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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239945/the-effect-of-viewing-video-clips-of-paediatric-local-anaesthetic-administration-on-the-confidence-of-undergraduate-dental-students
#1
K P Kenny, A M Alkazme, P F Day
INTRODUCTION: Dental treatment for children requires not only technical skills, but also the knowledge and confidence to provide behaviour management to support children of differing ages and stages of development. It is not surprising then that dental students find treating children especially stressful. Paediatric dentistry training is therefore a vital element of the undergraduate dental curriculum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-six fourth-year undergraduate dental students received standard lectures and seminars about behaviour management techniques for children having local anaesthetic...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239603/framing-undergraduate-public-health-education-as-liberal-education-who-are-we-training-our-students-to-be-and-how-do-we-do-that
#2
Marc T Kiviniemi, Sara L C Mackenzie
The rapid development of the undergraduate major in public health over the past 15 years has led to a debate about the most appropriate framing for the degree. Should it be viewed as a liberal education degree (akin to academic disciplines such as psychology and political science) or as a professional training degree (akin to disciplines such as nursing and management)? This paper presents an overview of both the liberal education and the professional training degree approaches to the undergraduate public health degree...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236053/almost-psychiatry-the-impact-of-teaching-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-studies-to-undergraduate-college-students
#3
Ursula Diamond, Christina A Di Bartolo, Emily Badin, Jess P Shatkin
OBJECTIVE: The Child and Adolescent Mental Health Studies (CAMS) program is housed in a Liberal Arts undergraduate college of a large research university. Psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, and social workers at the university's medical center teach the courses. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the extent to which CAMS encourages graduates of the program to pursue a career in child and adolescent mental health (CAMH). METHODS: In 2015-2016, graduates of the CAMS program were invited to participate in a mixed methods study...
February 24, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235755/classical-and-novel-pharmacological-insights-offered-by-the-simple-chick-cardiomyocyte-cell-culture-model-a-valuable-teaching-aid-and-a-primer-for-real-research
#4
N S Freestone, C L S Sam
The chick embryo cardiomyocyte model of cell culture is a staple technique in many physiology and pharmacology laboratories. Despite the relative simplicity, robustness, and reproducibility inherent in this model, it can be used in a variety of ways to yield important new insights that help facilitate student understanding of underlying physiological and pharmacological concepts as well as, more generally, the scientific method. Using this model, this paper will show real data obtained by undergraduate students in the authors' laboratories...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235754/assessing-students-ability-to-critically-evaluate-evidence-in-an-inquiry-based-undergraduate-laboratory-course
#5
Kay Colthorpe, Hyab Mehari Abraha, Kirsten Zimbardi, Louise Ainscough, Jereme G Spiers, Hsiao-Jou Cortina Chen, Nickolas A Lavidis
The ability to critically evaluate and use evidence from one's own work or from primary literature is invaluable to any researcher. These skills include the ability to identify strengths and weakness of primary literature, to gauge the impact of research findings on a field, to identify gaps in a field that require more research, and to contextualize findings within a field. This study developed a model to examine undergraduate science students' abilities to critically evaluate and use evidence through an analysis of laboratory reports from control and experimental groups in nonresearch-aligned and research-aligned inquiry-based laboratory classes, respectively, and contrasted these with published scientific research articles...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235565/neural-correlates-of-social-exclusion-across-ages-a-coordinate-based-meta-analysis-of-functional-mri-studies
#6
REVIEW
Nandita Vijayakumar, Theresa W Cheng, Jennifer H Pfeifer
Given the recent surge in functional neuroimaging studies on social exclusion, the current study employed activation likelihood estimation (ALE) based meta-analyses to identify brain regions that have consistently been implicated across different experimental paradigms used to investigate exclusion. We also examined the neural correlates underlying Cyberball, the most commonly used paradigm to study exclusion, as well as differences in exclusion-related activation between developing (7-18 years of age, from pre-adolescence up to late adolescence) and emerging adult (broadly defined as undergraduates, including late adolescence and young adulthood) samples...
February 21, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235397/unsupportive-social-interactions-and-affective-states-examining-associations-of-two-oxytocin-related-polymorphisms
#7
Opal A McInnis, Robyn J McQuaid, Kimberly Matheson, Hymie Anisman
Two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on oxytocin-related genes, specifically the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) rs53576 and the CD38 rs3796863 variants, have been associated with alterations in prosocial behaviors. A cross-sectional study was conducted among undergraduate students (N = 476) to examine associations between the OXTR and CD38 polymorphisms and unsupportive social interactions and mood states. Results revealed no association between perceived levels of unsupportive social interactions and the OXTR polymorphism...
January 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231492/family-history-density-of-substance-use-problems-among-undergraduate-college-students-associations-with-heavy-alcohol-use-and-alcohol-use-disorder
#8
Gregory Powers, Lisa Berger, Daniel Fuhrmann, Michael Fendrich
PURPOSE: A family history of alcoholism has been found associated with problematic alcohol use among college students, but less research has examined the effects of family history density of substance use problems in this population. This study examined the prevalence of family history density of substance use problems and its associations with heavy alcohol use, negative alcohol consequences, and alcohol use disorder in a college sample. METHODS: Based on a secondary analysis of a probability sample, data were analyzed from 606 undergraduate students...
February 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230911/interventions-to-reduce-the-stigma-of-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Joanna R Doley, Laura M Hart, Arthur A Stukas, Katja Petrovic, Ayoub Bouguettaya, Susan J Paxton
Stigma is a problem for individuals with eating disorders (EDs), forming a barrier to disclosure and help-seeking. Interventions to reduce ED stigma may help remove these barriers; however, it is not known which strategies (e.g., explaining etiology to reduce blame, contact with a person with an ED, or educating about ED) are effective in reducing stigma and related outcomes. This review described effectiveness of intervention strategies, and identified gaps in the literature. A search of four databases was performed using the terms (eating disorder* OR bulimi* OR anorexi* OR binge-eating disorder) AND (stigma* OR stereotyp* OR beliefs OR negative attitudes) AND (program OR experiment OR intervention OR education), with additional texts sought through LISTSERVs...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230335/undergraduate-medical-academic-performance-is-improved-by-scientific-training
#10
Lili Zhang, Wei Zhang, Chong Wu, Zhongming Liu, Yunfei Cai, Xingguo Cao, Yushan He, Guoxiang Liu, Hongming Miao
The effect of scientific training on course learning in undergraduates is still controversial. In this study, we investigated the academic performance of undergraduate students with and without scientific training. The results show that scientific training improves students' test scores in general medical courses, such as biochemistry and molecular biology, cell biology, physiology, and even English. We classified scientific training into four levels. We found that literature reading could significantly improve students' test scores in general courses...
February 23, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229833/portuguese-medical-students-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-homosexuality
#11
Lucas Lopes, Jorge Gato, Manuel Esteves
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people still face discrimination in healthcare environments and physicians often report lack of knowledge on this population's specific healthcare needs. In fact, recommendations have been put forward to include lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender health in medical curricula. This study aimed to explore factors associated with medical students' knowledge and attitudes towards homosexuality in different years of the medical course...
November 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227471/defining-new-aims-for-bme-programs-in-latin-america-the-case-of-uam-iztapalapa
#12
J Azpiroz-Leehan, L F Martinez, M E G Urbina, M M Cadena, E Sacristan, J Azpiroz-Leehan, L F Martinez, M E G Urbina, M M Cadena, E Sacristan, M M Cadena, M E G Urbina, E Sacristan, J Azpiroz-Leehan, L F Martinez
The need for upkeep and management of medical technology has fostered the creation of a large number of under graduate programs in the field of biomedical Engineering. In Latin America alone, there are over 85 programs dedicated to this. This contrasts with programs in other regions where most of the undergraduates continue on to pursue graduate degrees or work as research and development engineers in the biomedical industry. In this work we analyze the situation regarding curricular design in the 48 BME programs in Mexico and compare this to suggestions and classifications of programs according to needs and possibilities...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227156/a-case-study-for-integrated-stem-outreach-in-an-urban-setting-using-a-do-it-yourself-vertical-jump-measurement-platform
#13
John F Drazan, Heather Danielsen, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis, Ron Eglash, John F Drazan, Heather Danielsen, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis, Ron Eglash, Heather Danielsen, Ron Eglash, John F Drazan, Matthew Vercelletto, Amy Loya, James Davis
The purpose of this study was to develop and deploy a low cost vertical jump platform using readily available materials for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education and outreach in the inner city. The platform was used to measure the jumping ability of participants to introduce students to the collection and analysis of scientific data in an engaging, accessible manner. This system was designed and fabricated by a student team of engineers as part of a socially informed engineering and design class...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227152/designing-a-hands-on-brain-computer-interface-laboratory-course
#14
Bahar Khalighinejad, Laura Kathleen Long, Nima Mesgarani, Bahar Khalighinejad, Laura Kathleen Long, Nima Mesgarani, Bahar Khalighinejad, Laura Kathleen Long, Nima Mesgarani
Devices and systems that interact with the brain have become a growing field of research and development in recent years. Engineering students are well positioned to contribute to both hardware development and signal analysis techniques in this field. However, this area has been left out of most engineering curricula. We developed an electroencephalography (EEG) based brain computer interface (BCI) laboratory course to educate students through hands-on experiments. The course is offered jointly by the Biomedical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, and Computer Science Departments of Columbia University in the City of New York and is open to senior undergraduate and graduate students...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227151/a-community-based-interdisciplinary-rehabilitation-engineering-course
#15
Mary Lundy, Juan Aceros, Mary Lundy, Juan Aceros, Juan Aceros, Mary Lundy
A novel, community-based course was created through collaboration between the School of Engineering and the Physical Therapy program at the University of North Florida. This course offers a hands-on, interdisciplinary training experience for undergraduate engineering students through team-based design projects where engineering students are partnered with physical therapy students. Students learn the process of design, fabrication and testing of low-tech and high-tech rehabilitation technology for children with disabilities, and are exposed to a clinical experience under the guidance of licensed therapists...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226304/positive-comments-negative-outcomes-the-potential-downsides-of-appearance-related-commentary-in-ethnically-diverse-women
#16
Sylvia Herbozo, Steven D Stevens, Christina P Moldovan, Holly E R Morrell
Although research has shown that appearance-related commentary influences body dissatisfaction and disordered eating, limited research has studied such commentary among ethnically diverse women. The current study examined ethnic group differences in the frequency and impact of appearance-related commentary and associations with body dissatisfaction and eating disorder psychopathology. Participants included 280 undergraduate women aged 18-25 (56.1% European American, 28.6% African American, and 15.3% Latina American)...
February 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225920/student-insight-about-the-discipline-of-surgical-technique-on-the-formative-process-in-the-school-of-medicine-of-ufrj
#17
Victor Diniz Senna, Keren Cozer, Manoel Luiz Ferreira, José Marcus Raso Eulálio, Paulo Cesar Silva, José Eduardo Ferreira Manso, Alberto Schanaider
Purpose: To evaluate whether undergraduate students feel motivated to develop surgical skills and know their impression about the importance of having a surgical technique discipline in the curriculum of a medical school. Methods: A prospective study including three classes in a row, from the 8th period (n = 265) evaluated the knowledge acquired at the Center of Experimental Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)...
January 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225733/supporting-the-call-to-action-a-review-of-nutrition-educational-interventions-in-the-health-professions-literature-and-mededportal
#18
Timothy M Dang, Lauren A Maggio
PURPOSE: Despite calls to improve nutrition education, training for medical students is inadequate. This systematic review provides an overview of published educational interventions for undergraduate-level health professionals and makes recommendations for improving nutrition training. METHOD: The authors conducted a systematic review of articles (through July 16, 2015) and examined resources in MedEdPORTAL (through September 28, 2015) focused on materials published since January 2004 that describe nutrition educational interventions for undergraduate-level health professionals...
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225732/integrating-and-assessing-structural-competency-in-an-innovative-prehealth-curriculum-at-vanderbilt-university
#19
Jonathan M Metzl, JuLeigh Petty
PROBLEM: Structural competency is a framework for conceptualizing and addressing health-related social justice issues that emphasizes diagnostic recognition of economic and political conditions producing and racializing inequalities in health. Strategies are needed to teach prehealth undergraduate students concepts central to structural competency (e.g., structural inequity, structural racism, structural stigma) and to evaluate their impact. APPROACH: The curriculum for Vanderbilt University's innovative prehealth major in medicine, health, and society (MHS) was reshaped in 2013 to incorporate structural competency concepts and skills into undergraduate courses...
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224881/avoidance-in-anxiety-and-depression-adaptation-of-the-cognitive-behavioral-avoidance-scale-in-a-spanish-sample
#20
Santiago Barajas, Luis Garra, Laura Ros
This study examines how cognitive, behavioral and experiential avoidance differs between clinical patients (N = 100), the general population (N = 100), and undergraduate students (N = 54). For this purpose, a Spanish adaptation of the Cognitive-Behavioral Avoidance Scale (CBAS; Ottenbreit & Dobson, 2004) was made. Confirmatory factor analysis supports the four factors structure similar to the original one, yet question the value of three of the items (CFI = .929, RMSEA = .057, SRMR = .051, χ2(333) = 603.28, p < ...
February 22, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
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