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"Down syndrome" child*

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730138/ileal-perforation-with-norovirus-gastroenteritis-in-a-3-month-old-infant
#1
Seol Woo Wi, Su Jin Lee, Eun Kyeong Kang, Sung Min Cho
Noroviruses have been recognized as the leading cause of epidemic and sporadic gastroenteritis since the advent of molecular diagnostic technique. They have been documented in 5-31% of pediatric patients hospitalized with gastroenteritis. Although norovirus gastroenteritis is typically mild and self-limited, it causes severe, but sometimes fatal, conditions in the vulnerable population such as immunocompromised patients, young children, and the elderly. Bowel perforation due to norovirus infection is rare. We report a case of small bowel perforation with norovirus gastroenteritis in the infant with Down syndrome during the hospitalization with pneumonia...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728769/social-inclusion-of-children-with-down-syndrome-jewish-and-muslim-mothers-knowledge-attitudes-beliefs-and-behavioral-intentions
#2
Sivia Barnoy, Anna Biton, Michal Itzhaki
PURPOSE: The current study examined mothers' knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, and intention to socially integrate children with Down syndrome (DS) in the family, with children without disabilities and school system. DESIGN AND METHODS: A questionnaire based on a descriptive, cross-sectional design was administered to Jewish and Muslim mothers. The questionnaire included demographics, knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, and intention to integrate children with DS. Analysis included a regression test of intention to integrate children with DS and a one-way ANOVA for differences between Jewish and Muslim mothers...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728615/success-of-tonsillectomy-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#3
David G Ingram, Amanda G Ruiz, Dexiang Gao, Norman R Friedman
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common in children with Down syndrome (DS) and associated with significant morbidity. In the current study we examined polysomnographic outcomes of children with DS who underwent tonsillectomy. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of children with DS who underwent a tonsillectomy between 2009-2015 was performed. All children had either a concurrent adenoidectomy or had previously underwent an adenoidectomy. Children with preoperative and postoperative polysomnograms within 6 months of surgery were included in the analysis...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726285/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-executive-function-in-down-syndrome-from-2-to-35%C3%A2-years
#4
S J Loveall, F A Conners, A S Tungate, L J Hahn, T D Osso
BACKGROUND: Previous research has indicated a unique profile of executive function (EF) in children and adolescents with Down syndrome (DS). However, there is a paucity of research on EF in adults with DS. This study aimed to gain a broader understanding of strengths and weaknesses in EF in DS from 2 to 35 years. METHOD: Parents of 112 individuals with DS between 2 and 35 years participated in this study. Parents either completed the Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function - for individuals 6+ years - or the Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function Preschool Version - for children 2-5 years...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692948/parenting-children-with-down-syndrome-an-analysis-of-parenting-styles-parenting-dimensions-and-parental-stress
#5
B Allyson Phillips, Frances Conners, Mary Elizabeth Curtner-Smith
BACKGROUND: Effective parenting is vital for a child's development. Although much work has been conducted on parenting typically developing children, little work has examined parenting children with Down syndrome. AIMS: The purpose of the current study was to compare the parenting styles and dimensions in mothers of children with DS and mothers of TD children. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Thirty-five mothers of children with DS and 47 mothers of TD children completed questionnaires about parenting, parental stress, child behavior problems, and child executive function...
July 7, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680631/surgical-medical-and-developmental-outcomes-in-patients-with-down-syndrome-and-cataracts
#6
Stephanie L Santoro, Dema Atoum, Robert B Hufnagel, William W Motley
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Down syndrome have an increased risk for congenital cataracts, but descriptions of surgical, medical and developmental outcomes are sparse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of medical charts of patients with Down syndrome with visits to Cincinnati Children's Hospital from 1988 to 2013 was performed. A case series of five patients with Down syndrome and cataracts is presented. A total of 47 patients with Down syndrome without cataracts were used as a developmental control...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680572/pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-the-usa-an-epidemiological-study-in-a-large-insured-pediatric-population
#7
Lin Li, Susan Jick, Stefanie Breitenstein, Gemzel Hernandez, Alexander Michel, David Vizcaya
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is rare in children and few data are available in a pediatric general population. This study aims to calculate the annual incidence and prevalence of PAH and to describe these children in a large US population of patients aged under 18 years. Using the US MarketScan claims database we identified 695 children with PAH in 2010-2013. We calculated annual incidence rates and prevalence overall, by age and PAH type (idiopathic and non-idiopathic) using Byar's method. We also described characteristics, co-morbidities, treatment patterns, and diagnostic procedures for these children...
March 2017: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678943/salivary-density-of-streptococcus-mutans-and-streptococcus-sobrinus-and-dental-caries-in-children-and-adolescents-with-down-syndrome
#8
Flávia Scalioni, Camila Carrada, Fernanda Machado, Karina Devito, Luiz Cláudio Ribeiro, Dionéia Cesar, Rosangela Ribeiro
Objective: To assess and compare dental caries experience and salivary S. mutans, S. sobrinus, and streptococci counts between groups of Down syndrome and non-Down syndrome children and adolescents. Material and Methods: This study included a sample of 30 Down syndrome children and adolescents (G-DS) and 30 age- and sex-matched non-Down syndrome subjects (G-ND). Dental caries experience was estimated by the number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth in the primary dentition and the permanent dentition...
May 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678091/prenatally-diagnosed-infant-aml
#9
Mary-Pat Schlosser, Shannon Bucking, Brigitte Lemyre, David Grynspan, Ruth Padmore, Donna Johnston
We report the first case of a fetus with acute myeloid leukemia, without Down syndrome, diagnosed in utero. A cordocentesis sample prepared to investigate hepatomegaly led to further evaluations revealing acute myeloid leukemia, monocytic type, in the fetus. Cytogenetic analysis showed mixed lineage leukemia duplication, no gene disruption or trisomy. Planned treatment included intrauterine exchange transfusion to extend gestation, low-dose chemotherapy at birth, and full chemotherapy once stable. Before any intervention, the child was delivered emergently for maternal condition and died 2 hours later...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677883/oral-sucking-habits-among-children-with-down-syndrome-and-cerebral-palsy
#10
Natália Cristina Ruy Carneiro, Luisa Ribeiro Monteiro, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Ana Cristina Borges-Oliveira
AIMS: Identify factors associated with the presence of oral sucking habits among children with Down syndrome (DS) and cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: The sample consisted of 181 children with DS or CP from two public healthcare institutions that treat children with special needs in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The children's mothers answered a questionnaire about the individual and behavioral characteristics and the medical history of their children. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais...
July 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676038/efficacy-and-safety-of-oral-sildenafil-in-children-with-down-syndrome-and-pulmonary-hypertension
#11
Maurice Beghetti, Andrzej Rudzinski, Min Zhang
BACKGROUND: Despite the increased risk for pulmonary hypertension in children with Down syndrome, the response to treatment with targeted therapies for pulmonary hypertension in these patients is not well characterized. The Sildenafil in Treatment-naive children, Aged 1-17 years, with pulmonary arterial hypertension (STARTS-1) trial was a dose-ranging study of the short-term efficacy and safety of oral sildenafil in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension. We assessed the safety and efficacy of oral sildenafil in children with Down syndrome and pulmonary arterial hypertension...
July 4, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662945/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-italian-children-with-down-syndrome-prevalence-and-correlation-with-obesity-related-features
#12
Diletta Valentini, Anna Alisi, Chiara di Camillo, Maria Rita Sartorelli, Annalisa Crudele, Andrea Bartuli, Valerio Nobili, Alberto Villani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of overweight/obesity in a cohort of Italian children with Down syndrome (DS) and to investigate the correlation of both obesity and DS with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). STUDY DESIGN: We enrolled 280 children with DS (age range 5-18 years), who were referred to the DS outpatient clinic of the Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital in Rome. For all children, we collected the clinical history and measured anthropometric variables...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654416/the-evaluation-of-a-personal-narrative-language-intervention-for-school-age-children-with-down-syndrome
#13
Lizbeth Finestack, Katy H O'Brien, Jolene Hyppa-Martin, Kristen A Lyrek
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of an intervention focused on improving personal narrative skills of school-age children with Down syndrome (DS) using an approach involving visual supports. Four females with DS, ages 10 through 15 years, participated in this multiple baseline across participants single-subject experimental design study. Participants completed 18 intervention sessions that targeted personal narrative goals. Parents completed a survey regarding their perspectives of the intervention...
July 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654414/handwriting-in-children-and-adults-with-down-syndrome-developmental-delay-or-specific-features
#14
Raphaele Tsao
While there is a long history and tradition of behavioral research on basic motor skills in Down syndrome (DS), there has been only limited research on handwriting ability. We analyzed the spatiotemporal features of handwriting produced by children and adults with DS (n = 24), and compared their productions with those of comparison groups matched for developmental (n = 24) or chronological (n = 24) age. Results indicated that the participants with DS performed an alphabet letter-writing task just as efficiently as the children of the same developmental age, in terms of the length, duration and speed of their handwriting, and the number and duration of their pauses...
July 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654411/a-multi-method-investigation-of-pragmatic-development-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome
#15
Michelle Lee, Lauren Bush, Gary E Martin, Jamie Barstein, Nell Maltman, Jessica Klusek, Molly Losh
This longitudinal study examined pragmatic language in boys and girls with Down syndrome (DS) at up to three time points, using parent report, standardized and direct assessments. We also explored relationships among theory of mind, executive function, nonverbal mental age, receptive and expressive vocabulary, grammatical complexity, and pragmatic competence. Controlling for cognitive and language abilities, children with DS demonstrated greater difficulty than younger typically developing controls on parent report and standardized assessments, but only girls with DS differed on direct assessments...
July 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653300/defining-the-incidence-and-associated-morbidity-and-mortality-of-severe-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-among-children-with-chronic-diseases
#16
REVIEW
Paolo Manzoni, Josep Figueras-Aloy, Eric A F Simões, Paul A Checchia, Brigitte Fauroux, Louis Bont, Bosco Paes, Xavier Carbonell-Estrany
INTRODUCTION: REGAL (RSV Evidence-a Geographical Archive of the Literature) has provided a comprehensive review of the published evidence in the field of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in Western countries over the last 20 years. This review covers the risk and burden of RSV infection in children with underlying medical conditions or chronic diseases (excluding prematurity and congenital heart disease). METHODS: A systematic review of publications between January 1, 1995 and December 31, 2015 across PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and Clinicaltrials...
June 26, 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649192/deleterious-effects-of-chronic-folate-deficiency-in-the-ts65dn-mouse-model-of-down-syndrome
#17
Susan Helm, Morgan Blayney, Taylor Whited, Mahjabin Noroozi, Sen Lin, Semira Kern, David Green, Ahmad Salehi
Folate is an important B vitamin naturally found in the human diet and plays a critical role in methylation of nucleic acids. Indeed, abnormalities in this major epigenetic mechanism play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of cognitive deficit and intellectual disability in humans. The most common cause of cognitive dysfunction in children is Down syndrome (DS). Since folate deficiency is very common among the pediatric population, we questioned whether chronic folate deficiency (CFD) exacerbates cognitive dysfunction in a mouse model of DS...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648597/genotype-phenotype-correlation-for-congenital-heart-disease-in-down-syndrome-through-analysis-of-partial-trisomy-21-cases
#18
Maria Chiara Pelleri, Elena Gennari, Chiara Locatelli, Allison Piovesan, Maria Caracausi, Francesca Antonaros, Alessandro Rocca, Costanza Maria Donati, Letizia Conti, Pierluigi Strippoli, Marco Seri, Lorenza Vitale, Guido Cocchi
Among Down syndrome (DS) children, 40-50% have congenital heart disease (CHD). Although trisomy 21 is not sufficient to cause CHD, three copies of at least part of chromosome 21 (Hsa21) increases the risk for CHD. In order to establish a genotype-phenotype correlation for CHD in DS, we built an integrated Hsa21 map of all described partial trisomy 21 (PT21) cases with sufficient indications regarding presence or absence of CHD (n=107), focusing on DS PT21 cases. We suggest a DS CHD candidate region on 21q22...
June 22, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646432/asynchronus-bilateral-ovarian-torsions-in-girls-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Maja Raicevic, Amulya Kumar Saxena
BACKGROUND: Bilateral ovarian torsions with complete loss of ovaries is devastating. This study analyzed the literature on bilateral ovarian torsions in girls to evaluate surgical options and outcomes. METHODS: Literature was searched on Pubmed® (1987-2014) using terms "bilateral", "adnexal", "ovary", "torsion" and "children". Data were collected on age, surgical preference, pathology and outcomes. RESULTS: Thirteen articles were identified, and 9 met the inclusion criteria (5 case reports, 4 original articles); and analyzed 17 girls (mean age: 8...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638720/negative-emotion-evoked-by-viewing-snakes-has-a-motivating-effect-on-cognitive-processing-in-human-children-with-or-without-intellectual-disability
#20
Nobuo Masataka
BACKGROUND: It is well known that prioritization of the processing of threatening stimuli generally induces deleterious effects on task performance. However, a study recently reported that emotion (possibly fear) evoked by viewing images of snakes exerts a facilitating effect upon making judgments of the images' color in neurotypical adults and schoolchildren. Here, the author has attempted to confirm the relevance of this notion in children with and without intellectual disability. METHODS: The author here compared the reaction time required to name the colors of snake and flower images between children with Down syndrome (DS) and mental age matched, typically-developing (TD) children...
June 2017: Brain and Behavior
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