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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345224/therapy-interventions-for-children-with-neurodisabilities-a-qualitative-scoping-study
#1
Bryony Beresford, Susan Clarke, Jane Maddison
BACKGROUND: Therapy interventions emerged four times in the top 10 research priorities in a James Lind Alliance research prioritisation exercise for children with neurodisabilities (Morris C, Simkiss D, Busk M, Morris M, Allard A, Denness J, et al. Setting research priorities to improve the health of children and young people with neurodisability: a British Academy of Childhood Disability-James Lind Alliance Research Priority Setting Partnership. BMJ Open 2015;5:e006233). The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) commissioned this study as part of an information-gathering exercise in response to this...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340898/epidemiological-aspects-of-healthcare-associated-infections-and-microbial-genomics
#2
C Mirande, I Bizine, A Giannetti, N Picot, A van Belkum
Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are a cause of continuously increasing morbidity and mortality. Most of these infections are caused by a limited set of bacterial species, which share the capability to efficiently spread from patient to patient and to easily acquire antibiotic resistance determinants. This renders correct and rapid species identification and antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST) important and underscores the relevance of bacterial epidemiological typing. The latter is needed for the sensitive detection and exact tracing of nosocomial spread of these potentially multidrug-resistant microorganisms (MDRO)...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334962/developing-a-tablet-computer-based-application-app-to-measure-self-reported-alcohol-consumption-in-indigenous-australians
#3
K S Kylie Lee, Scott Wilson, Jimmy Perry, Robin Room, Sarah Callinan, Robert Assan, Noel Hayman, Tanya Chikritzhs, Dennis Gray, Edward Wilkes, Peter Jack GradDipIndigH, Katherine M Conigrave
BACKGROUND: The challenges of assessing alcohol consumption can be greater in Indigenous communities where there may be culturally distinct approaches to communication, sharing of drinking containers and episodic patterns of drinking. This paper discusses the processes used to develop a tablet computer-based application ('App') to collect a detailed assessment of drinking patterns in Indigenous Australians. The key features of the resulting App are described. METHODS: An iterative consultation process was used (instead of one-off focus groups), with Indigenous cultural experts and clinical experts...
January 15, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321545/mathematical-model-of-salt-cavern-leaching-for-gas-storage-in-high-insoluble-salt-formations
#4
Jinlong Li, Xilin Shi, Chunhe Yang, Yinping Li, Tongtao Wang, Hongling Ma
A mathematical model is established to predict the salt cavern development during leaching in high-insoluble salt formations. The salt-brine mass transfer rate is introduced, and the effects of the insoluble sediments on the development of the cavern are included. Considering the salt mass conservation in the cavern, the couple equations of the cavern shape, brine concentration and brine velocity are derived. According to the falling and accumulating rules of the insoluble particles, the governing equations of the insoluble sediments are deduced...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317129/introduction-reproductive-genetics-bringing-clarity-to-a-foreign-language
#5
Anthony R Gregg, Steven R Lindheim
Genomic based technologies are firmly implanted into clinical medicine. They arrived rapidly and their uses continue to evolve in both the pre and postconception periods. These technologies migrated from the prenatal arena into the domain of the reproductive endocrinology and infertility specialists in some cases nearly simultaneously (expanded carrier screening), in others more slowly (chromosome microarrays), and for some technologies the ethical and cost concerns have resulted in a slower diffusion across the disciplines...
January 6, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300701/speech2health-a-mobile-framework-for-monitoring-dietary-composition-from-spoken-data
#6
Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Sepideh Mazrouee, Hassan Ghasemzadeh
Diet and physical activity are known as important lifestyle factors in self-management and prevention of many chronic diseases. Mobile sensors such as accelerometers have been used to measure physical activity or detect eating time. In many intervention studies, however, stringent monitoring of overall dietary composition and energy intake is needed. Currently, such a monitoring relies on self-reported data by either entering text or taking an image that represents food intake. These approaches suffer from limitations such as low adherence in technology adoption and time sensitivity to the diet intake context...
January 2018: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284701/more-than-bar-codes-integrating-global-standards-based-bar-code-technology-into-national-health-information-systems-in-ethiopia-and-pakistan-to-increase-end-to-end-supply-chain-visibility
#7
Liuichi Hara, Ramy Guirguis, Keith Hummel, Monica Villanueva
The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) DELIVER PROJECT work together to strengthen public health commodity supply chains by standardizing bar coding under a single set of global standards. From 2015, UNFPA and USAID collaborated to pilot test how tracking and tracing of bar coded health products could be operationalized in the public health supply chains of Ethiopia and Pakistan and inform the ecosystem needed to begin full implementation...
December 28, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278776/the-development-and-evolution-of-a-computerized-testing-system-for-primates-cognition-welfare-and-the-rumbaughx
#8
Bonnie M Perdue, Michael J Beran, David A Washburn
Innovations in apparatus technology come about for a variety of reasons such as the need to use the same methodology with various species, the opportunity to present dynamic and carefully controlled stimuli, the goal of using automation to make data collection more precise or efficient, and the need to control for and/or eliminate the presence of experimenters in the testing context. At the Language Research Center (LRC) of Georgia State University, a computer-based system has been developed and used extensively with nonhuman primate species...
December 23, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260487/bilingual-cancer-genetic-education-modules-for-the-deaf-community-development-and-evaluation-of-the-online-video-material
#9
Patrick Boudreault, Alicia Wolfson, Barbara Berman, Vickie L Venne, Janet S Sinsheimer, Christina Palmer
Health information about inherited forms of cancer and the role of family history in cancer risk for the American Sign Language (ASL) Deaf community, a linguistic and cultural community, needs improvement. Cancer genetic education materials available in English print format are not accessible for many sign language users because English is not their native or primary language. Per Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommendations, the level of literacy for printed health education materials should not be higher than 6th grade level (~ 11 to 12 years old), and even with this recommendation, printed materials are still not accessible to sign language users or other nonnative English speakers...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258975/public-perceptions-regarding-use-of-virtual-reality-in-health-care-a-social-media-content-analysis-using-facebook
#10
Michelle Sophie Keller, Hannah J Park, Maria Elena Cunningham, Joshua Eleazar Fouladian, Michelle Chen, Brennan Mason Ross Spiegel
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) technology provides an immersive environment that enables users to have modified experiences of reality. VR is increasingly used to manage patients with pain, disability, obesity, neurologic dysfunction, anxiety, and depression. However, public opinion regarding the use of VR in health care has not been explored. Understanding public opinion of VR is critical to ensuring effective implementation of this emerging technology. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine public opinion about health care VR using social listening, a method that allows for the exploration of unfiltered views of topics discussed on social media and online forums...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248628/systematic-review-of-smartphone-based-passive-sensing-for-health-and-wellbeing
#11
REVIEW
Victor P Cornet, Richard J Holden
OBJECTIVE: To review published empirical literature on the use of smartphone-based passive sensing for health and wellbeing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of the English language literature was performed following PRISMA guidelines. Papers indexed in computing, technology, and medical databases were included if they were empirical, focused on health and/or wellbeing, involved the collection of data via smartphones, and described the utilized technology as passive or requiring minimal user interaction...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242317/enzyme-free-nucleic-acid-dynamical-systems
#12
Niranjan Srinivas, James Parkin, Georg Seelig, Erik Winfree, David Soloveichik
Chemistries exhibiting complex dynamics-from inorganic oscillators to gene regulatory networks-have been long known but either cannot be reprogrammed at will or rely on the sophisticated enzyme chemistry underlying the central dogma. Can simpler molecular mechanisms, designed from scratch, exhibit the same range of behaviors? Abstract chemical reaction networks have been proposed as a programming language for complex dynamics, along with their systematic implementation using short synthetic DNA molecules. We developed this technology for dynamical systems by identifying critical design principles and codifying them into a compiler automating the design process...
December 15, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238451/a-survey-of-telepractice-in-speech-language-pathology-and-audiology-in-india
#13
Haritha S Mohan, Ayesha Anjum, Prema K S Rao
Telepractice has emerged as a form of service delivery to assess and treat individuals with communication disorders. The present study surveyed speech-language pathologists and audiologists in India about the use of telepractice. Two hundred and five (N=205) speech-language pathologists and audiologists responded to a questionnaire, with 12.19% reporting their use of telepractice to deliver clinical services. Respondents also indicated an urgent shortage of professionals in India to deliver clinical services in speech-language pathology and audiology, and opined that these needs can be met via the use of telepractice...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236621/helping-hispanic-dementia-caregivers-cope-with-stress-using-technology-based-resources
#14
Bruno Kajiyama, Gerardo Fernandez, Elizabeth A Carter, Marika B Humber, Larry W Thompson
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to develop and evaluate a culturally appropriate intervention for Hispanic/Latino caregivers of individuals with dementia, using a structured online program without professional involvement to improve well-being, decrease stress, and reduce depression. METHODS: The Webnovela Mirela, an online Spanish-language telenovela, was designed specifically to teach caregivers how to cope with dementia caregiving. A prototype of Webnovela Mirela was tested in a pilot study with 25 Hispanic/Latino dementia caregivers, 19 of whom completed the study...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231553/-the-method-and-application-to-construct-experience-recommendation-platform-of-acupuncture-ancient-books-based-on-data-mining-technology
#15
Chuyun Chen, Jiaming Hong, Weilin Zhou, Guohua Lin, Zhengfei Wang, Qufei Zhang, Cuina Lu, Lihong Lu
OBJECTIVE: To construct a knowledge platform of acupuncture ancient books based on data mining technology, and to provide retrieval service for users. METHODS: The Oracle 10 g database was applied and JAVA was selected as development language; based on the standard library and ancient books database established by manual entry, a variety of data mining technologies, including word segmentation, speech tagging, dependency analysis, rule extraction, similarity calculation, ambiguity analysis, supervised classification technology were applied to achieve text automatic extraction of ancient books; in the last, through association mining and decision analysis, the comprehensive and intelligent analysis of disease and symptom, meridians, acupoints, rules of acupuncture and moxibustion in acupuncture ancient books were realized, and retrieval service was provided for users through structure of browser/server (B/S)...
July 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230538/a%C3%A2-robotic-shower-system-acceptance-and-ethical-issues
#16
REVIEW
Barbara Klein, Inga Schlömer
BACKGROUND: Being able to maintain personal hygiene plays a crucial role for independent living in old age or when suffering from disabilities. Within the European project ICT Supported Bath Robots (I‑SUPPORT) an intelligent robotic shower system is being developed, which enables patients to shower independently at home or in institutionalized settings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this contribution is the identification of ethical issues in the development of a robotic shower system utilizing the model for the ethical evaluation of socio-technical arrangements (MEESTAR)...
December 11, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229587/myvoice-national-text-message-survey-of-youth-aged-14-to-24-years-study-protocol
#17
Melissa DeJonckheere, Lauren P Nichols, Michelle H Moniz, Kendrin R Sonneville, V G Vinod Vydiswaran, Xinyan Zhao, Timothy C Guetterman, Tammy Chang
BACKGROUND: There has been little progress in adolescent health outcomes in recent decades. Researchers and youth-serving organizations struggle to accurately elicit youth voice and translate youth perspectives into health care policy. OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to describe the protocol of the MyVoice Project, a longitudinal mixed methods study designed to engage youth, particularly those not typically included in research. Text messaging surveys are collected, analyzed, and disseminated in real time to leverage youth perspectives to impact policy...
December 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186298/simulate-simulating-complex-landscapes-of-transposable-elements-of-populations
#18
Robert Kofler
Motivation: Estimating the abundance of transposable elements (TEs) in populations (or tissues) promises to answer many open research questions. However, progress is hampered by the lack of concordance between different approaches for TE identification and thus potentially unreliable results. Results: To address this problem, we developed SimulaTE a tool that generates TE landscapes for populations using a newly developed domain specific language (DSL). The simple syntax of our DSL allows for easily building even complex TE landscapes that have, for example, nested, truncated and highly diverged TE insertions...
November 27, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184892/bloodr-blood-donor-and-requester-mobile-application
#19
Vamsi Krishna Tatikonda, Hosam El-Ocla
Background: With rapid increase in the usage of social networks sites across the world, there is also a steady increase in blood donation requests as being noticed in the number of posts on these sites such as Facebook and twitter seeking blood donors. Finding blood donor is a challenging issue in almost every country. There are some blood donor finder applications in the market such as Blood app by Red Cross and Blood Donor Finder application by Neologix. However, more reliable applications that meet the needs of users are prompted...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161007/polymer-based-technologies-for-sensing-applications
#20
Wildemar Stefanio Pereira Carvalho, Menglian Wei, Nduka Ikpo, Yongfeng Gao, Michael J Serpe
Reports in the literature on the development of new chemical sensing technologies have been growing steadily in number for years. For example, a Web of Science topic search using the term "Chemical Sensing" revealed that over 8,000 papers were published in 2015-2017, with over 40,000 citations to those papers. In this review, we focus on highlighting recent examples of chemical sensing related to human health (e.g., disease diagnosis, health monitoring, and water/food safety), and for environmental monitoring...
November 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
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