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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904612/a-systematic-review-on-diagnostic-procedures-for-specific-language-impairment-the-sensitivity-and-specificity-issues
#1
REVIEW
Toktam Maleki Shahmahmood, Shohreh Jalaie, Zahra Soleymani, Fatemeh Haresabadi, Parvin Nemati
BACKGROUND: Identification of children with specific language impairment (SLI) has been viewed as both necessity and challenge. Investigators and clinicians use different tests and measures for this purpose. Some of these tests/measures have good psychometric properties, but it is not sufficient for diagnostic purposes. A diagnostic procedure can be used for identification a specific population with confidence only when its sensitivity and specificity are acceptable. In this study, we searched for tests/measures with predefined sensitivity and specificity for identification of preschool children with SLI from their typically developing peers...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884866/a-case-of-specific-language-impairment-in-a-deaf-signer-of-american-sign-language
#2
David Quinto-Pozos, Jenny L Singleton, Peter C Hauser
This article describes the case of a deaf native signer of American Sign Language (ASL) with a specific language impairment (SLI). School records documented normal cognitive development but atypical language development. Data include school records; interviews with the child, his mother, and school professionals; ASL and English evaluations; and a comprehensive neuropsychological and psychoeducational evaluation, and they span an approximate period of 7.5 years (11;10-19;6) including scores from school records (11;10-16;5) and a 3...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867370/theory-of-mind-deficits-and-social-emotional-functioning-in-preschoolers-with-specific-language-impairment
#3
REVIEW
Constance Vissers, Sophieke Koolen
Children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) often experience emotional and social difficulties. In general, problems in social emotional functioning can be cognitively explained in terms of Theory of Mind (ToM). In this mini-review, an overview is provided of studies on social-emotional functioning and ToM in preschoolers (average age from 2.3 to 6.2 years) with SLI. It is concluded that, similar to school-aged children with SLI, preschoolers with SLI have several social-emotional problems and that both cognitive and affective aspects of ToM are impaired in those children...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851795/health-related-quality-of-life-for-children-and-adolescents-with-specific-language-impairment-a-cohort-study-by-a-learning-disabilities-reference-center
#4
Gaëlle Hubert-Dibon, Marie Bru, Christèle Gras Le Guen, Elise Launay, Arnaud Roy
OBJECTIVES: To assess the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of children with specific language impairment (SLI). STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective sample at a Learning Disabilities Reference Center, proxy-rated HRQOL (KIDSCREEN-27) was assessed for children with SLI and unaffected children from January 1, 2014 to March 31, 2015. Quality of life predictors for children with SLI were evaluated by recording the length and number of speech therapy and psychotherapy sessions and the specific school organization that the children had participated in...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788275/processing-binding-relations-in-specific-language-impairment
#5
Richard G Schwartz, Arild Hestvik, Liat Seiger-Gardner, Diana Almodovar
Purpose: This sentence processing experiment examined the abilities of children with specific language impairment (SLI) and children with typical language development (TD) to establish relations between pronouns or reflexives and their antecedents in real time. Method: Twenty-two children with SLI and 24 age-matched children with TD (7;3-10;11 [years;months]) participated in a cross-modal picture priming experiment to determine whether they selectively activated the correct referent at the pronoun or reflexive in sentences...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701707/children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-their-families-a-future-view-of-nature-plus-nurture-and-new-technologies-for-comprehensive-language-intervention-strategies
#6
Mabel L Rice
Future perspectives on children with language impairments are framed from what is known about children with specific language impairment (SLI). A summary of the current state of services is followed by discussion of how these children can be overlooked and misunderstood and consideration of why it is so hard for some children to acquire language when it is effortless for most children. Genetic influences are highlighted, with the suggestion that nature plus nurture should be considered in present as well as future intervention approaches...
November 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701629/dose-schedule-and-enhanced-conversational-recast-treatment-for-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#7
Christina N Meyers-Denman, Elena Plante
Purpose: Dosage has been identified as an important element of treatment that may affect treatment efficacy. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of dose schedule for treatment of grammatical morphology deficits in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Method: Sixteen 4-to-5-year-old children with SLI participated in a 5-week intervention consisting of equivalent daily Enhanced Conversational Recast treatment (Plante et al., 2014) targeting grammatical morphology...
October 1, 2016: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668401/benefits-of-augmentative-signs-in-word-learning-evidence-from-children-who-are-deaf-hard-of-hearing-and-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#8
Lian van Berkel-van Hoof, Daan Hermans, Harry Knoors, Ludo Verhoeven
BACKGROUND: Augmentative signs may facilitate word learning in children with vocabulary difficulties, for example, children who are Deaf/Hard of Hearing (DHH) and children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI). Despite the fact that augmentative signs may aid second language learning in populations with a typical language development, empirical evidence in favor of this claim is lacking. AIMS: We aim to investigate whether augmentative signs facilitate word learning for DHH children, children with SLI, and typically developing (TD) children...
September 23, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668399/the-management-of-cohesion-in-written-narratives-in-students-with-specific-language-impairment-differences-between-childhood-and-adolescence
#9
Monik Favart, Anna Potocki, Lucie Broc, Pauline Quémart, Josie Bernicot, Thierry Olive
The goal of this study was to investigate the management of cohesion by children and adolescents with specific language impairment (SLI) when writing a narrative in a communicative situation. Twelve children with SLI (from 7 to 11 years old) and 12 adolescents with SLI (from 12 to 18 years old) were chronological age-matched with 24 typically developing (TD) children and 24 TD adolescents. All participants attended mainstream classes: children in elementary schools and adolescents in middle and high schools...
September 23, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643509/first-order-and-higher-order-sequence-learning-in-specific-language-impairment
#10
Gillian M Clark, Jarrad A G Lum
Objective: A core claim of the procedural deficit hypothesis of specific language impairment (SLI) is that the disorder is associated with poor implicit sequence learning. This study investigated whether implicit sequence learning problems in SLI are present for first-order conditional (FOC) and higher order conditional (HOC) sequences. Method: Twenty-five children with SLI and 27 age-matched, nonlanguage-impaired children completed 2 serial reaction time tasks. On 1 version, the sequence to be implicitly learnt comprised a FOC sequence and on the other a HOC sequence...
September 19, 2016: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636190/on-line-processing-and-comprehension-of-direct-object-pronoun-sentences-in-spanish-speaking-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#11
Dolors Girbau
Eleven native Spanish-speaking children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) (8;3-10;11) and 11 typically developing children (8;7-10;8) received a comprehensive psycholinguistic evaluation. Participants listened to either Direct Object (DO) pronoun sentences or filler sentences without any pronoun, and they decided whether a picture on the screen (depicting the antecedent, another noun in the sentence, or an unrelated object) was 'alive'. They answered comprehension questions about pronoun sentences. Children with SLI showed significantly poorer comprehension of DO pronoun sentences when answering comprehension questions than children with Typical Language Development (TLD)...
September 16, 2016: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618388/examining-the-language-phenotype-in-children-with-typical-development-specific-language-impairment-and-fragile-x-syndrome
#12
Eileen Haebig, Audra Sterling, Jill Hoover
Purpose: One aspect of morphosyntax, finiteness marking, was compared in children with fragile X syndrome (FXS), specific language impairment (SLI), and typical development matched on mean length of utterance (MLU). Method: Nineteen children with typical development (mean age = 3.3 years), 20 children with SLI (mean age = 4.9 years), and 17 boys with FXS (mean age = 11.9 years) completed the Test of Early Grammatical Impairment (TEGI; Rice & Wexler, 2001), and other cognitive and language assessments...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615432/memory-consolidation-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment-delayed-gains-and-susceptibility-to-interference-in-implicit-sequence-learning
#13
Lise Desmottes, Christelle Maillart, Thierry Meulemans
In this study, the time course of the procedural learning of a visuomotor sequence skill was followed over a 24-hour and a 1-week time period in children with and without specific language impairment (SLI). Two aspects of memory consolidation in implicit sequence learning were examined: the evolution of post-training gains in sequence knowledge (Experiment 1) and the susceptibility to interference (Experiment 2). In the first experiment, 18 children with SLI and 17 control children matched for sex, age, and nonverbal intelligence completed a serial reaction-time (SRT) task and were tested 24 hours and 1 week after practicing...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602006/statistical-learning-in-specific-language-impairment-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#14
Rita Obeid, Patricia J Brooks, Kasey L Powers, Kristen Gillespie-Lynch, Jarrad A G Lum
Impairments in statistical learning might be a common deficit among individuals with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Using meta-analysis, we examined statistical learning in SLI (14 studies, 15 comparisons) and ASD (13 studies, 20 comparisons) to evaluate this hypothesis. Effect sizes were examined as a function of diagnosis across multiple statistical learning tasks (Serial Reaction Time, Contextual Cueing, Artificial Grammar Learning, Speech Stream, Observational Learning, and Probabilistic Classification)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597881/atypical-audiovisual-word-processing-in-school-age-children-with-a-history-of-specific-language-impairment-an-event-related-potential-study
#15
Natalya Kaganovich, Jennifer Schumaker, Courtney Rowland
BACKGROUND: Visual speech cues influence different aspects of language acquisition. However, whether developmental language disorders may be associated with atypical processing of visual speech is unknown. In this study, we used behavioral and ERP measures to determine whether children with a history of SLI (H-SLI) differ from their age-matched typically developing (TD) peers in the ability to match auditory words with corresponding silent visual articulations. METHODS: Nineteen 7-13-year-old H-SLI children and 19 age-matched TD children participated in the study...
2016: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596962/specific-language-impairment-evaluation-and-detection-of-differential-psycholinguistic-markers-in-phonology-and-morphosyntax-in-spanish-speaking-children
#16
Juan J Buiza, María José Rodríguez-Parra, Mercedes González-Sánchez, José A Adrián
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of Specific Language Impairment (SLI) is very complex, given the variety of clinical pictures described in this disorder. Knowledge about the linguistic markers of SLI can facilitate its differentiation from the normal profile of language development. These markers can also be used as tools that may improve diagnostic. AIMS: To determine which psycholinguistic markers best discriminate Spanish-speaking children with SLI from children with typical language development...
November 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537243/spontaneous-gesture-production-and-lexical-abilities-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment-in-a-naming-task
#17
Manuela Lavelli, Marinella Majorano
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the role that cospeech gestures play in lexical production in preschool-age children with expressive specific language impairment (E-SLI). METHOD: Fifteen preschoolers with E-SLI and 2 groups of typically developing (TD) children matched for chronological age (n = 15, CATD group) and for language abilities (n = 15, LATD group) completed a picture-naming task. The accuracy of the spoken answers (coded for types of correct and incorrect answers), the modality of expression (spoken and/or gestural), types of gestures, and semantic relationship between gestures and speech produced by children in the different groups were compared...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531550/picture-naming-in-typically-developing-and-language-impaired-children-the-role-of-sustained-attention
#18
Suzanne R Jongman, Ardi Roelofs, Annette R Scheper, Antje S Meyer
BACKGROUND: Children with specific language impairment (SLI) have problems not only with language performance but also with sustained attention, which is the ability to maintain alertness over an extended period of time. Although there is consensus that this ability is impaired with respect to processing stimuli in the auditory perceptual modality, conflicting evidence exists concerning the visual modality. AIMS: To address the outstanding issue whether the impairment in sustained attention is limited to the auditory domain, or if it is domain-general...
August 16, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511872/self-regulatory-speech-during-planning-and-problem-solving-in-children-with-sli-and-their-typically-developing-peers
#19
Safiyyah Abdul Aziz, Janet Fletcher, Donna M Bayliss
BACKGROUND: Past research with children with specific language impairment (SLI) has shown them to have poorer planning and problem-solving ability, and delayed self-regulatory speech (SRS) relative to their typically developing (TD) peers. However, the studies are few in number and are restricted in terms of the number and age range of participants, which limits our understanding of the nature and extent of any delays. Moreover, no study has examined the performance of a significant subset of children with SLI, those who have hyperactive and inattentive behaviours...
August 11, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502818/pregnant-women-and-health-professional-s-perceptions-of-complementary-alternative-medicine-and-participation-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-acupressure-for-labour-onset
#20
Lyndall Mollart, Jon Adams, Maralyn Foureur
UNLABELLED: Feasibility randomised controlled trials of complementary medicine are important to evaluate acceptability and practicality. This study examined participants' and health professionals' perceptions of CAM and participation in a feasibility RCT of acupressure for labour onset. METHODS: A qualitative study incorporated within an RCT. Data were collected from postnatal women via questionnaires and health professionals via focus groups. RESULTS: Four themes emerged from the women's views: "Using CAM to start labour", "Feeling empowered through action", "Desiring randomisation to acupressure group", and "Welcoming the opportunity to assist in research"...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
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