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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287205/novel-names-extend-for-how-long-preschool-children-sample-visual-information
#1
Paulo F Carvalho, Catarina Vales, Caitlin M Fausey, Linda B Smith
Known words can guide visual attention, affecting how information is sampled. How do novel words, those that do not provide any top-down information, affect preschoolers' visual sampling in a conceptual task? We proposed that novel names can also change visual sampling by influencing how long children look. We investigated this possibility by analyzing how children sample visual information when they hear a sentence with a novel name versus without a novel name. Children completed a match-to-sample task while their moment-to-moment eye movements were recorded using eye-tracking technology...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234356/the-opportunities-of-virtual-reality-in-the-rehabilitation-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Azadeh Bashiri, Marjan Ghazisaeedi, Leila Shahmoradi
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood. This disorder, in addition to its main symptoms, creates significant difficulties in education, social performance, and personal relationships. Given the importance of rehabilitation for these patients to combat the above issues, the use of virtual reality (VR) technology is helpful. The aim of this study was to highlight the opportunities for VR in the rehabilitation of children with ADHD. This narrative review was conducted by searching for articles in scientific databases and e-Journals, using keywords including VR, children, and ADHD...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232173/tele-pediatric-intensive-care-for-critically-ill-children-in-syria
#3
Muhammad Bakr Ghbeis, Katherine M Steffen, Elizabeth A Braunlin, Gregory J Beilman, Jay Dahman, Waseem Ostwani, Marie E Steiner
BACKGROUND: Armed conflicts can result in humanitarian crises and have major impacts on civilians, of whom children represent a significant proportion. Usual pediatric medical care is often disrupted and trauma resulting from war-related injuries is often devastating. High pediatric mortality rates are thus experienced in these ravaged medical environments. INTRODUCTION: Using simple communication technology to provide real-time management recommendations from highly trained pediatric personnel can provide substantive clinical support and have a significant impact on pediatric morbidity and mortality...
December 12, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224769/evaluation-of-speech-reception-threshold-in-noise-in-young-cochlear%C3%A2-nucleus%C3%A2-system-6-implant-recipients-using-two-different-digital-remote-microphone-technologies-and-a-speech-enhancement-sound-processing-algorithm
#4
Sergio Razza, Monica Zaccone, Aannalisa Meli, Eliana Cristofari
OBJECTIVE: Children affected by hearing loss can experience difficulties in challenging and noisy environments even when deafness is corrected by Cochlear implant (CI) devices. These patients have a selective attention deficit in multiple listening conditions. At present, the most effective ways to improve the performance of speech recognition in noise consists of providing CI processors with noise reduction algorithms and of providing patients with bilateral CIs. The aim of this study was to compare speech performances in noise, across increasing noise levels, in CI recipients using two kinds of wireless remote-microphone radio systems that use digital radio frequency transmission: the Roger Inspiro accessory and the Cochlear Wireless Mini Microphone accessory...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222634/what-is-the-level-of-evidence-for-the-use-of-currently-available-technologies-in-facilitating-the-self-management-of-difficulties-associated-with-adhd-in-children-and-young-people-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Lauren Powell, Jack Parker, Valerie Harpin
A number of technologies to help self-manage attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and young people (YP) have been developed. This review will assess the level of evidence for the use of such technologies. The review was undertaken in accordance with the general principles recommended in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis. 7545 studies were screened. Fourteen studies of technology that aim to self-manage difficulties associated with ADHD in children and YP were included...
December 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221915/structural-brain-development-a-review-of-methodological-approaches-and-best-practices
#6
REVIEW
Nandita Vijayakumar, Kathryn L Mills, Aaron Alexander-Bloch, Christian K Tamnes, Sarah Whittle
Continued advances in neuroimaging technologies and statistical modelling capabilities have improved our knowledge of structural brain development in children and adolescents. While this has provided an increasingly nuanced understanding of brain development, the field is still plagued by inconsistent findings. This review highlights the methodological diversity in existing longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies on structural brain development during childhood and adolescence, and addresses how such variation might contribute to inconsistencies in the literature...
November 22, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191497/recontacting-in-light-of-new-genetic-diagnostic-techniques-for-patients-with-intellectual-disability-feasibility-and-parental-perspectives
#7
Gea Beunders, Melodi Dekker, Oscar Haver, Hanne J Meijers-Heijboer, Lidewij Henneman
A higher diagnostic yield from new diagnostic techniques makes re-evaluation in patients with intellectual disability without a causal diagnosis valuable, and is currently only performed after new referral. Active recontacting might serve a larger group of patients. We aimed to evaluate parental perspectives regarding recontacting and its feasibility in clinical genetic practice. A recontacting pilot was performed in two cohorts of children with intellectual disability. In cohort A, parents were recontacted by phone and in cohort B by letter, to invite them for a re-evaluation due to the new technologies (array CGH and exome sequencing, respectively)...
November 27, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161215/recent-advances-in-nanomedicine-and-survivin-targeting-in-brain-cancers
#8
Jake Mazur, Kislay Roy, Jagat R Kanwar
Brain cancer is a highly lethal disease, especially devastating toward both the elderly and children. This cancer has no therapeutics available to combat it, predominately due to the blood-brain barrier (BBB) preventing treatments from maintaining therapeutic levels within the brain. Recently, nanoparticle technology has entered the forefront of cancer therapy due to its ability to deliver therapeutic effects while potentially passing physiological barriers. Key nanoparticles for brain cancer treatment include glutathione targeted PEGylated liposomes, gold nanoparticles, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles and nanoparticle-albumin bound drugs, with these being discussed throughout this review...
November 21, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155488/effectiveness-of-a-virtual-reality-intervention-to-minimize-pediatric-stress-and-pain-intensity-during-venipuncture
#9
Joanna Piskorz, Marcin Czub
PURPOSE: Virtual reality (VR) technology is an effective tool in treatment of acute pain. Numerous studies show the effectiveness of this method both in a clinical context and in the laboratory. However, research results on the effectiveness of VR in pediatric venipuncture pain is not conclusive-not all studies report the analgesic effect of VR. In addition to testing effectiveness of VR, we also assess the usability of a novel hands-free interface. DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients of paediatric nephrology clinic (N = 38; mean age 11 years, range 7-17) participated in a posttest only between group quasi-experimental study...
November 20, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155369/virtual-rehabilitation-with-children-challenges-for-clinical-adoption-from-the-field
#10
Stephanie Glegg
Virtual, augmented, and mixed reality environments are increasingly being developed and used to address functional rehabilitation goals related to physical, cognitive, social, and psychological impairments. For example, a child with an acquired brain injury may participate in virtual rehabilitation to address impairments in balance, attention, turn taking, and engagement in therapy. The trend toward virtual rehabilitation first gained momentum with the adoption of commercial off-the-shelf active video gaming consoles (e...
November 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135444/-validation-of-hungarian-smartphone-deprivation-inventory-hsdi-with-school-children
#11
Sándor Csibi, Zsolt Demetrovics, Attila Szabo
The widespread use of smartphones generates new habits and behaviors among the users, including schoolchildren. Advance technology-based applications, capturing interest and attention, influence cognitive focus and time spent with the device. Examination of these factors points toward the risk of addiction, as well as the deprivations sensations associated with the latter, that call for scholastic attention. AIM: The aim of this study was to validate a Hungarian Smartphone Deprivation Inventory (HSDI), to gauge the deprivation feelings and their severity in schoolchildren when they cannot access their device...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072182/social-challenges-of-contemporary-psychiatry
#12
N Bouras
Psychiatry and society are interrelated and the biopsychosocial model continues to dominate the clinical psychiatric practice. Some doubts have been expressed in recent years about the value and the wide acceptance of the biopsychosocial model. Ghaemi (2009)1 considers it to be anti-humanistic and advocates the use of less eclectic, less generic, and less vague alternatives. The fundamental changes that have been witnessed in our times across the spectrum of biology, psychology and sociology have made necessary that a conceptual clarity should prevail...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030325/adhd-is-there-an-app-for-that-a-suitability-assessment-of-apps-for-the-parents-of-children-and-young-people-with-adhd
#13
Lauren Powell, Jack Parker, Valerie Harpin
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly comorbid disorder that can impact significantly on the individual and their family. ADHD is managed via pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions. Parents also gain support from parent support groups, which may include chat rooms, as well as face-to-face meetings. With the growth of technology use over recent years, parents have access to more resources that ever before. A number of mobile apps have been developed to help parents manage ADHD in their children and young people...
October 13, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978497/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-is-there-an-app-for-that-suitability-assessment-of-apps-for-children-and-young-people-with-adhd
#14
Lauren Powell, Jack Parker, Naomi Robertson, Valerie Harpin
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a complex highly comorbid disorder, which can have a huge impact on those with ADHD, their family, and the community around them. ADHD is currently managed using pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions. However, with advances in technology and an increase in the use of mobile apps, managing ADHD can be augmented using apps specifically designed for this population. However, little is known regarding the suitability and usability of currently available apps...
October 4, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963690/new-medical-risks-affecting-obstetrics-after-implementation-of-the-two-child-policy-in-china
#15
Qiang Li, Dongrui Deng
China recently instituted a two-child policy in response to its aging population, declining workforce and demographic dividend, and the need to develop asocial economy. Additionally, women generally delay having a second child because of the overwhelming pressure in their lives. With the improvements in assisted fertility technologies in recent years, the number of elderly women attempting to bear children has increased. The quality of woman's eggs and a man's sperm declined dramatically with increasing age, leading to an increased risk of pregnancy-related complications among older women...
September 30, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961872/achievement-language-and-technology-use-among-college-bound-deaf-learners
#16
Kathryn Crowe, Marc Marschark, Jesper Dammeyer, Christine Lehane
Deaf learners are a highly heterogeneous group who demonstrate varied levels of academic achievement and attainment. Most prior research involving this population has focused on factors facilitating academic success in young deaf children, with less attention paid to older learners. Recent studies, however, have suggested that while factors such as early cochlear implantation and early sign language fluency are positively associated with academic achievement in younger deaf children, they no longer predict achievement once children reach high school age...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955284/looking-tasks-online-utilizing-webcams-to-collect-video-data-from-home
#17
Kilian Semmelmann, Astrid Hönekopp, Sarah Weigelt
Online experimentation is emerging as a new methodology within classical data acquisition in psychology. It allows for easy, fast, broad, and cheap data conduction from the comfort of people's homes. To add another method to the array of available tools, here we used recent developments in web technology to investigate the technical feasibility of online HyperText Markup Language-5/JavaScript-based video data recording. We employed a preferential looking task with children between 4 and 24 months. Parents and their children participated from home through a three-stage process: First, interested adults registered and took pictures through a webcam-based photo application...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941529/emerging-applications-of-optical-coherence-tomography-in-pediatric-optic-neuropathies
#18
Sidney M Gospe, M Tariq Bhatti, Mays A El-Dairi
Limited cooperation and attention span often lead to poorly reliable assessments of visual acuity and visual fields in children, making diagnosis and monitoring of pediatric optic neuropathies challenging. As a noninvasive imaging modality, optical coherence tomography (OCT) could offer particular utility in this patient population. OCT provides high-resolution characterization of the optic nerve head, peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer, and cellular layers of the macula, all of which can be used to assess the severity of optic nerve disease qualitatively and quantitatively...
May 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935618/social-communication-coaching-smartglasses-well-tolerated-in-a-diverse-sample-of-children-and-adults-with-autism
#19
Neha U Keshav, Joseph P Salisbury, Arshya Vahabzadeh, Ned T Sahin
BACKGROUND: Augmented reality (AR) smartglasses are an emerging technology that is under investigation as a social communication aid for children and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and as a research tool to aid with digital phenotyping. Tolerability of this wearable technology in people with ASD is an important area for research, especially as these individuals may experience sensory, cognitive, and attentional challenges. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the tolerability and usability of a novel smartglasses system that has been designed as a social communication aid for children and adults with autism (the Brain Power Autism System [BPAS])...
September 21, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870688/-what-do-virtual-reality-tools-bring-to-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#20
S Bioulac, E de Sevin, P Sagaspe, A Claret, P Philip, J A Micoulaud-Franchi, M P Bouvard
Virtual reality is a relatively new technology that enables individuals to immerse themselves in a virtual world. It offers several advantages including a more realistic, lifelike environment that may allow subjects to "forget" they are being assessed, allow a better participation and an increased generalization of learning. Moreover, the virtual reality system can provide multimodal stimuli, such as visual and auditory stimuli, and can also be used to evaluate the patient's multimodal integration and to aid rehabilitation of cognitive abilities...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
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