keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

street involved

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120973/acute-intoxications-and-fatalities-from-illicit-fentanyl-and-analogues-an-update
#1
Simona Pichini, Renata Solimini, Paolo Berretta, Roberta Pacifici, Francesco Paolo Busardò
Illicit fentanyl and its analogues are very dangerous synthetic opioids, with high abuse potential and severe adverse effects including coma and death. They are used as adulterants in street heroin, cocaine, and methamphetamine, or as heroin substitutes sold to unaware users with a high risk of overdoses. Fentanyl and its analogues have also been identified in counterfeit medicinal products, such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, and alprazolam tablets, or as components of speedball mixtures together with cocaine or other stimulants...
November 8, 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108022/risk-factors-for-hiv-infection-among-female-sex-workers-in-bangui-central-african-republic
#2
Jean De Dieu Longo, Marcel Mbeko Simaleko, Henri Saint-Calvaire Diemer, Gérard Grésenguet, Gilles Brücker, Laurent Belec
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were i) to categorize female sex workers (FSW) according to socio-anthropologic criteria in Bangui; ii) to examine the association between a selection of demographic and risk variables with the different categories of female sex work as outcome, and iii) to investigate factors associated with HIV status. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted to describe the spectrum of commercial sex work in Bangui among 345 sexually active women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023135/dietary-patterns-and-dietary-adequacy-of-street-children-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#3
Lawrence P Greksa, A B M Rafiqul Islam, Rie Okamoto, Kinuko Omori
The negative impact of poverty on the biological well-being of children is well established. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the impact of the stress of full-time street life on the dietary patterns and dietary adequacy of street children living in Dhaka, Bangladesh. This was accomplished by comparing the nutritional patterns of full-time street children with those of other poor children in Dhaka who also spend their days on the streets but who return to their families at night. There were few differences between groups, possibly due to street children being a select group...
October 12, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982829/development-and-evaluation-of-the-ohcities-instrument-assessing-alcohol-urban-environments-in-the-heart-healthy-hoods-project
#4
Xisca Sureda, Albert Espelt, Joan R Villalbí, Alba Cebrecos, Lucía Baranda, Jamie Pearce, Manuel Franco
OBJECTIVES: To describe the development and test-retest reliability of OHCITIES, an instrument characterising alcohol urban environment in terms of availability, promotion and signs of consumption. DESIGN: This study involved: (1) developing the conceptual framework for alcohol urban environment by means of literature reviewing and previous alcohol environment research experience; (2) pilot testing and redesigning the instrument; (3) instrument digitalisation; (4) instrument evaluation using test-retest reliability...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960672/engaging-street-involved-youth-using-an-evidence-based-intervention-a-preliminary-report-of-findings
#5
Joanna Lynch, Elizabeth McCay, Andria Aiello, Faith Donald
PROBLEM: Street-involved youth experience many barriers to accessing health and social services. There is a literature gap in the literature regarding evidence-based interventions to facilitate engagement with street-involved youth. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study of preliminary findings from a large mixed-methods study was undertaken to assess the impact of a resilience-based motivational intervention. This intervention was grounded in frameworks including strengths-based and resilience-based communication using the Seven C's Model of Resilience, positive youth development, and motivational interviewing that are particularly relevant to youth...
May 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882155/barriers-to-retention-in-methadone-maintenance-therapy-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-bangkok-thailand-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Kanna Hayashi, Lianping Ti, Prempreeda Pramoj Na Ayutthaya, Paisan Suwannawong, Karyn Kaplan, Will Small, Thomas Kerr
BACKGROUND: Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) is a mainstay for treating opioid use disorder and preventing and managing HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID). While previous research suggested low dosing of methadone and high rates of discontinuation of MMT among PWID in Thailand, little is known about patients' lived experiences with MMT in this setting. Therefore, we conducted a mixed-methods study to examine barriers to retention in MMT among PWID in Bangkok, Thailand, with particular attention to methadone dosing...
September 7, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867353/cessation-of-injecting-and-preceding-drug-use-patterns-among-a-prospective-cohort-of-street-involved-youth
#7
Scott E Hadland, Evan Wood, Ekaterina Nosova, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
PURPOSE: Injection drug use is prevalent among street-involved youth, but patterns of cessation are poorly described. We identified drug use patterns preceding injection cessation among street-involved youth. METHODS: From September 2005 to May 2015, we collected data from the At-Risk Youth Study, a prospective cohort of street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada, and limited the sample to actively injecting youth. The primary outcome was cessation of injecting self-reported at semiannual follow-up visits...
November 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866527/streetvizor-visual-exploration-of-human-scale-urban-forms-based-on-street-views
#8
Qiaomu Shen, Wei Zeng, Yu Ye, Stefan Muller Arisona, Simon Schubiger, Remo Burkhard, Huamin Qu
Urban forms at human-scale, i.e., urban environments that individuals can sense (e.g., sight, smell, and touch) in their daily lives, can provide unprecedented insights on a variety of applications, such as urban planning and environment auditing. The analysis of urban forms can help planners develop high-quality urban spaces through evidence-based design. However, such analysis is complex because of the involvement of spatial, multi-scale (i.e., city, region, and street), and multivariate (e.g., greenery and sky ratios) natures of urban forms...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833351/user-participation-in-a-municipal-acute-ward-in-norway-dilemmas-in-the-interface-between-policy-ideals-and-work-conditions
#9
Anne-Kari Johannessen, Sidsel Tveiten, Anne Werner
User participation has become an increasingly important principle in health care over the last few decades. Healthcare professionals are expected to involve patients in treatment decisions. Clear guidance as to what this should entail for professionals in clinical work is not accounted for in legislation. In this study, we explore how healthcare professionals in a Municipal Acute Ward perceived, experienced and performed user participation. The ward represents a new short-time service model for emergency assistance in Norway...
August 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832818/-sex-workers-and-public-health-intersections-vulnerabilities-and-resistance
#10
Alexandra Oliveira, Luís Fernandes
Since the 19th century with syphilis and most recently with AIDS, sex workers have been seen as a means for disease transmission and a public health problem that requires intervention. However, researchers have shown that in Western countries, HIV rates in people involved in commercial sex are low, except for in specific groups, such as intravenous drug users. Moreover, the risks faced by sex workers due to stigmatization and other forms of violence have been put into evidence. Based on an urban ethnography with street sex workers carried out in Porto (Portugal), between 2004 and 2005, this article discusses the social, labor, and legal vulnerabilities affecting people involved in commercial sex and how these interfere with their health...
April 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818420/predicting-sexual-assault-perpetration-in-the-u-s-army-using-administrative-data
#11
Anthony J Rosellini, John Monahan, Amy E Street, Maria V Petukhova, Nancy A Sampson, David M Benedek, Paul Bliese, Murray B Stein, Robert J Ursano, Ronald C Kessler
INTRODUCTION: The Department of Defense uses a universal prevention framework for sexual assault prevention, with each branch implementing its own branch-wide programs. Intensive interventions exist, but would be cost effective only if targeted at high-risk personnel. This study developed actuarial models to identify male U.S. Army soldiers at high risk of administratively recorded sexual assault perpetration. METHODS: This study investigated administratively recorded sexual assault perpetration among the 821,807 male Army soldiers serving 2004-2009...
November 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802393/paediatric-injection-medialisation-laryngoplasty-recent-great-ormond-street-hospital-experience
#12
K A Stephenson, L Cavalli, A Lambert, J Fleming, E Lawes, S Gupta, C G Jephson, L A Cochrane
INTRODUCTION: Unilateral vocal fold paresis may significantly impair the vocal quality and laryngeal competence of a child. Relatively little literature relates to injection medialisation laryngoplasty (IML) in children and previous reports have involved small numbers of heterogenous cases. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of paediatric patients managed by our multidisciplinary specialist voice clinic undergoing IML for unilateral vocal fold paresis...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799928/greywater-characterization-and-handling-practices-among-urban-households-in-ghana-the-case-of-three-communities-in-kumasi-metropolis
#13
Bismark Dwumfour-Asare, Philomina Adantey, Kwabena Biritwum Nyarko, Eugene Appiah-Effah
Greywater management in Ghana receives little or no attention although untreated greywater is associated with environmental and public health risks. This paper assesses greywater characteristics and handling practices among urban households in three selected communities in Kumasi, the second largest city of Ghana. The study involved in-depth surveys (interviews and observations) with 90 households, and collection of 18 greywater samples from nine greywater sources for laboratory analysis. Average greywater generation is 43...
August 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757907/mind-your-crossings-mining-gis-imagery-for-crosswalk-localization
#14
Dragan Ahmetovic, Roberto Manduchi, James M Coughlan, Sergio Mascetti
For blind travelers, finding crosswalks and remaining within their borders while traversing them is a crucial part of any trip involving street crossings. While standard Orientation & Mobility (O&M) techniques allow blind travelers to safely negotiate street crossings, additional information about crosswalks and other important features at intersections would be helpful in many situations, resulting in greater safety and/or comfort during independent travel. For instance, in planning a trip a blind pedestrian may wish to be informed of the presence of all marked crossings near a desired route...
April 2017: ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756782/is-food-store-type-associated-with-the-consumption-of-ultra-processed-food-and-drink-products-in-brazil
#15
Priscila Pereira Machado, Rafael Moreira Claro, Ana Paula Bortoletto Martins, Janaína Calu Costa, Renata Bertazzi Levy
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association between food store type and the consumption of ultra-processed products in Brazil. DESIGN: Data from the 2008-2009 Household Budget Survey involving a probabilistic sample of 55 970 Brazilian households. Food stores were grouped into nine categories. Foods and drinks were grouped according to characteristics of food processing. The contribution of each food store type to the total energy acquired from each food processing group, and according to quintiles of consumption of ultra-processed products, was estimated...
July 31, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741645/inflammasome-and-autophagy-regulation-a-two-way-street
#16
Qian Sun, Jie Fan, Timothy R Billiar, Melanie J Scott
Inflammation plays a significant role in protecting hosts against pathogens. Inflammation induced by non-infectious, endogenous agents can be detrimental, and if excessive can result in organ and tissue damage. The inflammasome is a major innate immune pathway that can be activated via both exogenous pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and endogenous damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs). Inflammasome activation involves formation and oligomerization of a protein complex including a NOD-like receptor (NLR), an adaptor protein (ASC) and procaspase-1...
July 24, 2017: Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735839/epidemiology-of-proximal-humeral-fractures-a-detailed-survey-of-711-patients-in-a-metropolitan-area
#17
Daniele Passaretti, Vittorio Candela, Pasquale Sessa, Stefano Gumina
BACKGROUND: Literature lacks data concerning several epidemiologic aspects of proximal humeral fractures (PHFs). METHODS: This retrospective study included 711 consecutive patients (209 men, 502 women) who sustained a PHF in the last 3 years. Participants were divided into 2 groups, adults and children. Data regarding age, sex, date, and fracture side were collected. According to the mechanism of injury, we arbitrarily distinguished 7 subgroups. PHFs were classified according to the head-greater-lesser-shaft (HGLS)-Hertel classification and to the Salter-Harris classification using x-ray and computed tomography imaging...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708951/control-of-a-community-outbreak-of-hepatitis-a-in-an-area-of-low-endemicity-wales-2016
#18
J Vaz, C Floyd, B Mason, A G Shankar, H Lewis
Incidence of hepatitis A in Wales is low (average of 0.48/100,000 inhabitants from 2004-2015). We describe a community outbreak of hepatitis A involving 3 schools (primary and secondary) in South Wales between March and June 2016 and reflect on the adequacy of the control measures used. Anyone in South Wales epidemiologically linked to a serological and/or RNA positive confirmed case of hepatitis A during the 15-50 d before onset of symptoms (diarrhea, vomiting, fever, nausea, AND jaundice, or jaundice-associated symptom) was defined as a case...
October 3, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678934/-clinical-and-social-vulnerabilities-in-crack-users-according-to-housing-status-a-multicenter-study-in-six-brazilian-state-capitals
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Silvia Chwartzmann Halpern, Juliana Nichterwitz Scherer, Vinicius Roglio, Sibele Faller, Anne Sordi, Felipe Ornell, Carla Dalbosco, Flavio Pechansky, Félix Kessler, Lísia von Diemen
The study had the goal to evaluate psychoactive substance use severity, violence, physical and emotional health of crack users who seeks specialized treatment in Psychosocial Care Centers for Alcohol and Drugs (CAPSad) concerning housing status. This is a multicenter cross-sectional study in six Brazilian capitals with 564 crack users categorized into two groups (1) users who have been homeless sometime in life (n = 266) and (2) individuals who have never lived on streets (n = 298). To assess the substance use severity and the characteristics of the individuals, the Addiction Severity Index, 6th version (ASI-6) was used...
July 3, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673270/built-environment-and-physical-activity-domain-and-activity-specific-associations-among-brazilian-adolescents
#20
Inácio Crochemore Mohnsam da Silva, Adriano Akira Hino, Adalberto Lopes, Ulf Ekelund, Soren Brage, Helen Gonçalves, Ana B Menezes, Rodrigo Siqueira Reis, Pedro Curi Hallal
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is likely to be determined as a complex interplay between personal, interpersonal, and environmental factors. Studying the built environment involves expanding the focus from the individual perspective to a public health one. Therefore, the objetive of this study was to examine the association between the built environment and objectively-measured physical activity among youth. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of data from of a Brazilian birth cohort during adolescence...
July 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
keyword
keyword
80557
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"