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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211317/primary-human-cytomegalovirus-hcmv-infection-in-pregnancy
#1
Horst Buxmann, Klaus Hamprecht, Matthias Meyer-Wittkopf, Klaus Friese
BACKGROUND: In 0.5-4% of pregnancies, the prospective mother sustains a primary infection with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). An HCMV infection of the fetus in the first or second trimester can cause complex post-encephalitic impairment of the infant brain, leading to motor and mental retardation, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, retinal defects, and progressive hearing loss. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications from January 2000 to October 2016 that were retrieved by a selective search in PubMed employing the terms "cytomegalovirus and pregnancy" and "congenital cytomegalovirus...
January 27, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211175/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-association-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-visually-or-hearing-impaired-children
#2
Belinda Do, Paige Lynch, Elena-Marie Macris, Brianna Smyth, Stephanie Stavrinakis, Stephen Quinn, Paul A Constable
PURPOSE: To determine whether there is an association with a congenital visual or hearing impairment (VI or HI) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in children. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using nine relevant databases limited to peer reviewed articles in English between 1994 and January 2016. The search identified 1248 articles after duplicates were removed with subsequent screening of the abstracts excluding a further 1199, resulting in 49 full-text articles that were then independently assessed by five of the authors with a final 15 articles meeting the inclusion criteria...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207627/letter-to-the-editor-regarding-oyewumi-m-wolter-ne-heon-e-gordon-ka-papsin-bc-cushing-sl-using-balance-function-to-screen-for-vestibular-impairment-in-children-with-sensorineural-hearing-loss-and-cochlear-implants
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191326/consanguinity-among-parents-of-iranian-deaf-children
#4
Mohammad Ajallouyan, Shokofeh Radfar, Sima Nouhi, Seid Abbas Tavallaie, Susan Amirsalari, Jaleh Yousefi, Mahdieh Hasanali Fard
BACKGROUND: It seems that there is a relationship between consanguinity and profound hearing loss but there is little data about the association of consanguinity and hearing loss in Iran. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to demonstrate the causes of profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss among Iranian samples who are candidates for cochlear implantation. METHODS: This study was retrospective, analytical, and designed to collect information about profound hearing impaired cases referred to the Baqiyatallah Cochlear implantation center using enumeration...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167001/childhood-hearing-loss-a-need-for-primary-health-care
#5
Segun Ayodeji Ogunkeyede, Stephen Oluwatosin Adebola, Abdulwasiu Salman, Akeem Olawale Lasisi
INTRODUCTION: Essential health care for children is the care of the ear. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study of 155 children with hearing loss. RESULTS: A total of 155 pupils with hearing impairment and their parents were interviewed; 77(49.7%) males and 78(50.3%) females, age ranged from 6 to 15years (mean 9.11 ± 2.5 years). None of the participants had neonatal hearing screening. Parents detected the hearing loss at a mean age of 2...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166997/the-effects-of-cochlear-implantation-on-vestibular-function-in-1-4-years-old-children
#6
Mohammad Ajalloueyan, Masoumeh Saeedi, Mohammad Sadeghi, Farzaneh Zamiri Abdollahi
OBJECTIVES: Although cochlear implants offer an effective hearing restoration option in children with severe to profound hearing loss, concern continues to exist regarding the possible effects of cochlear implantation on the vestibular system and balance. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 27 children with bilateral profound hearing loss (all candidates for cochlear implantation) were evaluated for their vestibular function before and after cochlear implantation...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140832/assistive-technology-needs-functional-difficulties-and-services-utilization-and-coordination-of-children-with-developmental-disabilities-in-the-united-states
#7
Sue C Lin, Robert S Gold
Assistive technology (AT) enhances the ability of individuals with disabilities to be fully engaged in activities at home, at school, and within their communities-especially for children with developmental disabilities (DD) with physical, sensory, learning, and/or communication impairments. The prevalence of children with DD in the United States has risen from 12.84% in 1997 to 15.04% in 2008. Thus, it is important to monitor the status of their AT needs, functional difficulties, services utilization, and coordination...
January 31, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123622/full-outline-of-unresponsiveness-score-and-the-glasgow-coma-scale-in-prediction-of-pediatric-coma
#8
Atahar Jamal, Naveen Sankhyan, Murlidharan Jayashree, Sunit Singhi, Pratibha Singhi
BACKGROUND: This study was done to compare the admission Full Outline of Unresponsiveness (FOUR) score and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) as predictors of outcome in children with impaired consciousness. METHODS: In this observational study, children (5-12 years) with impaired consciousness of <7 days were included. Children with traumatic brain injury, on sedatives or neuromuscular blockade; with pre-existing cerebral palsy, mental retardation, degenerative brain disease, vision/hearing impairment; and seizure within last 1 hour were excluded...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123078/cortical-representation-of-interaural-time-difference-is-impaired-by-deafness-in-development-evidence-from-children-with-early-long-term-access-to-sound-through-bilateral-cochlear-implants-provided-simultaneously
#9
Vijayalakshmi Easwar, Hiroshi Yamazaki, Michael Deighton, Blake Papsin, Karen Gordon
: Accurate use of interaural time differences (ITDs) for spatial hearing may require access to bilateral auditory input during sensitive periods in human development. Providing bilateral cochlear implants (CIs) simultaneously promotes symmetrical development of bilateral auditory pathways but does not support normal ITD sensitivity. Thus, although binaural interactions are established by bilateral CIs in the auditory brainstem, potential deficits in cortical processing of ITDs remain...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121245/solar-powered-hearing-aids-for-children-with-impaired-hearing-in-vietnam-a-pilot-study
#10
Quang Thanh Vo, Dung Pham, Kevin J Choi, Uyen T T Nguyen, Lan Le, Trudy Shanewise, Lien Tran, Nga Nguyen, Walter T Lee
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss is a barrier to speech and social and cognitive development. This can be especially pronounced in children living in low- and middle-income countries with limited resources. AIM: To determine the feasibility, durability and social impact of ComCare GLW solar-powered hearing aids provided for Vietnamese children with hearing impairment. METHODS: A retrospective review of data from an international, multi-discipline humanitarian visit was performed...
January 25, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120639/cognitive-skills-affect-outcome-of-ci-in-children-a-systematic-review
#11
Nichlas Udholm, Anders W Jørgensen, Therese Ovesen
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review previous literature to determine to what extent hearing- impaired children with cognitive disabilities benefit from cochlear implantation (CI). Ultimately, to recommend guidelines for preoperative cognitive testing of hearing- impaired children and for the postoperative rehabilitation programs. METHODS: Pubmed, Cinahl, Embase, and The Cochrane Library was searched systematically for studies reporting cognitive disabilities in CI children...
January 25, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112130/impact-of-correcting-visual-impairment-and-low-vision-in-deaf-mute-students-in-pune-india
#12
Parikshit Gogate, Shashi Bhusan, Shantanu Ray, Amit Shinde
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate visual acuity and vision function before and after providing spectacles and low vision devices (LVDs) in deaf-mute students. SETTINGS: Schools for deaf-mute in West Maharashtra. METHODS: Hearing-impaired children in all special schools in Pune district underwent detailed visual acuity testing (with teachers' help), refraction, external ocular examination, and fundoscopy. Students with refractive errors and low vision were provided with spectacles and LVD...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112128/visual-function-of-children-with-visual-and-other-disabilities-in-oman-a-case-series
#13
Urmi Gogri, Rajiv Khandekar, Salah Al Harby
BACKGROUND: We assessed the visual functioning of the children with special needs in Oman between 2009 and 2012. We present the methods of assessing different visual functions, outcomes, and interventions carried out to improve their functioning. METHODS: Optometrists assessed visual functions of children of "Day care centres" in Oman. Experts further assessed them and provided low vision care. Ocular movements, refractive corrections, near, distance, contrast color, motion, field of vision, and cognitive visual function test results were noted...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109488/juvenile-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-jsle-auditory-pathway-affection-in-relation-to-disease-activity
#14
M A Kotait, H H Abd Elnabi, T A Gabr
BACKGROUND: Juvenile Systemic lupus erythematosus (jSLE) is an autoimmune disease with the potential to affect a variety of organs in children or adolescents. jSLE is characterized by its severity and more widespread organ involvement specially central nervous system. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate auditory processing and cognitive functions in children and adolescents with SLE taking into consideration the disease severity. METHODS: This work included 40 normal hearing pediatric patients diagnosed as SLE (23 with active disease and 17 with inactive disease) and a control group included 30 matched healthy children...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109482/prevalence-and-independent-risk-factors-for-hearing-impairment-among-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#15
Chien-Ho Wang, Chang-Yo Yang, Reyin Lien, Shih-Ming Chu, Jen-Fu Hsu, Ren-Huei Fu, Ming-Chou Chiang
BACKGROUND: Although we've made big strides in perinatal and neonatal care, auditory handicap remains a serious complication in those who were born very premature. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to determine the prevalence and analyze possible risk factors of hearing impairment in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study by reviewing medical records of all VLBW infants (BW ≤ 1500 g) admitted to NICU of Chang Gung Children's Hospital over 2 years period from Jan...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106811/prevalence-and-social-risk-factors-for-hearing-impairment-in-chinese-children-a-national-survey
#16
Chunfeng Yun, Zhenjie Wang, Jiamin Gao, Ping He, Chao Guo, Gong Chen, Xiaoying Zheng
Hearing impairment may affect children's communication skills, social development, and educational achievement. Little is known about the prevalence of hearing impairment among Chinese children. Data were taken from the 2006 second China National Survey on Disability (CNSD). Hearing impairment was defined as moderate (41-60 dB HL), severe (61-80 dB HL), profound (81-90 dB HL), or complete (>91 dB HL). Logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). A weighted number of 567,915 hearing impairment children were identified, yielding a prevalence of 17...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102004/prevalence-and-causes-of-hearing-impairment-in-fundong-health-district-north-west-cameroon
#17
Silvia Ferrite, Islay Mactaggart, Hannah Kuper, Joseph Oye, Sarah Polack
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and causes of hearing impairment in Fundong Health District, North West Cameroon. METHODS: We selected 51 clusters of 80 people through probability proportionate to size sampling. Initial hearing screening was undertaken through an otoacoustic emission (OAE) test. Participants aged 4+ years who failed this test in both ears or for whom an OAE reading could not be taken underwent a manual pure-tone audiometry (PTA) screening...
January 18, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100557/dual-sensory-impairment-in-special-schools-in-south-eastern-nigeria
#18
Ada E Aghaji, Richard Bowman, Vincent C Ofoegbu, Andrew Smith
In a cross-sectional study to determine the magnitude of dual sensory impairment (DSI-combined hearing and vision loss) in children in single-disability special education schools, children in schools for the blind and schools for the deaf in four states in South-East Nigeria were examined by an ophthalmologist and otorhinolaryngologist to determine the level of their disability and to identify other disabilities if any. Participants were all students with childhood blindness or childhood deafness. The magnitude and causes of DSI and the burden of undetected DSI were the main outcome measures...
February 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095295/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-corrects-osteopetrosis-in-a-child-carrying-a-novel-homozygous-mutation-in-the-fermt3-gene
#19
Eleonora Palagano, Mary A Slatter, Paolo Uva, Ciro Menale, Anna Villa, Mario Abinun, Cristina Sobacchi
Osteopetrosis (OPT) is a rare skeletal disorder with phenotypic and genotypic heterogeneity: a variety of clinical features besides the bony defect may be present, and at least ten different genes are known to be involved in the disease pathogenesis. In the framework of this heterogeneity, we report the clinical description of a neonate, first child of consanguineous parents, who had osteoclast-rich osteopetrosis and bone marrow failure in early life, but no other usual classical features of infantile malignant OPT, such as visual or hearing impairments...
January 14, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094881/children-with-motor-impairment-related-to-cerebral-palsy-prevalence-severity-and-concurrent-impairments-in-china
#20
Ping He, Gong Chen, Zhenjie Wang, Chao Guo, Xiaoying Zheng
AIM: Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common cause of motor impairment in childhood. This study aimed to examine the prevalence, severity and concurrent impairments of CP-related motor impairment among Chinese children. METHODS: Children with CP-related motor impairment aged 0-17 years were identified through a national population-based survey based on World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Logistic regression models allowing for weights were used to examine individual and family factors in relation to CP-related motor impairment...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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