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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208099/the-impact-of-walking-while-using-a-smartphone-on-pedestrians-awareness-of-roadside-events
#1
Ming-I Brandon Lin, Yu-Ping Huang
Previous studies have shown that using a cell phone to talk or text while walking changes gait kinematics and encourages risky street-crossing behaviors. However, less is known about how the motor-cognitive interference imposed by smartphone tasks affects pedestrians' situational awareness to environmental targets relevant to pedestrian safety. This study systematically investigated the influence of smartphone use on detection of and responses to a variety of roadside events in a semi-virtual walking environment...
February 13, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171817/public-attitudes-towards-alcohol-control-policies-in-scotland-and-england-results-from-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Jessica Li, Melanie Lovatt, Douglas Eadie, Fiona Dobbie, Petra Meier, John Holmes, Gerard Hastings, Anne Marie MacKintosh
The harmful effects of heavy drinking on health have been widely reported, yet public opinion on governmental responsibility for alcohol control remains divided. This study examines UK public attitudes towards alcohol policies, identifies underlying dimensions that inform these, and relationships with perceived effectiveness. A cross-sectional mixed methods study involving a telephone survey of 3477 adult drinkers aged 16-65 and sixteen focus groups with 89 adult drinkers in Scotland and England was conducted between September 2012 and February 2013...
January 25, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098417/delivery-of-anesthesia-for-children-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-iii-sanfilippo-syndrome-a-review-of-86-anesthetics
#3
Marc A Cohen, Grant M Stuart
BACKGROUND: Sanfilippo syndrome (MPS III) is rare, with 97 cases in the United Kingdom between 1988 and 1998. Mucopolysaccharide infiltration of tissues in mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) causes multi-systemic pathology including difficult airways and cardiac disease. Published anesthesia case reviews of Sanfilippo syndrome have included limited numbers of patients to date. AIM: To identify the perioperative management and complications of anesthesia in children with mucopolysaccharidosis Type III at Great Ormond Street Hospital...
January 18, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095602/age-and-adaptation-stronger-decision-updating-about-real-world-risks-in-older-age
#4
Jonathan J Rolison, Stacey Wood, Yaniv Hanoch
In later life, people are faced with a multitude of risky decisions that concern their health, finance, and personal security. Older adults often exercise caution in situations that involve risk. In this research, we asked whether older adults are also more responsive to warnings about potential risk. An answer to this question could reveal a factor underlying increased cautiousness in older age. In Study 1, participants decided whether they would engage in risky activities (e.g., using an ATM machine in the street) in four realistic scenarios about which participants could be expected to have relevant knowledge or experience...
January 17, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086787/perceptions-of-a-drug-prevention-public-service-announcement-campaign-among-street-involved-youth-in-vancouver-canada-a-qualitative-study
#5
Lianlian Ti, Danya Fast, William Small, Thomas Kerr
BACKGROUND: Due to the popularity of public service announcements (PSAs), as well as the broader health and social harms associated with illicit drug use, this study sought to investigate how drug prevention messages found in the Government of Canada's DrugsNot4Me campaign were understood, experienced, and engaged with among a group of street-involved young people in Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 25 individuals enrolled in the At-Risk Youth Study, and a thematic analysis was conducted...
January 13, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081178/gender-differences-in-hiv-care-among-criminal-justice-involved-persons-baseline-data-from-the-care-corrections-study
#6
Curt Beckwith, Breana Uhrig Castonguay, Claudia Trezza, Lauri Bazerman, Rudy Patrick, Alice Cates, Halli Olsen, Ann Kurth, Tao Liu, James Peterson, Irene Kuo
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected individuals recently released from incarceration have suboptimal linkage and engagement in community HIV care. We conducted a study to evaluate an information and communication technology intervention to increase linkage to community care among HIV-infected persons recently involved in the criminal justice (CJ) system. Baseline characteristics including risk behaviors and HIV care indicators are reported and stratified by gender. METHODS: We recruited HIV-infected individuals in the District of Columbia jail and persons with a recent history of incarceration through community and street outreach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057185/urine-exosomes-an-emerging-trove-of-biomarkers
#7
J M Street, E H Koritzinsky, D M Glispie, R A Star, P S T Yuen
Exosomes are released by most cells and can be isolated from all biofluids including urine. Exosomes are small vesicles formed as part of the endosomal pathway that contain cellular material surrounded by a lipid bilayer that can be traced to the plasma membrane. Exosomes are potentially a more targeted source of material for biomarker discovery than unfractionated urine, and provide diagnostic and pathophysiological information without an invasive tissue biopsy. Cytoplasmic contents including protein, mRNA, miRNA, and lipids have all been studied within the exosomal fraction...
2017: Advances in Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055850/an-end-to-end-trainable-neural-network-for-image-based-sequence-recognition-and-its-application-to-scene-text-recognition
#8
Baoguang Shi, Xiang Bai, Cong Yao
Image-based sequence recognition has been a long-standing research topic in computer vision. In this paper, we investigate the problem of scene text recognition, which is among the most important and challenging tasks in image-based sequence recognition. A novel neural network architecture, which integrates feature extraction, sequence modeling and transcription into a unified framework, is proposed. Compared with previous systems for scene text recognition, the proposed architecture possesses four distinctive properties: (1) It is end-to-end trainable, in contrast to most of the existing algorithms whose components are separately trained and tuned...
December 29, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052482/an-extra-care-community-s-perceived-priorities-for-whole-system-relationships-a-q-methodological-study
#9
Paul Grimshaw, Linda McGowan, Elaine McNichol
Health and social care settings worldwide need to sustainably improve the quality of relationships across communities or 'whole systems'. This research informs the development of a relational framework based on stakeholder perspectives. It is grounded in an action research project with practitioners, and draws on a previous literature review, to present the underpinning elements of quality relationships as statements, organised under the headings of integrity, respect, fairness, compassion and trust. Using Q methodology, 27 participants, comprising a range of stakeholders (staff, residents, family and service providers), rank-ordered 48 statements based on perceptions of the importance of differing aspects of relationships...
January 3, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007416/a-comprehensive-methodology-for-the-multidimensional-and-synchronic-data-collecting-in-soundscape
#10
Pablo Kogan, Bruno Turra, Jorge P Arenas, María Hinalaf
The soundscape paradigm is comprised of complex living systems where individuals interact moment-by-moment among one another and with the physical environment. The real environments provide promising conditions to reveal deep soundscape behavior, including the multiple components involved and their interrelations as a whole. However, measuring and analyzing the numerous simultaneous variables of soundscape represents a challenge that is not completely understood. This work proposes and applies a comprehensive methodology for multidimensional and synchronic data collection in soundscape...
December 19, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986735/assessing-the-exposure-of-street-sweeping-and-potential-risk-factors-for-developing-musculoskeletal-disorders-and-related-disabilities-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Pradeep S Salve, Praveen Chokhandre
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the exposure of those involved in street sweeping to the development of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and related disabilities and tries to identify the individual risk factors thereof. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among street sweepers together with a comparison group. A modified Standardized Nordic Questionnaire was adopted to measure the prevalence of MSDs and related disabilities. The impact of the occupation of sweeping on the development of MSDs and related disabilities was assessed using the propensity score matching (PSM) method...
December 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982400/experience-of-health-professionals-in-care-of-the-homeless-population-with-tuberculosis
#12
Tatiana Ferraz de Araújo Alecrim, Fernando Mitano, Amanda Alessandra Dos Reis, Cristine Moraes Roos, Pedro Fredemir Palha, Simone Teresinha Protti-Zanatta
OBJECTIVE: Analyzing statements of health professionals from a Street Clinic regarding care of a homeless population with tuberculosis. METHOD: This is a qualitative research, conducted in the central region of São Paulo at three basic health units in the period of November to December 2014. A semi-structured interview guideline was implemented for data collection and all interviews were recorded using a digital recorder. RESULTS: Six health professionals were interviewed...
September 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943161/the-effects-of-roadway-characteristics-on-farm-equipment-crashes-a-geographic-information-systems-approach
#13
Mitchell Greenan, Maisha Toussaint, Corinne Peek-Asa, Diane Rohlman, Marizen R Ramirez
BACKGROUND: Tractors and other slow-moving self-propelled farm equipment are often used on public roadway to transfer goods from the farm to a market or distributer. Increased roadway exposure has led to a growing concern on the occurrence of farm equipment crashes. This study aims to compare characteristics of road segments with farm equipment crashes to road segments without farm equipment crashes in the state of Iowa. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Iowa Department of Transportation from 2005 to 2011 on all crashes involving farm equipment, and features of all Iowa roadways...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907845/why-do-kenyan-children-live-on-the-streets-evidence-from-a-cross-section-of-semi-rural-maternal-caregivers
#14
Michael L Goodman, Kelli Martinez, Philip H Keiser, Stanley Gitari, Sarah E Seidel
Globally, study of factors contributing to the street-migration of the tens of millions of street-involved children focus almost exclusively on children's perspectives. In this study, we assess household and maternal factors associated with street-migration of children through self-report of 1974 randomly selected women in semi-rural Kenya. Contributing new perspectives on this global phenomenon, data show a statistically significant association between increased maternal childhood adversities and street-migration of children (p<0...
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898369/training-the-elderly-in-pedestrian-safety-transfer-effect-between-two-virtual-reality-simulation-devices
#15
Pauline Maillot, Aurélie Dommes, Nguyen-Thong Dang, Fabrice Vienne
OBJECTIVES: A virtual-reality training program has been developed to help older pedestrians make safer street-crossing decisions in two-way traffic situations. The aim was to develop a small-scale affordable and transportable simulation device that allowed transferring effects to a full-scale device involving actual walking. METHODS: 20 younger adults and 40 older participants first participated in a pre-test phase to assess their street crossings using both full-scale and small-scale simulation devices...
February 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881469/the-role-of-intersection-and-street-design-on-severity-of-bicycle-motor-vehicle-crashes
#16
Morteza Asgarzadeh, Santosh Verma, Rania A Mekary, Theodore K Courtney, David C Christiani
BACKGROUND: Safety concerns are a major barrier to cycling. Intersection and street design variables such as intersection angles and street width might contribute to the severity of crashes and the safety concerns. In this study we examined whether these design variables were associated with bicycle-motor vehicle crashes (BMVC) severity. METHODS: Using the geographical information system and latitudes/longitudes recorded by the police using a global positioning device, we extracted intersection angles, street width, bicycle facilities, posted speed limits and annual average daily traffic from 3266 BMVC data from New York City police records...
November 9, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876062/elevated-risk-of-incarceration-among-street-involved-youth-who-initiate-drug-dealing
#17
Carly Hoy, Brittany Barker, Jackie Regan, Huiru Dong, Lindsey Richardson, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
BACKGROUND: Street-involved youth are known to be an economically vulnerable population that commonly resorts to risky activities such as drug dealing to generate income. While incarceration is common among people who use illicit drugs and associated with increased economic vulnerability, interventions among this population remain inadequate. Although previous research has documented the role of incarceration in further entrenching youth in both the criminal justice system and street life, less is known whether recent incarceration predicts initiating drug dealing among vulnerable youth...
November 22, 2016: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871098/traffic-accidents-involving-cyclists-identifying-causal-factors-using-questionnaire-survey-traffic-accident-data-and-real-world-observation
#18
Shoko Oikawa, Toshiya Hirose, Shigeru Aomura, Yasuhiro Matsui
The purpose of this study is to clarify the mechanism of traffic accidents involving cyclists. The focus is on the characteristics of cyclist accidents and scenarios, because the number of traffic accidents involving cyclists in Tokyo is the highest in Japan. First, dangerous situations in traffic incidents were investigated by collecting data from 304 cyclists in one city in Tokyo using a questionnaire survey. The survey indicated that cyclists used their bicycles generally while commuting to work or school in the morning...
November 2016: Stapp Car Crash Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864628/provider-perspectives-on-patient-provider-communication-for-adjuvant-endocrine-therapy-symptom-management
#19
Kea Turner, Cleo A Samuel, Heidi As Donovan, Ellen Beckjord, Alexandra Cardy, Mary Amanda Dew, G J van Londen
PURPOSE: Providers' communication skills play a key role in encouraging breast cancer survivors to report symptoms and adhere to long-term treatments such as adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET). The purpose of this study was to examine provider perspectives on patient-provider communication regarding AET symptom management and to explore whether provider perspectives vary across the multi-disciplinary team of providers involved in survivorship care. METHODS: We conducted three one-hour focus groups with a multi-disciplinary group of health care providers including oncology specialists, primary care physicians, and non-physician providers experienced in caring for breast cancer survivors undergoing AET (n = 13)...
November 18, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800177/epidemiological-features-of-pediatric-ocular-trauma-in-egypt
#20
Ebrahim Abdullah Yehia Al Wadeai, Amr Abdellatif Osman, Tamer A Macky, Mahmoud M Soliman
Purpose. To review the epidemiology of serious pediatric ocular trauma presenting to Kasr El Aini Hospital, Cairo University. Methods. Children with serious ocular trauma during a six-month period were examined and their data was analyzed. Results. Eighty eyes of 75 patients were included in this study, with 64% males (P < 0.001) and average age of 5 years (5 months-15 years). There were 67 (83.75%) open globe injuries, 11 (13.75%) closed globe injuries, and 2 (2.5%) chemical injuries. Of the open globe injuries, 24 (30%) were ruptured globes and 43 (53...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
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