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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100557/dual-sensory-impairment-in-special-schools-in-south-eastern-nigeria
#1
Ada E Aghaji, Richard Bowman, Vincent C Ofoegbu, Andrew Smith
In a cross-sectional study to determine the magnitude of dual sensory impairment (DSI-combined hearing and vision loss) in children in single-disability special education schools, children in schools for the blind and schools for the deaf in four states in South-East Nigeria were examined by an ophthalmologist and otorhinolaryngologist to determine the level of their disability and to identify other disabilities if any. Participants were all students with childhood blindness or childhood deafness. The magnitude and causes of DSI and the burden of undetected DSI were the main outcome measures...
February 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087208/-child-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis
#2
Jean Donadieu, Sébastien Héritier
DEFINITION: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is defined by the association of a clinical and radiological involvement and a biopsy of a pathological tissue. Extension: it can affect any organ or system of the body but most commonly the bone (80% of cases), the skin (33%) and the pituitary (25%). Other organs are concerned such as liver, spleen, hematopoietic system and the lungs (15% each), lymph nodes (5-10%) and central nervous system (CNS) excluding the pituitary (2-4%). Natural history: the natural history of the disease is very heterogeneous, ranging from auto-regressive lesions to a disease affecting multiple organs with fatal consequences, while some lesions may be responsible for permanent sequels...
January 10, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076344/qualitative-aspects-of-the-process-of-neonatal-hearing-screening-program-in-mexico-evaluated-from-the-parental-perspective
#3
Maria Del Consuelo Martínez Wbaldo, María de Los Ángeles Torres Lagunas
INTRODUCTION: The Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Program in Mexico began in 2010. Its results, published in 2013 by the National Council for the Development and Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (CONADIS), report low coverage and, currently, there is a dearth of information about its activities. This study describes the process of the program from the epistemological perspective of women whose children participated in the program, evaluating it under the sustenance of the constructivist-respondent model in search of aspects that could help explain its results...
December 12, 2016: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073077/hypertext-comprehension-of-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-students-and-students-with-specific-language-impairment
#4
Helen Blom, Eliane Segers, Daan Hermans, Harry Knoors, Ludo Verhoeven
This paper provides insight into the reading comprehension of hierarchically structured hypertexts within D/HH students and students with SLI. To our knowledge, it is the first study on hypertext comprehension in D/HH students and students with SLI, and it also considers the role of working memory. We compared hypertext versus linear text comprehension in D/HH students and students with SLI versus younger students without language problems who had a similar level of decoding and vocabulary. The results demonstrated no difference in text comprehension between the hierarchically structured hypertext and the linear text...
January 7, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067750/unilateral-hearing-loss-understanding-speech-recognition-and-localization-variability-implications-for-cochlear-implant-candidacy
#5
Jill B Firszt, Ruth M Reeder, Laura K Holden
OBJECTIVES: At a minimum, unilateral hearing loss (UHL) impairs sound localization ability and understanding speech in noisy environments, particularly if the loss is severe to profound. Accompanying the numerous negative consequences of UHL is considerable unexplained individual variability in the magnitude of its effects. Identification of covariables that affect outcome and contribute to variability in UHLs could augment counseling, treatment options, and rehabilitation. Cochlear implantation as a treatment for UHL is on the rise yet little is known about factors that could impact performance or whether there is a group at risk for poor cochlear implant outcomes when hearing is near-normal in one ear...
November 4, 2016: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063244/single-sided-deafness-affects-language-and-auditory-development-a-case-control-study
#6
Anouk Sangen, Liesbeth Royackers, Christian Desloovere, Jan Wouters, Astrid van Wieringen
OBJECTIVES: To examine auditory, linguistic and cognitive outcomes of children with single sided deafness (SSD). An increasing body of research suggests that children with SSD lag behind with respect to their normal hearing (NH) peers. In the present study we tap into certain developmental skills. DESIGN: Case-control study. PARTICIPANTS: 21 children with SSD between 5 and 15 years of age participated. Per child with SSD two NH control children were matched on age and gender...
January 7, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056017/when-hearing-is-tricky-speech-processing-strategies-in-prelingually-deafened-children-and-adolescents-with-cochlear-implants-having-good-and-poor-speech-performance
#7
Magdalene Ortmann, Pienie Zwitserlood, Arne Knief, Johanna Baare, Stephanie Brinkheetker, Antoinette Am Zehnhoff-Dinnesen, Christian Dobel
Cochlear implants provide individuals who are deaf with access to speech. Although substantial advancements have been made by novel technologies, there still is high variability in language development during childhood, depending on adaptation and neural plasticity. These factors have often been investigated in the auditory domain, with the mismatch negativity as an index for sensory and phonological processing. Several studies have demonstrated that the MMN is an electrophysiological correlate for hearing improvement with cochlear implants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041786/statistical-evidence-that-a-child-can-create-a-combinatorial-linguistic-system-without-external-linguistic-input-implications-for-language-evolution
#8
REVIEW
Susan Goldin-Meadow, Charles Yang
Can a child who is not exposed to a model for language nevertheless construct a communication system characterized by combinatorial structure? We know that deaf children whose hearing losses prevent them from acquiring spoken language, and whose hearing parents have not exposed them to sign language, use gestures, called homesigns, to communicate. In this study, we call upon a new formal analysis that characterizes the statistical profile of grammatical rules and, when applied to child language data, finds that young children's language is consistent with a productive grammar rather than rote memorization of specific word combinations in caregiver speech...
December 29, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033698/balance-performance-of-deaf-children-with-and-without-cochlear-implants
#9
Amir-Abbas Ebrahimi, Guita Movallali, Ali-Ashraf Jamshidi, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo, Mehdi Rahgozar
 The aim of this study was to compare the static and dynamic balance performance of deaf children with and without cochlear implants. This is a cross-sectional study of 145 school children, aged between 7 and 12 years comprising 85 children with congenital or early acquired bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss (the hearing loss group) and 60 normal hearing aged-matched control counterparts were assessed using the balance subtest of Bruininks-Oseretsky test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP). The hearing loss group, 50 without cochlear implants (the non-implant group) and 35 of them with unilateral cochlear implants (the implant group) were recruited from schools for the deaf and normal hearing children (the control group) randomly selected from two randomly selected elementary schools of Tehran city...
November 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028042/mental-disorders-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-adult-outpatients-a-comparison-of-linguistic-subgroups
#10
Beate Øhre, Maj Volden, Erik Falkum, Stephen von Tetzchner
Deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) individuals who use signed language and those who use spoken language face different challenges and stressors. Accordingly, the profile of their mental problems may also differ. However, studies of mental disorders in this population have seldom differentiated between linguistic groups. Our study compares demographics, mental disorders, and levels of distress and functioning in 40 patients using Norwegian Sign Language (NSL) and 36 patients using spoken language. Assessment instruments were translated into NSL...
January 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017556/bilateral-globus-pallidus-internus-deep-brain-stimulation-for-dyskinetic-cerebral-palsy-supports-success-of-cochlear-implantation-in-a-5-year-old-ex-24%C3%A2-week-preterm-twin-with-absent-cerebellar-hemispheres
#11
Jean-Pierre Lin, Margaret Kaminska, Sarah Perides, Hortensia Gimeno, Lesley Baker, Daniel E Lumsden, Anzell Britz, Sandra Driver, Alec Fitzgerald-O'Connor, Richard Selway
BACKGROUND: Early onset dystonia (dyskinesia) and deafness in childhood pose significant challenges for children and carers and are the cause of multiple disability. It is particularly tragic when the child cannot make use of early cochlear implantation (CI) technology to relieve deafness and improve language and communication, because severe cervical and truncal dystonia brushes off the magnetic amplifier behind the ears. Bilateral globus pallidus internus (GPi) deep brain stimulation (DBS) neuromodulation can reduce dyskinesia, thus supporting CI neuromodulation success...
December 10, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017249/slowly-progressive-d-bifunctional-protein-deficiency-with-survival-to-adulthood-diagnosed-by-whole-exome-sequencing
#12
Takashi Matsukawa, Kagari Mano Koshi, Jun Mitsui, Taro Bannai, Miho Kawabe, Hiroyuki Ishiura, Yasuo Terao, Jun Shimizu, Keiko Murayama, Jun Yoshimura, Koichiro Doi, Shinichi Morishita, Shoji Tsuji, Jun Goto
d-Bifunctional protein (DBP) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder of peroxisomal fatty acid oxidation caused by mutations in HSD17B4. It is typically fatal by the age of two years with symptom onset during the neonatal period, and survival until late childhood is rare. We herein report the case of a patient with DBP deficiency surviving until adulthood, who showed severe sensorineural deafness, disturbances in language acquisition, slowly progressive cerebellar ataxia, and peripheral neuropathy. This patient, in whom findings of prior investigations were nondiagnostic, had been followed up as having an early-onset spinocerebellar degeneration of unknown etiology...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012522/comparison-of-intelligence-quotients-of-first-and-second-generation-deaf-children-with-cochlear-implants
#13
K Amraei, S Amirsalari, M Ajalloueyan
Hearing impairment is a common type of sensory loss in children. Studies indicate that children with hearing impairment are deficient in social, cognitive and communication skills. This study compared the intelligence quotients of first- and second-generation deaf children with cochlear implants. This research is causal-comparative. All 15 deaf children investigated had deaf parents and were selected from Baqiyatallah Cochlear Implant Center. The 15 children with cochlear implants were paired with similar children with hearing parents using purposive sampling...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012515/the-utility-of-early-developmental-assessments-on-understanding-later-nonverbal-iq-in-children-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing
#14
Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Susan Wiley, Jannel Phillips, Mekibib Altaye, Daniel I Choo
OBJECTIVE: In children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH), it is helpful to have meaningful early measures of development in order to provide effective interventions and offer benchmarks that help recognize varied developmental trajectories. The main objective of this study was to compare results of an early developmental assessment prior to 3 years of age to later nonverbal IQ assessed between 3 and 6 years of age in children who are DHH. METHODS: This study included children 3-6 years of age with bilateral permanent hearing who were enrolled in a prospective cohort study on developmental outcomes...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007338/cochlear-implantation-for-deafness-and-deep-brain-stimulation-for-movement-disorders-in-children-lessons-in-shared-learning
#15
EDITORIAL
Anirban Majumdar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002360/evidence-of-mumps-infection-among-children-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#16
Reena H Doshi, Vivian H Alfonso, Nicole A Hoff, Patrick Mukadi, Sue Gerber, Ado Bwaka, Stephen G Higgins, Guillaume Ngoie Mwamba, Emile Okitolonda, Jean-Jacques Muyembe, Anne W Rimoin
BACKGROUND: Mumps is an acute viral infection and while the infection is usually mild, complications can lead to permanent sequelae including brain damage and deafness. The burden of mumps is currently unknown the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), we therefore assessed susceptibility to mumps infection among children 6 - 59 months of age. METHODS: In collaboration with the 2013-2014 DRC Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), we conducted a serosurvey to assess population immunity to vaccine preventable diseases...
December 19, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997596/a-new-genetic-diagnostic-for-enlarged-vestibular-aqueduct-based-on-next-generation-sequencing
#17
Yalan Liu, Lili Wang, Yong Feng, Chufeng He, Deyuan Liu, Xinzhang Cai, Lu Jiang, Hongsheng Chen, Chang Liu, Hong Wu, Lingyun Mei
Enlarged vestibular aqueduct (EVA) is one of the most common congenital inner ear malformations and accounts for 1-12% of sensorineural deafness in children and adolescents. Multiple genetic defects contribute to EVA; therefore, early molecular diagnosis is critical for EVA patients to ensure that the most effective treatment strategies are employed. This study explored a new genetic diagnosis method for EVA and applied it to clinic diagnoses of EVA patients. Using next-generation sequencing technology, we set up a multiple polymerase chain reaction enrichment system for target regions of EVA pathogenic genes (SLC26A4, FOXI1, and KCNJ10)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982714/technology-assisted-language-intervention-for-children-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-a-pilot-study-of-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-for-enhancing-language-development
#18
Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Susan Wiley, Rose McAuley, Laura Smith, Sandra Grether
PURPOSE: Pilot study to assess the effect of augmentative and alternative communication technology to enhance language development in children who are deaf or hard-of-hearing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five children ages 5-10 years with permanent bilateral hearing loss who were identified with language underperformance participated in an individualized 24-week structured program using the application TouchChat WordPower on iPads(®). Language samples were analyzed for changes in mean length of utterance, vocabulary words and mean turn length...
December 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958602/severe-to-profound-deafness-may-be-associated-with-myh9-related-disease-report-of-4-patients
#19
P Canzi, A Pecci, M Manfrin, E Rebecchi, C Zaninetti, V Bozzi, M Benazzo
MYH9-related disease (MYH9-RD) is a rare genetic syndromic disorder characterised by congenital thrombocytopenia and is associated with the risk of developing progressive sensorineural hearing loss, nephropathy and presenile cataracts during childhood or adult life. All consecutive patients enrolled in the Italian Registry for MYH9-RD with severe to profound deafness were included in a retrospective study. The study population involved 147 Italian patients with MYH9-RD: hearing loss was identified in 52% of cases and only 4 patients (6%) presented severe to profound deafness at a mean age of 33 years...
October 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939998/cochlear-implantation-in-autistic-children-with-profound-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#20
Magdalena Lachowska, Agnieszka Pastuszka, Zuzanna Łukaszewicz-Moszyńska, Lidia Mikołajewska, Kazimierz Niemczyk
INTRODUCTION: Cochlear implants have become the method of choice for the treatment of severe-to-profound hearing loss in both children and adults. Its benefits are well documented in the pediatric and adult population. Also deaf children with additional needs, including autism, have been covered by this treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the benefits from cochlear implantation in deafened children with autism as the only additional disability...
November 19, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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