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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328560/surgical-treatment-of-congenital-and-obligatory-dislocation-of-the-patella-in-children
#1
Ronen Sever, Michael Fishkin, Yoram Hemo, Shlomo Wientroub, Moshe Yaniv
BACKGROUND: Congenital (fixed) dislocations and obligatory (habitual) patellar dislocations represent a complex clinical and surgical challenge. Numerous treatment options, offering different perspectives, and surgical solutions are reported in the literature.We implemented the surgical technique principles, originally described by Stanisavljevic, for congenital (fixed) and obligatory (habitual) patellar dislocations, with slight modifications. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the results of group of 12 patients (15 knees), operated between the years 2002 and 2013...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327364/telomere-length-analysis-in-down-syndrome-birth
#2
Pranami Bhaumik, Mandar Bhattacharya, Priyanka Ghosh, Sujoy Ghosh, Subrata Kumar Dey
Human reproductive fitness depends upon telomere chemistry. Maternal age, meiotic nondisjunction error and telomere length of mother of trisomic child are someway associated. Reports exhibiting maternal inheritance of telomere length in Down syndrome child are very scanty. To investigate this, we collected peripheral blood from 170 mothers of Down syndrome child and 186 age matched mothers of euploid child with their newly born babies. Telomere length was measured by restriction digestion - southern blotting technique...
March 19, 2017: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322650/parental-feeding-behaviors-and-weight-related-concerns-in-children-with-special-needs
#3
Michele Polfuss, Pippa Simpson, Rachel Neff Greenley, Liyun Zhang, Kathleen J Sawin
Parental feeding behaviors and concern about child weight are associated with obesity among youth who are typically developing. Little is known about this relationship among parents of youth with special needs, despite these children having higher obesity risk. This study used an online survey to explore associations among parental feeding behaviors, parent weight concerns, demographics, and child weight status in a sample of 356 parents of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, spina bifida, and Down syndrome...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322457/declining-antibody-levels-after-hepatitis-b-vaccination-in-down-syndrome-a-need-for-booster-vaccination
#4
N B Eijsvoogel, M I Hollegien, L A Bok, A Derksen-Lubsen, F Dikken, A C A P Leenders, A Pijning, E Post, M Wojciechowski, M Hilbink, E de Vries
We determined the anti-HBs titer in 227 children of all ages with Down syndrome (DS). Only 48.1% (95% CI: 35.1-61.3) of the DS children aged 7-10 years and 31.9% (95% CI: 22.1-43.6) of the DS children aged >10 years had a protective anti-HBs titer (≥10 IU/l). The geometric mean anti-HBs titer was significantly lower in the DS children; this suggests booster vaccination for HBV may be needed. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320584/growth-charts-for-brazilian-children-with-down-syndrome-birth-to-20-years-of-age
#5
Fabio Bertapelli, Stamatis Agiovlasitis, Maira Rossmann Machado, Raísa do Val Roso, Gil Guerra-Junior
BACKGROUND: The growth of youth with Down syndrome (DS) differs from that of youth without DS, and growth charts specific to DS have been developed. However, little is known about the growth of Brazilian youth with DS. The objective of this study was to construct growth charts for Brazilian youth with DS and compare the growth data with the Child Growth Standards of the World Health Organization (WHO) and charts for children with DS from other studies. METHODS: Mixed longitudinal and cross-sectional data were collected at University of Campinas, 48 specialized centers for people with intellectual disabilities, and two foundations for people with DS between 2012 and 2015...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289641/motor-and-cognitive-developmental-profiles-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#6
Hyo In Kim, Seong Woo Kim, Jiyong Kim, Ha Ra Jeon, Da Wa Jung
OBJECTIVE: To investigate motor and cognitive developmental profiles and to evaluate the correlation between two developmental areas and assess the influencing factors of the developmental process in children with Down syndrome (DS). METHODS: Seventy-eight children with DS participated in this study. The medical history was taken and motoric milestone achievements recorded. The Korean Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (K-WPPSI) and Bayley Scales of Infant Development-II (BSID-II) were administered...
February 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264988/maltreatment-risk-among-children-with-disabilities
#7
Miriam J Maclean, Scott Sims, Carol Bower, Helen Leonard, Fiona J Stanley, Melissa O'Donnell
BACKGROUND: Children with disabilities are at increased risk of child maltreatment; however, there is a gap in the evidence about whether all disabilities are at equal risk and whether risk factors vary according to the type of disability. METHODS: A population-based record-linkage study of all children born in Western Australia between 1990 and 2010. Children with disabilities were identified by using population-based registers and risk of maltreatment determined by allegations reported to the Department for Child Protection and Family Support...
March 6, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263433/salivary-secretory-iga-concentration-and-dental-caries-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#8
Lina N Hashizume, Carolina Schwertner, Maurício José Santos Moreira, Adriana Simon Coitinho, Lavinia Schuler Faccini
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between salivary secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) concentration and dental caries in children with Down syndrome (DS) and compare it with findings in non-DS children. METHODS: The sample comprised 61 DS children and 52 non-DS children, aged 6 to 14 years. Caries experience, plaque index (PI), and gingival bleeding index (GBI) were recorded. Saliva samples were collected from all children. Total salivary sIgA concentrations were determined using an enzymatic assay method...
March 6, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261902/estimates-of-live-birth-prevalence-of-children-with-down-syndrome-in-the-period-1991-2015-in-the-netherlands
#9
G de Graaf, J J M Engelen, A C J Gijsbers, R Hochstenbach, M J V Hoffer, A J A Kooper, B Sikkema-Raddatz, M I Srebniak, A M F van der Kevie-Kersemaekers, L J C M van Zutven, E Voorhoeve
BACKGROUND: In Western countries, increasing maternal age has led to more pregnancies with a child with Down syndrome (DS). However, prenatal screening programs, diagnostic testing and termination of pregnancy influence the actual DS live birth (LB) prevalence as well. The aim of this study is to examine these factors in the Netherlands for the period 1991-2015. In our study, we establish a baseline for DS LB prevalence before non-invasive prenatal testing will be made available to all pregnant women in the Netherlands in 2017...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260623/visuo-spatial-knowledge-acquisition-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome-the-role-of-descriptions-and-sketch-maps
#10
Chiara Meneghetti, Silvia Lanfranchi, Barbara Carretti, Enrico Toffalini
Few studies on individuals with Down syndrome (DS) have explored how they learn space. The present study examines space learning from verbal descriptions in individuals with DS, and explores the role of external cues (such as a sketch map). Twenty-eight individuals with DS and 28 matched typically-developing (TD) children listened to route or survey descriptions with or without seeing a corresponding sketch map (Description+Sketch Map [D+SM] and Description alone [D], respectively). After hearing each description, they performed tasks that involved recognizing, arranging sequentially, and locating landmarks...
March 2, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259924/mutational-spectrum-of-cenp-b-box-and-%C3%AE-satellite-dna-on-chromosome-21-in-down-syndrome-children
#11
Qian Chen, Bin Tan, Jun-Lin He, Xue-Qing Liu, Xue-Mei Chen, Ru-Fei Gao, Jing Zhu, Ying-Xiong Wang, Hong-Bo Qi
The centromere is responsible for the correct inheritance of eukaryotic chromosomes during cell division. Centromere protein B (CENP‑B) and its 17 base pair binding site (CENP‑B box), which appears at regular intervals in centromeric α-satellite DNA (α-satDNA), are important for the assembly of the centromere components. Therefore, it is conceivable that CENP-B box mutations may induce errors in cell division. However, the association between the deoxynucleotide alterations of the CENP‑B box and the extra chromosome 21 (Chr21) present in patients with Down syndrome (DS) remains to be elucidated...
February 24, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259872/characterization-of-thyroid-abnormalities-in-a-large-cohort-of-children-with-down-syndrome%C3%A2
#12
Melinda J Pierce, Stephen H LaFranchi, Joseph D Pinter
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Thyroid disease is a common comorbidity in individuals with Down syndrome (DS), but historical studies have multiple limitations. We assessed thyroid abnormalities in a large cohort of children with DS. METHODS: Retrospective records review from a single institution. Calculated prevalence of common thyroid abnormalities and associations with common comorbidities. RESULTS: Among 508 patients, 120 (24%) had a thyroid-related diagnosis, the majority having elevated thyrotropin treated with levothyroxine...
March 3, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258854/-analysis-of-prenatal-follow-up-strategies-for-trisomy-21-affected-pregnancies-in-france
#13
J-M Dupont, B Simon-Bouy, A Zebina, F Pessione, D Royère, M Doco-Fenzy
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to screen the prenatal follow-up of women with live birth trisomy 21 child in order to evaluate the proportion of prenatal screening failure versus cases where the women refused either the screening or the prenatal diagnosis of Down syndrome. This study covers the period of time from 2009 to 2012 when the national prenatal screening policy changed from second to first trimester and allows for a comparative assessment of the nationwide efficiency of the various maternal serum marker based strategies...
February 28, 2017: Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257244/emotion-recognition-in-children-with-down-syndrome-influence-of-emotion-label-and-expression-intensity
#14
Katie R Cebula, Jennifer G Wishart, Diane S Willis, Tom K Pitcairn
Some children with Down syndrome may experience difficulties in recognizing facial emotions, particularly fear, but it is not clear why, nor how such skills can best be facilitated. Using a photo-matching task, emotion recognition was tested in children with Down syndrome, children with nonspecific intellectual disability and cognitively matched, typically developing children (all groups N = 21) under four conditions: veridical vs. exaggerated emotions and emotion-labelling vs. generic task instructions. In all groups, exaggerating emotions facilitated recognition accuracy and speed, with emotion labelling facilitating recognition accuracy...
March 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256815/critically-ill-children-with-down-syndrome-the-associated-risk-for-cardiac-arrest-and-subsequent-mortality
#15
Claudio Sandroni, Sonia D'Arrigo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236089/response-abilities-of-children-with-down-syndrome-and-other-intellectual-developmental-disorders
#16
Pratiksha Tilak Rao, Vasudeva Guddattu, John Michael Solomon
Efficiency with which a task is performed results from the precise timing and force with which the task is executed. We aimed at assessing the influence of change in task constructs on the response abilities of children who are known to have impaired perceptual motor control. To answer this question, we assessed the response abilities in terms of response time(RT) and response force(RF) among children with Down Syndrome(DS), intellectual developmental disorders(IDD) and those who are typically developing. A response analyzer was used to assess their response abilities across a variety of task constructs namely while performing a simple response task, dual task (i...
February 24, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230293/influence-of-complex-childhood-diseases-on-variation-in-growth-and-skeletal-development
#17
REVIEW
Babette S Zemel
The study of human growth and skeletal development by human biologists is framed by the larger theoretical concerns regarding the underpinnings of population variation and human evolution. This unique perspective is directly relevant to the assessment of child health and well-being at the individual and group level, as well as the construction of growth charts. Environmental, behavioral (nutrition and physical activity), and disease-related factors can prevent attainment of full genetic potential for growth...
February 23, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229031/characterization-of-sleep-architecture-in-down-syndrome-patients-pre-and-post-airway-surgery
#18
Mark Mims, Prasad John Thottam, Dennis Kitsko, Amber Shaffer, Sukgi Choi
OBJECTIVES: To define obstructive sleep architecture patterns in Down syndrome (DS) children as well as changes to sleep architecture patterns postoperatively. STUDY DESIGN: The study was a retrospective review. METHODS: Forty-five pediatric DS patients who underwent airway surgery between 2003 and 2014 at a tertiary children's hospital for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) were investigated. Postoperative changes in respiratory parameters and sleep architecture (SA) were assessed and compared to general pediatric normative data using paired t-tests and Wilcoxon signed-rank test...
January 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218875/balance-and-coordination-capacities-of-male-children-and-adolescents-with-intellectual-disability
#19
Ken Pitetti, Ruth Ann Miller, Michael Loovis
Children and adolescents with intellectual disability (ID) exhibit a mixture of cognitive, motor, and psychosocial limitation. Identifying specific inadequacies in motor proficiency in youth with ID would improve therapeutic management to enhance functional capacity and health-related physical activity. The purpose of this study was to initiate descriptive data collection of gross motor skills of youth with ID and compare those skills with competency norms. The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOT-2) was used to measure 6 items for balance (BAL), 5 items for upper limb coordination (ULC), and 6 items for bilateral coordination (BLC) of 123 males (ages 8-18) with ID but without Down syndrome...
January 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210057/a-comparison-of-the-balance-and-gait-function-between-children-with-down-syndrome-and-typically-developing-children
#20
Hee-Kyoung Jung, EunJung Chung, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the balance and gait functions of children with Down syndrome and typically developing children according to age. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 16 children with Down syndrome and 20 children with typical development. The one leg standing test, Romberg's test (open eyes/closed eyes), sharpened Romberg's (open eyes/closed eyes), functional reaching test and GAITRite were used for this study in order to measure the children's balance and gait function...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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