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Language development technology

Aline Kunz, Sabrina Pohlmann, Oliver Heinze, Antje Brandner, Christina Reiß, Martina Kamradt, Joachim Szecsenyi, Dominik Ose
BACKGROUND: The importance of information and communication technology for healthcare is steadily growing. Newly developed tools are addressing different user groups: physicians, other health care professionals, social workers, patients, and family members. Since often many different actors with different expertise and perspectives are involved in the development process it can be a challenge to integrate the user-reported requirements of those heterogeneous user groups. Nevertheless, the understanding and consideration of user requirements is the prerequisite of building a feasible technical solution...
October 18, 2016: JMIR Human Factors
Aizhan Tursunbayeva, Raluca Bunduchi, Massimo Franco, Claudia Pagliari
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to: (1) determine the prevalence and scope of existing research on human resource information systems (HRIS) in health organizations; (2) analyze, classify, and synthesize evidence on the processes and impacts of HRIS development, implementation, and adoption; and (3) generate recommendations for HRIS research, practice, and policy, with reference to the needs of different stakeholders. METHODS: A structured search strategy was used to interrogate 10 electronic databases indexing research from the health, social, management, technology, and interdisciplinary sciences, alongside gray literature sources and reference lists of qualifying studies...
October 5, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Charles Preston, Harinder S Chahal, Analia Porrás, Lucette Cargill, Maryam Hinds, Babatunde Olowokure, Rudolph Cummings, James Hospedales
Improving basic capacities for regulation of medicines and health technologies through regulatory systems strengthening is particularly challenging in resource-constrained settings. "Regionalization"-an approach in which countries with common histories, cultural values, languages, and economic conditions work together to establish more efficient systems-may be one answer. This report describes the Caribbean Regulatory System (CRS), a regionalization initiative being implemented in the mostly small countries of the Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM)...
May 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Maureen A Lefton-Greif, Joan C Arvedson
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have played primary roles in the evaluation and management of children with feeding/swallowing disorders for more than five decades. Medical, surgical, and technological advances have improved the survival of young fragile infants and children, many of whom will present with feeding/swallowing problems. Regardless of their underlying etiologies, many of these children are at risk for aspiration-induced lung disease, undernutrition or malnutrition, developmental deficits, and stressful interactions with their caregivers...
November 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
William P Fisher, A Jackson Stenner
Huge resources are invested in metrology and standards in the natural sciences, engineering, and across a wide range of commercial technologies. Significant positive returns of human, social, environmental, and economic value on these investments have been sustained for decades. Proven methods for calibrating test and survey instruments in linear units are readily available, as are data- and theory-based methods for equating those instruments to a shared unit. Using these methods, metrological traceability is obtained in a variety of commercially available elementary and secondary English and Spanish language reading education programs in the U...
October 2016: Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
Sophie van Baalen, Annamaria Carusi, Ian Sabroe, David G Kiely
In recent years there has been growing attention to the epistemology of clinical decision-making, but most studies have taken the individual physicians as the central object of analysis. In this paper we argue that knowing in current medical practice has an inherently social character and that imaging plays a mediating role in these practices. We have analyzed clinical decision-making within a medical expert team involved in diagnosis and treatment of patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH), a rare disease requiring multidisciplinary team involvement in diagnosis and management...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Cath Jackson, Lisa Dyson, Helen Bedford, Francine M Cheater, Louise Condon, Annie Crocker, Carol Emslie, Lana Ireland, Philippa Kemsley, Susan Kerr, Helen J Lewis, Julie Mytton, Karen Overend, Sarah Redsell, Zoe Richardson, Christine Shepherd, Lesley Smith
BACKGROUND: Gypsies, Travellers and Roma (referred to as Travellers) are less likely to access health services, including immunisation. To improve immunisation rates, we need to understand what helps and hinders individuals in these communities in taking up immunisations. AIMS: (1) Investigate the barriers to and facilitators of acceptability and uptake of immunisations among six Traveller communities across four UK cities; and (2) identify possible interventions to increase uptake of immunisations in these Traveller communities that could be tested in a subsequent feasibility study...
September 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Clara Comito, Maxime Caniot, Edouard Lagrue, Pauline Coignard, Charles Fattal
OBJECTIVE: Humanoid robotics has reached a technological level of development that allows considering them as potential assistive and social devices for people who lost a part of their autonomy. The aims of this study aims are questioning the issue of the acceptability of a humanoid robot by people without any knowledge on robotics. The first meeting with such a robot develops symbolic figures that would guide the design of a humanoid robot for a better acceptation. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine participants met for the first time, Nao or Pepper, both robotic devices that only differ in terms of the size and the morphotype, knowing that the applications implemented in both robots were similar...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Julia Abelson, Frank Wagner, Deirdre DeJean, Sarah Boesveld, Franςois-Pierre Gauvin, Sally Bean, Renata Axler, Stephen Petersen, Shamara Baidoobonso, Gaylene Pron, Mita Giacomini, John Lavis
OBJECTIVE: As health technology assessment (HTA) organizations in Canada and around the world seek to involve the public and patients in their activities, frameworks to guide decisions about whom to involve, through which mechanisms, and at what stages of the HTA process have been lacking. The aim of this study was to describe the development and outputs of a comprehensive framework for involving the public and patients in a government agency's HTA process. METHODS: The framework was informed by a synthesis of international practice and published literature, a dialogue with local, national and international stakeholders, and the deliberations of a government agency's public engagement subcommittee in Ontario, Canada...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Muhammad Shoaib, Adnan Ahmad Ansari, Sung-Min Ahn
MOTIVATION: In this era of biological big data, data integration has become a common task and a challenge for biologists. The Resource Description Framework (RDF) was developed to enable interoperability of heterogeneous datasets. The EBI-RDF platform enables an efficient data integration of six independent biological databases using RDF technologies and shared ontologies. However, to take advantage of this platform, biologists need to be familiar with RDF technologies and SPARQL query language...
September 25, 2016: Bioinformatics
Fang Liang, Lili Hao, Jinyue Wang, Shuo Shi, Jingfa Xiao, Rujiao Li
Cytosine methylation is one of the most important RNA epigenetic modifications. With the development of experimental technology, scientists attach more importance to RNA cytosine methylation and find bisulfite sequencing is an effective experimental method for RNA cytosine methylation study. However, there are only a few tools can directly deal with RNA bisulfite sequencing data efficiently. Herein, we developed a specialized tool BS-RNA, which can analyze cytosine methylation of RNA based on bisulfite sequencing data and support both paired-end and single-end sequencing reads from directional bisulfite libraries...
September 9, 2016: Computational Biology and Chemistry
Yasser A Alaska, Abdulaziz D Aldawas, Nawfal A Aljerian, Ziad A Memish, Selim Suner
BACKGROUND: Mass gatherings present enormous challenges for emergency preparedness. Planners must anticipate and prepare for communicable and non-communicable disease outbreaks, illnesses, and injuries to participants, crowd control, and disaster responses to unforeseen natural or man-made threats. The Hajj, the largest annually recurring mass gathering event on earth. It attracts about 3 million pilgrims from over 180 countries who assemble in Mecca over a 1-week period. METHODS: A literature review was conducted using Medline and OVID, while searching for published data concerning human stampedes and crowd control measures implemented to prevent human stampedes...
September 14, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Marco Masseroli, Abdulrahman Kaitoua, Pietro Pinoli, Stefano Ceri
While a huge amount of (epi)genomic data of multiple types is becoming available by using Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technologies, the most important emerging problem is the so-called tertiary analysis, concerned with sense making, e.g., discovering how different (epi)genomic regions and their products interact and cooperate with each other. We propose a paradigm shift in tertiary analysis, based on the use of the Genomic Data Model (GDM), a simple data model which links genomic feature data to their associated experimental, biological and clinical metadata...
September 13, 2016: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
Lili Yu, Dina El-Damak, Ujwal Radhakrishna, Xi Ling, Ahmad Zubair, Yuxuan Lin, Yuhao Zhang, Meng-Hsi Chuang, Yi-Hsien Lee, Dimitri Antoniadis, Jing Kong, Anantha Chandrakasan, Tomas Palacios
Two-dimensional electronics based on single-layer (SL) MoS2 offers significant advantages for realizing large-scale flexible systems owing to its ultrathin nature, good transport properties, and stable crystalline structure. In this work, we utilize a gate first process technology for the fabrication of highly uniform enhancement mode FETs with large mobility and excellent subthreshold swing. To enable large-scale MoS2 circuit, we also develop Verilog-A compact models that accurately predict the performance of the fabricated MoS2 FETs as well as a parametrized layout cell for the FET to facilitate the design and layout process using computer-aided design (CAD) tools...
October 12, 2016: Nano Letters
Siobhan O'Connor, Peter Hanlon, Catherine A O'Donnell, Sonia Garcia, Julie Glanville, Frances S Mair
BACKGROUND: Numerous types of digital health interventions (DHIs) are available to patients and the public but many factors affect their ability to engage and enrol in them. This systematic review aims to identify and synthesise the qualitative literature on barriers and facilitators to engagement and recruitment to DHIs to inform future implementation efforts. METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, Scopus and the ACM Digital Library were searched for English language qualitative studies from 2000 - 2015 that discussed factors affecting engagement and enrolment in a range of DHIs (e...
2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Camila Shirota, Jelka Jansa, Javier Diaz, Sivakumar Balasubramanian, Stefano Mazzoleni, N Alberto Borghese, Alejandro Melendez-Calderon
Well-developed coordination of the upper extremities is critical for function in everyday life. Interlimb coordination is an intuitive, yet subjective concept that refers to spatio-temporal relationships between kinematic, kinetic and physiological variables of two or more limbs executing a motor task with a common goal. While both the clinical and neuroscience communities agree on the relevance of assessing and quantifying interlimb coordination, rehabilitation engineers struggle to translate the knowledge and needs of clinicians and neuroscientists into technological devices for the impaired...
2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Dorina Stahl
At the end of the nineteenth century, after twelve years of intensive research, the ophthalmologist Theodor Leber (1840-1917) established the chemotaxis of leukocytes as part of inflammation research. Although at the time his theory was smoothly enlisted into immunological research, up until now his name has been connected to chemotaxis only in the English-language literature. Leber was able to use his experimental system to develop a theory of the chemical attraction of the leukocytes during inflammation processes by the beginning of the 1880s, but his unconventional methodology-introducing chemically neutral contaminants in order to trigger inflammation in the eyes of rabbits-contradicted the basic bacteriological Denkstil (style of thought) of inflammation research at the time...
September 7, 2016: NTM
Francesco Soria, Shahrokh F Shariat, Seth P Lerner, Hans-Martin Fritsche, Michael Rink, Wassim Kassouf, Philippe E Spiess, Yair Lotan, Dingwei Ye, Mario I Fernández, Eiji Kikuchi, Daher C Chade, Marko Babjuk, Arthur P Grollman, George N Thalmann
PURPOSE: Upper-tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is a relatively uncommon disease with limited available evidence on specific topics. The purpose of this article was to review the previous literature to summarize the current knowledge about UTUC epidemiology, diagnosis, preoperative evaluation and prognostic assessment. METHODS: Using MEDLINE, a non-systematic review was performed including articles between January 2000 and February 2016. English language original articles, reviews and editorials were selected based on their clinical relevance...
September 7, 2016: World Journal of Urology
Xiaoyang Zhang, Lei Xue, Zhi Zhang, Yiwen Zhang
BACKGROUND: Health problems about children have been attracting much attention of parents and even the whole society all the time, among which, child-language development is a hot research topic. The experts and scholars have studied and found that the guardians taking appropriate intervention in children at the early stage can promote children's language and cognitive ability development effectively, and carry out analysis of quantity. The intervention of Artificial Intelligence Technology has effect on the autistic spectrum disorders of children obviously...
2016: Open Biomedical Engineering Journal
Anja Perlich, Christoph Meinel
There is significant, unexploited potential to improve the patients' engagement in psychotherapy treatment through technology use. We develop Tele-Board MED (TBM), a digital tool to support documentation and patient-provider collaboration in medical encounters. Our objective is the evaluation of TBM's practical effects on patient-provider relationships and patient empowerment in the domain of talk-based mental health interventions. We tested TBM in individual therapy sessions at a psychiatric ward using action research methods...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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