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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061422/can-we-predict-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury
#1
Kristina Drusany Starič, Petra Bukovec, Katja Jakopič, Eftim Zdravevski, Vladimir Trajkovik, Adolf Lukanović
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify primiparous pregnant women with a higher risk for obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) based on obstetric characteristics (risk factors). STUDY DESIGN: In the retrospective case control study primiparous women were examined using endoanal ultrasonography (EUS) for OASIS identification 6-12 weeks after delivery. Obstetric characteristics for OASIS were collected from the mothers' medical records. The univariate analysis of maternal (age at delivery, maternal height, weight, BMI), infant (length, weight and head circumference) and birth (pregnancy duration, labour and delivery duration, episiotomy, vacuum extraction and oxytocin augmentation) risk factors, Pearson correlations and information gain were carried out...
December 23, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054131/global-and-regional-annual-brain-volume-loss-rates-in-physiological-aging
#2
Sven Schippling, Ann-Christin Ostwaldt, Per Suppa, Lothar Spies, Praveena Manogaran, Carola Gocke, Hans-Jürgen Huppertz, Roland Opfer
The objective is to estimate average global and regional percentage brain volume loss per year (BVL/year) of the physiologically ageing brain. Two independent, cross-sectional single scanner cohorts of healthy subjects were included. The first cohort (n = 248) was acquired at the Medical Prevention Center (MPCH) in Hamburg, Germany. The second cohort (n = 316) was taken from the Open Access Series of Imaging Studies (OASIS). Brain parenchyma (BP), grey matter (GM), white matter (WM), corpus callosum (CC), and thalamus volumes were calculated...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045130/sex-related-difference-in-human-white-matter-volumes-studied-inspection-of-the-corpus-callosum-and-other-white-matter-by-vbm
#3
Akihiko Shiino, Yen-Wei Chen, Kenji Tanigaki, Atsushi Yamada, Piers Vigers, Toshiyuki Watanabe, Ikuo Tooyama, Ichiro Akiguchi
It has been contended that any observed difference of the corpus callosum (CC) size between men and women is not sex-related but brain-size-related. A recent report, however, showed that the midsagittal CC area was significantly larger in women in 37 brain-size-matched pairs of normal young adults. Since this constituted strong evidence of sexual dimorphism and was obtained from publicly available data in OASIS, we examined volume differences within the CC and in other white matter using voxel-based morphometry (VBM)...
January 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030894/hypercoagulability-and-mortality-of-patients-with-stroke-and-active-cancer-the-oasis-cancer-study
#4
Mi Ji Lee, Jong-Won Chung, Myung-Ju Ahn, Seonwoo Kim, Jin Myoung Seok, Hye Min Jang, Gyeong-Moon Kim, Chin-Sang Chung, Kwang Ho Lee, Oh Young Bang
Background and Purpose: Patients with active cancer are at an increased risk for stroke. Hypercoagulability plays an important role in cancer-related stroke. We aimed to test whether 1) hypercoagulability is a predictor of survival, and 2) correction of the hypercoagulable state leads to better survival in patients with stroke and active cancer. Methods: We recruited consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke and active systemic cancer between January 2006 and July 2015...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Stroke
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025682/impact-of-subsequent-birth-and-delivery-mode-for-women-with-previous-oasis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Sara S Webb, Derick Yates, Margarita Manresa, Matthew Parsons, Christine MacArthur, Khaled M K Ismail
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) are serious complications of vaginal birth. In a pregnancy following OASIS women may be keen to avoid an elective caesarean section, yet cautious about pursuing another vaginal birth that may result in further damage to the pelvic floor and possible long-term anal incontinence. This review aimed to evaluate the impact of subsequent birth and its mode on anal incontinence (AI) and/or quality of life (QoL), for women with previous OASIS...
December 26, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025455/analysis-of-acidic-tar-dyes-in-high-protein-food-effect-of-ph-of-column-loading-solution-for-clean-up
#6
Asa Osuga, Yoko Uematsu, Yukiko Yamajima, Takushi Fujiwara, Shoichi Tahara, Hiroyuki Miyakawa, Toshiko Mizumachi, Kimio Monma
The effect of pH of the clean-up process in the analysis of 11 permitted tar dyes in high protein food was investigated by using a handmade polyamide column (PA column) and Oasis HLB. Boiled fish paste spiked with the 11 dyes was extracted with appropriate solvents and the pH of the extract was adjusted to 3.0-7.0 in increments of 0.5, followed by clean-up with the PA column. At pH 3.0-5.5, precipitate formed in the extract clogged the column, and the recoveries of R3, R104 and R105 were 26-68%. At pH 6.0-7...
2016: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024656/validation-of-bleeding-classifications-in-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#7
Debora Brascia, Daniel Reichart, Francesco Onorati, Andrea Perrotti, Vito G Ruggieri, Karl Bounader, Jean Philippe Verhoye, Giuseppe Santarpino, Theodor Fischlein, Daniele Maselli, Carmelo Dominici, Giovanni Mariscalco, Riccardo Gherli, Antonino S Rubino, Marisa De Feo, Ciro Bancone, Giuseppe Gatti, Francesco Santini, Magnus Dalén, Matteo Saccocci, Giuseppe Faggian, Tuomas Tauriainen, Eeva-Maija Kinnunen, Francesco Nicolini, Tiziano Gherli, Stefano Rosato, Fausto Biancari
Perioperative bleeding is a determinant of poor outcome in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), but there is a lack of adequate stratification of its severity. The ability of the European registry of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (E-CABG), Universal Definition of Perioperative Bleeding (UDPB), Study of Platelet Inhibition and Patient Outcomes (PLATO), Clopidogrel and Aspirin Optimal Dose Usage to Reduce Recurrent Events-Seventh Organization to Assess Strategies in Ischemic Syndromes (CURRENT-OASIS 7), Efficacy and Safety of Subcutaneous Enoxaparin in Non-Q Wave Coronary Events (ESSENCE), and SafeTy and Efficacy of Enoxaparin in Percutaneous coronary intervention patients, an internationaL randomized Evaluation (STEEPLE) bleeding classifications to predict early mortality, stroke, acute kidney injury (AKI) stage 3, and deep sternal wound infection/mediastinitis was investigated in 3,730 patients from the prospective, multicentre E-CABG registry...
December 3, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009794/ocular-straylight-with-different-multifocal-contact-lenses
#8
Grzegorz Łabuz, Norberto López-Gil, Thomas J T P van den Berg, Fernando Vargas-Martín
PURPOSE: Multifocal contact lenses have been growing in popularity as a modality to correct presbyopic eyes, although visual side effects such as disability glare have been reported. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of multifocal contact lenses on disability glare by means of ocular straylight. METHODS: A prospective randomized, comparative study was performed that included 16 subjects free of ocular pathology. Straylight was measured using a commercial straylight meter with the natural and dilated pupil...
December 22, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006674/development-of-an-extraction-method-and-lc-ms-analysis-for-n-acylated-l-homoserine-lactones-ahls-in-wastewater-treatment-biofilms
#9
Jinfeng Wang, Lili Ding, Kan Li, Wilhelm Schmieder, Jinju Geng, Ke Xu, Yan Zhang, Hongqiang Ren
N-Acylated-l-homoserine lactones (AHLs) play a vital role in Gram-negative bacteria communication by promoting the formation of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and biofilms. However, the low concentration of these AHL signals makes the process difficult to understand. A robust and sensitive pretreatment method for AHL detection was developed in this work. Compared with eight different solid-phase extraction (SPE) columns and three various solid extraction method, we found that the UE (ultrasonic extraction) and an Oasis hydrophilic-lipophilic-balanced (HLB) sorbent in column format combined with ultra-performance liquid chromatography linked to tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) can be successfully used for systematic pretreating moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) biological samples to extract AHLs and determine concentration of AHLs in wastewater treatment biofilms...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987390/simultaneous-analysis-of-glucocorticosteroid-fluticasone-propionate-and-its-metabolite-fluticasone-propionate-17%C3%AE-carboxylic-acid-in-human-plasma-by-uplc-ms-ms-at-sub-pg-ml-level
#10
Sneha G Nair, Daxesh P Patel, Mallika Sanyal, Puran Singhal, Pranav S Shrivastav
A highly sensitive and rapid ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of fluticasone propionate (FP) and its major metabolite, fluticasone propionate-17beta-carboxylic acid (FP 17β-CA) in human plasma. The analytes and their deuterated internal standards, FP-d3 and FP 17β-CA-d3 were extracted from 500μL plasma samples by solid phase extraction on Oasis MAX cartridges. The chromatographic analysis was performed on ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 (50mm×2...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971643/long-term-visual-functioning-improvement-is-associated-with-resolution-of-vitreomacular-adhesion-in-subjects-with-vitreomacular-traction-including-macular-hole-treated-with-intravitreal-ocriplasmin-results-from-the-oasis-study
#11
B Lescrauwaet, L Duchateau, T Verstraeten, T L Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943665/combination-therapy-of-autologous-adipose-mesenchymal-stem-cell-enriched-high-density-lipoaspirate-and-topical-timolol-for-healing-chronic-wounds
#12
Larissa Larsen, Catherine N Tchanque-Fossuo, Farzam Gorouhi, David Bodreault, Chuong Nguyen, Robert W Crawford, Sara E Dahle, Thomas Whetzel, R Rivkah Isseroff
Chronic venous leg ulcers are profoundly debilitating and result in billions of health care expenditures. Thus, there is a quest for engineered and innovative approaches. Herein we present a 63 year-old patient with a 30-year history of venous stasis and left lower extremity ulcers, which have been refractory to standard of care, anticoagulation, and venous stripping. The medial ulcer was treated with transplantation of autologous adipose mesenchymal stem cell (AMSC)-enriched, high density lipoaspirate (HDL) on OASIS wound matrix, and compression therapy...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939848/development-and-validation-of-a-simple-and-robust-hplc-method-with-uv-detection-for-quantification-of-the-hepatitis-c-virus-inhibitor-daclatasvir-in-human-plasma
#13
Giulio Nannetti, Lorenzo Messa, Marta Celegato, Silvana Pagni, Monica Basso, Saverio G Parisi, Giorgio Palù, Arianna Loregian
Daclatasvir is an inhibitor of hepatitis C virus NS5A protein that is used for the therapy of chronic hepatitis. So far, published methods for analysis of daclatasvir in plasma are exclusively based on mass spectrometry, which is not always available in standard clinical laboratories. Thus, we wished to develop and validate a simple, but still reliable and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) assay with UV detection for the quantification of daclatasvir, feasible for a wide-spread clinical routine use...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936287/combining-item-response-theory-with-multiple-imputation-to-equate-health-assessment-questionnaires
#14
Chenyang Gu, Roee Gutman
The assessment of patients' functional status across the continuum of care requires a common patient assessment tool. However, assessment tools that are used in various health care settings differ and cannot be easily contrasted. For example, the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) is used to evaluate the functional status of patients who stay in inpatient rehabilitation facilities, the Minimum Data Set (MDS) is collected for all patients who stay in skilled nursing facilities, and the Outcome and Assessment Information Set (OASIS) is collected if they choose home health care provided by home health agencies...
December 9, 2016: Biometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918340/obstetrical-anal-sphincter-injuries-does-obstetrical-care-provider-matter-a-quality-assurance-study-in-ontario
#15
Katerina Pizzuto, Jessica Pudwell, Graeme N Smith, Marie-Andrée Harvey
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the rates of obstetrical anal sphincter tears (OASIS) between types of obstetrical care providers at Kingston General Hospital (KGH) and in Ontario via the Better Outcomes Registry Network (BORN). METHODS: This cross-sectional study collected patient, demographic, and delivery data from all vaginal deliveries at KGH from June 2011 to June 2014 and all vaginal deliveries through the BORN database from June 2012 to June 2014. RESULTS: During this period, 4...
December 1, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918224/ocular-autoimmune-systemic-inflammatory-infectious-study-oasis-report-1-epidemiology-and-classification
#16
Elizabeth J Chen, Muhammad Amir Bin Ismail, Helen Mi, Su Ling Ho, Wee Kiak Lim, Stephen C Teoh, Rupesh Agrawal
PURPOSE: To report the epidemiology and classification of ocular inflammation at a tertiary eye care center in Singapore. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of the clinical records of consecutive new cases from the Ocular Autoimmune Systemic Inflammatory Infectious Study (OASIS) database from 2004-2015. RESULTS: A total of 2200 patients were studied from the OASIS database. The most common anatomic diagnosis was anterior uveitis (55.9%), posterior uveitis (17...
December 5, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913336/local-spectral-analysis-of-the-cerebral-cortex-new-gyrification-indices
#17
Hamed Rabiei, Frederic Richard, Olivier Coulon, Julien Lefevre
Gyrification index (GI) is an appropriate measure to quantify the complexity of the cerebral cortex. There is, however, no universal agreement on the notion of surface complexity and there are various methods in literature that evaluate different aspects of cortical folding. In this paper, we give two intuitive interpretations on folding quantification based on the magnitude and variation of the mean curvature of the cortical surface. We then present a local spectral analysis of the mean curvature to introduce two local gyrification indices that satisfy our interpretations...
November 29, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908604/compatibility-of-phospholipid-liposomal-spray-with-silicone-hydrogel-contact-lens-wear
#18
Michael T M Wang, Kalaivarny Ganesalingam, Chee Seang Loh, Trisha Alberquerque, Suhaila Al-Kanani, Stuti L Misra, Jennifer P Craig
PURPOSE: To assess the effects of two weeks of regular phospholipid liposomal spray application on lipid layer grade, tear film stability, subjective comfort, visual acuity, and lipid deposition in silicone hydrogel contact lens wearers. METHODS: Thirty-one existing contact lens wearers were enrolled and fitted with two week planned replacement silicone hydrogel contact lenses (Acuvue(®) Oasys(®)) in a prospective, randomized, paired-eye, investigator-masked trial...
February 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905929/smoking-cessation-programmes-using-traditional-medicine-in-korea
#19
Soobin Jang, Yu Lee Park, Ju Ah Lee, Kyeong Han Kim, Eun-Kyoung Lee, Seung-Ho Sun, Yong-Cheol Shin, Seong-Gyu Ko, Sunju Park
BACKGROUND: There are growing interests in using various methods including traditional and complementary medicines (T&CM) for tobacco control. The study aimed to introduce how traditional Korean medicine (TKM) applied to smoking cessation programmes in Korea and to show the detail information of each programme for designing other smoke cessation programmes. METHODS: Reports of the smoke cessation programmes in Korea were searched on March 10th, 2016, from the webpages of the related agencies and the databases: the Ministry of Health and Welfare, the Korea Health Foundation, the Association of Korean Medicine, PubMed, Google scholar, the RISS, the KISS, the NDSL, and the OASIS...
December 1, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904016/the-measurement-of-meloxicam-and-meloxicam-metabolites-in-rat-plasma-using-a-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-ultraviolet-spectrophotometry-method
#20
Aoi Miyamoto, Takahiko Aoyama, Yoshiaki Matsumoto
A high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet spectrophotometry (HPLC-UV) method for the determination of meloxicam (MEL) and meloxicam metabolites (5'-hydroxy meloxicam (5-HMEL) and 5'-carboxy meloxicam (5-CMEL)) has been developed. After extraction of MEL, 5-HMEL, and 5-CMEL from rat plasma using Oasis HLB cartridges, the extracts were separated with a Luna C18 (2) 100 A column (5 μm, 4.6 × 150 mm, Phenomenex) using a mobile phase of 50 mM phosphate buffer (pH 2.15, solvent A) and acetonitrile (solvent B) at a flow rate of 0...
December 1, 2016: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
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