keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Child autism

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811173/prenatal-exposure-to-pyrethroid-pesticides-and-childhood-behavior-and-executive-functioning
#1
Melissa A Furlong, Dana Boyd Barr, Mary S Wolff, Stephanie M Engel
Several previous studies of pyrethroid biomarkers and behavior have reported associations between concurrent pyrethroid levels and adverse behavioral problems in children. One geospatial study reported associations between prenatal exposure to pyrethroids and autism. However, the association between prenatal pyrethroid biomarkers and childhood behavior is unknown. The Mount Sinai Children's Environmental Health Center is a prospective birth cohort with urinary pyrethroid biomarkers during pregnancy and behavioral measurements at 4, 6, and 7-9 years of age...
August 12, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807892/parent-mediated-intervention-training-delivered-remotely-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-living-outside-of-urban-areas-systematic-review
#2
Dave Parsons, Reinie Cordier, Sharmila Vaz, Hoe C Lee
BACKGROUND: Parent training programs for families living outside of urban areas can be used to improve the social behavior and communication skills in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, no review has been conducted to investigate these programs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to (1) systematically review the existing evidence presented by studies on parent-mediated intervention training, delivered remotely for parents having children with ASD and living outside of urban areas; (2) provide an overview of current parent training interventions used with this population; (3) and provide an overview of the method of delivery of the parent training interventions used with this population...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801936/normative-data-and-psychometric-properties-of-a-farsi-translation-of-the-strange-stories-test
#3
Zahra Shahrivar, Mehdi Tehrani-Doost, Anahita Khorrami Banaraki, Azar Mohammadzadeh, Francesca Happe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The Strange Stories test is one of the most commonly used tests to evaluate advanced "theory of mind," i.e. attribution of mental states. Normative data and psychometric properties of a new Farsi translation of this test were evaluated in a large community-based sample of Iranian school-aged children. METHODS: Through randomized cluster sampling, 398 children aged 9-11 years studying at 20 elementary schools were recruited from 4 central regions of Tehran, Iran...
August 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799289/prenatal-exposure-to-fever-is-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-the-boston-birth-cohort
#4
Martha Brucato, Christine Ladd-Acosta, Mengying Li, Deanna Caruso, Xiumei Hong, Jamie Kaczaniuk, Elizabeth A Stuart, M Daniele Fallin, Xiaobin Wang
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is phenotypically and etiologically heterogeneous, with evidence for genetic and environmental contributions to disease risk. Research has focused on the prenatal period as a time where environmental exposures are likely to influence risk for ASD. Epidemiological studies have shown significant associations between prenatal exposure to maternal immune activation (MIA), caused by infections and fever, and ASD. However, due to differences in study design and exposure measurements no consistent patterns have emerged revealing specific times or type of MIA exposure that are most important to ASD risk...
August 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798710/convergent-evaluation-of-working-memory-and-arithmetic-ability-in-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-without-intellectual-impairment
#5
Sandra Pellizzoni, Maria C Passolunghi
Studies focusing on a joint evaluation of both Working Memory (WM) and Math Ability (MA) in autism are far from abundant in literature, possibly due to inadequate methodological approaches and reported inconsistencies between results obtained in each separate field of research, resulting in contradictory conclusions. The specific aim of this case report is therefore evaluating and integrating results on these two cognitive abilities in a child with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual impairment. Our data on an autistic 10-year-old child (M...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798541/animal-assisted-therapies-for-youth-with-or-at-risk-for-mental-health-problems-a-systematic-review
#6
Kimberly Eaton Hoagwood, Mary Acri, Meghan Morrissey, Robin Peth-Pierce
To systematically review experimental evidence about animal-assisted therapies (AAT) for children or adolescents with or at risk for mental health conditions, we reviewed all experimental AAT studies published between 2000-2015, and compared studies by animal type, intervention, and outcomes. METHODS: Studies were included if used therapeutically for children and adolescents (≤21 years) with or at risk for a mental health problem; used random assignment or a waitlist comparison/control group; and included child-specific outcome data...
2017: Applied Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795253/autonomic-responses-to-head-up-tilt-test-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#7
Véronique-Aurélie Bricout, Marion Pace, Léa Dumortier, Anne Favre-Juvin, Michel Guinot
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is a group of neurodevelopmental disorders often manifested by social and behavioral deficiencies. Autonomic dysfunction is frequently reported in the autistic population but the mechanisms remain largely unknown. We aimed to characterize the cardiac autonomic profile of children with autism during a head-up tilt test. Thirty-nine male children were recruited: 19 controls (9.9 ± 1.6 years) and 20 children with ASD without intellectual disability (10.7 ± 1.2 years). Each child underwent a head-up tilt test on a motorized tilt table...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781890/self-reported-pregnancy-exposures-and-placental-dna-methylation-in-the-marbles-prospective-autism-sibling-study
#8
Rebecca J Schmidt, Diane I Schroeder, Florence K Crary-Dooley, Jacqueline M Barkoski, Daniel J Tancredi, Cheryl K Walker, Sally Ozonoff, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Janine M LaSalle
Human placenta is a fetal-derived tissue that offers a unique sample of epigenetic and environmental exposures present in utero. In the MARBLES prospective pregnancy study of high-risk younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), pregnancy and environmental factors collected by maternal interviews were examined as predictors of placental DNA methylation, including partially methylated domains (PMDs), an embryonic feature of the placental methylome. DNA methylation data from MethylC-seq analysis of 47 placentas of children clinically diagnosed at 3 years with ASD or typical development using standardized assessments were examined in relation to: child's gestational age, birth-weight, and diagnosis; maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index, smoking, education, parity, height, prenatal vitamin and folate intake; home ownership; pesticides professionally applied to lawns or gardens or inside homes, pet flea/tick pouches, collars, or soaps/shampoos used in the 3 months prior to or during pregnancy...
December 2016: Environmental Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776120/structural-and-pragmatic-language-in-children-with-asd-longitudinal-impact-on-anxiety-and-externalizing-behaviors
#9
Naomi V Rodas, Abbey Eisenhower, Jan Blacher
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at heightened risk for developing comorbid psychological disorders, including anxiety disorders, which may be further exacerbated by the presence of externalizing behaviors. Here, we examined how structural language and pragmatic language predicted anxiety and externalizing behaviors. Participants were 159 young children (4-7 years old) with ASD and their mothers. Utilizing structural equation modeling we examined associations among structural language, pragmatic language, anxiety symptoms, and externalizing behaviors...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762160/parental-outcomes-following-participation-in-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Andrea L Maughan, Jonathan A Weiss
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) benefit from parent involvement in their therapy, and there is evidence that this involvement may improve parent functioning as well. We examined changes in parent mental health, parenting, and expressed emotion, following participation in a randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavior therapy for 57 children with ASD. Post-intervention, improvements occurred in the treatment group in parent depression and emotion regulation, compared to waitlisted parents. Treatment effects also occurred across all parents in depression, emotion regulation, perceptions of their children and mindful parenting...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762159/accurate-autism-screening-at-the-18-month-well-child-visit-requires-different-strategies-than-at-24-months
#11
Raymond Sturner, Barbara Howard, Paul Bergmann, Tanya Morrel, Rebecca Landa, Kejuana Walton, Danielle Marks
Accuracy of autism screening using M-CHAT plus the follow-up interview (M-CHAT/F) for children screened positive at 18-months was compared to screening at 24-months. Formal ASD testing was criterion for a community sample of M-CHAT positive children (n = 98), positive predictive value (PPV) was 0.40 for the M-CHAT and 0.58 for the M-CHAT/F. MCHAT/F PPV was 0.69 among children 20+ months compared to 0.36 for <20 months. Multivariate analyses incorporating data from the Ages and Stages Questionnaire, MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory, M-CHAT and M-CHAT/F results, and M-CHAT items suggest language variables carry greatest relative importance in contributing to an age-based algorithm with potential to improve PPV for toddlers <20 months to the same level as observed in older toddlers...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754226/febrile-seizures-and-epilepsy-association-with-autism-and-other-neurodevelopmental-disorders-in-the-child-and-adolescent-twin-study-in-sweden
#12
Christopher Gillberg, Sebastian Lundström, Elisabeth Fernell, Gill Nilsson, Brian Neville
BACKGROUND: There is a recently well-documented association between childhood epilepsy and earlysymptomaticsyndromeselicitingneurodevelopmentalclinicalexaminations (ESSENCE) including autism spectrum disorder, but the relationship between febrile seizures and ESSENCE is less clear. METHODS: The Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden (CATSS) is an ongoing population-based study targeting twins born in Sweden since July 1, 1992. Parents of 27,092 twins were interviewed using a validated DSM-IV-based interview for ESSENCE, in connection with the twins' ninth or twelfth birthday...
June 8, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752796/lay-listener-classification-and-evaluation-of-typical-and-atypical-children-s-speech
#13
Melissa A Redford, Vsevolod Kapatsinski, Jolynn Cornell-Fabiano
Verbal children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often also have atypical speech. In the context of the many challenges associated with ASD, do speech sound pattern differences really matter? The current study addressed this question. Structured spontaneous speech was elicited from 34 children: 17 with ASD, whose clinicians reported unusual speech prosody; and 17 typically-developing, age-matched controls. Multiword utterances were excerpted from each child's speech sample and presented to young adult listeners, who had no clinical training or experience...
July 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750543/bio-ecological-factors-associated-with-the-psychological-distress-of-fathers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-population-based-study-of-australian-families
#14
Monique Seymour, Rebecca Giallo, Catherine E Wood
Using a bio-ecological framework, the aim of this study was to examine factors associated with psychological distress experienced by fathers of children with autism spectrum disorder from a nationally representative sample of Australian children and their families. Individual (e.g. age and self-efficacy), interpersonal (e.g. partner distress, couple relationship, child behaviour and social support) and social environmental factors (e.g. job quality and financial hardship) were explored as potential predictors of fathers' distress...
July 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749996/misinformation-lingers-in-memory-failure-of-three-pro-vaccination-strategies
#15
Sara Pluviano, Caroline Watt, Sergio Della Sala
People's inability to update their memories in light of corrective information may have important public health consequences, as in the case of vaccination choice. In the present study, we compare three potentially effective strategies in vaccine promotion: one contrasting myths vs. facts, one employing fact and icon boxes, and one showing images of non-vaccinated sick children. Beliefs in the autism/vaccines link and in vaccines side effects, along with intention to vaccinate a future child, were evaluated both immediately after the correction intervention and after a 7-day delay to reveal possible backfire effects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748335/the-broader-autism-phenotype-in-mothers-is-associated-with-increased-discordance-between-maternal-reported-and-clinician-observed-instruments-that-measure-child-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Eric Rubenstein, Rebecca Edmondson Pretzel, Gayle C Windham, Laura A Schieve, Lisa D Wiggins, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Andrew F Olshan, Annie G Howard, Brian W Pence, Lisa Young, Julie Daniels
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis relies on parent-reported and clinician-observed instruments. Sometimes, results between these instruments disagree. The broader autism phenotype (BAP) in parent-reporters may be associated with discordance. Study to Explore Early Development data (N = 712) were used to address whether mothers with BAP and children with ASD or non-ASD developmental disabilities were more likely than mothers without BAP to 'over-' or 'under-report' child ASD on ASD screeners or interviews compared with clinician observation or overall impression...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747813/stress-among-parents-of-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-comparison-involving-physiological-indicators-and-parent-self-reports
#17
Ciara Padden, Jack E James
Parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have been reported as experiencing higher levels of stress and poorer physical health than parents of typically developing children. However, most of the relevant literature has been based on parental self-reports of stress and health. While research on physiological outcomes has grown in recent years, gaps still exist in our understanding of the physiological effects, if any, of stress related to parenting a child with ASD. The present study compared parent-reported stress, anxiety, and depression, as well as selected physiological measures of stress (i...
2017: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745261/examining-bidirectional-relationships-between-parenting-and-child-maladjustment-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-9-year-longitudinal-study-corrigendum
#18
Lisa M Dieleman, Sarah S W De Pauw, Bart Soenens, Wim Beyers, Peter Prinzie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744128/a-6-year-follow-up-of-children-assessed-for-suspected-autism-spectrum-disorder-parents-experiences-of-society-s-support
#19
Gunilla Westman Andersson, Carmela Miniscalco, Nanna Gillberg
BACKGROUND: Early support and interventions are suggested to be important for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other developmental problems and their families. Parents are described to have a burdensome life situation where the child's problems have a great impact on the family's well-being. AIM: To obtain increased knowledge of parents' experiences of support and interventions 6 years after their child was assessed for ASD. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A semi-structured questionnaire was sent to all parents (n=101) whose preschool children (<4 years of age) had been assessed for ASD about 6 years prior in Gothenburg, Sweden...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743046/multi-informant-assessment-of-siblings-of-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-parent-child-discrepancies-in-at-risk-classification
#20
James A Rankin, Theodore S Tomeny, Tammy D Barry
BACKGROUND: The behavioral and emotional functioning of typically-developing (TD) siblings of youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been frequently assessed in the literature; however, these assessments typically include only one informant, rarely considering differences between parent and self-reports of sibling adjustment. AIMS: This study examined parent-youth reported informant discrepancies in behavioral and emotional functioning, including whether parent and youth reports yielded the same conclusions regarding TD sibling risk status...
July 22, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
keyword
keyword
80493
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"