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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327383/sigueme-technology-based-intervention-for-low-functioning-autism-to-train-skills-to-work-with-visual-signifiers-and-concepts
#1
María Vélez-Coto, María José Rodríguez-Fórtiz, María Luisa Rodriguez-Almendros, Marcelino Cabrera-Cuevas, Carlos Rodríguez-Domínguez, Tomás Ruiz-López, Ángeles Burgos-Pulido, Inmaculada Garrido-Jiménez, Juan Martos-Pérez
BACKGROUND: People with low-functioning ASD and other disabilities often find it difficult to understand the symbols traditionally used in educational materials during the learning process. Technology-based interventions are becoming increasingly common, helping children with cognitive disabilities to perform academic tasks and improve their abilities and knowledge. Such children often find it difficult to perform certain tasks contained in educational materials since they lack necessary skills such as abstract reasoning...
March 16, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304115/extracorporeal-photopheresis-in-pediatric-patients-practical-and-technical-considerations
#2
Robert A DeSimone, Joseph Schwartz, Jennifer Schneiderman
In adults, extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) is widely utilized for a variety of indications, most commonly cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, acute or chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), solid organ transplant rejection, and other autoimmune and T-cell-mediated disorders. In pediatric patients, the majority of case series and reports have focused on its use in the management of acute and chronic GVHD. Currently utilized ECP technologies were designed for adult patients and there are several challenges in adapting these technologies for use in children...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302740/genetics-and-genomics-of-congenital-heart-disease
#3
Samir Zaidi, Martina Brueckner
Congenital heart disease is the most common birth defect, and because of major advances in medical and surgical management, there are now more adults living with congenital heart disease (CHD) than children. Until recently, the cause of the majority of CHD was unknown. Advances in genomic technologies have discovered the genetic causes of a significant fraction of CHD, while at the same time pointing to remarkable complexity in CHD genetics. This review will focus on the evidence for genetic causes underlying CHD and discuss data supporting both monogenic and complex genetic mechanisms underlying CHD...
March 17, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257875/game-based-combined-cognitive-and-neurofeedback-training-using-focus-pocus-reduces-symptom-severity-in-children-with-diagnosed-ad-hd-and-subclinical-ad-hd
#4
Stuart J Johnstone, Steven J Roodenrys, Kirsten Johnson, Rebecca Bonfield, Susan J Bennett
Previous studies report reductions in symptom severity after combined working memory (WM) and inhibitory control (IC) training in children with AD/HD. Based on theoretical accounts of the role of arousal/attention modulation problems in AD/HD, the current study examined the efficacy of combined WM, IC, and neurofeedback training in children with AD/HD and subclinical AD/HD. Using a randomized waitlist control design, 85 children were randomly allocated to a training or waitlist condition and completed pre- and post-training assessments of overt behavior, trained and untrained cognitive task performance, and resting and task-related EEG activity...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184210/attachment-avoidance-is-significantly-related-to-attentional-preference-for-infant-faces-evidence-from-eye-movement-data
#5
Yuncheng Jia, Gang Cheng, Dajun Zhang, Na Ta, Mu Xia, Fangyuan Ding
Objective: To determine the influence of adult attachment orientations on infant preference. Methods: We adopted eye-tracking technology to monitor childless college women's eye movements when looking at pairs of faces, including one adult face (man or woman) and one infant face, with three different expressions (happy, sadness, and neutral). The participants (N = 150; 84% Han ethnicity) were aged 18-29 years (M = 19.22, SD = 1.72). A random intercepts multilevel linear regression analysis was used to assess the unique contribution of attachment avoidance, determined using the Experiences in Close Relationships scale, to preference for infant faces...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056653/a-statistical-physics-perspective-to-understand-social-visual-attention-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Alessio Liberati, Roberta Fadda, Giuseppe Doneddu, Sara Congiu, Marco A Javarone, Tricia Striano, Alessandro Chessa
This study investigated social visual attention in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and with typical development (TD) in the light of Brockmann and Geisel's model of visual attention. The probability distribution of gaze movements and clustering of gaze points, registered with eye-tracking technology, was studied during a free visual exploration of a gaze stimulus. A data-driven analysis of the distribution of eye movements was chosen to overcome any possible methodological problems related to the subjective expectations of the experimenters about the informative contents of the image in addition to a computational model to simulate group differences...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028968/the-use-of-3d-printing-technology-in-the-ilizarov-method-treatment-pilot-study
#7
Karolina Burzyńska, Piotr Morasiewicz, Jarosław Filipiak
BACKGROUND: Significant developments in additive manufacturing technology have occurred in recent years. 3D printing techniques can also be helpful in the Ilizarov method treatment. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of 3D printing technology in the Ilizarov method treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Physical models of bones used to plan the spatial design of Ilizarov external fixator were manufactured by FDM (Fused Deposition Modeling) spatial printing technology...
November 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018271/comparing-a-perceptual-and-an-automated-vision-based-method-for-lie-detection-in-younger-children
#8
Mariana Serras Pereira, Reinier Cozijn, Eric Postma, Suleman Shahid, Marc Swerts
The present study investigates how easily it can be detected whether a child is being truthful or not in a game situation, and it explores the cue validity of bodily movements for such type of classification. To achieve this, we introduce an innovative methodology - the combination of perception studies (in which eye-tracking technology is being used) and automated movement analysis. Film fragments from truthful and deceptive children were shown to human judges who were given the task to decide whether the recorded child was being truthful or not...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973718/human-nuclear-genome-transfer-so-called-mitochondrial-replacement-clearing-the-underbrush
#9
Françoise Baylis
In this article, I argue that there is no compelling therapeutic 'need' for human nuclear genome transfer (so-called mitochondrial replacement) to prevent mitochondrial diseases caused by mtDNA mutations. At most there is a strong interest in (i.e. 'want' for) this technology on the part of some women and couples at risk of having children with mitochondrial disease, and perhaps also a 'want' on the part of some researchers who see the technology as a useful precedent - one that provides them with 'a quiet way station' in which to refine the micromanipulations techniques essential for other human germline interventions and human cloning...
January 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943285/annual-research-review-digital-health-interventions-for-children-and-young-people-with-mental-health-problems-a-systematic-and-meta-review
#10
REVIEW
Chris Hollis, Caroline J Falconer, Jennifer L Martin, Craig Whittington, Sarah Stockton, Cris Glazebrook, E Bethan Davies
BACKGROUND: Digital health interventions (DHIs), including computer-assisted therapy, smartphone apps and wearable technologies, are heralded as having enormous potential to improve uptake and accessibility, efficiency, clinical effectiveness and personalisation of mental health interventions. It is generally assumed that DHIs will be preferred by children and young people (CYP) given their ubiquitous digital activity. However, it remains uncertain whether: DHIs for CYP are clinically and cost-effective, CYP prefer DHIs to traditional services, DHIs widen access and how they should be evaluated and adopted by mental health services...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940422/data-as-a-service-platform-for-delivering-healthy-lifestyle-and-preventive-medicine-concept-and-structure-of-the-daphne-project
#11
Catherine Gibbons, Gonzalo Bailador Del Pozo, Javier Andrés, Tim Lobstein, Melania Manco, Hadas Lewy, Einat Bergman, David O'Callaghan, Gavin Doherty, Olga Kudrautseva, Angel Palomares, Roni Ram, Alberto Olmo
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity is related to many health problems and diseases. The current obesity epidemic, which is a major health problem, is closely related to a lack of physical activity, high levels of sedentary behavior, and increased energy intake; with evidence to show increasing incidence of these issues in the younger population. Tackling obesity and its comorbid conditions requires a holistic approach encompassing attention on physical activity, healthy diet, and behavioral activation in order to enable and maintain meaningful and long-term weight loss and weight maintenance...
December 9, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893572/pain-management-in-pediatric-burn-patients-review-of-recent-literature-and-future-directions
#12
Omar Pardesi, Gennadiy Fuzaylov
Childhood burns are a profoundly traumatic and painful experience. Despite recognition of the prevalence of burn injuries in children and the severity of the associated pain, burn pain remains undertreated. At the same time, more evidence is emerging to suggest that undertreated pain has serious long-term medical and psychiatric consequences, many of which can be ameliorated with improved pain control. Pain in burn patients is, however, notoriously difficult to treat, perhaps because there is a chronic pain aspect underlying the acute pain that accompanies wound care and procedures...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889223/laparoscopic-pyeloplasty-initial-experience-with-3d-vision-laparoscopy-and-articulating-shears
#13
Hiba Abou-Haidar, Talal Al-Qaoud, Roman Jednak, Alex Brzezinski, Mohamed El-Sherbiny, John-Paul Capolicchio
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic reconstructive surgery is associated with a steep learning curve related to the use of two-dimensional (2D) vision and rigid instruments. With the advent of robotic surgery, three-dimensional (3D) vision, and articulated instruments, this learning curve has been facilitated. We present a hybrid alternative to robotic surgery, using laparoscopy with 3D vision and articulated shears. OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes of children undergoing pyeloplasty using 3D laparoscopy with articulated instruments with those undergoing the same surgery using standard laparoscopy with 2D vision and rigid instruments...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866351/social-referencing-gaze-behavior-during-a-videogame-task-eye-tracking-evidence-from-children-with-and-without-asd
#14
Erinn H Finke, Krista M Wilkinson, Benjamin D Hickerson
The purpose of this study was to understand the social referencing behaviors of children with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD) while visually attending to a videogame stimulus depicting both the face of the videogame player and the videogame play action. Videogames appear to offer a uniquely well-suited environment for the emergence of friendships, but it is not known if children with and without ASD attend to and play videogames similarly. Eyetracking technology was used to investigate visual attention of participants matched based on chronological age...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826281/can-touch-screen-tablets-be-used-to-assess-cognitive-and-motor-skills-in-early-years-primary-school-children-a-cross-cultural-study
#15
Nicola J Pitchford, Laura A Outhwaite
Assessment of cognitive and motor functions is fundamental for developmental and neuropsychological profiling. Assessments are usually conducted on an individual basis, with a trained examiner, using standardized paper and pencil tests, and can take up to an hour or more to complete, depending on the nature of the test. This makes traditional standardized assessments of child development largely unsuitable for use in low-income countries. Touch screen tablets afford the opportunity to assess cognitive functions in groups of participants, with untrained administrators, with precision recording of responses, thus automating the assessment process...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784416/a-randomized-crossover-trial-of-a-novel-sound-to-sleep-mattress-technology-in-children-with-autism-and-sleep-difficulties
#16
Thomas W Frazier, Jyoti Krishna, Eric Klingemier, Mary Beukemann, Rawan Nawabit, Sally Ibrahim
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This preliminary study investigated the tolerability and efficacy of a novel mattress technology-the Sound-To-Sleep (STS) system-in the treatment of sleep problems in children with autism. METHODS: After screening, 45 children, ages 2.5 to 12.9 years, were randomized to order of mattress technology use (On-Off vs. Off-On). Treatment conditions (On vs. Off) lasted two weeks with immediate crossover. Tolerability, including study discontinuation and parent-report of mattress tolerance and ease of use, was tracked throughout the study...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765773/comparing-young-people-s-experience-of-technology-delivered-v-face-to-face-mindfulness-and-relaxation-two-armed-qualitative-focus-group-study
#17
Conall Tunney, Patricia Cooney, David Coyle, Gary O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: The current popularity of mindfulness-based practices has coincided with the increase in access to mobile technology. This has led to many mindfulness apps and programs becoming available, some specifically for children. However, little is known about the experience of engaging with mindfulness through these mediums. AIMS: To explore children's experience of mindfulness delivered both face-to-face and through a computer game to highlight any differences or similarities...
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753223/oculomotor-atypicalities-in-developmental-coordination-disorder
#18
Emma Sumner, Samuel B Hutton, Gustav Kuhn, Elisabeth L Hill
Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) fail to acquire adequate motor skill, yet surprisingly little is known about the oculomotor system in DCD. Successful completion of motor tasks is supported by accurate visual feedback. The purpose of this study was to determine whether any oculomotor differences can distinguish between children with and without a motor impairment. Using eye tracking technology, visual fixation, smooth pursuit, and pro- and anti-saccade performance were assessed in 77 children that formed three groups: children with DCD (aged 7-10), chronologically age (CA) matched peers, and a motor-match (MM) group (aged 4-7)...
October 17, 2016: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688903/crispr-a-crossroads-in-genetic-intervention-pitting-the-right-to-health-against-the-right-to-disability
#19
Shawna Benston
Reproductive genetic technologies (RGTs), including gene-editing technology, are being discovered and refined at an exponential pace. One gene-editing innovation that demands our swift attention is CRISPR/Cas9, a system of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats and a protein called Cas9. As CRISPR and other RGTs continue being developed, we must remain vigilant concerning the potential implications of genetic-engineering technology on our interpersonal and legal relationships. In the face of increasingly numerous and refined RGTs, we must maintain the rights of everyone: potential parents, prospective children, and individuals (both living and prospective) with disabilities...
March 2016: Laws
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666134/the-work-of-inscription-antenatal-care-birth-documents-and-shan-migrant-women-in-chiang-mai
#20
Bo Kyeong Seo
For transnational migrant populations, securing birth documents of newly born children has crucial importance in avoiding statelessness for new generations. Drawing on discussions of sovereignty and political subjectivization, I ask how the fact of birth is constituted in the context of transnational migration. Based on ethnographic data collected from an antenatal clinic in Thailand, this article describes how Shan migrant women from Burma (Myanmar) utilize reproductive health services as a way of assuring a safe birth while acquiring identification documents...
September 26, 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
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