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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923150/an-analysis-of-alumni-performance-a-study-of-the-quality-of-nursing-education
#1
Serap Altuntaş, Ülkü Baykal
BACKGROUND: The professional performance level of their alumni is one of the quality indicators of educational institutions. Nursing education institutions can use their alumni's performance analysis results to enhance their curricula, eliminate deficiencies, improve the quality of education and graduate more highly qualified nurses. OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional and comparative study, which aimed to determine the professional performances of nurses who graduated from the same nursing faculty...
November 29, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923091/association-between-learning-environment-interventions-and-medical-student-well-being-a-systematic-review
#2
Lauren T Wasson, Amberle Cusmano, Laura Meli, Irene Louh, Louise Falzon, Meghan Hampsey, Geoffrey Young, Jonathan Shaffer, Karina W Davidson
Importance: Concerns exist about the current quality of undergraduate medical education and its effect on students' well-being. Objective: To identify best practices for undergraduate medical education learning environment interventions that are associated with improved emotional well-being of students. Data Sources: Learning environment interventions were identified by searching the biomedical electronic databases Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and ERIC from database inception dates to October 2016...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921377/student-led-innovation-project-play-enhancing-paediatric-involvement-for-undergraduates
#3
Harriette Pearson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920743/replication-rate-framing-and-format-affect-attitudes-and-decisions-about-science-claims
#4
Ralph M Barnes, Stephanie J Tobin, Heather M Johnston, Noah MacKenzie, Chelsea M Taglang
A series of five experiments examined how the evaluation of a scientific finding was influenced by information about the number of studies that had successfully replicated the initial finding. The experiments also tested the impact of frame (negative, positive) and numeric format (percentage, natural frequency) on the evaluation of scientific findings. In Experiments 1 through 4, an attitude difference score served as the dependent measure, while a measure of choice served as the dependent measure in Experiment 5...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920736/protective-effect-of-self-compassion-to-emotional-response-among-students-with-chronic-academic-stress
#5
Yonghong Zhang, Xi Luo, Xianwei Che, Wenjie Duan
The literature has shown that self-compassion is a protective factor of an individual's emotional response to chronic stress. However, this stress-buffering effect has not been completely analyzed in individuals who report significantly high academic stress. The present study explored the role of self-compassion in a group of undergraduate students who experience chronic academic stress. A total of 208 undergraduate students who were preparing for the Postgraduate Entrance Examination (PEE) were recruited and completed the Self-Compassion Scale, Adolescent Self-Rating Life Event Check List, and Positive and Negative Affect Schedule...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920594/undergraduate-hematology-a-more-integrated-approach
#6
COMMENT
Matteo A Di Carlofelice, Jack Ft Cope
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920360/effects-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-stress-and-social-support-on-the-health-of-college-students
#7
Canan Karatekin, Rohini Ahluwalia
The goal of the study was to describe the nature of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) reported by undergraduates and to examine the effect of ACEs, perceived stress, and perceived social support on their health. Although respondents (N = 321) had parents with relatively high levels of education and indicated generally high levels of social support, results nevertheless showed a relatively high level of mental health problems and rates of ACEs that were similar to those in the general population in the state...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920263/examining-implicit-and-explicit-evaluations-of-sexual-aggression-and-sexually-aggressive-behavior-in-men-recruited-online
#8
Chantal A Hermann, Kevin L Nunes, Sacha Maimone
The purpose of the current study was to explore the relationship between implicit and explicit evaluations of sexual aggression and indicators of sexually aggressive behavior in samples of students and community men recruited online. Participants were male undergraduate students recruited online from a Canadian University (N = 150) and men recruited from the community via an online panel (N = 378). Participants completed measures of implicit and explicit evaluations of sexual aggression, cognitive distortions regarding rape, self-reported past sexually aggressive behavior, and self-reported proclivity to commit sexually aggressive behavior...
December 5, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919772/pain-anxiety-and-its-association-with-pain-congruence-trajectories-during-the-cold-pressor-task
#9
S M Clark, A Cano, L Goubert, J W S Vlaeyen, L H Wurm, A M Corley
: Incongruence of pain severity ratings among people experiencing pain and their observers has been linked to psychological distress. Previous studies have measured pain rating congruence through static self-report, involving a single rating of pain; however, this method does not capture changes in ratings over time. The present study examined the extent to which partners were congruent on multiple ratings of a participants' pain severity during the cold pressor task. Furthermore, two components of pain anxiety-pain catastrophizing and perceived threat-were examined as predictors of pain congruence...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919441/male-reproductive-health-training-during-undergraduate-medical-education-an-unmet-need-for-the-next-generation
#10
EDITORIAL
Esther Finney, Robert E Brannigan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918904/nursing-students-perceptions-of-the-qualities-of-a-clinical-facilitator-that-enhance-learning
#11
Linda Sweet, Julie Broadbent
There is a wealth of research investigating the role of the clinical facilitator and the student experience of clinical education. However, there is a paucity of recent research reviewing the students' perspectives of facilitators' qualities that influence their learning. This paper explores undergraduate nursing students' perceptions of the qualities of a clinical facilitator that enhanced their learning. The study was designed as a cross-sectional survey. A total of 452 third year nursing students at one Australian University were invited to participate...
November 29, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918867/case-based-interprofessional-learning-for-undergraduate-healthcare-professionals-in-the-clinical-setting
#12
Jamal Nasir, Julie Goldie, Annabel Little, Debasish Banerjee, Scott Reeves
Interprofessional learning (IPL) within the healthcare setting has well documented positive outcomes for patients, yet it is not widely offered at the undergraduate level, particularly in a clinical setting. We set up case-based teaching scenarios involving a real patient, aimed at small groups of four students representing two or more healthcare professions. The aim of the sessions was to give students a greater awareness of the roles of all the different healthcare professions involved in patient care in a hospital setting...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918850/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-community-based-interprofessional-learning-activity
#13
Ellen L Luebbers, Mary A Dolansky, Anton Vehovec, Gayle Petty
Implementation of large-scale, meaningful interprofessional learning activities for pre-licensure students has significant barriers and requires novel approaches to ensure success. To accomplish this goal, faculty at Case Western Reserve University, Ohio, USA, used the Ottawa Model of Research Use (OMRU) framework to create, improve, and sustain a community-based interprofessional learning activity for large numbers of medical students (N = 177) and nursing students (N = 154). The model guided the process and included identification of context-specific barriers and facilitators, continual monitoring and improvement using data, and evaluation of student learning outcomes as well as programme outcomes...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918743/could-formaldehyde-induce-mutagenic-and-cytotoxic-effects-in-buccal-epithelial-cells-during-anatomy-classes
#14
D-C Lorenzoni, L-P Pinheiro, H-S Nascimento, C-S Menegardo, R-G Silva, W-G Bautz, J-F Henriques, K-L Almeida-Coburn, L-N da Gama-de-Souza
BACKGROUND: Due to increased formaldehyde exposure, carcinogenic to humans, several researches have been studying the potential toxicity and the safe levels for human beings. The aim of this study was to investigate mutagenicity and cytotoxicity in buccal epithelial exfoliated cells (BEC) of students subjected to formaldehyde (FA) during anatomy classes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: BEC were collected periodically from 17 volunteers of undergraduate programs, who had participated in practical anatomy classes, before and after FA exposure...
December 6, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918661/how-does-a-short-interrupted-recovery-break-affect-performance-and-how-is-it-assessed-a-study-on-acute-effects
#15
Maximilian Pelka, Alexander Ferrauti, Tim Meyer, Mark Pfeiffer, Michael Kellmann
A recovery process with optimal prerequisites, which is interrupted, is termed disrupted recovery. Whether this process has an influence on performance-related factors needs to be investigated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine how a short disturbance of a recovery phase is assessed and whether subsequent repeated sprint performance is affected by it. A quasi-experimental 2x2-factors cross-over design with 34 sport science undergraduate students (age 20.3 ± 2.1) was applied. Factors were the type of intervention (power nap vs...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917803/relationship-between-internet-addiction-and-alexithymia-among-university-students
#16
Seher Baysan-Arslan, Sevsen Cebeci, Mehmet Kaya, Metin Canbal
PURPOSE: Epidemiological studies concerning internet addiction found that 50% of internet addicts also have other kinds of psychiatric disorders. This study aims to examine the relationship between alexithymia and internet addiction levels among Turgut Özal University students in Ankara, Turkey. METHOD: University students (1,107 students; 452 students from 12 associate degree programs and 655 students from 10 undergraduate programs) participated in the study. The researchers used the personal information form, the Toronto Alexithymia Scale and the Internet Addiction Scale...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917574/student-perceptions-of-exodontia-competency-assessment-in-a-uk-dental-school
#17
R Redford, C Durkan, V Sivarajasingam, C Emanuel
INTRODUCTION: Modern medical and dental training has migrated from assessing only the quantity of procedures performed to a combined assessment of both competency and quantity. This study explores student perceptions of competency assessment in exodontia at a UK dental school. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anonymous questionnaires were distributed to dental students in years three, four and five at the School of Dentistry, Cardiff University (n=149). Responses consisted of dichotomous tick boxes and 5-point Likert scales, with thematic analysis of free-text responses...
December 5, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917512/a-re-audit-of-the-technical-quality-of-undergraduate-root-canal-treatment-after-the-introduction-of-new-technology-and-teaching-practices
#18
A Donnelly, D Coffey, H F Duncan
AIM: To revaluate through re-audit the technical quality of undergraduate non-surgical root canal treatment (RCTx) in a dental teaching hospital as a result of recommended changes to teaching practices. METHODOLOGY: The technical quality of undergraduate RCTx was evaluated radiographically after educational changes and the mandatory introduction of new technologies (nickel-titanium files, apex locators, greater-taper gutta-percha points) in 182 root canals. Evaluation was based on 4 criteria; presence of voids, root canal filling termination (0-2mm of radiographic apex), all roots filled and the prepared canal contained the original anatomy...
December 5, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917142/perceived-interpersonal-burdensomeness-as-a-mediator-between-nightmare-distress-and-suicidal-ideation-in-nightmare-sufferers
#19
Sooyeon Suh, Matthew Schneider, Ruda Lee, Thomas Joiner
Previous studies have supported the significant association between nightmares and suicidal ideation, but the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. The purpose of the present study was to investigate perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness as mediators in the relationship between nightmare distress and suicidal ideation. This sample consisted of 301 undergraduate students who endorsed experiencing nightmares (mean age 21.87 ± 2.17, 78.1% female). All participants completed questionnaires on nightmare distress (Nightmare Distress Questionnaire), unmet interpersonal needs (Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire), and suicidal ideation (Depressive Symptom Inventory - Suicidality Subscale)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917137/the-academic-resilience-scale-ars-30-a-new-multidimensional-construct-measure
#20
Simon Cassidy
Resilience is a psychological construct observed in some individuals that accounts for success despite adversity. Resilience reflects the ability to bounce back, to beat the odds and is considered an asset in human characteristic terms. Academic resilience contextualizes the resilience construct and reflects an increased likelihood of educational success despite adversity. The paper provides an account of the development of a new multidimensional construct measure of academic resilience. The 30 item Academic Resilience Scale (ARS-30) explores process-as opposed to outcome-aspects of resilience, providing a measure of academic resilience based on students' specific adaptive cognitive-affective and behavioral responses to academic adversity...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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