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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134039/monogenea-of-fishes-from-the-lagoon-flats-of-palmyra-atoll-in-the-central-pacific
#1
Víctor Manuel Vidal-Martínez, Lilia Catherinne Soler-Jiménez, Ma Leopoldina Aguirre-Macedo, John Mclaughlin, Alejandra G Jaramillo, Jenny C Shaw, Anna James, Ryan F Hechinger, Armand M Kuris, Kevin D Lafferty
A survey of the monogeneans of fishes from the lagoon flats of Palmyra Atoll detected 16 species already reported from the Indo-West Pacific faunal region. A total of 653 individual fish from 44 species were collected from the sand flats bordering the lagoon of the atoll. Eighteen species of fish were infected with monogeneans. The monogenean species recovered were: Benedenia hawaiiensis on Acanthurus xanthopterus, Chaetodon auriga, Chaetodon lunula, Mulloidichthys flavolineatus, Pseudobalistes flavimarginatus and Rhinecanthus aculeatus; Ancyrocephalus ornatus on Arothron hispidus; Euryhaliotrema annulocirrus on Chaetodon auriga and Chaetodon lunula; Euryhaliotrema chrysotaeniae on Lutjanus fulvus; Euryhaliotrema grandis on Chaetodon auriga and Chaetodon lunula; Haliotrema acanthuri on Acanthurus triostegus; Haliotrema aurigae on Chaetodon auriga and Chaetodon lunula; Haliotrema dempsteri on Acanthurus xanthopterus; Haliotrema minutospirale on Mulloidichthys flavolineatus; Haliotrematoides patellacirrus on Lutjanus monostigma; Neohaliotrema bombini on Abudefduf septemfasciatus and Abudefduf sordidus; Acleotrema girellae and Acleotrema parastromatei on Kyphosus cinerascens; Cemocotylella elongata on Caranx ignobilis, Caranx melampygus and Caranx papuensis; Metamicrocotyla macracantha on Crenimugil crenilabris; and Pseudopterinotrema albulae on Albula glossodonta...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979866/cutaneous-manifestations-of-chikungunya-fever-observations-from-an-outbreak-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-southeast-rajasthan-india
#2
Ramesh Kumar, Manoj K Sharma, Suresh K Jain, Sumit K Yadav, Anil K Singhal
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya fever is caused by chikungunya virus which is transmitted by the bite of infected Aedes aegypti and A. albopictus mosquitoes. AIMS: To study the various mucocutaneous manifestations in suspected cases of chikungunya fever. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients who attended our outpatient department from July 2016 to October 2016 and fulfilled the criteria for "suspect cases" of chikungunya infection stipulated by the National Institute of Communicable Diseases, Directorate General of Health Services, Government of India, were included in the study prospectively...
September 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967977/nail-involvement-in-alopecia-areata-a-questionnaire-based-survey-of-impact-on-quality-of-life-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Yvonne B M Roest, Henrià T van Middendorp, Andrea W M Evers, Peter C M van de Kerkhof, Marcel C Pasch
Alopecia areata (AA) is an immune-mediated disease causing temporary or permanent hair loss. Up to 46% of patients with AA also have nail involvement. The aim of this study was to determine the presence, types, and clinical implications of nail changes in patients with AA. This questionnaire-based survey evaluated 256 patients with AA. General demographic variables, specific nail changes, nail-related quality of life (QoL), and treatment history and need were evaluated. Prevalence of nail involvement in AA was 64...
October 2, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906086/new-formulation-for-topical-treatment-of-onychomycoses
#4
Elisa M Difonzo, Federica Scarfì, Massimiliano Galeone
BACKGROUND: In order to treat onychomycosis, topical and systemic medications are available. The choice of a systemic or topic treatment depends on numerous factors, such as patient's age, the presence of comorbidity, responsible fungal species, the clinical form of onychomycosis, its location (fingernails or toenails), the number of nails affected and the percentage of the nail plate infected. As for topical medications, given that nail plate has an insufficiently permeable structure, it is necessary to use appropriate formulae that create in the surface of the nail plate a film able, in turn, to function both as an active ingredient's deposit and moisturising agent in nail's superficial layers in order to facilitate the spread of the active ingredient...
October 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859750/acquired-idiopathic-true-transverse-leukonychia
#5
Ali Hadi, Dana Stern
A 34-year-old man from Djibouti presented with a 14-year history of relapsing and remitting transverse white bands on the fingernails with sparing of the toenails. Examination revealed several transverse, white bands following the contour of the lunula on seven of his fingernails that did not fade upon compression of the digits (Figure). There was no onycholysis. No other skin lesions were noted. The patient reported having lived for 4 years (2000-2004) in a house that had well water as its primary water supply...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585341/investigation-of-a-correlation-between-taxane-based-chemotherapy-and-the-ultrasonic-time-of-flight-of-human-fingernails
#6
R A Vacarescu, B Slak, A Maeva, C Hamm, N Lewoc, A T Daabous, E Strumban, R G Maev
BACKGROUND: Medical practitioners have long associated the physical appearance of human fingernails with certain underlying health conditions due to their direct connection to the vascular system. The objective of this study was to demonstrate how human fingernails can potentially be used as a biomarker to determine the severity of a patient's reaction to chemotherapy. METHODS: Quantitative investigation of fingernails in patients undergoing taxane-based chemotherapy was conducted using a high-frequency 50 MHz ultrasound device in B-mode in the form of a pilot study...
June 5, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584375/terry-s-nails-a-sign-of-systemic-disease
#7
Anna B Witkowska, Thomas J Jasterzbski, Robert A Schwartz
Terry's nails are a type of apparent leukonychia, characterized by ground glass opacification of nearly the entire nail, obliteration of the lunula, and a narrow band of normal, pink nail bed at the distal border. The aim of this study is to guide clinical practice by reviewing all of the data concerning Terry's nail that have become available since the original description by Terry in 1954, with particular reference to all clinical features, associated medical conditions, pathogenesis, and necessary workup...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538898/do-you-know-this-syndrome-nail-patela-syndrome-a-pathognomonic-dermatologic-finding
#8
Bruna Giusto Bunjes, Marcelle da Costa Frickmann Fernandes
The nail-patella syndrome involves a clinical tetrad of changes in the nails, knees, elbows and the presence of iliac horns. Nail changes are the most constant feature: absent, hypoplastic, or dystrophic. A pathognomonic finding is the presence of the triangular lunula. The diagnosis of nail-patella syndrome is based on clinical findings. In this paper we will discuss a case report of this syndrome and its relation with a dermatological finding.
March 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386142/nail-psoriasis-what-a-rheumatologist-should-know-about
#9
REVIEW
Barbara Nieradko-Iwanicka
Psoriasis is a chronic recurrent inflammatory skin disease with prevalence of 1-3%. Nail psoriasis affects 10-90% of patients with plaque psoriasis. The aim of the article is to review the literature for the correlation between nail psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) to provide rheumatologists a short review on features of nail psoriasis, methods of their assessment and possible clinical repercussions. The PubMed database was searched using the key words 'nail psoriasis' and 'psoriatic arthritis'. Psoriasis involving the nail matrix shows up as changes such as pitting, Beau lines, leukonychia, red spots in the lunula, or nail plate crumbling...
2017: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325972/nine-new-species-of-uramya-robineau-desvoidy-diptera-tachinidae-from-area-de-conservaci%C3%A3-n-guanacaste-in-northwestern-costa-rica-with-a-key-to-their-identification
#10
A J Fleming, D Monty Wood, M Alex Smith, Winnie Hallwachs, Daniel Janzen, Tanya Dapkey
BACKGROUND: We describe nine new species in the genus Uramya Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 from Area de Conservación Guanacaste (ACG) in northwestern Costa Rica. All species were reared from an ongoing inventory of wild-caught caterpillars spanning a variety of families (Lepidoptera: Erebidae; Limacodidae; Megalopygidae; Lasiocampidae and Dalceridae). Our study provides a concise description of each new species using morphology, life history, molecular data, and photographic documentation...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260214/polydactylous-transverse-erythronychia-report-of-a-patient-with-multiple-horizontal-red-bands-affecting-the-fingernails
#11
Carina Chang, Bryce D Beutler, Philip R Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Redness of the nail plate-erythronychia-is a common condition involving one or multiple digits. It may affect the entire nail or present as longitudinal red bands that extend from the proximal nail fold to the distal tip of the nail plate. Rarely, red bands may traverse the nail bed horizontally. Although erythronychia is often idiopathic, it has also been associated with amyloidosis, Darier's disease, lichen planus, and various other cutaneous conditions. We describe the clinical features of a 64-year-old Caucasian man who presented with transverse and longitudinal erythronychia affecting his fingernails...
June 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101018/remarkable-improvement-of-nail-changes-in-alopecia-areata-universalis-with-10-months-of-treatment-with-tofacitinib-a-case-report
#12
Sineida Berbert Ferreira, Morton Scheinberg, Denise Steiner, Tatiana Steiner, Gustavo Longhi Bedin, Rachel Berbert Ferreira
Alopecia areata (AA) is a chronic, autoimmune disease. The main symptom is massive hair loss, localized or diffuse, in the scalp and the whole body. However, nails may also be involved, and brittleness, fragility and pitting can be signs of nail dystrophy in AA patients. Here, we report the case of a male patient with AA refractory to various treatments, including oral, topical and intralesional corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, cyclosporin and PUVA (oxoralen plus ultraviolet light), all interrupted due to side effects...
September 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882577/sesamoid-bones-in-tuatara-sphenodon-punctatus-investigated-with-x-ray-microtomography-and-implications-for-sesamoid-evolution-in-lepidosauria
#13
Sophie Regnault, John R Hutchinson, Marc E H Jones
Sesamoids bones are small intra-tendinous (or ligamentous) ossifications found near joints and are often variable between individuals. Related bones, lunulae, are found within the menisci of certain joints. Several studies have described sesamoids and lunulae in lizards and their close relatives (Squamata) as potentially useful characters in phylogenetic analysis, but their status in the extant outgroup to Squamata, tuatara (Sphenodon), remains unclear. Sphenodon is the only living rhynchocephalian, but museum specimens are valuable and difficult to replace...
January 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843929/mottled-lunulae-in-nail-psoriasis-report-of-three-cases
#14
EDITORIAL
Adriana Peña-Romero, Sonia Toussaint-Caire, Judith Domínguez-Cherit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660117/nail-features-in-healthy-term-newborns-a-single-centre-observational-study-of-52-cases
#15
M Chinazzo, G Lorette, R Baran, A Finon, É Saliba, A Maruani
INTRODUCTION: The anatomy and embryology of the nail are well known, and nail abnormalities are a feature of many genodermatoses. However, the physiological aspect is not well described. We aimed to analyse the physiological features of nails in healthy newborns. METHODS: We performed an observational, prospective study at University Hospital Center of Tours between July and October 2015. Newborns were included by a dermatologist assistant during the systematic examination on release of the mother from the hospital...
February 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579738/nail-abnormalities-in-patients-with-vitiligo
#16
Ilteris Oguz Topal, Sule Gungor, Ozgur Emek Kocaturk, Hatice Duman, Mustafa Durmuscan
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is an acquired pigmentary skin disorder affecting 0.1-4% of the general population. The nails may be affected in patients with an autoimmune disease such as psoriasis, and in those with alopecia areata. It has been suggested that nail abnormalities should be apparent in vitiligo patients. OBJECTIVE: We sought to document the frequency and clinical presentation of nail abnormalities in vitiligo patients compared to healthy volunteers. We also examined the correlations between nail abnormalities and various clinical parameters...
July 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573880/gill-monogenean-communities-platyhelminthes-monogenea-dactylogyridae-of-butterflyfishes-from-tropical-indo-west-pacific-islands
#17
Miriam Reverter, Scott C Cutmore, Rodney Bray, Thomas H Cribb, Pierre Sasal
We studied the monogenean communities of 34 species of butterflyfish from the tropical Indo-West Pacific, identifying 13 dactylogyrid species (including two species that are presently undescribed). Monogenean assemblages differed significantly between host species in terms of taxonomic structure, intensity and prevalence. Parasite richness ranged from 0 (Chaetodon lunulatus) to 11 (C. auriga, C. citrinellus and C. lunula). Host specificity varied between the dactylogyrids species, being found on 2-29 of the 34 chaetodontid species examined...
October 2016: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458566/skin-disorders-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-an-underdiagnosed-subject
#18
Meltem Gursu, Sami Uzun, Derya Topcuoğlu, Leyli Kadriye Koc, Lamiye Yucel, Abdullah Sumnu, Egemen Cebeci, Oktay Ozkan, Ahmet Behlul, Leyla Koc, Savas Ozturk, Rumeyza Kazancioglu
AIM: To examine all skin changes in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients followed up in our unit. METHODS: Patients on PD program for at least three months without any known chronic skin disease were included in the study. Patients with already diagnosed skin disease, those who have systemic diseases that may cause skin lesions, patients with malignancies and those who did not give informed consent were excluded from the study. All patients were examined by the same predetermined dermatologist with all findings recorded...
July 6, 2016: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443165/rediscovering-chemical-gardens-self-assembling-cytocompatible-protein-intercalated-silicate-phosphate-sponge-mimetic-tubules
#19
Kamia Punia, Michael Bucaro, Andrew Mancuso, Christina Cuttitta, Alexandra Marsillo, Alexey Bykov, William L'Amoreaux, Krishnaswami S Raja
The classic chemical garden experiment is reconstructed to produce protein-intercalated silicate-phosphate tubules that resemble tubular sponges. The constructs were synthesized by seeding calcium chloride into a solution of sodium silicate-potassium phosphate and gelatin. Sponge-mimetic tubules were fabricated with varying percentages of gelatin (0-15% w/v), in diameters ranging from 200 μm to 2 mm, characterized morphologically and compositionally, functionalized with biomolecules for cell adhesion, and evaluated for cytocompatibility...
August 30, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109743/nail-patella-syndrome-report-of-11-pediatric-cases
#20
O Figueroa-Silva, A Vicente, A Agudo, C Baliu-Piqué, S Gómez-Armayones, M J Aldunce-Soto, E J Inarejos Clemente, M Navallas Irujo, D Gutiérrez de la Iglesia, M A González-Enseñat
BACKGROUND: Nail-patella syndrome (NPS) is an inherited disease produced by mutations in the LMX1B gene. It is characterized by fingernail dysplasia, hypoplastic or absent patella, dysplasia of the elbows and iliac horns on X-ray. It is useful to know this syndrome since some patients develop nephropathy and eye abnormalities. There are very few accurate descriptions related to this syndrome in the literature. OBJECTIVE: Describe the features of 11 patients with NPS in a paediatric hospital...
September 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
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