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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784225/nursing-diagnoses-of-the-homeless-population-in-light-of-self-care-theory
#1
Felicialle Pereira da Silva, Francisco de Assis Siqueira Paiva, Carolina Pereira Guedes, Iracema da Silva Frazão, Selene Cordeiro Vasconcelos, Murilo Duarte da Costa Lima
BACKGROUND: A growing number of people find themselves in conditions of extreme poverty, which often makes living on the streets the only option. Living conditions in this setting exert a direct impact on health and self-care. Health care for the homeless population should be planned in an interdisciplinary and intersectoral manner. In this context, nursing diagnoses constitute an essential part of the systemization of care. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study were to identify nursing diagnoses of a homeless population and propose nursing interventions based on the findings in light of the Nursing Outcomes Classification and Nursing Interventions Classification...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775921/toxicological-investigation-in-blood-samples-from-suspected-impaired-driving-cases-in-the-milan-area-possible-loss-of-evidence-due-to-late-blood-sampling
#2
Davide Ferrari, Monica Manca, Simone Premaschi, Giuseppe Banfi, Massimo Locatelli
Driving under the influence of illicit drugs (DUID) represents a significant menace to public safety and is therefore sanctioned with severe fines and penalties such as driving disqualification or even arrest in case the accident has caused serious injury or death. In Italy, DUID is regulated by the article 187 of the National Street Code, however, the list of the substances to be searched and their threshold concentrations are left to the 20 Italian regional authorities. A further lack of legislative standardization concerns the type of detection methods and moreover the time gap between the car accident and blood sampling...
May 1, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774001/cognitive-motor-interference-in-an-ecologically-valid-street-crossing-scenario
#3
Christin Janouch, Uwe Drescher, Konstantin Wechsler, Mathias Haeger, Otmar Bock, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage
Laboratory-based research revealed that gait involves higher cognitive processes, leading to performance impairments when executed with a concurrent loading task. Deficits are especially pronounced in older adults. Theoretical approaches like the multiple resource model highlight the role of task similarity and associated attention distribution problems. It has been shown that in cases where these distribution problems are perceived relevant to participant's risk of falls, older adults prioritize gait and posture over the concurrent loading task...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770980/what-can-we-learn-from-the-public-s-understanding-of-drug-information-and-safety-a-population-survey
#4
Esther Salgueiro, Cristina Gurruchaga, Francisco J Jimeno, Cristina Martínez-Múgica, Luis H Martín Arias, Gloria Manso
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to analyse the perceptions of the public on medicine information and safety and on consumer reporting of suspected adverse drug reactions (ADR). METHODS: A voluntary survey was conducted in a population ≥18 years of age in Asturias, a region in northern Spain. The survey was designed to be completed in a face-to-face street interview or completed independently by the public. The survey consisted of structured questions organised in four sections: (1) demographic data, (2) use of medicines, (3) reading and understanding of the patient information leaflet (PIL) and (4) awareness and perception about consumer reporting of ADR...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761498/storage-lipid-accumulation-is-controlled-by-photoperiodic-signal-acting-via-regulators-of-growth-cessation-and-dormancy-in-hybrid-aspen
#5
Åsa Grimberg, Ida Lager, Nathaniel R Street, Kathryn M Robinson, Salla Marttila, Niklas Mähler, Pär K Ingvarsson, Rishikesh P Bhalerao
The signalling pathways that control seasonal modulation of carbon metabolism in perennial plants are poorly understood. Using genetic, metabolic and natural variation approaches, we identify factors mediating photoperiodic control of storage lipid accumulation in the model tree hybrid aspen (Populus tremula × tremuloides). We characterized lipid accumulation in transgenic hybrid aspen with impaired photoperiodic and hormonal responses. Genome-wide association mapping was performed in Swedish aspen (P. tremula) genotypes to determine genetic loci associated with genotype variation in lipid content...
May 15, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739658/application-of-a-short-term-air-quality-action-plan-in-madrid-spain-under-a-high-pollution-episode-part-ii-assessment-from-multi-scale-modelling
#6
Rafael Borge, Jose Luis Santiago, David de la Paz, Fernando Martín, Jessica Domingo, Cristina Valdés, Beatriz Sánchez, Esther Rivas, Mª Teresa Rozas, Sonia Lázaro, Javier Pérez, Álvaro Fernández
Air pollution continues to be one of the main issues in urban areas. In addition to air quality plans and emission abatement policies, additional measures for high pollution episodes are needed to avoid exceedances of hourly limit values under unfavourable meteorological conditions such as the Madrid's short-term action NO2 protocol. In December 2016 there was a strong atmospheric stability episode that turned out in generalized high NO2 levels, causing the stage 3 of the NO2 protocol to be triggered for the first time in Madrid (29th December)...
May 5, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718282/suspected-driving-under-the-influence-case-involving-mitragynine
#7
Trista H Wright
Mitragynine is a novel psychoactive substance (NPS) that has emerged as a designer opioid being distributed on the street. Mitragynine, also known as kratom, has dose-dependent pharmacological effects and possesses both stimulant-like and sedative effects due to dual-binding of α-adrenergic and μ-opioid receptors. This herbal remedy readily available online has caused adverse effects including tachycardia, agitation, tremors, hallucination and death; however, this is the first reported suspected driving under the influence case involving mitragynine...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708593/downregulating-aspen-xylan-biosynthetic-gt43-genes-in-developing-wood-stimulates-growth-via-reprograming-of-the-transcriptome
#8
Christine Ratke, Barbara K Terebieniec, Sandra Winestrand, Marta Derba-Maceluch, Thomas Grahn, Bastian Schiffthaler, Thomas Ulvcrona, Merve Özparpucu, Markus Rüggeberg, Sven-Olof Lundqvist, Nathaniel R Street, Leif J Jönsson, Ewa J Mellerowicz
Xylan is one of the main compounds determining wood properties in hardwood species. The xylan backbone is thought to be synthesized by a synthase complex comprising two members of the GT43 family. We downregulated all GT43 genes in hybrid aspen (Populus tremula × tremuloides) to understand their involvement in xylan biosynthesis. All three clades of the GT43 family were targeted for downregulation using RNA interference individually or in different combinations, either constitutively or specifically in developing wood...
April 30, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696391/the-use-of-vacuum-assisted-closure-in-spinal-wound-infections-with-or-without-exposed-dura
#9
Robert Lee, Daniel Beder, John Street, Michael Boyd, Charles Fisher, Marcel Dvorak, Scott Paquette, Brian Kwon
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of postoperative deep spinal wound infection involves debridement and intravenous antibiotics. Authors have previously reported success in a small series of patients treated with vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) therapy, but its use over exposed dura is controversial and the outcome has not been reported in large series. PURPOSE: To review the outcomes following the treatment of postoperative spinal infections with VAC therapy, particularly those with exposed dura...
April 25, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661212/numerical-modeling-of-mosquito-population-dynamics-of-aedes-aegypti
#10
William M S Yamashita, Shyam S Das, Grigori Chapiro
BACKGROUND: The global incidences of dengue virus have increased the interest in studying and understanding the mosquito population dynamics. It is predominantly spread by Aedes aegypti in the tropical and sub-tropical countries in the world. Understanding these dynamics is important for public health in countries where climatic and environmental conditions are favorable for the propagation of these diseases. For this reason, a new model has been proposed to investigate the population dynamics of mosquitoes in a city...
April 16, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658829/playground-love-sex-work-pleasure-and-self-affirmation-in-the-urban-nightlife-of-indonesian-waria
#11
Terje Toomistu
Indonesian transgender women, locally and internationally recognised as waria, share some lifestyle patterns that have emerged under conditions of limited social acceptance. These patterns include involvement in sex work. The high number of waria who are sex workers is usually explained in economic terms. However, their presence in certain locations around the city known for waria sex work is not only for work, and quite often not even for sex. Waria street nightlife fosters waria agency, which emerges from self-affirmation through pleasurable bodily practices involving intimate (sexual partners) and both proximate (other waria and men nearby) and distant others (structuring ideals)...
April 16, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657791/sulfur-resistance-of-ce-mn-tio-2-catalysts-for-low-temperature-nh-3-scr
#12
Quan Xu, Wenjing Yang, Shitong Cui, Jason Street, Yan Luo
Ce-Mn/TiO2 catalyst prepared using a simple impregnation method demonstrated a better low-temperature selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH3 (NH3 -SCR) activity in comparison with the sol-gel method. The Ce-Mn/TiO2 catalyst loading with 20% Ce had the best low-temperature activity and achieved a NO conversion rate higher than 90% at 140-260°C with a 99.7% NO conversion rate at 180°C. The Ce-Mn/TiO2 catalyst only had a 6% NO conversion rate decrease after 100 ppm of SO2 was added to the stream. When SO2 was removed from the stream, the catalyst was able to recover completely...
March 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651262/the-impact-of-the-parental-support-on-risk-factors-in-the-process-of-gender-affirmation-of-transgender-and-gender-diverse-people
#13
Bruna L Seibel, Bruno de Brito Silva, Anna M V Fontanari, Ramiro F Catelan, Ana M Bercht, Juliana L Stucky, Diogo A DeSousa, Elder Cerqueira-Santos, Henrique C Nardi, Silvia H Koller, Angelo B Costa
Research involving transgender and gender diverse people (TGD) increased in the last years, mostly concerning healthcare associated to this population. Few studies dedicated their analysis to the impact of parental support on transgender people, even though this is an important aspect in creating a safe environment on which these individuals can build their identity. In addition, the link between family support, TGD identity and homelessness is not completely established. Thus, due to the specificities of the family context of TGD individuals, the aim of this study is to investigate the association between family support and TGD in different moments of the process of gender affirmation...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624799/a-checklist-for-managed-access-programmes-for-reimbursement-co-designed-by-canadian-patients-and-caregivers
#14
Andrea Young, Devidas Menon, Jackie Street, Walla Al-Hertani, Tania Stafinski
INTRODUCTION: Reimbursement decisions on orphan drugs carry significant uncertainty, and as the amount increases, so does the risk of making a wrong decision, where harms outweigh benefits. Consequently, patients often face limited access to orphan drugs. Managed access programmes (MAPs) are a mechanism for managing risk while enabling access to potentially beneficial drugs. Patients and their caregivers have expressed support for these programmes and see patient input as critical to successful implementation...
April 6, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606690/strategies-for-recruiting-women-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-community-based-research-lessons-from-canada
#15
Kath Webster, Allison Carter, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Danièle Dubuc, Valerie Nicholson, Kerrigan Beaver, Claudine Gasingirwa, Brigitte Ménard, Nadia O'Brien, Kayla Mitchell, Micaela Pereira Bajard, Erin Ding, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Mona Loutfy, Angela Kaida
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to describe the recruitment of women living with HIV (WLWH) into the community-based Canadian HIV Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Cohort Study (CHIWOS), because women are under-represented in HIV research. METHODS: There were 1,424 WLWH were enrolled from British Columbia, Ontario, and Québec, who completed detailed questionnaires administered by peer research associates (PRAs; WLWH with research training). During screening, participants were asked: "How did you hear about the study?" We describe recruitment strategies by subpopulation and offer reflections on challenges and successes...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589873/cost-effectiveness-of-hydromorphone-for-severe-opioid-use-disorder-findings-from-the-salome-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Nick Bansback, Daphne Guh, Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes, Suzanne Brissette, Scott Harrison, Amin Janmohamed, Michael Krausz, Scott MacDonald, David C Marsh, Martin T Schechter, Aslam H Anis
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous research has found diacetylmorphine, delivered under supervision, to be cost-effective in the treatment of severe opioid use disorder, but diacetylmorphine is not available in many settings. The Study to Assess Long-term Opioid Maintenance Effectiveness (SALOME) randomized controlled trial provided evidence that injectable hydromorphone is non-inferior to diacetylmorphine. The current study aimed to compare the cost-effectiveness of hydromorphone directly with diacetylmorphine and indirectly with methadone maintenance treatment...
March 28, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588643/integrated-care-to-address-the-physical-health-needs-of-people-with-severe-mental-illness-a-mapping-review-of-the-recent-evidence-on-barriers-facilitators-and-evaluations
#17
Mark Rodgers, Jane Dalton, Melissa Harden, Andrew Street, Gillian Parker, Alison Eastwood
People with mental health conditions have a lower life expectancy and poorer physical health outcomes than the general population. Evidence suggests this is due to a combination of clinical risk factors, socioeconomic factors, and health system factors, notably a lack of integration when care is required across service settings. Several recent reports have looked at ways to better integrate physical and mental health care for people with severe mental illness (SMI). We built on these by conducting a mapping review that looked for the most recent evidence and service models in this area...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584484/cyclist-exposure-to-the-risk-of-car-door-collisions-in-mixed-function-activity-centers-a-study-in-melbourne-australia
#18
Brendan M Lawrence, Jennifer A Oxley, David B Logan, Mark R Stevenson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to describe key risks related to dooring collisions on roads in mixed function activity centers by examining video footage recorded onboard the bicycles of cyclists riding through this road environment. The study aims to enhance our understanding of the risk associated with cyclist door collisions on these roads and to provide a focus for future studies that aim to identify measures that enhance cyclist safety. METHOD: The study measured 4 key risk exposures (per hour and kilometer), namely, on-street parked cars and 3 conditions associated with parked cars being accessed or egressed: door opened (a) after the cyclist passes (give-way event); (b) in the path of the cyclist without collision (obstruction event); and (c) in the path of the cyclist with collision (collision event)...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575388/the-ecology-of-patient-and-caregiver-participation-in-consultations-involving-advanced-cancer
#19
Jennifer Freytag, Richard L Street, Guibo Xing, Paul R Duberstein, Kevin Fiscella, Daniel J Tacredi, Joshua J Fenton, Richard L Kravitz, Ronald M Epstein
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of participation of patients with advanced cancer in clinical encounters with oncologists and to assess the impact of patient and caregiver participation on perceptions of physician support. METHODS: This is a secondary data analysis from the Values and Options in Cancer Care (VOICE) study, a cluster randomized clinical trial of a patient-centered communication intervention. Patients and caregivers completed pre- and post-visit health and communication measures...
March 25, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569768/developing-a-culturally-appropriate-branding-for-a-social-and-emotional-wellbeing-intervention-in-an-aboriginal-community
#20
Robert J Donovan, Lesley Murray, Jolleen Hicks, Amberlee Nicholas, Julia Anwar-McHenry
ISSUE ADDRESSED: An initial consultation process to implement a culturally appropriate social and emotional wellbeing campaign in an Aboriginal community indicated that the fundamental principles of the Act-Belong-Commit mental health promotion campaign were acceptable, but that a cultural adaptation of the branding should be sought. METHODS: A competition was held inviting community members to design a brand logo for the campaign in their community. Local judges selected "winners" in various categories, and six of the submissions were selected for testing in the broader community via street intercept interviews...
February 22, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
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