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Brief motivational interviewing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930060/understanding-mechanisms-of-change-for-brief-alcohol-interventions-among-youth-examination-of-within-session-interactions
#1
Maureen A Walton, Quyen M Ngo, Stephen T Chermack, Frederic C Blow, Peter F Ehrlich, Erin E Bonar, Rebecca M Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol brief interventions (BIs) for youth are efficacious, but effect sizes found have been modest. This article presents secondary data analyses from a randomized controlled trial of motivational interviewing-based (MI) alcohol BIs among youth in an emergency department, examining within-session predictors of alcohol outcomes at 3 months among those receiving BIs. METHOD: Risky drinkers (ages 14-20) received either a computer BI (n = 277) or therapist BI (n = 278)...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920542/brief-manual-based-single-session-motivational-interviewing-for-reducing-high-risk-sexual-behaviour-in-women-an-evaluation
#2
Jens Boman, Helena Lindqvist, Lars Forsberg, Urban Janlert, Gabriel Granåsen, Elisabet Nylander
The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate brief Motivational Interviewing (MI) to facilitate behaviour change in women at high risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs). One hundred and seventy-three women (mean age 24.7) at high risk of contracting STIs were randomized to a brief risk-reducing MI counselling intervention (n = 74) or assigned to the control group (n = 99). MI skill was assessed using the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity (MITI) Coding System...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885428/a-brief-prenatal-intervention-of-behavioral-change-to-reduce-the-risk-of-maternal-cytomegalovirus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Brenna L Hughes, Kim M Gans, Christina Raker, Evelyn R Hipolito, Dwight J Rouse
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effects of a brief prenatal behavioral intervention on risk behaviors for maternal cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. METHODS: Women were screened with CMV serology during prenatal care before 20 weeks of gestation and followed for at least 10 weeks. Women without serologic evidence of primary CMV infection were approached. Participants were apprised of serostatus and then randomized 2:1 to either a brief behavioral intervention during their prenatal care visit or to standard care (a brochure)...
September 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870419/healthy-body-healthy-mind-a-mixed-methods-study-of-outcomes-barriers-and-supports-for-exercise-by-people-who-have-chronic-moderate-to-severe-acquired-brain-injury
#4
Laura S Lorenz, Ann L Charrette, Therese M O'Neil-Pirozzi, Julia M Doucett, Jeffrey Fong
BACKGROUND: Few people with chronic moderate-to-severe brain injury are following recommended physical activity guidelines. OBJECTIVE: Investigate effects of planned, systematic physical activity while cultivating social and emotional well-being of people with chronic moderate-to-severe brain injury. HYPOTHESIS: Moderate-to-intensive physical activity would be associated with improvements in impairment and activity limitation measures (endurance, mobility, gait speed) immediately post-intervention and six weeks later (study week 12)...
August 24, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869749/perspectives-of-female-medical-faculty-in-ethiopia-on-a-leadership-fellowship-program
#5
Elizabeth Kvach, Bethlehem Yesehak, Hiwot Abebaw, James Conniff, Heidi Busse, Cynthia Haq
Objectives: This study aims to evaluate a leadership fellowship program through perspectives of Ethiopian women medical faculty participants. Methods: An intensive two-week leadership development fellowship was designed for women faculty from Ethiopian medical schools and conducted from 2011-2015 at the University of Wisconsin-School of Medicine and Public Health in Madison, Wisconsin. Nine Ethiopian women working in early- or mid-level academic positions were selected...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845167/validation-of-the-korean-version-of-the-clinical-assessment-interview-for-negative-symptoms
#6
Seon-Kyeong Jang, Seon-Cheol Park, Kee-Hong Choi, Jung-Seo Yi, Joong-Kyu Park, Jung Suk Lee, Seung-Hwan Lee
OBJECTIVE: Clinical Assessment Interview for Negative Symptoms (CAINS) has recently been developed to improve measurement of negative symptoms in schizophrenia. We performed a multi-center study to validate the Korean version of the CAINS (CAINS-K) and explore potential cultural variation. METHODS: One hundred eighty schizophrenia patients diverse in demographic and illness profile were recruited from four centers in Korea. Along with the CAINS-K, the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS), a self-report measure of behavioral inhibition and activation (BIS/BAS) and neurocognitive tasks were administered to verify external validities...
July 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841809/twelve-tips-for-teaching-brief-motivational-interviewing-to-medical-students
#7
Elizabeth J Edwards, Amy J Bannatyne, Ashley C Stark
BACKGROUND: Shifting from paternalistic to patient-centred doctor-patient relationships has seen a growing number of medical programs incorporate brief motivational interviewing training in their curriculum. Some medical educators, however, are unsure of precisely what, when, and how to incorporate such training. AIMS: This article provides educators with 12 tips for teaching brief motivational interviewing to medical students, premised on evidence-based pedagogy...
August 25, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836375/a-brief-motivational-interviewing-as-an-adjunct-to-periodontal-therapy-a-potential-tool-to-reduce-relapse-in-oral-hygiene-behaviours-a-three-year-study
#8
J Stenman, J L Wennström, K H Abrahamsson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate (ii) whether inclusion of a single motivational interviewing (MI) session, as an adjunct to periodontal therapy, might be beneficial for preventing relapse in oral hygiene behaviours among patients treated for chronic periodontitis and (ii) whether individual and clinical characteristics can be of predictive value for retention of sufficient oral hygiene behaviours. MATERIAL & METHODS: This 3-year follow-up of a previously reported randomized controlled trial (RCT) study of 6-month duration included 26 patients...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819922/therapeutic-alliance-client-need-for-approval-and-perfectionism-as-differential-moderators-of-response-to-ehealth-and-traditionally-delivered-treatments-for-comorbid-depression-and-substance-use-problems
#9
Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Amanda L Baker, Kerrin Palazzi, Terry J Lewin, Brian J Kelly
PURPOSE: This study sought to undertake an exploratory analysis of the impact of therapeutic alliance and dysfunctional attitudes (perfectionism and need for approval) on outcomes for participants receiving therapist-delivered and eHealth interventions for comorbid depression and alcohol/cannabis use problems. These factors have been shown in previous research to moderate response to psychological treatment for depression and related disorders. METHOD: Participants (N = 274) with concurrent depression and alcohol/cannabis misuse were randomized to 10 sessions of therapist-delivered cognitive behavior therapy/motivational interviewing (CBT/MI), computer-delivered CBT/MI with brief therapist assistance (SHADE CBT/MI), or supportive counseling (PCT)...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800182/development-and-preliminary-pilot-evaluation-of-a-brief-tablet-computer-intervention-to-motivate-tobacco-quitline-use-among-smokers-in-substance-use-treatment
#10
Richard A Brown, Jacki Hecht, Erika L Bloom, Haruka Minami, Christopher W Kahler, Ana M Abrantes, Mary E Dubreuil, Alan Gordon, Lawrence H Price, Steven J Ondersma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The majority of individuals in substance use disorder (SUD) treatment also smoke cigarettes; yet, the availability of smoking cessation services in SUD treatment remains limited. In this study, we developed and piloted a brief intervention for smokers in SUD treatment intended to motivate engagement in tobacco quitline treatment (TIME-TQ). METHODS: First, we interviewed 19 smokers in SUD treatment to inform the development of TIME-TQ (Phase 1)...
August 11, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776105/improving-help-seeking-for-postnatal-depression-and-anxiety-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-motivational-interviewing
#11
Charlene Holt, Jeannette Milgrom, Alan W Gemmill
Low uptake of treatment by women with symptoms of postnatal depression and anxiety is consistently reported. This study examined whether a brief motivational interviewing (MI) intervention delivered by Maternal and Child Health Nurses (MCHNs) during routine emotional health assessments improves help-seeking following childbirth. In this parallel two-group cluster randomised controlled trial, MCHNs delivered a MI intervention ('PRIMER', n = 20) or Routine Care (n = 20) at women's (n = 541) postnatal consultations...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764783/preferences-and-motivation-for-weight-loss-among-knee-replacement-patients-implications-for-a-patient-centered-weight-loss-intervention
#12
Christine A Pellegrini, Gwendolyn Ledford, Sara A Hoffman, Rowland W Chang, Kenzie A Cameron
BACKGROUND: Most knee replacement patients are overweight/obese, yet are commonly excluded from evidence-based weight loss programs due to mobility limitations and barriers faced around the time of surgery. The purpose of this study was to identify knee replacement patient preferences for weight loss programs and qualitatively understand previous motives for weight loss attempts as well as strategies used to facilitate behavior changes. METHODS: Patients who were either scheduled to have knee replacement or had one recently completed within the last 3 months were recruited to participate...
August 1, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755774/effectiveness-of-a-computerized-motivational-intervention-on-treatment-initiation-and-substance-use-results-from-a-randomized-trial
#13
Jennifer Lerch, Scott T Walters, Liansheng Tang, Faye S Taxman
As many as 80% of the nearly five million adults under community supervision (i.e., probation, parole) are substance involved; however, treatment utilization is low. Using a multi-site randomized controlled trial, we tested the efficacy of in-person motivational interviewing (MI), a motivational computer intervention (MAPIT), or standard probation intake (SAU) to encourage treatment initiation among 316 substance-involved probationers in Dallas, Texas and Baltimore City, Maryland. Ninety-three percent (n=295) of participants completed the 2-month follow-up and 90% (n=285) completed the 6-month follow-up...
September 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754067/using-virtual-patient-simulations-to-prepare-primary-health-care-professionals-to-conduct-substance-use-and-mental-health-screening-and-brief-intervention
#14
Glenn Albright, Craig Bryan, Cyrille Adam, Jeremiah McMillan, Kristen Shockley
BACKGROUND: Primary health care professionals are in an excellent position to identify, screen, and conduct brief interventions for patients with mental health and substance use disorders. However, discomfort in initiating conversations about behavioral health, time concerns, lack of knowledge about screening tools, and treatment resources are barriers. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the impact of an online simulation where users practice role-playing with emotionally responsive virtual patients to learn motivational interviewing strategies to better manage screening, brief interventions, and referral conversations...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726525/working-memory-capacity-and-addiction-treatment-outcomes-in-adolescents
#15
Jon M Houck, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing
BACKGROUND: Brief addiction treatments including motivational interviewing (MI) have shown promise with adolescents, but the factors that influence treatment efficacy in this population remain unknown. One candidate is working memory, the ability to hold a fact or thought in mind. This is relevant, as in therapy, a client must maintain and manipulate ideas while working with a clinician. Working memory depends upon brain structures and functions that change markedly during neurodevelopment and that can be negatively impacted by substance use...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704115/trends-of-youth-marijuana-treatment-admissions-increasing-admissions-contrasted-with-decreasing-drug-involvement
#16
Miesha Marzell, Ethan Sahker, Stephan Arndt
BACKGROUND: Recent changes in marijuana policies and their potential negative effects on youth development are a public health concern. Identifying the most appropriate treatment approaches for problematic marijuana use is important. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to track marijuana use among young people by examining national changes from 1995 to 2012 in the demographics, referral sources, and the substance use patterns related to youth admissions to substance abuse treatment programs...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687533/mobile-health-technology-using-a-wearable-sensorband-for-female-college-students-with-problem-drinking-an-acceptability-and-feasibility-study
#17
Noelle Regina Leonard, Michelle Silverman, Dawa Phuti Sherpa, Madeline A Naegle, Hyorim Kim, Donna L Coffman, Marcy Ferdschneider
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of mobile app interventions have been developed for problem drinking among college students; however, few studies have examined the integration of a mobile app with continuous physiological monitoring and alerting of affective states related to drinking behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of Mind the Moment (MtM), a theoretically based intervention for female college students with problem drinking that combines brief, in-person counseling with ecological momentary intervention (EMI) on a mobile app integrated with a wearable sensorband...
July 7, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649188/using-video-conferencing-to-deliver-a-brief-motivational-intervention-for-alcohol-and-sex-risk-to-emergency-department-patients-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-study
#18
Mark A Celio, Nadine R Mastroleo, Graham DiGuiseppi, Nancy P Barnett, Suzanne M Colby, Christopher W Kahler, Don Operario, Brian Suffoletto, Peter M Monti
Brief motivational intervention (MI) is an efficacious approach to reduce heavy drinking and associated sexual risk behavior among Emergency Department (ED) patients, but the intensity of demands placed on ED staff makes the implementation of in-person MIs logistically challenging. This proof-of-concept pilot study examined the acceptability and logistic feasibility of using video-conferencing technology to deliver an MI targeting heavy drinking and risky sexual behavior to patients in an ED setting. Rigorous screening procedures were employed to ensure that the pilot sample represents the target portion of ED patients who would benefit from this multi-target MI...
2017: Addiction Research & Theory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645292/implementation-of-tobacco-cessation-brief-intervention-in-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-practice-qualitative-evaluation
#19
Emery R Eaves, Amy Howerter, Mark Nichter, Lysbeth Floden, Judith S Gordon, Cheryl Ritenbaugh, Myra L Muramoto
BACKGROUND: This article presents findings from qualitative interviews conducted as part of a research study that trained Acupuncture, Massage, and Chiropractic practitioners' in Arizona, US, to implement evidence-based tobacco cessation brief interventions (BI) in their routine practice. The qualitative phase of the overall study aimed to assess: the impact of tailored training in evidence-based tobacco cessation BI on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practitioners' knowledge and willingness to implement BIs in their routine practice; and their patients' responses to cessation intervention in CAM context...
June 23, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619692/a-randomized-trial-of-motivational-interviewing-and-facilitated-contraceptive-access-to-prevent-rapid-repeat-pregnancy-among-adolescent-mothers
#20
Jack Stevens, Robyn Lutz, Ngozi Osuagwu, Dana Rotz, Brian Goesling
BACKGROUND: Most interventions designed to reduce teen pregnancy rates have not focused on pregnant and/or parenting adolescents. Therefore, a large randomized controlled trial was conducted regarding a motivational interviewing program entitled Teen Options to Prevent Pregnancy in a low-income sample of adolescent mothers. This program recommended monthly sessions between a participant and a registered nurse over 18 months. This program also featured facilitated birth control access through transportation assistance and a part-time contraceptive clinic...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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