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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712953/physical-activity-levels-in-children-with-sensory-problems-cross-sectional-analyses-from-the-millennium-cohort-study
#1
Genevieve Williams, Daniel Aggio, Brendon Stubbs, Shahina Pardhan, Benjamin Gardner, Lee Smith
BACKGROUND: Hearing and vision impairments/problems are associated with increased risk of premature mortality in adulthood. One potential pathway explaining this association is reduced levels of physical activity. Reductions in activity levels due to sensory impairments may commence earlier in life; however, associations between sensory impairments/problems and activity levels in childhood are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine associations between hearing and vision problems and objectively measured activity levels in a representative sample of British children...
July 11, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706081/brief-stimulus-exposure-fully-remediates-temporal-processing-deficits-induced-by-early-hearing-loss
#2
David B Green, Michelle M Mattingly, Yi Ye, Jennifer D Gay, Merri J Rosen
In childhood, partial hearing loss can produce prolonged deficits in speech perception and temporal processing. Early therapeutic interventions targeting temporal processing may improve later speech-related outcomes, however. Gap detection is a measure of auditory temporal resolution that relies on auditory cortex (ACx), and early auditory deprivation alters intrinsic and synaptic properties in ACx. Thus, early deprivation should induce deficits in gap detection, which should be reflected in ACx gap sensitivity...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704379/fractionating-nonword-repetition-the-contributions-of-short-term-memory-and-oromotor-praxis-are-different
#3
Saloni Krishnan, Katherine J Alcock, Daniel Carey, Lina Bergström, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Frederic Dick
The ability to reproduce novel words is a sensitive marker of language impairment across a variety of developmental disorders. Nonword repetition tasks are thought to reflect phonological short-term memory skills. Yet, when children hear and then utter a word for the first time, they must transform a novel speech signal into a series of coordinated, precisely timed oral movements. Little is known about how children's oromotor speed, planning and co-ordination abilities might influence their ability to repeat novel nonwords, beyond the influence of higher-level cognitive and linguistic skills...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701413/a-directly-comparative-two-gate-case-control-diagnostic-accuracy-study-of-the-pure-tone-screen-and-hearcheck-screener-tests-for-identifying-hearing-impairment-in-school-children
#4
Obioha C Ukoumunne, Chris Hyde, Mara Ozolins, Zhivko Zhelev, Sam Errington, Rod S Taylor, Claire Benton, Joanne Moody, Laura Cocking, Julian Watson, Heather Fortnum
OBJECTIVES: This study directly compared the accuracy of two audiometry-based tests for screening school children for hearing impairment: the currently used test, pure tone screen and a device newly applied to children, HearCheck Screener. DESIGN: Two-gate case-control diagnostic test accuracy study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Hearing impaired children ('intended cases') aged 4-6 years were recruited between February 2013 and August 2014 from collaborating audiology services...
July 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697517/-cochlear-implants-in-children-and-adults
#5
Thomas Zahnert, Dirk Mürbe
About 4000 patients receive a cochlear implant in Germany every year. Adults have become the main group for cochlear implantation candidacy.Elderly people with progressive and profound hearing loss experienced high communication restraints due to the limits of conventional hearing aids in the past. Nowadays cochlear implants can be offered as a well-established extension to the supply chain of hearing systems. The option of cochlear implantation for children with profound hearing impairment has led to a paradigm shift in hearing rehabilitation...
June 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697513/-prevalence-risk-factors-and-diagnostics-of-hearing-impairment-in-preterm-infants
#6
C Franck, W Vorwerk, A Köhn, A Rißmann, U Vorwerk
Introduction: The preterm birth is clearly associated with increased risk of developing congenital hearing impairment. Therefore, special attention must be paid to the postnatal control of auditory function in all preterm infants. The present work investigates if the latest scientific findings regarding prevalence, clinical diagnostics, therapy and risk factors of hearing impairment in premature infants are regularly implemented in daily practice. Methods: At the department of phoniatrics and pediatric audiology of the University Hospital of Magdeburg, the treatment data of 126 preterm children born between 2006 and 2011 were evaluated retrospectively...
June 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697000/evaluation-and-management-of-syndromic-congenital-hearing-loss
#7
Geoffrey Casazza, Jeremy D Meier
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to review the evaluation and management of children with syndromic hearing loss. Specific syndromes and the impact of those syndromes on managing hearing loss will be discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Improved molecular testing has increased the ability to identify syndromes-associated hearing loss. Accurate diagnosis of syndromic hearing loss can guide discussions regarding prognosis and appropriate management options for the hearing impairment...
July 10, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688560/speech-evoked-auditory-brainstem-responses-in-children-with-hearing-loss
#8
Amineh Koravand, Rida Al Osman, Véronique Rivest, Catherine Poulin
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the present study was to investigate subcortical auditory processing in children with sensorineural hearing loss. METHODS: Auditory Brainstem Responses (ABRs) were recorded using click and speech/da/stimuli. Twenty-five children, aged 6-14 years old, participated in the study: 13 with normal hearing acuity and 12 with sensorineural hearing loss. RESULTS: No significant differences were observed for the click-evoked ABRs between normal hearing and hearing-impaired groups...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687057/factors-influencing-speech-perception-in-noise-for-5-year-old-children-using-hearing-aids-or-cochlear-implants
#9
Teresa Yc Ching, Vicky W Zhang, Christopher Flynn, Lauren Burns, Laura Button, Sanna Hou, Karen McGhie, Patricia Van Buynder
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the factors influencing speech perception in babble for 5-year-old children with hearing loss who were using hearing aids (HAs) or cochlear implants (CIs). DESIGN: Speech reception thresholds (SRTs) for 50% correct identification were measured in two conditions - speech collocated with babble, and speech with spatially separated babble. The difference in SRTs between the two conditions give a measure of binaural unmasking, commonly known as spatial release from masking (SRM)...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685639/barriers-to-timely-diagnosis-and-treatment-for-children-with-hearing-impairment-in-a-southern-indian-city-a-qualitative-study-of-parents-and-clinic-staff
#10
Sri Vamshi Merugumala, Vijay Pothula, Max Cooper
OBJECTIVE: In low income countries, deaf children are identified late due to the absence of a universal screening. Hearing impairment is a common yet neglected disability in India that leads to loss of speech and language. This qualitative study explored barriers to accessing appropriate hearing services in one city in southern India. DESIGN: To identify the barriers in timely management of deafness, 25 semi-structured interviews were conducted. Data were examined using Applied Thematic Analysis...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680487/auditory-speech-perception-development-in-relation-to-patient-s-age-with-cochlear-implant
#11
Grace Kelly Seixas Ciscare, Erika Barioni Mantello, Carla Aparecida Urzedo Fortunato-Queiroz, Miguel Angelo Hyppolito, Ana Cláudia Mirândola Barbosa Dos Reis
Introduction  A cochlear implant in adolescent patients with pre-lingual deafness is still a debatable issue. Objective  The objective of this study is to analyze and compare the development of auditory speech perception in children with pre-lingual auditory impairment submitted to cochlear implant, in different age groups in the first year after implantation. Method  This is a retrospective study, documentary research, in which we analyzed 78 reports of children with severe bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, unilateral cochlear implant users of both sexes...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680270/parents-assessments-of-disability-in-their-children-using-world-health-organization-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-child-and-youth-version-joined-body-functions-and-activity-codes-related-to-everyday-life
#12
Niels Ove Illum, Kim Oren Gradel
AIM: To help parents assess disability in their own children using World Health Organization (WHO) International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Child and Youth Version (ICF-CY) code qualifier scoring and to assess the validity and reliability of the data sets obtained. METHOD: Parents of 162 children with spina bifida, spinal muscular atrophy, muscular disorders, cerebral palsy, visual impairment, hearing impairment, mental disability, or disability following brain tumours performed scoring for 26 body functions qualifiers (b codes) and activities and participation qualifiers (d codes)...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679263/music-perception-improves-in-children-with-bilateral-cochlear-implants-or-bimodal-devices
#13
Melissa J Polonenko, Sara Giannantonio, Blake C Papsin, Pasquale Marsella, Karen A Gordon
The objectives of this study were to determine if music perception by pediatric cochlear implant users can be improved by (1) providing access to bilateral hearing through two cochlear implants or a cochlear implant and a contralateral hearing aid (bimodal users) and (2) any history of music training. The Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Musical Ability test was presented via soundfield to 26 bilateral cochlear implant users, 8 bimodal users and 16 children with normal hearing. Response accuracy and reaction time were recorded via an iPad application...
June 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661078/centre-level-variation-in-speech-outcome-and-interventions-and-factors-associated-with-poor-speech-outcomes-in-5-year-old-children-with-non-syndromic-unilateral-cleft-lip-and%C3%A2-palate-the-cleft-care-uk-study-part-4
#14
D Sell, L Southby, Y Wren, A K Wills, A Hall, O Mahmoud, A Waylen, J R Sandy, A R Ness
OBJECTIVES: To investigate centre-level variation in speech intervention and outcome and factors associated with a speech disorder in children in Cleft Care UK (CCUK). SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Two hundred and sixty-eight 5-year-old British children with non-syndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate recruited to CCUK. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Centre-based therapists undertook audio-video recordings. Perceptual analysis was undertaken using the CAPS-A tool...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659836/a-deficit-in-movement-derived-sentences-in-german-speaking-hearing-impaired-children
#15
Esther Ruigendijk, Naama Friedmann
Children with hearing impairment (HI) show disorders in syntax and morphology. The question is whether and how these disorders are connected to problems in the auditory domain. The aim of this paper is to examine whether moderate to severe hearing loss at a young age affects the ability of German-speaking orally trained children to understand and produce sentences. We focused on sentence structures that are derived by syntactic movement, which have been identified as a sensitive marker for syntactic impairment in other languages and in other populations with syntactic impairment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652589/congenital-deafness-is-associated-with-specific-somatosensory-deficits-in-adolescents
#16
Rabih Moshourab, Valérie Bégay, Christiane Wetzel, Jan Walcher, Steven Middleton, Manfred Gross, Gary R Lewin
Hearing and touch represent two distinct sensory systems that both rely on the transformation of mechanical force into electrical signals. Here we used a battery of quantitative sensory tests to probe touch, thermal and pain sensitivity in a young control population (14-20 years old) compared to age-matched individuals with congenital hearing loss. Sensory testing was performed on the dominant hand of 111 individuals with normal hearing and 36 with congenital hearing loss. Subjects with congenital deafness were characterized by significantly higher vibration detection thresholds at 10 Hz (2-fold increase, P < 0...
June 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650353/the-effect-of-hearing-loss-on-novel-word-learning-in-infant-and-adult-directed-speech
#17
V Susie Robertson, Deborah von Hapsburg, Jessica S Hay
OBJECTIVES: Relatively little is known about how young children with hearing impairment (HI) learn novel words in infant- and adult-directed speech (ADS). Infant-directed speech (IDS) supports word learning in typically developing infants relative to ADS. This study examined how children with normal hearing (NH) and children with HI learn novel words in IDS and ADS. It was predicted that IDS would support novel word learning in both groups of children. In addition, children with HI were expected to be less proficient word learners as compared with their NH peers...
June 22, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639843/characteristics-of-children-with-unilateral-hearing-loss
#18
Elizabeth M Fitzpatrick, Rakan S Al-Essa, JoAnne Whittingham, Jessica Fitzpatrick
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics of children with unilateral hearing loss (UHL), examine deterioration in hearing, and explore amplification decisions. DESIGN: Population-based data were collected prospectively from time of diagnosis. Serial audiograms and amplification details were retrospectively extracted from clinical charts to document the trajectory and management of hearing loss. SAMPLE: The study included all children identified with UHL in one region of Canada over a 13-year period (2003-2015) after implementation of universal newborn hearing screening...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635504/applying-rasch-model-analysis-in-the-development-of-the-cantonese-tone-identification-test-cantit
#19
Kathy Y S Lee, Joffee H S Lam, Kit T Y Chan, Charles Andrew van Hasselt, Michael C F Tong
OBJECTIVE: Applying Rasch analysis to evaluate the internal structure of a lexical tone perception test known as the Cantonese Tone Identification Test (CANTIT). DESIGN: A 75-item pool (CANTIT-75) with pictures and sound tracks was developed. Respondents were required to make a four-alternative forced choice on each item. A short version of 30 items (CANTIT-30) was developed based on fit statistics, difficulty estimates, and content evaluation. Internal structure was evaluated by fit statistics and Rasch Factor Analysis (RFA)...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630972/using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-in-assessment-and-intervention-of-school-aged-children-with-language-impairments
#20
Carol Westby, Karla N Washington
Purpose: The aim of this tutorial is to support speech-language pathologists' (SLPs') application of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in assessment and treatment practices with children with language impairment. Method: This tutorial reviews the framework of the ICF, describes the implications of the ICF for SLPs, distinguishes between students' capacity to perform a skill in a structured context and the actual performance of that skill in naturalistic contexts, and provides a case study of an elementary school child to demonstrate how the principles of the ICF can guide assessment and intervention...
June 18, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
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