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Brief motivational interviewing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340904/a-group-based-motivational-interviewing-brief-intervention-to-reduce-substance-use-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-homeless-young-adults
#1
Joan S Tucker, Elizabeth J D'Amico, Brett A Ewing, Jeremy N V Miles, Eric R Pedersen
Homeless young adults ages 18-25 exhibit high rates of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use, and sexual risk behaviors such as unprotected sex. Yet few programs exist for this population that are both effective and can be easily incorporated into settings serving this population. This pilot cluster cross-over randomized controlled trial evaluates AWARE, a voluntary four session group-based motivational interviewing (MI) intervention to reduce AOD use and sexual risk behavior. We evaluated AWARE with 200 homeless young adults using drop-in center services in Los Angeles County (mean age=21...
May 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320916/a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-alcohol-brief-interventions-for-the-uk-military-personnel-moving-back-to-civilian-life
#2
REVIEW
Sarah Wigham, A Bauer, S Robalino, J Ferguson, A Burke, D Newbury-Birch
BACKGROUND: Higher levels of alcohol consumption have been observed in the UK armed forces compared with the general population. For some, this may increase the risk of using alcohol as a coping strategy when adjusting to multiple life events occurring when moving back into civilian life. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted to determine the effectiveness of alcohol brief interventions for military personnel during transition. Electronic databases including Medline, Central, Healthcare Management Information Consortium (HMIC) and Embase, and grey literature, were searched...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315545/oral-anticancer-agents-an-intervention-to-promote-medication-adherence-and-symptom-management%C3%A2
#3
Sandra L Spoelstra, Alla Sikorskii, Atreyee Majumder, Peggy S Burhenn, Monica Schueller, Barbara Given
Symptom burden and poor adherence to oral anticancer agents remain significant clinical problems. This study examined feasibility, preliminary efficacy, and satisfaction with ADHERE, a nurse practitioner intervention that promotes symptom management and adherence among patients prescribed oral agents. The intervention group (which received one semistructured, face-to-face session followed by three weekly telephone sessions using motivational interviewing, brief cognitive-behavioral therapy, and a toolkit to promote self-management) had significantly lower symptom severity postintervention...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287800/how-does-brief-motivational-intervention-change-heavy-drinking-and-harm-among-underage-young-adult-drinkers
#4
Molly Magill, Suzanne M Colby, Lindsay Orchowski, James G Murphy, Ariel Hoadley, Linda A Brazil, Nancy P Barnett
OBJECTIVE: This study tested mediating processes hypothesized to explain the therapeutic benefit of an efficacious motivational interview (MI). The constructs of interest were motivation to change, cognitive dissonance about current drinking, self-efficacy for change, perceived young adult drinking norms, future drinking intentions, and the use of protective behavioral strategies. METHOD: A randomized controlled trial compared the efficacy of a brief MI to a time- and attention-matched control of meditation and relaxation training for alcohol use...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272119/obesity-moderates-the-effects-of-motivational-interviewing-treatment-outcomes-in-fibromyalgia
#5
Anthony S Kaleth, James E Slaven, Dennis C Ang
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a common comorbid condition among patients with fibromyalgia (FM). Our objective was to assess if obesity moderates the treatment benefits of exercise-based motivational interviewing (MI) for FM. METHODS: This is a secondary data analysis of a completed clinical trial of 198 FM patients who were randomized to receive either MI or attention control (AC). Using body mass index (BMI) to divide participants into obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m) and non-obese (BMI <30 kg m) groups, mixed linear models were used to determine interaction between treatment arms and obesity status with regards to the primary outcome of global FM symptom severity (Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire, FIQ)...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270194/factors-associated-with-alcohol-reduction-in-harmful-and-hazardous-drinkers-following-alcohol-brief-intervention-in-scotland-a-qualitative-enquiry
#6
Jean M McQueen, Claire Ballinger, Tracey E Howe
BACKGROUND: Alcohol Brief Intervention (ABI) uses a motivational counselling approach to support individuals to reduce excessive alcohol consumption. There is growing evidence on ABI's use within various health care settings, although how they work and which components enhance success is largely unknown. This paper reports on the qualitative part of a mixed methods study. It explores enablers and barriers associated with alcohol reduction following an ABI. It focuses on alcohol's place within participants' lives and their personal perspectives on reducing consumption...
March 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259827/pedestrian-driver-communication-and-decision-strategies-at-marked-crossings
#7
Matus Sucha, Daniel Dostal, Ralf Risser
The aim of this work is to describe pedestrian-driver encounters, communication, and decision strategies at marked but unsignalised crossings in urban areas in the Czech Republic and the ways in which the parties involved experience and handle these encounters. A mixed-methods design was used, consisting of focus groups with pedestrians and drivers regarding their subjective views of the situations, on-site observations, camera recordings, speed measurements, the measurement of car and pedestrian densities, and brief on-site interviews with pedestrians...
March 2, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223950/the-motiv-heart-study-a-prospective-randomized-single-blind-pilot-study-of-brief-strategic-therapy-and-motivational-interviewing-among-cardiac-rehabilitation-patients
#8
Giada Pietrabissa, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Alessandro Rossi, Gianluca Castelnuovo
Background: Psychological distress, biomedical parameters, and unhealthy lifestyles contribute to a poorer prognosis for cardiac disease. Public health's challenge is to motivate patients to utilize self-care. Objective: This prospective, randomized, single-blind pilot study aimed at testing the incremental efficacy of Brief Strategic Therapy (BST) combined with Motivational Interviewing (MI) in improving selected biomedical and psychological outcomes over and beyond those of the stand-alone BST in a residential Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) program...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216065/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-telephone-based-smoking-cessation-intervention-in-the-lung-cancer-screening-setting-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Kathryn L Taylor, Charlotte J Hagerman, George Luta, Paula G Bellini, Cassandra Stanton, David B Abrams, Jenna A Kramer, Eric Anderson, Shawn Regis, Andrea McKee, Brady McKee, Ray Niaura, Harry Harper, Michael Ramsaier
Incorporating effective smoking cessation interventions into lung cancer screening (LCS) programs will be essential to realizing the full benefit of screening. We conducted a pilot randomized trial to determine the feasibility and efficacy of a telephone-counseling (TC) smoking cessation intervention vs. usual care (UC) in the LCS setting. In collaboration with 3 geographically diverse LCS programs, we enrolled current smokers (61.5% participation rate) who were: registered to undergo LCS, 50-77 years old, and had a 20+ pack-year smoking history...
February 14, 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195010/efficacy-of-a-universal-smoking-cessation-intervention-initiated-in-inpatient-psychiatry-and-continued-post-discharge-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Alexandra P Metse, John Wiggers, Paula Wye, Luke Wolfenden, Megan Freund, Richard Clancy, Emily Stockings, Margarett Terry, John Allan, Kim Colyvas, Judith J Prochaska, Jenny A Bowman
OBJECTIVE: Interventions are required to redress the disproportionate tobacco-related health burden experienced by persons with a mental illness. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a universal smoking cessation intervention initiated within an acute psychiatric inpatient setting and continued post-discharge in reducing smoking prevalence and increasing quitting behaviours. METHOD: A randomised controlled trial was undertaken across four psychiatric inpatient facilities in Australia...
February 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183399/efficacy-of-a-randomized-controlled-self-regulation-based-physical-activity-intervention-for-chronic-fatigue-mediation-effects-of-physical-activity-progress-and-self-regulation-skills
#11
M M Marques, V de Gucht, I Leal, S Maes
OBJECTIVE: Examine the medium-term effects of a brief physical activity (PA) self-regulation (SR) based intervention (4-STEPS program) for chronic fatigue, and explore the mediating effects of PA related variables and SR skills. METHODS: A two-arm randomized controlled trial (Usual Care vs 4-STEPS) was carried out. The 4-STEPS program consisted of Motivational Interviewing and SR-skills training. Fatigue severity (primary outcome) and impact, PA, health-related quality of life (HrQoL), and somatic and psychological distress were assessed at baseline, post-treatment (12weeks) and 12months follow-up...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173897/exclusive-breast-feeding-promotion-among-hiv-infected-women-in-south-africa-an-information-motivation-behavioural-skills-model-based-pilot-intervention
#12
Emily L Tuthill, Lisa M Butler, Jennifer A Pellowski, Jacqueline M McGrath, Regina M Cusson, Robert K Gable, Jeffrey D Fisher
OBJECTIVE: Exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) provides optimal nutrition for infants and mothers. The practice of EBF while adhering to antiretroviral medication decreases the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV from approximately 25 % to less than 5 %. Thus the WHO recommends EBF for the first 6 months among HIV-infected women living in resource-limited settings; however, EBF rates remain low. In the present study our aim was to design and implement a pilot intervention promoting EBF among HIV-infected women...
February 8, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132704/reducing-non-injection-drug-use-in-hiv-primary-care-a-randomized-trial-of-brief-motivational-interviewing-with-and-without-healthcall-a-technology-based-enhancement
#13
Efrat Aharonovich, Aaron Sarvet, Malki Stohl, Don DesJarlais, Susan Tross, Teresa Hurst, Antonio Urbina, Deborah Hasin
AIMS: In HIV-infected individuals, non-injection drug use (NIDU) compromises many health outcomes. In HIV primary care, the efficacy of brief motivational interviewing (MI) to reduce NIDU is unknown, and drug users may need greater intervention. We designed an enhancement to MI, HealthCall (HC), for daily patient self-monitoring calls to an interactive voice response (IVR) phone system, and provided participants with periodic personalized feedback. To reduce NIDU among HIV primary care patients, we compared the efficacy of MI+HealthCall to MI-only and an educational control condition...
March 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129756/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol-of-an-adapted-intervention-for-alcohol-use-disorders-in-people-living-with-hiv-and-aids-impact-on-alcohol-use-general-functional-ability-quality-of-life-and-adherence-to-haart
#14
Munyaradzi Madhombiro, Bazondlile Dube-Marimbe, Michelle Dube, Dixon Chibanda, Moleen Zunza, Simbarashe Rusakaniko, David Stewart, Soraya Seedat
BACKGROUND: Interventions for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in HIV infected individuals have been primarily targeted at HIV risk reduction and improved antiretroviral treatment adherence. However, reduction in alcohol use is an important goal. Alcohol use affects other key factors that may influence treatment course and outcome. In this study the authors aim to administer an adapted intervention for AUDs to reduce alcohol use in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). METHODS: This study is a cluster randomised controlled trial at 16 HIV care clinics...
January 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127808/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-brief-interventions-to-reduce-drug-use-among-adults-in-a-low-income-urban-emergency-department-the-healthier-you-study
#15
Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton, Amy S B Bohnert, Rosalinda V Ignacio, Stephen Chermack, Rebecca M Cunningham, Brenda M Booth, Mark Ilgen, Kristen L Barry
AIMS: To examine efficacy of drug brief interventions (BIs) among adults presenting to a low income urban emergency department (ED). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial on drug use outcomes at 3-, 6-, and 12-months. Participants were assigned to 1) computer-delivered BI (Computer BI), 2) therapist-delivered, computer-guided BI (Therapist BI), or 3) enhanced usual care (EUC-ED) for drug-using adults. Participants were re-randomized after the 3-month assessment to either adapted motivational enhancement therapy (AMET) booster; or enhanced usual care booster (EUC-B)...
January 26, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122657/challenges-and-opportunities-to-engaging-emergency-medical-service-providers-in-substance-use-research-a-qualitative-study
#16
Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Julie C Fields, Junette McWilliams, Amy R Knowlton
Introduction Research suggests Emergency Medical Services (EMS) over-use in urban cities is partly due to substance users with limited access to medical/social services. Recent efforts to deliver brief, motivational messages to encourage these individuals to enter treatment have not considered EMS providers. Problem Little research has been done with EMS providers who serve substance-using patients. The EMS providers were interviewed about participating in a pilot program where they would be trained to screen their patients for substance abuse and encourage them to enter drug treatment...
January 26, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116579/extending-smoking-abstinence-after-release-from-smoke-free-prisons-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Cheneal Puljević, Stuart A Kinner, Dominique de Andrade
BACKGROUND: A smoking ban was implemented across all prisons in Queensland, Australia, in May 2014, with the aim of improving the health of prisoners and prison staff. However, relapse to smoking after release from prison is common. Only one previous study, conducted in the United States, has used a randomised design to evaluate an intervention to assist individuals in remaining abstinent from smoking following release from a smoke-free prison. METHODS: This paper describes the rationale for and design of a randomised controlled trial of an intervention to extend smoking abstinence in men after release from smoke-free prisons in the state of Queensland, Australia...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106920/self-admission-to-inpatient-treatment-for-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-the-patient-s-perspective
#18
Mattias Strand, Cynthia M Bulik, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin, Sanna A Gustafsson
The aim of the present study was to explore patients' experiences of participating in a self-admission program at a specialist eating disorders clinic. Sixteen adult program participants with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa were interviewed at 6 months about their experiences in the self-admission program. A qualitative content analysis approach was applied to identify recurring themes. Four themes were identified: Agency and Flexibility, Functions, Barriers, and Applicability. Participants used self-admission to boost healthy behaviors, to prevent deterioration, to forestall the need for longer periods of hospitalizations, and to get a break from overwhelming demands...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081044/evaluation-of-the-condom-barriers-scale-for-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-reliability-and-validity-of-3-subscales
#19
Richard A Crosby, Stephanie A Sanders, Cynthia A Graham, Robin Milhausen, William L Yarber, Leandro Mena
BACKGROUND: Reliable and valid scale measures of barriers to condom use are not available for young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Condom Barriers Scales for application with YBMSM. METHODS: A clinic-based sample of 600 YBMSM completed a computer-assisted self-interview. The primary measure was a 14-item abbreviated version of the Condom Barriers Scale. Reliability and criterion validity were assessed. RESULTS: All 3 subscales were reliable: partner-related barriers (Cronbach α=0...
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052706/research-brief
#20
Erin Schoenfelder, Connor McCabe, Aurora Fife, Lisa Herzig, Kym Ahrens
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents with ADHD are at risk of functional problems that may be mitigated by consistent ADHD treatment. This study pilots a brief intervention for adolescents with ADHD and their parents to increase treatment knowledge and family motivation to seek treatment. METHOD: The 3-hr curriculum was developed by a multidisciplinary team and included psychoeducation, goal setting, and motivational interviewing. Fifteen adolescents and 20 caregivers participated in the workshop, completed pre- and post-test assessments, and reported on acceptability...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
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