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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429605/parent-perspectives-on-home-participation-of-high-functioning-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-compared-with-a-matched-group-of-children-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Snæfrídur T Egilson, Gunnhildur Jakobsdóttir, Linda B Ólafsdóttir
Few studies have focused on home participation of high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorder. We employed a mixed-methods design to explore and compare parent perspectives on (1) participation of children with and without autism spectrum disorder in activities at home, (2) the environmental features and resources that affect these children's home participation and (3) the strategies parents use to help their children participate at home. The Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY) was used to gather online survey and qualitative data from parents of 99 high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorder and 241 children without autism spectrum disorder...
April 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426832/a-systematic-review-of-pragmatic-language-interventions-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Lauren Parsons, Reinie Cordier, Natalie Munro, Annette Joosten, Renée Speyer
There is a need for evidence based interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to limit the life-long, psychosocial impact of pragmatic language impairments. This systematic review identified 22 studies reporting on 20 pragmatic language interventions for children with ASD aged 0-18 years. The characteristics of each study, components of the interventions, and the methodological quality of each study were reviewed. Meta-analysis was conducted to assess the effectiveness of 15 interventions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425373/calm-child-programme
#3
Ereny Gobrial, Raghu Raghavan
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disabilities (IDs) are more vulnerable to experiencing anxiety disorders. Parental involvement in intervention is crucial for successful management of the interventions in the population of people with ASDs. This article describes the design and evaluation of parenting programme for anxiety disorders in children and young people with ASD and ID. In phase 1 semi-structured interviews were conducted to explore management strategies for anxiety at home and in school settings...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419496/emotionally-focused-couple-therapy-for-parents-raising-a-child-with-an-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-pilot-study
#4
Nicholas A Lee, James L Furrow, Brent A Bradley
Many couples raising children diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are often resilient in confronting unique parental demands, while others experience greater risk for relational distress. Research has shown that Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy (EFT) is efficacious with couples raising chronically ill children and relevant to the relational demands of parents of children diagnosed with an ASD. This pilot study tested the effectiveness of EFT with seven couples presenting with moderate to severe distress, who were also parents of a child diagnosed with an ASD...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418529/anxiety-in-11-year-old-children-who-stutter-findings-from-a-prospective-longitudinal-community-sample
#5
Kylie A Smith, Lisa Iverach, Susan O'Brian, Fiona Mensah, Elaina Kefalianos, Anna Hearne, Sheena Reilly
Purpose: To examine if a community sample of 11-year-old children with persistent stuttering have higher anxiety than children who have recovered from stuttering and nonstuttering controls. Method: Participants in a community cohort study were categorized into 3 groups: (a) those with persistent stuttering, (b) those with recovered stuttering, and (c) nonstuttering controls. Linear regression modeling compared outcomes on measures of child anxiety and emotional and behavioral functioning for the 3 groups...
April 16, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418480/association-between-serotonergic-antidepressant-use-during-pregnancy-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-children
#6
Hilary K Brown, Joel G Ray, Andrew S Wilton, Yona Lunsky, Tara Gomes, Simone N Vigod
Importance: Previous observations of a higher risk of child autism spectrum disorder with serotonergic antidepressant exposure during pregnancy may have been confounded. Objective: To evaluate the association between serotonergic antidepressant exposure during pregnancy and child autism spectrum disorder. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study. Health administrative data sets were used to study children born to mothers who were receiving public prescription drug coverage during pregnancy in Ontario, Canada, from 2002-2010, reflecting 4...
April 18, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413935/predictive-validity-of-the-k-sads-pl-2009-version-in-school-aged-and-adolescent-outpatients
#7
Håkan Jarbin, Markus Andersson, Maria Råstam, Tord Ivarsson
BACKGROUND: The schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children (K-SADS) is one of the most commonly used standardized diagnostic interviews in child and adolescent psychiatry. Validity studies are scarce, and limited to concurrent validity with other measures and clinical diagnoses. AIMS: To evaluate the K-SADS interview in an outpatient child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) setting with a Longitudinal Expert All Data (LEAD) procedure...
May 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413441/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-among-ugandan-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Joan Wamulugwa, Angelina Kakooza, Sabrina Bakeera Kitaka, Joyce Nalugya, Mark Kaddumukasa, Shirley Moore, Martha Sajatovic, Elly Katabira
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder among the children. The burden of ADHD or its associated factors in Uganda are not known. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and the associated factors of ADHD among children attending the neurology and psychiatry clinics at Mulago National Referral Hospital. METHODS: Using the disruptive behavior scale (45 items), we investigated the presence of ADHD symptoms among children attending Mulago Hospital...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413209/duplication-17p11-2-potocki-lupski-syndrome-in-a-child-with-developmental-delay
#9
S Shuib, N N Saaid, Z Zakaria, J Ismail, Z Abdul Latiff
Potocki-Lupski syndrome (PTLS), also known as duplication 17p11.2 syndrome, trisomy 17p11.2 or dup(17)(p11.2p11.2) syndrome, is a developmental disorder and a rare contiguous gene syndrome affecting 1 in 20,000 live births. Among the key features of such patients are autism spectrum disorder, learning disabilities, developmental delay, attention-deficit disorder, infantile hypotonia and cardiovascular abnormalities. Previous studies using microarray identified variations in the size and extent of the duplicated region of chromosome 17p11...
April 2017: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410256/parent-reported-severity-and-health-educational-services-use-among-us-children-with-autism-results-from-a-national-survey
#10
Katharine E Zuckerman, Nora D B Friedman, Alison E Chavez, Amy M Shui, Karen A Kuhlthau
OBJECTIVE: Little national data exist regarding service use patterns for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) of varying severity. This study aimed to assess the relationship between parent-reported severity and use of educational and health care services. METHODS: Data from the 2011 Survey of Pathways to Diagnosis and Services were used to examine a nationally representative sample of 1420 US children aged 6 to 17 years with ASD, with or without developmental delay and intellectual disability...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407444/familial-18q12-2-deletion-supports-the-role-of-rna-binding-protein-celf4-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#11
Rita Barone, Marco Fichera, Mariaclara De Grandi, Marta Battaglia, Valeria Lo Faro, Teresa Mattina, Renata Rizzo
Deletion of 18q12.2 is an increasingly recognized condition with a distinct neuropsychiatric phenotype. Twenty-two patients have been described with overlapping neurobehavioral disturbances including developmental delay, intellectual disability of variable degree, seizures, motor coordination disorder, behavioral/emotional disturbances, and autism spectrum disorders. The CUGBP Elav-like family member 4 (CELF4) gene at 18q12.2 encodes a RNA-binding protein that links to RNA subsets involved in pre- and postsynaptic neurotransmission including almost 30% of potential autism-related genes...
April 13, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401674/placebo-like-response-in-absence-of-treatment-in-children-with-autism
#12
Rebecca M Jones, Caroline Carberry, Amarelle Hamo, Catherine Lord
Caregiver report is the most common measure of change in pediatric psychiatry. Yet, placebo response rates pose significant challenges to reliably detect a treatment response. The present study simulated an eight-week clinical trial protocol for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) for the purpose of testing the feasibility and validity of several outcome measures. Twenty caregivers answered questions about their child's behavior on their smartphone each week and completed a battery of paper questionnaires during weeks one and eight...
April 12, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398695/social-disadvantage-and-developmental-diagnosis-in-pre-schoolers
#13
Norma Kayrouz, Susan L Milne, Jenny L McDonald
AIM: To explore the association between social disadvantage and developmental diagnoses in pre-school children. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015, 845 pre-school children were assessed by the Child Assessment Team at Campbelltown Hospital. A social worker interviewed 469 families and these children were eligible for inclusion in the study. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was confirmed in 290 children. Of those without ASD, 72 did not have global developmental delay (GDD) and were excluded from the study...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394438/stimulus-processing-and-error-monitoring-in-more-able-kindergarteners-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-a-short-review-and-a-preliminary-erp-study
#14
So Hyun Kim, Jennie Grammer, Nurit Benrey, Frederick Morrison, Catherine Lord
Deficits in executive functions (EF) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been identified. However, there is limited evidence about patterns of deficits in EF-related skills, especially at the neurobiological level, in young children with ASD and little is known about how these skills are related to other domains of functioning and symptom severity. In this study, we provide a focused review of EF-related Event-Related Potentials (ERP) studies in children with ASD, accompanied by preliminary data for neurophysiological correlates of EF on a child-friendly Go/No-go task...
April 10, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393350/randomised-trial-of-a-parent-mediated-intervention-for-infants-at-high-risk-for-autism-longitudinal-outcomes-to-age-3%C3%A2-years
#15
J Green, A Pickles, G Pasco, R Bedford, M W Wan, M Elsabbagh, V Slonims, T Gliga, E J H Jones, C H M Cheung, T Charman, M H Johnson
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in the potential for pre-emptive interventions in the prodrome of autism, but little investigation as to their effect. METHODS: A two-site, two-arm assessor-blinded randomised controlled trial (RCT) of a 12-session parent-mediated social communication intervention delivered between 9 and 14 months of age (Intervention in the British Autism Study of Infant Siblings-Video Interaction for Promoting Positive Parenting), against no intervention...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392908/shared-genetic-influences-between-dimensional-asd-and-adhd-symptoms-during-child-and-adolescent-development
#16
Evie Stergiakouli, George Davey Smith, Joanna Martin, David H Skuse, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Susan M Ring, Angelica Ronald, David E Evans, Simon E Fisher, Anita Thapar, Beate St Pourcain
BACKGROUND: Shared genetic influences between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms have been reported. Cross-trait genetic relationships are, however, subject to dynamic changes during development. We investigated the continuity of genetic overlap between ASD and ADHD symptoms in a general population sample during childhood and adolescence. We also studied uni- and cross-dimensional trait-disorder links with respect to genetic ADHD and ASD risk...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392227/assessing-mental-health-in-boys-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-emotional-behavioural-and-neurodevelopmental-profile-in-an-italian-clinical-sample
#17
Paola Colombo, Maria Nobile, Alessandra Tesei, Federica Civati, Sandra Gandossini, Elisa Mani, Massimo Molteni, Nereo Bresolin, Grazia D'Angelo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate through a comprehensive protocol, the psychopathological profile of DMD boys. The primary aim of this observational study was to describe the emotional and behavioural profile and the neurodevelopmental problems of Italian boys with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD); the secondary aim was to explore the relation between psychopathological profile and DMD genotype. METHOD: 47 DMD boys, aged 2-18, were included in the study and assessed through structured and validated tools including Wechsler scales or Griffiths for cognitive ability, Child Behavior Check List (CBCL), Youth Self Report (YSR) and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) for emotional and behavioural features...
March 24, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387533/the-impact-of-childhood-autism-spectrum-disorder-on-parent-s-labour-force-participation-can-parents-be-expected-to-be-able-to-re-join-the-labour-force
#18
Emily J Callander, Daniel B Lindsay
Parental employment is a significant factor in ensuring financial ability to access care for children with autism spectrum disorder. This article aimed to identify the influence of autism spectrum disorder on parental employment and whether childcare access may effect labour force participation using the Longitudinal Survey of Australian Children, with 12 years of follow-up data (2004-2015). Parental employment when the child was aged between 0 and 11 years was assessed. A significantly larger percentage of parents whose children had autism spectrum disorder were not in the labour force when their child was aged between 2-3 and 10-11 years...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387140/reflections-of-malaysian-parents-of-children-with-developmental-disabilities-on-their-experiences-with-aac
#19
Susheel Joginder Singh, Nur Hazirah Hussein, Rahayu Mustaffa Kamal, Fatimah Hani Hassan
Parents play an important role in the successful implementation of AAC. Previous research has indicated that parents in different countries have varying perceptions about the use of AAC and face different challenges in its implementation. To date, there is limited information about the use of AAC by children in Malaysia or parents' views about its use. The aim of this study was to explore Malaysian parents' perception of AAC and their experience when supporting their children who use AAC. For this study, 12 parents of children with autism spectrum disorder and cerebral palsy were involved in semi-structured individual interviews...
April 7, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383189/maternal-hirsutism-and-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-offspring
#20
Brian K Lee, Stefan Arver, Linnea Widman, Renee M Gardner, Cecilia Magnusson, Christina Dalman, Kyriaki Kosidou
Because animal and human studies indicate that androgen exposure can influence neurodevelopment, it has been hypothesized that prenatal exposure to excess androgens may predispose to disorders with male-skewed ratio such as autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Therefore, maternal conditions characterized by hyperandrogenism such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or hirsutism may be relevant to child ASD. We previously found in a large Swedish case-control study of 23,748 ASD cases and 208,796 matched controls that PCOS in mothers is associated with increased offspring risk of ASD...
April 6, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
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