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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942139/computer-technologies-to-integrate-medical-treatments-to-manage-multimorbidity
#1
REVIEW
David Riaño, Wilfrido Ortega
The high prevalence of multimorbid cases is a challenge for Health-Care Systems today. Clinical practice guidelines are the means to register and transmit the available evidence-based medical knowledge concerning concrete diseases. Several computer languages have been defined to represent this knowledge in a way that computers could use to help physicians in the daily practice of medicine. The generation of guidelines for all possible multimorbidities entails several issues that are difficult to address. Consequently, numerous medical informatics technologies have appeared merging computer information structures in a way that the treatment knowledge about single diseases could be combined in order to deliver health-care to patients suffering from multimorbidity...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934864/augmentative-and-alternative-communication-practices-a-descriptive-study-of-the-perceptions-of-south-african-speech-language-therapists
#2
Shakila Dada, Yvonne Murphy, Kerstin Tönsing
Speech-language therapists (SLTs) have direct contact with a wide variety of individuals who require augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) and they are therefore considered to have a primary role in the assessment, selection, and implementation of AAC symbols, techniques, aids, and strategies. Limited information is available with regard to SLTs' practices in the field of AAC, and there is a particular paucity of information about developing country contexts such as South Africa. The aim of this study was to determine how South African SLTs perceive their current AAC practices...
September 21, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933506/the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf-in-electronic-health-records-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
Roxanne Maritz, Dominik Aronsky, Birgit Prodinger
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is the World Health Organization's standard for describing health and health-related states. Examples of how the ICF has been used in Electronic Health Records (EHRs) have not been systematically summarized and described yet. OBJECTIVES: To provide a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature about the ICF's use in EHRs, including related challenges and benefits. METHODS: Peer-reviewed literature, published between January 2001 and July 2015 was retrieved from Medline(®), CINAHL(®), Scopus(®), and ProQuest(®) Social Sciences using search terms related to ICF and EHR concepts...
September 20, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918643/speech-language-pathology-telehealth-in-rural-and-remote-schools-the-experience-of-school-executive-and-therapy-assistants
#4
Glenn C Fairweather, Michelle A Lincoln, Robyn Ramsden
INTRODUCTION: Difficulties in accessing allied health services, especially in rural and remote areas, appear to be driving the use of telehealth services to children in schools. The objectives of this study were to investigate the experiences and views of school executive staff and therapy assistants regarding the feasibility and acceptability of a speech-language pathology telehealth program for children attending schools in rural and remote New South Wales, Australia. The program, called Come N See, provided therapy interventions remotely via low-bandwidth videoconferencing, with email follow-up...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918078/assessment-of-environmental-impacts-and-operational-costs-of-the-implementation-of-an-innovative-source-separated-urine-treatment
#5
Elorri Igos, Mathilde Besson, Tomás Navarrete Gutiérrez, Ana Barbara Bisinella de Faria, Enrico Benetto, Ligia Barna, Aras Ahmadi, Mathieu Spérandio
Innovative treatment technologies and management methods are necessary to valorise the constituents of wastewater, in particular nutrients from urine (highly concentrated and can have significant impacts related to artificial fertilizer production). The FP7 project, ValuefromUrine, proposed a new two-step process (called VFU) based on struvite precipitation and microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) to recover ammonia, which is further transformed into ammonium sulphate. The environmental and economic impacts of its prospective implementation in the Netherlands were evaluated based on life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology and operational costs...
September 8, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915991/adolescent-and-parental-reactions-to-puberty-in-nigeria-and-kenya-a-cross-cultural-and-intergenerational-comparison
#6
Bamidele M Bello, Adesegun O Fatusi, Oluwatomi E Adepoju, Beatrice W Maina, Caroline W Kabiru, Marni Sommer, Kristin Mmari
PURPOSE: This qualitative study assesses the cross-cultural and intergenerational reactions of young adolescents and parents to puberty in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, and Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: Sixty-six boys and girls (aged 11-13 years) and their parents participated in narrative interviews conducted in English or local languages in two urban poor settings in Ile-Ife and Nairobi. All interviews were recorded, transcribed, translated, and uploaded into Atlas.ti software for coding and analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913703/using-technology-and-assessment-to-personalize-instruction-preventing-reading-problems
#7
Carol McDonald Connor
Children who fail to learn to read proficiently are at serious risk of referral to special education, grade retention, dropping out of high school, and entering the juvenile justice system. Accumulating research suggests that instruction regimes that rely on assessment to inform instruction are effective in improving the implementation of personalized instruction and, in turn, student learning. However, teachers find it difficult to interpret assessment results in a way that optimizes learning opportunities for all of the students in their classrooms...
September 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903891/health-information-national-trends-survey-in-american-sign-language-hints-asl-protocol-for-the-cultural-adaptation-and-linguistic-validation-of-a-national-survey
#8
Poorna Kushalnagar, Raychelle Harris, Raylene Paludneviciene, TraciAnn Hoglind
BACKGROUND: The Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) collects nationally representative data about the American's public use of health-related information. This survey is available in English and Spanish, but not in American Sign Language (ASL). Thus, the exclusion of ASL users from these national health information survey studies has led to a significant gap in knowledge of Internet usage for health information access in this underserved and understudied population. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are (1) to culturally adapt and linguistically translate the HINTS items to ASL (HINTS-ASL); and (2) to gather information about deaf people's health information seeking behaviors across technology-mediated platforms...
September 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899800/bone-mineral-density-and-vitamin-d-status-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Tarek Carlos Salman-Monte, Vicenç Torrente-Segarra, Ana Leticia Vega Vidal, Patricia Corzo, F Castro-Dominguez, F Ojeda, Jordi Carbonell Abelló
Despite the improvement in the quality of life of patients with SLE due to scientific and technological advances, SLE remains a disease that over the years may produce irreversible damage to patients. Osteoporosis and secondary bone fractures are two of the major causes of irreparable injury in patients with SLE. Vitamin D insufficiency may play a vital role both in reduced Bone Mineral Density (BMD) and in the appearance of fractures, although its mechanisms of action are still unclear. We performed a systematic review of the literature in order to determine the prevalence and predictors of reduced vitamin D plasma levels, bone loss and the presence of fractures in SLE patients...
September 9, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895909/measurement-of-walking-ground-reactions-in-real-life-environments-a-systematic-review-of-techniques-and-technologies
#10
REVIEW
Erfan Shahabpoor, Aleksandar Pavic
Monitoring natural human gait in real-life environments is essential in many applications, including quantification of disease progression, monitoring the effects of treatment, and monitoring alteration of performance biomarkers in professional sports. Nevertheless, developing reliable and practical techniques and technologies necessary for continuous real-life monitoring of gait is still an open challenge. A systematic review of English-language articles from scientific databases including Scopus, ScienceDirect, Pubmed, IEEE Xplore, EBSCO and MEDLINE were carried out to analyse the 'accuracy' and 'practicality' of the current techniques and technologies for quantitative measurement of the tri-axial walking ground reactions outside the laboratory environment, and to highlight their strengths and shortcomings...
September 12, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883193/expert2owl-a-methodology-for-pattern-based-ontology-development
#11
Kais Tahar, Jie Xu, Heinrich Herre
The formalization of expert knowledge enables a broad spectrum of applications employing ontologies as underlying technology. These include eLearning, Semantic Web and expert systems. However, the manual construction of such ontologies is time-consuming and thus expensive. Moreover, experts are often unfamiliar with the syntax and semantics of formal ontology languages such as OWL and usually have no experience in developing formal ontologies. To overcome these barriers, we developed a new method and tool, called Expert2OWL that provides efficient features to support the construction of OWL ontologies using GFO (General Formal Ontology) as a top-level ontology...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883186/disseminating-a-standard-for-medical-records-in-emergency-departments-among-different-software-vendors-using-hl7-cda
#12
Dominik Brammen, Heike Dewenter, Volker Thiemann, Raphael W Majeed, Tingyan Xu, Kai U Heitmann, Felix Walcher, Sylvia Thun, Rainer Röhrig
A standardized medical record for the emergency department (GEDMR) was released in Germany, but only sparsely and randomly implemented by emergency department (ED) electronic health record (EHR) vendors. A reason for this may be a lacking common language between the medical and the Health Information Technology (HIT) domain. HL7 clinical document architecture (CDA) may leverage this communication gap. This paper reports on the effects of a professional medical association record standard on EHR vendors and the German ED-EHR market...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882808/mobile-phone-interventions-for-sleep-disorders-and-sleep-quality-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Jong Cheol Shin, Julia Kim, Diana Grigsby-Toussaint
BACKGROUND: Although mobile health technologies have been developed for interventions to improve sleep disorders and sleep quality, evidence of their effectiveness remains limited. OBJECTIVE: A systematic literature review was performed to determine the effectiveness of mobile technology interventions for improving sleep disorders and sleep quality. METHODS: Four electronic databases (EBSCOhost, PubMed/Medline, Scopus, and Web of Science) were searched for articles on mobile technology and sleep interventions published between January 1983 and December 2016...
September 7, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875130/ipsilateral-femur-and-tibia-fractures-in-pediatric-patients-a-systematic-review
#14
Jason B Anari, Alexander L Neuwirth, B David Horn, Keith D Baldwin
AIM: To better understand how pediatric floating knee injuries are managed after the wide spread use of new orthopaedic technology. METHODS: We searched EMBASE, COCHRANE and MEDLINE computerized literature databases from the earliest date available in the databases to February 2017 using the following search term including variants and pleural counterparts: Pediatric floating knee. All studies were thoroughly reviewed by multiple authors. Reference lists from all articles were scrutinized to identify any additional studies of interest...
August 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873823/democratisation-of-aac-symbol-choices-using-technology
#15
E A Draffan, Mike Wald, Nadine Zeinoun, David Banes
The use of an online voting system has been developed to enable democratic choices of newly designed symbols to support speech, language and literacy skills in a localisation situation. The system works for those using and supporting Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) symbols on electronic systems by the provision of simplified scales of acceptance and adapted grids. The methodology and results highlighted the importance of user participation at the outset and concrete examples of symbol adaptations that were found necessary to ensure higher levels of user satisfaction...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872931/factors-perceived-by-rehabilitation-professionals-to-influence-the-provision-of-assistive-technology-to-children-a-systematic-review
#16
Karin van Niekerk, Shakila Dada, Kerstin Tönsing, Kobie Boshoff
BACKGROUND: The use of Assistive Technology (AT) by children with disabilities has been associated with significant development and improvement in outcomes within all spheres of life. However, AT is often underutilized. Appropriate selection of AT by rehabilitation professionals could improve the satisfaction of the user and their family with their AT. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search identified six studies that investigate the factors that occupational therapists, physiotherapists, as well as speech and language pathologists perceive to influence their provision of AT to children...
September 5, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871049/industrial-hardware-and-software-verification-with-acl2
#17
Warren A Hunt, Matt Kaufmann, J Strother Moore, Anna Slobodova
The ACL2 theorem prover has seen sustained industrial use since the mid-1990s. Companies that have used ACL2 regularly include AMD, Centaur Technology, IBM, Intel, Kestrel Institute, Motorola/Freescale, Oracle and Rockwell Collins. This paper introduces ACL2 and focuses on how and why ACL2 is used in industry. ACL2 is well-suited to its industrial application to numerous software and hardware systems, because it is an integrated programming/proof environment supporting a subset of the ANSI standard Common Lisp programming language...
October 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868932/the-development-and-feasibility-of-an-online-aphasia-group-intervention-and-networking-program-telegain
#18
Rachelle Pitt, Deborah Theodoros, Anne J Hill, Trevor Russell
PURPOSE: Aphasia group therapy offers many benefits, however people with aphasia report difficulty accessing groups and speech-language pathologists are faced with many challenges in providing aphasia group therapy. Telerehabilitation may offer an alternative service delivery option. An online aphasia group therapy program - Telerehabilitation Group Aphasia Intervention and Networking (TeleGAIN) - has been developed according to the guidelines of the Medical Research Council (MRC) framework for complex interventions...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864163/-image-guided-tumor-ablation
#19
G Koch, R L Cazzato, J Caudrelier, X Cathelineau, H Lang, A Gangi
INTRODUCTION: Ablatives techniques for destroying in situ a tumoral process aim tissular necrosis by the application of several physical principles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE(®), Embase(®), using (MeSH) words; from January 2005 through May 2017, and we looked for all the studies. Investigators graded the strength of evidence in terms of methodology, language and relevance. RESULTS: Forty-seven articles were analyzed. We described ablative techniques and sorted them in thermal and non-thermal therapies according to the used physical principle and their frequency of use in the urological pathology...
August 31, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859781/no-261-prenatal-screening-for-fetal-aneuploidy-in-singleton-pregnancies
#20
David Chitayat, Sylvie Langlois, R Douglas Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To develop a Canadian consensus document on maternal screening for fetal aneuploidy (e.g., Down syndrome and trisomy 18) in singleton pregnancies. OPTIONS: Pregnancy screening for fetal aneuploidy started in the mid 1960s, using maternal age as the screening test. New developments in maternal serum and ultrasound screening have made it possible to offer all pregnant patients a non-invasive screening test to assess their risk of having a fetus with aneuploidy to determine whether invasive prenatal diagnostic testing is necessary...
September 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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