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healthcare op*

Marie Viprey, Pascal Caillet, Guillaume Canat, Susan Jaglal, Julie Haesebaert, Roland Chapurlat, Anne-Marie Schott
Treatment initiation rates following fragility fractures have often been reported to be low and in recent years numerous programs have been implemented worldwide to increase them. This study aimed at describing osteoporosis (OP) treatment initiation in a representative sample of women who were hospitalized for a distal forearm fracture (DFF) or proximal humerus fracture (PHF) in 2009-2011 in France. The data source was a nationwide sample of 600,000 individuals, extracted from the French National Insurance Healthcare System database...
2015: PloS One
Curtis Mina, Leah Y Carreon, Steven D Glassman
STUDY DESIGN: A longitudinal cohort. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the extent of health care resource utilization decrease 2 years after lumbar spinal fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Despite the assumption that surgery will minimize the need for ongoing nonsurgical treatment, the impact of lumbar fusion on subsequent health care resource utilization has not been effectively studied. METHODS: Patients who had continuous coverage by a major insurer during the year before decompression and posterolateral instrumented spinal fusion, and the 2 and a half years following were identified...
February 2016: Spine
Jing Sun, Xiaotian Zhang, Zou Zhang, Anita K Wagner, Dennis Ross-Degnan, Hans V Hogerzeil
OBJECTIVES: To assess a new Chinese insurance benefit with capitated provider payment for common diseases in outpatients. METHODS: Longitudinal health insurance claims data, health administrative data and primary care facility data were used to assess trajectories in outpatient visits, inpatient admissions, expenditure per common disease outpatient (CD/OP) visit and prescribing indicators over time. We conducted segmented regression analyses of interrupted time series data to measure changes in level and trend overtime, and cross-sectional comparisons against external standards...
February 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
B Cougot, A Petit, C Paget, C Roedlich, G Fleury-Bahi, M Fouquet, P Menu, C Dubois, C Geraut, Y Roquelaure, D Tripodi
BACKGROUND: Many factors influence the return to work of workers with chronic low back pain (CLBP). They have been said to vary according to socio-professional group. This study first aimed to compare prognostic factors influencing the return to work of CLBP healthcare workers (HCWs) and other workers (non-HCWs) after rehabilitation coupled with an occupational intervention. The second objective was to improve the evolution of indicators such as clinical examination, psychosocial impact and pain impact...
2015: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
J Mora, D De Massari, S Pauws, J op den Buijs, M David, L Prieto, J Contel, T Martí, J Bousquet, E de Manuel
To face the challenge of active and healthy ageing, European Health Systems and services should move towards proactive, anticipatory and integrated care. The comparison of methods to combine results across studies and to determine an overall effect was undertaken by the EU project ASSEHS (Activation of Stratification Strategies and Results of the interventions on frail patients of Healthcare Services, EU project (No. 2013 12 04). The questions raised in ASSEHS are broad and involve a complex body of literature...
December 2015: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Hannah Kasiri-Martino, Philip Bright
RATIONALE: The implicit use of overarching osteopathic principles (OP) in clinical practice is a regulatory requirement; agreed definition of what constitutes such principles remains elusive. The profession currently faces questions of identity and relevance in the face of evidence-informed healthcare. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to investigate the opinions and experiences of practising osteopathic educators as to how OP are relevant to clinical practice in isolation and to the profession as a whole...
February 2016: Manual Therapy
C Schröder, F Schwab, M Behnke, A-C Breier, F Maechler, B Piening, M Dettenkofer, C Geffers, P Gastmeier
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of healthcare-associated infections (HAI) in hospitals participating in the German national nosocomial infections surveillance system (KISS). METHOD: The epidemiology of HAI was described for the surveillance components for intensive care units (ITS-KISS), non-ICUs (STATIONS-KISS), very low birth weight infants (NEO-KISS) and surgical site infections (OP-KISS) in the period from 2006 to 2013. In addition, risk factor analyses were performed for the most important infections of ICU-KISS, NEO-KISS and OP-KISS...
October 2015: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
Emilia Enjema Lyonga, Michel Toukam, Celine Nkenfou, Hortense Kamga Gonsu, Marie-Claire Okomo Assoumou, Martha Tongo Mesembe, Agnes Bedie Eyoh, George Mondinde Ikomey, Valantine Ngum Ndze, Sinata Koulla-Shiro
INTRODUCTION: It is estimated that 150 million urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur yearly worldwide, resulting in more than 6 billion dollar in direct healthcare cost. The etiology of UTIs is predictable, with Escherichia coli, an Enterobacteriaceae being the principal pathogen. Quinolones are usually the drug of choice. In this study, we report the resistance pattern of Enterobacteriaceae isolates from UTIs to quinolones among in-patients and out-patients at the Yaoundé Reference Hospital in Cameroon...
2015: Pan African Medical Journal
Eva K Horn, Roel Verheul, Moniek Thunnissen, Jos Delimon, Maartje Goorden, Leona Hakkaart-van Roijen, Mirjam Soons, Anke M M A Meerman, Uli M Ziegler, Bert V Rossum, Theo Stijnen, Paul M G Emmelkamp, Jan J V Busschbach
Short-term inpatient psychotherapy based on transactional analysis (STIP-TA) in patients with personality disorders (PD) has shown to be more effective than comparable other specialized psychotherapies (OP). The aim of this study was to assess whether the higher effectiveness of STIP-TA also results in a better cost-effectiveness. Patients treated with STIP-TA were matched with patients treated with OP by the propensity score. Healthcare costs and lost productivity costs were measured over 3 years and from the societal perspective...
August 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
Linda P M Op het Veld, Erik van Rossum, Gertrudis I J M Kempen, Henrica C W de Vet, KlaasJan Hajema, Anna J H M Beurskens
BACKGROUND: The population ageing in most Western countries leads to a larger number of frail older people. These frail people are at an increased risk of negative health outcomes, such as functional decline, falls, institutionalisation and mortality. Many approaches are available for identifying frailty among older people. Researchers most often use Fried and colleagues' description of the frailty phenotype. The authors describe five physical criteria. Other researchers prefer a combination of measurements in the social, psychological and/or physical domains...
2015: BMC Geriatrics
Anne L Dalle Ave, Dale Gardiner, David M Shaw
"Organ preserving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (OP-CPR)" is defined as the use of CPR in cases of cardiac arrest to preserve organs for transplantation, rather than to revive the patient. Is it ethical to provide OP-CPR in a brain-dead organ donor to save organs that would otherwise be lost? To answer this question, we review the literature on brain-dead organ donors, conduct an ethical analysis, and make recommendations. We conclude that OP-CPR can benefit patients and families by fulfilling the wish to donate...
January 2016: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
Mark Gilheany, Omar Baarini, Dean Samaras
BACKGROUND: There is increasing global interest and performance of minimally invasive foot surgery (MIS) however, limited evidence is available in relation to complications associated with MIS for digital deformity correction. The aim of this prospective audit is to report the surgical and medical complications following MIS for digital deformity against standardised clinical indicators. METHODS: A prospective clinical audit of 179 patients who underwent MIS to reduce simple and complex digital deformities was conducted between June 2011 and June 2013...
2015: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Ankita Modi, Ethel S Siris, Jackson Tang, Shuvayu Sen
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate compliance with osteoporosis (OP) treatments and determine the fracture and healthcare burden associated with noncompliance. METHODS: This retrospective analysis of a US claims database identified women initiating an OP medication from 1 January 2002 to 30 June 2009. Patients were ≥55 years and had ≥1 pharmacy claim for a bisphosphonate or non-bisphosphonate (raloxifene, calcitonin, teriparatide); the index date was the first pharmacy claim...
April 2015: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Shankar M Krishnan
There is a proliferation of medical devices across the globe for the diagnosis and therapy of diseases. Biomedical engineering (BME) plays a significant role in healthcare and advancing medical technologies thus creating a substantial demand for biomedical engineers at undergraduate and graduate levels. There has been a surge in undergraduate programs due to increasing demands from the biomedical industries to cover many of their segments from bench to bedside. With the requirement of multidisciplinary training within allottable duration, it is indeed a challenge to design a comprehensive standardized undergraduate BME program to suit the needs of educators across the globe...
2014: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Annie Guérin, Medha Sasane, Jie Zhang, Kenneth W Culver, Katherine Dea, Roy Nitulescu, Eric Qiong Wu
OBJECTIVE: Brain metastases (BM) are highly prevalent among anaplastic lymphoma kinase positive (ALK+) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients; yet little is known about their real-world treatment patterns and clinical and economic burdens. This study aimed to describe these patients' treatment patterns, symptoms, and costs. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Retrospective study pooling data from three large administrative databases in the US (08/2011-06/2013). ALK+ NSCLC patients with BM and continuous enrollment for ≥ 60 days before and ≥ 30 days after the first observed BM diagnosis were identified by pharmacy records for crizotinib among patients with lung cancer and BM diagnostic codes...
April 2015: Journal of Medical Economics
Stefano Coaccioli, Giorgio Celi, Mariano Edoardo Crapa, Francesco Masia, Maria Luisa Brandi
INTRODUCTION: Since low adherence to a long-term therapy results in a poor clinical outcome and significantly increases healthcare costs, adherence to the treatment of chronic disorders is an issue of great interest. This is particularly true of the treatment of osteoporosis (OP). PURPOSE OF STUDY: Adherence to the osteoporosis therapy in patients treated with bisphosphonates in tablet form has been evaluated in comparison with the adherence of those taking alendronate in soluble solution...
May 2014: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
Monika Kastner, Anna M Sawka, Jemila Hamid, Maggie Chen, Kevin Thorpe, Mark Chignell, Joycelyne Ewusie, Christine Marquez, David Newton, Sharon E Straus
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis affects over 200 million people worldwide at a high cost to healthcare systems, yet gaps in management still exist. In response, we developed a multi-component osteoporosis knowledge translation (Op-KT) tool involving a patient-initiated risk assessment questionnaire (RAQ), which generates individualized best practice recommendations for physicians and customized education for patients at the point of care. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Op-KT tool for appropriate disease management by physicians...
2014: Implementation Science: IS
Joanna E M Sale, Gillian Hawker, Cathy Cameron, Earl Bogoch, Ravi Jain, Dorcas Beaton, Susan Jaglal, Larry Funnell
To examine messages perceived by members of an osteoporosis (OP) patient group from various healthcare providers regarding bone health. We conducted a phenomenological (qualitative) study in members of an OP patient group who resided in Canada, had sustained a fragility fracture at 50+ years old, and were not taking antiresorptive medication at the time of that fracture. Participants were interviewed for approximately 1 h by telephone and responded to questions about visits to healthcare providers for their bone health and what was discussed during those visits...
January 2015: Rheumatology International
C D O'Malley, N Tran, C Zapalowski, N Daizadeh, T P Olenginski, J A Cauley
UNLABELLED: To determine the incidence of comorbidities in women with and without osteoporosis, incidence rates per 1,000 person-years were calculated using electronic health records from an integrated healthcare system. The overall comorbidity burden and health service utilization were greater in women with osteoporosis than in the controls. INTRODUCTION: This retrospective cohort study describes the incidence of an array of comorbidities in women with and without osteoporosis (OP)...
August 2014: Osteoporosis International
Stephen Kirkby, Don Hayes, Margaret Ginn-Pease, John Gatz, Clayton Ellis Wisely, Meredith Lind, Charles Elmaraghy, Nancy Ryan-Wenger, Shahid I Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy was performed prior to functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) while under general anesthesia to collect bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) for lower respiratory tract cultures in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on all CF patients who underwent combined FESS and bronchoscopy between January 2009 and October 2010. Along with demographic data, bacterial, fungal, and acid fast bacillus culture data from BALF was collected and compared to oropharyngeal swab and sputum cultures obtained over the year prior to FESS and bronchoscopy...
February 2015: Pediatric Pulmonology
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