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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793102/joint-attention-in-down-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Laura J Hahn, Susan J Loveall, Madison T Savoy, Allie M Neumann, Toshikazu Ikuta
BACKGROUND: Some studies have indicated that joint attention may be a relative strength in Down syndrome (DS), but other studies have not. AIM: To conduct a meta-analysis of joint attention in DS to more conclusively determine if this is a relative strength or weakness when compared to children with typical development (TD), developmental disabilities (DD), and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Journal articles published before September 13, 2016, were identified by using the search terms "Down syndrome" and "joint attention" or "coordinating attention"...
May 21, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791717/termination-of-pregnancy-following-a-prenatal-diagnosis-of-down-syndrome-a-qualitative-study-of-the-decision-making-process-of-pregnant-couples
#2
Stina Lou, Kathrine Carstensen, Olav Bjørn Petersen, Camilla Palmhøj Nielsen, Lone Hvidman, Maja Retpen Lanther, Ida Vogel
In Denmark, first trimester screening has a very high uptake (>90%). If Down syndrome is diagnosed, termination rates are high (>95%). The aim of this study was to investigate the timing of the decision of termination of pregnancy following a Down syndrome diagnosis and the factors influencing this decision MATERIAL AND METHODS: Semi-structured, qualitative interview study with 21 couples who had received a prenatal diagnosis of Down syndrome and decided to terminate the pregnancy. Participants were recruited from obstetric departments between February 2016 and July 2017...
May 23, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789029/pediatric-brain-development-in-down-syndrome-a-field-in-its-infancy
#3
Taralee Hamner, Manisha D Udhnani, Karol Z Osipowicz, Nancy Raitano Lee
OBJECTIVES: As surprisingly little is known about the developing brain studied in vivo in youth with Down syndrome (DS), the current review summarizes the small DS pediatric structural neuroimaging literature and begins to contextualize existing research within a developmental framework. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was completed, effect sizes from published studies were reviewed, and results are presented with respect to the DS cognitive behavioral phenotype and typical brain development...
May 23, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788530/need-for-long-term-care-in-children-is-increasingly-caused-by-disorders-of-psychological-development-changes-in-the-care-causing-diagnoses-according-to-german-social-code-sgb-xi-between-2009-2014
#4
Julia Christiane Beck-Ripp, Holger Dressel
AIM OF THE STUDY: There is an ongoing discussion on the increasing number of children with mental and developmental disorders, with some even needing long-term care according to the German Social Code XI. This study was performed to identify the main diagnoses justifying such care in children and to analyse their prevalence over time. METHODS: The diagnoses justifying long-term care were evaluated using care assessments of Bavarian children and adolescents between 2009 to 2014 by the medical service of statutory health insurance...
May 22, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780346/response-inhibition-and-interference-suppression-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome-compared-to-typically-developing-children
#5
Laura Traverso, Martina Fontana, Maria Carmen Usai, Maria C Passolunghi
The present study aims to investigate inhibition in individuals with Down Syndrome compared to typically developing children with different inhibitory tasks tapping response inhibition and interference suppression. Previous studies that aimed to investigate inhibition in individuals with Down Syndrome reported contradictory results that are difficult to compare given the different types of inhibitory tasks used and the lack of reference to a theoretical model of inhibition that was tested in children (see Bunge et al...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761882/the-prevalence-of-obesity-in-children-and-young-people-with-down-syndrome
#6
Muireann O' Shea, Carol O' Shea, Louise Gibson, Jennifer Leo, Catherine Carty
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity is a growing concern among individuals with intellectual disabilities; however, little is known about the prevalence among children and youth with Down syndrome (CYDS). The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight/obesity among CYDS in South West Ireland. METHODS: This cross-sectional study measured height and weight of 61 CYDS aged 4-16 years. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and percentage body fat (PBF) was measured using bio-electrical impendence analysis (BIA)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760010/home-oximetry-to-screen-for-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-down-syndrome
#7
Catherine M Hill, Heather E Elphick, Michael Farquhar, Paul Gringras, Ruth M Pickering, Ruth N Kingshott, Jane Martin, Janine Reynolds, Anna Joyce, Johanna C Gavlak, Hazel J Evans
OBJECTIVE: Children with Down syndrome are at high risk of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and screening is recommended. Diagnosis of OSA should be confirmed with multichannel sleep studies. We aimed to determine whether home pulse oximetry (HPO) discriminates children at high risk of OSA, who need further diagnostic multichannel sleep studies. DESIGN: Cross-sectional prospective study in a training sample recruited through three UK centres. Validation sample used single-centre retrospective analysis of clinical data...
May 14, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759551/genomics-and-pharmacogenomics-of-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#8
REVIEW
Chuan Wu, Wei Li
Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is a prevalent form of pediatric cancer that accounts for 70-80% of all leukemias. Genome-based analysis, exome sequencing, transcriptomics and proteomics have provided insight into genetic classification of ALL and helped identify novel subtypes of the disease. B and T cell-based ALL are two well-characterized genomic subtypes, significantly marked by bone marrow disorders, along with mutations in trisomy 21 and T53. The other ALLs include Early T-cell precursor ALL, Philadelphia chromosome-like ALL, Down syndrome-associated ALL and Relapsed ALL...
June 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753920/projected-number-of-children-with-isolated-spina-bifida-or-down-syndrome-in-england-and-wales-by-2020
#9
Kate E Best, Svetlana V Glinianaia, Raghu Lingam, Joan K Morris, Judith Rankin
Children with major congenital anomalies often require lifelong access to health and social care services. Estimating future numbers of affected individuals can aid health and social care planning. This study aimed to estimate the number of children aged 0-15 years living with spina bifida or Down syndrome in England and Wales by 2020. Cases of spina bifida and Down syndrome born during 1998-2013 were identified from the Northern Congenital Abnormality Survey and the National Down Syndrome Cytogenetic Register, respectively...
May 10, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751828/augmentative-and-alternative-communication-in-children-with-down-s-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#10
Renata Thaís de Almeida Barbosa, Acary Souza Bulle de Oliveira, Jennifer Yohanna Ferreira de Lima Antão, Tânia Brusque Crocetta, Regiani Guarnieri, Thaiany Pedrozo Campos Antunes, Claudia Arab, Thaís Massetti, Italla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
BACKGROUND: The use of technology to assist in the communication, socialization, language, and motor skills of children with Down's syndrome (DS) is required. The aim of this study was to analyse research findings regarding the different instruments of 'augmentative and alternative communication' used in children with Down's syndrome. METHODS: This is a systematic review of published articles available on PubMed, Web of Science, PsycInfo, and BVS using the following descriptors: assistive technology AND syndrome, assistive technology AND down syndrome, down syndrome AND augmentative and alternative communication...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751747/a-fatal-case-associated-with-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-in-a-young-child
#11
Lili Xu, Hengmiao Gao, Jiansheng Zeng, Jun Liu, Cong Lu, Xiaolei Guan, Suyun Qian, Zhengde Xie
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common viral cause of pediatric bronchiolitis and pneumonia worldwide. Risk factors for high mortality and prolonged morbidity after RSV infection include premature birth, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, congenital heart disease, and Down syndrome. However, some previously healthy, full-term children who are infected with RSV also require hospitalization and even experience severe sequelae or death. CASE PRESENTATION: In this report, we present the case of an RSV-associated death of a child who was born at full-term and developed normally up to the age of 2 years old...
May 11, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750745/successful-treatment-of-osteosarcoma-without-methotrexate-in-a-13-year-old-boy-with-down-syndrome
#12
Emma Sims, Audrey Nath, Aaron Sugalski
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone tumor in children, and only 1 article in the literature describes a case of osteosarcoma in a patient with Down syndrome. Although osteosarcoma is generally treated with chemotherapy regimens that include high-dose methotrexate, patients with Down syndrome have heightened sensitivity to the toxicities of methotrexate. The patient from the aforementioned case study died from sepsis soon after treatment with high-dose methotrexate. This case report describes the successful treatment of osteosarcoma in a pediatric patient with Down syndrome without methotrexate...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750627/the-need-of-interdisciplinary-approach-for-the-treatment-of-children-with-down-syndrome-with-severe-caries-unintentionally-facilitated-by-hypotonia-therapy
#13
Enrique Bimstein, Camilla Miskovich
This manuscript describes a case of a 4-year-old child with Down syndrome involving hypotonia in which the use of sweets to induce oral muscular function contributed to the need to extract all the primary teeth due to extensive caries. The need for interdisciplinary education and practice targeted to the treatment of children with special health care needs is emphasized.
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734982/prevalence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-down-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#14
Chia-Fan Lee, Chia-Hsuan Lee, Wan-Yi Hsueh, Ming-Tzer Lin, Kun-Tai Kang
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children with Down syndrome. METHODS: Two authors independently searched databases, namely PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Review database. The keywords used were "Down syndrome," "Trisomy 21," "OSA," "sleep apnea syndromes," "polysomnography" and "polygraphy." The prevalence of OSA based on apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) greater than 1, 1...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721197/backtracked-analysis-of-preleukemic-fusion-genes-and-dna-repair-foci-in-umbilical-cord-blood-of-children-with-acute-leukemia
#15
Milan Škorvaga, Matúš Durdík, Pavol Košík, Eva Marková, Marek Holop, Miroslav Kubeš, Judita Puškáčová, Alexandra Kolenová, Igor Belyaev
The first event in origination of many childhood leukemias is a specific preleukemic fusion gene (PFG) that arises, often in utero, in hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPC) from misrepaired DNA double strand break (DSB). An immanently elevated level of DSB and impaired apoptosis may contribute to origination and persistence of PFG and donor cell-derived leukemia in recipients of allogeneic transplantation of umbilical cord blood (UCB). We investigated DSB, apoptosis and PFG in the backtracked UCB cells of leukemic patients...
April 10, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709722/transitioning-from-level-surface-to-stairs-in-children-with-and-without-down-syndrome-locomotor-adjustments-during-stair-ascent
#16
Huaqing Liang, Xiang Ke, Jianhua Wu
BACKGROUND: Children with Down syndrome (DS) often show underdeveloped motor ability and adaptation. Stair ascent is a common task to examine locomotor function and external ankle load is often used to perturb the stability of a system and observe the emergence of new patterns. RESEARCH QUESTION: How do stair height and external ankle load affect locomotor adjustments in 5-to-11-year-old children with typical development (TD) and with DS during stair ascent? METHODS: Fourteen children with DS and 14 age- and sex-matched children with TD participated in this study...
April 22, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705521/vertical-stiffness-and-balance-control-of-two-legged-hopping-in-place-in-children-with-and-without-down-syndrome
#17
Matthew Beerse, Jianhua Wu
BACKGROUND: Children with Down syndrome (DS) are known for their reduced balance control, and typically take longer to develop motor skills and display less coordinated movement patterns. Hopping in-place is a gross motor skill requiring whole-body vertical stiffness and horizontal movement control, particularly when attempting to modify hopping frequency. However, there is a lack of knowledge of the hopping capacity of children with DS. RESEARCH QUESTION: The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of children with DS aged 5-11 years old to continuously hop in-place on two legs and compare their biomechanical patterns to those of typically developing (TD) children...
April 22, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696706/impact-of-sleep-on-executive-functioning-in-school-age-children-with-down-syndrome
#18
A J Esbensen, E K Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems have an impact on executive functioning in the general population. While children with Down syndrome (DS) are at high risk for sleep problems, the impact of these sleep problems on executive functioning in school-age children with DS is less well documented. Our study examined the relationship between parent-reported and actigraphy-measured sleep duration and sleep quality with parent and teacher reports and neuropsychology assessments of executive functioning among school-age children with DS...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696048/a-comparison-of-emotional-behavioral-problems-of-siblings-at-the-age-range-of-3-9-year-old-children-with-autism-and-down-syndrome
#19
Nahid Pourbagheri, Navid Mirzakhani, Alireza Akbarzadehbaghban
Objective: Children's emotional-behavioral problems will have a huge impact on their future. Such problems are more seen in the siblings of children with special needs. The present study aimed to compare emotional-behavioral problems in the healthy siblings of autistic children with the healthy siblings of children with Down syndrome in order to identify such children in Iran. Materials & Methods: This descriptive study was carried out in Tehran, Iran in 2016 on 174 healthy children aged between 3 and 9 yr old among whom 58 cases had autistic siblings, 58 cases had siblings with Down syndrome, and 58 cases had typically development siblings...
2018: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695762/prevalence-of-under-and-over-weight-in-children-with-neurodisability-using-body-composition-measures
#20
Stefanie Zhao Lin Lip, Anna Chillingworth, Charlotte M Wright
We aimed to compare rates of under and overweight in children with different neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) by measuring weight, height/length, arm-to-leg bioelectrical impedance (BIA) and subscapular and triceps skinfolds in 146 children aged 4-16 years attending special schools. Z scores were calculated and skinfolds and lean mass Z scores were further adjusted for height. Underweight was found in 9% (14) children (body mass index (BMI) < 2nd) but only 3% (4) had skinfolds <5th centile. Overweight was much commoner, with 41% (58) children having BMI > 95th and 20% (14) had skinfolds >95th centile...
April 26, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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