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Deaf child*

Gill Datta, Pádraig T Kitterick, Jayne Ramirez-Inscoe
OBJECTIVES: Clinicians face considerable challenges in setting appropriate auditory goals for babies and young children who receive cochlear implants. This paper describes the rationale, organization, implementation, and validation of the Nottingham Auditory Milestones profile that was developed to address these challenges. METHODS: The use of the profile has been fully integrated into the postoperative pathway at the Nottingham Auditory Implant Programme since 2009...
March 22, 2018: Cochlear Implants International
Ricardo F Bento, Fayez Bahmad, Miguel A Hippolyto, Sady S Da Costa
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Effective hearing rehabilitation with cochlear implantation is challenging in developing countries, and this review focuses on strategies for childhood profound sensorineural hearing loss care in South America. RECENT FINDINGS: Most global hearing loss exists in developing countries; optimal cost-effective management strategies are essential in these environments. This review aims to assess and discuss the challenges of cochlear implantation effectiveness in South America...
March 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Yan Hao, Dawei Chen, Zhiguo Zhang, Ping Zhou, Yunxia Cao, Zhaolian Wei, Xiaofeng Xu, Beili Chen, Weiwei Zou, Mingrong Lv, Dongmei Ji, Xiaojin He
Hearing loss may place a heavy burden on the patient and patient's family. Given the high incidence of hearing loss among newborns and the huge cost of treatment and care (including cochlear implantation), prenatal diagnosis is strongly recommended. Termination of the fetus may be considered as an extreme outcome to the discovery of a potential deaf fetus, and therefore preimplantation genetic diagnosis has become an important option for avoiding the birth of affected children without facing the risk of abortion following prenatal diagnosis...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Lozina Shoaib, Sharifullah Khan, Muhammad Azeem Abbas, Ahmad Salman
OBJECTIVE: To mitigate the communication barriers of profound hearing-impaired children by enabling their word articulation ability. METHODS: This pre-experimental pilot study was conducted from September 2016 to March 2017 at the National Special Education Centre for Hearing Impaired Children, Islamabad, Pakistan, and comprised deaf children of both genders aged 5-8 years. A specially designed software application for lip-reading was employed to help the subjects articulate words...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Joshua Shaw
This essay considers one argument used to defend parents who use preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) to select for deafness and other disabilities. Some bioethicists have argued that a distinction should be drawn between genetically modifying embryos to possess disabilities and using PGD to select embryos that already present markers of them, and that the former is unethical because it inflicts avoidable harms onto the resulting children, whereas the latter is permissible because it allows children with potentially impaired abilities to exist...
April 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
Adam Schembri, Jordan Fenlon, Kearsy Cormier, Trevor Johnston
This paper examines the possible relationship between proposed social determinants of morphological 'complexity' and how this contributes to linguistic diversity, specifically via the typological nature of the sign languages of deaf communities. We sketch how the notion of morphological complexity, as defined by Trudgill (2011), applies to sign languages. Using these criteria, sign languages appear to be languages with low to moderate levels of morphological complexity. This may partly reflect the influence of key social characteristics of communities on the typological nature of languages...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Liesbeth Matthijs, Stefan Hardonk, Jasmina Sermijn, Martine Van Puyvelde, Greg Leigh, Mieke Van Herreweghe, Gerrit Loots
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Kye Hoon Park, Won-Ho Chung, Hunki Kwon, Jong-Min Lee
This study compared white matter development in prelingually deaf and normal-hearing children using a tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) method. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was performed in 21 prelingually deaf (DEAF group) and 20 normal-hearing (HEAR group) subjects aged from 1.7 to 7.7 years. Using TBSS, we evaluated the regions of significant difference in fractional anisotropy (FA) between the groups. Correlations between FA values and age in each group were also analyzed using voxel-wise correlation analyses on the TBSS skeleton...
2018: BioMed Research International
Xing Lu, Zhaobing Qin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate early auditory performance, speech perception and language skills in Mandarin-speaking prelingual deaf children in the first two years after they received a cochlear implant (CI) and analyse the effects of possible associated factors. METHODS: The Infant-Toddler Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (ITMAIS)/Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (MAIS), Mandarin Early Speech Perception (MESP) test and Putonghua Communicative Development Inventory (PCDI) were used to assess auditory and language outcomes in 132 Mandarin-speaking children pre- and post-implantation...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Arno Vogel
Cochlear implantation in children with deaf or severely hearing-impaired parents is possible. It is necessary to organize intensive auditory-verbal training before the children undergo implantation. Success of the children depends on mediators supporting the parents. These children grow up bilingually: sign language and spoken language. They can attend schools for the hard-of-hearing or regular schools for the hearing.
March 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Annemarie Vesseur, Rolien Free, Chantal Snels, Friedo Dekker, Emmanuel Mylanus, Berit Verbist, Johan Frijns
OBJECTIVE: To answer the dilemma clinician's face when deciding between cochlear implant (CI) and auditory brainstem implant (ABI) treatment options in patients with cochlear nerve deficiency (CND). STUDY DESIGN: Case study supplemented with literature review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): Child with CHARGE syndrome and congenital deafness. INTERVENTION(S): ABI as there was no benefit after bilateral cochlear implantation...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Zhen Zhang, Quan-Dong Chen, Li-Ping Zhao, Jing Ma, Tie-Song Zhang, Jing-Xue Pang, Yang-Fang Li, Mei-Fen Wang, Ai-Ping Wang, Li Tang, Li-Jun Li, Wen-Ji He, Huaiyu Gu
Deafness and hearing loss may have functional, economic, social and emotional impacts on humans, including the ability of an individual to communicate with others, feelings of isolation and frustration, and health sector costs. The World Health Organization reported that there are 32 million children worldwide with hearing loss. In order to investigate genetic mutations in children of 26 nationalities with hearing loss in Yunnan, Sanger sequencing was employed to screen for mutations in four of the most common pathological genes, including gap junction protein β2 and 3, solute carrier family 26 member 4 and mitochondrial DNA...
February 22, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Mun Young Chang, Chung Lee, Jin Hee Han, Min Young Kim, Hye-Rim Park, Nayoung Kim, Woong-Yang Park, Doo Yi Oh, Byung Yoon Choi
BACKGROUND: MYO15A variants, except those in the N-terminal domain, have been shown to be associated with congenital or pre-lingual severe-to-profound hearing loss (DFNB3), which ultimately requires cochlear implantation in early childhood. Recently, such variants have also been shown to possibly cause moderate-to-severe hearing loss. Herein, we also demonstrate that some MYO15A mutant alleles can cause postlingual onset of progressive partial deafness. METHODS: Two multiplex Korean families (SB246 and SB224), manifesting postlingual, progressive, partial deafness in an autosomal recessive fashion, were recruited...
February 27, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
Cara L Wong, Teresa Y Ching, Jessica Whitfield, Jill Duncan
The study explored the social capital of Australian adolescents who were deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) and their parents, and investigated the relationship between social capital and individual characteristics, language, literacy, and psychosocial outcomes. Sixteen adolescents (ages 11-14 years) and 24 parents enrolled in the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment (LOCHI) study completed an online questionnaire on social capital and psychosocial outcomes. Information about demographics, language, and literacy was retrieved from the LOCHI study database...
2018: American Annals of the Deaf
Francesca Forli, Giada Giuntini, Annalisa Ciabotti, Luca Bruschini, Ulrika Löfkvist, Stefano Berrettini
OBJECTIVES: To compare the results after cochlear implantation achieved by monolingual and bilingual deaf children implanted at our Institution, with the aim of understanding if there are any differences between the two groups and if there is a correlation between the outcomes and some patients' variables. METHODS: The study group was composed by 14 bilingual deaf children and the control group by the same number of monolingual children implanted at our Institution...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Bee-See Goh, Noraziana Fadzilah, Asma Abdullah, Basyariatul Fathi Othman, Cila Umat
OBJECTIVES: Cochlear implant (CI) greatly enhances auditory performance as compared to hearing aids and has dramatically affected the educational and communication outcomes for profoundly deaf children. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) pioneered CI program in 1995 in the South East Asia. We would like to report the long-term outcomes of UKM paediatric cochlear implantation in terms of: the proportion of children who were implanted and still using the device, the children's modes of communication, their educational placements, and their functional auditory/oral performance...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Melissa McCarthy, Greg Leigh, Michael Arthur-Kelly
Introduction The use of telepractice, a method of delivering services through telecommunications technologies that provides two-way, synchronous audio and video signals in real-time, is becoming increasingly commonplace in early childhood education and intervention for children who are deaf or hard of hearing. Although the use of telepractice has been validated in the health sector as a viable and effective alternative to in-person service provision, evidence to support its use in the delivery of family-centred early intervention is still emerging...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Swapnil Verma, A K Sathpathy, U Srinivas, Sanath Reddy
Methaemoglobinaemia is a rare but potentially dangerous haemoglobinopathy that is often underdiagnosed. It is one of the causes for unexplained cyanosis with dark-coloured blood, especially in the absence of cardiac or pulmonary pathology. Not uncommonly so, it is an incidental perioperative finding in cases of dark-coloured blood not improving with oxygen in apparently acyanotic patients. The present case report is of a child with deaf-mutism posted for cochlear implant surgery who presented with 'chocolate-coloured blood' in the surgical field, despite blood gas analysis showing a normal partial pressure of oxygen...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Emma Cb Wall, Katherine Mb Ajdukiewicz, Hanna Bergman, Robert S Heyderman, Paul Garner
BACKGROUND: Every day children and adults die from acute community-acquired bacterial meningitis, particularly in low-income countries, and survivors risk deafness, epilepsy and neurological disabilities. Osmotic therapies may attract extra-vascular fluid and reduce cerebral oedema, and thus reduce death and improve neurological outcomes.This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of osmotic therapies added to antibiotics for acute bacterial meningitis in children and adults on mortality, deafness and neurological disability...
February 6, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Astrid van Wieringen, An Boudewyns, Anouk Sangen, Jan Wouters, Christian Desloovere
The estimated incidence of sensorineural hearing impairment (>40 dB HL) at birth is 1.86 per 1000 newborns in developed countries and 30-40% of these are unilateral. Profound sensorineural unilateral hearing impairment or single sided deafness (SSD) can be treated with a cochlear implant. However, this treatment is costly and invasive and unnecessary in the eyes of many. Very young children with SSD often do not exhibit language and cognitive delays and it is hard to imagine that neurocognitive skills will present difficulties with one good ear...
January 30, 2018: Hearing Research
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