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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432497/immobilization-of-ulp1-protease-on-nhs-activated-sepharose-a-useful-tool-for-cleavage-of-the-sumo-tag-of-recombinant-proteins
#1
Qiujin Liang, Zhengzhi Huang, Yuan Zhang, Hongtao Li
OBJECTIVE: To fabricate an active and stable enzyme through covalent immobilization, a Ubl-specific protease (Ulp1) was used to cleave small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) fusion proteins. RESULTS: We immobilized Ulp1 on N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS)-activated Sepharose with a coupling efficiency of 1.7 mg/ml. The immobilized Ulp1 maintains 95% substrate-cleavage ability and significantly enhances pH and thermal stability, especially can withstand pH of 10.5. Besides resistance against some small molecules, the immobilized Ulp1 can tolerate 15% (v/v) DMSO and 20% (v/v) ethanol...
April 21, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430805/effect-of-the-glucocorticoid-receptor-antagonist-ru486-on-mk-801-induced-behavioural-sensitisation
#2
Emilia M Lefevre, Gregory A Medley, Timothy Reeks, Suzy Alexander, Thomas H J Burne, Darryl W Eyles
Stress is known to modulate sensitisation to repeated psychostimulant exposure. However, there is no direct evidence linking glucocorticoids and sensitisation achieved by repeated administration of the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801. We tested the hypothesis that co-administration of RU486, a glucocorticoid receptor (GR) antagonist, prior to repeated daily MK-801 injections would block the expression of locomotor sensitisation due to its dual effects on corticosterone and dopamine. We employed a repeated MK-801 administration locomotor sensitisation paradigm in male Sprague Dawley rats...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430780/the-importance-of-standardization-for-biodiversity-comparisons-a-case-study-using-autonomous-reef-monitoring-structures-arms-and-metabarcoding-to-measure-cryptic-diversity-on-mo-orea-coral-reefs-french-polynesia
#3
Emma Ransome, Jonathan B Geller, Molly Timmers, Matthieu Leray, Angka Mahardini, Andrianus Sembiring, Allen G Collins, Christopher P Meyer
The advancement of metabarcoding techniques, declining costs of high-throughput sequencing and development of systematic sampling devices, such as autonomous reef monitoring structures (ARMS), have provided the means to gather a vast amount of diversity data from cryptic marine communities. However, such increased capability could also lead to analytical challenges if the methods used to examine these communities across local and global scales are not standardized. Here we compare and assess the underlying biases of four ARMS field processing methods, preservation media, and current bioinformatic pipelines in evaluating diversity from cytochrome c oxidase I metabarcoding data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427132/-influences-of-abar-gene-on-biofilm-formation-of-acinetobacter-baumannii
#4
H N Guo, J Xiang
Objective: To detect drug-resistant phenotype and abaR gene of Acinetobacter baumannii (AB) and investigate influences of abaR gene on biofilm formation of AB. Methods: From February to July 2014, 159 strains AB were collected from Department of Clinical Microbiology of Ruijin Hospital of School of Medicine of Shanghai JiaoTong University and numbered starting from 1 according time when they were collected. (1) The above-mentioned 159 strains of AB were identified by detecting gene sequence of 16S ribosomal DNA...
April 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426717/adjusting-cryodiluent-composition-for-improved-post-thaw-quality-of-rabbit-spermatozoa
#5
Sally E Hall, Cameron Negus, Danielle Johinke, Roslyn Bathgate
Improved fertility following artificial insemination with frozen-thawed spermatozoa would offer rabbit producers faster genetic improvement. Previous work investigating cryoprotectants for rabbit spermatozoa have reported inconsistent results. Semen was collected from three rabbit bucks by artificial vagina and frozen using a standard procedure with varied cryodiluent components. Post-thaw analysis encompassed motility, sperm kinematic parameters and acrosome and membrane integrity. Spermatozoa were evaluated at 0, 2 and 4 h after thawing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425710/solvation-structure-of-1-3-butanediol-in-aqueous-binary-solvents-with-acetonitrile-1-4-dioxane-and-dimethyl-sulfoxide-studied-by-ir-nmr-and-molecular-dynamics-simulation
#6
Toshiyuki Takamuku, Yasuhito Higuma, Masaru Matsugami, Takahiro To, Tatsuya Umecky
The solvation structure of 1,3-butanediol (1,3-BD) in aqueous binary solvents of acetonitrile (AN), 1,4-dioxane (DIO), and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) at various mole fractions of organic solvent xOS has been clarified by means of infrared (IR) and 1H and 13C NMR. The change in the wavenumber of O-H stretching vibration of 1,3-BD in the three systems suggested that water molecules which are initially hydrogen-bonded with the 1,3-BD hydroxyl groups in the water solvent (xOS = 0) are more significantly replaced by organic solvent molecules in the order of DMSO > DIO > AN...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425529/influence-of-cations-in-lithium-and-magnesium-polysulphide-solutions-dependence-of-the-solvent-chemistry
#7
Georg Bieker, Julia Wellmann, Martin Kolek, Kirsi Jalkanen, Martin Winter, Peter Bieker
In order to gain a deeper understanding of Li and Mg polysulphides in Li/S and Mg/S batteries, respectively, this work investigates the impact of the two different cations as well as the influence of the electrolyte solvents' relative dielectric permittivity and Gutmann's donor number on the solubility and relative stability of different Li and Mg polysulphide species. Therefore, the disproportionation and dissociation equilibria of chemically prepared "Li2S8" and "MgS8" solutions in DMSO, DMF, ACN, THF, DME, TEGDME, and Pyr14TFSI are characterized by UV/Vis spectroscopy...
April 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425052/dmso-assisted-electrospray-ionization-for-the-detection-of-small-peptide-hormones-in-urine-by-dilute-and-shoot-liquid-chromatography-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#8
Péter Judák, Janelle Grainger, Catrin Goebel, Peter Van Eenoo, Koen Deventer
The mobile phase additive (DMSO) has been described as a useful tool to enhance electrospray ionization (ESI) of peptides and proteins. So far, this technique has mainly been used in proteomic/peptide research, and its applicability in a routine clinical laboratory setting (i.e., doping control analysis) has not been described yet. This work provides a simple, easy to implement screening method for the detection of doping relevant small peptides (GHRPs, GnRHs, GHS, and vasopressin-analogues) with molecular weight less than 2 kDa applying DMSO in the mobile phase...
April 19, 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423733/nanocrystals-of-a-new-camptothecin-derivative-wcn-21-enhance-its-solubility-and-efficacy
#9
Jia You, Yuyuan Chen, Zubaeda M Mohamed Alsayeh, Xingyu Shen, Chun Li, Pengxuan Zhao, Fei Chen, Yingqian Liu, Chuanrui Xu
WCN-21 is a new camptothecin derivative we synthesized and has desirable anti-tumor efficacy, but its aqueous solubility is very low and hurdles the further evaluation and development. In this study, we prepared nanocrystals of WCN-21 through a bottom-up approach to enhance its solubility and obtained WCN-21 nanorods (WND) and nanospheres (WNP). We investigated the crystallization of WND and WNP in different temperature and solvents and found that both temperature and solvents affect the crystal shapes and sizes...
March 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421769/x-ray-absorption-and-electron-paramagnetic-resonance-guided-discovery-of-the-cu-catalyzed-synthesis-of-multiaryl-substituted-furans-from-aryl-styrene-and-ketones-using-dmso-as-the-oxidant
#10
Yong Wu, Zhiyuan Huang, Yi Luo, Dong Liu, Yi Deng, Hong Yi, Jyh-Fu Lee, Chih-Wen Pao, Jeng-Lung Chen, Aiwen Lei
The first example of DMSO serving not only as a solvent but also as an oxidant to promote the oxidation of Cu(I) to Cu(II) has been demonstrated. X-ray absorption and electron paramagnetic resonance evidence revealed a single-electron redox process where DMSO could oxidize Cu(I) to Cu(II). The novel discovery guided the rational design of copper-catalyzed oxidative cyclization of aryl ketones with styrenes to furans, providing a new method for the synthesis of multiaryl-substituted furans from cheap and readily available starting materials...
April 19, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421511/appendix-g-vitrification-of-blastocysts-using-vitriblast-tm-and-thermoblast-tm-nidacon
#11
Anna Niläng Laessker, Thorir Hardarsson, Ann-Sofie Forsberg, Tetsunori Mukaida, Paul V Holmes
This appendix describes the vitrification of blastocysts using VitriBlast™ (VBK) and ThermoBlast™ (TBK) from Nidacon, Mölndal, Sweden. The technique used and the reason for not including DMSO in the medium at the production stage, but including it separately in the kit, and the importance of collapsing the blastocyst prior to vitrification will be explained and described.
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416183/inhibition-of-the-in-vitro-growth-of-babesia-bigemina-babesia-caballi-and-theileria-equi-parasites-by-trifluralin-analogues
#12
Marta G Silva, Donald P Knowles, Sandra Antunes, Ana Domingos, Maria A Esteves, Carlos E Suarez
Bovine and equine babesiosis caused by Babesia bovis, Babesia bigemina and Babesia caballi, along with equine theileriosis caused by Theileria equi are global tick-borne hemoprotozoan diseases characterized by fever, anemia, weight losses and abortions. A common feature of these diseases are transition from acute to chronic phases, in which parasites may persist in the hosts for life. Antiprotozoal drugs are important for managing infection and disease. Previous research demonstrated that trifluralin analogues, designated (TFLAs) 1-15, which specifically bind to regions of alpha-tubulin protein in plants and protozoan parasites, have the ability to inhibit the in vitro growth of B...
April 10, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415527/influence-of-processing-parameters-on-the-macroscopic-mechanical-behavior-of-pva-hydrogels
#13
Christopher Masri, Gregory Chagnon, Denis Favier
This paper investigates the influence of three different processing parameters on the global mechanical behavior of PVA (Polyvinyl alcohol)/DMSO (Dimethylsulfoxide) hydrogels: the initial concentration of PVA, the DMSO:H2O ratio and the number of freeze/thaw cycle applied to the material. A specific thermo-regulated testing apparatus for hydrophilic materials is presented, along with the performed cyclic and rupture tests. The observed mechanical responses are explained by an in-depth analysis of the cross-linking phenomenon...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414046/caffeoyl-and-coumaroyl-derivatives-from-acacia-cochliacantha-exhibit-ovicidal-activity-against-haemonchus-contortus
#14
G F Castillo-Mitre, A Olmedo-Juárez, R Rojo-Rubio, M Cortázar-González, P Mendoza-de Gives, E E Hernández-Beteta, D E Reyes-Guerrero, M E López-Arellano, J F Vázquez-Armijo, G Ramírez-Vargas, A Zamilpa
Ethnopharmacology relevance: Acacia cochliacantha is a small tree whose foliage is traditionally used in Mexico for treatment of kidney pain, gastrointestinal illnesses and to kill intestinal parasites. In recent decades, the study of vegetal extracts has offered other possible alternatives for the control of Haemonchus contortus. Considering that this nematode affects dramatically the health and productivity of small ruminants, the aim of this study was to identify the anthelmintic compounds from A. cochliacantha hydro-alcoholic extract (HA-E) through an ovicidal test...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411127/preventing-false-negatives-in-the-in-vitro-skin-sensitization-testing-of-acid-anhydrides-using-interleukin-8-release-assays
#15
Kazuto Narita, Phuc Thi Hong Vo, Kenta Yamamoto, Hajime Kojima, Hiroshi Itagaki
In vitro safety tests may be used as replacements for animal tests owing to their accuracy and high-throughput performance. However, several in vitro skin sensitization tests produce false-negative results such as acid anhydride. Here, we investigated the relationship between false-negative results of acid anhydride and its hydrolysis by aqueous vehicle. Differences in the pattern of hydrolysis for phthalic anhydride (PAH) due to addition of 1 drop of stock solution of PAH in liquid paraffin (LP) dispersion medium and PAH in DMSO were analyzed in a cell-free system...
April 11, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407836/-role-of-c-jun-n-terminal-kinase-mediated-foxo3a-nuclear-translocation-in-neuronal-apoptosis-in-neonatal-rats-with-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-damage
#16
De-Yuan Li, Jin-Lin Wu, Li-Li Luo, Li-Na Qiao, Zhong-Qiang Liu, Guo-Yan Lu, Yang Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanisms of neuroprotective effects of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)/FOXO3a transcription factor signaling pathway inhibition on hypoxic-ischemic neuronal apoptosis in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD). METHODS: Sixty-four 7-day-old Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: hypoxia-ischemia (HI), sham-operated, JNK specific inhibitor AS601245-treated, and DMSO vehicle. Rats' cerebral cortexes were collected at 24 hours after HI...
April 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405829/an-optical-material-for-the-detection-of-trace-s2o3-2-in-milk-based-on-a-copper-complex
#17
Qingming Wang, Huifang Sun, Weilin Sha, Juan Chen, Liuyue Gu, Dong Wang, Xinhui Tang
A novel S2O3(2-) luminescent sensor (Cu(2+)-p-CPIP) was developed and the presence of S2O3(2-) caused an obvious fluorescence enhancement at 420 nm upon excitation at 330 nm, which could be distinguished with the naked eye under a UV lamp. Remarkably, the compound exhibited excellent selective and sensitive response to S2O3(2-) over other common anions with a micromolar limit of detection (0.442 μM) in DMSO/H2O (v/v, 1:1) buffer. The absorbance intensity and the color of Cu(2+)-p -CPIP solution changed gradually with the increase of S2O3(2-) concentration...
April 12, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404878/activation-of-liver-x-receptor-delayed-the-retinal-degeneration-of-rd1-mice-through-modulation-of-the-immunological-function-of-glia
#18
Xiao He, Dayu Sun, Siyu Chen, Haiwei Xu
Retinal degeneration (RD), including retinitis pigmentosa (RP), is an inherited eye disease characterized by progressive degeneration of photoreceptors. Recently, immune cells, including microglia, Müller cells and astrocytes, in degenerative retina are demonstrated to play key roles in the development of RD and can be used as potential therapeutic targets. Liver X receptors (LXRs) are important immuno-inflammatory response transcription factors that have been reported to be a new potential therapeutic drug target for neurodegenerative diseases...
March 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402899/detection-of-cyanide-ions-in-aqueous-solutions-using-cost-effective-colorimetric-sensor
#19
P Madhusudhana Reddy, Shih-Rong Hsieh, Chi-Jung Chang, Jing-Yuan Kang
Cyanide (CN̄) is one of the most toxic material to the human and environment. It is very important to develop the diagnostic tools for the detection of CN̄ ions. Moreover, detection of the ions in an aqueous medium is a challenging task as water molecules interfere with the sensing mechanism. In this context, we prepared chemical sensor, S1, having anthraquinone as a signaling unit and thiourea as a binding site. This sensor exhibited distinct visual color and spectral changes in response to CN̄ ion over other testing anions in 50% aq...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399947/survival-of-macrobrachium-amazonicum-embryos-submitted-to-cooling
#20
Arthur Vinícius Lourenço Ferreira, Moisés Fernandes Martins, Míriam Luzia Nogueira Martins de Sousa, Aldeney Andrade Soares Filho, Célia Maria de Souza Sampaio
Cooling techniques have several applications for reproduction in aquaculture. However, few studies have sought to create protocols for cooling and cryopreservation of Macrobrachium amazonicum embryos. Thus, the objective of this work was to verify the survival of M. amazonicum embryos and the correlation between embryonic volume and mortality of M. amazonicum embryos after cooling. Embryo pools were collected from three females and divided into two treatment groups: dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) 3% and ethylene glycol (EG) 0...
April 12, 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
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