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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781968/infusing-social-justice-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-fostering-praxis-through-simulation
#1
Robyn Caldwell, Courtney Cochran
SCOPE OF THE PROBLEM: Forensic clinical experiences are often inconsistent in undergraduate nursing education. Nursing students are not included in the process of forensic evidence collection, often because of the sensitive nature of the situation. Unfortunately, nursing students are forced to rely on theoretical knowledge provided by the nurse educator to understand the complexities of forensic nursing care. Nursing students must be able to identify and provide appropriate nursing care for individuals in all forensic situations...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781703/male-students-perceptions-about-gender-imbalances-in-a-speech-language-pathology-and-audiology-training-programme-of-a-south-african-institution-of-higher-education
#2
Sandra Du Plessis
 The professions of speech-language pathology and audiology (SLPA) are characterised by occupational gender segregation. Reasons given by men are a lack of awareness of SLPA; a perception of poor salaries; a perception of poor working conditions; a stereotype that the profession is a female occupation; and a perception that working with children is feminine. Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the perceptions of male students in a specific SLPA training programme regarding gender imbalances...
May 16, 2018: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781647/autonomic-regulation-in-response-to-stress-the-influence-of-anticipatory-emotion-regulation-strategies-and-trait-rumination
#3
Selene Nasso, Marie-Anne Vanderhasselt, Ineke Demeyer, Rudi De Raedt
According to the neurocognitive framework for regulation expectation, adaptively regulating emotions in anticipation of a stressful event should help individuals deal with the stressor itself. The goal of this study was twofold: first, the authors compared the influence of adaptive versus maladaptive anticipatory emotion regulation (ER) on the autonomic system during anticipation of, confrontation with, and recovery from a stressor; second, they explored whether trait rumination moderated this relationship...
May 21, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781631/critical-consciousness-and-intent-to-persist-through-college-in-daca-and-u-s-citizen-students-the-role-of-immigration-status-race-and-ethnicity
#4
Germán A Cadenas, Bianca L Bernstein, Terence J G Tracey
OBJECTIVES: We used the model of critical consciousness (CC; Freire, 1973) to examine college persistence in a sample of Hispanic Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) college students in contrast to Hispanic and non-Hispanic White U.S. citizens. To do this, we looked to social cognitive career theory (Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994) to clarify the development of CC and its association with college persistence in students facing marginalization due to immigration status and racial/ethnic identity...
May 21, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781169/effects-of-urbanization-on-the-population-structure-of-freshwater-turtles-across-the-united-states
#5
David R Bowne, Bradley J Cosentino, Laurel J Anderson, Christopher P Bloch, Sandra Cooke, Patrick W Crumrine, Jason Dallas, Alexandra Doran, Jerald J Dosch, Daniel L Druckenbrod, Richard D Durtsche, Danielle Garneau, Kristen S Genet, Todd S Fredericksen, Peter A Kish, Mary Beth Kolozsvary, Frank T Kuserk, Erin S Lindquist, Carol Mankiewicz, James G March, Timothy J Muir, K Greg Murray, Madeline N Santulli, Frank J Sicignano, Peter D Smallwood, Rebecca A Urban, Kathy Winnett-Murray, Craig R Zimmermann
Landscape-scale alterations that accompany urbanization may negatively affect the population structure of wildlife species such as freshwater turtles. Changes to nesting sites and higher mortality rates due to vehicular collisions and increased predator populations may particularly affect immature turtles and mature female turtles. We hypothesized that the proportions of adult female and immature turtles in a population will negatively correlate with landscape urbanization. As a collaborative effort of the Ecological Research as Education Network (EREN), we sampled freshwater turtle populations in 11 states across the central and eastern United States...
May 20, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780578/towards-the-development-of-day-one-competences-in-veterinary-behaviour-medicine-survey-of-veterinary-professionals-experience-in-companion-animal-practice-in-ireland
#6
Olwen Golden, Alison J Hanlon
Background: Veterinary behaviour medicine should be a foundation subject of the veterinary curriculum because of its wide scope of applications to veterinary practice. Private practitioners are likely to be the primary source of information on animal behaviour for most pet owners, however studies indicate that behavioural issues are not frequently discussed during companion animal consultations and many practitioners lack confidence in dealing with behavioural problems, likely due to poor coverage of this subject in veterinary education...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779421/mentoring-undergraduates-in-academic-medicine
#7
Lorna Leandro, Nikhil Joshi, Benjamin Zucker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779146/food-addiction-orthorexia-and-food-related-stress-among-dietetics-students
#8
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Konstantinos Gkiouras, Anastasia Markaki, Xenophon Theodoridis, Vasiliki Tsakiri, Pantelis Mavridis, Theodore Dardavessis, Michael Chourdakis
PURPOSE: Health sciences, and in particular Nutrition and Dietetics students, have been shown to exhibit an increased prevalence of disordered eating. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate other specified feeding and eating disorders (OSFEDs), including stress-related eating, food addiction, and orthorexia, in relation to the dietary intake, among nutrition/dietetics students. METHODS: A total of 176 undergraduate students from a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, in Greece, participated in the study...
May 19, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778000/anxiety-moderates-the-effects-of-stressor-controllability-and-cognitive-reappraisal-on-distress-following-aversive-exposure-an-experimental-investigation
#9
Lillian Le, Michelle Moulds, Angela Nickerson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Emerging evidence suggests that the effectiveness of cognitive reappraisal (CR) depends on different factors, including the individual's psychological wellbeing (e.g., level of anxiety) and the context in which the strategy is used (e.g., stressor controllability). The present study aimed to investigate the emotional (negative affect) and physiological (skin conductance levels) effects of emotion regulation following exposure to controllable versus uncontrollable stress...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777970/understanding-self-concealment-within-a-framework-of-eating-disorder-cognitions-and-body-image-flexibility-conceptual-and-applied-implications
#10
Akihiko Masuda, Janet D Latner, John P Barlie, Kayla Sargent
Although self-concealment has been long recognized in the context of body image disturbance and disordered eating concerns, empirical evidence remains limited. Following cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) models of disordered eating and body image concerns, the present cross-sectional study examined whether the construct of self-concealment was related to disordered eating and body image concerns. More specifically, we investigated whether eating disorder cognitions and body image flexibility, two factors linked to the maintenance of disordered eating concerns, are uniquely associated with self-concealment, while controlling for key demographic and sociocultural variables...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777479/frontal-delta-beta-cross-frequency-coupling-in-high-and-low-social-anxiety-an-index-of-stress-regulation
#11
Eefje S Poppelaars, Anita Harrewijn, P Michiel Westenberg, Melle J W van der Molen
Cross-frequency coupling (CFC) between frontal delta (1-4 Hz) and beta (14-30 Hz) oscillations has been suggested as a candidate neural correlate of social anxiety disorder, a disorder characterized by fear and avoidance of social and performance situations. Prior studies have used amplitude-amplitude correlation (AAC) as a CFC measure and hypothesized it as a candidate neural mechanism of affective control. However, using this metric has yielded inconsistent results regarding the direction of CFC, and the functional significance of coupling strength is uncertain...
May 17, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776531/an-evaluation-of-a-college-campus-emergency-preparedness-intervention
#12
Christofer Skurka, Brian L Quick, Tobias Reynolds-Tylus, Todd Short, Ann L Bryan
INTRODUCTION: Given the range of emergencies that beset postsecondary institutions, university administrators must take a multimodal approach to prepare campus stakeholders for safety threats. One such strategy is emergency preparedness communication. METHODS: In the present investigation, we tested the efficacy of a professionally produced video that uses the federally endorsed slogan, Run-Hide-Fight(r). Undergraduate students participated in a quasi-experiment with a pretest-posttest-delayed posttest control group design...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775171/competency-standards-for-newly-graduated-prosthetist-orthotists-in-sweden
#13
Nerrolyn Ramstrand, Simon Ramstrand
BACKGROUND: There are currently no national competency standards upon which to develop educational objectives for prosthetist/orthotists in Sweden. While standards have been developed in other countries, they cannot be applied without confirming their relevance in a Swedish context. OBJECTIVES: To describe and obtain consensus on core competencies required for newly graduated prosthetist/orthotists in Sweden. STUDY DESIGN: Modified Delphi process...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775167/prosthetic-and-orthotic-students-attitudes-toward-addressing-sexual-health-in-their-future-profession
#14
Kristina Areskoug-Josefsson, Fredrik Thidell, Bo Rolander, Nerrolyn Ramstrand
BACKGROUND: Prosthetists and orthotists have a responsibility to direct treatment toward enabling their clients to perform desired activities and to facilitate participation of their clients in all areas of life. This may include provision of assistive technologies to help clients meet goals related to participation in sexual activities. To help prosthetic and orthotic students develop competencies in dealing with the sexual health of their future clients, it is necessary to generate knowledge of their own perceived competence and capacity...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774970/priming-patient-safety-a-middle-range-theory-of-safety-goal-priming-via-safety-culture-communication
#15
Patricia S Groves, Jacinda L Bunch
The aim of this paper is discussion of a new middle-range theory of patient safety goal priming via safety culture communication. Bedside nurses are key to safe care, but there is little theory about how organizations can influence nursing behavior through safety culture to improve patient safety outcomes. We theorize patient safety goal priming via safety culture communication may support organizations in this endeavor. According to this theory, hospital safety culture communication activates a previously held patient safety goal and increases the perceived value of actions nurses can take to achieve that goal...
May 18, 2018: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771817/high-value-cost-conscious-communication-skills-in-undergraduate-medical-education-validity-evidence-for-scores-derived-from-two-standardized-patient-scenarios
#16
Neena Natt, Stephanie R Starr, Darcy A Reed, Yoon Soo Park, Liselotte N Dyrbye, Andrea N Leep Hunderfund
INTRODUCTION: Training in high-value, cost-conscious care (HVCCC) is increasingly being incorporated into medical school curricula, but students may have limited opportunities to engage patients in HVCCC conversations. The aim of this study was to develop two standardized patient scenarios with associated checklists, hypothesizing that resulting scores would allow for valid formative assessments of HVCCC communication skills. METHODS: Scenarios were designed to generate a less-is-more conversation (in response to a patient requesting an unnecessary test) and a shared decision-making conversation (in response to a patient choosing between multiple effective treatment options)...
May 15, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771561/mood-selectively-moderates-the-implicit-alcohol-association-drinking-relation-in-college-student-heavy-episodic-drinkers
#17
Kristen P Lindgren, Jason J Ramirez, Reinout W Wiers, Bethany A Teachman, Jeanette Norris, Cecilia C Olin, Melissa L Gasser, Debra Kaysen, Clayton Neighbors
Multiple studies indicate that implicit alcohol-related associations (i.e., indices of relatively fast, spontaneous processes) predict drinking. An important next step is to investigate moderators of the implicit association-drinking relationship. Mood state has been proposed as a moderator of this relationship: implicit associations have been theorized to be stronger predictors of drinking under positive mood states. From the same theoretical perspective, explicit measures (indices of relatively slow, reflective processes) have been proposed to be stronger predictors of drinking under negative mood states...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770437/evaluation-of-video-self-instruction-for-implementing-paired-stimulus-preference-assessments
#18
Candice Hansard, Ellie Kazemi
We trained four undergraduate students who reported no prior experience implementing behavior-analytic procedures to conduct a paired-stimulus preference assessment using a video self-instruction package. The package was composed of several components from prior research (i.e., a voice-over script, written instructions, multiple video models per step, and instructions for the trainee to rehearse throughout the video presentation). We used a nonconcurrent, multiple-baseline-across-participants design and found that all participants accurately implemented the preference assessment with a simulated client after viewing the video once...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770243/mobile-technology-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-a-systematic-review
#19
Hyejung Lee, Haeyoung Min, Su-Mi Oh, Kaka Shim
Objectives: This study aimed to identify and systematically review the literature on the use of mobile technology in nursing education. The research findings could evidence the effectiveness of mobile technology in undergraduate nursing students' learning outcomes. Methods: Computerized searches were conducted using the Ovid-MEDLINE, Ovid-EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and CINAHL databases for relevant primary studies and limited to those between 2000 and February 2018...
April 2018: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769495/analyses-of-the-neuroanatomy-portion-of-the-anatomy-question-papers-for-written-summative-assessment-at-the-medical-undergraduate-level-in-bangladesh
#20
M Akter, K M Shamim, N F Amin
Neuroanatomy is a vital part of the undergraduate medical (MBBS) Anatomy curriculum of different universities of Bangladesh. The teaching-learning and assessment of Neuroanatomy have gone through significant changes in current times in various parts of the world. Neuroanatomy textbooks are supposed to be useful reflectors of these changes and of the present inclinations. The importance of an understanding approach towards Neuroanatomy is beyond doubt. Consequently, the contemporary Neuroanatomy books are inclined more towards an understanding approach in their presentation...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
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