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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635868/-the-modern-possibilities-for-the-application-of-photogrammetry-in-forensic-medical-traumatology
#1
V A Fetisov, I Yu Makarov, A A Gusarov, A S Lorents, S A Smirenin, V B Stragis
The authors discuss the modern possibilities and prospects for the application of photogrammetry (FM) in forensic medical traumatology based on the results of the analysis of the many-year experience reported in the foreign periodicals with special reference to road traffic injuries, gunshot wounds, and animals' bites. The examples of objective difficulties and promising prospects for the further application of the FM techniques in the practical work of forensic medical experts and medical criminalists are considered with reference to the use of various FM-based methods and equipment including 3D laser scanners, chambers, stereoscopic mounting attachments, etc...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635528/clinical-social-and-ethical-issues-associated-with-non-invasive-prenatal-testing-for-aneuploidy
#2
Blanche Griffin, Samantha Edwards, Lyn S Chitty, Celine Lewis
Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), based on analysis of cell-free foetal DNA, is rapidly becoming a preferred method to screen for chromosomal aneuploidy with the technology now available in over 90 countries. This review provides an up-to-date discussion of the key clinical, social and ethical implications associated with this revolutionary technology. Stakeholders are positive about a test that is highly accurate, safe, can be perfomed early in pregnancy, identifies affected pregnancies that might otherwise have been missed and reduces the need for invasive testing...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634467/brain-network-activation-technology-does-not-assist-with-concussion-diagnosis-and-return-to-play-in-football-athletes
#3
Steven P Broglio, Richelle Williams, Andrew Lapointe, Ashley Rettmann, Brandon Moore, Sean K Meehan, James T Eckner
BACKGROUND: Concussion diagnosis and management remains a largely subjective process. This investigation sought to evaluate the utility of a novel neuroelectric measure for concussion diagnosis and return to play decision-making. HYPOTHESIS: Brain Network Activation (BNA) scores obtained within 72-h of injury will be lower than the athlete's preseason evaluation and that of a matched control athlete; and the BNA will demonstrate ongoing declines at the return to play and post-season time points, while standard measures will have returned to pre-injury and control athlete levels...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633857/state-of-the-art-on-ultrasonic-oil-production-technique-for-eor-in-china
#4
Zhenjun Wang, Congbo Yin
Ultrasonic oil production technique for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) attracts more attention due to its high adaptability, simple operation, low cost and zero pollution to the oil reservoir. In this paper, recent new downhole tools used for enhanced oil recovery developed in China are summarized. Furthermore, research advance on some key problems that affect the widespread application of ultrasonic oil production technique in China are also summarized in view of what are the primary factors that influence crude oil paraffin inhibition and viscosity reduction, whether ultrasonic excitation is better than chemical agent for any plugs removal and whether ultrasound-chemical combination plug removal technology has the best plugs removal effect...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633418/detecting-and-removing-multiplicative-spatial-bias-in-high-throughput-screening-technologies
#5
Iurie Caraus, Bogdan Mazoure, Robert Nadon, Vladimir Makarenkov
Motivation: Considerable attention has been paid recently to improve data quality in high-throughput screening (HTS) and high-content screening (HCS) technologies widely used in drug development and chemical toxicity research. However, several environmentally- and procedurally-induced spatial biases in these screens decrease measurement accuracy, leading to increased numbers of false positives and false negatives in hit selection. Although effective bias correction methods and software have been developed over the past decades, almost all of these tools have been designed to reduce the effect of additive bias only...
June 15, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631849/experiences-of-closed-loop-insulin-delivery-among-pregnant-women-with-type-1-diabetes
#6
C Farrington, Z A Stewart, K Barnard, R Hovorka, H R Murphy
AIMS: To explore the experiences of pregnant women with Type 1 diabetes, and the relationships between perceptions of glucose control, attitudes to technology and glycaemic responses with regard to closed-loop insulin delivery. METHODS: We recruited 16 pregnant women with Type 1 diabetes [mean ± sd age 34.1 ± 4.6 years, duration of diabetes 23.6 ± 7.2 years, baseline HbA1c 51±5 mmol/mol (6.8 ± 0.6%)] to a randomized crossover trial of sensor-augmented pump therapy vs automated closed-loop therapy...
June 20, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631724/microscopic-origins-of-the-large-piezoelectricity-of-leadfree-ba-ca-zr-ti-o3
#7
Yousra Nahas, Alireza Akbarzadeh, Sergei Prokhorenko, Sergey Prosandeev, Raymond Walter, Igor Kornev, Jorge Íñiguez, L Bellaiche
In light of directives around the world to eliminate toxic materials in various technologies, finding lead-free materials with high piezoelectric responses constitutes an important current scientific goal. As such, the recent discovery of a large electromechanical conversion near room temperature in (1-x)Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3-x(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 compounds has directed attention to understanding its origin. Here, we report the development of a large-scale atomistic scheme providing a microscopic insight into this technologically promising material...
June 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630450/concurrent-talking-in-immersive-virtual-reality-on-the-dominance-of-visual-speech-cues
#8
Mar Gonzalez-Franco, Antonella Maselli, Dinei Florencio, Nikolai Smolyanskiy, Zhengyou Zhang
Humans are good at selectively listening to specific target conversations, even in the presence of multiple concurrent speakers. In our research, we study how auditory-visual cues modulate this selective listening. We do so by using immersive Virtual Reality technologies with spatialized audio. Exposing 32 participants to an Information Masking Task with concurrent speakers, we find significantly more errors in the decision-making processes triggered by asynchronous audiovisual speech cues. More precisely, the results show that lips on the Target speaker matched to a secondary (Mask) speaker's audio severely increase the participants' comprehension error rates...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629097/emerging-bone-tissue-engineering-via-polyhydroxyalkanoate-pha-based-scaffolds
#9
REVIEW
Janice Lim, Mingliang You, Jian Li, Zibiao Li
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are a class of biodegradable polymers derived from microorganisms. On top of their biodegradability and biocompatibility, different PHA types can contribute to varying mechanical and chemical properties. This has led to increasing attention to the use of PHAs in numerous biomedical applications over the past few decades. Bone tissue engineering refers to the regeneration of new bone through providing mechanical support while inducing cell growth on the PHA scaffolds having a porous structure for tissue regeneration...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626258/formative-research-for-the-nationwide-promotion-of-a-multidisciplinary-community-based-educational-program-on-end-of-life-care
#10
Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Chifa Chiang, Esayas Haregot Hilawe, Hideaki Andoh, Kazumasa Uemura, Atsuko Aoyama
Although one of the most important missions of end-of-life education is to ensure proper inter-professional education (IPE), in Japan, end-of-life care IPE has not been given enough attention especially in community settings. This study aims at developing an effective workshop facilitator training program on end-of-life care IPE and acquiring the know-how to set up and efficiently run administrative offices. We first developed a tentative facilitation training program and conducted it in five cities nationwide...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625022/ethical-moral-and-theological-insights-into-advances-in-male-pediatric-and-adolescent-fertility-preservation
#11
REVIEW
J J Ramstein, J Halpern, A J Gadzinski, R E Brannigan, J F Smith
The successful treatment of boys with cancer has led to increasing attention to preserving their quality of life after completing cancer therapy. One of the top priorities for living a full life is keeping open the opportunity to have children. While sperm banking for males facing sterilizing cancer treatment can be effective, this approach requires subsequent use of reproductive procedures such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intrauterine insemination (IUI) to achieve a pregnancy. Advances in fertility preservation techniques may allow pre-pubertal boys to conceive using advanced stem cell technologies and stem cell transplantation in the future...
June 18, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624941/does-static-electric-field-from-ultra-high-voltage-direct-current-transmission-lines-affect-male-reproductive-capacity-evidence-from-a-laboratory-study-on-male-mice
#12
Sixia Wu, Guoqing Di, Zhengguang Li
With the development of ultra-high-voltage direct-current (UHVDC) transmission technology and increase in transmission voltage, the issue of environmental static electric field (SEF) pollution is standing out and its possible health effects have caused much public attention. In this study, the effects of chronic exposure to SEF on reproductive capacity of male mice were investigated. Twenty Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice were exposed to SEF (56.3 ± 1.4 kV/m, 49 days) generated by a high-voltage device...
June 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623021/improving-the-circular-economy-via-hydrothermal-processing-of-high-density-waste-plastics
#13
Thomas Helmer Pedersen, Federica Conti
Rising environmental concerns on climate changes are causing an increasing attention on circular economies. The plastic economy, in particular, is in focus due to the accelerating consumption of plastics, mainly derived from virgin feedstock, combined with the lack of plastic recycling strategies. This work presents a novel outlook on the potential of using supercritical hydrothermal processing of waste plastic fractions for tertiary recycling. The study investigates hydrothermal processing of nine different, high-density types of plastics into original resin monomers and other value-added chemical compounds...
June 13, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622722/carbon-nanofibers-functionalized-with-active-screen-plasma-deposited-metal-nanoparticles-for-electrical-energy-storage-devices
#14
Santiago Corujeira-Gallo, Xiaoying Li, Klaus Fütterer, Constantinos A Charitidis, Hanshan Dong
Supercapacitors are energy storage devices with higher energy densities than conventional capacitors, but lower than batteries or fuel cells. There is a strong interest in increasing the volumetric and gravimetric capacitance of these devices to meet the growing demands of the electrical and electronic sectors. The capacitance depends largely on the electrode material, and carbon nanofibers (CNFs) have attracted much attention because of their relatively low cost, large surface area, good electrical conductivity as well as chemical and thermal stability...
June 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622659/understanding-and-exploiting-plant-beneficial-microbes
#15
REVIEW
Omri M Finkel, Gabriel Castrillo, Sur Herrera Paredes, Isai Salas González, Jeffery L Dangl
After a century of incremental research, technological advances, coupled with a need for sustainable crop yield increases, have reinvigorated the study of beneficial plant-microbe interactions with attention focused on how microbiomes alter plant phenotypes. We review recent advances in plant microbiome research, and describe potential applications for increasing crop productivity. The phylogenetic diversity of plant microbiomes is increasingly well characterized, and their functional diversity is becoming more accessible...
June 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621958/-biomedical-perspective-of-the-surrogate-motherhood
#16
Nicolás Jouve de la Barreda
The subrogated motherhood takes place when an embryo created by in vitro fertilization (IVF) technology is implanted in a surrogate, sometimes called a gestational mother, by means a contract with her. It can imply to natural families (woman and man) with or without infertility problems, or to monoparental or biparental families of the same sex. Concerning the origin of the gametes used in the IVF emerges different implications on the genetic relationship of the resulting child with the surrogate and the future parents...
May 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621512/endovascular-redo-aortic-surgery
#17
Jacob Budtz-Lilly, Kiattisak Hongku, Björn Sonesson, Nuno Dias, Tim Resch
Endovascular redo aortic operations are a challenging undertaking. Techniques for treatment date almost as far back as the original open repair itself. Risk factors for failure following aortic repair include larger AAA necks, severe neck angulation, as well as clinical variables such as age, family history, obesity and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The armamentarium of endovascular treatments is vast and increasing. Aside from provisional embolization of endoleaks or deferment to open repair conversion, attention should be directed toward obtaining adequate proximal and distal sealing...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619774/protocol-for-a-multicentre-multistage-prospective-study-in-china-using-system-based-approaches-for-consistent-improvement-in-surgical-safety
#18
Xiaochu Yu, Jingmei Jiang, Changwei Liu, Keng Shen, Zixing Wang, Wei Han, Xingrong Liu, Guole Lin, Ye Zhang, Ying Zhang, Yufen Ma, Haixin Bo, Yupei Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Surgical safety has emerged as a crucial global health issue in the past two decades. Although several safety-enhancing tools are available, the pace of large-scale improvement remains slow, especially in developing countries such as China. The present project (Modern Surgery and Anesthesia Safety Management System Construction and Promotion) aims to develop and validate system-based integrated approaches for reducing perioperative deaths and complications using a multicentre, multistage design...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618719/a-short-progress-report-on-high-efficiency-perovskite-solar-cells
#19
REVIEW
He Tang, Shengsheng He, Chuangwei Peng
Faced with the increasingly serious energy and environmental crisis in the world nowadays, the development of renewable energy has attracted increasingly more attention of all countries. Solar energy as an abundant and cheap energy is one of the most promising renewable energy sources. While high-performance solar cells have been well developed in the last couple of decades, the high module cost largely hinders wide deployment of photovoltaic devices. In the last 10 years, this urgent demand for cost-effective solar cells greatly facilitates the research of solar cells...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618179/critical-evaluation-of-native-electrospray-ionization-mass-spectrometry-for-fragment-based-screening
#20
Melanie Göth, Volker Badock, Jörg Weiske, Kevin Pagel, Benno Kuropka
Fragment-based screening presents a promising alternative to high-throughput screening and has gained great attention over the last years. So far, only a few studies discuss mass spectrometry as a screening technology for fragments. Here, we applied native electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) for screening defined sets of fragments against four different target proteins. Fragments were selected from a primary screen conducted by thermal shift assay (TSA) and represent different binding categories...
June 15, 2017: ChemMedChem
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