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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810498/late-emotional-effects-of-rehabilitation-during-childhood-and-their-impact-on-coping-with-deafness-in-adulthood
#1
Adva Eichengreen, Dan Hoofien
This study examined potential influences of childhood rehabilitation and over-normalization on coping with disability in adulthood. A total of 88 deaf and hard-of-hearing students were interviewed retrospectively about their childhood and completed self-report questionnaires assessing psychological environment-directedness and present emotional and behavioral coping with deafness. It was partially supported that over-normative parental attitude negatively affected coping with deafness through the mediation of elevated environment-directedness...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801085/measuring-in-vivo-cerebral-maturation-using-age-related-t2-relaxation-times-at-3t
#2
Eva Bültmann, Loukia M Spineli, Hans Hartmann, Heinrich Lanfermann
OBJECTIVE: To examine age-related changes in T2 relaxation times during infancy and childhood in order to assess T2 values obtained from routine MRI as a biomarker. METHODS: From our pool of clinical pediatric MRI examinations at 3T all patients with normal conventional MRI scans were retrospectively selected. Depending on their clinical findings the identified 99 patients (0-199months) were divided into 43 healthy controls and 56 diseased children with various clinical abnormalities (developmental delay, epilepsy, prematurity, and deafness)...
August 8, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799409/use-of-the-brief-shame-and-guilt-questionnaire-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-children-and-adolescents
#3
Evelien Broekhof, Maartje Kouwenberg, Paul Oosterveld, Johan H M Frijns, Carolien Rieffe
No assessment tools are available to measure shame and guilt in children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH), while these self-conscious emotions might play a role in the frequently noted social and behavioral problems in this group. Therefore, the aim of this study was to validate the Brief Shame and Guilt Questionnaire (BSGQ) in DHH children. In addition, we examined associations of shame and guilt with social anxiety, self-esteem, delinquency, and psychopathic behaviors. A sum of 225 hearing ( Mage = 11...
August 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777229/the-modified-rambo-transcanal-approach-for-cochlear-implantation-in-charge-syndrome
#4
Cameron C Wick, Amy M Moore, Daniel E Killeen, Brandon Isaacson
OBJECTIVE: CHARGE syndrome is associated with a variety of temporal bone anomalies and deafness. The lack of surgical landmarks and facial nerve irregularities make cochlear implantation in this population a challenging endeavor. This study aims to describe a safe and efficacious transcanal approach for cochlear implantation that obviates the need to perform a mastoidectomy and facial recess. PATIENTS: Three children with profound hearing loss secondary to CHARGE syndrome...
August 2, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776715/cost-effectiveness-of-pediatric-bilateral-cochlear-implantation-in-spain
#5
Jorge Pérez-Martín, Miguel A Artaso, Francisco J Díez
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To determine the incremental cost-effectiveness of bilateral versus unilateral cochlear implantation for 1-year-old children suffering from bilateral sensorineural severe to profound hearing loss from the perspective of the Spanish public health system. STUDY DESIGN: Cost-utility analysis. METHODS: We conducted a general-population survey to estimate the quality-of-life increase contributed by the second implant. We built a Markov influence diagram and evaluated it for a life-long time horizon with a 3% discount rate in the base case...
August 4, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764293/the-serological-evidence-of-cytomegalovirus-infection-as-a-potent-aetiological-factor-for-cleft-lip-palate-mental-retardation-and-deafness
#6
D V Divya, Madu Ghana Shyam Prasad, Ambati Naga Radhakrishna, S Pavani Reddy, K Pratyusha, K V K Santosh Kumar, R V Sandeep
INTRODUCTION: Congenital Cytomegalovirus (CCMV) infection is estimated to occur in 0.5% to 2% of all deliveries across the world. According to the available literature about Human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infected children, 0.5% to 1% acquire Cytomegalovirus (CMV) in utero, 40% acquire the infection within the first decade of life, between 15% to 70% acquire CMV infection in group day care settings and continue to shed the virus for 6 to 48 months after primary infection. Although, 90% of the infected infants are clinically asymptomatic at birth, shreds of evidence show that these infants are at risk for audiological, neurological, and developmental sequelae...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759420/opportunities-and-shared-decision-making-to-help-children-who-are-deaf-to-communicate
#7
Karl R White, Louis Z Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753163/cortical-processing-of-vocal-and-nonvocal-sounds-in-cochlear-implanted-children-an-electrophysiological-study
#8
David Bakhos, John Galvin, Sylvie Roux, Emmanuel Lescanne, Nicole Bruneau
OBJECTIVES: For prelingually deaf children, cochlear implants (CIs) can restore auditory input to the auditory cortex and the ability to acquire spoken language. Language development is strongly intertwined with voice perception. The aim of this electrophysiological study was to investigate human voice processing using measures of cortical auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) in pediatric CI users. DESIGN: Cortical AEPs were measured in 8 CI children (4 to 12 years old) with good auditory and language performance and 8 normal-hearing (NH) age-matched controls...
July 27, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752319/lower-limb-muscle-activity-during-gait-in-individuals-with-hearing-loss
#9
Mahdi Majlesi, Elaheh Azadian, Nader Farahpour, Amir Ali Jafarnezhad, Hosein Rashedi
The objective of this study was to investigate the electrical activity of lower limb muscles during gait in an able-bodied control group and in deaf individuals. Thirty male children were equally divided into a control group and a group of deaf children. A portable EMG system was used to record the activity of the bilateral tibialis anterior, gastrocnemius medialis and vastus lateralis muscles during barefoot walking with and without dual task. For EMG analysis, the average root mean square (RMS) values of the five trials were calculated and then normalized based on the peak RMS obtained by the maximum isometric voluntary contraction...
July 27, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736417/choosing-flourishing-toward-a-more-binocular-way-of-thinking-about-disability
#10
Erik Parens
There is a long-standing debate between people who can seem to be arguing "for" and "against" disability. Those arguing for have often been disability scholars and those arguing against have often been utilitarian philosophers. At least since the mid-2000s, some on both sides have sought to move beyond that debate, but that has proved difficult. Here I seek two small steps forward. One step is critical, and is aimed at we who line up "for" disability. Specifically, I suggest that the phrase "choosing disability" is misleading in at least two ways...
2017: Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735268/early-surgery-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-children-born-extremely-preterm
#11
Rodney W Hunt, Leah M Hickey, Alice C Burnett, Peter J Anderson, Jeanie Ling Yoong Cheong, Lex W Doyle, Rodney W Hunt
OBJECTIVES: To (1) compare the neurodevelopmental outcomes at 8 years of age of children born extremely preterm (EP) who underwent surgical procedures during the course of their initial hospital admission with those who did not and (2) compare the outcomes across eras, from 1991 to 2005. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort studies conducted over three different eras (1991-1992, 1997 and 2005). Surviving EP children, who required surgical intervention during the primary hospitalisation, were assessed for general intelligence (IQ) and neurosensory status at 8 years of age...
July 22, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727651/visual-processing-recruits-the-auditory-cortices-in-prelingually-deaf-children-and-influences-cochlear-implant-outcomes
#12
Maojin Liang, Yuebo Chen, Fei Zhao, Junpeng Zhang, Jiahao Liu, Xueyuan Zhang, Yuexin Cai, Suijun Chen, Xianghui Li, Ling Chen, Yiqing Zheng
OBJECTIVE: Although visual processing recruitment of the auditory cortices has been reported previously in prelingually deaf children who have a rapidly developing brain and no auditory processing, the visual processing recruitment of auditory cortices might be different in processing different visual stimuli and may affect cochlear implant (CI) outcomes. METHODS: Ten prelingually deaf children, 4 to 6 years old, were recruited for the study. Twenty prelingually deaf subjects, 4 to 6 years old with CIs for 1 year, were also recruited; 10 with well-performing CIs, 10 with poorly performing CIs...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724130/early-postimplant-speech-perception-and-language-skills-predict-long-term-language-and-neurocognitive-outcomes-following-pediatric-cochlear-implantation
#13
Cynthia R Hunter, William G Kronenberger, Irina Castellanos, David B Pisoni
Purpose: We sought to determine whether speech perception and language skills measured early after cochlear implantation in children who are deaf, and early postimplant growth in speech perception and language skills, predict long-term speech perception, language, and neurocognitive outcomes. Method: Thirty-six long-term users of cochlear implants, implanted at an average age of 3.4 years, completed measures of speech perception, language, and executive functioning an average of 14...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714704/planes-of-phenomenological-experience-the-psychology-of-deafness-as-an-early-example-of-american-gestalt-psychology-1928-1940
#14
Marion A Schmidt
When, in 1928, the Clarke School for the Deaf in Northampton, Massachusetts, opened a psychological research division, it was nothing unusual in a time fascinated with the sciences of education. Yet with its longstanding ties to Northampton's Smith College, the school was able to secure the collaboration of eminent Gestalt psychologist Kurt Koffka, who, in turn, engaged 2 more German-speaking emigrants, Margarete Eberhardt and social psychologist Fritz Heider, and Heider's American wife Grace Moore Heider. This collaboration has seen little attention from historians, who have treated Koffka's and Heider's time in Northampton as a transitory phase...
July 17, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702821/-bilateral-cochlear-implants
#15
REVIEW
J Müller
Cochlear implants (CI) are standard for the hearing rehabilitation of severe to profound deafness. Nowadays, if bilaterally indicated, bilateral implantation is usually recommended (in accordance with German guidelines). Bilateral implantation enables better speech discrimination in quiet and in noise, and restores directional and spatial hearing. Children with bilateral CI are able to undergo hearing-based hearing and speech development. Within the scope of their individual possibilities, bilaterally implanted children develop faster than children with unilateral CI and attain, e...
July 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691260/semantic-fluency-in-deaf-children-who-use-spoken-and-signed-language-in-comparison-with-hearing-peers
#16
C R Marshall, A Jones, A Fastelli, J Atkinson, N Botting, G Morgan
BACKGROUND: Deafness has an adverse impact on children's ability to acquire spoken languages. Signed languages offer a more accessible input for deaf children, but because the vast majority are born to hearing parents who do not sign, their early exposure to sign language is limited. Deaf children as a whole are therefore at high risk of language delays. AIMS: We compared deaf and hearing children's performance on a semantic fluency task. Optimal performance on this task requires a systematic search of the mental lexicon, the retrieval of words within a subcategory and, when that subcategory is exhausted, switching to a new subcategory...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689189/early-hearing-detection-and-vocabulary-of-children-with-hearing-loss
#17
Christine Yoshinaga-Itano, Allison L Sedey, Mallene Wiggin, Winnie Chung
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To date, no studies have examined vocabulary outcomes of children meeting all 3 components of the Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) guidelines (hearing screening by 1 month, diagnosis of hearing loss by 3 months, and intervention by 6 months of age). The primary purpose of the current study was to examine the impact of the current EHDI 1-3-6 policy on vocabulary outcomes across a wide geographic area. A secondary goal was to confirm the impact of other demographic variables previously reported to be related to language outcomes...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688572/visual-cortex-activation-decrement-following-cochlear-implantation-in-prelingual-deafened-children
#18
Jiahao Liu, Maojin Liang, Yuebo Chen, Yajing Wang, Yuexin Cai, Suijun Chen, Ling Chen, Xianghui Li, Zeheng Qiu, Jiajia Jiang, Junbo Wang, Yiqing Zheng
OBJECTIVE: Visual take-over of the auditory cortex in prelingual deaf children has been widely reported. However, there have been few studies on visual cortex plasticity after cochlear implantation (CI). In this study, we investigated the hypothesis that extrinsic auditory stimulation following CI in prelingual deafened children can induce visual cortex plasticity. METHOD: Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) were recorded in 37 CI children (4 groups with different use times) and 8 control subjects, in response to sound and nonsound stimuli...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688548/eeg-activity-as-an-objective-measure-of-cognitive-load-during-effortful-listening-a-study-on-pediatric-subjects-with-bilateral-asymmetric-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#19
Pasquale Marsella, Alessandro Scorpecci, Giulia Cartocci, Sara Giannantonio, Anton Giulio Maglione, Isotta Venuti, Ambra Brizi, Fabio Babiloni
OBJECTIVES: Deaf subjects with hearing aids or cochlear implants generally find it challenging to understand speech in noisy environments where a great deal of listening effort and cognitive load are invested. In prelingually deaf children, such difficulties may have detrimental consequences on the learning process and, later in life, on academic performance. Despite the importance of such a topic, currently, there is no validated test for the assessment of cognitive load during audiological tasks...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685639/barriers-to-timely-diagnosis-and-treatment-for-children-with-hearing-impairment-in-a-southern-indian-city-a-qualitative-study-of-parents-and-clinic-staff
#20
Sri Vamshi Merugumala, Vijay Pothula, Max Cooper
OBJECTIVE: In low income countries, deaf children are identified late due to the absence of a universal screening. Hearing impairment is a common yet neglected disability in India that leads to loss of speech and language. This qualitative study explored barriers to accessing appropriate hearing services in one city in southern India. DESIGN: To identify the barriers in timely management of deafness, 25 semi-structured interviews were conducted. Data were examined using Applied Thematic Analysis...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
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