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soft tissue tumors diagnosis

A A Yarovoy, O V Golubeva, S S Kleyankina, T V Yanchenko
Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JX) is a benign growth of fibrohistiocytoma range that mainly affects children. The most frequent localization of the tumor is skin integument. Non-cutaneous forms of JX are found in 5-10% of cases; they are manifested as deep lesions of soft tissues, involvement of various organs (oropharynx, lungs, liver, spleen, pericardium, gastrointestinal tract, central nervous system, bone marrow) including the organ of vision. JX can develop in any part of the eye and its appendages. Taking into consideration how rare this pathology is, its diagnosis and treatment are complicated...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
Isidro Machado, Carlos Santonja, Victoria Huerta, Julia Cruz, Celia Requena, Luis Requena, Antonio Llombart-Bosch
Neuroendocrine differentiation or aberrant expression of neuroendocrine markers is very uncommon in angiosarcomas (AS) and creates a challenging differential diagnosis with other superficial or soft tissue tumors. Herein, we report a new case of superficial AS presenting as a tumor lesion on the little finger of the right hand of a 52-year-old man. The tumor displayed CD56, chromogranin-A, and synaptophysin immunoreactivity. Tumor cells were positive for vascular markers (CD31, FLI1, ERG, D2-40, VE-cadherin, VEGR1,2, and 3), CD99, and EMA, but were negative for S100, CK (AE1/AE3), CK20, polyomavirus, and myogenic (desmin and myogenin) and melanocyte markers (melan-A and HMB45)...
February 27, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Amal Bennani, Nassira Karich, Imane Kamaoui, Meryem Chraibi, Sanaa Abbaoui
BACKGROUND: Schwannomas are uncommon tumors of the external auditory canal. In the English literature, very few cases of schwannomas originating in the external auditory canal were reported and none of them showed chondroid metaplasia. We report the first case of schwannoma with chondroid metaplasia in this location. CASE PRESENTATION: In this report, we described a 22-year-old white man who presented with an external auditory slow growing mass. A computed tomography scan of the temporal bone demonstrated a well-circumscribed, soft tissue mass narrowing most of the external auditory canal...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Andrew J Jacobs, Carol D Morris, Adam S Levin
BACKGROUND: Reported rates of the incidence of lymph node metastasis in soft tissue sarcoma vary considerably. Many are based on single-institution series and small patient populations. Certain sarcoma subtypes, including synovial sarcoma, have been associated with a higher risk of lymph node involvement. Most single centers have insufficient numbers of patients to assess lymph node metastasis accurately, but larger national databases may allow a more accurate estimation. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We queried a large national database and asked the following questions: (1) What proportion of patients with soft tissue sarcoma have lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis? (2) What histologic subtypes are associated with increased risk of nodal metastasis? (3) What is the impact of lymph node metastases and histologic subtype on survival? (4) Does lymph node excision improve survival of patients with soft tissue sarcoma? METHODS: The National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a national database that covers a geographic cross-section representing approximately 28% of the US population across demographic groups...
March 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Michael Roth, Salem Alowami, Snezana Popovic, Srinivasan Harish
A rare case of intra-articular solitary fibrous tumor of the knee in an 84-year-old man is presented. This case report illustrates that solitary fibrous tumor should be included in the extended differential diagnosis of an intra-articular soft tissue mass.
March 9, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
Jianguo Zhu, Haige Li, Liucheng Ding, Hongyong Cheng
RATIONALE: Epithelioid angiomyolipoma (EAML) is an extremely rare disease. It commonly occurs in middle-aged females and mainly involves the kidney. Histological and immunohistochemical examination play important roles in differentiating EAML from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and poor-fat angiomyolipoma (AML). PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, We report the imaging phenotype, as well as the pathological findings of a case of EAML in a 39-year-old female. DIAGNOSES: Preoperative noncontrast computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a 6...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Elena Vetlova, Denis A Golbin, Andrey V Golanov, Alexander A Potapov, Sergey M Banov, Natalia Antipina, Valery V Kostjuchenko, Dmitry Y Usachev, Artem Y Belyaev, Sergey Goryaynov
INTRODUCTION:  Preoperative stereotactic radiosurgery (pre-SRS) is a recent advancement in the strategy for brain metastasis (BM) management, and available data demonstrate the advantages of pre-SRS before postoperative radiation treatment, including lower rates of local toxicity, leptomeningeal progression, and a high percentage of local control. The authors presented the results of pre-SRS in patients with BM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients with BM (11 female and eight male) have been treated at N...
December 26, 2017: Curēus
Volkan Gurkan, Ozgur Erdogan
Foot and ankle osteoid osteomas (OOs) are often cancellous or subperiosteal and rarely present with a periosteal reaction. Additionally, the large number of disorders included in the differential diagnosis and the nonspecific findings on radiographs complicate the diagnosis. We performed a manual search of the senior surgeon's hospitals' operating room records for the terms "benign bone tumor," "foot," "ankle," and "osteoid osteoma" from January 2003 until December 2014...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Chunye Zhang, Yuhua Hu, Zhen Tian, Ling Zhu, Chenping Zhang, Jiang Li
OBJECTIVE: Carcinoma cuniculatum (CC) is a rare variant of squamous cell carcinoma. We describe the clinicopathologic findings in a new case. STUDY DESIGN: This is a literature review and retrospective study of a case with CC. RESULTS: The clinical and imaging findings of CC are diverse; some cases might be challenging to diagnose accurately by biopsy. This article reports a case of CC that occurred in the retromolar region with involvement of the mandible...
February 3, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Joseph A Santamaria, Colin F Gallagher, Aditya Mehta, Brett W Davies
Fibrous histiocytoma is a soft tissue tumor with cells resembling both fibroblasts and histiocytes. Occasionally in the orbit, they rarely arise in the lacrimal sac. Similar to prior cases described, the patient presented with symptoms of epiphora and a slowly enlarging mass inferior to the right medial canthus. Imaging demonstrated a circumscribed 1.2 cm × 1.1 cm × 1.1 cm mass within the lacrimal sac without surrounding bony destruction. Grossly, the tumor appeared homogenous and rubbery. Pathologic study results from the case demonstrated zones of hypercellularity and hypocellularity with a fibrous appearance, admixed with spindle cells and collections of foamy histiocytes...
February 27, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Monique J L Mastboom, Floortje G M Verspoor, Daniël Uittenbogaard, Gerard R Schaap, Paul C Jutte, H W Bart Schreuder, Michiel A J van de Sande
BACKGROUND: Tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT) is a rare, benign, monoarticular entity. Many case-series in adults are described, whereas TGCT is only incidentally reported in children. Therefore, its incidence rate and natural history in children are unknown. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) How many cases have been reported of this condition, and what were their characteristics? (2) What is the standardized pediatric incidence rate for TGCT? (3) Is there a clinical difference in TGCT between children and adults? (4) What is the risk of recurrence after open resection in children compared with adults? METHODS: Data were derived from three sources: (1) a systematic review on TGCT in children, seeking sources published between 1990 and 2016, included 17 heterogeneous, small case-series; (2) the nationwide TGCT incidence study: the Dutch pediatric incidence rate was extracted from this nationwide study by including patients younger than 18 years of age...
February 8, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Lei Yan, Shriram Jakate, Vijaya Reddy, Paolo Gattuso
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. The clinical and cytological features of metastatic HCC have not been well established. METHODS: To determine the clinical and cytological features of metastatic HCC, we retrospectively searched for all HCC metastasis diagnosed by fine needle aspiration or core biopsy. RESULTS: We found 12 bone metastases, 11 intra-abdominal, 4 lung, 3 soft tissue, and 2 lymph node metastases from 32 patients...
March 1, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Umit Eroglu, Fatih Yakar, Murat Zaimoglu, Emre Sayaci, Onur Ozgural, İhsan Dogan, Hasan Caglar Ugur
Schwannoma is a benign neural tumor derived from Schwann cells surrounding the nerves. It occurs primarily in subcutaneous tissues and muscles with a tendency for distal extremities, head, and neck area. Treatment of schwannoma is surgical excision. Lipomas are the most common soft-tissue lesions. A case is presented to increase awareness on differential diagnosis of head and neck subcutaneous masses.
January 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Hongzeng Wu, Xiaotong Ma, Ze Li, Helin Feng
A hibernoma is a benign soft tissue tumor consisting of brown adipose tissue. The tumors are mostly located in the thigh, back, and shoulder region. They are rarely found in the supraclavicular fossa. We report a 39-year-old woman who presented with a painless, slow-growing mass on the left supraclavicular fossa for nearly 15 years. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an inhomogeneous round mass with a slightly hyperintense signal on fat-suppression T2-weighted imaging that compressed the adjacent tissues and subclavian vessels...
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Luciano Cardinale, Giorgia Dalpiaz, Ilaria Pulzato, Francesco Ardissone
Background: Solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura (SFTP) arising from the mediastinal pleura may be confused with primary mediastinal tumors. We studied the computerized tomographic (CT) findings of patients with SFTP that could suggest a diagnosis of SFTP. Materials and Methods: At our hospital from January 1995 to June 2012, 39 patients with histologically confirmed SFTP were surgically treated; seven of them abutting the mediastinal pleura. The study group included seven patients aged between 53 and 81 years...
March 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Safdar Shah, Muhammad Danial Ali Shah, Abeer Fatima, Fawad Nasrullah, Wajid Ali, Irfan Ahmed Gorya
We describe a case of a 26-year man with complaints of suprapubic pain and burning micturition for two weeks and intermittent hematuria for two months. On physical examination, there was palpable mobile pelvic mass measuring 10x10 cm. Both testes were palpable in the scrotum. CT scan abdomen revealed well-defined, soft tissue mass, about 11x10 cm between rectum and urinary bladder. Mass showed internal necrotic changes and enhancement along the walls. No calcification was seen. Exploratory laparotomy was done...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Yali Yue, Yongkang Liu, Lina Song, Xiao Chen, Yaohui Wang, Zhongqiu Wang
BACKGROUND: Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a distinctive slow growing soft tissue neoplasm, mostly affecting young individuals with no gender difference. It usually arises in deep soft tissue of the lower limbs and trunk, but few cases of LGFMS located in pelvis have been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) features of LGFMS located in the anterior pelvic wall of a 21-year-old female and correlate them with clinicopathological features...
February 26, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
David Creytens, Liesbeth Ferdinande, Jo Van Dorpe
We report the case of a dedifferentiated solitary fibrous tumor with heterologous rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation in a 74-year-old male presenting with a rapidly growing, large soft tissue tumoral mass in the gluteal muscles of the right hip. Dedifferentiation in solitary fibrous tumor had not been recognized until very recently and is an extremely rare phenomenon in this tumor type. In the present case, the diagnosis of dedifferentiated solitary fibrous tumor was difficult because of the absence of areas of conventional solitary fibrous tumor with a predominantly poorly differentiated, anaplastic tumor component in the incision biopsy composed of heterogeneous areas with small blue round cell (Ewing sarcoma-like), rhabdoid, epithelioid, and pleomorphic morphology...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
Stefanie Kube, Christian Vokuhl, Tobias Dantonello, Monika Scheer, Erika Hallmen, Simone Feuchtgruber, Gabriele Escherich, Felix Niggli, Ingrid Kuehnle, Thekla von Kalle, Stefan Bielack, Thomas Klingebiel, Ewa Koscielniak
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs) are a rare subgroup of soft tissue tumors. The outcome of patients with IMT has been reported as favorable when the tumor is completely resected. If surgical resection is not possible, systemic therapy has to be considered. However, the best systemic treatment and response rates are currently unclear. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients under the age of 21, who were registered between 2000 and 2014 with a primary diagnosis of IMT, were analyzed...
February 26, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
K Specht, W Hartmann
Sarcomas of the Ewing family of tumors are aggressive neoplasms occurring in bone and soft tissue of mostly children and young adults. Classical Ewing sarcomas are pathognomonically characterized by fusions between a gene of the RNA-binding TET family (EWSR1 or FUS) with a gene of the ETS-transcription family (FLI1, ERG, ETV1, ETV4 or FEV). Less frequent cases designated as Ewing-like sarcomas show different genetic rearrangements between EWSR1 and non-ETS genes (NFATC2, POU5F1, SMARCA5, PATZ, ZSG, SP3). Moreover, new molecular alterations biologically unrelated to Ewing sarcomas have recently been described in the category of undifferentiated round cell sarcomas including CIC-DUX4 fusions or BCOR alterations, each carrying unique gene expression signatures...
February 26, 2018: Der Pathologe
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