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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943391/cytogenetic-effects-of-jacareubin-from-calophyllum-brasiliense-on-human-peripheral-blood-mononucleated-cells-in-vitro-and-on-mouse-polychromatic-erythrocytes-in-vivo
#1
W R García-Niño, E Estrada-Muñiz, M Valverde, R Reyes-Chilpa, L Vega
Jacareubin is a xanthone isolated from the heartwood of Calophyllum brasiliense with antibacterial and gastroprotective properties and the intention for clinical use as an anti-cancer treatment (due to the similar chemical structure to other anti-neoplastic drugs) requires an investigation of whether this compound can generate adverse effects on non-transformed cells. Jacareubin (0.5-1000μM in DMSO) was more cytotoxic on phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs; IC50 at 72h by MTT: 85...
September 21, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940490/carvacryl-acetate-a-novel-semisynthetic-monoterpene-ester-binds-to-the-trpa1-receptor-and-is-effective-in-attenuating-irinotecan-induced-intestinal-mucositis-in-mice
#2
Elenice M Alvarenga, Nayara A Sousa, Simone de Araújo, José L P Júnior, Alyne R Araújo, Bruno Iles, Dvison M Pacífico, Gerly Anne C Brito, Emmanuel P Souza, Damião P Sousa, Jand Venes R Medeiros
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine whether carvacryl acetate acts as a TRPA1 receptor agonist and its effects against irinotecan (CPT-11) induced intestinal mucositis in mice. METHODS: TRPA1 structure was obtained from a protein databank, and the 3D structure of carvacryl acetate was determined. Appropriate binding conformations were discovered via automatic docking simulations. To determine the effect of carvacryl acetate in vivo, mice were treated with either DMSO 2%, CPT-11, carvacryl acetate followed by CPT-11, or HC-030031, a TRPA1 antagonist, followed by carvacryl acetate...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940034/protective-effects-of-chymostatin-on-paraquat-induced-acute-lung-injury-in-mice
#3
Chen Yang, Hong-Wei Song, Wei Liu, Xue-Song Dong, Zhi Liu
This study aims to evaluate the role of chymostatin in paraquat-induced acute lung injury. Institute of Cancer Research mice were randomly distributed into the NS, DMSO, chymostatin, paraquat or chymostatin treatment groups. Six mice from each group were intraperitoneally injected with chloral hydrate at 0, 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24 and 48 h after treatment administration. Blood samples were collected through cardiac puncture. Lung tissues were stained with haematoxylin and eosin for the observation of lung histology...
September 22, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939813/local-order-and-vibrational-coupling-of-the-c-o-stretching-mode-of-%C3%AE-caprolactone-in-liquid-binary-mixtures
#4
Wenwen Xu, Yanfang Sun, Xiaoping Dong, Si Li, Huigang Wang, Jiadan Xue, Xuming Zheng
The isotropic and anisotropic parts Raman spectra of γ-Caprolactone in the binary mixture at different concentrations have been measured. The non-coincidence effect (NCE) of γ-Caprolactone was determined in carbon tetrachloride solution and DMSO solution. The NCE of the ν11(C=O) stretching mode in the γ-Caprolactone/DMSO mixtures exhibits a linear plot, in contrast to that in the γ-Caprolactone/CCl4 mixtures, which shows an upward (convex) curvature. The reduction and enhancement of the dimer structure (short-range orientational order) of γ-Caprolactone in the γ-Caprolactone/DMSO and γ-Caprolactone/CCl4 mixtures respectively may play a major role in shifting of peak frequencies, thus the geometries of monomer and dimer of γ-Caprolactone were calculated at the B3LYP-D3/6-311 G (d,p) level of theory...
September 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936355/theoretical-and-experimental-study-of-the-antifreeze-protein-afp752-trehalose-and-dimethyl-sulfoxide-cryoprotection-mechanism-correlation-with-cryopreserved-cell-viability
#5
Irena Kratochvílová, Martin Golan, Karel Pomeisl, Jan Richter, Silvia Sedláková, Jakub Šebera, Júlia Mičová, Martin Falk, Iva Falková, David Řeha, K Wade Elliott, Krisztina Varga, Shelby E Follett, Daniel Šimek
In this work the physico-chemical properties of selected cryoprotectants (antifreeze protein TrxA-AFP752, trehalose and dimethyl sulfoxide) were correlated with their impact on the constitution of ice and influence on frozen/thawed cell viability. The freezing processes and states of investigated materials solutions were described and explained from a fundamental point of view using ab-initio modelling (molecular dynamics, DFT), Raman spectroscopy, Differential Scanning Calorimetry and X-Ray Diffraction. For the first time, in this work we correlated the microscopic view (modelling) with the description of the frozen solution states and put these results in the context of human skin fibroblast viability after freezing and thawing...
2017: RSC Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935585/developmental-exposure-to-low-concentrations-of-two-brominated-flame-retardants-bde-47-and-bde-99-causes-life-long-behavioral-alterations-in-zebrafish
#6
Lilah Glazer, Corinne N Wells, Meghan Drastal, Kathryn-Ann Odamah, Richard E Galat, Mamta Behl, Edward D Levin
BACKGROUND: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were widely used as flame retardants until the early 2000s, mainly in home furnishings and electronics. The persistence of PBDEs in the environment leads to continued ubiquitous exposure to low levels, with infants and children experiencing higher exposures than adults. Accumulating evidence suggest that low-level exposures during early life stages can affect brain development and lead to long-term behavioral impairments. We investigated the effects of zebrafish exposure to low doses of the two prominent PBDEs; 2,2',4,4',5,-Pentabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-99) and 2,2',4,4',-Tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47), during embryo-development on short- and long-term behavioral endpoints...
September 18, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934366/early-metabolite-changes-after-melatonin-treatment-in-neonatal-rats-with-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury-studied-by-in-vivo1h-mr-spectroscopy
#7
Hester Rijkje Berger, Axel K G Nyman, Tora Sund Morken, Riyas Vettukattil, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Marius Widerøe
Melatonin is a promising neuroprotective agent after perinatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury. We used in-vivo 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy to investigate effects of melatonin treatment on brain metabolism after HI. Postnatal day 7 Sprague-Dawley rats with unilateral HI brain injury were treated with either melatonin 10 mg/kg dissolved in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) with 5% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or vehicle (5% DMSO and/or PBS) directly and at 6 hours after HI. 1H MR spectra from the thalamus in the ipsilateral and contralateral hemisphere were acquired 1 day after HI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933544/conformational-dynamics-and-exchange-kinetics-of-n-formyl-and-n-acetyl-groups-substituting-3-amino-3-6-dideoxy-%C3%AE-d-galactopyranose-a-sugar-found-in-bacterial-o-antigen-polysaccharides
#8
Olof Engström, Hani Mobarak, Jonas Ståhle, Göran Widmalm
Three dimensional shape and conformation of carbohydrates are important factors in molecular recognition events and the N-acetyl group of a monosaccharide residue can function as a conformational gatekeeper whereby it influences the overall shape of the oligosaccharide. NMR spectroscopy and quantum mechanics (QM) calculations are used herein to investigate both the conformational preferences and the dynamic behavior of N-acetyl and N-formyl substituents of 3-amino-3,6-dideoxy-α-D-galactopyranose, a sugar and substitution patterns found in bacterial O-antigen polysaccharides...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933501/agotf-catalyzed-sequential-synthesis-of-4-isoquinolones-via-oxidative-ring-opening-of-aziridines-and-aza-michael-addition
#9
Siyang Xing, Hong Cui, Nan Gu, Ying Li, Kui Wang, Dawei Tian, Jiajing Qin, Qiaoyang Liu
An efficient AgOTf-catalyzed sequential reaction involving the oxidative ring-opening of aziridines by DMSO and aza-Michael addition has been developed. A series of 2,3-dihydro-4(1H)-isoquinolones were afforded in moderate to good yields by the formation of one new C[double bond, length as m-dash]O bond and one new C-N bond. The features of this sequential reaction include high bonding efficiency, use of a catalytic amount of catalysts, a broad substrate scope and mild conditions. This methodology provides a good choice for constructing the libraries of 2,3-dihydro-4(1H)-isoquinolones...
September 21, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933462/halogen-bonded-iodonium-ion-catalysis-a-route-to-%C3%AE-hydroxy-ketones-via-domino-oxidations-of-secondary-alcohols-and-aliphatic-c-h-bonds-with-high-selectivity-and-control
#10
Somraj Guha, Imran Kazi, Pranamita Mukherjee, Govindasamy Sekar
A domino synthesis of α-hydroxy ketones has been developed from benzylic secondary alcohols employing catalytic iodonium ions stabilized by DMSO. The reaction proceeds through an unprecedented sequential oxidation of alcohols to ketone and its α-hydroxylation in a controlled manner. The spectroscopic evidence establishes the possibility of formation of a stable halogen-bonded adduct between DMSO and iodonium ions.
September 21, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932454/crystal-structure-of-chlorido-dimethyl-sulfoxide-%C3%AE%C2%BAs-bis-4-pyridin-2-yl-benzaldehyde-%C3%AE%C2%BA-3-c-2-n-iridium-iii-aceto-nitrile-monosolvate
#11
Andrew J Peloquin, Madelyn B Smith, Gary J Balaich, Scott T Iacono
The title compound, [IrCl(C12H8NO)2{(CH3)2SO}]·H3CCN or [IrCl(fppy)2(DMSO)]·H3CCN [where fppy is 4-(pyridin-2-yl)benzaldehyde and DMSO is dimethyl sulfoxide], is a mononuclear iridium(III) complex including two fppy ligands, a sulfur-coordinating DMSO ligand, and one terminal chloride ligand that define a distorted octa-hedral coordination sphere. The complex crystallizes from 1:1 DMSO-aceto-nitrile as an aceto-nitrile solvate. In the crystal, weak C-H⋯O and C-H⋯N hydrogen-bonding inter-actions between adjacent complexes and between the aceto-nitrile solvent and the complex consolidate the packing...
September 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928968/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-dimethylsulphoxide-on-morphology-cellular-viability-mrna-and-protein-expression-of-stem-cells-culture-in-growth-media
#12
Hyunjin Lee, Jun-Beom Park
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of differential concentration of dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) on the morphology, cell viability, mRNA, and protein expression of stem cells obtained from the intraoral area. Stem cells derived obtained from gingiva were cultured in a growth medium in the presence of DMSO at concentrations ranging from 0.01 to 10%. The morphology and cellular viability were evaluated on days 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to evaluate the mRNA levels of collagen I and Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2)...
October 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926773/dectin-1-is-essential-for-il-1%C3%AE-production-through-jnk-activation-and-apoptosis-in-aspergillus-fumigatus-keratitis
#13
Kelan Yuan, Guiqiu Zhao, Chengye Che, Cui Li, Jing Lin, Guoqiang Zhu, Kun He
PURPOSE: To investigate the role of phosphorylated JNK in Dectin-1-induced IL-1β production and the role of Dectin-1 in apoptosis in mouse Aspergillus fumigatus (A. fumigatus) keratitis. METHODS: Mice corneas were pretreated with Dectin-1 siRNA or SP600125 (the inhibitor of JNK) before A. fumigatus infection. THP-1 macrophages were preincubated with SP600125 before the stimulation of A. fumigatus conidia. Dectin-1, IL-1β, JNK, Bax, Bcl-2, cytochrome-c (cyt-c), caspase-9, caspase-8 and caspase-3 expressions were tested by PCR, Western blot, or Immunofluorescence staining...
September 16, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926691/cobalt-porphyrin-thiazyl-radical-coordination-polymers-towards-metal-organic-electronics
#14
Delia A Haynes, Laura J van Laeren, Orde Q Munro
Herein we delineate an unusual one-dimensional coordination polymer (CP), 3, prepared from S = ½ Co(TPP), 1, (TPP = 5,10,15,20-tetraphenylporphyrin dianion) and S = ½ 4-(4'-pyridyl)-1,2,3,5-dithiadiazolyl (py-DTDA) radical, 2. The atypically long S-S distance for CP 3 (2.12 Å) reflects fractional electron transfer from the formally Co(II) ion into the antibonding π-SOMO of the metal-bound py-DTDA bridging ligand. The bonding in solid CP 3 involves non-integer redox states in a resonance hybrid repeat unit best formulated as [Co(TPP)](0...
September 19, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926039/tuning-linkage-isomerism-and-magnetic-properties-of-bi-and-tri-metallic-cage-silsesquioxanes-by-cation-and-solvent-effects
#15
Alexey N Bilyachenko, Alexander A Korlyukov, Anna V Vologzhanina, Victor N Khrustalev, Alena N Kulakova, Jérôme Long, Joulia Larionova, Yannick Guari, Marina S Dronova, Ulyana S Tsareva, Pavel V Dorovatovskii, Elena S Shubina, Mikhail M Levitsky
Herein, the effect of replacement of the surrounding solvent and/or the partial substitution of sodium ions in the cage-like copper, sodium phenylsilsesquioxane [(PhSiO1.5)12(CuO)4(NaO0.5)4(n-BuOH)6] 1 with a globular structure was investigated; the synthesis of ten new derivatives of complex 1 was performed, and their crystal structures were determined. Solvate replacement of n-butanol in 1 with dimethyl sulfoxide, acetonitrile, 1,4-dioxane/EtOH, and 1,4-dioxane/PhCN afforded the complexes [(PhSiO1.5)12(CuO)4(NaO0...
September 19, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925166/-comparison-of-pharmacokinetics-of-curcumin-in-rats-administered-with-two-kinds-of-polymeric-micelles
#16
Di Zhang, Qian Xu, Ke Liu, Hui Xu
To investigate the effect of end-capped modification of mPEG-PLA with Boc-phenylalanine(BP) on pharmacokinetic characteristics of curcumin(CUR) loaded micelles, and then provide experimental evidence for prescription optimization. Healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups and they were intravenously administered with a single injection of CUR-mPEG-PLA micelles, CUR-mPEG-PLA-BP micelles and reference formulations DMSO solution(n=6). The doses were 20 mg•kg⁻¹ in term of CUR. Blood samples were collected before and after administration, and the concentration of curcumin in blood plasma was determined by HPLC to draw time-concentration curve...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923564/multi-step-synthesis-spectroscopic-studies-of-biological-active-steroidal-thiosemicarbazones-and-their-palladium-ii-complex-as-macromolecules
#17
Salman A Khan, Abdullah M Asiri
Steroidal Pd (II) metal complexes were synthesized by the reaction of steroidal thiosemicarbazones with [Pd (DMSO)2 Cl2]. The steroidal thiosemicarbazones coordinate to palladium through the azomethine nitrogen and thionic sulfur. The thiosemicarbazone derivatives were obtained by the reaction of thiosemicarbazide with steroidal ketones. The identity of steroidal thiosemicarbazones and their Pd(II) metal complexes were elucidated by IR, (1)H, (13)C NMR, FAB mass spectroscopic methods, elemental analysis and TGA analysis...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923384/synthesis-and-structure-elucidation-of-novel-salophen-based-dioxo-uranium-vi-complexes-in-vitro-and-in-silico-studies-of-their-dna-bsa-binding-properties-and-anticancer-activity
#18
S Yousef Ebrahimipour, Maryam Mohamadi, Masoud Torkzadeh Mahani, Jim Simpson, Joel T Mague, Iran Sheikhshoaei
The synthesis and characterization of three dioxo U(VI) complexes, [UO2(L(1))(OH2)], [UO2(L(2))DMF], and [UO2(L(2))DMSO], [L(1)](2-) = 1,1'-(4-methyl-1,2-phenylenebis (nitrilomethylidyne))di-2-naphtholate: [L(2)](2-) = 1,1'-(o-phenylenebis (nitrilomethylidyne)) di-2-naphtholate, are reported. Elemental analysis, FT-IR, (1)HNMR, UV-Vis spectroscopy, molar conductivity and single crystal X-ray diffraction were used to characterize the complexes. It was found that the complexes adopt a distorted pentagonal bipyramidal coordination geometry...
September 4, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919679/effects-of-intramammary-infusion-of-sage-salvia-officinalis-essential-oil-on-milk-somatic-cell-count-milk-composition-parameters-and-selected-hematology-and-serum-biochemical-parameters-in-awassi-sheep-with-subclinical-mastitis
#19
Myassar O Alekish, Zuhair B Ismail, Mofleh S Awawdeh, Shoroq Shatnawi
AIM: The aims of this study were to evaluate the effects of intramammary infusion of sage (Salvia officinalis) essential oil (EO) on milk somatic cell count (SCC), milk composition parameters and selected hematology and serum biochemical parameters in 20 Awassi ewes affected with subclinical mastitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The dried leaves of sage were used to extract the EO by hydrodistillation. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of sage EO against Staphylococcus aureus were determined by the broth dilution method...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917733/stabilization-of-gas-phase-uranyl-complexes-enables-rapid-speciation-using-electrospray-ionization-and-ion-mobility-mass-spectrometry
#20
Austen L Davis, Brian H Clowers
Significant challenges exist when characterizing f-element complexes in solution using traditional approaches such as electrochemical and spectroscopic techniques as they do not always capture information for lower abundance species. However, provided a metal-complex with sufficient stability, soft ionization techniques such as electrospray offer a means to quantify and probe the characteristics of such systems using mass spectrometry. Unfortunately, the gas-phase species observed in ESI-MS systems do not always reflect the solution phase distributions due to the inherent electrochemical mechanism of the electrospray process, ion transfer from ambient to low pressures conditions, and other factors that are related to droplet evaporation...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
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