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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008361/fuzzy-logic-based-risk-of-fall-estimation-using-smartwatch-data-as-a-means-to-form-an-assistive-feedback-mechanism-in-everyday-living-activities
#1
Dimitrios E Iakovakis, Fotini A Papadopoulou, Leontios J Hadjileontiadis
This Letter aims to create a fuzzy logic-based assistive prevention tool for falls, based on accessible sensory technology, such as smartwatch, resulting in monitoring of the risk factors of falls caused by orthostatic hypotension (OH); a drop in systolic blood pressure (DSBP) >20 mmHg due to postural changes. Epidemiological studies have shown that OH is a high risk factor for falls and has a strong impact in quality of life (QoL) of the elderly's, especially for some cases such as Parkinsonians. Based on smartwatch data, it is explored here how statistical features of heart rate variability (HRV) can lead to DSBP prediction and estimation of the risk of fall...
December 2016: Healthcare Technology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005119/an-overview-of-the-history-of-orthopedic-surgery
#2
Ishaan Swarup, Joseph F O'Donnell
Orthopedic surgery has a long and rich history. While the modern term orthopedics was coined in the 1700s, orthopedic principles were beginning to be developed and used during primitive times. The Egyptians continued these practices, and described ways to recognize and manage common orthopedic conditions. The Greeks and Romans subsequently began to study medicine in a systematic manner, and greatly improved our understanding of orthopedic anatomy and surgical technique. After a period of little progress during the Middle Ages, rapid advancement was noted during the Renaissance, including the description of various injuries, improvements in surgical technique, and development of orthopedic hospitals...
November 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004297/evaluation-of-the-first-fracture-liaison-service-in-the-greek-healthcare-setting
#3
Polyzois Makras, Maria Panagoulia, Andriana Mari, Stavroula Rizou, George P Lyritis
: We evaluated the first implementation of FLS in the Greek healthcare setting, at the 251 Hellenic Air Force and VA General Hospital of Athens. Participation rate was moderate (54.5%) and needs improvement; osteoporosis medication was either suggested or reviewed in 74 out of the 116 patients recruited. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the first implementation of a fracture liaison service (FLS) in Greece, at the 251 Hellenic Air Force and VA General Hospital, Athens...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004089/divisible-atoms-or-none-at-all-facing-the-european-contributions-to-developments-of-chemistry-and-physics-in-china
#4
Stanislav Južnič
One of the most important Mid-European professor with more than six thousand academic descendants was the leading Slovenian erudite Jurij Vega. In broader sense, Vega's and other applied sciences of the south of Holy Roman Empire of German Nationality were connected with the mercury mine of Idrija during the last half of millennia. The Idrija Mine used to be one of the two top European producers of mercury, the basic substance of atomistic alchemists. Idrija Mine contributions to the history of techniques, their examinations and approbations is comparable to the other Mid-European achievements...
December 2016: Acta Chimica Slovenica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895449/cadasil-presenting-with-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage-report-of-a-case-and-description-of-the-first-family-in-northern-greece
#5
I Koutroulou, T Karapanayiotides, N Grigoriadis, D Karacostas
INTRODUCTION: CADASIL (cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy), the most common inherited cause of stroke and dementia in adults, has been described in six Greek families. Common presenting manifestations include migraine with aura, brain ischemia, mood disorders and cognitive decline. Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH) rarely occurs in CADASIL and only exceptionally as the first clinical manifestation. CASE DESCRIPTION: We have previously reported the sixth Greek family with CADASIL and in particular, two brothers in whom the genetic testing documented a classic mutation of the NOTCH3 gene (Arg169Cys)...
January 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875640/an-untold-story-the-important-contributions-of-muslim-scholars-for-the-understanding-of-human-anatomy
#6
REVIEW
Malak A Alghamdi, Janine M Ziermann, Rui Diogo
It is usually assumed that Galen is one of the fathers of anatomy and that between the Corpus Galenicum and the Renaissance there was no major advance in anatomical knowledge. However, it is also consensually accepted that Muslim scholars had the intellectual leadership from the 8th/9th to 13th centuries, and that they made remarkable progresses in numerous scientific fields including medicine. So, how is it possible that they did not contribute to advance human anatomy during that period? According to the dominant view Muslim scholars exclusively had a passive role: their transmission of knowledge from the Greeks to the West...
November 22, 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830870/anatomical-eponyms-unloved-names-in-medical-terminology
#7
F Burdan, W Dworzański, M Cendrowska-Pinkosz, M Burdan, A Dworzańska
Uniform international terminology is a fundamental issue of medicine. Names of various organs or structures have developed since early human history. The first proper anatomical books were written by Hippocrates, Aristotle and Galen. For this reason the modern terms originated from Latin or Greek. In a modern time the terminology was improved in particular by Vasalius, Fabricius and Harvey. Presently each known structure has internationally approved term that is explained in anatomical or histological terminology...
2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763370/2013-arthur-o-lovejoy-lecture-a-cognitive-history-of-divination-in-ancient-greece
#8
Peter T Struck
Ancient Greeks drew advice from oracles, dreams, entrails, the movements of birds, sneezes, and myriad other sources for divination. Classicists typically study such phenomena as examples of occult religion, or for their use as a social mechanism for managing dissent and forging consensus. Ancient philosophical accounts by contrast go a longer way toward considering them seriously, on their own terms. They take them as an invitation into developing speculative accounts of non-standard epistemological schemes...
2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686425/saint-ioannis-lampadistis-the-first-possible-case-of-blindness-due-to-organic-mercury-poisoning-in-history
#9
Kleonikos A Tsakiris
Saint Ioannis Lampadistis is a Cypriot saint of the Greek Orthodox Church, widely venerated in his island of origin. He lived during the 11th century and was blinded by ingesting contaminated fish in the mountainous area of Galata, withdrew from civil life when he was 18, and died at the age of 22. The reason for his blindness remains unknown, though it is widely attributed to an unknown poison related to the copper mines of the region. As fish is the end reservoir of organic mercury, it is quite possible that his blindness was the result of heavy metal toxicity...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672569/attitudes-and-diagnostic-practice-in-low-back-pain-a-qualitative-study-amongst-greek-and-british-physiotherapists
#10
Evdokia Billis, Christopher J McCarthy, John Gliatis, Charalampos Matzaroglou, Jacqueline A Oldham
AIM: To explore current diagnostic practice and attitudes of Greek and United Kingdom physiotherapists (PTs) on assessing low back pain (LBP) patients. METHODS: Three focus groups were undertaken, followed by a structured questionnaire-type survey comprising 23 health professionals and a random stratified sample of 150 PTs, respectively. Twenty-nine themes relating to LBP diagnostic practice emerged. These were then given to 30 British PTs assessing their level of agreement with their Greek counterparts...
September 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672323/the-disease-burden-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-greece
#11
Georgia Kourlaba, Georgios Hillas, Theodoros Vassilakopoulos, Nikos Maniadakis
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to estimate the self-reported prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Greece and to quantify its burden on patients' daily activities, productivity, and psychological status. METHODS: A population-based, random digit-dialed telephone nationwide survey was conducted between July 10, 2015 and July 31, 2015 in order to recruit patients with COPD in Greece. Among the 11,471 persons contacted, 3,414 met the inclusion criterion of age ≥40 years and completed the screening questions regarding COPD...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671771/association-of-depression-and-anxiety-status-with-10-year-cardiovascular-disease-incidence-among-apparently-healthy-greek-adults-the-attica-study
#12
Ioannis Kyrou, Natasa Kollia, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Ekavi Georgousopoulou, Christina Chrysohoou, Constantine Tsigos, Harpal S Randeva, Mary Yannakoulia, Christodoulos Stefanadis, Charalabos Papageorgiou, Christos Pitsavos
Background Chronic stress frequently manifests with anxiety and/or depressive symptomatology and may have detrimental cardiometabolic effects over time. As such, recognising the potential links between stress-related psychological disorders and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is becoming increasingly important in cardiovascular epidemiology research. The primary aim of this study was to explore prospectively potential associations between clinically relevant depressive symptomatology and anxiety levels and the 10-year CVD incidence among apparently healthy Greek adults...
January 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628859/popular-medicine-and-empirics-in-greece-1900-1950-an-oral-history-approach
#13
Violetta Hionidou
Western literature has focused on medical plurality but also on the pervasive existence of quacks who managed to survive from at least the eighteenth to the twentieth century. Focal points of their practices have been their efforts at enrichment and their extensive advertising. In Greece, empirical, untrained healers in the first half of the twentieth century do not fit in with this picture. They did not ask for payment, although they did accept 'gifts'; they did not advertise their practice; and they had fixed places of residence...
October 2016: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625080/pharmacology-and-psychiatry-at-the-origins-of-greek-medicine-the-myth-of-melampus-and-the-madness-of-the-proetides
#14
Matteo F Olivieri, Francesca Marzari, Andreas J Kesel, Laura Bonalume, Francesco Saettini
Melampus is a seer-healer of Greek myth attributed with having healed the young princesses of Argos of madness. Analysis of this legend and its sources sheds light on the early stages of the "medicalizing" shift in the history of ancient Greek medicine. Retrospective psychological diagnosis suggests that the descriptions of the youths' madness rose from actual observation of behavioral and mental disorders. Melampus is credited with having healed them by administering hellebore. Pharmacological analysis of botanical specimens proves that Helleborus niger features actual neurological properties effective in the treatment of mental disorders...
September 13, 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613639/a-history-of-the-autonomic-nervous-system-part-i-from-galen-to-bichat
#15
REVIEW
Peter C Oakes, Christian Fisahn, Joe Iwanaga, Daniel DiLorenzo, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: The development of our current understanding of the autonomic nervous system has a rich history with many international contributors. CONCLUSIONS: Although our thoughts of an autonomic nervous system arose with the Greeks, the evolution and final understanding of this neural network would not be fully realized until centuries later. Therefore, our current knowledge of this system is based on hundreds of years of hypotheses and testing and was contributed to by many historic figures...
December 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586418/historical-background-of-pancreatic-islet-isolation
#16
Miriam Ramírez-Domínguez
Until the discovery of insulin in the twentieth century, diabetes mellitus was a mortal disease with an unclear origin and physiology. Despite the appearance of the concept in an Egyptian papyrus dated c.1550 BC, and the documentation of its study by ancient Chinese, the term "diabetes" was only coined by the Greek Aretaeus in the second century AD. In Europe, the study of diabetes was largely ignored until the seventeenth century, when the characteristic sweet flavor of diabetic urine was first described. However, the link between diabetes and the pancreas was not discovered until 1889 by Minkowski and von Mering, long after the first description of the pancreatic islets by Paul Langerhans in 1869...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556317/the-middle-ages-contributions-to-cardiovascular-medicine
#17
André Silva Ranhel, Evandro Tinoco Mesquita
The historical period called the Middle Ages, a long interval between the 5th and the 15th centuries, is still commonly known as the Dark Ages, especially in the area of health sciences. In the last decades, this "classic" view of the Middle Ages has been gradually modified with advances in historiographical studies and the history of science. During that period in Western Europe, knowledge about the human body suffered a regression in terms of anatomy and physiology, with the predominance of religious conceptions mainly about diseases and their treatments...
April 2016: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507419/breath-analysis-for-colorectal-cancer-screening
#18
Donato F Altomare
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487699/-history-of-pneumology-in-antiquity-part-2
#19
Ph Demaeyer
Nowadays, Hippocrate, "The Father of Medicine", still influences our medicine. He was famous because of the great medical corpus texts preserved in his name. Only recently, our universities have updated the famous Hippocratic Oath to avoid contradictions with our modern ethics. Hippocrate was a great clinician but a poor anatomist. Hippocratical humourism remained accurate until the age of the enlightenment (18th century). Furthermore, it is difficult to distinguish medicine from philosophy in Greek antiquity...
March 2016: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477178/trichotillomania-bizzare-patern-of-hair-loss-at-11-year-old-girl
#20
Jana Zímová, Pavlína Zímová
Trichotillomania (TTM) is defined by the Diagnostics and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DMS-IV) as hair loss from a patient`s repetitive self-pulling of hair. The disorder is included under anxiety disorders because it shares some obsessive-compulsive features. Patients have the tendency towards feelings of unattractiveness, body dissatisfaction, and low self-esteem (1,2). It is a major psychiatric problem, but many patients with this disorder first present to a dermatologist. An 11-year-old girl came to our department with a 2-month history of diffuse hair loss on the frontoparietal and parietotemporal area (Figure 1)...
June 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
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