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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105728/tests-for-detecting-strabismus-in-children-aged-1-to-6-years-in-the-community
#1
REVIEW
Sarah Hull, Vijay Tailor, Sara Balduzzi, Jugnoo Rahi, Christine Schmucker, Gianni Virgili, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor
BACKGROUND: Strabismus (misalignment of the eyes) is a risk factor for impaired visual development both of visual acuity and of stereopsis. Detection of strabismus in the community by non-expert examiners may be performed using a number of different index tests that include direct measures of misalignment (corneal or fundus reflex tests), or indirect measures such as stereopsis and visual acuity. The reference test to detect strabismus by trained professionals is the cover‒uncover test...
November 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096023/school-aged-children-with-mild-bilateral-and-unilateral-hearing-loss-parents-reflections-on-services-experiences-and-outcomes
#2
Viviane Grandpierre, Elizabeth M Fitzpatrick, Eunjung Na, Oreen Mendonca
Following the establishment of newborn hearing screening programs, age of identification and length of time before receiving interventions has been reduced for children, including those with milder degrees of hearing loss who were previously not identified until school age. This population of early-identified children requires new support programs for parents. Although literature is emerging on how parents experience the initial years, there is limited information on support needs during early school years...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079079/assessing-cognitive-functioning-in-females-with-rett-syndrome-by-eye-tracking-methodology
#3
Jaana Ahonniska-Assa, Orli Polack, Einat Saraf, Judy Wine, Tamar Silberg, Andreea Nissenkorn, Bruria Ben-Zeev
BACKGROUND: While many individuals with severe developmental impairments learn to communicate with augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices, a significant number of individuals show major difficulties in the effective use of AAC. Recent technological innovations, i.e., eye-tracking technology (ETT), aim to improve the transparency of communication and may also enable a more valid cognitive assessment. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether ETT in forced-choice tasks can enable children with very severe motor and speech impairments to respond consistently, allowing a more reliable evaluation of their language comprehension...
October 10, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022330/bladder-stone-management-an-update
#4
Antonio Cicione, Cosimo DE Nunzio, Stefano Manno, Rocco Damiano, Alessandro Posti, Estevao Lima, Andrea Tubaro, Filippo Balloni
INTRODUCTION: Bladder stone (BS) is a rare disease curable with several options. Herein, we reviewed the specific literature in order to update the current BS management. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive systematic MEDLINE search was performed for English language reports published before April 2017 using the BS related terms, i.e. bladder-vesical calculi, lithotripsy. Then manuscripts references were screened to identify unfounded studies. Studies regarding BS in children were excluded...
October 11, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961872/achievement-language-and-technology-use-among-college-bound-deaf-learners
#5
Kathryn Crowe, Marc Marschark, Jesper Dammeyer, Christine Lehane
Deaf learners are a highly heterogeneous group who demonstrate varied levels of academic achievement and attainment. Most prior research involving this population has focused on factors facilitating academic success in young deaf children, with less attention paid to older learners. Recent studies, however, have suggested that while factors such as early cochlear implantation and early sign language fluency are positively associated with academic achievement in younger deaf children, they no longer predict achievement once children reach high school age...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955284/looking-tasks-online-utilizing-webcams-to-collect-video-data-from-home
#6
Kilian Semmelmann, Astrid Hönekopp, Sarah Weigelt
Online experimentation is emerging as a new methodology within classical data acquisition in psychology. It allows for easy, fast, broad, and cheap data conduction from the comfort of people's homes. To add another method to the array of available tools, here we used recent developments in web technology to investigate the technical feasibility of online HyperText Markup Language-5/JavaScript-based video data recording. We employed a preferential looking task with children between 4 and 24 months. Parents and their children participated from home through a three-stage process: First, interested adults registered and took pictures through a webcam-based photo application...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948447/gender-by-dasein-a-heideggerian-critique-of-suzanne-kessler-and-the-medical-management-of-infants-born-with-disorders-of-sexual-development
#7
Lauren L Baker
This article explores the relationship between gender, technology, language, and how infants and children born with disorders of sexual development are shaped into intelligible members of the community. The contemporary medical model maintains that children ought to be both socially and surgically assigned and reared as one particular gender. Gender scholar Suzanne Kessler rejects this position and argues for the acceptance of greater genital variability through the use of language. Using a Heideggerian lens, the main question I seek to answer in this article is: does Kessler's approach succeed in its aim to better treat individuals born with disorders of sexual development? I argue that Kessler is successful in offering practical solutions for persons with intersexed conditions to exist and flourish as intelligible members of the community, but that her project ultimately relies on power to "challenge forth" greater acceptance of genital variance...
September 25, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927983/the-digital-divide-in-adoption-and-use-of-mobile-health-technology-among-caregivers-of-pediatric-surgery-patients
#8
Emma C Hamilton, Faiez Saiyed, Charles C Miller, Arturo Eguia, Alexandra C Fonseca, George P Baum, KuoJen Tsao, Mary T Austin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify mobile Health (mHealth) technology utilization among caregivers of pediatric surgery patients. METHODS: We provided a modified version of the 2012 mobile health survey from the Pew Research Center to English and Spanish-speaking caregivers of children aged <18years presenting to pediatric surgical outpatient clinics from June to July of 2016. RESULTS: A total of 171 caregivers completed the survey and included 57 (34%) whites, 30 (18%) blacks, 75 (44%) Hispanics, and 6 (4%) other races...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918643/speech-language-pathology-telehealth-in-rural-and-remote-schools-the-experience-of-school-executive-and-therapy-assistants
#9
Glenn C Fairweather, Michelle A Lincoln, Robyn Ramsden
INTRODUCTION: Difficulties in accessing allied health services, especially in rural and remote areas, appear to be driving the use of telehealth services to children in schools. The objectives of this study were to investigate the experiences and views of school executive staff and therapy assistants regarding the feasibility and acceptability of a speech-language pathology telehealth program for children attending schools in rural and remote New South Wales, Australia. The program, called Come N See, provided therapy interventions remotely via low-bandwidth videoconferencing, with email follow-up...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915991/adolescent-and-parental-reactions-to-puberty-in-nigeria-and-kenya-a-cross-cultural-and-intergenerational-comparison
#10
Bamidele M Bello, Adesegun O Fatusi, Oluwatomi E Adepoju, Beatrice W Maina, Caroline W Kabiru, Marni Sommer, Kristin Mmari
PURPOSE: This qualitative study assesses the cross-cultural and intergenerational reactions of young adolescents and parents to puberty in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, and Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: Sixty-six boys and girls (aged 11-13 years) and their parents participated in narrative interviews conducted in English or local languages in two urban poor settings in Ile-Ife and Nairobi. All interviews were recorded, transcribed, translated, and uploaded into Atlas.ti software for coding and analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913703/using-technology-and-assessment-to-personalize-instruction-preventing-reading-problems
#11
Carol McDonald Connor
Children who fail to learn to read proficiently are at serious risk of referral to special education, grade retention, dropping out of high school, and entering the juvenile justice system. Accumulating research suggests that instruction regimes that rely on assessment to inform instruction are effective in improving the implementation of personalized instruction and, in turn, student learning. However, teachers find it difficult to interpret assessment results in a way that optimizes learning opportunities for all of the students in their classrooms...
September 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901005/delivery-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#12
REVIEW
Agustín Ciapponi, Simon Lewin, Cristian A Herrera, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Elizabeth Paulsen, Gabriel Rada, Charles S Wiysonge, Gabriel Bastías, Lilian Dudley, Signe Flottorp, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Claire Glenton, Charles I Okwundu, Blanca Peñaloza, Fatima Suleman, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: Delivery arrangements include changes in who receives care and when, who provides care, the working conditions of those who provide care, coordination of care amongst different providers, where care is provided, the use of information and communication technology to deliver care, and quality and safety systems. How services are delivered can have impacts on the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of health systems. This broad overview of the findings of systematic reviews can help policymakers and other stakeholders identify strategies for addressing problems and improve the delivery of services...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890264/breastfeeding-is-associated-with-higher-retention-in-wic-after-age-1
#13
Shannon E Whaley, Mike Whaley, Lauren E Au, Klara Gurzo, Lorrene D Ritchie
OBJECTIVE: Examine factors associated with retention on the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) after 1 year of age. SETTING: A large California WIC program. PARTICIPANTS: WIC participants 14 months old (9,632) between July and September, 2016. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Recertification in WIC by 14 months of age. ANALYSIS: Multivariate logistic regression was performed and odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed to examine factors associated with child retention in WIC at age 14 months...
November 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872931/factors-perceived-by-rehabilitation-professionals-to-influence-the-provision-of-assistive-technology-to-children-a-systematic-review
#14
Karin van Niekerk, Shakila Dada, Kerstin Tönsing, Kobie Boshoff
BACKGROUND: The use of Assistive Technology (AT) by children with disabilities has been associated with significant development and improvement in outcomes within all spheres of life. However, AT is often underutilized. Appropriate selection of AT by rehabilitation professionals could improve the satisfaction of the user and their family with their AT. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search identified six studies that investigate the factors that occupational therapists, physiotherapists, as well as speech and language pathologists perceive to influence their provision of AT to children...
September 5, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815363/the-use-of-natural-language-processing-on-pediatric-diagnostic-radiology-reports-in-the-electronic-health-record-to-identify-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-children
#15
Jorge A Gálvez, Janine M Pappas, Luis Ahumada, John N Martin, Allan F Simpao, Mohamed A Rehman, Char Witmer
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a potentially life-threatening condition that includes both deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism. We sought to improve detection and reporting of children with a new diagnosis of VTE by applying natural language processing (NLP) tools to radiologists' reports. We validated an NLP tool, Reveal NLP (Health Fidelity Inc, San Mateo, CA) and inference rules engine's performance in identifying reports with deep venous thrombosis using a curated set of ultrasound reports...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758782/shape-up-an-eye-tracking-study-of-preschoolers-shape-name-processing-and-spatial-development
#16
Brian N Verdine, Ann Bunger, Angeliki Athanasopoulou, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek
Learning the names of geometric shapes is at the intersection of early spatial, mathematical, and language skills, all important for school-readiness and predictors of later abilities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). We investigated whether socioeconomic status (SES) influenced children's processing of shape names and whether differences in processing were predictive of later spatial skills. Three-year-olds (N = 79) with mothers of varying education levels participated in an eye-tracking task that required them to look at named shapes...
October 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756432/talking-to-toddlers-drawing-on-mothers-perceptions-of-using-wearable-and-mobile-technology-in-the-home
#17
Dawn Choo, Shani Dettman, Richard Dowell, Robert Cowan
BACKGROUND: Mother-child interactions often give rise to opportunities for early language learning in the context of everyday life. Persuasive technology has the potential to influence maternal language behaviours in the home and promote mothers' active engagement in the development of their children's communication skills. AIM: This paper explored maternal perceptions regarding the use of a language tracking wearable (Language Environment Analysis; LENA) device and a parent education smartphone application in an 8-week trial with their young children...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753435/the-contribution-of-spatial-ability-to-mathematics-achievement-in-middle-childhood
#18
Katie A Gilligan, Eirini Flouri, Emily K Farran
Strong spatial skills are associated with success in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) domains. Although there is convincing evidence that spatial skills are a reliable predictor of mathematical achievement in preschool children and in university students, there is a lack of research exploring associations between spatial and mathematics achievement during the primary school years. To address this question, this study explored associations between mathematics and spatial skills in children aged 5 and 7years...
November 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752631/what-approaches-for-promoting-shared-decision-making-are-used-in-child-mental-health-a-scoping-review
#19
Helen Cheng, Daniel Hayes, Julian Edbrooke-Childs, Kate Martin, Louise Chapman, Miranda Wolpert
OBJECTIVE: Whilst the benefits of shared decision-making (SDM) have been promoted across different health settings, its implementation is complex, particularly for children and young people with mental health difficulties. The aim of this scoping review was to identify and describe SDM approaches (tools, techniques, and technologies) used in child and youth mental health. METHOD: Electronic databases and grey literature were searched. Papers were included if they satisfied these criteria: English language; described an SDM approach (tool, technique, or technology); included sufficient detail on the SDM approach for quality assessment; did not use only a questionnaire to provide feedback on SDM or related concepts (e...
July 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650177/learning-on-hold-cell-phones-sidetrack-parent-child-interactions
#20
Jessa Reed, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff
Although research suggests that responsive interactions are imperative for language development, the advent of mobile technology means that parent-child exchanges are often fraught with unpredictable interruptions. Less clear is how these momentary breaks in responsiveness affect word learning. In this within-subjects design, 38 mothers taught their 2-year-olds (M = 27.15 months) 2 novel words, 1 at a time. One teaching period was interrupted by a cell phone call. Children learned the word when the teaching was not interrupted, but not when it was interrupted...
June 26, 2017: Developmental Psychology
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