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tramadol for cervical ripening

Laureen M Lopez, Alissa Bernholc, Yanwu Zeng, Rebecca H Allen, Deborah Bartz, Paul A O'Brien, David Hubacher
BACKGROUND: Fear of pain during insertion of intrauterine contraception (IUC) is a barrier to use of this method. IUC includes copper-containing intrauterine devices and levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine systems. Interventions for pain control during IUC insertion include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), local cervical anesthetics, and cervical ripening agents such as misoprostol. OBJECTIVES: To review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions for reducing IUC insertion-related pain SEARCH METHODS: We searched for trials in CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, POPLINE, ClinicalTrials...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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