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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898605/initial-results-of-a-safety-and-feasibility-study-of-auditory-brainstem-implantation-in-congenitally-deaf-children
#1
Eric P Wilkinson, Laurie S Eisenberg, Mark D Krieger, Marc S Schwartz, Margaret Winter, Jamie L Glater, Amy S Martinez, Laurel M Fisher, Robert V Shannon
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and feasibility of the auditory brainstem implant (ABI) in congenitally deaf children with cochlear aplasia and/or cochlear nerve deficiency. STUDY DESIGN: Phase I feasibility clinical trial of surgery in 10 children, ages 2 to 5 years, over a 3-year period. SETTING: Tertiary children's hospital and university-based pediatric speech/language/hearing center. INTERVENTION(S): ABI implantation and postsurgical programming...
November 24, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885548/health-related-quality-of-life-in-long-term-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#2
T Nayiager, L Anderson, A Cranston, U Athale, R D Barr
PURPOSE: Children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the commonest form of cancer in this age group, suffer considerable morbidity during treatment, with the majority returning to good health soon after therapy has been completed, as reflected in health-related quality of life (HRQL). However, survivors are at risk of many adverse health outcomes later, including obesity, measured by body mass index (BMI), that is compounded by limited physical activity. This study examined the HRQL of long-term survivors of ALL and its relationship to BMI and physical activity...
November 24, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884866/a-case-of-specific-language-impairment-in-a-deaf-signer-of-american-sign-language
#3
David Quinto-Pozos, Jenny L Singleton, Peter C Hauser
This article describes the case of a deaf native signer of American Sign Language (ASL) with a specific language impairment (SLI). School records documented normal cognitive development but atypical language development. Data include school records; interviews with the child, his mother, and school professionals; ASL and English evaluations; and a comprehensive neuropsychological and psychoeducational evaluation, and they span an approximate period of 7.5 years (11;10-19;6) including scores from school records (11;10-16;5) and a 3...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881483/preliminary-evidence-assessing-social-emotional-competences-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-infants-and-toddlers-using-a-new-parent-questionnaire
#4
Manfred Hintermair, Klaus Sarimski, Markus Lang
Social-emotional competences are an important developmental domain for deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) children and early diagnosis of problems is needed to ensure that DHH children receive appropriate support in this domain. In order to explore the usefulness of an instrument, which was recently developed for very young children, two studies in DHH infants and toddlers were conducted from Germany using the Social-Emotional Assessment/Evaluation Measure (Squires et al. (2013). Social-Emotional Assessment/Evaluation Measure (SEAM) Baltimore, ML: Brooks)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881481/emotion-understanding-in-preschool-children-with-mild-to-severe-hearing-loss
#5
Nina J Laugen, Karl H Jacobsen, Carolien Rieffe, Lars Wichstrøm
Deaf and hard of hearing school-aged children are at risk for delayed development of emotion understanding; however, little is known about this during the preschool years. We compared the level of emotion understanding in a group of 35 4-5-year-old children who use hearing aids to that of 130 children with typical hearing. Moreover, we investigated the parents' perception of their child's level of emotion understanding. Children were assessed with the Test of Emotion Comprehension. Parents were presented with the same test and asked to guess what their child answered on each item...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881480/generation-of-signs-within-semantic-and-phonological-categories-data-from-deaf-adults-and-children-who-use-american-sign-language
#6
Jennifer S Beal-Alvarez, Daileen M Figueroa
Two key areas of language development include semantic and phonological knowledge. Semantic knowledge relates to word and concept knowledge. Phonological knowledge relates to how language parameters combine to create meaning. We investigated signing deaf adults' and children's semantic and phonological sign generation via one-minute tasks, including animals, foods, and specific handshapes. We investigated the effects of chronological age, age of sign language acquisition/years at school site, gender, presence of a disability, and geographical location (i...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863631/diagnostic-hearing-testing-of-infants-aged-0-36%C3%A2-months-in-3-south-african-provinces-comparison-of-audiology-records-to-hpcsa-guidelines
#7
Selvarani Moodley, Claudine Störbeck
INTRODUCTION: Within the Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) pathway, which includes the processes of screening, diagnosis and intervention for paediatric hearing loss, paediatric diagnostic audiology involves a battery of specific tests and procedures. International studies have highlighted a golden standard for diagnosis of paediatric hearing loss as based on the Joint Committee of Infant Hearing (2007) diagnostic guidelines, closely resembling the HPCSA diagnostic guidelines...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859007/nonverbal-executive-function-is-mediated-by-language-a-study-of-deaf-and-hearing-children
#8
Nicola Botting, Anna Jones, Chloe Marshall, Tanya Denmark, Joanna Atkinson, Gary Morgan
Studies have suggested that language and executive function (EF) are strongly associated. Indeed, the two are difficult to separate, and it is particularly difficult to determine whether one skill is more dependent on the other. Deafness provides a unique opportunity to disentangle these skills because in this case, language difficulties have a sensory not cognitive basis. In this study, deaf (n = 108) and hearing (n = 125) children (age 8 years) were assessed on language and a wide range of nonverbal EF tasks...
November 10, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844494/sensorimotor-interaction-in-deaf-children-relationship-between-gait-performance-and-hearing-input-during-childhood-assessed-in-pre-lingual-cochlear-implant-users
#9
Hamlet Suarez, Rafael Alonso, Sofia Arocena, Enrique Ferreira, Cecilia San Roman, Alejo Suarez, Valeria Lapilover
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that auditory input is not neutral in motor skills and the complex interaction between them is generated in the earlier stages of childhood development. Objective The assessment of gait performance in pre-lingual deaf children with cochlear implant (CI). METHODS: Gait velocity (GV), using a 10-meter test, was measured by means of three inertial sensors in 10 pre-lingual cochlear implant users (CIU) (10-16 years old) in three sensory conditions: (1) cochlear implant turned on with environmental noise (EN), (2) cochlear implant turned on with EN and with cognitive dual task (DT), and (3) CI turned off (CI-OFF)...
November 15, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843092/rmnd1-related-leukoencephalopathy-with-temporal-lobe-cysts-and-hearing-loss-another-mendelian-mimicker-of-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection
#10
Nicole Ulrick, Amy Goldstein, Cas Simons, Ryan J Taft, Guy Helman, Amy Pizzino, Miriam Bloom, Julie Vogt, Karen Pysden, Daria Diodato, Diego Martinelli, Ahmad Monavari, Daniela Buhas, Clara D M van Karnebeek, Imen Dorboz, Odile Boespflug-Tanguy, Diana Rodriguez, Martine Tétreault, Jacek Majewski, Genevieve Bernard, Yi Shiau Ng, Robert McFarland, Adeline Vanderver
BACKGROUND: Leukoencephalopathy with temporal lobe cysts may be associated with monogenetic conditions such as Aicardi-Goutières syndrome or RNASET2 mutations and with congenital infections such as cytomegalovirus. In view of the fact that congenital cytomegalovirus is difficult to confirm outside the neonatal period, excluding a Mendelian disorder is extremely relevant, changing family planning and medical management in affected families. We performed diagnostic testing in individuals with leukoencephalopathy with temporal lobe cysts without a definitive diagnosis of congenital cytomegalovirus infection...
September 13, 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833926/bilateral-papilledema-in-a-child-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#11
Selam Yekta Sendul, Cemile Ucgul Atilgan, Semra Tiryaki, Dilek Guven
BACKGROUND: To present a female child patient with osteogenesis imperfecta who had bilateral papilledema. CASE PRESENTATION: A twelve-year-old girl with osteogenesis imperfecta was referred to our clinic. Bilateral best corrected visual acuity of the patient was 5/10 (corrected with +3.50 for right eye, +5.00 for left eye) with a standard Snellen scale at a distance of a 6 m. Anterior chamber, iris and lens examination of both of her eyes were unremarkable. In her fundus examination, bilateral stage 2 papilledema and the wrinkles in papillomacular area were noticed...
2016: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832679/-do-early-cochlear-implanted-toddlers-show-a-better-speech-development-than-later-implanted-children
#12
K Kral, R Lang-Roth, N Hilger, B Streicher
Objective: Long term goal in early cochlea implantation in children without any additional disabilities is an age-appropriate speech development. Material and Methods: Speech development in deaf children with cochlear-implant(s) (n=60) was examined with the german language test battery SETK-2 ("Sprachentwicklungstest für 2-jährige Kinder") 2 years after first mapping of the speech processor. Results: More than 68% of the subjects show in all 4 subtests hearing-age equivalent results in receptive and expressive language...
November 10, 2016: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828788/sequential-bilateral-cochlear-implantation-in-children-outcome-of-the-second-implant-and-long-term-use
#13
Marte Myhrum, Henrik Strøm-Roum, Mariann Gjervik Heldahl, Arne Kirkhorn Rødvik, Beth Eksveen, Borghild Landsvik, Kjell Rasmussen, Ole Edvard Tvete
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to assess speech perception outcomes of second-side cochlear implants (CI2) relative to first-side implants (CI1) in 160 participants who received their CI1 as a child. The predictive factors of CI2 speech perception outcomes were investigated. In addition, CI2 device use predictive models were assessed using the categorical variable of participant's decision to use CI2 for a minimum of 5 years after surgery. Findings from a prospective study that evaluated the bilateral benefit for speech recognition in noise in a participant subgroup (n = 29) are also presented...
November 8, 2016: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818400/social-emotional-development-in-children-and-youth-who-are-deafblind
#14
Timothy S Hartshorne, Megan C Schmittel
Social-emotional development is important to personal adjustment and well-being. Little has been written about social-emotional development in children and youth who are deafblind. The authors discuss factors in typical social-emotional development-attachment, empathy, and friendships-and how they may be challenged in children who are deaf-blind. Also reviewed are factors that place children who are deafblind at risk for delays in social-emotional development. Finally, the possible benefits of inclusion to the social-emotional development of children who are deafblind are examined...
2016: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818398/early-identification-of-infants-and-toddlers-with-deafblindness
#15
Tanni L Anthony
Data from the 2014 National Center on Deaf-Blindness Count show that fewer than 100 infants and toddlers are currently identified with deaf-blindness across the United States and that identification rates for this population vary greatly from state to state. The author presents a key rationale for timely and accurate identification of early-onset deafblindness and of the challenges involved in current early identification practices. Health and educational providers play a vital role in efforts to understand the impact of deafblindness on early development, high-risk conditions, and diagnoses associated with pediatric deafblindness, as well as the warning signs of early-onset hearing and vision loss...
2016: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818397/critical-issues-in-the-lives-of-children-and-youth-who-are-deafblind
#16
Catherine Nelson, Susan M Bruce
The coeditors of an American Annals of the Deaf special issue on deaf-blindness introduce readers to critical issues surrounding children and youth who are deafblind. These issues-early identification, communication, social-emotional needs, family and multicultural issues, universal design and assistive technology, transition planning, and personnel preparation-are explored further in the articles that follow. By way of introduction, the present article provides definitions of deafblindness and a discussion of the heterogeneous nature of the population...
2016: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809640/loss-of-functional-osteoprotegerin-more-than-a-skeletal-problem
#17
Corinna Grasemannn, Nicole Unger, Matthias Hövel, Diana Arweiler-Harbeck, Ralf Herrmann, Michael M Schündeln, Oliver Müller, Bernd Schweiger, Ekkehart Lausch, Thomas Meissner, Cordula Kiewert, Berthold P Hauffa, Nick J Shaw
INTRODUCTION: Juvenile Pagets disease (JPD), an ultra-rare, debilitating bone disease stemming from unopposed RANKL action due to loss of functional osteoprotegerin (OPG) is caused by recessive mutations in TNFRSF11B. A genotype-phenotype correlation spanning from mild to very severe forms is described. AIM: To describe the complexity of the human phenotype of OPG deficiency in more detail and to investigate heterozygous mutation carriers for clinical signs of JPD...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808566/promoting-lexical-learning-in-the-speech-and-language-therapy-of-children-with-cochlear-implants
#18
Riitta Ronkainen, Minna Laakso, Eila Lonka, Tuula Tykkyläinen
This study examines lexical intervention sessions in speech and language therapy for children with cochlear implants (CIs). Particular focus is on the therapist's professional practices in doing the therapy. The participants in this study are three congenitally deaf children with CIs together with their speech and language therapist. The video recorded therapy sessions of these children are studied using conversation analysis. The analysis reveals the ways in which the speech and language therapist formulates her speaking turns to support the children's lexical learning in task interaction...
November 3, 2016: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808524/type-of-iconicity-matters-in-the-vocabulary-development-of-signing-children
#19
Gerardo Ortega, Beyza Sümer, Aslı Özyürek
Recent research on signed as well as spoken language shows that the iconic features of the target language might play a role in language development. Here, we ask further whether different types of iconic depictions modulate children's preferences for certain types of sign-referent links during vocabulary development in sign language. Results from a picture description task indicate that lexical signs with 2 possible variants are used in different proportions by deaf signers from different age groups. While preschool and school-age children favored variants representing actions associated with their referent (e...
November 3, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789553/the-transition-from-early-intervention-to-school-for-children-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-administrator-perspectives
#20
Deirdre Curle, Janet Jamieson, Marla Buchanan, Brenda T Poon, Anat Zaidman-Zait, Nancy Norman
Although the transition from early intervention (EI) to school is a significant milestone in the lives of young children, little research to date has investigated this transition among children who are deaf or hard of hearing (D/HH). The aims of this study were to investigate the organizational policies, procedures, and guidelines that facilitate or hinder the transition from the EI system to the school system for children who are D/HH from the perspective of program administrators. Using the Enhanced Critical Incident Technique methodology, 146 incidents were extracted from 10 interviews and sorted into 10 helping, 9 hindering, and 5 wish list categories...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
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