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Brief motivational interviewing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915235/effect-of-screening-and-advising-on-alcohol-habits-in-sweden-a-repeated-population-survey-following-nationwide-implementation-of-screening-and-brief-intervention
#1
Andreas Lundin, Anna-Karin Danielsson, Mats Hallgren, Margareta Torgén
AIMS: To examine: (a) to what extent individuals in contact with heath care had been asked and advised on their alcohol habits; (b) how self-reports of alcohol consumption and patient characteristics affected the probability of being asked and advised on alcohol consumption; (c) the potential effect of alcohol advice on readiness and ability to change, across levels of high alcohol consumption. METHODS: A repeated cross-sectional public health postal questionnaire in Uppsala County among 18-84 year old, covering a period of a national programme encouraging alcohol screening, brief interventions and motivational interviewing (2004-2012)...
December 3, 2016: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909084/sustained-benefits-of-exercise-based-motivational-interviewing-but-only-among-nonusers-of-opioids-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#2
Sunghye Kim, James E Slaven, Dennis C Ang
OBJECTIVE: Given the known side effects of opioids and their potential effects on cognition, we sought to evaluate the benefits of motivational interviewing (MI) to promote physical activity on 2 subsets of participants with fibromyalgia (FM): nonusers and users of opioids. METHODS: This was a secondary data analysis of a 36-week randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy of MI to promote physical activity among participants with FM. Participants were randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms: 6 phone-based MI sessions (n = 107) or 6 sessions of FM self-management instructions [attention control (AC), n = 109]...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906041/implementation-of-the-better-2-program-a-qualitative-study-exploring-barriers-and-facilitators-of-a-novel-way-to-improve-chronic-disease-prevention-and-screening-in-primary-care
#3
Nicolette Sopcak, Carolina Aguilar, Mary Ann O'Brien, Candace Nykiforuk, Kris Aubrey-Bassler, Richard Cullen, Eva Grunfeld, Donna Patricia Manca
BACKGROUND: BETTER (Building on Existing Tools to Improve Chronic Disease Prevention and Screening in Primary Care) is a patient-based intervention to improve chronic disease prevention and screening (CDPS) for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and associated lifestyle factors in patients aged 40 to 65. The key component of BETTER is a prevention practitioner (PP), a health care professional with specialized skills in CDPS who meets with patients to develop a personalized prevention prescription, using the BETTER toolkit and Brief Action Planning...
December 1, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900649/brief-report-a-randomized-control-trial-assessing-the-influence-of-a-telephone-based-intervention-on-readmissions-for-patients-with-severe-mental-illness-in-a-developing-country
#4
U A Botha, L Koen, M Mazinu, E Jordaan, D J H Niehaus
Whilst comprehensive post-discharge interventions have been successful in reducing readmissions in our setting, they are possibly not sustainable due to limited resources. We assessed the impact of a more cost-effective telephone-based intervention on readmissions in a developing country over 12 months. 100 patients with severe mental illness were randomized to facilitated care or treatment as usual. All were interviewed prior to discharge and after 12 months. Facilitated care consisted of structured telephonic interviews and motivational support to patients and families...
November 30, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898304/motivational-processes-from-expectancy-value-theory-are-associated-with-variability-in-the-error-positivity-in-young-children
#5
Matthew H Kim, Loren M Marulis, Jennie K Grammer, Frederick J Morrison, William J Gehring
Motivational beliefs and values influence how children approach challenging activities. The current study explored motivational processes from an expectancy-value theory framework by studying children's mistakes and their responses to them by focusing on two event-related potential (ERP) components: the error-related negativity (ERN) and the error positivity (Pe). Motivation was assessed using a child-friendly challenge puzzle task and a brief interview measure prior to ERP testing. Data from 50 4- to 6-year-old children revealed that greater perceived competence beliefs were related to a larger Pe, whereas stronger intrinsic task value beliefs were associated with a smaller Pe...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896294/a-qualitative-assessment-of-return-to-sport-after-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement
#6
Vehniah K Tjong, Charles J Cogan, Brett D Riederman, Michael A Terry
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is known to produce excellent outcomes, yet some patients do not return to their preinjury level of sport participation. Much literature on return to sport has revolved around anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and even shoulder instability, but none to date have used qualitative, semistructured patient interviews on patients with hip labral tears. PURPOSE: To understand the factors influencing the decision to return to sport after arthroscopic hip surgery for FAI...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895602/motivational-and-behavioral-activation-as-an-adjunct-to-psychiatric-rehabilitation-for-mild-to-moderate-negative-symptoms-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-study
#7
Kee-Hong Choi, Eunju Jaekal, Ga-Young Lee
Few psychosocial approaches address the negative symptoms of schizophrenia, which shares common features with depression and anxiety. Behavioral activation (BA) is effective for addressing depression and anxiety in adults with various mental disorders. Motivational interviewing (MI) has been successfully applied to address ambivalence or lack of motivation toward treatment. Motivational and behavioral activation (mBA) has been developed by incorporating the core principles from BA and MI with recent findings on the negative symptoms of schizophrenia...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886657/receipt-of-addiction-treatment-as-a-consequence-of-a-brief-intervention-for-drug-use-in-primary-care-a-randomized-trial
#8
Theresa W Kim, Judith Bernstein, Debbie M Cheng, Christine Lloyd-Travaglini, Jeffrey H Samet, Tibor P Palfai, Richard Saitz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Screening, brief intervention and 'referral to treatment' programs have been widely promoted as US federal policy. Little is known about the efficacy of the RT component (referral to treatment) of brief intervention for motivating patients with unhealthy drug use identified by screening to use addiction treatment. This study aimed to compare receipt of addiction treatment following two types of brief intervention for drug use vs a no-intervention control group among primary care patients screening positive for drug use...
November 25, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882790/using-health-psychology-to-help-patients-promoting-healthy-choices
#9
Elizabeth Barley, Victoria Lawson
This article describes behaviour change techniques that nurses can use to help individual patients to make and stick to healthy choices. These include helping patients to set goals that are specific, measureable, achievable, relevant and timely (SMART), promoting self-monitoring and providing feedback and motivational interviewing. The process for delivering these techniques is described and the evidence for them discussed. Simply providing brief advice and follow up can lead to behaviour change, even in people who have not expressed a desire to change...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856209/qualitative-evaluation-of-perceptions-of-smoking-cessation-among-clients-at-an-alcohol-and-other-drug-treatment-program
#10
Jennifer Bhuiyan, Lauren Jonkman, Sharon Connor, Vincent Giannetti
BACKGROUND: Smoking is highly prevalent in the substance use population and trials of smoking cessation among patients actively receiving treatment for substance use disorder have yielded modest quit rates. However, smoking cessation is not routinely provided due to the ungrounded belief it will interfere with recovery from the primary substance use problem. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this qualitative study was to determine the perceptions of smoking cessation in a substance use population...
November 3, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842533/a-qualitative-study-of-user-perceptions-of-mobile-health-apps
#11
Wei Peng, Shaheen Kanthawala, Shupei Yuan, Syed Ali Hussain
BACKGROUND: Mobile apps for health exist in large numbers today, but oftentimes, consumers do not continue to use them after a brief period of initial usage, are averse toward using them at all, or are unaware that such apps even exist. The purpose of our study was to examine and qualitatively determine the design and content elements of health apps that facilitate or impede usage from the users' perceptive. METHODS: In 2014, six focus groups and five individual interviews were conducted in the Midwest region of the U...
November 14, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809831/tailoring-a-brief-intervention-for-illicit-drug-use-and-alcohol-use-in-irish-methadone-maintained-opiate-dependent-patients-a-qualitative-process
#12
Catherine Darker, Brion Sweeney, Eamon Keenan, Lucy Whiston, Rolande Anderson, Joe Barry
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommend the tailoring of a brief intervention (BI) programme of research to ensure that it is both culturally and contextually appropriate for the country and the environment in which it is being tested. The majority of BI research has been conducted with non-opioid dependent participants. The current study developed a tailored BI for illicit drug use and alcohol use to a methadone maintained opioid dependent polydrug using cohort of patients...
November 3, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805982/pilot-study-of-an-exercise-intervention-for-depressive-symptoms-and-associated-cognitive-behavioral-factors-in-young-adults-with-major-depression
#13
Yasmina Nasstasia, Amanda L Baker, Sean A Halpin, Terry J Lewin, Leanne Hides, Brian J Kelly, Robin Callister
This study assesses the feasibility of integrating motivational interviewing (MI) with an exercise intervention. It also explores patterns of depressive symptom changes (cognitive, affective, and somatic subscales) and their relationship to cognitive, behavioral, and immunological factors (interleukin 6, IL-6, a marker for inflammation) across the exercise intervention. Twelve young adults (20.8 ± 1.7 years) meeting DSM-IV criteria for major depressive disorder received a brief MI intervention followed by a 12-week exercise intervention...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776789/preferences-and-needs-of-patients-with-a-rheumatic-disease-regarding-the-structure-and-content-of-online-self-management-support
#14
Judy W Ammerlaan, Harmieke van Os-Medendorp, Nienke de Boer-Nijhof, Bertha Maat, Lieske Scholtus, Aike A Kruize, Johannes W J Bijlsma, Rinie Geenen
OBJECTIVE: Aim of this study was to investigate preferences and needs regarding the structure and content of a person-centered online self-management support intervention for patients with a rheumatic disease. METHODS: A four step procedure, consisting of online focus group interviews, consensus meetings with patient representatives, card sorting task and hierarchical cluster analysis was used to identify the preferences and needs. RESULTS: Preferences concerning the structure involved 1) suitability to individual needs and questions, 2) fit to the life stage 3) creating the opportunity to share experiences, be in contact with others, 4) have an expert patient as trainer, 5) allow for doing the training at one's own pace and 6) offer a brief intervention...
October 13, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761518/pilot-and-feasibility-test-of-a-mobile-health-supported-behavioral-counseling-intervention-for-weight-management-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#15
Lisa M Quintiliani, Devin M Mann, Marissa Puputti, Emily Quinn, Deborah J Bowen
BACKGROUND: Health behavior and weight management interventions for cancer survivors have the potential to prevent future cancer recurrence and improve long-term health; however, their translation can be limited if the intervention is complex and involves high participant burden. Mobile health (mHealth) offers a delivery modality to integrate interventions into daily life routines. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a one-group trial with a pre-post evaluation design on engagement (use and acceptability), physiological (weight), behavioral (diet and physical activity), and other secondary outcomes...
January 2016: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695604/-i-need-to-hear-from-women-who-have-been-there-developing-a-woman-focused-intervention-for-drug-use-and-partner-violence-in-the-emergency-department
#16
Esther Choo, K Morrow Guthrie, Michael Mello, Terrie F Wetle, Megan Ranney, Chantal Tapé, Caron Zlotnick
OBJECTIVE: Addressing violence and linking women to community services in parallel with drug change goals is critical for women with coexisting intimate partner violence (IPV) and substance use disorders (SUD). Our objective was to develop a Web-based intervention to address violence and drug use among women patients in the ED. METHODS: The intervention was developed in a five-step process: 1) Initial intervention development based on selected theoretical frameworks; 2) In-depth interviews with the target population; 3) Intervention adaptation, with iterative feedback from further interviews; 4) Beta testing and review by an advisory committee of domestic violence advocates; 5) Acceptability and feasibility testing in a small open trial...
April 2016: Partner Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692348/-follow-up-interventions-after-suicide-attempt-what-tools-what-effects-and-how-to-assess-them
#17
E Castaigne, P Hardy, F Mouaffak
After attempting suicide, 60 to 70% of patients are discharged from emergency departments and referred to outpatient treatment which entails psychosocial strategies, pharmacological strategies or a combination. The main objective of outpatient care consists in preventing recurrent suicidal behavior. Yet suicide attempters have been found to be very difficult to engage in treatment. Between 11% and 50% of attempters refuse outpatient treatment or drop out of outpatient therapy very quickly. In order to address this extremely serious issue, for the past 20 years monitoring or follow up interventions has been presented as a promising approach...
September 27, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684111/improving-prevention-curricula-lessons-learned-through-formative-research-on-the-youth-message-development-curriculum
#18
Kathryn Greene, Danielle Catona, Elvira Elek, Kate Magsamen-Conrad, Smita C Banerjee, Michael L Hecht
This article describes formative research (a pilot study, interviews, and focus groups) conducted as part of a feasibility test of 2 versions (Analysis vs. Planning) of a brief media literacy intervention titled Youth Message Development (YMD). The intervention targets high school student alcohol use with activities to understand persuasion strategies, increase counter-arguing, and then apply these new skills to ad analysis or a more engaging ad poster planning activity. Based on the theory of active involvement (Greene, 2013), the Planning curriculum is proposed to be more effective than the Analysis curriculum...
October 2016: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681374/hospital-preferences-of-nursing-students-in-korea-a-discrete-choice-experiment-approach
#19
Bo-Hyun Park, YuKyung Ko
BACKGROUND: DCE was applied to investigate nursing students' preferred hospital choice criteria and to investigate the trends in the trade-offs by calculating the marginal rate of substitution between these criteria. This study identified the properties of the hospitals primarily selected by nursing students, and aims to estimate the monetary value of each attribute. METHODS: Based on discussions and in-depth interviews with nursing students' focus groups and a literature review, we created a discrete choice experiment (DCE) that assessed how students' stated preference for a certain hospital choice was influenced by various job attributes: higher salary, location, hospital type, salary per year, provision of a dormitory, etc...
September 29, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676946/promoting-physical-activity-what-do-we-have-available-to-motivate-our-patients
#20
Mathieu Saubade, Christos Karatzios, Cyril Besson, Anne-Charlotte Farasse, Benaim Charles, Gérald Gremion
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 42% of Europeans never practice physical activity (PA) or sports and 40% spend more than 5:30 per day in a sitting position. The objective of this literature review is to identify the necessary means to promote PA and tools available for physicians to advise and prescribe a suitable AP. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Electronic database research using Medline, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. RESULTS: Prescription of PA in the medical office is more and more encouraged...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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