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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673270/built-environment-and-physical-activity-domain-and-activity-specific-associations-among-brazilian-adolescents
#1
Inácio Crochemore Mohnsam da Silva, Adriano Akira Hino, Adalberto Lopes, Ulf Ekelund, Soren Brage, Helen Gonçalves, Ana B Menezes, Rodrigo Siqueira Reis, Pedro Curi Hallal
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is likely to be determined as a complex interplay between personal, interpersonal, and environmental factors. Studying the built environment involves expanding the focus from the individual perspective to a public health one. Therefore, the objetive of this study was to examine the association between the built environment and objectively-measured physical activity among youth. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of data from of a Brazilian birth cohort during adolescence...
July 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643100/perceived-devaluation-and-sti-testing-uptake-among-a-cohort-of-street-involved-youth-in-a-canadian-setting
#2
Mohammad Karamouzian, Jean Shoveller, Huiru Dong, Mark Gilbert, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
Perceived devaluation has been shown to have adverse effects on the mental and physical health outcomes of people who use drugs. However, the impact of perceived devaluation on sexually transmitted infections (STI) testing uptake among street-involved youth, who face multiple and intersecting stigmas due to their association with drug use and risky sexual practices, has not been fully characterized. Data were obtained between December 2013 and November 2014 from a cohort of street-involved youth who use illicit drugs aged 14-26 in Vancouver, British Columbia...
October 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609379/pediatric-moped-related-injuries-in-the-u-s-from-2002-2014-age-related-comparisons-of-mechanisms-and-outcomes
#3
Nathaniel K Johnson, Brandon M Johnson, Gerene M Denning, Charles A Jennissen
INTRODUCTION: Mopeds are a popular means of transportation, especially in urban areas. However, few studies have investigated moped-related injuries in the United States. This study's goal was to compare the crash mechanisms and injuries suffered in moped-related crashes involving youth versus adults, as well as between younger and older children. METHODS: Descriptive and comparative analyses were performed using National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) data and additional variables coded from injury narratives...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592287/naloxone-and-the-inner-city-youth-experience-nicye-a-community-based-participatory-research-study-examining-young-people-s-perceptions-of-the-bc-take-home-naloxone-program
#4
Keren Mitchell, S Elise Durante, Katrina Pellatt, Chris G Richardson, Steve Mathias, Jane A Buxton
BACKGROUND: Take home naloxone (THN) programs reduce mortality by training bystanders to respond to opioid overdoses. Clinical observation by the health care team at the Inner City Youth (ICY) program indicated that young adults appeared to enthusiastically participate in the THN program and developed improved relationships with staff after THN training. However, we found a dearth of literature exploring the experiences of young adults with THN programs. This study set out to address this gap and identify suggestions from the young adults for program improvement...
June 7, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583136/social-structural-factors-influencing-periods-of-injection-cessation-among-marginalized-youth-who-inject-drugs-in-vancouver-canada-an-ethno-epidemiological-study
#5
Jade Boyd, Danya Fast, Megan Hobbins, Ryan McNeil, Will Small
BACKGROUND: Injection drug use is associated with HIV and hepatitis C transmission, overdose, and other preventable harms. These harms are heightened for structurally vulnerable injection drug-using populations, as their social conditions pose barriers to safer injecting. Previous research on injection cessation has largely focused on adult drug-using populations. Little qualitative work has examined the social, structural, and environmental factors that shape periods of injection cessation among youth and young adults...
June 5, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578217/still-at-risk-an-examination-of-how-street-involved-young-people-understand-experience-and-engage-with-harm-reduction-in-vancouver-s-inner-city
#6
Nikki Bozinoff, Will Small, Cathy Long, Kora DeBeck, Danya Fast
BACKGROUND: Vancouver is an international leader in implementing interventions to reduce harms related to drug use. However, street-involved young people who use drugs continue to be vulnerable to overdose death, hepatitis C (HCV) infection, and high rates of syringe sharing. To better understand this in the context of the intensive public health response, we examined how young people, who are involved in the 'street drug scene', understood, experienced and engaged with harm reduction...
July 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507889/does-parental-support-influence-children-s-active-school-travel
#7
S K Mah, L Nettlefold, H M Macdonald, M Winters, D Race, C Voss, H A McKay
Today's 'backseat generation' of children is more often driven to school. Active school travel (AST) can contribute up to 30% of recommended daily physical activity. Although governed by a complex set of factors, parents are considered 'gatekeepers' of children's travel mode decisions. Therefore, we investigate the relationship between parental support and children's AST. Data were from Active Streets, Active People-Junior (British Columbia, Canada). Children self-reported travel mode to/from school for 1 week (10 trips)...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499382/the-association-between-residential-eviction-and-syringe-sharing-among-a-prospective-cohort-of-street-involved-youth
#8
Andreas Pilarinos, Mary Clare Kennedy, Ryan McNeil, Huiru Dong, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
BACKGROUND: Syringe sharing is a high-risk practice associated with the transmission of infectious diseases, such as HIV and HCV. While youth who contend with housing instability are known to be more likely to engage in high-risk substance use, the potential relationship between being evicted from housing and syringe sharing has not been examined. This study assessed whether residential eviction was associated with syringe sharing among street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: Data were derived from the At-Risk Youth Study (ARYS), a prospective cohort of street-involved youth who use drugs age 14-26 in Vancouver, Canada...
May 12, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464942/-getting-out-of-downtown-a-longitudinal-study-of-how-street-entrenched-youth-attempt-to-exit-an-inner-city-drug-scene
#9
Rod Knight, Danya Fast, Kora DeBeck, Jean Shoveller, Will Small
BACKGROUND: Urban drug "scenes" have been identified as important risk environments that shape the health of street-entrenched youth. New knowledge is needed to inform policy and programing interventions to help reduce youths' drug scene involvement and related health risks. The aim of this study was to identify how young people envisioned exiting a local, inner-city drug scene in Vancouver, Canada, as well as the individual, social and structural factors that shaped their experiences...
May 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438195/delivery-of-alcohol-brief-interventions-in-community-based-youth-work-settings-exploring-feasibility-and-acceptability-in-a-qualitative-study
#10
Martine Stead, Tessa Parkes, Avril Nicoll, Sarah Wilson, Cheryl Burgess, Douglas Eadie, Niamh Fitzgerald, Jennifer McKell, Garth Reid, Ruth Jepson, John McAteer, Linda Bauld
BACKGROUND: Alcohol Brief Interventions (ABIs) are increasingly being delivered in community-based youth work settings. However, little attention has been paid to how they are being implemented in such settings, or to their feasibility and acceptability for practitioners or young people. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the context, feasibility and acceptability of ABI delivery in youth work projects across Scotland. METHODS: Individual, paired and group interviews were conducted with practitioners and young people in nine community projects that were either involved in the delivery of ABIs or were considering doing so in the near future...
April 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409267/syringe-sharing-among-a-prospective-cohort-of-street-involved-youth-implications-for-needle-distribution-programs
#11
Nikki Bozinoff, Evan Wood, Huiru Dong, Lindsey Richardson, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
The sharing of previously used syringes is associated with the transmission of Hepatitis C and HIV. This longitudinal study examines syringe borrowing and syringe lending within a prospective cohort of street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada. From September 2005 to May 2014, data were collected from the At-Risk Youth Study, a cohort of street-involved youth age 14-26 at enrollment, and analyzed using generalized estimating equations. Among 505 participants, 142 (28.1%) reported syringe borrowing and 132 (26...
April 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397636/community-emergency-response-team-cert-training-of-high-risk-teens-in-the-community-of-watts-south-los-angeles-2013-2014
#12
Shamika Ossey, Sharon Sylvers, Sona Oksuzyan, Lisa V Smith, Douglas Frye, Leila Family, Jannah Scott, Jan B King
The Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) concept was initially developed for adult members of the community to help prepare for disasters and minimize damage when disasters occur. CERTs also served as a tool for building community capacity and self-sufficiency by supporting a diverse group of people working together in dealing with challenges affecting their communities. The novel approach to CERTs described here sought to involve high-risk youth from low-socioeconomic status communities in CERTs and first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training to help them build ties with communities, stay off the streets, and become leaders in the community...
April 11, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343062/the-material-moral-and-affective-worlds-of-dealing-and-crime-among-young-men-entrenched-in-an-inner-city-drug-scene
#13
Danya Fast, Jean Shoveller, Thomas Kerr
A large body of previous research has elucidated how involvement in drug dealing and crime among marginalized urban youth who use drugs is shaped by the imperatives of addiction and survival in the context of poverty. However, a growing body of research has examined how youth's involvement in these activities is shaped by more expansive desires and moralities. In this paper, we examine the material, moral, and affective worlds of loosely gang affiliated, street level dealing and crime among one group of young men in Vancouver, Canada...
June 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334473/history-of-being-in-government-care-associated-with-younger-age-at-injection-initiation-among-a-cohort-of-street-involved-youth
#14
Brittany Barker, Thomas Kerr, Huiru Dong, Evan Wood, Kora DeBeck
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Compared to the general population of youth, health-related disparities experienced by youth exposed to the child welfare system are well documented. Amongst these vulnerabilities are elevated rates of substance use, including injection drug use; however, less is known about when these youth transition to this high-risk behaviour. We sought to assess whether having a history of government care is associated with initiating injection drug use before age 18. DESIGN AND METHODS: Between September 2005 and May 2014, data were derived from the At-Risk Youth Study, a cohort of street-involved youth who use illicit drugs in Vancouver, Canada...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086787/perceptions-of-a-drug-prevention-public-service-announcement-campaign-among-street-involved-youth-in-vancouver-canada-a-qualitative-study
#15
Lianlian Ti, Danya Fast, William Small, Thomas Kerr
BACKGROUND: Due to the popularity of public service announcements (PSAs), as well as the broader health and social harms associated with illicit drug use, this study sought to investigate how drug prevention messages found in the Government of Canada's DrugsNot4Me campaign were understood, experienced, and engaged with among a group of street-involved young people in Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 25 individuals enrolled in the At-Risk Youth Study, and a thematic analysis was conducted...
January 13, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876062/elevated-risk-of-incarceration-among-street-involved-youth-who-initiate-drug-dealing
#16
Carly Hoy, Brittany Barker, Jackie Regan, Huiru Dong, Lindsey Richardson, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
BACKGROUND: Street-involved youth are known to be an economically vulnerable population that commonly resorts to risky activities such as drug dealing to generate income. While incarceration is common among people who use illicit drugs and associated with increased economic vulnerability, interventions among this population remain inadequate. Although previous research has documented the role of incarceration in further entrenching youth in both the criminal justice system and street life, less is known whether recent incarceration predicts initiating drug dealing among vulnerable youth...
November 22, 2016: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563284/ethics-in-community-university-artist-partnered-research-tensions-contradictions-and-gaps-identified-in-an-arts-for-social-change-project
#17
Annalee Yassi, Jennifer Beth Spiegel, Karen Lockhart, Lynn Fels, Katherine Boydell, Judith Marcuse
Academics from diverse disciplines are recognizing not only the procedural ethical issues involved in research, but also the complexity of everyday "micro" ethical issues that arise. While ethical guidelines are being developed for research in aboriginal populations and low-and-middle-income countries, multi-partnered research initiatives examining arts-based interventions to promote social change pose a unique set of ethical dilemmas not yet fully explored. Our research team, comprising health, education, and social scientists, critical theorists, artists and community-activists launched a five-year research partnership on arts-for-social change...
2016: Journal of Academic Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539676/unsafe-sexual-behaviour-associated-with-hazardous-alcohol-use-among-street-involved-youth
#18
Nadia Fairbairn, Evan Wood, Huiru Dong, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
While risky sexual behaviours related to illicit drug use among street youth have been explored, the impacts of alcohol use have received less attention. This longitudinal study examined hazardous alcohol use among a population of street-involved youth, with particular attention to sexual and drug-related risk behaviours. Data were derived from the At-Risk Youth Study, a prospective cohort of street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada. The outcome of interest was hazardous alcohol use defined by the US National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism...
April 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457242/perils-of-police-action-a-cautionary-tale-from-us-data-sets
#19
Ted R Miller, Bruce A Lawrence, Nancy N Carlson, Delia Hendrie, Sean Randall, Ian R H Rockett, Rebecca S Spicer
OBJECTIVE: To count and characterise injuries resulting from legal intervention by US law enforcement personnel and injury ratios per 10 000 arrests or police stops, thus expanding discussion of excessive force by police beyond fatalities. DESIGN: Ecological. POPULATION: Those injured during US legal police intervention as recorded in 2012 Vital Statistics mortality census, 2012 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project nationwide inpatient and emergency department samples, and two 2015 newspaper censuses of deaths...
July 25, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450321/non-medical-prescription-opioid-use-predicts-injection-initiation-among-street-involved-youth
#20
Kora DeBeck, Evan Wood, Huiru Dong, Sabina Dobrer, Kanna Hayashi, Julio Montaner, Thomas Kerr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
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