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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038719/phenomenological-needs-assessment-of-parents-of-children-with-cochlear-implants
#1
Firoozeh Mostafavi, Seyed Mohammad Mahdi Hazavehei, Mohammad Majid Oryadi-Zanjani, Gholamreza Sharifi Rad, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Leila Ravanyar
BACKGROUND: The use of cochlear implants has been a remarkable success in reducing disabilities in those with impaired hearing, which have made a significant change in the patients' quality of life. Only by relying on cochlear implants, disabilities cannot be eliminated in the hearing impaired, and, alongside this intervention, rehabilitation practices such as through family and community support are necessary. AIM: To explain the needs of parents of children with cochlear implants to increase the quality of rehabilitation services and family-based interventions...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020839/learning-from-the-longitudinal-outcomes-of-children-with-hearing-impairment-lochi-study-summary-of-5-year-findings-and-implications
#2
Teresa Y C Ching, Harvey Dillon, Greg Leigh, Linda Cupples
OBJECTIVE: This article summarises findings of the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment (LOCHI) study, and discusses implications of the findings for research and clinical practice. DESIGN: A population-based study on outcomes of children with hearing loss. Evaluations were conducted at five years of age. STUDY SAMPLE: Participants were 470 children born with hearing loss between 2002 and 2007 in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland in Australia, and who first received amplification or cochlear implantation by three years of age...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016809/longitudinal-assessment-of-late-onset-neurologic-conditions-in-survivors-of-childhood-central-nervous-system-tumors-a-childhood-cancer-survivor-study-report
#3
Elizabeth M Wells, Nicole J Ullrich, Kristy Seidel, Wendy Leisenring, Charles A Sklar, Gregory T Armstrong, Lisa Diller, Allison King, Kevin R Krull, Joseph P Neglia, Marilyn Stovall, Kimberly Whelan, Kevin C Oeffinger, Leslie L Robison, Roger J Packer
Background: Survivors of childhood central nervous system (CNS) tumors experience high rates of treatment-related neurologic sequelae. Whether survivors continue to be at increased risk for new events as they age is unknown. Methods: Adverse neurologic health conditions in 5-year survivors of CNS tumors from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (CCSS, n=1876) were evaluated longitudinally at a median 23.0 years from diagnosis, range 5.1 - 38.9; median age at last evaluation 30...
August 22, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990181/long-term-impairment-attributable-to-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Marjolein J Korndewal, Anne Marie Oudesluys-Murphy, Aloys C M Kroes, Marianne A B van der Sande, Hester E de Melker, Ann C T M Vossen
AIM: This study aimed to estimate long-term impairment attributable to congenital cytomegalovirus infection (cCMV). METHOD: This nationwide cohort study retrospectively assessed cCMV in children born in 2008 in the Netherlands, testing 31 484 stored neonatal dried blood spots. Extensive medical data of cCMV-positive children (n=133) and matched cCMV-negative comparison children (n=274) up to 6 years of age were analysed. RESULTS: Moderate to severe long-term impairment was diagnosed in 24...
October 9, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988151/does-a-lack-of-auditory-experience-affect-sequential-learning
#5
Janne von Koss Torkildsen, Joanne Arciuli, Christiane Lingås Haukedal, Ona Bø Wie
To understand the interaction between sensory experiences and cognition, it is critical to investigate the possibility that deprivation in one sensory modality might affect cognition in other modalities. Here we are concerned with the hypothesis that early experience with sound is vital to the development of domain-general sequential processing skills. In line with this hypothesis, a seminal empirical study found that prelingually deaf children had impaired sequence learning in the visual modality. In order to assess the limits of this hypothesis, the current study employed a different visual sequence learning task in an investigation of prelingually deaf children with cochlear implants and normal hearing children...
October 6, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978246/prevention-and-treatment-of-fetal-cytomegalovirus-infection-with-cytomegalovirus-hyperimmune-globulin-a-multicenter-study-in-madrid
#6
Daniel Blázquez-Gamero, A Galindo Izquierdo, T Del Rosal, F Baquero-Artigao, N Izquierdo Méndez, M Soriano-Ramos, P Rojo Conejo, M I González-Tomé, A García-Burguillo, N Pérez Pérez, V Sánchez, J T Ramos-Amador, M De la Calle
INTRODUCTION: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the leading cause of congenital infection worldwide. Data about the management of CMV infection in pregnant women are scarce, and treatment options are very limited. The aim of the study is to investigate the effectiveness of cytomegalovirus hyperimmune globulin (CMV-HIG) for the prevention and treatment of congenital CMV (cCMV) infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted in three tertiary hospitals in Madrid...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971727/hearing-aid-fitting-and-developmental-outcomes-of-children-fit-according-to-either-the-nal-or-dsl-prescription-fit-to-target-audibility-speech-and-language-abilities
#7
Teresa Y C Ching, Vicky W Zhang, Earl E Johnson, Patricia Van Buynder, Sanna Hou, Lauren Burns, Laura Button, Christopher Flynn, Karen McGhie
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the influence of prescription on hearing aid (HA) fitting characteristics and 5-year developmental outcomes of children. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial implemented as part of a population-based study on Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment (LOCHI). STUDY SAMPLE: Two-hundred and thirty-two children that were fit according to either the National Acoustic Laboratories (NAL) or Desired Sensation Level (DSL) prescription...
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967231/congenital-anomalies-and-the-severity-of-impairments-for-cerebral-palsy
#8
Kjersti P Jystad, Kristin M Strand, Solveig Bjellmo, Stian Lydersen, Kari Klungsöyr, Magne Stoknes, Jon Skranes, Guro L Andersen, Torstein Vik
AIM: To study the prevalence of congenital anomalies among children with cerebral palsy (CP) born at term or late preterm, and if CP subtypes and clinical manifestations differ between children with and without congenital anomalies. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study using data from the Cerebral Palsy Register of Norway and the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. All children with congenital CP born at and later than 34 weeks' gestation in Norway from 1999 to 2009 were included...
October 2, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965846/fdxr-mutations-cause-sensorial-neuropathies-and-expand-the-spectrum-of-mitochondrial-fe-s-synthesis-diseases
#9
Antoine Paul, Anthony Drecourt, Floriane Petit, Delphine Dupin Deguine, Christelle Vasnier, Myriam Oufadem, Cécile Masson, Crystel Bonnet, Saber Masmoudi, Isabelle Mosnier, Laurence Mahieu, Didier Bouccara, Josseline Kaplan, Georges Challe, Christelle Domange, Fanny Mochel, Olivier Sterkers, Sylvie Gerber, Patrick Nitschke, Christine Bole-Feysot, Laurence Jonard, Souad Gherbi, Oriane Mercati, Ines Ben Aissa, Stanislas Lyonnet, Agnès Rötig, Agnès Delahodde, Sandrine Marlin
Hearing loss and visual impairment in childhood have mostly genetic origins, some of them being related to sensorial neuronal defects. Here, we report on eight subjects from four independent families affected by auditory neuropathy and optic atrophy. Whole-exome sequencing revealed biallelic mutations in FDXR in affected subjects of each family. FDXR encodes the mitochondrial ferredoxin reductase, the sole human ferredoxin reductase implicated in the biosynthesis of iron-sulfur clusters (ISCs) and in heme formation...
October 5, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964312/evaluation-of-transient-evoked-otoacoustic-emissions-in-a-healthy-1-to-10%C3%A2-year-pediatric-cohort-in-sub-saharan-africa
#10
Daniel Dejaco, Fabian C Aregger, Helene V Hurth, Josua Kegele, Veronika Muigg, Lukas Oberhammer, Sebastian Bunk, Natalie Fischer, Leyla Pinggera, David Riedl, Allan Otieno, Tsiri Agbenyega, Ayola A Adegnika, Herbert Riechelmann, Peter Lackner, Patrick Zorowka, Peter Kremsner, Joachim Schmutzhard
OBJECTIVE: Transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) monitor cochlear function. High pass rates have been reported for industrialized countries. Pass rates in low and middle income countries such as Sub-Saharan Africa are rare, essentially lower and available for children up to 4 years of age and frequently based on hospital recruitments. This study aims at providing additional TEOAE pass rates of a healthy Sub-Saharan cohort aged 1-10 years with data from Gabon, Ghana and Kenya...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964278/determinants-of-caregivers-awareness-of-universal-newborn-hearing-screening-in-malaysia
#11
Abdul Halim Abdul Majid, Mohd Normani Zakaria, Nor Azimah Chew Abdullah, Sulaiman Hamzah, Siti Zamratol-Mai Sarah Mukari
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to investigate the effects of perceived attitude and anxiety on awareness of UNHS among caregivers in Malaysia. METHODS: Using cross sectional research approach, data were collected and some 46 out of 87 questionnaires distributed to caregivers attending UNHS programs at selected public hospitals were usable for analysis (response rate of 52.8%). Partial Least Squares Method (PLS) algorithm and bootstrapping technique were employed to test the hypotheses of the study...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953604/assessment-of-behavioral-problems-in-children-with-hearing-loss
#12
Caitlin E Fiorillo, Vania Rashidi, Philip M Westgate, Julie A Jacobs, Matthew L Bush, Christina R Studts
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of disruptive behavior problems between preschool-aged children with hearing loss and normal hearing. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary academic center. PATIENTS: Caregivers of children (2-5 yr old) with normal hearing (NH) (n = 39), hearing loss using hearing aid(s) (HA) (n = 29), or cochlear implant(s) (CI) (n = 21). INTERVENTION(S): Demographic information and a mental health history were obtained...
September 26, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952901/long-term-hearing-outcomes-after-recurrent-acute-otitis-media-during-early-childhood
#13
Mattias Krakau, Britta Rynnel Dagöö, Sten Hellström, Anna Granath
OBJECTIVE: To survey long-term hearing outcomes and middle ear pathology in a 30-year follow-up in individuals with onset of recurrent acute otitis media (rAOM) before three years of age. METHODS: 28 adults, aged 30.1-31.8 years, who originally - at the age of 12-32 months - participated in a study on rAOM between 1979 and 1983, were re-examined regarding self-reported ear problems, current tympanic membrane changes and audiology. Thirteen subjects had suffered from rAOM during early childhood and 15 subjects served as a control group...
December 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948301/-hearing-rehabilitation-with-cochlear-implants-and-cognitive-abilities
#14
REVIEW
S Knopke, H Olze
The relevance of assessing cognitive functioning is increasing against the background of the continuing demographic changes. Up to a few years ago the focus was on the effects of cochlear implantation in children born deaf in comparison to healthy individuals. Currently, the question arises whether hearing rehabilitation in the elderly, e.g. by postlingual cochlear implantation, has a protective effect on cognitive functioning and therefore on the risk of onset of dementia. This review describes the association of cognitive functioning with hearing disorders and cochlear implantation...
September 25, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938230/outcomes-of-congenital-cytomegalovirus-disease-following-maternal-primary-and-non-primary-infection
#15
Antonietta Giannattasio, Pasquale Di Costanzo, Arianna De Matteis, Paola Milite, Daniela De Martino, Laura Bucci, Maria Rosaria Augurio, Carmela Bravaccio, Teresa Ferrara, Letizia Capasso, Francesco Raimondi
BACKGROUND: Natural history and long term prognosis of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease according to maternal primary versus non-primary infection are not clearly documented. OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical, laboratory and neuroimaging features at onset and long term outcome of congenitally CMV-infected patients born to mothers with non-primary infection compared with a group of patients born to mothers with primary infection. STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive neonates born from 2002 to 2015 were considered eligible for the study...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937080/branchio-oto-renal-syndrome-presenting-with-syndrome-of-hyporeninemic-hypoaldosteronism
#16
Jane Jackie David, Preeti Shanbag
Branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome is an autosomal dominant, clinically heterogeneous disorder characterized by branchial arch anomalies, hearing impairment, and renal malformations. We report the case of a 10-year-old boy with BOR syndrome who presented with hyperkalemic hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis due to hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism. The child also had mental retardation and spastic diplegia which have hitherto not been described in BOR syndrome.
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931311/validating-the-unicef-washington-group-child-functioning-module-for-fijian-schools-to-identify-seeing-hearing-and-walking-difficulties
#17
Beth Sprunt, Monsurul Hoq, Umesh Sharma, Manjula Marella
PURPOSE: This study investigated the seeing, hearing and walking questions of the UNICEF/Washington Group Child Functioning Module and the inter-rater reliability between teachers and parents as proxy respondents. METHODS: Cross-sectional diagnostic accuracy study, two-gate design with representative sampling, comparing Module responses to reference standard assessments for 472 primary aged students in Fiji. Receiver operating characteristic curves were constructed to determine the area under the curve and optimal cut-off points...
September 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929069/our-experience-of-treating-wide-spectrum-of-external-ear-canal-atresia-of-different-etiologies-in-pediatric-patients
#18
Kranti Bhavana
External auditory canal atresia (EACA) is a common otologic condition. Etiology can vary from congenital to acquired causes. It causes considerable difficulty to the patient. Bilateral ear canal atresia in children can lead to speech delays due to hearing impairment caused by this condition. Though easily diagnosed it is one of the most difficult conditions to treat. Acquired conditions can affect any age group. Restenosis following treatment is very common. This article focuses on the treatment of EACA due to different etiologies and emphasizes on special points of surgical treatment and follow up...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929065/the-use-of-lexical-neighborhood-test-lnt-in-the-assessment-of-speech-recognition-performance-of-cochlear-implantees-with-normal-and-malformed-cochlea
#19
Anjali R Kant, Arun A Banik
The present study aims to use the model-based test Lexical Neighborhood Test (LNT), to assess speech recognition performance in early and late implanted hearing impaired children with normal and malformed cochlea. The LNT was administered to 46 children with congenital (prelingual) bilateral severe-profound sensorineural hearing loss, using Nucleus 24 cochlear implant. The children were grouped into Group 1-(early implantees with normal cochlea-EI); n = 15, 31/2-61/2 years of age; mean age at implantation-3½ years...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923429/frequency-of-auditory-involvement-and-of-associated-factors-in-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#20
Adriana Ivonne Céspedes Cruz, Myriam Méndez Núñez, Eunice Solís Vallejo, Maritza Zeferino Cruz, Alfonso Ragnar Torres Jiménez, Verónica Ocampo Sánchez, Beatriz Flores Meza, Norma Quintana Ruiz
INTRODUCTION: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of arthritis in children under 16 years of age for more than 6 weeks in the absence of any other known cause. The extra-articular manifestations, especially in the audiovestibular system, are related to the involvement of the joints of the ossicular chain as a result of the inflammatory process in the synovium. Previous clinical studies in pediatric patients have shown conductive or sensorineural hearing loss...
September 8, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
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