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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551315/prevalence-of-exercise-addiction-symptomology-and-disordered-eating-in-australian-students-studying-nutrition-and-dietetics
#1
Tetyana Rocks, Fiona Pelly, Gary Slater, Lisa Anne Martin
BACKGROUND: Previous research has reported the existence of disordered eating in students studying nutrition and dietetics. However, the occurrence of exercise addiction, previously linked to disordered eating, is poorly understood in this group. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to explore the prevalence of self-reported symptoms of exercise addiction and the association with disordered eating in a sample of students studying nutrition and dietetics...
May 25, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550078/race-and-gender-differences-in-undergraduate-research-mentoring-structures-and-research-outcomes
#2
Melissa L Aikens, Melissa M Robertson, Sona Sadselia, Keiana Watkins, Mara Evans, Christopher R Runyon, Lillian T Eby, Erin L Dolan
Participating in undergraduate research with mentorship from faculty may be particularly important for ensuring the persistence of women and minority students in science. Yet many life science undergraduates at research universities are mentored by graduate or postdoctoral researchers (i.e., postgraduates). We surveyed a national sample of undergraduate life science researchers about the mentoring structure of their research experiences and the outcomes they realized from participating in research. We observed two common mentoring structures: an open triad with undergraduate-postgraduate and postgraduate-faculty ties but no undergraduate-faculty tie, and a closed triad with ties among all three members...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549805/immunization-requirements-of-the-top-200-universities-implications-for-vaccine-hesitant-families
#3
Allison Noesekabel, Ada M Fenick
BACKGROUND: The majority of pediatricians encounter vaccine hesitancy in their practices. As part of a broad discussion about vaccination, school requirements arise as a topic yet providers may lack information about the effects of immunization on university matriculation. METHODS: We surveyed the top-ranked 200 universities regarding required immunizations, medical, religious, and philosophical exemptions, and noncompliance policies. We examined the legal requirements for involved jurisdictions...
May 23, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549464/is-the-delivery-of-a-quality-improvement-education-programme-in-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-for-final-year-medical-students-feasible-and-still-effective-in-a-shortened-time-frame
#4
Bridget Kool, Michelle R Wise, Roshini Peiris-John, Lynn Sadler, Faith Mahony, Susan Wells
BACKGROUND: Teaching clinical audit skills to nascent health professionals is one strategy to improve frontline care. The undergraduate medical curriculum at the University of Auckland provides improvement science theory and skills in Year 5 teaching, and the opportunity to put this into practice during an Obstetrics and Gynaecology (O&G) clinical attachment in Year 6. In 2015, a revised medical school curriculum at the university resulted in a planned reduction of the O&G attachment from five weeks to four, necessitating revision of the Year 6 Quality Improvement (QI) project...
May 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548555/transforming-students-attitudes-and-anxieties-toward-death-and-loss
#5
Cara L Wallace, Harriet L Cohen, David A Jenkins
This study examines the impact of a death and dying course on 39 undergraduate students' attitudes and anxieties about death. Authors outline key aspects of the curriculum used in the course and discuss how the approach lends itself to a transformative learning experience related to death and loss, preparing students who will face clients with a variety of needs in these areas across practice settings. The majority of students ( n = 34) experienced a decrease in death avoidance, fear of death, and overall death anxiety...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547893/feeling-unrestricted-by-rules-ostracism-promotes-aggressive-responses
#6
Kai-Tak Poon, Fei Teng
The current research consisted of three studies (overall N = 338; 59 men; mean age = 19.98; SD = 1.75), which aimed to examine whether ostracism promotes aggression through enhanced feelings of rule negligence by adopting a multi-method approach. Participants were undergraduate students in a public university in Hong Kong and they only participated in one of the three studies. The results showed that ostracized participants reported higher levels of rule negligence and aggression than non-ostracized participants (Studies 1 and 2)...
May 26, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546609/just-one-thing-a-novel-patient-feedback-model
#7
I Gharib, S L Rolland, H Bateman, J S Ellis
In response to the Educational Standards of the UK's General Dental Council, Newcastle University, School of Dental Sciences introduced a patient feedback card to gather and incorporate patient feedback into their undergraduate assessment framework. The cards ask for patient response to two questions about their experience, and also ask patients to identify 'Just One Thing' (JOT) the student could do to improve this. JOT cards completed during a two week period were collected to evaluate and analyse the nature of patient responses within this model...
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546050/shared-decision-making-in-argentina-in-2017
#8
Mariela Barani, Karin Kopitowski, Carolina Carrara, María Victoria Ruiz Yanzi
Argentina is a high-middle income country located in Southern South America with an estimated population of 44 million inhabitants. The epidemiological profile of the population is characterised by an increase of non-communicable diseases. The health system is heterogeneous, fragmented and loosely integrated. There are no unified research agenda or government initiatives encouraging the implementation of and research on Shared Decision-Making (SDM). Progress has been made lately to respect patient autonomy through the enactment of the 'Patients' Rights Act', which expressly enshrines the right of patients to get information as a key element of decision-making...
May 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545616/peer-assisted-learning-pal-in-undergraduate-medical-education-an-overview
#9
REVIEW
Anne Herrmann-Werner, Regina Gramer, Rebecca Erschens, Christoph Nikendei, Annette Wosnik, Jan Griewatz, Stephan Zipfel, Florian Junne
Peer-assisted learning (PAL) has a long tradition and is nowadays implemented in the curricula of most medical faculties. Besides traditional areas of application like problem-based learning, anatomy, or CPR, more and more departments and institutes have established PAL as part of their everyday teaching. This narrative review provides some background information and basic definitions of PAL. It offers an overview on features and determinants as well as underlying learning theories and developments in PAL. In addition, motives for implementation are highlighted followed by a comparison of advantages and disadvantages...
April 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545133/survey-of-health-literacy-level-and-related-influencing-factors-in-military-college-students-in-chongqing-china-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#10
Honghui Rong, Xin Cheng, Jose M Garcia, Ling Zhang, Lu Lu, Jian Fang, Mingshan Le, Peng Hu, Xinlu Dong, Junli Yang, Ya Wang, Ting Luo, Jun Liu, Ji-An Chen
Health literacy (HL) has become an important public health issue and is receiving growing attention. However, the HL levels of military college students in China have never been analyzed. This study aimed to investigate the HL and related associate factors in military college students in Chongqing, China. Data was obtained with the "Chinese Citizen Health Literacy Questionnaire (2012 edition)" from 3183 military college students aged 16-28 years at Chongqing in December 2015. A total score of ≥80 points determined adequate HL, and HL level was defined as the proportion of students who had adequate HL out of the total number of participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544985/experiences-of-nursing-students-and-educators-during-the-co-construction-of-clinical-nursing-leadership-learning-activities-a-qualitative-research-and-development-study
#11
Laurence Ha, Jacinthe Pepin
BACKGROUND: Student voice posits that students' unique perspectives on teaching and learning can be used in conjunction with those of educators to create meaningful educational activities. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to describe nursing students' and educators' experiences during the co-construction of educational activities involving clinical nursing leadership. DESIGN: Qualitative research and development model. SETTING: The study was conducted at a French-Canadian nursing faculty that provides a 3-year undergraduate program...
May 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544448/using-pymol-to-explore-the-effects-of-ph-on-noncovalent-interactions-between-immunoglobulin-g-and-protein-a-a-guided-inquiry-biochemistry-activity
#12
Zahilyn D Roche Allred, Heeyoung Tai, Stacey Lowery Bretz, Richard C Page
Students' understandings of foundational concepts such as noncovalent interactions, pH and pKa are crucial for success in undergraduate biochemistry courses. We developed a guided-inquiry activity to aid students in making connections between noncovalent interactions and pH/pKa . Students explore these concepts by examining the primary and tertiary structures of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and Protein A. Students use PyMOL, an open source molecular visualization application, to (1) identify hydrogen bonds and salt bridges between and within the proteins at physiological pH and (2) apply their knowledge of pH/pKa to association rate constant data for these proteins at pH 4 and pH 11...
May 24, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542834/dentists-restorative-decision-making-and-implications-for-an-amalgamless-profession-part-5-knowledge-factors
#13
G Alexander, M S Hopcraft, M J Tyas, R H K Wong
BACKGROUND: A phase-down of amalgam in Australia is possible given the Australian Government intends to ratify the Minamata Convention. There is little research as to the influence of a dentist's knowledge on decision-making, which may be of use when determining the impact of any change. METHODS: An online survey relating to aspects of and attitudes to use of direct restorative materials was distributed to all dentists who were members of the Australian Dental Association or Members or Fellows of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons...
May 25, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542431/the-mediating-role-of-rumination-in-the-relation-between-attentional-bias-towards-thin-female-bodies-and-eating-disorder-symptomatology
#14
Laura Dondzilo, Elizabeth Rieger, Romina Palermo, Susan Byrne, Jason Bell
The present study sought to investigate the association between selective attentional processing of body images, rumination, and eating disorder symptoms in young women. Seventy-three undergraduate female students (ages 17-24) completed a modified dot-probe task to assess whether young women showed a differential attentional bias pattern towards thin and non-thin female bodies. Participants also completed self-report measures of eating disorder pathology. It was found that increased reports of dietary restraint and body dissatisfaction were associated with both greater attentional bias towards thin bodies and avoidance of non-thin bodies (as compared to neutral images), although the former relationship was stronger than the latter...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541238/attitudes-of-psychology-students-to-depression-and-its-treatment-implications-for-clinical-practice
#15
M Economou, L E Peppou, K Geroulanou, K Kontoangelos, A Prokopi, A Pantazi, A Zervakaki, C N Stefanis
Stigma and mental health literacy affect access to and quality of treatment of major depression. Though mental health professionals seem better able to recognize major depression than the general public, they often hold similarly stigmatizing attitudes towards people suffering from the disorder. These attitudes are shaped jointly by the public stigma attached to mental illnesses as well as by the content and delivery of mental health professionals' undergraduate training. In line with this, the present study aimed to explore psychology students' ability to recognize major depression, their attitudes towards the disorder, and their views surrounding helpfulness of various interventions...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541235/rates-of-childhood-trauma-in-a-sample-of-university-students-in-greece-the-greek-version-of-the-early-trauma-inventory-self-report
#16
Z Antonopoulou, G Konstantakopoulos, M Τzinieri-Coccosis, C Sinodinou
The self-report Early Trauma Inventory (ETI-SR-SF) was developed by Bremner et al in 2007 and has been proven a valid tool for the assessment of childhood trauma. The inventory covers four types of traumatic experiences: general trauma, physical abuse, emotional abuse and sexual abuse. The primary aim of the present study was to assess the internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent validity and factor structure of the Greek version of the ETI-SR-SF. The study sample consisted of 605 individuals (402 women), undergraduate and postgraduate students of Athens universities with a mean age of 24...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540874/computer-assisted-objective-structured-clinical-examination-versus-objective-structured-clinical-examination-in-assessment-of-dermatology-undergraduate-students
#17
Richa Chaudhary, Chander Grover, S N Bhattacharya, Arun Sharma
BACKGROUND: The assessment of dermatology undergraduates is being done through computer assisted objective structured clinical examination at our institution for the last 4 years. We attempted to compare objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) and computer assisted objective structured clinical examination (CA-OSCE) as assessment tools. AIM: To assess the relative effectiveness of CA-OSCE and OSCE as assessment tools for undergraduate dermatology trainees...
May 22, 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540102/awareness-and-knowledge-of-undergraduate-dental-students-about-sterilization-disinfection-methods-of-extracted-human-teeth
#18
S C Deogade, S S Mantri, S Saxena, K Sumathi
BACKGROUND: Dental undergraduate students work on extracted human teeth in preclinical practical's to learn technical skills before entering the clinics and delivering dental care to the patients. AIM: The aim of the present investigation was to assess the awareness and knowledge toward sterilization/disinfection methods of extracted human teeth in a selected group of Indian dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, the participants consisted of 2(nd)-, 3(rd)-, 4(th)-, and 5(th)-year dental students...
November 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538231/informal-peer-assisted-learning-groups-did-not-lead-to-better-performance-of-saudi-dental-students
#19
Maha AbdelSalam, Maha El Tantawi, Asim Al-Ansari, Adel AlAgl, Fahad Al-Harbi
OBJECTIVES: To describe peer-assisted learning (PAL) groups formed by dental undergraduate students in a biomedical course and investigate the association of individual and group characteristics with academic performance. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In 2015, 92 4th yr. students (males: 43; females: 49) in the College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia were invited to form PAL groups to study a unit in a biomedical course. An examination was used to assess their knowledge after two weeks...
May 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535851/dancers-perceived-and-actual-knowledge-of-anatomy
#20
Dana H Kotler, Meaghan Lynch, Daniel Cushman, Jason Hu, Jocelyn Garner
Dancers are highly susceptible to musculoskeletal injuries and frequently require interaction with medical professionals. While many dancers have a finely tuned awareness of their bodies, their knowledge of the fundamentals of human anatomy is not uniform. There is a paucity of literature on the benefits of human anatomy education in dancers, though it seems intuitive that there should be a relationship. The purpose of this study was to assess dancers' perceived and actual knowledge of basic musculoskeletal anatomy and its relationship to function...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
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