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"Down syndrome" child*

Benjamin H Goot, Jon Kaufman, Zhaoxing Pan, David W A Bourne, Francis Hickey, Mark Twite, Jeffrey Galinkin, Uwe Christians, Jeannie Zuk, Eduardo M da Cruz
OBJECTIVES: To assess if morphine pharmacokinetics are different in children with Down syndrome when compared with children without Down syndrome. DESIGN: Prospective single-center study including subjects with Down syndrome undergoing cardiac surgery (neonate to 18 yr old) matched by age and cardiac lesion with non-Down syndrome controls. Subjects were placed on a postoperative morphine infusion that was adjusted as clinically necessary, and blood was sampled to measure morphine and its metabolites concentrations...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Georgina M Williams, Patricia Neville, Kathleen M Gillespie, Sam D Leary, Julian P Hamilton-Shield, Aidan J Searle
OBJECTIVE: To understand how to maximise recruitment of young infants with Down's syndrome (DS) into research through qualitative interviews with parents and care providers. In complex neonatal and genetic conditions such as DS, frequently diagnosed after birth, parents may go through a period of adaptation. These factors need consideration when overcoming barriers to recruitment. PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: Participants, who were drawn from health professionals and volunteers working with families experiencing DS, were recruited using a purposive sampling strategy...
March 8, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Sandra Guidi, Andrea Giacomini, Fiorenza Stagni, Marco Emili, Beatrice Uguagliati, Maria Paola Bonasoni, Renata Bartesaghi
Down syndrome (DS) is a genetic condition associated with impairment in several cognitive domains. Previous evidence showed a notable neurogenesis reduction in the hippocampal region of DS fetuses, which may account for the impairment of declarative memory that characterizes DS starting from early life stages. The fusiform gyrus (FG) and the inferior temporal gyrus (ITG) play a key role in visual recognition memory, a function that is impaired in children and adults with DS. The goal of the current study was to establish whether fetuses with DS (17-21 weeks of gestation) exhibit neuroanatomical alterations in the FG and ITG that may underlie recognition memory impairment...
March 6, 2018: Brain Pathology
Clauirton A Siebra, Helio A Siebra
BACKGROUND: The lack of motor ability is one of the main Down syndrome (DS) effects. However, there are several types of motor disorders that can be attenuated or corrected if they are early identified and properly analyzed. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study is to support the local Physical Activity research group, which works with about 25 DS children, by means of computational resources for motor analysis. To that end, we first needed to identify the main computational approaches that support the motor analysis of DS individuals, if they are already connected to intervention programs, and potential opportunities to extend the current state of the art...
April 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Bruno Corrado, Nadia Sommella, Gianluca Ciardi, Enza Raiano, Iris Scala, Pietro Strisciuglio, Clemente Servodio Iammarrone
BACKGROUND: The development of both gross and fine motor skills in a child with Down syndrome is generally delayed. The most seriously affected stage is the achievement of independent walking ability, which influences the onset of all following motor and cognityive skills. The study objectives were (a) to assess the time taken to achieve independent walking ability in a cohort of children with Down syndrome, (b) to examine differences in walking onset by patient characteristics, (c) to verify the effect of early physical therapy (Neurodevelopmental Treatment on the basis of Bobath Concept practised within the first months of life) in the achievement of that skill...
February 19, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
Mio Wakai, Rina Takahashi, Satomi Higashigawa, Masami Ikeda, Junko Yotsumoto, Hironao Numabe
Self-perception of people with Down Syndrome (DS) was originally studied in the United States in 2011; this study indicated that 99% of people with DS are happy with their lives. In this study, we investigated self-perceptions of people with DS in Japan and compared the results to the previous study made in the United States. The participants (n = 300) were 12 years old or older and members of Japan Down Syndrome Society (JDS). The questionnaire was collected between 30 October 2015 and 26 November 2015. Of 96(32%) responses, 76 (97%) agreed they are happy with their lives...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Human Genetics
Christopher R Broda, Antonio G Cabrera, Joseph W Rossano, John L Jefferies, Jeffrey A Towbin, Clifford Chin, Pirouz Shamszad
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence, characteristics, and outcomes in pediatric patients with chromosomal anomalies (CA) undergoing orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT). METHODS: A query of the database of the Pediatric Health Information System, a large administrative and billing database of 43 tertiary children's hospitals, was performed for the Years 2004 to 2016. Pediatric patients who received OHT were analyzed based on presence and type of CA...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Saied Ghadersohi, Bharat Bhushan, Kathleen R Billings
INTRODUCTION: The high incidence of chronic otitis media with effusion and Eustachian tube dysfunction in children with Down syndrome (DS) may predispose them to cholesteatoma formation. Establishing the diagnosis, choosing the appropriate operative intervention, and post-operative care can be challenging. OBJECTIVE: To describe management strategies for cholesteatoma diagnosis, surgical treatment, and post-operative management in children with Down syndrome. METHODS: Retrospective case series of 14 patients (17 total ears) with Down syndrome diagnosed with cholesteatoma over a 9-year period...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Jonathan R Skirko, Emily L Jensen, Norman R Friedman
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate peri-operative course and morbidity in children with Down syndrome (DS) who underwent a lingual tonsillectomy (LT) for residual obstructive sleep apnea (rOSA). METHODS: Retrospective case series for children with DS who underwent LT for rOSA from April 2011 to July 2016. Our primary outcomes were length of stay, readmission and complications. Surgical effectiveness was evaluated by change in the obstructive apnea-hypopnea-index(OAHI) and oxygen saturation nadir...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Pınar Beyaz, Nadia Khan, Gerasimos Baltsavias
Here we report, for the first time, a combination of five-vessel aortic arch, anomalous origin of the right vertebral artery (VA) from the common carotid artery (CCA), an aberrant right subclavian artery (SCA), and bilateral symmetrical segmental agenesis of VAs.In this case report, we present a patient with moyamoya syndrome (MMS) and Down syndrome (DS) who has bilateral symmetrical segmental agenesis of VAs, left VA originating from aortic arch and anomalous origin of right VA arising from CCA in combination with an aberrant right SCA...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Yang Du, Ling-Fei Shan, Zong-Ze Cao, Jin-Chao Feng, Yong Cheng
Background: The association between Down syndrome and celiac disease has been reported by many studies. However, the prevalence of celiac disease (CD) in Down syndrome (DS) varies considerably across studies (from 0 % to 19 %). The aim of this study was to use meta-analysis to exam the prevalence of CD in patients with DS. Methods: A systematic search of English articles from Pubmed, Web of Science and CNKI without year limitation. Data were extracted by two independent observers and pooled using a random effects model by the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Version 2 software...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
Christopher J Lemons, Seth A King, Kimberly A Davidson, Cynthia S Puranik, Stephanie Al Otaiba, Deborah J Fidler
The purpose of this replication study was to evaluate the potential efficacy and feasibility of an early reading intervention for children with Down syndrome. The intervention was developed in alignment with the Down syndrome behavioral phenotype. Six children between the ages of seven and ten years participated in a series of multiple-probe across lessons single-case design studies. Results indicate a functional relation between intervention and reading outcomes for four children. Results were mixed for one participant and no functional relation was demonstrated for another...
February 2018: Journal of School Psychology
Pamela M Anketell, Kathryn J Saunders, Stephen M Gallagher, Clare Bailey, Julie-Anne Little
SIGNIFICANCE: Accommodative responses were significantly poorer in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared with age-matched typically developing control subjects, and hypoaccommodation was associated with reduced near visual acuity (NVA) and convergence. PURPOSE: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a reported prevalence of 1.1 to 1.5%. Accommodative dysfunction has been noted in other developmental conditions including cerebral palsy and Down syndrome...
February 8, 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Elizabeth A Will, Kelly E Caravella, Laura J Hahn, Deborah J Fidler, Jane E Roberts
Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) experience deficits across all domains of adaptive functioning, however little is known about the emergence and age-related changes of these impairments compared to other neurogenetic disorders with similar intellectual disability impairments, such as fragile X syndrome (FXS). Adaptive behavior is key for optimal functioning in these populations. Participants aged 5-45 months comprised three age-matched groups, DS (n = 64), FXS (n = 69), and typically developing controls (TD; n = 69)...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Alessandra Spada Durante, Mayara Santos, Nayara M C de F Roque, Marcella S Gameiro, Katia de Almeida, Osmar Mesquita de Sousa Neto
INTRODUCTION: Tympanometry is currently the most frequently used tool for assessing the status of the middle ear, commonly assessed using a single 226Hz tone. However, the use of the Acoustic Immittance Measures with a wideband stimulus is a promising high-resolution evaluation, especially in individuals known to have middle ear alterations, such as Down syndrome patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the acoustic absorbance measurements in children with Down syndrome...
January 10, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Merve Sertdemir, Ömer Faruk Akça
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
Junna Horio, Hiroki Kaneko, Kei Takayama, Kinichi Tuzuki, Hiroko Kakihara, Miou Iwami, Yoshikatsu Kawase, Taichi Tsunekawa, Naoko Yamaguchi, Norie Nonobe, Hiroko Terasaki
PURPOSE: To investigate the refractive characteristics of Japanese children with Down syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: The clinical records of refractive errors and ocular manifestations in children with Down syndrome who visited the Aichi Children's Health and Medical Center between November 2001 and January 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. The children were divided into the 3 following groups depending on their age: group 1 (≤ 6 years), group 2 (7-12 years), and group 3 (13-19 years)...
January 30, 2018: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Reem M Alwhaibi, Hayfa M Aldugahishem
PURPOSE: Physical activity provides a wide range of benefits. Several studies conducted in various countries have examined factors influencing participation in physical activities in children with Down syndrome. This study aimed to explore factors affecting participation in physical activities in Saudi children with DS, from their mothers' perspectives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 36 mothers of children with Down syndrome to explore facilitators of and barriers to their children's participation in physical activities...
January 30, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Cláudia Melo de Moura, Pedro Ribeiro Bastos, Julyana S V Ribeiro, Márcia Gonçalves Ribeiro, Márcia Rodrigues Amorim, Marcelo Aguiar Costa-Lima
Down syndrome (DS) is the most common form of human genetic mental retardation. Several polymorphisms in genes coding folic acid cycle enzymes have been associated to the risk of bearing a DS child; however, the results are controversial. S-adenosyl-l-methionine (SAM) is an important intermediate of folic acid pathway and acts as methyl donor and substrate for DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 3B (DNMT3B - EC de novo methylation processes during embryogenesis. Recent studies suggest that a functional polymorphism of DNMT 3B in maternal genotype may be associated with a decreased risk of having a DS child...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Mary Godfrey, Nancy Raitano Lee
Down syndrome (DS) is associated with a variety of cognitive impairments, notably memory impairments. Due to the high prevalence rates of early-onset dementia associated with DS, it is imperative to understand the comprehensive development of memory impairments beginning in childhood and into adulthood, as this may help researchers identify precursors of dementia at earlier stages of development and pinpoint targets for memory intervention. The current paper provides a systematic, developmentally focused review of the nature of memory difficulties in DS across the lifespan...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
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