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soft tissue classification

T Liu, F L Bao, S J Kang, T Jiang, D S Huang, W Gao, L J Geng, Y M Hu
Objective: To explore a standard procedure for the treatment of combined dorsal and palmar internal fixation for complex four part distal radius fractures and assess its clinical results. Methods: From May 2009 to October 2016, 38 patients(39 sides)who suffered from complex four part distal radius fractures were performed operatively with open reduction and internal fixation via combined dorsal and palmar approach in Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University(Qingdao). The series included 22 males(22 sides) and 16 females(17 sides)...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Rüdiger M Zimmerer, Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Sophie von Bülow, Edward Bradley Strong, Edward Ellis, Maximilian E H Wagner, Gregorio Sanchez Aniceto, Alexander Schramm, Michael P Grant, Lim Thiam Chye, Alvaro Rivero Calle, Frank Wilde, Daniel Perez, Gido Bittermann, Nicholas R Mahoney, Marta Redondo Alamillos, Joanna Bašić, Marc Metzger, Michael Rasse, Jan Dittman, Elke Rometsch, Kathrin Espinoza, Ronny Hesse, Carl-Peter Cornelius
PURPOSE: Reconstruction of orbital wall fractures is demanding and has improved dramatically with the implementation of new technologies. True-to-original accuracy of reconstruction has been deemed essential for good clinical outcome, and reasons for unfavorable clinical outcome have been researched extensively. However, no detailed analysis on the influence of plate position and surface contour on clinical outcome has yet been published. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from a previous study were used for an ad-hoc analysis to identify predictors for unfavorable outcome, defined as diplopia or differences in globe height and/or globe projection of >2 mm...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Silvano Esposito, Silvana Noviello, Francesco De Caro, Giovanni Boccia
Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) involve a heterogeneous group of entities with different clinical presentations classified according to several specific criteria. Because of their great variability, their incidence and prevalence is difficult to accurately determine. Yet it is generally thought that the rate of SSTIs is globally increasing due to an aging population, strictly associated with the increase in the number of critical and immunocompromised patients. The aetiology of SSTIs is also extremely variable, reflecting the noteworthy heterogeneity of their clinical presentations and their epidemiology...
March 1, 2018: Le Infezioni in Medicina
Nicole M Acquisto, Ryan P Bodkin, Jack E Brown, Paul S Graman, Courtney Marie Cora Jones, Timmy Li, Dwight J Hardy, Elizabeth Dodds Ashley
OBJECTIVES: Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are prevalent in the emergency department (ED). We determined whether MRSA nasal carriage better identifies patients with MRSA wound infection than clinical risk factors or emergency medicine (EM) provider's choice of discharge prescriptions. METHODS: Adult patients presenting to a large academic medical centre ED in the USA with SSTI between May 2010 and November 2011 were screened...
March 9, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Jen-Ta Shih, Chun-Lin Kuo, Tsu-Te Yeh, Hsain-Chung Shen, Ru-Yu Pan, Chia-Chun Wu
BACKGROUND: The ideal treatment for comminuted intraarticular calcaneal fractures is still debated. Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is the most popular surgical procedure; however, wound complications, implant choice, and infection remain major concerns. This study aimed to demonstrate the results of an innovative, minimally invasive surgical procedure, namely, a closed reduction technique using large-diameter Steinmann pins and percutaneous calcaneoplasty using injectable calcium sulfate cement (MIIG X3, Wright Medical Technology, Inc...
March 9, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Kyoung Su Sung, Ju Hyung Moon, Eui Hyun Kim, Seok-Gu Kang, Se Hoon Kim, Chang-Ok Suh, Sun Ho Kim, Kyu-Sung Lee, Won Seok Chang, Jong Hee Chang
OBJECTIVE Solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma (SFT/HPC) is a new combined entity for which a soft-tissue-type grading system, ranging from grades I to III, has been introduced in the 2016 WHO classification of tumors of the CNS. The results of the treatment of this new disease entity require evaluation. METHODS The authors retrospectively reevaluated the pathological findings and medical records of patients with SFT/HPC. This study included 60 patients (27 men and 33 women, median age 42.5 years, range 13-69 years) treated at Severance Hospital between February 1981 and February 2016...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Monica Mele, Pietro Felice, Praveen Sharma, Claudio Mazzotti, Pietro Bellone, Giovanni Zucchelli
Altered passive eruption is described as a condition in which the relationship between teeth, alveolar bone and soft tissues creates an excessive display of gingiva, commonly known as a 'gummy smile'. While there are authors who consider altered passive eruption to be a risk to periodontal health, its impact is greatest in terms of oral esthetics. The aim of periodontal management in such cases is not only to improve patient esthetics but also to restore periodontal health by re-establishing the normal relationship between the gingival margin, alveolar bone crest and cemento-enamel junction...
March 4, 2018: Periodontology 2000
Łukasz Szelerski, Radosław Górski, Sławomir Żarek, Karol Mochocki, Paweł Małdyk
BACKGROUND: Distal femoral fractures constitute a type of lower limb injuries that is rare and difficult to treat. Despite advances in surgical technique and development of implants used for internal fixation of fracture fragments, the treatment continues to result in numerous complications. The Ilizarov External Fixator reduces the risk of complications and allows for bone union. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six men with distal femoral fractures resulting from multisite and multiorgan injuries were treated at the Department of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Traumatology of the Medical Uni-versity of Warsaw between 2008 and 2016...
December 30, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
Hiroyuki Tsuchie, Makoto Emori, Hiroyuki Nagasawa, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Yasutaka Murahashi, Emi Mizushima, Toshihiko Yamashita, Yoichi Shimada
BACKGROUND: Soft tissue sarcoma (STS) mainly occurs in middle-aged and senior citizens. Although a poorer prognosis has been reported for older patients, few studies have examined advanced elderly excessive older patients. We evaluated the clinical features of advanced elderly patients with STS. METHODS: One hundred and forty-four patients were included in this retrospective study, and we divided them into two groups based on a cut-off age of 85 (older and younger groups)...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Allison K Simi, Alisya A Anlas, Melody Stallings-Mann, Sherry Zhang, Tiffaney Hsia, Magdalena A Cichon, Derek C Radisky, Celeste M Nelson
Multinucleation is found in more than one third of tumors and is linked to increased tolerance for mutation, resistance to chemotherapy, and invasive potential. The integrity of the genome depends on proper execution of the cell cycle, which can be altered through mechanotransduction pathways as the tumor microenvironment stiffens during tumorigenesis. Here we show that signaling downstream of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP3) or transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta), known inducers of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), also promotes multinucleation in stiff microenvironments through Snail-dependent expression of the filament-forming protein septin-6, resulting in midbody persistence, abscission failure, and multinucleation...
February 26, 2018: Cancer Research
Michael T Sweeney, Brian V Lubbers, Stefan Schwarz, Jeffrey L Watts
Standardized definitions for MDR are currently not available in veterinary medicine despite numerous reports indicating that antimicrobial resistance may be increasing among clinically significant bacteria in livestock and companion animals. As such, assessments of MDR presented in veterinary scientific reports are inconsistent. Herein, we apply previously standardized definitions for MDR, XDR and pandrug resistance (PDR) used in human medicine to animal pathogens and veterinary antimicrobial agents in which MDR is defined as an isolate that is not susceptible to at least one agent in at least three antimicrobial classes, XDR is defined as an isolate that is not susceptible to at least one agent in all but one or two available classes and PDR is defined as an isolate that is not susceptible to all agents in all available classes...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Matteo Chiapasco, Paolo Casentini
The rehabilitation of partially or totally edentulous patients with implant-supported prostheses has become routine, with excellent long-term outcome. A proper implant position is mandatory to achieve good functional and esthetic outcome and may require an adequate amount of alveolar bone and surrounding soft tissue. When this is lacking because of atrophy, sequelae of periodontal disease, traumas or congenital malformations, increased bone volume and/or keratinized mucosa can be obtained by guided bone regeneration, bone-grafting techniques and alveolar bone expansion...
February 25, 2018: Periodontology 2000
Sandro Pasquali, Chiara Colombo, Sara Pizzamiglio, Paolo Verderio, Dario Callegaro, Silvia Stacchiotti, Javier Martin Broto, Antonio Lopez-Pousa, Stefano Ferrari, Andres Poveda, Antonino De Paoli, Vittorio Quagliuolo, Josefina Cruz Jurado, Alessandro Comandone, Giovanni Grignani, Rita De Sanctis, Elena Palassini, Antonio Llomboart-Bosch, Angelo Paolo Dei Tos, Paolo G Casali, Piero Picci, Alessandro Gronchi
BACKGROUND: Patients with extremity and trunk wall soft tissue sarcoma (STS) with high malignancy grade and size >5 cm are at high-risk of death. This risk varies depending also on other patient and tumour features, including histologic subtype. This study investigated whether a prognostic nomogram can improve risk assessment of these patients. METHODS: Data from high-risk STS patients enrolled in a randomised controlled trial investigating different perioperative chemotherapy regimens were analysed...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
Wolfgang Roll, Matthias Weckesser, Monika Pöppelmann, Manfred Schiborr, Michael Schäfers, Kambiz Rahbar
The classification of thyroid nodules in children is often difficult, especially in pretreated patients with metastatic disease. In osteosarcoma patients, Tc-MDP SPECT/CT is used for primary and follow-up staging. Bone and soft tissue metastases can be revealed because of Tc-MDP imaging of osteoid-producing metastases. We present Tc-MDP SPECT-CT, CT, and ultrasound images of a highly suspicious calcified thyroid lesion in a 17-year-old boy with osteosarcoma. High uptake in Tc-MDP SPECT-CT provides diagnosis of thyroid metastasis of osteosarcoma, which was proven by histopathology...
February 21, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Theodoros Varakliotis, Gianluca Bellocchi, Alberto Eibenstein, Gilberto Acquaviva, Francesco Casorati
INTRODUCTION: Ossifying fibromixoid tumor of soft parts (OFMT) is a rare soft tissue and bone tumor. In its classic form, is considered benign, nevertheless aggressive clinical behaviour tumors with a different cytoarchitectural features of a malignant variant, have been described.The classification contains "typical", "atypical" and "malignant" variants. METHODS: A CT ear scan without contrast enhancement was carried out (October 2015), with coronal, sagittal and 3D reconstructions...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
L Muszbek, K Pénzes, É Katona
Acquired FXIII deficiencies caused by autoantibodies against FXIII subunits represent rare but very severe bleeding diatheses. Alloantibodies in FXIII deficient patients also cause life-threatening bleeding complication, but they develop extremely rarely. In this review we provide an overview on the diagnosis and classification of anti-FXIII antibodies and analyze 48 patients with autoimmune FXIII deficiency and 4 additional FXIII deficient patients who developed anti-FXIII alloantibody. The patients were collected from peer-reviewed publications from which relevant data could be extracted...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Zi-Fei Yin, Bin-Feng Sun, Xiao-Hai Yang, Qing Wang, Ping-Kang Qian, Xiao-Feng Wu, Feng Xu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect of antero-medial incision of knee joint in treating intercondylar fracture of femur. METHODS: From September 2012 to March 2015, 24 patients with intercondylar fracture of femur were selected, including 17 males and 7 females, aged from 20 to 65 years old with an average of(38.3±9.5) years old. Among them, 12 cases were caused by traffic accident, 8 cases were caused by falling injury and 4 cases were caused by falling down...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Ju-Lei Ma, Yun-Qin Xu, Tu-Gang Shen, Qiang Li
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the risk factor of infection for complex tibial plateau fractures after operation. METHODS: Totally clinical data of 293 patients with complex tibial plateau fractures underwent open reduction and internal fixation were retrospectively analyzed from September 2010 to March 2015, including 199 males and 94 females, ranging in age from 17 to 80 years old with an average of 47.3 years old. The possible risk factors such as gender, age, smoking, diabetes, type of fracture(open/closed), classification of open fracture(Gustilo-Anderson classification), classification of soft tissue injury in closed fracture (Tscherne-Gotzen classification), fracture classification(Schatzker V/VI), osteofascial compartment syndrome, ASA score, anesthesia, timing of surgery, operative time(<=150 min/>150 min), surgical approach, combined approach or not, internal fixation site were studied...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Georgios K Prezerakos, Parag Sayal, Antonios Kourliouros, Periclis Pericleous, George Ladas, Adrian Casey
PURPOSE: Cervicothoracic paravertebral neoplasms extending into the mediastinum pose a surgical challenge due the complex regional anatomy, their biological nature, rarity and surgeon's unfamiliarity with the region. We aim to define a surgical access framework addressing the aforementioned complexities whilst achieving oncological clearance. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of 28 consecutive patients operated in two tertiary referral centres between 1998 and 2015...
February 14, 2018: European Spine Journal
Nathalie Chereau, Etienne Dauzier, Gaëlle Godiris-Petit, Séverine Noullet, Isabelle Brocheriou, Laurence Leenhardt, Camille Buffet, Fabrice Menegaux
BACKGROUND: International guidelines for the management of differentiated thyroid cancers are based on the 7th TNM classification: pT3 tumors are defined as differentiated thyroid cancers (DTCs) measuring more than 4 cm in their greatest dimension that are limited to the thyroid or any tumor with minimal extrathyroidal extension (ETE; sternothyroid muscle or perithyroid soft tissues). Differences in clinicohistological features and prognosis among patients with pT3 tumors remain controversial, and studies regarding pT3 subgroups are lacking...
February 14, 2018: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
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