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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706257/efficacy-and-safety-of-taxane-based-systemic-chemotherapy-of-advanced-gastric-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Jinxin Shi, Peng Gao, Yongxi Song, Xiaowan Chen, Yuan Li, Changwang Zhang, Hongchi Wang, Zhenning Wang
Taxanes are chemotherapeutic agents commonly used to treat several cancers. However, the effects of taxanes on advanced gastric cancer (AGC) are still not clear, especially when used as a first-line treatment. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to investigate the efficacy and safety of taxanes as a first-line treatment of AGC. The quality of our included studies was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool for RCTs and NOS scale for nRCTs, and the data of the included studies was of satisfactory quality to analyze...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697906/the-case-a-patient-with-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-positive-vasculitis-on-treatment-with-fever-and-leucopenia
#2
Maya Kemps, Jacobien C Verhave, Mark A A Claassen, Janneke Ruinemans-Koerts, Ellen van der Spek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693208/efficacy-and-safety-of-sox-chemotherapy-with-or-without-surgery-in-afp-producing-advanced-gastric-cancer
#3
Zhu Li, Xu Hou, Juan Chen, Huidong Sun, Yuetang Mi, Yongling Sui, Yuhong Li, Jiaping Xie, Yingli Qiao, Xiaofeng Lei, Xiaoshuang Che, Jun Liu
The present study investigated the clinical efficacy of S-1 plus oxaliplatin (SOX) regimen, with or without surgery in α-fetoprotein-producing gastric cancer (APGC) with liver metastasis. A total of 24 patients with APGC treated at the Liaocheng People's Hospital between January 2011 and December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical efficacy and patient safety were compared between the two groups. The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in the SOX group were 6.5 [95% confidence interval (CI), 4...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691425/tolerance-of-combined-radiochemotherapy-in-cervical-cancer-patients
#4
Barbara Izmajłowicz, Małgorzata Rusiecka, Aleksandra Sztuder, Marcin Stępień, Agnieszka Ignatowicz- Pacyna, Beata Słocka- Romaniuk, Zbigniew Mazur, Jan Kornafel
BACKGROUND: Radiochemotherapy in cervical cancer was implemented to clinical practice based on five randomized clinical trials, published at the end of 20th century, which showed improvement in total and symptomless survivals by about 10 to 18 %. The increase of therapeutic index of such treatment can take place only at the advantage of the efficiency over the increase of its toxicity. Thus, it is necessary to monitor treatment reaction during radiochemotherapy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the acute post-radiation reaction during radiochemotherapy for cervical cancer and the analysis of the reasons of the unplanned course of combined treatment...
June 27, 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683707/docetaxel-in-hormone-sensitive-advanced-prostate-cancer-genesis-sefh-evaluation-reporta
#5
Juan Carlos García de Paredes Esteban, Emilio Jesús Alegre Del Rey, Rocío Asensi Díez
Prostate cancer (PC) is the most common urogenital malignancy in older men and the second leading cause of death by cancer in men in Europe. Current therapeutic practice considers Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT) as first line treatment for clinically localized prostate cancer at high-risk, either locally advanced or metastatic. ADT can be achieved through orchiectomy (surgical castration), luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists, or through complete androgen blockade (LHRH agonist combined with an anti-androgen)...
July 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678811/preliminary-fast-diagnosis-of-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-with-clinical-and-epidemiological-parameters
#6
Jianli Hu, Zhifeng Li, Lei Hong, Changjun Bao, Zhong Zhang, Hongying Zhang, Hao He, Xiaochen Wang, Wendong Liu, Zhihang Peng, Limin Shi, Fengcai Zhu
OBJECTIVES: To identify specific clinical and epidemiological parameters for clinical diagnosis of SFTSV infection with relatively higher accuracy. METHODS: 231 suspected cases of SFTS were reported by various medical institutions from 2011 to 2013 in Jiangsu Province, China. They were followed with SFTSV diagnosis tests and interview-administered questionnaires about demographic characteristics, clinical symptoms and epidemiological exposure factors. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis were used to examine the diagnostic value of these parameters...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662883/paritaprevir-ritonavir-ombitasvir-plus-dasabuvir-with-ribavirin-for-treatment-of-recurrent-chronic-hepatitis-c-genotype-1-infection-after-liver-transplantation-real-world-experience
#7
Ming-Lung Yu, Yao-Li Chen, Chung-Feng Huang, Kuo-Hua Lin, Ming-Lun Yeh, Ching-I Huang, Meng-Hsuan Hsieh, Zu-Yau Lin, Shinn-Cherng Chen, Jee-Fu Huang, Chia-Yen Dai, Wan-Long Chuang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The registered trial has demonstrated that paritaprevir/ritonavir/ombitasvir plus dasabuvir (PrOD) with ribavirin was effective for recurrent hepatitis C virus genotype 1 (HCV-1) infection after liver transplantation in patients with mild fibrosis; however, the real-world efficacy and safety of this regimen have not been determined. METHODS: The efficacy (sustained virological response, SVR12, undetectable HCV RNA 12 weeks post-treatment) and safety were evaluated in 12 patients with recurrent HCV-1 infection after liver transplantation...
June 26, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651927/doxorubicin-plus-evofosfamide-versus-doxorubicin-alone-in-locally-advanced-unresectable-or-metastatic-soft-tissue-sarcoma-th-cr-406-sarc021-an-international-multicentre-open-label-randomised-phase-3-trial
#8
William D Tap, Zsuzsanna Papai, Brian A Van Tine, Steven Attia, Kristen N Ganjoo, Robin L Jones, Scott Schuetze, Damon Reed, Sant P Chawla, Richard F Riedel, Anders Krarup-Hansen, Maud Toulmonde, Isabelle Ray-Coquard, Peter Hohenberger, Giovanni Grignani, Lee D Cranmer, Scott Okuno, Mark Agulnik, William Read, Christopher W Ryan, Thierry Alcindor, Xavier F Garcia Del Muro, G Thomas Budd, Hussein Tawbi, Tillman Pearce, Stew Kroll, Denise K Reinke, Patrick Schöffski
BACKGROUND: Evofosfamide is a hypoxia-activated prodrug of bromo-isophosphoramide mustard. We aimed to assess the benefit of adding evofosfamide to doxorubicin as first-line therapy for advanced soft-tissue sarcomas. METHODS: We did this international, open-label, randomised, phase 3, multicentre trial (TH CR-406/SARC021) at 81 academic or community investigational sites in 13 countries. Eligible patients were aged 15 years or older with a diagnosis of an advanced unresectable or metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma, of intermediate or high grade, for which no standard curative therapy was available, an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-1, and measurable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1...
June 23, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640126/prolonged-methylprednisolone-therapy-after-the-pulse-treatment-for-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-paraquat-poisoning-a-retrospective-analysis
#9
Jie Gao, ShunYi Feng, Jian Wang, SiYuan Yang, Yong Li
This retrospective study aims to evaluate the effect of prolonged methylprednisolone (MP) therapy on the mortality of patients with moderate-to-severe paraquat (PQ) poisoning after the pulse treatment.We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with acute moderate-to-severe PQ poisoning that were admitted to the emergency department from May 2012 to August 2016. Out of 138 patients, 60 were treated with pulse treatment (15 mg kg day MP for 3 days) and 78 were treated with prolonged MP therapy after pulse treatment (15 mg kg day MP for 3 days; afterward, the dosage was reduced in half every 2 days, and the MP therapy was terminated until 0...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638687/aneurysm-of-the-ascending-aorta-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Hector Corominas, Maria Tsokos, Martha Quezado, George C Tsokos
Cardiovascular manifestations in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are common, but aortic aneurysm formation is rare. We present a 63-year-old male SLE patient with a two-year history of skin lesions, leucopenia, pericarditis, mitral valve vegetations consistent with Liebman-Sacks endocarditis, and an aneurysm of the ascending aorta, which was successfully repaired surgically. Histologic examination of the aneurysm showed medial cystic degeneration, smooth muscle necrosis, and mild adventitial perivascular lymphocytic aggregates...
June 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634963/leucopenia-associated-with-metamizole-a-case-control-study
#11
Lea Blaser, Hala Hassna, Sarah Hofmann, Andreas Holbro, Manuel Haschke, Alexandra Rätz Bravo, Andreas Zeller, Stephan Krähenbühl, Anne Taegtmeyer
AIMS OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to identify possible risk factors for the development of leucopenia associated with metamizole use. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was performed. Cases of metamizole-associated leucopenia managed at a single centre (2005-2013) were characterised and compared with matched controls who took metamizole without developing complications. RESULTS: Fifty-seven cases and 139 controls were identified...
June 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626543/cerebral-stroke-in-a-teenage-girl-with-paroxysmal-nocturnal-hemoglobinuria
#12
Francesco Gervasi, Lucia D'Amelio, Antonino Trizzino, Fabrizia Ferraro, Delia Russo, Giuseppe Santangelo, Francesca Cardella, Angela Trizzino, Floriana Di Marco, Piero Farruggia
We report a case of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) in a 14 year-old girl presenting a cerebral arterial thrombosis. The initial diagnosis was carential anemia due to menarche following identification of slight macrocytic anemia, leucopenia and mild thrombocytopenia at routine blood analysis. The child was eventually referred to a children's hospital after the onset of progressive fatigue, anorexia and paleness. Severe anemia (hemoglobin 6 g/dL) with negative Coombs test, mild leucopenia (white blood cells 4...
June 1, 2017: Hematology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625341/efficacy-and-toxicity-of-metronomic-chemotherapy-in-metastatic-breast-cancer-egyptian-experience
#13
Marwa Mahmoud Hussein, Rabab Mohamed Gaafar, Ahmed Mostafa Abdel-Warith, Wafaa Abdallah Ahmed, Nasr Mohamed Ali Allahloubi, Salem Eid Salem, Ibrahem Mohamed Abdel-Salam
BACKGROUND: Metronomic chemotherapy (MC) has shown efficacy in patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC). We therefore tested the efficacy and toxicity of MC in pretreated MBC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective phase II study included 50 patients with heavily pretreated MBC who received MC in the form of continuous oral cyclophosphamide 50 mg/day and oral methotrexate 2.5 mg twice per day on days 1 and 2 every week. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS), whereas the secondary end points were response rate, overall survival (OS), and safety...
May 8, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577033/impact-of-acute-hematological-toxicity-on-treatment-interruptions-during-cranio-spinal-irradiation-in-medulloblastoma-a-tertiary-care-institute-experience
#14
Narendra Kumar, Raviteja Miriyala, Pragyat Thakur, Renu Madan, Pravin Salunke, Budhi Yadav, Ankita Gupta
To analyze treatment interruptions due to acute hematological toxicity in patients of medulloblastoma receiving cranio-spinal irradiation (CSI). Prospectively collected data from case records of 52 patients of medulloblastoma treated between 2011 and 2014 was evaluated. Blood counts were monitored twice a week during CSI. Spinal irradiation was interrupted for patients with ≥grade 2 hematological toxicity and resumed after recovery to grade 1 level (TLC >3000; platelet count >75,000). Treatment interruptions and hematological toxicity were analyzed...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567196/cytopenias-among-art-naive-patients-with-advanced-hiv-disease-on-enrolment-to-care-and-treatment-services-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Daniel W Gunda, Kahamba G Godfrey, Semvua B Kilonzo, Bonaventura C Mpondo
BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS causes high morbidity and mortality through both immunosuppression and complications not directly related to immunosuppression. Haematological abnormalities, including various cytopenias, occur commonly in HIV through immune and non-immune pathways. Though these complications could potentially cause serious clinical implications, published literature on the magnitude of this problem and its associated factors in Tanzania is scarce. This study aimed at determining the prevalence and risk factors of HIV-associated cytopenias among ART-naive patients enrolling for care and treatment services at Bugando Care and Treatment Centre (CTC) in Mwanza, Tanzania...
March 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538415/network-meta-analysis-of-chinese-herbal-injections-combined-with-the-chemotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-pancreatic-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Dan Zhang, Jiarui Wu, Shi Liu, Xiaomeng Zhang, Bing Zhang
BACKGROUND: This study sought to use a network meta-analysis to assess the effectiveness and safety of Chinese herbal injections (CHIs) combined with the chemotherapy for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding CHIs to treat pancreatic cancer were searched in PubMed, the Cochrane library, Embase, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI), the Wan-Fang Database, the Chinese Scientific Journals Full-text Database (VIP), and the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (SinoMed) up to November 2016...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516890/tocilizumab-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-real-clinical-practice-results-of-an-italian-observational-study
#17
Roberto Caporali, Luca Idolazzi, Stefano Bombardieri, Gianfranco Ferraccioli, Roberto Gerli, Marco Govoni, Marco Matucci Cerinic, Giovanni Pomponio, Fausto Salaffi, Rossella Tirri, Francesca Benaglio, Laura Bianchino, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini
OBJECTIVES: To describe the effectiveness and safety of tocilizumab (TCZ), an interleukin-6 receptor inhibitor, in a cohort of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) recruited in clinical practice. METHODS: TRUST was an observational study in RA patients who started treatment with TCZ in the 6 months prior to site activation and were still on treatment at start of study; patients were followed up to 12 months after the first TCZ infusion. RESULTS: 322 RA patients were enrolled in 59 Italian centres (mean age: 55...
May 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493175/treatment-for-lupus-nephritis-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#18
REVIEW
Yuehong Chen, Jianhong Sun, Kun Zou, Yuan Yang, Gang Liu
The aim is to systematically review the treatment for lupus nephritis (LN) by performing an overview of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Electronic databases of OVID MEDLINE, OVID EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were searched to identify published systematic reviews and meta-analyses investigating treatments for LN up to 13 July 2016. A measurement tool to assess systematic reviews (AMSTAR) was used to assess the quality of included studies. Totally, 24 studies were included. Of the eligible studies, 3 studies were rated as poor quality, 11 as moderate, and 10 as good...
July 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470355/association-of-nudt15-c-415c-t-allele-and-thiopurine-induced-leukocytopenia-in-asians-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
A L Zhang, J Yang, H Wang, J L Lu, S Tang, X J Zhang
BACKGROUND: Thiopurines, commonly used to treat autoimmune conditions and cancer, can be limited by life-threatening leucopenia. However, whether NUDT15 (nucleoside diphosphate-linked moiety X-type motif 15) is associated with thiopurine-induced leucopenia in Asians is controversial. METHODS: Relevant studies in English that were published until July 10, 2016 were identified through PubMed, EMbase, and other web knowledge databases. Study quality was assessed according to the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) criteria...
May 3, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466686/pre-operative-hyperfractionated-concurrent-radiochemotherapy-for-locally-advanced-rectal-cancers-a-phase-ii-clinical-study
#20
Adam Idasiak, Katarzyna Galwas-Kliber, Katarzyna Behrendt, Iwona Wziętek, Mariusz Kryj, Ewa Stobiecka, Ewa Chmielik, Rafał Suwiński
OBJECTIVE: The study was prospectively designed as a single-arm, single-institution prospective trial of pre-operative concomitant hyperfractionated radiotherapy (HART) with co-administration of chemotherapy based on 5-fluorouracil (5FU) in patients with T2/N+ or T3/any N resectable mid-low primary rectal cancer. The aim of the study was to assess the safety and efficacy of accelerated HART with concurrent 5FU-based chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. METHODS: Patients with resectable locally advanced (≥T3 or N+) rectal cancer were eligible...
June 2017: British Journal of Radiology
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