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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079770/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-after-assisted-reproductive-technologies
#1
Jacques Balayla, Odile Sheehy, William D Fraser, Jean R Séguin, Jacquetta Trasler, Patricia Monnier, Andrea A MacLeod, Marie-Noëlle Simard, Gina Muckle, Anick Bérard
OBJECTIVE: To compare children's cognitive, motor, and language development at 2 years of age after assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) relative to natural conception. METHODS: The 3D-Study (2010-2012) is a prospective cohort study, which sought to improve the understanding among perinatal events, obstetric outcomes, and child development. A total of 2,366 pregnant women were recruited, of whom 278 conceived with ART: ovarian stimulation, intrauterine sperm insemination, in vitro fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or in vitro maturation...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056017/when-hearing-is-tricky-speech-processing-strategies-in-prelingually-deafened-children-and-adolescents-with-cochlear-implants-having-good-and-poor-speech-performance
#2
Magdalene Ortmann, Pienie Zwitserlood, Arne Knief, Johanna Baare, Stephanie Brinkheetker, Antoinette Am Zehnhoff-Dinnesen, Christian Dobel
Cochlear implants provide individuals who are deaf with access to speech. Although substantial advancements have been made by novel technologies, there still is high variability in language development during childhood, depending on adaptation and neural plasticity. These factors have often been investigated in the auditory domain, with the mismatch negativity as an index for sensory and phonological processing. Several studies have demonstrated that the MMN is an electrophysiological correlate for hearing improvement with cochlear implants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017556/bilateral-globus-pallidus-internus-deep-brain-stimulation-for-dyskinetic-cerebral-palsy-supports-success-of-cochlear-implantation-in-a-5-year-old-ex-24%C3%A2-week-preterm-twin-with-absent-cerebellar-hemispheres
#3
Jean-Pierre Lin, Margaret Kaminska, Sarah Perides, Hortensia Gimeno, Lesley Baker, Daniel E Lumsden, Anzell Britz, Sandra Driver, Alec Fitzgerald-O'Connor, Richard Selway
BACKGROUND: Early onset dystonia (dyskinesia) and deafness in childhood pose significant challenges for children and carers and are the cause of multiple disability. It is particularly tragic when the child cannot make use of early cochlear implantation (CI) technology to relieve deafness and improve language and communication, because severe cervical and truncal dystonia brushes off the magnetic amplifier behind the ears. Bilateral globus pallidus internus (GPi) deep brain stimulation (DBS) neuromodulation can reduce dyskinesia, thus supporting CI neuromodulation success...
December 10, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982714/technology-assisted-language-intervention-for-children-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-a-pilot-study-of-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-for-enhancing-language-development
#4
Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Susan Wiley, Rose McAuley, Laura Smith, Sandra Grether
PURPOSE: Pilot study to assess the effect of augmentative and alternative communication technology to enhance language development in children who are deaf or hard-of-hearing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five children ages 5-10 years with permanent bilateral hearing loss who were identified with language underperformance participated in an individualized 24-week structured program using the application TouchChat WordPower on iPads(®). Language samples were analyzed for changes in mean length of utterance, vocabulary words and mean turn length...
December 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918368/what-can-long-term-attendance-at-programming-appointments-tell-us-about-pediatric-cochlear-implant-recipients
#5
Dawn Choo, Shani Joy Dettman
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to understand factors linked to long-term engagement with available post-implant "mapping" review services for individuals who received cochlear implants (CI)(s) as children. STUDY DESIGN: Demographics, communication outcomes, and appointment attendance records from an unselected group of 400 participants who received CI(s) between 1985 and 2009 were analyzed. RESULTS: After 5 years post-implant, 85.75% (n = 343) of participants attended the clinic for "mapping" appointments between March 2011 and March 2014, but 14...
December 1, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906503/neurodevelopmental-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Hana D'Souza, Annette Karmiloff-Smith
Recent technological advances allow us to measure how the infant brain functions in ways that were not possible just a decade ago. Although methodological advances are exciting, we must also consider how theories guide research: what we look for and how we explain what we find. Indeed, the ways in which research findings are interpreted affects the design of policies, educational practices, and interventions. Thus, the theoretical approaches adopted by scientists have a real impact on the lives of children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) and their families, as well as on the wider community...
January 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900753/-issues-related-to-screening-and-caring-for-newborns-with-hearing-impairments
#7
Mei-Show Liou, Ying Tsao
The critical period for auditory development in humans begins at around the 20th gestational week and continues until 3 years of age. Both genetic and environmental factors are known to cause impaired hearing. Without early identification and intervention, hearing-impaired children face a high risk of experiencing significant difficulties with speech and language development, social behavior, and emotional functioning. Two types of commonly used hearing screening technologies include transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) and automated auditory brainstem response (aABR)...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851759/gender-stereotypes-in-science-education-resources-a-visual-content-analysis
#8
Anne H Kerkhoven, Pedro Russo, Anne M Land-Zandstra, Aayush Saxena, Frans J Rodenburg
More men are studying and working in science fields than women. This could be an effect of the prevalence of gender stereotypes (e.g., science is for men, not for women). Aside from the media and people's social lives, such stereotypes can also occur in education. Ways in which stereotypes are visible in education include the use of gender-biased visuals, language, teaching methods, and teachers' attitudes. The goal of this study was to determine whether science education resources for primary school contained gender-biased visuals...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774929/neuropsychological-functioning-in-preterm-born-twins-and-singletons-at-preschool-age
#9
Sarah Raz, Jamie C Piercy, Andrew M Heitzer, Brittany N Peters, Julie Bapp Newman, Angela K DeBastos, Noa Ofen, Beau Batton, Daniel G Batton
OBJECTIVES: A limited body of research is available on the relationships between multiplicity of birth and neuropsychological functioning in preterm children who were conceived in the age of assisted reproductive technology and served by the modern neonatal intensive care unit. Our chief objective was to evaluate whether, after adjustment for sociodemographic factors and perinatal complications, twin birth accounted for a unique portion of developmental outcome variance in children born at-risk in the surfactant era...
October 2016: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701707/children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-their-families-a-future-view-of-nature-plus-nurture-and-new-technologies-for-comprehensive-language-intervention-strategies
#10
Mabel L Rice
Future perspectives on children with language impairments are framed from what is known about children with specific language impairment (SLI). A summary of the current state of services is followed by discussion of how these children can be overlooked and misunderstood and consideration of why it is so hard for some children to acquire language when it is effortless for most children. Genetic influences are highlighted, with the suggestion that nature plus nurture should be considered in present as well as future intervention approaches...
November 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701706/pediatric-feeding-swallowing-yesterday-today-and-tomorrow
#11
Maureen A Lefton-Greif, Joan C Arvedson
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have played primary roles in the evaluation and management of children with feeding/swallowing disorders for more than five decades. Medical, surgical, and technological advances have improved the survival of young fragile infants and children, many of whom will present with feeding/swallowing problems. Regardless of their underlying etiologies, many of these children are at risk for aspiration-induced lung disease, undernutrition or malnutrition, developmental deficits, and stressful interactions with their caregivers...
November 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659114/vaccination-adherence-review-and-proposed-model
#12
Asma A Abahussin, Ahmed I Albarrak
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood vaccine-preventable diseases can be significantly reduced through adherence to confirmed vaccination schedules. However, many barriers to vaccination compliance exist, including a lack of awareness regarding the importance of vaccines, missing due dates, and fear of complications from vaccinations. The aim of this study is to review the existing tools and publications regarding vaccination adherence, and to propose a design for a vaccination adherence application (app) for smartphones...
November 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583037/a-novel-application-system-of-assessing-the-pronunciation-differences-between-chinese-children-and-adults
#13
Xiaoyang Zhang, Lei Xue, Zhi Zhang, Yiwen Zhang
BACKGROUND: Health problems about children have been attracting much attention of parents and even the whole society all the time, among which, child-language development is a hot research topic. The experts and scholars have studied and found that the guardians taking appropriate intervention in children at the early stage can promote children's language and cognitive ability development effectively, and carry out analysis of quantity. The intervention of Artificial Intelligence Technology has effect on the autistic spectrum disorders of children obviously...
2016: Open Biomedical Engineering Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565361/increased-screen-time-implications-for-early-childhood-development-and-behavior
#14
REVIEW
Jenny S Radesky, Dimitri A Christakis
The authors review trends in adoption of new digital technologies (eg, mobile and interactive media) by families with young children (ages 0-8 years), continued use of television and video games, and the evidence for learning from digital versus hands-on play. The authors also discuss continued concerns about health and developmental/behavioral risks of excessive media use for child cognitive, language, literacy, and social-emotional development. This evidence is then applied to clinical care in terms of the screening questions providers can use, tools available to providers and parents, and changes in anticipatory guidance...
October 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563390/a-pedagogical-note-use-of-telepractice-to-link-student-clinicians-to-diverse-populations
#15
Stacy Gallese Cassel, Amy J Hadley Edd
Telepractice is the application of telecommunications technology to the delivery of telehealth services via the online connection of clinicians, clients, and patients for assessment, intervention, or consultation. This article describes a pilot project in which speech-language pathology students in a university training program gained experience in working with culturally diverse preschool students using telepractice technology. The preschool students benefited by making gains in communication skills, while the university students acquired competency in the use of telepractice and in working with children whose cultural and linguistic backgrounds were outside of their experience...
2016: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531985/toddlers-fine-motor-milestone-achievement-is-associated-with-early-touchscreen-scrolling
#16
Rachael Bedford, Irati R Saez de Urabain, Celeste H M Cheung, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Tim J Smith
Touchscreen technologies provide an intuitive and attractive source of sensory/cognitive stimulation for young children. Despite fears that usage may have a negative impact on toddlers' cognitive development, empirical evidence is lacking. The current study presents results from the UK Toddler Attentional Behaviours and LEarning with Touchscreens (TABLET) project, examining the association between toddlers' touchscreen use and the attainment of developmental milestones. Data were gathered in an online survey of 715 parents of 6- to 36-month-olds to address two research questions: (1) How does touchscreen use change from 6 to 36 months? (2) In toddlers (19-36 months, i...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375448/a-proof-of-concept-study-of-function-based-statistical-analysis-of-fnirs-data-syntax-comprehension-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment-compared-to-typically-developing-controls
#17
Guifang Fu, Nicholas J A Wan, Joseph M Baker, James W Montgomery, Julia L Evans, Ronald B Gillam
Functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a neuroimaging technology that enables investigators to indirectly monitor brain activity in vivo through relative changes in the concentration of oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin. One of the key features of fNIRS is its superior temporal resolution, with dense measurements over very short periods of time (100 ms increments). Unfortunately, most statistical analysis approaches in the existing literature have not fully utilized the high temporal resolution of fNIRS...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364851/technological-aids-for-the-rehabilitation-of-memory-and-executive-functioning-in-children-and-adolescents-with-acquired-brain-injury
#18
REVIEW
Mark Linden, Carol Hawley, Bronagh Blackwood, Jonathan Evans, Vicki Anderson, Conall O'Rourke
BACKGROUND: The use of technology in healthcare settings is on the increase and may represent a cost-effective means of delivering rehabilitation. Reductions in treatment time, and delivery in the home, are also thought to be benefits of this approach. Children and adolescents with brain injury often experience deficits in memory and executive functioning that can negatively affect their school work, social lives, and future occupations. Effective interventions that can be delivered at home, without the need for high-cost clinical involvement, could provide a means to address a current lack of provision...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220068/accurate-diagnosis-of-latent-tuberculosis-in-children-people-who-are-immunocompromised-or-at-risk-from-immunosuppression-and-recent-arrivals-from-countries-with-a-high-incidence-of-tuberculosis-systematic-review-and-economic-evaluation
#19
Peter Auguste, Alexander Tsertsvadze, Joshua Pink, Rachel Court, Farah Seedat, Tara Gurung, Karoline Freeman, Sian Taylor-Phillips, Clare Walker, Jason Madan, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Aileen Clarke, Paul Sutcliffe
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB), caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) [(Zopf 1883) Lehmann and Neumann 1896], is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Nearly one-third of the world's population is infected with MTB; TB has an annual incidence of 9 million new cases and each year causes 2 million deaths worldwide. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of screening tests [interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) and tuberculin skin tests (TSTs)] in latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) diagnosis to support National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guideline development for three population groups: children, immunocompromised people and those who have recently arrived in the UK from high-incidence countries...
May 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190978/culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-populations-in-medical-research-perceptions-and-experiences-of-older-italians-their-families-ethics-administrators-and-researchers
#20
Robyn Woodward-Kron, Jo-Anne Hughson, Anna Parker, Agnese Bresin, John Hajek, Ute Knoch, Tuong Dien Phan, David Story
BACKGROUND: Low-participation of culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) patients in medical research remains a problem in migrant and refugee destination countries such as Australia. The aims of this study were to explore i) CALD persons' perceptions and experiences of the medical system and medical research, in this case, older Italian Australians; and ii) the views of research professionals on CALD patient participation in medical research. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in Melbourne, Australia, in 2015 utilising in-depth interviews and focus groups with four stakeholder groups: older Italian Australians (n=21); adult children of older Italian Australians (n=10); hospital Human Research Ethics Committee administrators (n=4); and clinical researchers (n=4)...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
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