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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771080/-analysis-of-related-factors-of-coins-foreign-bodies-crossing-the-esophagus-in-204-cases-of-children
#1
M M Ni, L Liu, R Zhao, M Nie, X H Yang
Objective: To evaluate the effect of systemic and intratympanic dexamethasone combination therapy on sudden deafness. Method: A total of 98 patients randomly divided into three groups: an intravenous corticosteroid (systemic corticosteroid monotherapy group); an intratympanic corticosteroid (IT monotherapy group); and a combination therapy group (IT plus systemic combination group). All patients were treated additionally with ginkgo-damole and mecobalamine and proton pomp inhibitor. An audiometry was performed before and after the therapies in all patients...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767737/recent-issues-in-the-use-of-signed-language-assessments-for-diagnosis-of-language-disorders-in-signing-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-children
#2
Jon Henner, Rama Novogrodsky, Jeanne Reis, Robert Hoffmeister
In recent years, normed signed language assessments have become a useful tool for researchers, practitioners, and advocates. Nevertheless, there are limitations in their application, particularly for the diagnosis of language disorders, and learning disabilities. Here, we discuss some of the available normed, signed language assessments and some of their limitations. We have also provided information related to practices that should lead to improvement in the quality of signed language assessments.
May 15, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764576/-nipbl-gene-mutations-in-two-children-with-cornelia-de-lange-syndrome
#3
Yun-Jing Zhao, Hong-Wei Ma
Both children (one boy and one girl) experienced disease onset in infancy and visited the hospital due to growth retardation. They had unusual facies including thick hair, arched and confluent eyebrows, long and curly eyelashes, short nose, and micrognathia. Patient 1 had congenital heart disease (atrial septal defect and pulmonary stenosis) and special dermatoglyph (a single palmar crease). Patient 2 had cleft palate and moderate-to-severe deafness. Clinical features suggested Cornelia de Lange syndrome in both children...
May 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761951/-research-on-cortical-cross-modal-reorganization-of-children-with-congenital-severe-deafness-after-cochlear-implant
#4
Xianjun Wang, Maojin Liang, Junpeng Zhang, Hua Huang, Yiqing Zheng
Cochlear implant (CI) is the only method for efficacious treatment of congenital severe deafness at present. However, for children with congenital severe deafness after CI, the mechanism of the structural and functional changes of their cerebral cortex is not clear. This study was based on the cross-modal reorganization of deaf patients. Event related potential (ERP) and source localization technique were used to visualize the change of cortical activity in children with congenital severe deafness during 1-year period (0, 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after CI)...
October 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761835/attention-to-speech-and-spoken-language-development-in-deaf-children-with-cochlear-implants-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#5
Yuanyuan Wang, Carissa L Shafto, Derek M Houston
Early auditory/language experience plays an important role in language development. In this study, we examined the effects of severe-to-profound hearing loss and subsequent cochlear implantation on the development of attention to speech in children with cochlear implants (CIs). In addition, we investigated the extent to which attention to speech may predict spoken language development in children with CIs. We tested children with CIs and compared them to chronologically age-matched peers with normal hearing (NH) on their attention to speech at four time points post implantation; specifically, less than 1 month, 3 to 6 months, 12 months, and 18 months post implantation...
May 15, 2018: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761735/spatial-release-from-masking-in-2-year-olds-with-normal-hearing-and-with-bilateral-cochlear-implants
#6
Christi L Hess, Sara M Misurelli, Ruth Y Litovsky
This study evaluated spatial release from masking (SRM) in 2- to 3-year-old children who are deaf and were implanted with bilateral cochlear implants (BiCIs), and in age-matched normal-hearing (NH) toddlers. Here, we examined whether early activation of bilateral hearing has the potential to promote SRM that is similar to age-matched NH children. Listeners were 13 NH toddlers and 13 toddlers with BiCIs, ages 27 to 36 months. Speech reception thresholds (SRTs) were measured for target speech in front (0°) and for competitors that were either Colocated in front (0°) or Separated toward the right (+90°)...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740190/does-duration-of-caffeine-therapy-in-preterm-infants-born-%C3%A2-1250-g-at-birth-influence-neurodevelopmental-nd-outcomes-at-3-years-of-age
#7
A Lodha, Y Rabi, A Soraisham, J Dobry, Arijit Lodha, H Amin, E Al Awad, S Tang, A Sahai, V Bhandari
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of duration of caffeine use on long-term neurodevelopmental (ND) outcomes at 3 years corrected age (CA) in preterm infants with birthweights (BW) ≤ 1250 g. DESIGN/METHODS: All surviving infants with BW ≤ 1250 g admitted to the Foothills Medical Center neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) from January 2002 to December 2009 who received the first dose of caffeine in the first week of life and were followed up at three years CA were included in the study...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740187/do-preterm-infants-with-a-birth-weight-%C3%A2-1250-g-born-to-single-parent-families-have-poorer-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-at-age-3-than-those-born-to-two-parent-families
#8
Abhay Lodha, Jahan Lakhani, Krystyna Ediger, Selphee Tang, Arijit Lodha, Vardhil Gandhi, Dianne Creighton
OBJECTIVE: Investigate neurodevelopmental outcomes at 3 years corrected age in infants with a birth weight ≤1250 g born to single parents. STUDY DESIGN: Infants born between 1995 and 2010 with a birth weight ≤1250 g were considered eligible. Primary outcome was neurodevelopmental impairment; considered present if a child had any of the following: cerebral palsy, cognitive delay, visual impairment, or deafness/neurosensory hearing impairment. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733358/friendship-and-emotion-control-in-pre-adolescents-with-or-without-hearing-loss
#9
Carolien Rieffe, Evelien Broekhof, Adva Eichengreen, Maartje Kouwenberg, Guida Veiga, Brenda M S da Silva, Anneke van der Laan, Johan H M Frijns
Emotional functioning plays a crucial role in the social development of children and adolescents. We examined the extent to which emotion control was related to the quality of friendships in pre-adolescents with and without hearing loss. We tested 350 pre-adolescents (75 deaf/hard of hearing in mainstream education (DHHm), 48 deaf/hard of hearing in special education (DHHs), and 227 hearing) through self-report. Outcomes confirmed a positive association between emotion control and positive friendships for all groups, with one notable exception: more approach strategies for emotion regulation were associated with more negative friendship features in the DHHs group...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732729/language-development-in-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-children-with-additional-disabilities-type-matters
#10
L Cupples, T Y C Ching, G Leigh, L Martin, M Gunnourie, L Button, V Marnane, S Hou, V Zhang, C Flynn, P Van Buynder
BACKGROUND: This study examined language development in young children with hearing loss and different types of additional disabilities (ADs). METHOD: A population-based cohort of 67 children who were enrolled in the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment study took part. Language ability was directly assessed at 3 and 5 years of age using the Preschool Language Scale, Fourth Edition and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Fourth Edition. Standard scores were used to enable comparison with age-based expectations for typically developing children...
June 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731473/deaf-children-and-their-families-sustainability-sign-language-and-equality
#11
Alys Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731472/the-impact-of-language-input-on-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-preschool-children-who-use-listening-and-spoken-language
#12
Ronda Rufsvold, Ye Wang, Maria C Hartman, Sonia B Arora, Elaine R Smolen
The researchers investigated the effects of adult language input on the quantity of language, vocabulary development, and understanding of basic concepts of deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) children who used listening and spoken language. Using audio recording and Language ENvironment Analysis (LENA) software, the study involved 30 preschool DHH children who used spoken language as their communication modality and 11 typically hearing same-age peers. The children's language and the language spoken to them during all waking hours over a 2-day period (16 hours per day) were recorded and analyzed quantitatively and were compared to the children's performance on the Boehm Test of Basic Concepts and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test...
2018: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730660/perinatal-outcome-and-long-term-neurodevelopment-after-intracranial-haemorrhage-due-to-fetal-and-neonatal-alloimmune-thrombocytopenia
#13
Dian Winkelhorst, Marije M Kamphuis, Sylke J Steggerda, Monique Rijken, Dick Oepkes, Enrico Lopriore, Jeanine M M van Klink
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the perinatal and long-term neurodevelopmental outcome in a cohort of children with intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) due to fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) and to clearly outline the burden of this disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We performed an observational cohort study and included all consecutive cases of ICH caused by FNAIT from 1993 to 2015 at Leiden University Medical Centre. Neurological, motor, and cognitive development were assessed at a minimum age of 1 year...
May 4, 2018: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728186/passive-sentence-comprehension-difficulties-and-its-related-factors-in-children-with-cochlear-implants
#14
Youngmee Lee, Jee Eun Sung, Hyunsub Sim
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to investigate which syntactic structures, from active and passive sentences, sensitively differentiate children with cochlear implants (CIs) from children with normal hearing (NH), to explore the correlations among working memory (WM) and other factors for each group, and to examine predictors of the active and passive sentence scores for both groups. METHODS: Twenty deaf children with CIs and 20 children with NH, aged 8-14 years, were included in this study...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728185/surgical-timing-for-bilateral-simultaneous-cochlear-implants-when-is-best
#15
Sebastiano Franchella, Roberto Bovo, Luigia Bandolin, Flavia Gheller, Silvia Montino, Daniele Borsetto, Sara Ghiselli, Alessandro Martini
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss is considered the most common congenital disease and the prevalence of neonatal deafness can be estimated between 1 and 2 cases per 1000 live births. Infant deafness must be diagnosed as early as possible and an effective therapeutic intervention needs to be carried out in order to avoid the serious consequences of hearing deprivation during the evolutionary period: alterations in the development of central auditory pathways and lack of language acquisition...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723069/prosodic-and-segmental-aspects-of-nonword-repetition-in-4-to-6-year-old-children-who-are-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-compared-to-controls-with-normal-hearing
#16
Simon Sundström, Ulrika Löfkvist, Björn Lyxell, Christina Samuelsson
Children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) are at an increased risk of speech and language deficits. Nonword repetition (NWR) is a potential predictor of problems with phonology, grammar and lexicon in DHH children. The aim of the present study was to examine repetition of prosodic features and segments in nonwords by DHH children compared to children with normal hearing (NH) and to relate NWR performance to measures of language ability and background variables. In this cross-sectional study, 14 Swedish-speaking children with mild-profound sensorineural hearing loss, aged 4-6 years, and 29 age-matched controls with NH and typical language development participated...
May 3, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719644/contrast-sensitivity-abnormalities-in-deaf-individuals
#17
Masoud Khorrami-Nejad, Javad Heravian, Farshad Askarizadeh, Davood Sobhani-Rad
Purpose: Hearing impaired children are heavily dependent on their sense of vision to develop efficient communication skills; any contrast sensitivity defect can negatively impact their lives because they are not able to use auditory stimuli to recognize probable dangers in the world around them. The purpose of this study was to determine the contrast sensitivity abnormalities in deaf individuals. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, contrast sensitivity of 15- to 20-year-old high-school boys with hearing disability from Tehran, Iran were evaluated...
April 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718280/early-communication-development-of-children-with-auditory-brainstem-implants
#18
Laurie S Eisenberg, Dianne Hammes Ganguly, Amy S Martinez, Laurel M Fisher, Margaret E Winter, Jamie L Glater, Debra K Schrader, Janice Loggins, Eric P Wilkinson
The auditory brainstem implant (ABI) is an auditory sensory device that is surgically placed on the cochlear nucleus of the brainstem for individuals who are deaf but unable to benefit from a cochlear implant (CI) due to anatomical abnormalities of the cochlea and/or eighth nerve, specific disease processes, or temporal bone fractures. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration has authorized a Phase I clinical trial to determine safety and feasibility of the ABI in up to 10 eligible young children who are deaf and either derived no benefit from the CI or were anatomically unable to receive a CI...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716437/the-relationship-between-spectral-modulation-detection-and-speech-recognition-adult-versus-pediatric-cochlear-implant-recipients
#19
René H Gifford, Jack H Noble, Stephen M Camarata, Linsey W Sunderhaus, Robert T Dwyer, Benoit M Dawant, Mary S Dietrich, Robert F Labadie
Adult cochlear implant (CI) recipients demonstrate a reliable relationship between spectral modulation detection and speech understanding. Prior studies documenting this relationship have focused on postlingually deafened adult CI recipients-leaving an open question regarding the relationship between spectral resolution and speech understanding for adults and children with prelingual onset of deafness. Here, we report CI performance on the measures of speech recognition and spectral modulation detection for 578 CI recipients including 477 postlingual adults, 65 prelingual adults, and 36 prelingual pediatric CI users...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713121/-his-whole-nature-requires-development-education-school-life-and-deafness-in-wales-1850-1914
#20
Mike Mantin
The history of deaf education has focused heavily on one major issue: the role of sign language and the rise of oralism as a means of suppressing the use of signs. This was a crucial debate which affected the lives of deaf children, informed social and cultural attitudes towards deafness and in many cases spurred resistance from deaf communities. However, other aspects of daily school life and the curriculum of Victorian and Edwardian deaf schools have rarely been commented upon. Focusing on the Cambrian Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, Wales' first deaf institution, this article will examine the teaching of writing and moral, religious and industrial education, all of which constructed an image of the intellectual and moral capabilities of the deaf child...
November 2017: Social History of Medicine: the Journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine
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