keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Drug user

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938573/iatc-mhyb-a-hybrid-multi-label-classifier-for-predicting-the-classification-of-anatomical-therapeutic-chemicals
#1
Xiang Cheng, Shu-Guang Zhao, Xuan Xiao, Kuo-Chen Chou
Recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), drug compounds have been classified into 14 main ATC (Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical) classes according to their therapeutic and chemical characteristics. Given an uncharacterized compound, can we develop a computational method to fast identify which ATC class or classes it belongs to? The information thus obtained will timely help adjusting our focus and selection, significantly speeding up the drug development process. But this problem is by no means an easy one since some drug compounds may belong to two or more than two ATC classes...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938502/-alarming-pregabalin-abuse-in-munich-prevalence-patterns-of-use-and-complications
#2
Nicolas Zellner, Florian Eyer, Tobias Zellner
Background Pregabalin is used e. g. for the treatment of neuropathic pain and anxiety disorder. Recently, its potential for abuse and addiction has become apparent. Methods From 2008 - 2015, we searched our database for the term "Pregabalin", including all patients treated in our department and all calls to the Poison Information Centre (PIC) Munich.From October 2013 to September 2014, all patients were included in a cohort study who either were admitted with a drug intoxication or who presented themselves for a course of detoxification (except ethanol)...
September 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938185/gradient-of-association-between-parenting-styles-and-patterns-of-drug-use-in-adolescence-a-latent-class-analysis
#3
Juliana Y Valente, Hugo Cogo-Moreira, Zila M Sanchez
BACKGROUND: To identify different patterns of drug use in adolescence and determine if these are associated with parenting styles and other sociodemographic factors. METHODS: A latent class analysis was conducted using baseline data collected in a sample (n=6381) from a randomized controlled trial conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the #Tamojunto drug-use prevention program, carried out with 7th- and 8th-grade public school students in six Brazilian cities...
September 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937933/what-s-in-a-name-correlates-of-ecstasy-users-knowing-or-agreeing-that-molly-is-ecstasy-mdma
#4
Joseph J Palamar
Ecstasy (MDMA) has regained popularity in powder and crystalline form, known as Molly. However, it is unknown whether all Molly users are aware that Molly is ecstasy. A total of 1045 nightclub/festival-attending adults in New York City were surveyed about ecstasy/MDMA/Molly use in 2016. Users were asked if they agreed that "Molly is (or is supposed to be) ecstasy/MDMA." Of the 43.5% reporting lifetime use, 84.6% agreed that Molly is ecstasy, 9.5% disagreed, and 5.9% reported not knowing that Molly is ecstasy...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937535/validation-of-a-commercial-assay-and-decision-support-tool-for-routine-paclitaxel-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-tdm
#5
Markus Joerger, Stefanie Kraff, Ulrich Jaehde, Ralf A Hilger, Jodi B Courtney, Daniel J Cline, Sonali Jog, Irina Baburina, M C Miller, Salvatore J Salamone
BACKGROUND: The value of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) for paclitaxel was recently demonstrated in the largest TDM trial ever conducted in oncology. The trial demonstrated significant reduction in neuropathy when using TDM. Dose adjustment for paclitaxel was based on time above a threshold concentration (Tc>0.05). Tc>0.05 must be calculated with a pharmacokinetic model and complex non-linear mixed effects (NLME) software. The use of the software and chromatographic methods to measure paclitaxel require specialized expertise...
September 18, 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934624/gamification-of-medication-adherence-in-epilepsy
#6
REVIEW
Mohammad Izzat Abdul Rahim, Rhys Huw Thomas
Adherence to medication regimens is a crucial factor in seizure-freedom and well-being for people with epilepsy. In contrast, taking medication inconsistently increases the risk of not only seizures and their adverse effects, but drug side-effects and unnecessary modifications to treatment plans. Epilepsy is prevalent across all age groups and we have been slow to utilise both the technologies and psychologies derived from computer gaming. Gaming has broken through to the mainstream and is no longer the preserve of younger males, mirroring the adoption of smart-phones...
September 14, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934596/features-and-outcomes-of-methamphetamine-associated-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#7
Roham T Zamanian, Haley Hedlin, Paul Greuenwald, David M Wilson, Joshua I Segal, Michelle Jorden, Kristina Kudelko, Juliana Liu, Andrew Hsi, Allyson Rupp, Andrew J Sweatt, Rubin Tuder, Gerald J Berry, Marlene Rabinovitch, Ramona L Doyle, Vinicio De Jesus Perez, Steven M Kawut
RATIONALE: While amphetamines are recognized as "likely" agents to cause drugs and toxins associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), (meth)amphetamine associated PAH (Meth-APAH) has not been well described. OBJECTIVES: To prospectively characterize the clinical presentation, histopathology, and outcomes of Meth-APAH compared to those of idiopathic PAH (iPAH). METHODS AND MEASUREMENTS: We performed a prospective cohort study of Meth-APAH and iPAH patients presenting to the Stanford University Pulmonary Hypertension Program between 2003-2015...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934076/delayed-urinary-symptoms-induced-by-ketamine
#8
María Robles-Martínez, Alfonso C Abad, Violeta Pérez-Rodríguez, Elena Ros-Cucurull, Abderraman Esojo, Carlos Roncero
One of the side-effects of ketamine abuse is genito-urinary damage. This report describes a case of a former ketamine user who presented with urinary symptoms associated with ketamine years after stopping consumption. This was a 26-year-old male with a history of ketamine abuse. He started treatment for alcohol dependence at age 19. He smoked marijuana daily and denied any other drug use. During the follow-up, urinary symptoms were evidenced (dysuria, frequency, urgency, incontinence, nocturia, hematuria, and suprapubic pain)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933938/development-of-a-statewide-publicly-accessible-drug-overdose-surveillance-and-information-system
#9
Brandon D L Marshall, Jesse L Yedinak, Jonathan Goyer, Traci C Green, Jennifer A Koziol, Nicole Alexander-Scott
In response to Rhode Island's overdose epidemic, we developed a collaborative, statewide online "dashboard" to provide the public with timely overdose surveillance data. The Web site- www.PreventOverdoseRI.org (PORI)-offers user-friendly data visualizations, plain language education, and interactive resource maps. Development of the site has improved overdose data sharing and transparency in Rhode Island. Preliminary results suggest a successful site launch. Future research will evaluate the effectiveness of PORI in terms of informing strategic initiatives to reduce overdoses in affected communities...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933581/peak-inspiratory-flow-rate-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-implications-for-dry-powder-inhalers
#10
Sohini Ghosh, Jill A Ohar, M Bradley Drummond
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in the United States with a significant economic burden related to hospital admissions for exacerbations. One of the primary treatment modalities for COPD is medications delivered through breath-actuated dry powdered inhalers (DPIs). For users to successfully receive inhaled medication, they must inhale with enough flow to overcome the internal resistance of the device, leading to deaggregation of the medication powder. Peak inspiratory flow rate (PIFR) is the maximal flow rate obtained during an inspiratory maneuver...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933289/recent-applications-of-silver-amalgam-electrodes-for-analysis-of-pharmaceuticals-and-vitamins
#11
Sylwia Smarzewska, Radovan Metelka, Bogusław Baś, Karel Vytřas
The features and applications of silver amalgam electrodes in electroanalysis of pharmaceuticals and vitamins are summarized in this review. The state-of-art in the preparation and construction of solid silver amalgam electrodes for prolonged and user-friendly use is presented. Although not as widely spread as other electrode materials, silver amalgam possesses a unique and viable combination of favorable electrochemical properties, which are close to ideal mercury electrodes, non-toxic character, high durability and mechanical stability, if properly prepared...
September 20, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932350/lurking-epidemic-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-iran-a-call-to-action
#12
Reza Taherkhani, Fatemeh Farshadpour
Despite having a relatively low prevalence in the Iranian general population, the burden of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is on the rise, and hepatitis C is predicted to be the most important leading cause of viral hepatitis-related mortality in the near future in Iran. The recent population-based epidemiological studies have revealed the predominant role of injecting drug use in increasing prevalence of HCV infection. Undoubtedly, new management paradigm is required to drive down the rising wave of hepatitis C in Iran...
August 28, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931839/multiwell-capillarity-based-microfluidic-device-for-the-study-of-3d-tumour-tissue-2d-endothelium-interactions-and-drug-screening-in-co-culture-models
#13
María Virumbrales-Muñoz, José María Ayuso, Marta Olave, Rosa Monge, Diego de Miguel, Luis Martínez-Lostao, Séverine Le Gac, Manuel Doblare, Ignacio Ochoa, Luis J Fernandez
The tumour microenvironment is very complex, and essential in tumour development and drug resistance. The endothelium is critical in the tumour microenvironment: it provides nutrients and oxygen to the tumour and is essential for systemic drug delivery. Therefore, we report a simple, user-friendly microfluidic device for co-culture of a 3D breast tumour model and a 2D endothelium model for cross-talk and drug delivery studies. First, we demonstrated the endothelium was functional, whereas the tumour model exhibited in vivo features, e...
September 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931533/inflammatory-potential-of-the-diet-and-colorectal-tumor-risk-in-persons-with-lynch-syndrome
#14
Jesca Gm Brouwer, Maureen Makama, Geertruida J van Woudenbergh, Hans Fa Vasen, Fokko M Nagengast, Jan H Kleibeuker, Ellen Kampman, Fränzel Jb van Duijnhoven
Background: Persons with Lynch syndrome (LS) have high lifetime risk of developing colorectal tumors (CRTs) because of a germline mutation in one of their mismatch repair (MMR) genes. An important process in the development of CRTs is inflammation, which has been shown to be modulated by diet.Objective: We aimed to investigate the association between the inflammatory potential of the diet and the risk of CRTs in persons with LS.Design: We used the dietary intake of 457 persons with LS from a prospective cohort study to calculate the adapted dietary inflammatory index (ADII)...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931433/role-of-gabaa-receptors-in-alcohol-use-disorders-suggested-by-chronic-intermittent-ethanol-cie-rodent-model
#15
REVIEW
Richard W Olsen, Jing Liang
GABAergic inhibitory transmission is involved in the acute and chronic effects of ethanol on the brain and behavior. One-dose ethanol exposure induces transient plastic changes in GABAA receptor subunit levels, composition, and regional and subcellular localization. Rapid down-regulation of early responder δ subunit-containing GABAA receptor subtypes mediating ethanol-sensitive tonic inhibitory currents in critical neuronal circuits corresponds to rapid tolerance to ethanol's behavioral responses. Slightly slower, α1 subunit-containing GABAA receptor subtypes mediating ethanol-insensitive synaptic inhibition are down-regulated, corresponding to tolerance to additional ethanol behaviors plus cross-tolerance to other GABAergic drugs including benzodiazepines, anesthetics, and neurosteroids, especially sedative-hypnotic effects...
September 20, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930849/analysis-of-risk-factors-for-colonic-diverticular-bleeding-and-recurrence
#16
Masato Taki, Tadayuki Oshima, Katsuyuki Tozawa, Yukako Taniguchi, Toshihiko Tomita, Yoshio Ohda, Hirokazu Fukui, Jiro Watari, Hiroto Miwa
The increase in incidence of colonic diverticular bleeding is relative to an age-related rise in the incidence of colonic diverticulosis and use of antithrombotic medication. However, risk factors related to the onset, recurrence, and prophylaxis have not been established. Therefore, we aimed to determine risk factors for the onset and recurrence of colonic diverticular bleeding.An age- and sex-matched case-control study was performed to assess the risk factors for the onset of colonic diverticular bleeding...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930065/trends-in-perceived-access-to-marijuana-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states-2002-2015
#17
Christopher P Salas-Wright, Sehun Oh, Trenette Clark Goings, Michael G Vaughn
OBJECTIVE: There is concern that changes in marijuana-related policy and public opinion may lead to increased access to marijuana among young people in the United States. However, little research has been conducted on changes in youth's perceptions of marijuana access, and studies have yet to systematically examine trends in perceived access across key sociodemographic and externalizing behavioral subgroups. METHOD: Using population-based data collected between 2002 and 2015 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, we examined trends in perceived marijuana access among non-Hispanic White, African American, and Hispanic adolescents (ages 12-17, n = 221,412)...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929971/medisyn-uncertainty-aware-visualization-of-multiple-biomedical-datasets-to-support-drug-treatment-selection
#18
Chen He, Luana Micallef, Zia-Ur-Rehman Tanoli, Samuel Kaski, Tero Aittokallio, Giulio Jacucci
BACKGROUND: Dispersed biomedical databases limit user exploration to generate structured knowledge. Linked Data unifies data structures and makes the dispersed data easy to search across resources, but it lacks supporting human cognition to achieve insights. In addition, potential errors in the data are difficult to detect in their free formats. Devising a visualization that synthesizes multiple sources in such a way that links between data sources are transparent, and uncertainties, such as data conflicts, are salient is challenging...
September 13, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927583/differences-in-decision-making-as-a-function-of-drug-of-choice
#19
REVIEW
Joshua L Gowin, Matthew E Sloan, Vijay A Ramchandani, Martin P Paulus, Scott D Lane
Poor decision-making is a central feature of all substance use disorders (SUD), but substances vary in the legal and health consequences associated with their use. For example, while the negative health consequences associated with cigarette smoking are often years away, the consequences of heroin abuse can be fatal in mere hours. It remains unclear if users of these substances show decision-making patterns that differ with the relative riskiness of their drug of choice. To address this question, we reviewed studies that compared decision-making of individuals using different substances...
September 16, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926560/hiv-and-hcv-in-u-s-prisons-and-jails-the-correctional-facility-as-a-bellwether-over-time-for-the-community-s-infections
#20
Anne C Spaulding, Emeli J Anderson, Mohammed A Khan, Cesar A Taborda-Vidarte, Jennifer A Phillips
Screening and treating correctional populations for HIV and HCV infections is essential to successfully addressing both epidemics in the USA. The prevalence of HIV and HCV infection is high in prisons and jails due to increased rates of incarceration among disproportionately affected groups such as injection drug users. Through a search of the published and grey literature and surveying persons overseeing health programs in prisons, we collected data on efforts to determine prevalence first for HIV and then for HCV...
September 19, 2017: AIDS Reviews
keyword
keyword
80519
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"