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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325168/impact-of-pharyngofixation-in-cleft-palate-repair-surgery-on-the-development-of-chronic-adhesive-otitis-media
#1
L Otruba, P Schalek, Z Hornáčková
BACKGROUND: A significant percentage of children with cleft palate suffer from otitis media with effusion and its consequences, such as deafness, chronic adhesive otitis and cholesteatoma. This study aimed to determine whether these effects can be minimised by selecting pharyngofixation as the surgical technique for cleft palate correction. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of 155 patients (308 ears) who underwent surgery from age 5 months to 8 years and were followed up for 36-84 months...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324246/opinions-of-hearing-parents-about-the-causes-of-hearing-impairment-of-their-children-with-biallelic-gjb2-mutations
#2
Aisen V Solovyev, Lilya U Dzhemileva, Olga L Posukh, Nikolay A Barashkov, Marita S Bady-Khoo, Semen L Lobov, Natalya Yu Popova, Georgii P Romanov, Nikolay N Sazonov, Alexander A Bondar, Igor V Morozov, Mikhail I Tomsky, Sardana A Fedorova, Elza K Khusnutdinova
Hereditary hearing impairment (HI) caused by recessive GJB2 mutations is a frequent sensory disorder. The results of the molecular-based studies of HI are widely used in various genetic test systems. However, the ethical aspects are less described than the genetic aspects. The concerns expressed by individuals from groups with genetic risks must be included in the counseling of patients and their families. For evaluation of subjective opinions of hearing parents about the presumed causes of HI of their children, we analyze the cohort of parents having children with confirmed hereditary HI caused by biallelic recessive GJB2 mutations (in a homozygous or a compound heterozygous state)...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322503/a-novel-aberrant-splice-site-mutation-in-col27a1-is-responsible-for-steel-syndrome-and-extension-of-the-phenotype-to-include-hearing-loss
#3
Nesrin Gariballa, Afif Ben-Mahmoud, Makanko Komara, Aisha M Al-Shamsi, Anne John, Bassam R Ali, Lihadh Al-Gazali
Steel syndrome is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by skeletal abnormalities and dysmorphic features. The first mutation associated with this syndrome was reported in Puerto Rican children. In this study, we identified a novel homozygous splice site variant in COL27A1 (c.3556-2A>G) in a consanguineous Emirati family with a child affected by Steel syndrome. In addition, the affected child had severe non-progressive sensorineural hearing loss not reported previously. The variant segregated in the family in an autosomal recessive manner and we show that the variant alters mRNA splicing...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322432/bilateral-congenital-deafness-what-investigations-should-be-performed
#4
Nicolas Gürtler, Claudine Gysin, Nevenka Schmid, Claudia Pieren, Mattheus Vischer, Stefan Schumacher, Peter Oppermann, Daniel Leuba, Dorothée Veraguth
BACKGROUND: The introduction of newborn hearing screening has led to earlier identification of children with congenital sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Aetiological clarification offers several benefits. There is currently a lack of agreement on which examinations should be recommended. OBJECTIVE: Descriptive review of the literature reporting investigations performed to establish the aetiology of congenital SNHL and comparison of the management policy in Swiss referral centres...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291986/considerations-for-pediatric-cochlear-implant-recipients-with-unilateral-or-asymmetric-hearing-loss-assessment-device-fitting-and-habilitation
#5
Laura Greaver, Hannah Eskridge, Holly F B Teagle
Purpose: The purpose of this clinical report is to present case studies of children who are nontraditional candidates for cochlear implantation because they have significant residual hearing in 1 ear and to describe outcomes and considerations for their audiological management and habilitation. Method: Case information is presented for 5 children with profound hearing loss in 1 ear and normal or mild-to-moderate hearing loss in the opposite ear and who have undergone unilateral cochlear implantation...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291575/breaking-the-sound-barrier-exploring-parents-decision-making-process-of-cochlear-implants-for-their-children
#6
Pamara F Chang
OBJECTIVE: To understand the dynamic experiences of parents undergoing the decision-making process regarding cochlear implants for their child(ren). METHODS: Thirty-three parents of d/Deaf children participated in semi-structured interviews. Interviews were digitally recorded, transcribed, and coded using iterative and thematic coding. RESULTS: The results from this study reveal four salient topics related to parents' decision-making process regarding cochlear implantation: 1) factors parents considered when making the decision to get the cochlear implant for their child (e...
March 6, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288475/cochlear-implantation-in-children-with-congenital-single-sided-deafness
#7
Jan Peter Thomas, Katrin Neumann, Stefan Dazert, Christiane Voelter
OBJECTIVE: To determine audiological and clinical results of cochlear implantation in children with congenital single sided deafness (SSD), with an emphasis on children implanted before and after 6 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. SUBJECTS: Twenty one children with congenital SSD who were implanted aged 10 months to 11;3 years. INTERVENTION: Unilateral cochlear implantation...
April 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286960/mothers-and-fathers-involvement-in-intervention-programs-for-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-children
#8
Anat Zaidman-Zait, Tova Most, Ricardo Tarrasch, Eliana Haddad
PURPOSE: Parental involvement in the rehabilitation process of deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) children is considered vital to children's progress. Today, fathers are more likely to be involved in their children's care. Nevertheless, father involvement has been understudied and relatively little is known about their involvement in families with children who are deaf or hard of hearing. In addition, there are scant data on the correlates of parents' involvement. This study explored similarities and differences in parental involvement between mothers and fathers in intervention programs for their D/HH children and tested a set of personal and social contextual variables that posited to affect parental involvement in a unique socio-cultural group...
March 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286402/retrospective-basic-parent-child-communication-difficulties-and-risk-of-depression-in-deaf-adults
#9
Poorna Kushalnagar, Sheila Bruce, Tina Sutton, Irene W Leigh
This paper describes the relationship between retrospective communication difficulties and current depressive symptomatology. A total of 143 deaf/hard-of-hearing late adolescents and adults (64 % White; 55 % female) completed questionnaires related to parent communication, language history and current psychological functioning. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the likelihood of having depression that is associated with understanding parents' communication after controlling for gender, hearing level, and language history...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282708/postural-control-in-deaf-children
#10
Amir-Abbas Ebrahimi, Guita Movallali, Ali-Ashraf Jamshidi, Mehdi Rahgozar, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo
This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the reliability of static control evaluation with Synapsys Posturography System (SPS, Marseille, France) and to compare the static postural control of deaf children with typically developing children. This study was conducted in 2 phases on 81 children of 7 to 12 years old in Tehran schools. The first phase examined the reliability of static balance evaluation with SPS. In this phase, a total of 12 children with typical development were evaluated and then do a re-test 1 week later...
February 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280057/discourses-of-prejudice-in-the-professions-the-case-of-sign-languages
#11
Tom Humphries, Poorna Kushalnagar, Gaurav Mathur, Donna Jo Napoli, Carol Padden, Christian Rathmann, Scott Smith
There is no evidence that learning a natural human language is cognitively harmful to children. To the contrary, multilingualism has been argued to be beneficial to all. Nevertheless, many professionals advise the parents of deaf children that their children should not learn a sign language during their early years, despite strong evidence across many research disciplines that sign languages are natural human languages. Their recommendations are based on a combination of misperceptions about (1) the difficulty of learning a sign language, (2) the effects of bilingualism, and particularly bimodalism, (3) the bona fide status of languages that lack a written form, (4) the effects of a sign language on acquiring literacy, (5) the ability of technologies to address the needs of deaf children and (6) the effects that use of a sign language will have on family cohesion...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278741/the-role-of-motion-and-intensity-in-deaf-children-s-recognition-of-real-human-facial-expressions-of-emotion
#12
Anna C Jones, Roberto Gutierrez, Amanda K Ludlow
There is substantial evidence to suggest that deafness is associated with delays in emotion understanding, which has been attributed to delays in language acquisition and opportunities to converse. However, studies addressing the ability to recognise facial expressions of emotion have produced equivocal findings. The two experiments presented here attempt to clarify emotion recognition in deaf children by considering two aspects: the role of motion and the role of intensity in deaf children's emotion recognition...
February 14, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274900/comparative-study-between-the-use-of-melatonin-and-a-solution-with-melatonin-tryptophan-and-vitamin-b6-as-an-inducer-of-spontaneous-sleep-in-children-during-an-auditory-response-test-an-alternative-to-commonly-used-sedative-drugs
#13
Antonio Della Volpe, Antonietta De Lucia, Clementina Pirozzi, Vincenzo Pastore
OBJECTIVE: An elective investigation into the early diagnosis of deafness in children under the age of 4-5 years is performed using auditory evoked potentials of auditory brainstem responses (ABRs). In case of pediatric patients, the major difficulty includes being examined during spontaneous sleep, which is complicated to obtain, especially in the age range of 12 to 72 months. Recently, melatonin has been used as a "sleep inducer" in diagnostic tests with positive results. Our aim was to evaluate the use of melatonin and of a solution containing melatonin, tryptophan, and vitamin B6 as an inducer of spontaneous sleep on repeated ABR analyses as well as to evaluate the reduction in analyses with sedative drugs in case of uncooperative patients...
March 9, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263245/the-treatment-of-possible-severe-infection-in-infants-an-open-randomized-safety-trial-of-parenteral-benzylpenicillin-and-gentamicin-versus-ceftriaxone-in-infants-60-days-of-age-in-malawi
#14
Elizabeth M Molyneux, Queen Dube, Francis Banda, Msandeni Chiume, Isaac Singini, Macpherson Mallewa, Edward C Schwalbe, Robert S Heyderman
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends benzylpenicillin and gentamicin as antimicrobial treatment of infants with sepsis in low income settings (LICs), and ceftriaxone or cefotaxime as an alternative. In a meta-analysis from 13 LICs, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella spp. and E.coli accounted for 55% of infants with sepsis. In a review of bacterial meningitis, resistance to third generation cephalosporins was >50% of all isolates, and 44% of Gram-negative isolates were gentamicin resistant...
February 28, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247339/galactose-epimerase-deficiency-expanding-the-phenotype
#15
Filipa Dias Costa, Sacha Ferdinandusse, Carla Pinto, Andrea Dias, Liesbeth Keldermans, Dulce Quelhas, Gert Matthijs, Petra A Mooijer, Luísa Diogo, Jaak Jaeken, Paula Garcia
Galactose epimerase deficiency is an inborn error of metabolism due to uridine diphosphate-galactose-4'-epimerase (GALE) deficiency. We report the clinical presentation, genetic and biochemical studies in two siblings with generalized GALE deficiency.Patient 1: The first child was born with a dysmorphic syndrome. Failure to thrive was noticed during the first year. Episodes of heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy, followed by liver failure, occurred between 12 and 42 months. The finding of a serum transferrin isoelectrofocusing (IEF) type 1 pattern led to the suspicion of a congenital disorder of glycosylation (CDG)...
March 1, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243949/intersecting-cultures-in-deaf-mental-health-an-ethnographic-study-of-nhs-professionals-diagnosing-autism-in-d-deaf-children
#16
Natassia F Brenman, Anja Hiddinga, Barry Wright
Autism assessments for children who are deaf are particularly complex for a number of reasons, including overlapping cultural and clinical factors. We capture this in an ethnographic study of National Health Service child and adolescent mental health services in the United Kingdom, drawing on theoretical perspectives from transcultural psychiatry, which help to understand these services as a cultural system. Our objective was to analyse how mental health services interact with Deaf culture, as a source of cultural-linguistic identity...
February 27, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241207/literacy-outcomes-for-primary-school-children-who-are-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-a-cohort-comparison-study
#17
Margaret Harris, Emmanouela Terlektsi, Fiona E Kyle
Purpose: In this study, we compared the language and literacy of two cohorts of children with severe-profound hearing loss, recruited 10 years apart, to determine if outcomes had improved in line with the introduction of newborn hearing screening and access to improved hearing aid technology. Method: Forty-two children with deafness, aged 5-7 years with a mean unaided loss of 102 DB, were assessed on language, reading, and phonological skills. Their performance was compared with that of a similar group of 32 children with deafness assessed 10 years earlier and also a group of 40 children with normal hearing of similar single word reading ability...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238974/why-american-sign-language-gloss-must-matter
#18
Samuel J Supalla, Jody H Cripps, Andrew P Byrne
Responding to an article by Grushkin on how deaf children best learn to read, published, along with the present article, in an American Annals of the Deaf special issue, the authors review American Sign Language gloss. Topics include how ASL gloss enables deaf children to learn to read in their own language and simultaneously experience a transition to written English, and what gloss looks like and how it underlines deaf children's learning and mastery of English literacy through ASL. Rebuttal of Grushkin's argument includes data describing a deaf child's engagement in reading aloud (entirely in ASL) with a gloss text, which occurred without the breakdown implied by Grushkin...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238972/-thinking-for-writing-a-prolegomenon-on-writing-signed-languages
#19
Russell S Rosen, Maria C Hartman, Ye Wang
In his article in this American Annals of the Deaf special issue that also includes the present article, Grushkin argues that the writing difficulties of many deaf and hard of hearing children result primarily from the orthographic nature of the writing system; he proposes a new system based on features found in signed languages. In response, the present authors review the literature on D/HH children's writing difficulties, outline the main percepts of and assumptions about writing signed languages, discuss "thinking-for-writing" as a process in developing writing skills, offer research designs to test the effectiveness of writing signed language systems, and provide strategies for adopting "thinking-for-writing" in education...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225734/auditory-performance-and-electrical-stimulation-measures-in-cochlear-implant-recipients-with-auditory-neuropathy-compared-with-severe-to-profound-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#20
Joseph Attias, Tally Greenstein, Miriam Peled, David Ulanovski, Jay Wohlgelernter, Eyal Raveh
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare auditory and speech outcomes and electrical parameters on average 8 years after cochlear implantation between children with isolated auditory neuropathy (AN) and children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). DESIGN: The study was conducted at a tertiary, university-affiliated pediatric medical center. The cohort included 16 patients with isolated AN with current age of 5 to 12.2 years who had been using a cochlear implant for at least 3...
March 2017: Ear and Hearing
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