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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792699/water-soluble-ruthenium-ii-carbonyls-with-1-3-5-triaza-7-phosphoadamantane
#1
Federica Battistin, Gabriele Balducci, Barbara Milani, Enzo Alessio
As a continuation of our strategy for preparing new Ru(II) precursors with improved water solubility through the introduction of highly water-soluble 1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphoadamantane (PTA) supporting ligands in the coordination sphere, in this work, we address the largely unexplored preparation of Ru(II)-PTA carbonyls. Two complementary synthetic approaches were used: (1) the treatment of a series of neutral Ru(II)-CO-dmso compounds of general formula RuCl2 (CO) n (dmso)4- n ( n = 1-3, 1-5) with PTA; (2) the reaction of Ru(II)-PTA complexes with CO...
May 24, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790748/solvent-controlled-site-selective-n-alkylation-reactions-of-azolo-fused-ring-heterocycles-at-n1-n2-and-n3-positions-including-pyrazolo-3-4-d-pyrimidines-purines-1-2-3-triazolo-4-5-pyridines-and-related-deaza-compounds
#2
Brett Carder Bookser, Michael I Weinhouse, Aaron C Burns, Andrew N Valiere, Lino J Valdez, Pawel Stanczak, Jim Na, Arnold L Rheingold, Curtis E Moore, Brian Dyck
Alkylation of 4-methoxy-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine (1b) with iodomethane in THF using NaHMDS as base selectively provided N2-methyl product 4-methoxy-2-methyl-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine (3b) in 8/1 ratio over N1-methyl product (2b). Interestingly, conducting the reaction in DMSO reversed selectivity to provide a 4/1 ratio of N1/N2 methylated products. Crystal structures of product 3b with N1 and N7 coordinated to sodium indicated a potential role for the latter reinforcing the N2-selectivity. Limits of selectivity were tested with 26 heterocycles which revealed that N7 was a controlling element directing alkylations to favor N2 for pyrazolo- and N3 for imidazo- and triazolo-fused ring heterocycles when conducted in THF...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789572/glioblastoma-single-cell-microraman-analysis-under-stress-treatments
#3
Maria Ricci, Francesco Ragonese, Beatrice Gironi, Marco Paolantoni, Assunta Morresi, Loredana Latterini, Bernard Fioretti, Paola Sassi
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most frequent malignant brain tumor characterized by highly heterogeneous subpopulations. In order to reveal the heterogeneous cell response, single cell analysis is an essential requirement. In this study, optical microscopy and Raman microspectroscopy were used to follow the stress response of U251 single cells adherent on a silicon substrate. Cultured cells on silicon substrate were treated with hydrogen peroxide to promote apoptosis. Under these conditions expected changes occurred after a few hours and were revealed by the reduction of cytochrome c, lipid, nucleic acid and protein Raman signals: this ensured the possibility to analyse U251 cell line as grown on Si substrate, and to monitor the response of single cells to stress conditions...
May 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786974/embryonic-exposure-to-environmentally-relevant-concentrations-of-a-brominated-flame-retardant-reduces-the-size-of-song-control-nuclei-in-a-songbird
#4
Margaret L Eng, Viktoria Winter, John E Elliott, Scott A MacDougall-Shackleton, Tony D Williams
Environmental contaminants have the potential to act as developmental stressors and impair development of song and the brain of songbirds, but they have been largely unstudied in this context. 2,2',4,4',5-Pentabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-99) is a brominated flame retardant congener that has demonstrated endocrine disrupting effects, and has pervaded the global environment. We assessed the effects of in ovo exposure to environmentally relevant levels of BDE-99 on the neuroanatomy of the song-control system in a model songbird species, the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata)...
May 22, 2018: Developmental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785486/radiation-induced-bystander-effect-in-large-japanese-field-mouse-apodemus-speciosus-embryonic-cells
#5
Kentaro Ariyoshi, Tomisato Miura, Kosuke Kasai, Nakata Akifumi, Yohei Fujishima, Mitsuaki A Yoshida
Although evidence suggests that ionizing radiation can induce the bystander effect (radiation-induced bystander effect: RIBE) in cultured cells or mouse models, it is unclear whether the effect occurs in cells of wild animals. We investigated medium-mediated bystander micronucleus (MN) formation and DNA damage in un-irradiated cells from a large Japanese field mouse (Apodemus speciosus). We isolated four clones of A. speciosus embryonic fibroblasts (A603-1, A603-2, A603-3, and A603-4) derived from the same mother, and examined their radiation sensitivity using the colony-forming assay...
May 22, 2018: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785431/slow-magnetic-relaxation-and-luminescence-properties-in-lanthanide-iii-anil-complexes
#6
Diamantoula Maniaki, Ioannis Mylonas-Margaritis, Julia Mayans, Aikaterini Savvidou, Catherine P Raptopoulou, Vlasoula Bekiari, Vassilis Psycharis, Albert Escuer, Spyros P Perlepes
The initial use of anils, i.e. bidentate Schiff bases derived from the condensation of anilines with salicylaldehyde or its derivatives, in 4f-metal chemistry is described. The 1 : 1 reactions between Ln(NO3)3·xH2O (Ln = lanthanide) or Y(NO3)3·6H2O and N-(5-bromosalicylidene)aniline (5BrsalanH) in MeCN has provided access to complexes [Ln(NO3)3(5BrsalanH)2(H2O)]·MeCN (Ln = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb) and [Y(NO3)3(5BrsalanH)2(H2O)]·MeCN, respectively, in good yields. The structures of the isomorphous complexes with Ln = Pr(1·MeCN), Sm(3·MeCN), Gd(5·MeCN), Dy(7·MeCN) and Er(9·MeCN) have been determined by single-crystal X-ray crystallography...
May 22, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785137/andrographolide-potentiates-the-antitumor-effect-of-topotecan-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia-cells-through-an-intrinsic-apoptotic-pathway
#7
Mohammad Hassan Hodroj, Achraf Jardaly, Sarah Abi Raad, Annalise Zouein, Sandra Rizk
Background: Topotecan (TP) is an anticancer drug acting as topoisomerase I inhibitor that is used in the treatment of many types of cancers including leukemia, but it has significant side effects. Andrographolide, a compound extracted from Andrographis paniculata , was recently proven to inhibit the growth of cancer cells and can induce apoptosis. The aim of this study is to investigate the possible synergism between TP and andrographolide in acute myeloid cells in vitro. Materials and methods: U937 acute myeloid leukemic cells were cultured using Roswell Park Memorial Institute (RPMI) medium and then treated for 24 h with TP and andrographolide prepared through the dilution of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) stocks with RPMI on the day of treatment...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784842/eucast-determination-of-olorofim-f901318-susceptibility-of-mould-species-method-validation-and-mics
#8
Karin Meinike Jørgensen, Karen M T Astvad, Rasmus Krøger Hare, Maiken Cavling Arendrup
Olorofim is a novel antifungal agent with in vitro activity against Aspergillus and some other moulds. Here we addressed technical aspects for EUCAST olorofim testing and generated contemporary MIC data.EUCAST E.Def 9.3.1 testing was performed comparing two plate preparation methods (serial-dilution in medium (serial-plates) versus pre-dilution in DMSO (ISO-plates)), two lots of olorofim, visual (visual-MIC) versus spectrophotometer (spec-MIC) reading and four polystyrene plates using 34-53 Aspergillus isolates from five genera...
May 21, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784339/quantification-of-peptides-in-human-synovial-fluid-using-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#9
Araceli Garcia-Ac, Sung Vo Duy, Sébastien Sauvé, Florina Moldovan, V Gaëlle Roullin, Xavier Banquy
A method to explore the stability of two anti-inflammatory peptides in human synovial fluid (HSF) has been developed and validated using liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The two peptides are BQ123 Cyclo(-D-Trp-D-Asp-L-Pro-D-Val-L-Leu, Mw = 610.7) and R-954 (AcOrn[Oic2 , (αMe)Phe5 , DβNal7 , Ile8 ]desArg9 -bradykinin, Mw = 1194.4). Human synovial fluid samples were analyzed after a protein precipitation step with acetonitrile and dilution with mobile phase. DMSO was used as anti-adsorptive agent...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783780/conformational-aspects-of-the-o-acetylation-of-c-tetra-phenyl-calixpyrogallol-4-arene
#10
José Luis Casas-Hinestroza, Mauricio Maldonado
Reaction between pyrogallol and benzaldehyde results in a conformational mixture of C- tetra(phenyl)pyrogallol[4]arene (crown and chair). The conformer mixture was separated using crystallization procedures and the structures were determined using FTIR, ¹H-NMR, and 13 C-NMR. O -acetylation of C- tetra(phenyl)pyrogallol[4]arene (chair) with acetic anhydride, in pyridine results in the formation of dodecaacetyl-tetra(phenyl)pyrogallol[4]arene. The structure was determined using ¹H-NMR and 13 C-NMR finding that the product maintains the conformation of the starting conformer...
May 20, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780485/unexpected-solvation-stabilisation-of-ions-in-a-protic-ionic-liquid-insights-disclosed-by-a-bond-energetic-study
#11
Zhen Wang, Feixiang Gao, Pengju Ji, Jin-Pei Cheng
Equilibrium acidities (p K a s) of 42 organic acids were precisely determined in protic ionic liquid (PIL) [DBUH][OTf]. Surprisingly, the often seen homoassociation complication during the p K a measurement of O-H acids in DMSO was not detected in [DBUH][OTf], implying that the incipient oxanion should be better solvation-stabilized by the PIL, although its "apparent" dielectric constant is much lower than that of the conventional molecular solvent DMSO. Evidence showing that the solute ions in the PIL are also free from other specific ion associations like ion-pairing is further demonstrated by the identical p K a s of protic amine salts bearing largely different counter-anions...
April 14, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780280/generation-of-dynamic-combinatorial-libraries-using-hydrazone-functionalized-surface-mimetics
#12
Sarah H Hewitt, Andrew J Wilson
Dynamic combinatorial chemistry (DCC) represents an approach, whereby traditional supramolecular scaffolds used for protein surface recognition might be exploited to achieve selective high affinity target recognition. Synthesis, in situ screening and amplification under selection pressure allows the generation of ligands, which bear different moieties capable of making multivalent non-covalent interactions with target proteins. Generic tetracarboxyphenyl porphyrin scaffolds bearing four hydrazide moieties have been used to form dynamic combinatorial libraries (DCLs) using aniline-catalyzed reversible hydrazone exchange reactions, in 10 % DMSO, 5 mm NH4 OAc, at pH 6...
April 30, 2018: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780237/traditional-chinese-herbal-formula-relieves-snoring-by-modulating-activities-of-upper-airway-related-nerves-in-aged-rats
#13
Kou-Toung Chung, Chih-Hsiang Hsu, Ching-Lung Lin, Sheue-Er Wang, Chung-Hsin Wu
Aim: The present study investigated whether intraperitoneal treatment with the herbal formula B210 ([B210]; a herbal composition of Gastrodia elata and Cinnamomum cassia ) can reduce snoring in aged rats. Also, we studied possible neural mechanisms involved in B210 treatment and subsequent reduced snoring in rats. Methods and result: We compared pressure and frequency of snoring, activities of phrenic nerve (PNA), activities of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLNA) and activities of hypoglossal nerve (HNA), inspiratory time (TI ) and expiratory time (TE ) of PNA, and pre-inspiratory time (Pre-TI ) of HNA in aged rats between sham and B210 treatment groups (30 mg/mL dissolved in DMSO)...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777963/red-wolf-canis-rufus-sperm-quality-and-quantity-is-affected-by-semen-collection-method-extender-components-and-post-thaw-holding-temperature
#14
Ashley D Franklin, William T Waddell, Karen L Goodrowe
Cryopreserving genetic resources is becoming increasingly important for species management. In the zoo-based red wolf (Canis rufus) population, inbreeding continues to increase in the absence of new founders. Through banking sperm, we preserve genetic diversity and create the ability to decrease inbreeding accumulation in the future. The quality and quantity of banked sperm can be affected by cryopreservation media and semen collection methods. This study's objectives were to further optimize semen extender used for red wolf sperm cryopreservation, investigate effects of post-thaw holding temperature, and to determine if urethral catheterization is an effective method for semen collection in this species...
May 16, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777512/discovery-of-an-acidic-thermostable-and-highly-nadp-dependent-formate-dehydrogenase-from-lactobacillus-buchneri-nrrl-b-30929
#15
Saadet Alpdağtaş, Sevil Yücel, Handan Açelya Kapkaç, Siqing Liu, Barış Binay
OBJECTIVES: To identify a robust NADP+ dependent formate dehydrogenase from Lactobacillus buchneri NRRL B-30929 (LbFDH) with unique biochemical properties. RESULTS: A new NADP+ dependent formate dehydrogenase gene (fdh) was cloned from genomic DNA of L. buchneri NRRL B-30929. The recombinant construct was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) with 6 × histidine at the C-terminus and the purified protein obtained as a single band of approx. 44 kDa on SDS-PAGE and 90 kDa on native-PAGE...
May 18, 2018: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776674/migration-behavior-of-organic-dyes-based-on-physicochemical-properties-of-solvents-as-background-electrolytes-in-non-aqueous-capillary-electrophoresis
#16
Minjeong Gu, Keunchang Cho, Seong Ho Kang
The migration behavior of organic fluorescent dyes (i.e., crystal violet, methyl violet base, methyl violet B base, rhodamine 6G, and rhodamine B base) in non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE) was investigated by focusing on the physicochemical properties of various organic solvents [ethanol, methanol, 2-propanol, dimethylformamide (DMF), and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)] in background electrolyte (BGE). Laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) and UV/Vis detectors were employed to observe both the migration time of organic dyes and the electroosmotic flow (EOF) in NACE, respectively...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775202/the-development-of-an-in-vitro-assay-for-the-prospective-determination-of-aspirin-sensitivity
#17
Erica S Westphal, Caitlin Wisniewski, Michelle Rainka, Nicholas M Smith, Vernice Bates, Fran M Gengo
Aspirin remains the standard for stroke prophylaxis. However, as many as 20%-25% of patients may fail to show a full response to aspirin. Ideally, patients who are resistant to aspirin could be identified, then receive an increased dose of aspirin or be changed to an alternative therapy more efficiently. We have developed an in vitro assay that may make this possible. Healthy volunteers (n = 13) between 18 and 50 years of age were tested for both ex vivo and in vivo responses to aspirin. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was selected as the solvent for aspirin in the assay...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772299/biophenols-enzymes-%C3%AE-secretase-cholinesterases-histone-deacetylase-and-tyrosinase-inhibitors-from-olive-olea-europaea-l
#18
Syed Haris Omar, Christopher J Scott, Adam S Hamlin, Hassan K Obied
The focus of this study was on inhibition of enzymes involved in the pathogenesis Alzheimer's disease (AD) including prime amyloid beta (Aβ) producing enzyme (β-secretase: BACE-1) and disease progression enzymes including acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), histone deacetylase (HDAC), and tyrosinase along with the catecholamine L-DOPA, by using olive biophenols. Here we report the strongest inhibition of BACE-1 from rutin (IC50 : 3.8 nM) followed by verbascoside (IC50 : 6.3 nM) and olive fruit extract (IC50 : 18 ng), respectively...
May 14, 2018: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772264/reactive-oxygen-species-impair-the-excitation-contraction-coupling-of-papillary-muscles-after-acute-exposure-to-a-high-copper-concentration
#19
Filipe Martinuzo Filetti, Dalton Valentim Vassallo, Mirian Fioresi, Maylla Ronacher Simões
Copper is an essential metal for homeostasis and the functioning of living organisms. We investigated the effects of a high copper concentration on the myocardial mechanics, investigating the reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediated effects. The developed force of papillary muscles was reduced after acute exposure to a high copper concentration and was prevented by co-incubation with tempol, DMSO and catalase. The reuptake of calcium by the sarcoplasmic reticulum was reduced by copper and restored by tempol. The contractile response to Ca2+ was reduced and reversed by antioxidants...
May 14, 2018: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772249/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-storage-condition-on-cell-extraction-and-flow-cytometric-analysis-from-intestinal-biopsies
#20
Manon E Wildenberg, Marjolijn Duijvestein, Liset Westera, Tanja van Viegen, Christianne J Buskens, Jarmila D W van der Bilt, Larry Stitt, Vipul Jairath, Brian G Feagan, Niels Vande Casteele
BACKGROUND: Flow cytometric (FC) analysis of intestinal tissue biopsies requires prompt cell isolation and processing to prevent cell death and generate valid data. We examined the effect of storage conditions prior to cell isolation and FC on viable cell yield and the proportions of immune cell phenotypes from intestinal biopsies. METHODS: Biopsies (N = 224) from inflamed or non-inflamed ileal and/or colonic tissue from three patients with Crohn's disease were processed and analyzed immediately in duplicate, or stored under different conditions...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
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