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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906508/co2-capture-with-ionic-liquids-ils-and-deep-eutectic-solvents-dess-a-new-generation-of-sorbents
#1
Shokat Sarmad, Jyri-Pekka Mikkola, Xiaoyan Ji
High cost and high energy penalty for carbon dioxide (CO2) uptake from flue gases are important obstacles in large-scale industrial applications, and developing efficient technology for CO2 capture from technic and economic points is crucial. Ionic liquids (ILs) show the potential for CO2 separation due to their inherent advantages and have been proposed as alternatives in order to overcome the drawbacks of conventional sorbents. Chemical modification of ILs to improve their performance in CO2 absorption has received more attention...
December 1, 2016: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903766/sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy-measures-to-reduce-risk
#2
REVIEW
Brendan Mclean, Rohit Shankar, Jane Hanna, Caryn Jory, Craig Newman
This review looks at the strategies that may help to reduce the risk of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy beyond that of trying to achieve seizure cessation, which is not possible for up to 30% of patients with epilepsy. These strategies include seizure safety checklists, mobile phone technology, telehealth and various devices currently available or in development. We highlight interventions where there is evidence of benefit, and draw attention for the need both to involve patients with epilepsy in risk reduction and to improve communication with those at risk...
November 30, 2016: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900237/design-of-a-tdoa-location-engine-and-development-of-a-location-system-based-on-chirp-spread-spectrum
#3
Rui-Rong Wang, Xiao-Qing Yu, Shu-Wang Zheng, Yang Ye
Location based services (LBS) provided by wireless sensor networks have garnered a great deal of attention from researchers and developers in recent years. Chirp spread spectrum (CSS) signaling formatting with time difference of arrival (TDOA) ranging technology is an effective LBS technique in regards to positioning accuracy, cost, and power consumption. The design and implementation of the location engine and location management based on TDOA location algorithms were the focus of this study; as the core of the system, the location engine was designed as a series of location algorithms and smoothing algorithms...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899141/relationship-between-surgeon-volume-and-outcomes-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#4
Johannes Morche, Tim Mathes, Dawid Pieper
BACKGROUND: The surgeon volume-outcome relationship has been discussed for many years and its existence or nonexistence is of importance for various reasons. A lot of empirical work has been published on it. We aimed to summarize systematic reviews in order to present current evidence. METHODS: Medline, Embase, Cochrane database of systematic reviews (CDSR), and health technology assessment websites were searched up to October 2015 for systematic reviews on the surgeon volume-outcome relationship...
November 29, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898806/genome-wide-association-study-for-nine-plant-architecture-traits-in-sorghum
#5
Jing Zhao, Maria B Mantilla Perez, Jieyun Hu, Maria G Salas Fernandez
Sorghum [ (L) Moench], an important grain and forage crop, is receiving significant attention as a lignocellulosic feedstock because of its water-use efficiency and high biomass yield potential. Because of the advancement of genotyping and sequencing technologies, genome-wide association study (GWAS) has become a routinely used method to investigate the genetic mechanisms underlying natural phenotypic variation. In this study, we performed a GWAS for nine grain and biomass-related plant architecture traits to determine their overall genetic architecture and the specific association of allelic variants in gibberellin (GA) biosynthesis and signaling genes with these phenotypes...
July 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898511/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-cancer-related-cognitive-dysfunction
#6
Shelly Kucherer, Robert J Ferguson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide the reader with an overview of the cognitive-behavioral conceptualization of cancer-related cognitive dysfunction (CRCD) and how cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can play an important role in treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent findings show that Memory and Attention Adaptation Training (MAAT), a CBT developed to help cancer survivors develop adaptive skills to improve daily cognitive performance and emotional coping, may be an efficacious treatment of CRCD and can be delivered through videoconference technology to improve survivor access to care...
November 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895563/the-attentional-dependence-of-emotion-cognition-is-variable-with-the-competing-task
#7
Cheng Chen, Kaibin Jin, Yehua Li, Hongmei Yan
The relationship between emotion and attention has fascinated researchers for decades. Many previous studies have used eye-tracking, ERP, MEG, and fMRI to explore this issue but have reached different conclusions: some researchers hold that emotion cognition is an automatic process and independent of attention, while some others believed that emotion cognition is modulated by attentional resources and is a type of controlled processing. The present research aimed to investigate this controversy, and we hypothesized that the attentional dependence of emotion cognition is variable with the competing task...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894358/attentional-and-affective-consequences-of-technology-supported-mindfulness-training-a-randomised-active-control-efficacy-trial
#8
Sheffy Bhayee, Patricia Tomaszewski, Daniel H Lee, Graeme Moffat, Lou Pino, Sylvain Moreno, Norman A S Farb
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness training (MT) programs represent an approach to attention training with well-validated mental health benefits. However, research supporting MT efficacy is based predominantly on weekly-meeting, facilitator-led, group-intervention formats. It is unknown whether participants might benefit from neurofeedback-assisted, technology-supported MT (N-tsMT), in which meditation is delivered individually, without the need for a facilitator, travel to a training site, or the presence of a supportive group environment...
November 29, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893572/pain-management-in-pediatric-burn-patients-review-of-recent-literature-and-future-directions
#9
Omar Pardesi, Gennadiy Fuzaylov
Childhood burns are a profoundly traumatic and painful experience. Despite recognition of the prevalence of burn injuries in children and the severity of the associated pain, burn pain remains undertreated. At the same time, more evidence is emerging to suggest that undertreated pain has serious long-term medical and psychiatric consequences, many of which can be ameliorated with improved pain control. Pain in burn patients is, however, notoriously difficult to treat, perhaps because there is a chronic pain aspect underlying the acute pain that accompanies wound care and procedures...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891083/toward-a-p300-based-brain-computer-interface-for-aphasia-rehabilitation-after-stroke-presentation-of-theoretical-considerations-and-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#10
Sonja C Kleih, Lea Gottschalt, Eva Teichlein, Franz X Weilbach
People with post-stroke motor aphasia know what they would like to say but cannot express it through motor pathways due to disruption of cortical circuits. We present a theoretical background for our hypothesized connection between attention and aphasia rehabilitation and suggest why in this context, Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) use might be beneficial for patients diagnosed with aphasia. Not only could BCI technology provide a communication tool, it might support neuronal plasticity by activating language circuits and thereby boost aphasia recovery...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890898/therapeutic-oligonucleotides-and-delivery-technologies-research-topics-in-japan
#11
Masahiro Murakami
Oligonucleotides have been gaining considerable attention as promising and effective candidate therapeutics against various diseases. This special issue is aimed at providing a better understanding of the recent progress in the development of oligonucleotide-based therapeutics to encourage further research and innovation in this field to achieve these advancements. Several Japanese scientists have been invited to contribute to this issue by describing their recent findings, overviews, insights, or commentaries on rational designing of therapeutic oligonucleotide molecules and their novel delivery technologies, especially nanocarrier systems...
2016: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890653/recent-advances-in-lithotripsy-technology-and-treatment-strategies-a-systematic-review-update
#12
H E Elmansy, J E Lingeman
INTRODUCTION: Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) is a well - established treatment option for urolithiasis. The technology of SWL has undergone significant changes in an attempt to better optimize the results while reducing failure rates. There are some important limitations that restrict the use of SWL. In this review, we aim to place these advantages and limitations in perspective, assess the current role of SWL, and discuss recent advances in lithotripsy technology and treatment strategies...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889223/laparoscopic-pyeloplasty-initial-experience-with-3d-vision-laparoscopy-and-articulating-shears
#13
Hiba Abou-Haidar, Talal Al-Qaoud, Roman Jednak, Alex Brzezinski, Mohamed El-Sherbiny, John-Paul Capolicchio
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic reconstructive surgery is associated with a steep learning curve related to the use of two-dimensional (2D) vision and rigid instruments. With the advent of robotic surgery, three-dimensional (3D) vision, and articulated instruments, this learning curve has been facilitated. We present a hybrid alternative to robotic surgery, using laparoscopy with 3D vision and articulated shears. OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes of children undergoing pyeloplasty using 3D laparoscopy with articulated instruments with those undergoing the same surgery using standard laparoscopy with 2D vision and rigid instruments...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889115/new-psychoactive-substances-are-there-any-good-options-for-regulating-new-psychoactive-substances
#14
Peter Reuter, Bryce Pardo
Advances in chemistry, technology, and globalization have contributed to the rapid development and diffusion of NPS (new psychoactive substances), creating perhaps the most serious challenge to the century-old international drug control system and to national systems. Very little is known about the effects of these substances which fall outside of national and international controls. The predominant response to the flood of NPS has been the development of more expeditious methods of prohibiting a new chemical entity...
November 23, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888356/intestinal-stem-cell-transplantation
#15
REVIEW
Tetsuya Nakamura, Mamoru Watanabe
Organoid technologies to expand intestinal epithelial cells are gaining increasing attention as a useful tool to investigate many aspects of intestinal epithelial biology and pathology. One important application of organoid systems would be to use intestinal epithelial cells expanded in culture for following transplantation experiments. In this article, we present a brief overview of the studies that have succeeded in generating new epithelial tissues in the surface of native intestines in mice by organoid transplantation...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885283/induced-protein-degradation-an-emerging-drug-discovery-paradigm
#16
Ashton C Lai, Craig M Crews
Small-molecule drug discovery has traditionally focused on occupancy of a binding site that directly affects protein function, and this approach typically precludes targeting proteins that lack such amenable sites. Furthermore, high systemic drug exposures may be needed to maintain sufficient target inhibition in vivo, increasing the risk of undesirable off-target effects. Induced protein degradation is an alternative approach that is event-driven: upon drug binding, the target protein is tagged for elimination...
November 25, 2016: Nature Reviews. Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885165/neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-breast-cancers
#17
REVIEW
Shahla Masood
With advances in science and technology, there are more innovations in the approach to management of patients with breast cancer. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy that is designed to be used prior to surgical removal of a tumor has received significant attention. Currently, neoadjuvant chemotherapy is offered to patients with locally advanced breast cancer and also those breast cancer patients who may benefit from size reduction before conservation therapy. There is now sufficient evidence that if neoadjuvant chemotherapy leads to complete pathologic response, the patient will enjoy a better outcome...
September 2016: Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883941/smallholder-farmers-behavioural-intentions-towards-sustainable-agricultural-practices
#18
Woldegebrial Zeweld, Guido Van Huylenbroeck, Girmay Tesfay, Stijn Speelman
The introduction of sustainable practices is considered a win-win strategy for low-income countries because of its potential to simultaneously improve food security and address environmental issues. Despite the numerous studies that focus on the adoption of technological innovations, little work has been done on the socio-psychological behaviour of farmers with regard to sustainable practices. This study investigates smallholder farmers' intentions towards two practices: minimum tillage and row planting. The decomposed theory of planned behaviour is used as a theoretical framework to analyse the intentions...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883092/spatial-mapping-of-lichen-specialized-metabolites-using-ldi-msi-chemical-ecology-issues-for-ophioparma-ventosa
#19
Pierre Le Pogam, Béatrice Legouin, Audrey Geairon, Hélène Rogniaux, Françoise Lohézic-Le Dévéhat, Walter Obermayer, Joël Boustie, Anne-Cécile Le Lamer
Imaging mass spectrometry techniques have become a powerful strategy to assess the spatial distribution of metabolites in biological systems. Based on auto-ionisability of lichen metabolites using LDI-MS, we herein image the distribution of major secondary metabolites (specialized metabolites) from the lichen Ophioparma ventosa by LDI-MSI (Mass Spectrometry Imaging). Such technologies offer tremendous opportunities to discuss the role of natural products through spatial mapping, their distribution patterns being consistent with previous chemical ecology reports...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878565/challenges-and-prospect-of-non-aqueous-non-alkali-nana-metal-air-batteries
#20
REVIEW
Danny Gelman, Boris Shvartsev, Yair Ein-Eli
Non-aqueous non-alkali (NANA) metal-air battery technologies promise to provide electrochemical energy storage with the highest specific energy density. Metal-air battery technology is particularly advantageous being implemented in long-range electric vehicles. Up to now, almost all the efforts in the field are focused on Li-air cells, but other NANA metal-air battery technologies emerge. The major concern, which the research community should be dealing with, is the limited and rather poor rechargeability of these systems...
December 2016: Topics in Current Chemistry (Journal)
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