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Brief motivational interviewing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434871/a-brief-psychological-intervention-to-reduce-repetition-of-self-harm-in-patients-admitted-to-hospital-following-a-suicide-attempt-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Rory C O'Connor, Eamonn Ferguson, Fiona Scott, Roger Smyth, David McDaid, A-La Park, Annette Beautrais, Christopher J Armitage
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether a volitional helpsheet (VHS), a brief psychological intervention, could reduce repeat self-harm in the 6 months following a suicide attempt. METHODS: We did a prospective, single-site, randomised controlled trial. Patients admitted to a hospital in Edinburgh, UK, after a suicide attempt were deemed eligible for the study if they were over the age of 16 years, had a self-reported history of self-harm, were fluent in English, were medically fit to interview, and were not participating in other research studies within the hospital...
April 20, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426353/potential-risks-of-ecological-momentary-assessment-among-persons-who-inject-drugs
#2
Alexis M Roth, John Rossi, Jesse L Goldshear, Quan Truong, Richard F Armenta, Stephen E Lankenau, Richard S Garfein, Janie Simmons
BACKGROUND: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA)-which often involves brief surveys delivered via mobile technology-has transformed our understanding of the individual and contextual micro-processes associated with legal and illicit drug use. However, little empirical research has focused on participant's perspective on the probability and magnitude of potential risks in EMA studies. OBJECTIVES: To garner participant perspectives on potential risks common to EMA studies of illicit drug use...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410174/pilot-and-feasibility-test-of-a-mobile-health-supported-behavioral-counseling-intervention-for-weight-management-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#3
Lisa M Quintiliani, Devin M Mann, Marissa Puputti, Emily Quinn, Deborah J Bowen
BACKGROUND: Health behavior and weight management interventions for cancer survivors have the potential to prevent future cancer recurrence and improve long-term health; however, their translation can be limited if the intervention is complex and involves high participant burden. Mobile health (mHealth) offers a delivery modality to integrate interventions into daily life routines. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a one-group trial with a pre-post evaluation design on engagement (use and acceptability), physiological (weight), behavioral (diet and physical activity), and other secondary outcomes...
May 9, 2016: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398192/an-interventionist-adherence-scale-for-a-specialized-brief-negotiation-interview-focused-on-treatment-engagement-for-opioid-use-disorders
#4
Michael V Pantalon, James Dziura, Fang-Yong Li, Patricia H Owens, Patrick G O'Connor, Gail D'Onofrio
BACKGROUND: No psychometrically validated instrument for evaluating the extent to which interventionists correctly implement brief interventions designed to motivate treatment engagement for opioid use disorders has been reported in the literature. The objective of this study was to develop and examine the psychometric properties of the Brief Negotiation Interview (BNI) Adherence Scale for Opioid Use Disorders (BAS-O). METHODS: In the context of a randomized controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of 3 models of emergency department care for opioid use disorders, the authors developed and subsequently examined the psychometric properties of the BAS-O, a 38-item scale that required raters to answer whether or not ("Yes" or "No") each of the critical actions of the BNI was correctly implemented by the research interventionist...
February 23, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397984/physical-activity-prescription-by-primary-care-nurses-using-health-assets-study-design-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#5
Aina Riera-Sampol, Pedro Tauler, Miquel Bennasar-Veny, Alfonso Leiva, Guillem Artigues-Vives, Joan De Pedro-Gómez, Jordi Pericàs, Carlos Moreno, Maite Arbos, Antoni Aguilo
AIM: To analyse the efficacy of a 12-month multifactorial intervention by primary care nurses in increasing adherence to physical activity prescription (150 min/week) in patients with two or more cardiovascular risk factors and with cardiovascular risk up to 15% determined by the REGICOR equation. BACKGROUND: In Spain cardiovascular diseases are responsible for 30.5% of deaths. Regular physical activity decreases mortality risk due to cardiovascular diseases but the effectiveness of physical activity prescription in routine in primary care settings has been shown to be low...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394024/a-brief-motivational-interview-promotes-internal-motivation-to-donate-blood-among-young-adults-with-and-without-a-prior-donation-history
#6
Irina E Livitz, Kristen R Fox, Lina K Himawan, Christopher R France
BACKGROUND: Recruitment and retention of first-time and repeat donors is essential to maintain a stable blood supply. Recent evidence has shown that promoting internal motivation may be an effective strategy to enhance donation behavior. We tested the efficacy of an in-person motivational interview at increasing internal motivation and intention to donate. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A sample of 219 donors and nondonors (69.4% female; mean ± SD age, 19.2 ± 1...
April 10, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388933/forging-new-paths-in-diabetes-prevention-findit-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Jeffrey T Kullgren, Bradley Youles, Shaina Shetty, Caroline Richardson, Angela Fagerlin, Michele Heisler
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes is an asymptomatic condition in which patients' blood glucose levels are higher than normal but do not meet diagnostic criteria for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A key window of opportunity to increase engagement of patients with prediabetes in strategies to prevent T2DM is when they are screened for T2DM and found to have prediabetes, yet the effects of this screening and brief counseling are unknown. METHODS: In this parallel-design randomized controlled trial we will recruit 315 non-diabetic patients from the Ann Arbor VA Medical Center (AAVA) who have one or major risk factors for T2DM and an upcoming primary care appointment at the AAVA, but have not had a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test to screen for T2DM in the previous 12 months...
April 8, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375699/vida-pura-an-assessment-of-the-fidelity-of-promotor-delivered-screening-and-brief-intervention-to-reduce-unhealthy-alcohol-use-among-latino-day-laborers
#8
Samantha E Serrano, Kelly Serafini, Nikki Eller, Vanessa N Torres, Dennis Donovan, India J Ornelas
We assessed the fidelity of promotores conducting screening and brief intervention (SBI) to reduce unhealthy alcohol use among Latino immigrant day laborers in the Vida PURA study. We reviewed 32 audio-recorded brief interventions to assess promotor adherence to the intervention protocol and to evaluate their motivational interviewing (MI) technique with the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity (MITI) 4.2.1 tool. Promotores delivered three core intervention steps in 78% of recordings and achieved basic MI competence across all domains and proficiency in 50% of measures...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340904/a-group-based-motivational-interviewing-brief-intervention-to-reduce-substance-use-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-homeless-young-adults
#9
Joan S Tucker, Elizabeth J D'Amico, Brett A Ewing, Jeremy N V Miles, Eric R Pedersen
Homeless young adults ages 18-25 exhibit high rates of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use, and sexual risk behaviors such as unprotected sex. Yet few programs exist for this population that are both effective and can be easily incorporated into settings serving this population. This pilot cluster cross-over randomized controlled trial evaluates AWARE, a voluntary four session group-based motivational interviewing (MI) intervention to reduce AOD use and sexual risk behavior. We evaluated AWARE with 200 homeless young adults using drop-in center services in Los Angeles County (mean age=21...
May 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320916/a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-alcohol-brief-interventions-for-the-uk-military-personnel-moving-back-to-civilian-life
#10
REVIEW
Sarah Wigham, A Bauer, S Robalino, J Ferguson, A Burke, D Newbury-Birch
BACKGROUND: Higher levels of alcohol consumption have been observed in the UK armed forces compared with the general population. For some, this may increase the risk of using alcohol as a coping strategy when adjusting to multiple life events occurring when moving back into civilian life. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted to determine the effectiveness of alcohol brief interventions for military personnel during transition. Electronic databases including Medline, Central, Healthcare Management Information Consortium (HMIC) and Embase, and grey literature, were searched...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315545/oral-anticancer-agents-an-intervention-to-promote-medication-adherence-and-symptom-management%C3%A2
#11
Sandra L Spoelstra, Alla Sikorskii, Atreyee Majumder, Peggy S Burhenn, Monica Schueller, Barbara Given
Symptom burden and poor adherence to oral anticancer agents remain significant clinical problems. This study examined feasibility, preliminary efficacy, and satisfaction with ADHERE, a nurse practitioner intervention that promotes symptom management and adherence among patients prescribed oral agents. The intervention group (which received one semistructured, face-to-face session followed by three weekly telephone sessions using motivational interviewing, brief cognitive-behavioral therapy, and a toolkit to promote self-management) had significantly lower symptom severity postintervention...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287800/how-does-brief-motivational-intervention-change-heavy-drinking-and-harm-among-underage-young-adult-drinkers
#12
Molly Magill, Suzanne M Colby, Lindsay Orchowski, James G Murphy, Ariel Hoadley, Linda A Brazil, Nancy P Barnett
OBJECTIVE: This study tested mediating processes hypothesized to explain the therapeutic benefit of an efficacious motivational interview (MI). The constructs of interest were motivation to change, cognitive dissonance about current drinking, self-efficacy for change, perceived young adult drinking norms, future drinking intentions, and the use of protective behavioral strategies. METHOD: A randomized controlled trial compared the efficacy of a brief MI to a time- and attention-matched control of meditation and relaxation training for alcohol use...
May 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272119/obesity-moderates-the-effects-of-motivational-interviewing-treatment-outcomes-in-fibromyalgia
#13
Anthony S Kaleth, James E Slaven, Dennis C Ang
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a common comorbid condition among patients with fibromyalgia (FM). Our objective was to assess if obesity moderates the treatment benefits of exercise-based motivational interviewing (MI) for FM. METHODS: This is a secondary data analysis of a completed clinical trial of 198 FM patients who were randomized to receive either MI or attention control (AC). Using body mass index (BMI) to divide participants into obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m) and non-obese (BMI <30 kg m) groups, mixed linear models were used to determine interaction between treatment arms and obesity status with regards to the primary outcome of global FM symptom severity (Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire, FIQ)...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270194/factors-associated-with-alcohol-reduction-in-harmful-and-hazardous-drinkers-following-alcohol-brief-intervention-in-scotland-a-qualitative-enquiry
#14
Jean M McQueen, Claire Ballinger, Tracey E Howe
BACKGROUND: Alcohol Brief Intervention (ABI) uses a motivational counselling approach to support individuals to reduce excessive alcohol consumption. There is growing evidence on ABI's use within various health care settings, although how they work and which components enhance success is largely unknown. This paper reports on the qualitative part of a mixed methods study. It explores enablers and barriers associated with alcohol reduction following an ABI. It focuses on alcohol's place within participants' lives and their personal perspectives on reducing consumption...
March 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259827/pedestrian-driver-communication-and-decision-strategies-at-marked-crossings
#15
Matus Sucha, Daniel Dostal, Ralf Risser
The aim of this work is to describe pedestrian-driver encounters, communication, and decision strategies at marked but unsignalised crossings in urban areas in the Czech Republic and the ways in which the parties involved experience and handle these encounters. A mixed-methods design was used, consisting of focus groups with pedestrians and drivers regarding their subjective views of the situations, on-site observations, camera recordings, speed measurements, the measurement of car and pedestrian densities, and brief on-site interviews with pedestrians...
March 2, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223950/the-motiv-heart-study-a-prospective-randomized-single-blind-pilot-study-of-brief-strategic-therapy-and-motivational-interviewing-among-cardiac-rehabilitation-patients
#16
Giada Pietrabissa, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Alessandro Rossi, Gianluca Castelnuovo
Background: Psychological distress, biomedical parameters, and unhealthy lifestyles contribute to a poorer prognosis for cardiac disease. Public health's challenge is to motivate patients to utilize self-care. Objective: This prospective, randomized, single-blind pilot study aimed at testing the incremental efficacy of Brief Strategic Therapy (BST) combined with Motivational Interviewing (MI) in improving selected biomedical and psychological outcomes over and beyond those of the stand-alone BST in a residential Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) program...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216065/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-telephone-based-smoking-cessation-intervention-in-the-lung-cancer-screening-setting-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Kathryn L Taylor, Charlotte J Hagerman, George Luta, Paula G Bellini, Cassandra Stanton, David B Abrams, Jenna A Kramer, Eric Anderson, Shawn Regis, Andrea McKee, Brady McKee, Ray Niaura, Harry Harper, Michael Ramsaier
Incorporating effective smoking cessation interventions into lung cancer screening (LCS) programs will be essential to realizing the full benefit of screening. We conducted a pilot randomized trial to determine the feasibility and efficacy of a telephone-counseling (TC) smoking cessation intervention vs. usual care (UC) in the LCS setting. In collaboration with 3 geographically diverse LCS programs, we enrolled current smokers (61.5% participation rate) who were: registered to undergo LCS, 50-77 years old, and had a 20+ pack-year smoking history...
February 14, 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195010/efficacy-of-a-universal-smoking-cessation-intervention-initiated-in-inpatient-psychiatry-and-continued-post-discharge-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Alexandra P Metse, John Wiggers, Paula Wye, Luke Wolfenden, Megan Freund, Richard Clancy, Emily Stockings, Margarett Terry, John Allan, Kim Colyvas, Judith J Prochaska, Jenny A Bowman
OBJECTIVE: Interventions are required to redress the disproportionate tobacco-related health burden experienced by persons with a mental illness. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a universal smoking cessation intervention initiated within an acute psychiatric inpatient setting and continued post-discharge in reducing smoking prevalence and increasing quitting behaviours. METHOD: A randomised controlled trial was undertaken across four psychiatric inpatient facilities in Australia...
February 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183399/efficacy-of-a-randomized-controlled-self-regulation-based-physical-activity-intervention-for-chronic-fatigue-mediation-effects-of-physical-activity-progress-and-self-regulation-skills
#19
M M Marques, V de Gucht, I Leal, S Maes
OBJECTIVE: Examine the medium-term effects of a brief physical activity (PA) self-regulation (SR) based intervention (4-STEPS program) for chronic fatigue, and explore the mediating effects of PA related variables and SR skills. METHODS: A two-arm randomized controlled trial (Usual Care vs 4-STEPS) was carried out. The 4-STEPS program consisted of Motivational Interviewing and SR-skills training. Fatigue severity (primary outcome) and impact, PA, health-related quality of life (HrQoL), and somatic and psychological distress were assessed at baseline, post-treatment (12weeks) and 12months follow-up...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173897/exclusive-breast-feeding-promotion-among-hiv-infected-women-in-south-africa-an-information-motivation-behavioural-skills-model-based-pilot-intervention
#20
Emily L Tuthill, Lisa M Butler, Jennifer A Pellowski, Jacqueline M McGrath, Regina M Cusson, Robert K Gable, Jeffrey D Fisher
OBJECTIVE: Exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) provides optimal nutrition for infants and mothers. The practice of EBF while adhering to antiretroviral medication decreases the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV from approximately 25 % to less than 5 %. Thus the WHO recommends EBF for the first 6 months among HIV-infected women living in resource-limited settings; however, EBF rates remain low. In the present study our aim was to design and implement a pilot intervention promoting EBF among HIV-infected women...
February 8, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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