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Hearing impair* child*

Cristhiene Montone Nunes Ramires, Fátima Cristina Alves Branco-Barreiro, Érica Toledo Piza Peluso
Hearing loss among children, particularly those with severe and profound hearing impairment, has an effect on their communication and development, which in turn can have a significant impact on their parents. This study aimed to evaluate the quality of life of parents of children with hearing loss and identify the associated factors. A cross-sectional study was carried out involving parents of children that went through phonoaudiological therapy at a public university clinic in the city of São Paulo. The research instruments used were: the World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument, Short Form (WHOQOL-bref), the Social Support Questionnaire 6 (SSQ-6) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12)...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Sigrid Bosteels, Michel Vandenbroeck, Geert Van Hove
New-born screening programs for congenital disorders and chronic disease are expanding worldwide and children "at risk" are identified by nationwide tracking systems at the earliest possible stage. These practices are never neutral and raise important social and ethical questions. An emergent concern is that a reflexive professionalism should interrogate the ever earlier interference in children's lives. The Flemish community of Belgium was among the first to generalize the screening for hearing loss in young children and is an interesting case to study the public justification of early interventions for families with deaf children...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
Anne Synnes, Thuy Mai Luu, Diane Moddemann, Paige Church, David Lee, Michael Vincer, Marilyn Ballantyne, Annette Majnemer, Dianne Creighton, Junmin Yang, Reginald Sauve, Saroj Saigal, Prakesh Shah, Shoo K Lee
OBJECTIVES: Identify determinants of neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm children. METHODS: Prospective national cohort study of children born between 2009 and 2011 at <29 weeks gestational age, admitted to one of 28 Canadian neonatal intensive care units and assessed at a Canadian Neonatal Follow-up Network site at 21 months corrected age for cerebral palsy (CP), visual, hearing and developmental status using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-Third Edition (Bayley-III)...
October 6, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Nikolaus E Wolter, Sharon L Cushing, Luis D Vilchez Madrigal, Adrian L James, Jennifer Campos, Blake C Papsin, Karen A Gordon
OBJECTIVE: To determine if children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (UHL) demonstrate impaired balance compared with their normal hearing (NH) peers. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, case-control study. METHODS: Balance was assessed in14 UHL and 14 NH children using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test-2 (BOT-2) and time to fall (TTF) in an immersive, virtual-reality laboratory. Postural control was quantified by center of pressure (COP) using force plates...
September 30, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Stephanie Kletke, Vaishnavi Batmanabane, Tianyang Dai, Ajoy Vincent, Shuning Li, Karen A Gordon, Blake C Papsin, Sharon L Cushing, Elise Héon
The co-occurrence of hearing impairment and visual dysfunction is devastating. Most deaf-blind etiologies are genetically determined, the commonest being Usher syndrome (USH). While studies of the congenitally deaf population reveal a variable degree of visual problems, there are no effective ophthalmic screening guidelines. We hypothesized that children with congenital sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and vestibular impairment were at an increased risk of having Usher syndrome. A retrospective chart review of 33 cochlear implants recipients for severe to profound SNHL and measured vestibular dysfunction was done to determine the ocular phenotype...
October 15, 2016: Clinical Genetics
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Non-fatal outcomes of disease and injury increasingly detract from the ability of the world's population to live in full health, a trend largely attributable to an epidemiological transition in many countries from causes affecting children, to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) more common in adults. For the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we estimated the incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for diseases and injuries at the global, regional, and national scale over the period of 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
Noa Rozendorn, Michael Wolf, Arkadi Yakirevich, Yisgav Shapira, Eldar Carmel
BACKGROUND: Tympanic membrane perforation (TMP) may be caused by acute and chronic otitis media, trauma and iatrogenic reasons. The goal of myringoplasty is to achieve a dry, self-cleansing ear with intact TM while preserving hearing. Literature review of myringoplasty outcome demonstrates results with different success rates and affecting factors. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate TMP closure (TMPC) rate and hearing improvement and to assess the effect of clinical and surgical parameters on residual and recurrent perforation...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Hemanth Narayan Shetty, Vishal Koonoor
BACKGROUND: Past research has reported that children with repeated occurrences of otitis media at an early age have a negative impact on speech perception at a later age. The present study necessitates documenting the temporal and spectral processing on speech perception in noise from normal and atypical groups. OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluated the relation between speech perception in noise and temporal; and spectral processing abilities in children with normal and atypical groups...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Mingming Wang, Fengguo Zhang, Lei Xu, Yun Xiao, Jianfeng Li, Zhaomin Fan, Qian Sun, Xiaohui Bai, Haibo Wang
OBJECTIVE: To identify the disease-related SLC26A4 mutants in a Chinese Han pedigree associated with Enlarged vestibular aqueduct (EVA). METHODS: EVA diagnosis was based on the family history, clinical examinations, systematically audiometric evaluations, high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the temporal bone, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of inner ear. Sanger sequencing and mutation analysis of the SLC26A4 gene were performed in all members of this family to identify the disease-related SLC26A4 mutants...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Klaus Sarimski, Manfred Hintermair, Markus Lang
Social-Emotional Competence in Young Children with Hearing, Visual or Intellectual Impairments - an Explorative Study with the ITSEA Early emotional and social competence is considered as an important requirement for social participation in family and child care settings. We report on a study exploring the usefulness of the competence scales as a part of the "Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment" (ITSEA) for one- to three-year old children in a sample of 253 toddlers with hearing, visual or intellectual impairments...
October 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Sudipta Kar, Goutam Kundu, Shyamal Kumar Maiti, Chiranjit Ghosh, Badruddin Ahamed Bazmi, Santanu Mukhopadhyay
CONTEXT: Dental caries is one of the major modern-day diseases of dental hard tissue. It may affect both normal and hearing-impaired children. AIMS: This study is aimed to evaluate and compare the prevalence of dental caries in hearing-impaired and normal children of Malda, West Bengal, utilizing the Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: In a cross-sectional, case-control study of dental caries status of 6-12-year-old children was assessed...
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Junpei Koge, Shintaro Hayashi, Hiroo Yamaguchi, Takahisa Tateishi, Hiroyuki Murai, Jun-Ichi Kira
A 37-old-male with a history of early childhood mental retardation was admitted to our hospital. He experienced recurrent syncopes at 23 years old, and at age 35 gait disturbance and hearing impairment developed gradually and worsened over time. His grandparents were in a consanguineous marriage. He was of short stature and absent of tendon xanthomas. Neurological examinations revealed scanning speech, dysphagia, right sensorineural hearing loss, spasticity in both upper and lower extremities, and spastic gait...
September 28, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Joshua J Gnanasegaram, William J Parkes, Sharon L Cushing, Carmen L McKnight, Blake C Papsin, Karen A Gordon
Vestibular end organ impairment is highly prevalent in children who have sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) rehabilitated with cochlear implants (CIs). As a result, spatial perception is likely to be impacted in this population. Of particular interest is the perception of visual vertical because it reflects a perceptual tilt in the roll axis and is sensitive to an imbalance in otolith function. The objectives of the present study were thus to identify abnormalities in perception of the vertical plane in children with SNHL and determine whether such abnormalities could be resolved with stimulation from the CI...
2016: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
Lian van Berkel-van Hoof, Daan Hermans, Harry Knoors, Ludo Verhoeven
BACKGROUND: Augmentative signs may facilitate word learning in children with vocabulary difficulties, for example, children who are Deaf/Hard of Hearing (DHH) and children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI). Despite the fact that augmentative signs may aid second language learning in populations with a typical language development, empirical evidence in favor of this claim is lacking. AIMS: We aim to investigate whether augmentative signs facilitate word learning for DHH children, children with SLI, and typically developing (TD) children...
September 23, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Matthew L Hall, Inge-Marie Eigsti, Heather Bortfeld, Diane Lillo-Martin
Deaf children are often described as having difficulty with executive function (EF), often manifesting in behavioral problems. Some researchers view these problems as a consequence of auditory deprivation; however, the behavioral problems observed in previous studies may not be due to deafness but to some other factor, such as lack of early language exposure. Here, we distinguish these accounts by using the BRIEF EF parent report questionnaire to test for behavioral problems in a group of Deaf children from Deaf families, who have a history of auditory but not language deprivation...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Enrico Danzer, Casey Hoffman, Jo Ann D'Agostino, Marsha Gerdes, Judy Bernbaum, Ryan M Antiel, Natalie E Rintoul, Lisa M Herkert, Alan W Flake, N Scott Adzick, Holly L Hedrick
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate neurodevelopmental sequelae in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) children at 5years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study cohort of 35 CDH patients was enrolled in our follow-up program between 06/2004 and 09/2014. The neurodevelopmental outcomes assessed at a median of 5years (range, 4-6) included cognition (Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence [WPPSI], n=35), Visual-Motor-Integration (n=35), academic achievement (Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Achievement, n=25), and behavior problems (Child Behavior Check List [CBCL], n=26)...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Natalie Smith, Jean-Marie U-King-Im, Janaka Karalliedde
We describe a case of a delayed diagnosis of Pendred syndrome. The patient had a history of hearing loss from childhood and presented to the endocrine clinic when aged 32 with an enlarging goitre. The characteristic Mondini deformity was noted on auditory canal MRI scan. Genetic tests confirmed the diagnosis. Pendred syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder, characterised by congenital sensorineural hearing loss, goitre and impaired iodide organification and can present at any age. We highlight to the general physician the classical features of this syndrome that would aid early diagnosis...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Onyinyechi C Ukaegbe, Nnaemeka G Umedum, Ethel N Chime, Foster T Orji
OBJECTIVES: Despite a global improvement in health care delivery, rural areas in developing countries still have poor access to specialist care. This study aims to assess the occurrences of ear, nose, and throat (ENT) disorders among rural primary school children in south-eastern Nigeria. METHODS: Two rural primary schools were selected randomly from one of the rural regions of South Eastern State of Nigeria. All the pupils of the schools who gave consent were recruited...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Forest W Weir, Kathryn L Kreicher, Jonathan L Hatch, Shaun A Nguyen, Ted A Meyer
OBJECTIVE: The focus of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, type, and severity of hearing impairment in patients with Duane's Retraction Syndrome and to relate these measures to patient demographics and other otologic and audiologic factors. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective AudGen Database analysis SETTING: Tertiary academic referral center PATIENTS: Pediatric patients in AudGenDB with a diagnosis of Duane's Retraction Syndrome (DRS)...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Meredith J Cler, Yu-An S Lien, Maia N Braden, Talia Mittelman, Kerri Downing, Cara E Stepp
Purpose: This article describes the development and initial validation of an objective measure of nasal air emission (NAE) using nasal accelerometry. Method: Nasal acceleration and nasal airflow signals were simultaneously recorded while an expert speech language pathologist modeled NAEs at a variety of severity levels. In addition, microphone and nasal accelerometer signals were collected during the production of /pɑpɑpɑpɑ/ speech utterances by 25 children with and without cleft palate...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
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