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Hanna Jangö, Jens Langhoff-Roos, Susanne Rosthøj, Abelone Sakse
BACKGROUND: Anal incontinence is a major concern following delivery with obstetric anal sphincter injury and has been related to the degree of sphincter tear. OBJECTIVES: To 1) evaluate whether women with a fourth degree obstetric anal sphincter injury in the first delivery have an increased risk of long-term anal- and fecal incontinence after a second delivery and 2) assess the impact of mode of second delivery on anal incontinence and related symptoms in these patients...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Mohammad Saeed
Objective Assimilation of SNPs Interacting in Synchrony (OASIS) is a locus-based clustering algorithm recently described that can potentially address false positives and negatives in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of complex disorders. Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is incompletely understood due to a paucity of genes identified despite several GWAS. OASIS was applied to three DN dbGAP GWAS datasets (4725 subjects; 1.06 million SNPs). OASIS identified 19 DN genes which were verified using single variant replication in a standard association study and gene-based analysis using GATES...
November 16, 2017: Immunogenetics
Miroslav Brumovský, Jitka Bečanová, Pavlína Karásková, Luca Nizzetto
Some per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have been detected ubiquitously in the environment. Owing to the polar character conferred by the presence of the carboxylic or sulfonic acid groups and their resistance to degradation, aquatic environments became their major reservoirs, including marine waters. The procedure of PFAS analysis in aqueous matrices consists usually of solid-phase extraction (SPE) followed by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. Moreover, passive sampling approach using various SPE sorbents may be applied...
November 7, 2017: Chemosphere
Benedicte Lescrauwaet, Luc Duchateau, Thomas Verstraeten, Timothy L Jackson
Purpose: To assess the effect of ocriplasmin on visual function response (VFR) measured using visual acuity (VA) and vision-related quality of life, and to quantify the association between release of vitreomacular adhesion (VMA) at day 28 and VFR. Methods: Prespecified analysis of secondary endpoints from a randomized controlled trial. Of 220 participants with symptomatic VMA/vitreomacular traction (VMT), including VMT associated with a macular hole up to 400 μm, 146 received a single intravitreal injection of 125 μg ocriplasmin and 74 a sham injection...
November 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Enrique Martínez-Carranza, Gabriel Y Ponce-Soto, Alma L Díaz-Pérez, Erasmo Cadenas, Valeria Souza, Jesús Campos-García
The Cuatro Ciénegas Basin (CCB) within the Chihuahuan Desert in México is an extremely oligotrophic oasis with negligible phosphorous levels, described as a hot spot of biodiversity, not only in stromatolites and microbial mats, but also in living forms in general. The microorganisms possess the capability to produce a wide variety of virulence factors, antibiotics, and quorum-sensing (QS) crosstalk signals such as non-ribosomal cyclodipeptides (CDPs) which enables them to colonize diverse ecological niches...
November 11, 2017: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
Frederick Hives, Kenny A Karyadi, Steve Nitch, Dominique Kinney
OBJECTIVE: As the number of older adults in the United States continues to grow, the population of older adults with severe mental illness in institutional settings (OASIS) is expected to place a significant demand on healthcare resources. This study presents an update to research regarding the clinical characteristics of OASIS inpatients with histories of extensive hospitalization through the use of a newly developed psychiatric measure: the Clinician-Rated Dimension of Psychosis Symptom Severity...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Luca Campone, Anna Lisa Piccinelli, Rita Celano, Imma Pagano, Mariateresa Russo, Luca Rastrelli
This study reports a fast and automated analytical procedure based on an on-line SPE-HPLC-MS/MS method for the automatic pre-concentration, clean up and sensitive determination of OTA in wine. The amount of OTA contained in 100μL of sample (pH≅5.5) was retained and concentrated on an Oasis MAX SPE cartridge. After a washing step to remove matrix interferents, the analyte was eluted in back-flush mode and the eluent from the SPE column was diluted through a mixing Tee, using an aqueous solution before the chromatographic separation achieved on a monolithic column...
April 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Matthias Bossard, Christopher B Granger, Jean-Francois Tanguay, Gilles Montalescot, David P Faxon, Sanjit S Jolly, Petr Widimsky, Kari Niemela, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Madhu K Natarajan, Peggy Gao, Keith A A Fox, Salim Yusuf, Shamir R Mehta
BACKGROUND: Prior Studies have suggested better outcomes in smokers compared with nonsmokers receiving clopidogrel ("smoker's paradox"). The impact of a more intensive clopidogrel regimen on ischemic and bleeding risks in smokers with acute coronary syndromes requiring percutaneous coronary interventions remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed 17 263 acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention from the CURRENT-OASIS 7 (Clopidogrel and Aspirin Optimal Dose Usage to Reduce Recurrent Events-Seventh Organization to Assess Strategies in Ischemic Symptoms) trial, which compared double-dose (600 mg day 1;150 mg days 2-7; then 75 mg daily) versus standard-dose (300 mg day 1; then 75 mg daily) clopidogrel in acute coronary syndrome patients...
November 3, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
Marjeta Česen, Kaja Lenarčič, Vesna Mislej, Meta Levstek, Ana Kovačič, Bernardka Cimrmančič, Nataša Uranjek, Tina Kosjek, David Heath, Marija Sollner Dolenc, Ester Heath
This study reports the occurrence of eight bisphenols (BPs): bisphenol AF (BPAF), bisphenol AP (BPAP), bisphenol B (BPB), bisphenol C (BPC), bisphenol E (BPE), bisphenol F (BPF), bisphenol S (BPS) and bisphenol Z (BPZ) in wastewaters (WWs). Sample preparation involved pre-concentration with SPE cartridges (Oasis HLB), followed by derivatization using N-(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)-N-methyltrifluoroacetamide with 1% tert-butyldimethylchlorosilane. Chemical analysis was based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
October 30, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Yan Yan, Shuang Zhang, Guan-Jun Tao, Feng-Hui You, Jie Chen, Mao-Mao Zeng
This study proposed a simple and accurate acetonitrile extraction pretreatment method coupled with ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry for the simultaneous determination of 17 heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAAs) in meat products. With this new method, all 17 HAAs, including 11 polar and 6 nonpolarHAAs, were simultaneously extracted by acetonitrile and purified by one-step Oasis MCX cartridge purification. Compared with two different improved reference methods, the acetonitrile method could obtain higher recoveries (in the range of 42...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Saruar Alam, Goo-Rak Kwon, Ji-In Kim, Chun-Su Park
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a leading cause of dementia, which causes serious health and socioeconomic problems. A progressive neurodegenerative disorder, Alzheimer's causes the structural change in the brain, thereby affecting behavior, cognition, emotions, and memory. Numerous multivariate analysis algorithms have been used for classifying AD, distinguishing it from healthy controls (HC). Efficient early classification of AD and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) from HC is imperative as early preventive care could help to mitigate risk factors...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Yuhui Zhou, Zhenling Zeng, Jingxian Yu, Rong Liu, Lihua Pan, Qiuyu Zhong, Hong Chen
A method for the simultaneous determination of trypanocidal diminazene aceturate (DIM) and isometamidium chloride (ISM) that containing benzamidine groups in cattle tissues was developed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with solid-phase extraction (SPE). The tissue samples were extracted with different proportions of water-acetonitrile, then were cleaned up by Oasis WCX cartridges. DIM and ISM were separated by HPLC with a Spherisorb CN column (250 mm×4.6 mm, 5 μm). Acetonitrile-0.05 mol/L ammonium formate solution (pH 2...
September 8, 2017: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
Huan Yun, Xin Liu, Jie Cui, Jing Yang, Ying Liu
A method for screening of acidity regulators in dairy based on ion chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry technology (IC-HRMS) was set up. The dairy samples were extracted by KOH (pH 7-8) and Oasis MAX SPE column, and separated by a Dionex IonPac AS11-HC column (250 mm×4 mm). All the acidity regulators were detected by Orbitrap full scan mode. Taking six organic acids as an example, the calibration curves showed good linearities in the range of 0.05-5.00 mg/L, and the correlation coefficients (r) were higher than 0...
August 8, 2017: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
Shiyan Li, Yang Wang, Dingnan Wang, Hongxi Wu, Xueyan Ding, Yiwei Cui, Qing Shen
An analytical method was developed for the simultaneous and rapid determination of seven microcystins in fish meat by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) coupled with pass-through solid phase extraction (SPE). The samples were extracted with methanol-water (90:10, v/v) after heat treatment by water bath at 80℃, and then cleaned up with an Oasis PRiME HLB pass-through SPE column. The samples were analyzed directly on a Waters XSelect HSS T3 column using 0.1% (v/v) aqueous formic acid and acidified acetonitrile (0...
August 8, 2017: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
Man-Yung Cheuk, Yun-Chuen Lo, Wing-Tat Poon
The measurement of urine catecholamine and metanephrine concentrations is important for biochemical screening and diagnosis of pheochromocytoma. The goal of this work was to develop a simple liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for determining catecholamines and metanephrines in urine to replace an existing liquid chromatographic method using electrochemical detection. Urine samples were prepared using Oasis weak-cation-exchange cartridges. The eluate was analyzed on an Agilent ZORBAX Eclipse Plus Phenyl-Hexyl column in 3 min...
October 8, 2017: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
Misha Sra, Sergio Garrido-Jurado, Pattie Maes
We present Oasis, a novel system for automatically generating immersive and interactive virtual reality environments for single and multiuser experiences. Oasis enables real-walking in the generated virtual environment by capturing indoor scenes in 3D and mapping walkable areas. It makes use of available depth information for recognizing objects in the real environment which are paired with virtual counterparts to leverage the physicality of the real world, for a more immersive virtual experience. Oasis allows co-located and remotely located users to interact seamlessly and walk naturally in a shared virtual environment...
October 13, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
N Fontanals, R M Marcé, F Borrull
Synthetic cathinones have become popular in recent years, which would explain why their determination in influent sewage samples has already been documented. In the present study a method based on solid-phase extraction followed by liquid chromatography and high resolution mass spectrometry is developed, validated and applied to determine twelve cathinones and one of their metabolites in different environmental samples including influent and effluent sewage and river water. Two cation-exchange sorbents (Oasis MCX and Oasis WCX) were compared, with better results achieved with Oasis WCX in terms of apparent recoveries (70-100%) and matrix effects (lower than -34%)...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Jakob Gustavsson, Lutz Ahrens, Minh A Nguyen, Sarah Josefsson, Dan Berggren Kleja, Karin Wiberg
The influence of natural organic matter (NOM) on the solid-phase extraction (SPE) efficiency was investigated for legacy and emerging flame retardants (FRs; n=26) in surface water. Three different groups of FRs were analyzed: polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), halogenated flame retardants (HFRs), and organophosphorus flame retardants (OPFRs). In addition, five sorbents (Amberlite XAD-2, Amberlite IRA-743, Oasis HLB, Chromabond HR-P, and Chromabond HR-X) were evaluated for the extraction of FRs (n=33) in water, of which Oasis HLB eluted with dichloromethane and acetone:n-hexane (1:1, v/v) provided the highest overall recoveries...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Nathan M Muncy, Ariana M Hedges-Muncy, C Brock Kirwan
Pre-processing MRI scans prior to performing volumetric analyses is common practice in MRI studies. As pre-processing steps adjust the voxel intensities, the space in which the scan exists, and the amount of data in the scan, it is possible that the steps have an effect on the volumetric output. To date, studies have compared between and not within pipelines, and so the impact of each step is unknown. This study aims to quantify the effects of pre-processing steps on volumetric measures in T1-weighted scans within a single pipeline...
2017: PloS One
Joanne H Lee, Helen Mi, Rachel Lim, Su Ling Ho, Wee Kiak Lim, Stephen C Teoh, Rupesh Agrawal
PURPOSE: To report the pattern of posterior and panuveitis at a tertiary referral center in Singapore. METHODS: Subgroup retrospective analysis of 334 new posterior and panuveitis cases, from the Ocular Autoimmune Systemic Inflammatory Infectious Study (OASIS) database. Descriptive analysis was performed and visual outcome and complications were reported. RESULTS: The etiology for posterior uveitis and panuveitis was infectious in 162 patients (48...
October 9, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
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