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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438195/delivery-of-alcohol-brief-interventions-in-community-based-youth-work-settings-exploring-feasibility-and-acceptability-in-a-qualitative-study
#1
Martine Stead, Tessa Parkes, Avril Nicoll, Sarah Wilson, Cheryl Burgess, Douglas Eadie, Niamh Fitzgerald, Jennifer McKell, Garth Reid, Ruth Jepson, John McAteer, Linda Bauld
BACKGROUND: Alcohol Brief Interventions (ABIs) are increasingly being delivered in community-based youth work settings. However, little attention has been paid to how they are being implemented in such settings, or to their feasibility and acceptability for practitioners or young people. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the context, feasibility and acceptability of ABI delivery in youth work projects across Scotland. METHODS: Individual, paired and group interviews were conducted with practitioners and young people in nine community projects that were either involved in the delivery of ABIs or were considering doing so in the near future...
April 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409267/syringe-sharing-among-a-prospective-cohort-of-street-involved-youth-implications-for-needle-distribution-programs
#2
Nikki Bozinoff, Evan Wood, Huiru Dong, Lindsey Richardson, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
The sharing of previously used syringes is associated with the transmission of Hepatitis C and HIV. This longitudinal study examines syringe borrowing and syringe lending within a prospective cohort of street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada. From September 2005 to May 2014, data were collected from the At-Risk Youth Study, a cohort of street-involved youth age 14-26 at enrollment, and analyzed using generalized estimating equations. Among 505 participants, 142 (28.1%) reported syringe borrowing and 132 (26...
April 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397636/community-emergency-response-team-cert-training-of-high-risk-teens-in-the-community-of-watts-south-los-angeles-2013-2014
#3
Shamika Ossey, Sharon Sylvers, Sona Oksuzyan, Lisa V Smith, Douglas Frye, Leila Family, Jannah Scott, Jan B King
The Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) concept was initially developed for adult members of the community to help prepare for disasters and minimize damage when disasters occur. CERTs also served as a tool for building community capacity and self-sufficiency by supporting a diverse group of people working together in dealing with challenges affecting their communities. The novel approach to CERTs described here sought to involve high-risk youth from low-socioeconomic status communities in CERTs and first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training to help them build ties with communities, stay off the streets, and become leaders in the community...
April 11, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343062/the-material-moral-and-affective-worlds-of-dealing-and-crime-among-young-men-entrenched-in-an-inner-city-drug-scene
#4
Danya Fast, Jean Shoveller, Thomas Kerr
A large body of previous research has elucidated how involvement in drug dealing and crime among marginalized urban youth who use drugs is shaped by the imperatives of addiction and survival in the context of poverty. However, a growing body of research has examined how youth's involvement in these activities is shaped by more expansive desires and moralities. In this paper, we examine the material, moral, and affective worlds of loosely gang affiliated, street level dealing and crime among one group of young men in Vancouver, Canada...
March 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334473/history-of-being-in-government-care-associated-with-younger-age-at-injection-initiation-among-a-cohort-of-street-involved-youth
#5
Brittany Barker, Thomas Kerr, Huiru Dong, Evan Wood, Kora DeBeck
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Compared to the general population of youth, health-related disparities experienced by youth exposed to the child welfare system are well documented. Amongst these vulnerabilities are elevated rates of substance use, including injection drug use; however, less is known about when these youth transition to this high-risk behaviour. We sought to assess whether having a history of government care is associated with initiating injection drug use before age 18. DESIGN AND METHODS: Between September 2005 and May 2014, data were derived from the At-Risk Youth Study, a cohort of street-involved youth who use illicit drugs in Vancouver, Canada...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086787/perceptions-of-a-drug-prevention-public-service-announcement-campaign-among-street-involved-youth-in-vancouver-canada-a-qualitative-study
#6
Lianlian Ti, Danya Fast, William Small, Thomas Kerr
BACKGROUND: Due to the popularity of public service announcements (PSAs), as well as the broader health and social harms associated with illicit drug use, this study sought to investigate how drug prevention messages found in the Government of Canada's DrugsNot4Me campaign were understood, experienced, and engaged with among a group of street-involved young people in Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 25 individuals enrolled in the At-Risk Youth Study, and a thematic analysis was conducted...
January 13, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876062/elevated-risk-of-incarceration-among-street-involved-youth-who-initiate-drug-dealing
#7
Carly Hoy, Brittany Barker, Jackie Regan, Huiru Dong, Lindsey Richardson, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
BACKGROUND: Street-involved youth are known to be an economically vulnerable population that commonly resorts to risky activities such as drug dealing to generate income. While incarceration is common among people who use illicit drugs and associated with increased economic vulnerability, interventions among this population remain inadequate. Although previous research has documented the role of incarceration in further entrenching youth in both the criminal justice system and street life, less is known whether recent incarceration predicts initiating drug dealing among vulnerable youth...
November 22, 2016: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563284/ethics-in-community-university-artist-partnered-research-tensions-contradictions-and-gaps-identified-in-an-arts-for-social-change-project
#8
Annalee Yassi, Jennifer Beth Spiegel, Karen Lockhart, Lynn Fels, Katherine Boydell, Judith Marcuse
Academics from diverse disciplines are recognizing not only the procedural ethical issues involved in research, but also the complexity of everyday "micro" ethical issues that arise. While ethical guidelines are being developed for research in aboriginal populations and low-and-middle-income countries, multi-partnered research initiatives examining arts-based interventions to promote social change pose a unique set of ethical dilemmas not yet fully explored. Our research team, comprising health, education, and social scientists, critical theorists, artists and community-activists launched a five-year research partnership on arts-for-social change...
2016: Journal of Academic Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539676/unsafe-sexual-behaviour-associated-with-hazardous-alcohol-use-among-street-involved-youth
#9
Nadia Fairbairn, Evan Wood, Huiru Dong, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
While risky sexual behaviours related to illicit drug use among street youth have been explored, the impacts of alcohol use have received less attention. This longitudinal study examined hazardous alcohol use among a population of street-involved youth, with particular attention to sexual and drug-related risk behaviours. Data were derived from the At-Risk Youth Study, a prospective cohort of street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada. The outcome of interest was hazardous alcohol use defined by the US National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism...
April 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457242/perils-of-police-action-a-cautionary-tale-from-us-data-sets
#10
Ted R Miller, Bruce A Lawrence, Nancy N Carlson, Delia Hendrie, Sean Randall, Ian R H Rockett, Rebecca S Spicer
OBJECTIVE: To count and characterise injuries resulting from legal intervention by US law enforcement personnel and injury ratios per 10 000 arrests or police stops, thus expanding discussion of excessive force by police beyond fatalities. DESIGN: Ecological. POPULATION: Those injured during US legal police intervention as recorded in 2012 Vital Statistics mortality census, 2012 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project nationwide inpatient and emergency department samples, and two 2015 newspaper censuses of deaths...
July 25, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450321/non-medical-prescription-opioid-use-predicts-injection-initiation-among-street-involved-youth
#11
Kora DeBeck, Evan Wood, Huiru Dong, Sabina Dobrer, Kanna Hayashi, Julio Montaner, Thomas Kerr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351791/the-experiences-of-emergency-department-use-by-street-involved-youth-perspectives-of-health-care-and-community-service-providers
#12
David B Nicholas, Amanda S Newton, Christopher Kilmer, Avery Calhoun, Margaret A deJong-Berg, Kathryn Dong, Faye Hamilton, Anne Marie McLaughlin, Janki Shankar, Peter Smyth
Street-involved (SI) youth represent a significant proportion of urban homeless populations. While previous research has identified SI youth as substantial users of emergency department (ED) services and has examined their experiences of ED care, little is known about the experiences and perceptions of the service providers who assist these youth with health care related issues. Using grounded theory, individual interviews and focus groups were conducted with 20 community agency staff serving SI youth, 17 health service providers, two hospital administrators, and two hospital security personnel regarding their experiences in providing or facilitating ED care for SI youth...
August 2016: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348116/the-relationship-between-violence-and-engagement-in-drug-dealing-and-sex-work-among-street-involved-youth
#13
Kanna Hayashi, Ben Daly-Grafstein, Huiru Dong, Evan Wood, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
OBJECTIVES: Street-involved youth are highly vulnerable to violence. While involvement in income-generating activities within illicit drug scenes is recognized as shaping youths' vulnerability to violence, the relative contributions of different income-generating activities remain understudied. We sought to examine the independent effects of drug dealing and sex work on experiencing violence among street-involved youth. METHODS: Data were derived from a prospective cohort of street-involved youth aged 14-26 who used drugs in Vancouver, British Columbia, between September 2005 and May 2014...
June 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27315200/initiation-of-drug-dealing-among-a-prospective-cohort-of-street-involved-youth
#14
Kirk Hepburn, Brittany Barker, Paul Nguyen, Huiru Dong, Evan Wood, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
BACKGROUND: Street-involved youth who use drugs may have limited income-generation options and are known to commonly become immersed in illicit drug markets to generate funds. However, little attention has been given to factors that may drive drug dealing initiation among this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVES: This longitudinal study examines drug dealing initiation among street-involved youth. METHODS: Data were derived from the At-Risk Youth Study from September 2005 to November 2014; a prospective cohort of 194 street-involved youth who use drugs aged 14-26, in Vancouver, Canada...
September 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294969/changes-in-attitudes-toward-guns-and-shootings-following-implementation-of-the-baltimore-safe-streets-intervention
#15
Adam J Milam, Shani A Buggs, C Debra M Furr-Holden, Philip J Leaf, Catherine P Bradshaw, Daniel Webster
Among youth 15 to 24 years of age, homicide and nonfatal shootings are the leading causes of mortality and morbidity. Urban youth's attitudes and perceptions about the use of gun violence to resolve conflict present a major barrier to efforts to reduce gun homicides and nonfatal shootings. The current investigation extends the existing literature on attitudes toward guns and shootings among high-risk youth ages 18 to 24 by measuring perceived norms and viewpoints regarding gun violence in two analogous Baltimore City neighborhoods pre-implementation and 1-year post-implementation of the Safe Streets intervention (adapted from the CeaseFire/Cure Violence intervention)...
August 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27098886/sports-injury-and-illness-epidemiology-during-the-2014-youth-olympic-games-united-states-olympic-team-surveillance
#16
Dustin Nabhan, Taylor Walden, Jenna Street, Heather Linden, Bill Moreau
BACKGROUND: To describe injury and illness incidence from the US Youth Olympic Team during the 2014 Youth Olympic Games (YOG). METHODS: Electronic health records of Team USA athletes registered for the YOG were reviewed for patient encounters during the 2014 YOG. Medical encounters were defined as all medical services provided by a healthcare provider including evaluation, treatment and prophylactic services. All medical conditions were categorised by IOC Injury and Illness reporting criteria...
June 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27043891/causes-of-child-and-youth-homelessness-in-developed-and-developing-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Lonnie Embleton, Hana Lee, Jayleen Gunn, David Ayuku, Paula Braitstein
IMPORTANCE: A systematic compilation of children and youth's reported reasons for street involvement is lacking. Without empirical data on these reasons, the policies developed or implemented to mitigate street involvement are not responsive to the needs of these children and youth. OBJECTIVE: To systematically analyze the self-reported reasons why children and youth around the world become street-involved and to analyze the available data by level of human development, geographic region, and sex...
May 1, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26961260/eviction-and-loss-of-income-assistance-among-street-involved-youth-in-canada
#18
Rebecca Zivanovic, John Omura, Evan Wood, Paul Nguyen, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
Loss of housing and income assistance among vulnerable youth has not been well described in the literature, yet it is a crucial issue for public health. This study examines the prevalence and correlates of loss of income assistance as well as eviction among street-involved youth. We collected data from a prospective cohort of street-involved youth aged 14-26. Among 770 participants, 64.3 per cent reported having housing and 77.1 per cent reported receiving income assistance at some point during the study period...
May 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26840891/the-sociospatial-network-risk-and-the-role-of-place-in-the-transmission-of-infectious-diseases
#19
James J Logan, Ann M Jolly, Justine I Blanford
Control of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne pathogens is challenging due to their presence in groups exhibiting complex social interactions. In particular, sharing injection drug use equipment and selling sex (prostitution) puts people at high risk. Previous work examining the involvement of risk behaviours in social networks has suggested that social and geographic distance of persons within a group contributes to these pathogens' endemicity. In this study, we examine the role of place in the connectedness of street people, selected by respondent driven sampling, in the transmission of blood-borne and sexually transmitted pathogens...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26840336/dating-violence-among-high-risk-young-women-a-systematic-review-using-quantitative-and-qualitative-methods
#20
REVIEW
Lauren E Joly, Jennifer Connolly
Our systematic review identified 21 quantitative articles and eight qualitative articles addressing dating violence among high risk young women. The groups of high-risk young women in this review include street-involved, justice-involved, pregnant or parenting, involved with Child Protective Services, and youth diagnosed with a mental health issue. Our meta-analysis of the quantitative articles indicated that 34% (CI = 0.24-0.45) of high-risk young women report that they have been victims of physical dating violence and 45% (CI = 0...
2016: Behavioral Sciences
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