keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Undergraduate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453501/measuring-alcohol-marketing-engagement-the-development-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-alcohol-marketing-engagement-scale
#1
Angela Robertson, David T Morse, Kristina Hood, Courtney Walker
Ample evidence exists in support of the influence of media, both traditional and electronic, on perceptions and engagement with alcohol marketing. We describe the development, calibration, and evidence for technical quality and utility for a new measure, the Alcohol Marketing Engagement Scale. Using two samples of college undergraduates (n1 = 199, n2 = 732), we collected field test responses to a total of 13 items. Initial support for scale validity is presented via correlations with attributes previously shown to be related to alcohol engagement...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453499/evaluating-model-data-fit-by-comparing-parametric-and-nonparametric-item-response-functions-application-of-a-tukey-hann-procedure
#2
Jeremy Kyle Jennings, George Engelhard
This study describes an approach for examining model-data fit for the dichotomous Rasch model using Tukey-Hann item response functions (TH-IRFs). The procedure proposed in this paper is based on an iterative version of a smoothing technique proposed by Tukey (1977) for estimating nonparametric item response functions (IRFs). A root integrated squared error (RISE) statistic (Douglas and Cohen, 2001) is used to compare the TH-IRFs to the Rasch IRFs. Data from undergraduate students at a large university are used to demonstrate this iterative smoothing technique...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449302/prescribing-safety-assessment-2016-delivery-of-a-national-prescribing-assessment-to-7-343-uk-final-year-medical-students
#3
Simon R J Maxwell, Jamie J Coleman, Lynne Bollington, Celia Taylor, David J Webb
AIM(S): Newly graduated doctors write a large proportion of prescriptions in UK hospitals but recent studies have shown that they frequently make prescribing errors. The Prescribing Safety Assessment (PSA) has been developed as an assessment of competence in relation to prescribing and supervising the use of medicines. This report describes the delivery of the PSA to all UK final-year medical students in 2016 (PSA2016). METHODS: The PSA is a 2-hour online assessment comprising eight sections which cover various aspects of prescribing defined within the outcomes of undergraduate education identified by the UK General Medical Council...
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448945/teaching-the-basics-of-cancer-metabolism-developing-antitumor-strategies-by-exploiting-the-differences-between-normal-and-cancer-cell-metabolism
#4
REVIEW
Balaraman Kalyanaraman
This review of the basics of cancer metabolism focuses on exploiting the metabolic differences between normal and cancer cells. The first part of the review covers the different metabolic pathways utilized in normal cells to generate cellular energy, or ATP, and the glycolytic intermediates required to build the cellular machinery. The second part of the review discusses aerobic glycolysis, or the Warburg effect, and the metabolic reprogramming involving glycolysis, tricarboxylic acid cycle, and glutaminolysis in the context of developing targeted inhibitors in cancer cells...
April 13, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448883/exploring-the-attitudes-knowledge-and-beliefs-of-nurses-and-midwives-of-the-healthcare-needs-of-the-lgbtq-population-an-integrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Kate Stewart, Pauline O'Reilly
OBJECTIVES: To explore current literature surrounding the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes of nurses and midwives of the healthcare needs of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer (LGBTQ) patients and their influence on equal and non-discriminatory care for LGBTQ individuals. DESIGN: Systematic integrative review. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, InterNurse. REVIEW METHODS: This integrative review used Wakefield's (2014) framework to establish the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes of nurses and midwives of the healthcare needs of LGBTQ patients...
April 18, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448803/emotion-regulation-as-a-moderator-between-anxiety-symptoms-and-insomnia-symptom-severity
#6
Mitchell Kirwan, Scott M Pickett, Nicole L Jarrett
Insomnia is a common concern with many associated negative consequences. Previous research has established bivariate relationships between anxiety symptoms, emotion regulation, and insomnia symptom severity; however, limited research has examined how the interaction between emotion regulation and anxiety symptoms may be associated with insomnia symptom severity. A sample of 468 undergraduate participants and a subsample of 136 participants meeting a self-reported cutoff score for insomnia, completed questionnaires assessing anxiety, insomnia symptom severity, and emotion regulation difficulties...
April 18, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448792/imagining-possible-selves-across-time-characteristics-of-self-images-and-episodic-thoughts
#7
J Hamilton, S N Cole
Thinking about our possible selves can entail thinking about self-related imagined future events. When remembering and imagining, individuals can use both 1st person (field) and 3rd person (observer) perspectives. There is currently a paucity of research examining the visual perspectives of episodic future thoughts that represent possible selves. We hypothesised that temporally distant self-images would elicit more observer perspectives in episodic thoughts than temporally near self-images and current self-images...
April 24, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446041/supernatural-versus-medical-responses-to-mental-illness-from-undergraduate-university-students-in-trinidad
#8
AnMarie Kamanie Ramkissoon, Casswina Donald, Gerard Hutchinson
Background/Introduction: Perceptions about the aetiology of mental illness are likely to influence help-seeking behaviour. Understanding help-seeking behaviour will improve service provision and access. Therefore, this is likely to improve treatment outcomes. METHODS: We assessed the perceptions and help-seeking behaviours surrounding mental illness in a Trinidadian population of 158 tertiary-level students (136 female, 22 male; mean age 30) by analysing their responses to a questionnaire which asked for responses regarding a case vignette of a 25-year-old young woman exhibiting symptoms suggestive of schizophrenia...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445621/calm-to-chaos-engaging-undergraduate-nursing-students-with-the-complex-nature-of-interruptions-during-medication-administration
#9
Carolyn Hayes, Debra Jackson, Patricia M Davidson, John Daly, Tamara Power
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper describes undergraduate student nurse responses to a simulated role-play experience focussing on managing interruptions during medication administration. BACKGROUND: Improving patient safety requires that we find creative and innovative methods of teaching medication administration to undergraduate nurses in real-world conditions. Nurses are responsible for the majority of medication administrations in health care. Incidents and errors associated with medications are a significant patient safety issue and often occur as a result of interruptions...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442941/competency-based-tool-for-evaluation-of-community-based-training-in-undergraduate-medical-education-in-india-a-delphi-approach
#10
Hemant Deepak Shewade, Kathiresan Jeyashree, Selvaraj Kalaiselvi, Chinnakali Palanivel, Krishna Chandra Panigrahi
INTRODUCTION: A community-based training (CBT) program, where teaching and training are carried out in the community outside of the teaching hospital, is a vital part of undergraduate medical education. Worldwide, there is a shift to competency-based training, and CBT is no exception. We attempted to develop a tool that uses a competency-based approach for assessment of CBT. METHODS: Based on a review on competencies, we prepared a preliminary list of major domains with items under each domain...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440999/-epistemic-injustice-during-the-medical-education-process-in-the-hospital-context
#11
Carolina Consejo-Y Chapela, Carlos Alfonso Viesca-Treviño
BACKGROUND: The educational model adopted by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) Faculty of Medicine is constructivist; it is a model based on competence development. It aims to provide learning environments that incorporate real activities (it helps the students to develop social negotiation skills, as part of their integral learning; it encourages them to take a critical and reflexive approach; and it is also a student-centered model). However, many challenges arise when this model is implemented in the context of hospital environments...
May 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440722/twelve-tips-for-teaching-about-patients-with-cognitive-impairment
#12
James Michael Fisher, Ellen Tullo, Kwong Chan, Andrew Teodorczuk
The global population is ageing and consequently cognitive problems are increasingly prevalent. To ensure that the healthcare needs of this complex group are met, healthcare professionals must receive adequate training in this field. There are, however, a variety of reasons why this is not currently being achieved, including, but not limited to: ethical and logistical issues relating to the delivery of educational experiences involving cognitively impaired patients; a failure of curricula to keep pace with the changing demographic; societal and institutional ageism; and the inherent complexity of the conditions...
May 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440718/problematizing-the-concept-of-the-borderline-group-in-performance-assessments
#13
Matt Homer, Godfrey Pell, Richard Fuller
INTRODUCTION: Many standard setting procedures focus on the performance of the "borderline" group, defined through expert judgments by assessors. In performance assessments such as Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs), these judgments usually apply at the station level. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using largely descriptive approaches, we analyze the assessment profile of OSCE candidates at the end of a five year undergraduate medical degree program to investigate the consistency of the borderline group across stations...
May 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440125/palliative-care-education-for-medical-students-differences-in-course-evolution-organisation-evaluation-and-funding-a-survey-of-all-uk-medical-schools
#14
Steven Walker, Jane Gibbins, Paul Paes, Astrid Adams, Madawa Chandratilake, Faye Gishen, Philip Lodge, Bee Wee, Stephen Barclay
BACKGROUND: A proportion of newly qualified doctors report feeling unprepared to manage patients with palliative care and end-of-life needs. This may be related to barriers within their institution during undergraduate training. Information is limited regarding the current organisation of palliative care teaching across UK medical schools. AIMS: To investigate the evolution and structure of palliative care teaching at UK medical schools. DESIGN: Anonymised, web-based questionnaire...
June 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439474/digitizing-specimens-in-a-small-herbarium-a-viable-workflow-for-collections-working-with-limited-resources
#15
Kari M Harris, Travis D Marsico
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Small herbaria represent a significant portion of herbaria in the United States, but many are not digitizing their collections. METHODS: At the Arkansas State University Herbarium (STAR), we have created a viable workflow to help small herbaria begin the digitization process, including suggestions for publishing data on the Internet. We calculated hourly rates of each phase of the digitization process. We also mapped accessions at the county level to determine geographic strengths in the collection...
April 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439207/incidence-and-perception-of-nursing-students-academic-incivility-in-oman
#16
Jansi Natarajan, Joshua Kanaabi Muliira, Jacoba van der Colff
BACKGROUND: The incidence of incivility in nursing education is increasing in most countries and it is affecting the culture of safety and the teaching-learning processes. Despite reports of increasing trends, little is known about nursing students' academic incivility in the Middle East. This study aimed at exploring the perceptions and extent of academic incivility among nursing students (NS) and nursing faculty members (NF) in a university based undergraduate nursing program in Oman...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436706/tobacco-use-and-attachment-style-in-appalachia
#17
Mary Heath Wise, Florence Weierbach, Yan Cao, Ken Phillips
Tobacco has been recognized as the number one cause of preventable death in America and results in almost 5.2 million years of potential life lost each year. The use of tobacco products is highly correlated with pulmonary disease, cardiovascular disease, and other forms of chronic illness in America. New tobacco products are trending in the tobacco market such as the water pipe/hookah and e-cigarettes. With e-cigarettes and other newer forms of tobacco on the rise, it is important to look at the underlying factors for using all kinds of tobacco products as a means of prevention...
April 24, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436234/comparison-of-hemodynamic-responses-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-according-to-differences-in-self-efficacy
#18
Kazuki Hirao
Although self-efficacy has been used extensively in the field of nursing (e.g., as an outcome measure of nursing interventions), its underlying nature is poorly understood. Investigation of the relationship between self-efficacy and brain activation will help explain the fundamental nature of self-efficacy. In this study, we compared prefrontal activation measured with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) across 89 undergraduate students categorized into three groups based on their General Self-Efficacy Scale scores: low self-efficacy ( n = 59), moderate self-efficacy ( n = 17), and high self-efficacy ( n = 13)...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436158/collaborating-on-medication-errors-in-nursing
#19
Marketa Marvanova, Paul J Henkel
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators are faced with changing roles and expanding responsibilities for medication administration and monitoring in pursuit of improved patient safety. The aims of this study were to develop, implement and evaluate clinical simulation experiences that included, along with nursing faculty members, a pharmacist educator for the teaching of preventable medication errors in undergraduate nursing education. METHODS: Four clinical simulation scenarios using high-fidelity patient simulators were developed focusing on select medication problems in nursing practice...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435371/attitude-and-knowledge-of-isolation-in-operative-field-among-undergraduate-dental-students
#20
Fuad Abdo Al-Sabri, Ahmed Mohamed Elmarakby, Ahmed Mohammed Hassan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the general attitude of undergraduate dental students toward rubber dam use, specifically focusing on operative procedures before starting to serve community. METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed to undergraduate clinical years' students of two private colleges; Al-Farabi Dental College, Riyadh, KSA and Buraidah Private Colleges, Qassim, KSA. Questions were asked about areas where the students used rubber dam in operative procedures, in which types of caries classes, and in which type of restoration they frequently used the rubber dam...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
keyword
keyword
8048
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"