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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522090/hearing-loss-mediates-executive-function-impairment-in-sleep-disordered-breathing
#1
Catherine M Hill, Romola S Bucks, Colin R Kennedy, Dawn Harrison, Annette Carroll, Nicolas Upton, Alexandra M Hogan
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is often co-morbid with conductive hearing loss in early childhood due to a shared aetiology of adenotonsillar hypertrophy. Hearing loss is independently associated with impairment of executive function and behavioural difficulties. We hypothesised that these impairments in children with SDB may be mediated through hearing loss. METHODS: Fifty-eight children including 37 snorers awaiting adenotonsillectomy and 21 healthy non-snoring controls, aged 3-5 years, were assessed with pure tone audiometry, Strengths and Difficulties (SDQ), Behaviour Rating of Executive Function (BRIEF-P), and Childhood Middle Ear Disease and Hearing questionnaires...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516959/adaptive-psychological-structure-in-childhood-hearing-impairment-audiological-correlations
#2
A Serra, G Spinato, S Cocuzza, L Licciardello, P Pavone, L Maiolino
The present research deals with the clinical and social problems present during linguistic and cognitive development of deaf children. Currently, the development of Theory of Mind represents an important research field in deafness studies. These international studies highlighted a significant alteration in the development of Theory of Mind in deaf children compared to normal hearing children, especially in cases of congenital or preverbal hearing loss. In particular, the research focuses on the skills of deaf children in recognising emotions and desires, through both perceptive and cognitive methods, by evaluation of psycho-cognitive skills of children with severe hearing loss using a set of questions to be administered to hearing loss patients...
June 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514357/-the-results-of-universal-audiological-screening-of-newborn-infants-in-the-astrakhan-region
#3
N A Daykhes, E A Grigor'eva, Yu V Nazarochkin, V M Davydov, A O Kuznetsov
We have evaluated the results of universal audiological screening of 93 352 newborn infants performed in the Astrakhan region of the Russian Federation during the period from 2009 till 2015. The screening coverage amounted to 95%. The prevalence of hearing disorders was estimated at 1:1111 and that of their severe forms at 1:3000. The clinical significance of the examination during its first stage consists of the exclusion of evoked otoacoustic emission. After the completion of the second stage, it is necessary to carry out the regular medical follow up observation of the children suffering from hearing impairment and to undertake the early rehabilitative treatment based on the application of hearing aids and prosthetic devices...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505526/peripheral-hearing-loss-reduces-the-ability-of-children-to-direct-selective-attention-during-multi-talker-listening
#4
Emma Holmes, Padraig T Kitterick, A Quentin Summerfield
Restoring normal hearing requires knowledge of how peripheral and central auditory processes are affected by hearing loss. Previous research has focussed primarily on peripheral changes following sensorineural hearing loss, whereas consequences for central auditory processing have received less attention. We examined the ability of hearing-impaired children to direct auditory attention to a voice of interest (based on the talker's spatial location or gender) in the presence of a common form of background noise: the voices of competing talkers (i...
May 10, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498263/cochlear-implantation-in-patients-with-usher-syndrome-type-iia-increases-performance-and-quality-of-life
#5
Bas P Hartel, Josephine W I van Nierop, Wendy J Huinck, Liselotte J C Rotteveel, Emmanuel A M Mylanus, Ad F Snik, Henricus P M Kunst, Ronald J E Pennings
OBJECTIVES: Usher syndrome type IIa (USH2a) is characterized by congenital moderate to severe hearing impairment and retinitis pigmentosa. Hearing rehabilitation starts in early childhood with the application of hearing aids. In some patients with USH2a, severe progression of hearing impairment leads to insufficient speech intelligibility with hearing aids and issues with adequate communication and safety. Cochlear implantation (CI) is the next step in rehabilitation of such patients...
May 11, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492189/restoring-the-voids-of-voices-by-signs-and-gestures-in-dentistry-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Suyog Jain, Vijay Duggi, Alok Avinash, Alok Dubey, Sambodhi Fouzdar, Mylavarapu Krishna Sagar
AIMS: To help dentists to communicate with the hearing impaired patients, reach an accurate diagnosis and explain the treatment plan by learning some signs and gestures used in the nonverbal communication (NVC) and by devising some new signs and gestures related to dentistry which shall be easy to learn and understand both by the hearing impaired patients and the dentists. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study was carried out on 100 hearing impaired students in the age group of 10-14 years in two special schools for hearing impaired children located in two different states of India, where different spoken languages and different sign languages are used...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485286/assesment-effectiveness-of-treatment-eustachian-tube-dysfunction-using-pneumatic-inhaler-amsa
#7
Iwona Zając-Ratajczak, Agata Szkiełkowska, Karina Wilhelmsen
INTRODUCTION: Upper respiratory tract infections are common childhood diseases. Children are more susceptible to middle ear infections because their Eustachian tube is short, straight and wide. As a consequence of these inflammatory changes while impaired patency of the Eustachian tube often arises conductive hearing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to Assessment effectiveness of treatment Eustachian tube dysfunction using inhaler AMSA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 30 patients...
November 20, 2016: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484666/hearing-and-balance-disorders-in-the-state-of-hawai-i-demographics-and-demand-for-services
#8
Mohsin Ahmed M Shaikh, James W Hall, Cindy McManus, Henry L Lew
Hearing and balance disorders affect people of all ages. Among children, hearing loss affects speech and language development, academic performance, and psychosocial development. Hearing loss in adults negatively impacts work productivity, cognitive function, and psychosocial status. Prevalence of hearing loss in children in Hawai'i is higher than the national average. Research indicates that hearing loss is a prevalent condition among veterans and advanced age adults. This is of particular concern in Hawai'i as the state is home to many military training facilities and has a large elderly population...
May 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483258/universal-newborn-hearing-screening-in-southwestern-iran
#9
Nader Saki, Arash Bayat, Reza Hoseinabadi, Soheila Nikakhlagh, Majid Karimi, Rezvan Dashti
OBJECTIVES: The implementation of Neonatal Hearing Screening (NHS) program is still at the preliminary stage particularly in developing countries despite the burden of permanent congenital and early-onset hearing impairment. The purpose of this study was to report results for universal newborn NHS in a cohort of children born in the southwestern region of Iran, as part of a national screening program set up by the Iranian National Health System. METHODS: During this cross-sectional study, which took place between March 2013 and April 2016, healthy newborns were screened using transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) and automated auditory brainstem responses (AABRs) methods at several points in time as early as possible after birth...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483237/biochemical-alteration-in-children-with-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-sensorineural-hearing-loss-additional-insights-in-cochlear-renal-relationship
#10
Ghada Mohamed El Mashad, Wafaa Moustafa M Abo El Fotoh, Ahmed Mahmoud Zein El Abedein, Fatma Abd El Raoof Abd El Sadek
OBJECTIVES: Children with Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome (INS) are at risk of hearing loss due to the adverse impact of medications and related immunological and genetic factors on both cochlea and kidney. So this work was planned to evaluate hearing status in children with INS and to clarify the possible associated risk factors by interpreting the clinical and laboratory profiles of those children. METHODS: Ninety children with INS aged 5-14 years [30 patients with steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS), 30 patients with steroid dependent/frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (SDNS/FRNS), and 30 patients with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS)], and 90 age and sex matched normal controls were enrolled into this study...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482824/novel-missense-mutation-in-the-bzip-transcription-factor-maf-associated-with-congenital-cataract-developmental-delay-seizures-and-hearing-loss-aym%C3%A3-gripp-syndrome
#11
Shari Javadiyan, Jamie E Craig, Shiwani Sharma, Karen M Lower, Theresa Casey, Eric Haan, Emmanuelle Souzeau, Kathryn P Burdon
BACKGROUND: Cataract is a major cause of severe visual impairment in childhood. The purpose of this study was to determine the genetic cause of syndromic congenital cataract in an Australian mother and son. METHOD: Fifty-one genes associated with congenital cataract were sequenced in the proband using a custom Ampliseq library on the Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine (PGM). Reads were aligned against the human genome (hg19) and variants were annotated. Variants were prioritised for validation by Sanger sequencing if they were novel, rare or previously reported to be associated with paediatric cataract and were predicted to be protein changing...
May 8, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475714/high-risk-factors-associated-with-early-childhood-hearing-loss-a-3-year-review
#12
Kelsey A Dumanch, Lenore Holte, Tammy O'Hollearn, Elizabeth Walker, Jacob Clark, Jacob Oleson
Purpose: In this study, we examined the association between risk factors for hearing loss and early childhood hearing status (normal hearing, congenital hearing loss, or delayed-onset hearing loss). Follow-up rates of audiologic care following passed or referred birth screens for children with risk factors were also examined. Method: A retrospective data review was completed on 115,039 children born from 2010 to 2012. Data analyses included prevalence rates, odds ratios, and Fisher exact tests of statistical significance...
May 6, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462671/the-impact-of-tympanostomy-tubes-on-speech-and-language-development-in-children-with-cleft-palate
#13
Amber D Shaffer, Matthew D Ford, Sukgi S Choi, Noel Jabbour
Objective Describe the impact of hearing loss, tympanostomy tube placement before palatoplasty, and number of tubes received on speech outcomes in children with cleft palate. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary care children's hospital. Subjects and Methods Records from 737 children born between April 2005 and April 2015 who underwent palatoplasty at a tertiary children's hospital were reviewed. Exclusion criteria were cleft repair at an outside hospital, intact secondary palate, absence of postpalatoplasty speech evaluation, sensorineural or mixed hearing loss, no tubes, first tubes after palatoplasty, or first clinic after 12 months of age...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443040/the-impact-of-early-visual-deprivation-on-spatial-hearing-a-comparison-between-totally-and-partially-visually-deprived-children
#14
Giulia Cappagli, Sara Finocchietti, Elena Cocchi, Monica Gori
The specific role of early visual deprivation on spatial hearing is still unclear, mainly due to the difficulty of comparing similar spatial skills at different ages and to the difficulty in recruiting young blind children from birth. In this study, the effects of early visual deprivation on the development of auditory spatial localization have been assessed in a group of seven 3-5 years old children with congenital blindness (n = 2; light perception or no perception of light) or low vision (n = 5; visual acuity range 1...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438970/the-severity-of-vestibular-dysfunction-in-deafness-as-a-determinant-of-comorbid-hyperactivity-or-anxiety
#15
Michelle W Antoine, Sarath Vijayakumar, Nicholas McKeehan, Sherri M Jones, Jean M Hébert
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and anxiety-related disorders occur at rates 2-3 times higher in deaf compared with hearing children. Potential explanations for these elevated rates and the heterogeneity of behavioral disorders associated with deafness have usually focused on socio-environmental rather than biological effects. Children with the 22q11.2 deletion or duplication syndromes often display hearing loss and behavioral disorders including ADHD and anxiety-related disorders. Here, we show that mouse mutants with either a gain- or loss-of-function of the T-Box transcription factor gene, Tbx1, which lies within the 22q11...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420278/audiometric-features-in-young-adults-with-turner-syndrome
#16
Åsa Bonnard, Christina Hederstierna, Rusana Bark, Malou Hultcrantz
OBJECTIVE: Hearing loss (HL) is a known problem in adults with Turner syndrome (TS). The aim of this study was to investigate audiometric features in young adults with TS and the extent of hearing aid provision. DESIGN: Patients were recruited from the Turner centre at Karolinska University Hospital. Analysis of audiograms was made in relation to hearing aid use, a Swedish normal hearing cohort and the need for hearing rehabilitation. STUDY SAMPLE: Sixty-four women with TS aged 25-38 years at the time of their audiological testing...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417111/speech-intelligibility-in-persian-hearing-impaired-children-with-cochlear-implants-and-hearing-aids
#17
Mohammad Rezaei, Maryam Emadi, Peyman Zamani, Farhad Farahani, Gohar Lotfi
The aim of present study is to evaluate and compare speech intelligibility in hearing impaired children with cochlear implants (CI) and hearing aid (HA) users and children with normal hearing (NH). The sample consisted of 45 Persian-speaking children aged 3 to 5-years-old. They were divided into three groups, and each group had 15, children, children with CI and children using hearing aids in Hamadan. Participants was evaluated by the test of speech intelligibility level. Results of ANOVA on speech intelligibility test showed that NH children had significantly better reading performance than hearing impaired children with CI and HA...
April 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413698/simultaneous-bilateral-cochlear-implants-developmental-advances-do-not-yet-achieve-normal-cortical-processing
#18
Vijayalakshmi Easwar, Hiroshi Yamazaki, Michael Deighton, Blake Papsin, Karen Gordon
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous bilateral cochlear implantation promotes symmetric development of bilateral auditory pathways but binaural hearing remains abnormal. To evaluate whether bilateral cortical processing remains impaired in such children, cortical activity to unilateral and bilateral stimuli was assessed in a unique cohort of 16 children who received bilateral cochlear implants (CIs) simultaneously at 1.97 ± 0.86 years of age and had ~4 years of CI experience, providing the first opportunity to assess electrically driven cortical development in the absence of reorganized asymmetries from sequential implantation...
April 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406248/sensory-defects-and-developmental-delay-among-children-with-congenital-rubella-syndrome
#19
Michiko Toizumi, Giang Thi Huong Nguyen, Hideki Motomura, Thanh Huu Nguyen, Enga Pham, Ken-Ichi Kaneko, Masafumi Uematsu, Hien Anh Thi Nguyen, Duc Anh Dang, Masahiro Hashizume, Lay-Myint Yoshida, Hiroyuki Moriuchi
This study investigated the features of developmental difficulties combined with sensory defects in children with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Following a large rubella outbreak in Khanh Hoa Province, Vietnam, in 2011, we enrolled 41 children with CRS from September 2011 through May 2013. Fourteen participants died and six became untraceable by October 2013; the remaining 21 children were followed up from 2013 to 2015. Thirteen and seven participants had hearing and functional ophthalmological impairment, respectively...
April 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405869/long-term-neuropsychological-follow-up-of-young-children-with-medulloblastoma-treated-with-sequential-high-dose-chemotherapy-and-irradiation-sparing-approach
#20
Taryn B Fay-McClymont, Danielle M Ploetz, Don Mabbott, Karin Walsh, Amy Smith, Susan N Chi, Elizabeth Wells, Jennifer Madden, Ashley Margol, Jonathan Finlay, Mark W Kieran, Douglas Strother, Girish Dhall, Roger J Packer, Nicholas K Foreman, E Bouffet, Lucie Lafay-Cousin
High-dose chemotherapy (HDC) strategies were developed in brain tumor protocols for young children to prevent neuropsychological (NP) impairments associated with radiotherapy. However, comprehensive NP evaluations of these children treated with such strategies remain limited. We examined the long-term neurocognitive outcomes of young children (<6 years) with medulloblastoma, treated similarly, with a HDC strategy "according to" the chemotherapy regimen of the protocol CCG 99703. This retrospective study included young children less than 6 years of age at diagnosis of medulloblastoma treated from 1998 to 2011 at 7 North American institutions...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
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