospective feasibility study is designed for general practices in Cologne (intervention group) and Düsseldorf (control group), up to 20 per region...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964858/eat-well-keep-active-qualitative-findings-from-a-feasibility-and-acceptability-study-of-a-brief-midwife-led-intervention-to-facilitate-healthful-dietary-and-physical-activity-behaviours-in-pregnant-women
#16
Lucie Warren, Jaynie Rance, Billie Hunter
BACKGROUND: overweight and obesity in the pregnant population is increasing and this is a public health concern. Many women have difficulty in following the recommendation to maintain a healthy diet and to keep active, indeed some identify pregnancy as the start of their concern with being overweight. OBJECTIVE: to assess the feasibility and acceptability of the 'Eat Well Keep Active' intervention programme designed to promote healthy eating and physical activity in pregnant women...
December 5, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915235/effect-of-screening-and-advising-on-alcohol-habits-in-sweden-a-repeated-population-survey-following-nationwide-implementation-of-screening-and-brief-intervention
#17
Andreas Lundin, Anna-Karin Danielsson, Mats Hallgren, Margareta Torgén
AIMS: To examine: (a) to what extent individuals in contact with heath care had been asked and advised on their alcohol habits; (b) how self-reports of alcohol consumption and patient characteristics affected the probability of being asked and advised on alcohol consumption; (c) the potential effect of alcohol advice on readiness and ability to change, across levels of high alcohol consumption. METHODS: A repeated cross-sectional public health postal questionnaire in Uppsala County among 18-84 year old, covering a period of a national programme encouraging alcohol screening, brief interventions and motivational interviewing (2004-2012)...
December 3, 2016: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909084/sustained-benefits-of-exercise-based-motivational-interviewing-but-only-among-nonusers-of-opioids-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#18
Sunghye Kim, James E Slaven, Dennis C Ang
OBJECTIVE: Given the known side effects of opioids and their potential effects on cognition, we sought to evaluate the benefits of motivational interviewing (MI) to promote physical activity on 2 subsets of participants with fibromyalgia (FM): nonusers and users of opioids. METHODS: This was a secondary data analysis of a 36-week randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy of MI to promote physical activity among participants with FM. Participants were randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms: 6 phone-based MI sessions (n = 107) or 6 sessions of FM self-management instructions [attention control (AC), n = 109]...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906041/implementation-of-the-better-2-program-a-qualitative-study-exploring-barriers-and-facilitators-of-a-novel-way-to-improve-chronic-disease-prevention-and-screening-in-primary-care
#19
Nicolette Sopcak, Carolina Aguilar, Mary Ann O'Brien, Candace Nykiforuk, Kris Aubrey-Bassler, Richard Cullen, Eva Grunfeld, Donna Patricia Manca
BACKGROUND: BETTER (Building on Existing Tools to Improve Chronic Disease Prevention and Screening in Primary Care) is a patient-based intervention to improve chronic disease prevention and screening (CDPS) for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and associated lifestyle factors in patients aged 40 to 65. The key component of BETTER is a prevention practitioner (PP), a health care professional with specialized skills in CDPS who meets with patients to develop a personalized prevention prescription, using the BETTER toolkit and Brief Action Planning...
December 1, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900649/brief-report-a-randomized-control-trial-assessing-the-influence-of-a-telephone-based-intervention-on-readmissions-for-patients-with-severe-mental-illness-in-a-developing-country
#20
U A Botha, L Koen, M Mazinu, E Jordaan, D J H Niehaus
Whilst comprehensive post-discharge interventions have been successful in reducing readmissions in our setting, they are possibly not sustainable due to limited resources. We assessed the impact of a more cost-effective telephone-based intervention on readmissions in a developing country over 12 months. 100 patients with severe mental illness were randomized to facilitated care or treatment as usual. All were interviewed prior to discharge and after 12 months. Facilitated care consisted of structured telephonic interviews and motivational support to patients and families...
November 30, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
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