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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895623/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-hemophilia-population
#1
Suman L Sood, Dunlei Cheng, Margaret Ragni, Craig M Kessler, Doris Quon, Amy D Shapiro, Nigel S Key, Marilyn J Manco-Johnson, Adam Cuker, Christine Kempton, Tzu-Fei Wang, M Elaine Eyster, Philip Kuriakose, Annette von Drygalski, Joan Cox Gill, Allison Wheeler, Peter Kouides, Miguel A Escobar, Cindy Leissinger, Sarah Galdzicka, Marshall Corson, Crystal Watson, Barbara A Konkle
Men with hemophilia were initially thought to be protected from cardiovascular disease (CVD), but it is now clear that atherothrombotic events occur. The primary objective of the CVD in Hemophilia study was to determine the prevalence of CVD and CVD risk factors in US older men with moderate and severe hemophilia and to compare findings with those reported in age-comparable men in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) cohort. We hypothesized if lower factor levels are protective from CVD, we would see a difference in CVD rates between more severely affected and unaffected men...
June 12, 2018: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804736/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-revascularization-outcomes-of-infrainguinal-chronic-limb-threatening-ischemia
#2
Jehad Almasri, Jayanth Adusumalli, Noor Asi, Sumaya Lakis, Mouaz Alsawas, Larry J Prokop, Andrew Bradbury, Philippe Kolh, Michael S Conte, M Hassan Murad
BACKGROUND: The optimal strategy for revascularization in infrainguinal chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) remains debatable. Comparative trials are scarce, and daily decisions are often made using anecdotal or low-quality evidence. METHOD: We searched multiple databases through May 7, 2017, for prospective studies with at least 1-year follow-up that evaluated patient-relevant outcomes of infrainguinal revascularization procedures in adults with CLTI. Independent pairs of reviewers selected articles and extracted data...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777842/nationally-representative-readmission-factors-in-patients-with-claudication-and-critical-limb-ischemia
#3
Rennier A Martinez, Michelle Shnayder, Joshua Parreco, Lukas Gaffney, Marcus Eby, Nicholas Cortolillo, Michael Lopez, Jack Zeltzer
INTRODUCTION: Hospital readmissions are not only associated with increased mortality, morbidity and costs but also, with current healthcare reform, tied to significant financial and administrative penalties. Some studies show that patients undergoing vascular surgery may have higher than average readmission rates. The recently released Nationwide Readmission Database (NRD) is the most comprehensive national source of readmission data, gathering discharge information from 22 geographically dispersed states, accounting for 51...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753395/quantitative-extent-of-atherosclerotic-plaque-in-the-major-epicardial-coronary-arteries-in-patients-with-fatal-coronary-heart-disease-in-coronary-endarterectomy-specimens-in-aorta-coronary-saphenous-venous-conduits-and-means-to-prevent-the-plaques-a-review
#4
William C Roberts
This review tries to answer the following 15 questions: Is atherosclerosis a systemic or a regional disease? Is atherosclerosis in any particular region focal or diffuse? What is the quantity of atherosclerotic plaques in endarterectomy specimens of the right coronary artery in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) compared to that in the right coronary artery in patients with fatal coronary artery disease? How do the units used for measuring arterial narrowing by angiography compare to the units used for measuring arterial narrowing at necropsy? What do atherosclerotic plaques consist of in coronary arteries in patients with fatal coronary disease? What is the quantity of atherosclerotic plaque in bypassed -vs- non-bypassed native coronary arteries in patients dying early (<60 days) or late (>60 days) after coronary artery bypass grafting? What is the frequency of acute coronary lesions and multi-luminal channels at necropsy in patients with unstable angina pectoris, sudden coronary death, and acute myocardial infarction? What is the mechanism of luminal widening by angioplasty in the coronary arteries? What observations suggest that atherosclerotic plaques are the result at least in part of organization of thrombi? Is atherosclerosis a multifactoral or a unifactoral disease? What characteristics distinguish carnivores and herbivores? What are reasonable guidelines for whom to treat with lipid-altering agents? What is the rule of 5 and the rule of 7 in statin therapy? What is the effect of lipid lowering drug therapy on coronary luminal narrowing? What are some requisites for a healthy life?...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682105/when-are-endovascular-and-open-bypass-treatments-preferred-for-femoropopliteal-occlusive-disease
#5
REVIEW
Ali F AbuRahma
Several meta-analyses and multicenter trials have shown that chronic limb ischemia did not occur for up to 5 years in 50%-70% of patients who underwent saphenous vein grafts, with limb salvage and perioperative mortality rates of >80% and 3%, respectively. However, open surgical bypass can have limitations, including postoperative morbidity/wound complications of 10%-20% and prolonged length of hospital stay and outpatient care. Several studies have analyzed clinical outcomes for patients with critical limb ischemia treated with endovascular therapies, but they have been mainly retrospective with significant heterogeneity or were single center...
March 25, 2018: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664030/do-practice-gaps-exist-in-evidence-based-medication-prescription-at-hospital-discharge-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-coronary-angioplasty
#6
Pradeep Pereira, Aditya Kapoor, Archana Sinha, Surendra K Agarwal, Shantanu Pande, Roopali Khanna, Nilesh Srivastava, Sudeep Kumar, Naveen Garg, Satyendra Tewari, Pravin Goel
Background & objectives: Prescription patterns of guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) after coronary artery bypass surgery [coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)] and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) at hospital discharge are often not optimal. In view of scarce data from the developing world, a retrospective analysis of medication advice to patients following CABG and PCI was conducted. Methods: Records of 5948 patients (post-PCI: 5152, post-CABG: 796) who underwent revascularization from 2010 to 2014 at a single tertiary care centre in north India were analyzed...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661597/clinical-performance-of-a-dedicated-self-apposing-stent-for-the-treatment-of-left-main-stem-disease-results-of-the-left-main-angioplasty-with-a-self-apposing-stent-the-matisse-study
#7
Bernardo Cortese, Antonio Montefusco, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Alessio La Manna, Giuseppe Andò, Teodoro Bisceglia, Gioel G Secco, Markus Meyer-Gessner, Wanha Wojciech, Paolo Sganzerla, Massimo Napodano, Gaetano Di Palma, Roberto A Latini, Corrado Tamburino, Pedro Silva Orrego, Andreas Baumbach
BACKGROUND: In the recent years percutaneous treatment of the left main stem (LM) has gained a precise role as a result of consistent scientific evidence vs. coronary artery bypass. A self-apposing stent offers an improved adaptation to the vessel wall, especially in case of tapered vessels; aim of this study was to investigate the role of a novel self-apposing, sirolimus-eluting stent (Stentys, France) for the treatment of LM coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: MATISSE is a retrospective, multicenter registry, which enrolled 151 patients treated with the device at 17 international centers...
April 4, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599067/editor-s-choice-a-comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-between-primary-bypass-and-secondary-bypass-after-failed-plain-balloon-angioplasty-in-the-bypass-versus-angioplasty-for-severe-ischaemia-of-the-limb-basil-trial
#8
Lewis Meecham, Smitaa Patel, Gareth R Bate, Andrew W Bradbury
OBJECTIVE: Chronic limb threatening ischaemia (CLTI) is a growing global health problem. The UK NIHR HTA funded BASIL trial is still the only randomised controlled trial to have compared a "bypass surgery first" with a "plain balloon angioplasty (PBA) first" strategy for the management of CLTI. In patients who were likely to survive for 2 years and had a suitable vein, primary bypass (PB) was associated with better clinical outcomes. Furthermore, PBA was associated with a high technical and clinical failure rate and many went on to have secondary bypass (SB)...
May 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522872/external-validation-and-evaluation-of-reliability-of-the-farp-2-score-to-predict-early-graft-failure-after-infrainguinal-bypass
#9
Mazlum Sahin, Helin El
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the accuracy of the FARP2 (female gender [F], bypass after a previous angioplasty [A], Redo bypass [R], and Pedal bypass [P2 ]) scoring system in predicting early graft failure (EGF) after infrainguinal bypass surgery (IBS). METHODS: Charts of patients who underwent IBS between January 2014 and January 2017 in 2 tertiary academic centers were evaluated retrospectively. In follow-ups, 1 week after operation, detailed physical examination was done, Doppler ultrasonography was performed 1 month after operation, and integrity of the graft was evaluated...
March 6, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518503/early-outcomes-following-endovascular-open-surgical-and-hybrid-revascularization-for-lower-extremity-acute-limb-ischemia
#10
Frank M Davis, Jeremy Albright, Katherine A Gallagher, Hitinder S Gurm, Gerald C Koenig, Theodore Schreiber, P Michael Grossman, Peter K Henke
BACKGROUND: Acute limb ischemia (ALI) of the lower extremity is a potentially devastating condition that requires urgent and definitive management. This challenging scenario is often treated with endovascular, open surgical, or hybrid revascularization (HyR) in an urgent basis, but the comparative effects of such therapies remain poorly defined. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of endovascular, open surgical, and HyR for ALI in the contemporary era. METHODS: A large statewide cardiovascular consortium of 45 hospitals was queried for patients between January 2012 and June 2015 who underwent an endovascular, open surgical, or HyR for ALI deemed at high risk of limb loss if not treated within 24 hr (Rutherford class IIA or IIB)...
March 5, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481944/prior-endovascular-intervention-is-not-detrimental-to-pedal-bypasses-for-ischemic-wounds
#11
Abhisekh Mohapatra, Mikayla N Lowenkamp, Jon C Henry, Aureline Boitet, Efthimios D Avgerinos, Rabih A Chaer, Michel S Makaroun, Steven A Leers, Eric S Hager
BACKGROUND: Endovascular strategies are often preferred for revascularization of ischemic foot wounds secondary to infrapopliteal disease because of the less invasive technique and faster recovery. Bypass is typically reserved for failures or lesions not amenable to balloon angioplasty. However, the effects of an endovascular-first approach on subsequent bypass grafts are largely unknown. This study evaluates the effects of prior endovascular tibial interventions (PTIs) on successive bypasses to pedal targets...
February 23, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481939/durability-of-carotid-endarterectomy-with-bovine-pericardial-patch
#12
Warner A Oldenburg, Tariq Almerey, Mahmoud Selim, Houssam Farres, Albert G Hakaim
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have shown that patch angioplasty after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) reduces the risk of stroke and restenosis when compared with primary closure. Biological, synthetic, or vein patches have been traditionally used in CEA. This article reports the early and long-term outcomes of bovine pericardium (BP) for patch angioplasty in CEA. METHODS: A retrospective, consecutive analysis of 874 patients who underwent CEA during the past 17 years at Mayo Clinic, Florida, was performed...
February 24, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433408/blunt-injury-of-the-innominate-artery-what-surprises-to-expect-a-case-report
#13
Marina Dias-Neto, José F Ramos, José F Teixeira
Injuries of the supra-aortic trunk after blunt chest trauma are rare. This is a case report of a blunt traumatic lesion of the innominate artery (IA) origin that exhibited aortic arch involvement with a focus on imaging and treatment. A 41-year-old fisherman presented an IA injury secondary to a high-impact blunt chest trauma. Upon physical examination, vital signs were stable and upper extremity pulses were present. In addition to several bone fractures (costal ribs, clavicle, scapula, temporal, maxillary, and sphenoid), computed tomography angiography revealed dissection/pseudoaneurysm of the IA sparing the bifurcation...
April 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314703/a-retrospective-cost-analysis-of-angioplasty-compared-to-bypass-surgery-for-lower-limb-arterial-disease-in-an-australian-tertiary-health-service
#14
Natalie Ly Ngu, James Lisik, Dinesh Varma, Gerard S Goh
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and surgical bypass (BYP) are treatment options for symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD). PTA and BYP have different clinical outcomes and cost implications. This paper aims to compare hospital-related costs of PTA and BYP for PAD of the lower limbs in an Australian health service. METHODS: A retrospective cost analysis using clinical and financial data from an urban, tertiary hospital was performed...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285484/undesired-outcomes-of-the-catania-stent-compared-to-the-xience-stent-in-patients-undergoing-angioplasty-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Masoud Pourmoghaddas, Hamid Reza Rohani, Hamid Sanei, Afshin Amirpour
Background: The present study tries to compare the unintended outcomes of the Catania stent versus Xience stent in patients undergoing angioplasty. Materials and Methods: In a three month, follow-up, double-blinded, randomized controlled trial, 83 patients undergoing angioplasty, who met the inclusion criteria were entered into the study. After randomization 43 patients were treated with the Xience stent and 40 patients with the Catania stent. Stent-related outcomes such as Cardiac and Non-Cardiovascular Death, Myocardial Infarction (MI), Target Lesion Revascularization (TLR), Stent Thrombosis (ST), Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG), Peripheral vasculopathy, and Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA) were compared between the groups...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132880/rivaroxaban-with-or-without-aspirin-in-patients-with-stable-peripheral-or-carotid-artery-disease-an-international-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#16
Sonia S Anand, Jackie Bosch, John W Eikelboom, Stuart J Connolly, Rafael Diaz, Peter Widimsky, Victor Aboyans, Marco Alings, Ajay K Kakkar, Katalin Keltai, Aldo P Maggioni, Basil S Lewis, Stefan Störk, Jun Zhu, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Martin O'Donnell, Patrick J Commerford, Dragos Vinereanu, Nana Pogosova, Lars Ryden, Keith A A Fox, Deepak L Bhatt, Frank Misselwitz, John D Varigos, Thomas Vanassche, Alvaro A Avezum, Edmond Chen, Kelley Branch, Darryl P Leong, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Robert G Hart, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Patients with peripheral artery disease have an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Antiplatelet agents are widely used to reduce these complications. METHODS: This was a multicentre, double-blind, randomised placebo-controlled trial for which patients were recruited at 602 hospitals, clinics, or community practices from 33 countries across six continents. Eligible patients had a history of peripheral artery disease of the lower extremities (previous peripheral bypass surgery or angioplasty, limb or foot amputation, intermittent claudication with objective evidence of peripheral artery disease), of the carotid arteries (previous carotid artery revascularisation or asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis of at least 50%), or coronary artery disease with an ankle-brachial index of less than 0·90...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079252/effect-of-an-intensified-multifactorial-intervention-on-cardiovascular-outcomes-and-mortality-in-type-2-diabetes-j-doit3-an-open-label-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Kohjiro Ueki, Takayoshi Sasako, Yukiko Okazaki, Masayuki Kato, Sumie Okahata, Hisayuki Katsuyama, Mikiko Haraguchi, Ai Morita, Ken Ohashi, Kazuo Hara, Atsushi Morise, Kazuo Izumi, Naoki Ishizuka, Yasuo Ohashi, Mitsuhiko Noda, Takashi Kadowaki
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence suggests that multifactorial interventions for control of glucose, blood pressure, and lipids reduce macrovascular complications and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, safe and effective treatment targets for these risk factors have not been determined for such interventions. METHODS: In this multicentre, open-label, randomised, parallel-group trial, undertaken at 81 clinical sites in Japan, we randomly assigned (1:1) patients with type 2 diabetes aged 45-69 years with hypertension, dyslipidaemia, or both, and an HbA1c of 6·9% (52·0 mmol/mol) or higher, to receive conventional therapy for glucose, blood pressure, and lipid control (targets: HbA1c <6·9% [52·0 mmol/mol], blood pressure <130/80 mm Hg, LDL cholesterol <120 mg/dL [or 100 mg/dL in patients with a history of coronary artery disease]) or intensive therapy (HbA1c <6·2% [44·3 mmol/mol], blood pressure <120/75 mm Hg, LDL cholesterol <80 mg/dL [or 70 mg/dL in patients with a history of coronary artery disease])...
December 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992207/propensity-score-based-methods-in-comparative-effectiveness-research-on-coronary-artery-disease
#18
Alexandra G Ellis, Thomas A Trikalinos, Benjamin S Wessler, John B Wong, Issa J Dahabreh
This review examines the conduct and reporting of observational studies using propensity score-based methods to compare coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), or medical therapy for patients with coronary artery disease. A systematic selection process identified 48 studies: 20 CABG vs. PCI; 21 bare-metal stents vs. drug-eluting stents; 5 CABG vs. medical therapy; 1 PCI vs. medical therapy; and 1 drug-eluting stents vs. balloon angioplasty. Of 32 studies reporting information on variable selection, 7 relied exclusively on statistical criteria for the association of covariates with treatment and 5 used such criteria to determine whether product or non-linear terms should be included in the propensity score model...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950261/long-term-outcomes-of-pediatric-renovascular-hypertension
#19
Hyun Chung, Jae Hwan Lee, Eujin Park, Hyesun Hyun, Yo Han Ahn, Hwan Jun Jae, Gi Beom Kim, Il Soo Ha, Hae Il Cheong, Hee Gyung Kang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Renovascular hypertension (RVHT) is an important cause of childhood hypertension. This study evaluated the clinical characteristics and outcomes of Korean children with RVHT. METHODS: Children treated for RVHT between 2000 and 2015 at our center were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Forty-six children were followed for a median of 6.5 (0.66-27.23) years. Forty-five percutaneous transluminal angioplasties (PTAs) were performed in 32 children...
2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947228/outcomes-after-first-time-lower-extremity-revascularization-for-chronic-limb-threatening-ischemia-between-patients-with-and-without-diabetes
#20
Jeremy D Darling, Thomas C F Bodewes, Sarah E Deery, Raul J Guzman, Mark C Wyers, Allen D Hamdan, Hence J Verhagen, Marc L Schermerhorn
OBJECTIVE: The effect of diabetes type and insulin dependence on short- and long-term outcomes after lower extremity revascularization for chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) warrants additional study and more targeted focus. We sought to address this paucity of information by evaluating outcomes in insulin-dependent and noninsulin-dependent patients after any first-time revascularization. METHODS: We reviewed all limbs undergoing first-time infrainguinal bypass grafting (BPG) or percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with or without stenting (PTA/S) for CLTI at our institution from 2005 to 2014...
April 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
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