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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073178/polyclonal-and-monoclonal-antibodies-for-induction-therapy-in-kidney-transplant-recipients
#1
REVIEW
Penny Hill, Nicholas B Cross, A Nicholas R Barnett, Suetonia C Palmer, Angela C Webster
BACKGROUND: Prolonging kidney transplant survival is an important clinical priority. Induction immunosuppression with antibody therapy is recommended at transplantation and non-depleting interleukin-2 receptor monoclonal antibodies (IL2Ra) are considered first line. It is suggested that recipients at high risk of rejection should receive lymphocyte-depleting antibodies but the relative benefits and harms of the available agents are uncertain. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to: evaluate the relative and absolute effects of different antibody preparations (except IL2Ra) when used as induction therapy in kidney transplant recipients; determine how the benefits and adverse events vary for each antibody preparation; determine how the benefits and harms vary for different formulations of antibody preparation; and determine whether the benefits and harms vary in specific subgroups of recipients (e...
January 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069071/sporadic-cases-of-adult-measles-a-research-article
#2
Ranjan Premaratna, Nathasha Luke, Harsha Perera, Mahesh Gunathilake, Pubudu Amarasena, T G A Nilmini Chandrasena
BACKGROUND: Measles caused by a paramyxovirus, characterized by fever, malaise, cough, coryza conjunctivitis, a maculopapular rash is known to result in pneumonia, encephalitis and death. Fatal cases of measles in Sri Lanka are rare after implementation of the National Immunization Programme in 1984. Thereafter 0.1% case fatality rate was observed during October 1999-June 2000 which is a very low figure compared to other regional countries. Immunization guidelines were further revised in 2001, 2011 and in 2012 when additional immunization was recommended to age group 4-21 years; who are likely to have inadequate immunization, in order to achieve elimination of Measles by 2020...
January 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056400/efficacy-and-safety-of-eribulin-as-first-to-third-line-treatment-in-patients-with-advanced-or-metastatic-breast-cancer-previously-treated-with-anthracyclines-and-taxanes
#3
Shigeto Maeda, Michiyo Saimura, Shigeki Minami, Kaname Kurashita, Reiki Nishimura, Yuichiro Kai, Hiroshi Yano, Kohjiro Mashino, Shoshu Mitsuyama, Mototsugu Shimokawa, Kazuo Tamura
OBJECTIVES: Despite the survival benefit and acceptable tolerability of eribulin for advanced/metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients pretreated with anthracyclines and taxanes, there is limited evidence of the clinical benefit of early eribulin use. We investigated the efficacy and safety of first- to third-line eribulin use in patients with MBC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this phase II, open-label, single-arm study conducted at 14 sites in Kyushu, Japan, women with histologically confirmed human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative MBC were enrolled between December 1, 2011 and November 30, 2013 (Data cut-off: November 30, 2014)...
January 2, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042625/efficacy-of-carboplatin-based-preoperative-chemotherapy-for-triple-negative-breast-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
Li-Yang Wang, Hua Xie, Hang Zhou, Wen-Xiu Yao, Xin Zhao, Yi Wang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of carboplatin-based preoperative chemotherapy in triple-negative breast cancer patients (TNBC). METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, the Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, major clinical trial registries, and abstract collections from major international meetings were systematically searched for relevant randomized controlled trials. Endpoints included rates of pathologic complete response (pCR), overall response (ORR), breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and toxicity...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982356/vertical-transmission-of-dengue-infection-the-first-putative-case-reported-in-china
#5
Xueru Yin, Xiaozhu Zhong, Shilei Pan
Dengue is a systemic viral infection that is commonly transmitted between humans via mosquitoes. Other modes of transmission such as the vertical one are rare and have been infrequently reported in the literature. This report investigates one case of vertical transmission of dengue in Guangzhou, China. A G1P1 lady at 39 weeks of gestation was referred to the Huzhong Hospital presenting a fever for two days. She subsequently developed a skin rash on the back and lower limb and at that time she had already experienced five days of fever...
December 8, 2016: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978904/-clinical-manifestations-of-10-cases-of-imported-human-zika-virus-disease-in-jiangmen-city-of-china
#6
N C Zheng, Y H Liu, Q Chen, M T Chen, C G Zheng, Z W Yang, J Hu, J H Liang, M H Xue, A Q Chen, Q W Feng
Objective: To study the clinical manifestations and detection method for imported patients of Zika virus disease. Method: The records of symptoms, signs and laboratory results were collected and analyzed. The specimen of blood, saliva and urine from patients were collected. Results: Two of ten patients had mild fever. The visible cutaneous maculopapular rash of the trunk and extremities was observed in all patients. Seven patients were observed congestive conjunctivitis and only one patient gave an account of itching...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957305/a-comparative-study-of-cisplatin-based-definitive-chemo-radiation-in-non-metastatic-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-esophagus
#7
Bahram Mofid, Abolfazl Razzaghdoust, Amir Shahram Yousefi Kashi, Hamid Reza Mirzaei
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal cancer is the seventh most frequent malignancy in Iranian men and the fourth most common cancer in Iranian women. It is also among the 10 most frequent cancers in the world. Definitive chemo-radiation using cisplatin with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is known as the standard of care among various chemotherapy regimens used with esophageal cancer patients who are not eligible for surgery. Cisplatin with paclitaxel and cisplatin with irinotecan also have been used often during the past five years...
October 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931586/observational-study-of-methotrexate-in-the-treatment-of-bronchiolitis-obliterans-syndrome
#8
S Sithamparanathan, L Thirugnanasothy, K E Morley, A J Fisher, J L Lordan, G Meachery, G Parry, P A Corris
BACKGROUND: Methotrexate (MTX) is potential change in immunosuppression after lung transplantation that may help to slow down the decline in lung function in bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). METHODS: We sought to analyze the safety and efficacy of MTX in patients with BOS, by retrospective case review. RESULTS: Thirty lung allograft patients were treated with MTX for BOS after one bilateral lower lobe, nine single, 16 bilateral, and four heart-lung transplants...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931230/feasibility-and-efficacy-of-gemcitabine-and-docetaxel-combination-chemotherapy-for-bone-and-soft-tissue-sarcomas-multi-institutional-retrospective-analysis-of-134-patients
#9
Kazuhiro Tanaka, Susumu Joyama, Hirokazu Chuman, Hiroaki Hiraga, Hideo Morioka, Hideki Yoshikawa, Masami Hosaka, Mitsuru Takahashi, Tadahiko Kubo, Hiroshi Hatano, Mitsunori Kaya, Junya Toguchida, Yoshihiro Nishida, Akihito Nagano, Hiroshi Tsumura, Yukihide Iwamoto
BACKGROUND: Bone and soft tissue sarcomas (BSTS) are rare malignant tumors. Recently, the combination of gemcitabine and docetaxel (GD) was shown to have activity as second-line setting in BSTS. However, the efficacy as first-line and adjuvant settings and precise profiles of adverse events in Japanese patients are not known yet. In the present study, the feasibility and efficacy of GD in patients with BSTS were investigated. METHODS: Patients with BSTS treated with GD in our institutions were retrospectively analyzed...
December 8, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927707/pancytopenia-associated-with-levetiracetam-in-an-epileptic-woman
#10
Rafael García Carretero, Marta Romero Brugera, Monica Olid-Velilla, Inmaculada Salamanca-Ramirez
Haematological toxicity due to antiepileptic drugs is uncommon, but the increased risk of aplastic anaemia has been reported. Few case reports have been published regarding pancytopenia associated with levetiracetam treatment, and its intrinsic pathogenesis is still unknown. We describe the case of a woman aged 77 years who presented with abdominal pain and loss of appetite. She had been taking valproic acid, due to a previous episode of epileptic seizures, and presented with drowsiness and dizziness. Valproate was discontinued and therapy with levetiracetam was initiated...
December 7, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899121/meta-analysis-of-the-clinical-and-laboratory-parameters-of-sfts-patients-in-china
#11
Miao-Miao Liu, Xiao-Ying Lei, Xue-Jie Yu
BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging hemorrhagic fever in East Asia, which is caused by a novel bunyavirus-SFTSV. Many studies have reported the clinical characters of SFTS patients, but the reports were not consistent and a systematic summary of clinical manifestations and laboratory parameters are not available. METHOD: A comprehensive literature research of Web of Science, PubMed, Wan Fang Data, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases was conducted on articles which have described the clinical characters of SFTS patients...
November 29, 2016: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896406/evaluation-of-rex-shunt-on-cavernous-transformation-of-the-portal-vein-in-children
#12
Ruo-Yi Wang, Jun-Feng Wang, Xiao-Gang Sun, Qian Liu, Jia-Long Xu, Qi-Gang Lv, Wei-Xiu Chen, Jin-Liang Li
BACKGROUND: Children with cavernous transformation of the portal vein (CTPV) develop severe complications from prehepatic portal hypertension, such as recurrent variceal bleeding and thrombocytopenia. In this study, we reported the results of 30 children with symptomatic CTPV that were treated by a Rex shunt. The effectiveness of this surgical approach was evaluated. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of 30 children aged between 3 and 18 years with CTPV, who underwent a Rex shunt between 2008 and 2015...
November 28, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877087/il28b-snp-rs12979860-is-the-critical-predictor-for-sustained-viral-response-in-chinese-children-aged-1-to-6-years-with-chronic-hepatitis-c
#13
Yan-Wei Zhong, Hong-Fei Zhang, Yan-Min Shi, Yong-Li Li, Fang Chu, Zhi-Qiang Xu, Da-Wei Chen, Yu Gan, Fu-Chuan Wang, Mei-Lei Gu, Yi Dong, Shi-Shu Zhu, Ce Shi, Hua-Hao Fan, Xiu-Chang Zhang, Min Zhang
Clinical data on children with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) remain extremely limited. This study investigated sustained virologic response (SVR) to alfa-interferon 2b plus RBV treatment in children aged 1-6 years with unsafe injection-acquired CHC. 154 children with CHC aged 1 to 6 years were enrolled, 101 of them were male (65.6%) and 53 were female (34.4%), and they were treated with alfa-interferon at a dose of 1-5 MIU/m(2) 3 times weekly plus oral RBV (15 mg/kg/day) for 48 weeks. 57(39.3 %) of them were genotype 1b, 73(50...
2016: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864697/characteristics-of-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-patients-with-igg4-positive-plasma-cells-infiltration-in-the-labial-salivary-glands
#14
Chang Liu, Huayong Zhang, Genhong Yao, Yunxia Hu, Jingjing Qi, Yan Wang, Weiwei Chen, Xiaojun Tang, Wenchao Li, Liwei Lu, Luo Gu, Lingyun Sun
The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) patients with IgG4 positive (IgG4(+)) plasma cell infiltration in labial salivary glands (LSGs). Paraffin sections of LSGs from 336 pSS patients were stained with IgG4 and IgG monoclonal antibodies. According to the infiltration of IgG4(+) plasma cells, patients were divided and clinical and serological characteristics were analyzed and compared. Based on the infiltration of IgG4(+) plasma cells in the LSGs, patients were divided into three subgroups, low IgG4, moderate IgG4, and high IgG4 groups...
November 18, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862501/staphylococcus-aureus-penetrate-the-interkeratinocyte-spaces-created-by-skin-infiltrating-neutrophils-in-a-mouse-model-of-impetigo
#15
Ichiro Imanishi, Shinpei Hattori, Junzo Hisatsune, Kaori Ide, Motoyuki Sugai, Koji Nishifuji
BACKGROUND: Impetigo is a bacterial skin disease characterized by intraepidermal neutrophilic pustules. Previous studies have demonstrated that exfoliative toxin producing staphylococci are isolated in the cutaneous lesions of human and canine impetigo. However, the mechanisms of intraepidermal splitting in impetigo remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine how staphylococci penetrate the living epidermis and create intraepidermal pustules in vivo using a mouse model of impetigo...
November 13, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845907/matched-analysis-of-induction-chemotherapy-plus-chemoradiotherapy-versus-induction-chemotherapy-plus-radiotherapy-alone-in-locoregionally-advanced-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-a-multicenter-study
#16
Bin Zhang, Ying Hu, Rui-Hua Xiong, Yu-Fei Pan, Qian-Lan Xu, Xiang-Yun Kong, Rui Cai, Qiu-Qiu Chen, Hua-Ying Tang, Wei Jiang
BACKGROUND: The relative efficacy of induction chemotherapy (IC) followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) versus IC followed by radiotherapy (RT) alone in locoregionally advanced NPC remains unclear. METHODS: A total of 877 patients with locally advanced NPC who underwent IC/CCRT or IC/RT at four institutions in China between January 2004 and December 2010 were retrospectively assessed. IC was cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy; concurrent chemotherapy, single agent cisplatin...
November 10, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807901/canine-pyometra-what-is-new
#17
R Hagman
Pyometra is a common disease in countries where elective spaying is not routinely performed. Hormonal and bacterial factors are fundamental in the pathogenesis of the disease, which manifests itself as a potentially life-threatening bacterial infection of the uterus. Surgical ovariohysterectomy is the safest and most effective treatment for pyometra, and it has recently been shown that laparoscopically assisted methods for surgical treatment are feasible to use in selected cases. New protocols for improved medical treatment alternatives have also been tested with promising results...
November 3, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803607/progression-pattern-and-adverse-events-with-bevacizumab-in-glioblastoma
#18
A Mamo, A Baig, M Azam, Y S Rho, S Sahebjam, T Muanza, S Owen, K Petrecca, M C Guiot, J Al-Shami, R Sharma, P Kavan
BACKGROUND: The use of bevacizumab in the management of glioblastoma multiforme (gbm) remains controversial. In Canada, bevacizumab is approved for the treatment of recurrent gbm. We describe a pattern of progression across treatment lines in gbm. METHODS: During 2008-2014, 64 patients diagnosed with gbm were treated with bevacizumab at McGill University hospitals. Of those patients, 30 (46.9%) received bevacizumab in the first line (B1L), and 34 (53.1%) received it in the second line and beyond (B2L+)...
October 2016: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789470/topotecan-plus-carboplatin-versus-standard-therapy-with-paclitaxel-plus-carboplatin-pc-or-gemcitabine-plus-carboplatin-gc-or-pegylated-liposomal-doxorubicin-plus-carboplatin-pldc-a-randomized-phase-iii-trial-of-the-noggo-ago-study-group-ago-austria-and-geico
#19
J Sehouli, R Chekerov, A Reinthaller, R Richter, A Gonzalez-Martin, P Harter, H Woopen, E Petru, L C Hanker, E Keil, P Wimberger, P Klare, C Kurzeder, F Hilpert, A K Belau, A Zeimet, I Bover-Barcelo, U Canzler, S Mahner, W Meier
BACKGROUND: Randomized, phase III trial to evaluate safety and efficacy of topotecan and carboplatin (TC) compared with standard platinum-based combinations in platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to the experimental TC arm (topotecan 0.75 mg/m(2)/ days 1-3 and carboplatin AUC 5 on day 3 every 3 weeks) or to one of the standard regimes [(PC) paclitaxel plus carboplatin; (GC) gemcitabine plus carboplatin; (PLDC) pegylated liposomal doxorubicin and carboplatin] which could be chosen by individual preference but before randomization...
December 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784374/-effect-of-bd-regimen-combined-with-cyclophosphamide-and-pirarubicin-in-treatment-of-relapse-refractory-multiple-myeloma
#20
Yu-Fen Wang, Wen-Jun Xu, Yu-Li Chen, Xiao-Huan Ma, Zhi-Yuan Qiu, Cui-Ai Ren
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of BD regimen combined with cyclophosphamide(CTX) and pirarubicin chemotherapy(P-CAD) for patients with relapse/refractory multiple myeloma(MM). METHODS: Twenty-eight cases of relapse/refractory MM were enrolled in a group of P-CAD regimen, 36 cases of relapse/retractory MM treated with BD were used as controls. The therapeutic efficacy and adverse reactions of 2 regimens for patients with relapse/retractory MM were compared and analyzed...
October 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
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