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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104242/preconception-stress-and-the-secondary-sex-ratio-in-a-population-based-preconception-cohort
#1
Jisuk Bae, Courtney D Lynch, Sungduk Kim, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Katherine J Sapra, Germaine M Buck Louis
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between preconception parental stress and the secondary sex ratio, defined as the ratio of males to females at birth. DESIGN: A population-based preconception cohort. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total of 235 couples who were enrolled before conception in Michigan and Texas between 2005 and 2009 and who had a singleton birth during the follow-up period. Couples were interviewed separately at baseline to obtain information on perceived stress (Cohen's Perceived Stress Scale) and lifetime history of physician-diagnosed anxiety and/or mood disorders...
January 16, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104064/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-parents-of-children-with-cancer-in-jordan
#2
Rami Masa'deh, Samiha Jarrah
AIM: To investigate levels of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) of those parenting children with cancer and make a comparison between mothers and fathers. BACKGROUND: Parenting a child with cancer is traumatic. Maternal and paternal roles and responsibilities change after the cancer diagnosis of their child, adding more stress to the lives of all concerned. The gender of the parent may have an effect on their PTSD. However, there is a lack of studies in Arabic countries on the differences between parents in their PTSD levels...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104056/psychological-distress-in-jordanian-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-the-role-of-positive-reappraisal-coping
#3
Ahmad Rayan, Muayyad Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently report poor psychological well-being. Positive reappraisal coping (PRC) is a coping strategy which offers a protective effect from anxiety and depression. However, the association between PRC and the psychological distress in parents of children with ASD has yet to be established. AIM: This study examines the association between PRC and the psychological distress in parents of children with ASD...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103110/engaging-fathers-in-effective-parenting-for-preschool-children-using-shared-book-reading-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Anil Chacko, Gregory A Fabiano, Greta L Doctoroff, Beverly Fortson
Engaging fathers and improving their parenting and, in turn, outcomes for their children in preventive/promotion-focused parenting interventions has been a notable, but understudied, challenge in the field. This study evaluated the effects of a novel intervention, Fathers Supporting Success in Preschoolers: A Community Parent Education Program, which focuses on integrating behavioral parent training with shared book reading (i.e., Dialogic Reading) using key conceptual models (i.e., common elements, deployment model, task shifting) to engage and improve father (i...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100529/children-and-parental-anxiolysis-in-paediatric-ambulatory-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-study-comparing-0-3%C3%A2-mg-kg-1-midazolam-to-tablet-computer-based-interactive-distraction
#5
C Marechal, J Berthiller, S Tosetti, B Cogniat, H Desombres, L Bouvet, B Kassai, D Chassard, M de Queiroz Siqueira
BACKGROUND: The operating theatre, anaesthesia induction and separation from parents create fear and anxiety in children. Anxiety leads to adverse behavioral changes appearing and sometimes persisting during the postoperative period. Our aim was to compare the effects of midazolam (0.3 mg kg(-)(1): MDZ) for premedication with age-appropriate tablet game apps (TAB) on children anxiety during and after ambulatory surgery. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted from May 16th, 2013 to March 25th, 2014 at the Children Hospital of Lyon...
February 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100305/environment-directed-activation-the-escherichia-coli-flhdc-operon-by-transposons
#6
Zhongge Zhang, Chika Kukita, Mir Zafri Humayun, Milton H Saier
The flagellar system in E. coli K12 is expressed under the control of the flhDC-encoded master regulator, FlhDC. Transposition of insertion sequence (IS) elements to the upstream flhDC promoter region up-regulates transcription of this operon, resulting in more rapid motility. Wang and Wood (2011) provided evidence that insertion of IS5 into upstream activating sites occurs at higher rates in semisolid agar media in which swarming behavior is allowed as compared with liquid or solid media where swarming cannot occur...
January 17, 2017: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097524/pubovisceralis-muscle-fiber-architecture-determination-comparison-between-biomechanical-modeling-and-diffusion-tensor-imaging
#7
Sofia Brandão, Marco Parente, Elisabete Silva, Thuane Da Roza, Teresa Mascarenhas, João Leitão, João Cunha, Renato Natal Jorge, Rita Gouveia Nunes
Biomechanical analysis of pelvic floor dysfunction requires knowledge of certain biomechanical parameters, such as muscle fiber direction, in order to adequately model function. Magnetic resonance (MR) diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) provides an estimate of overall muscle fiber directionality based on the mathematical description of water diffusivity. This work aimed at evaluating the concurrence between pubovisceralis muscle fiber representations obtained from DTI, and the maximum principal stress lines obtained through the finite element method...
January 17, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097514/cumulative-risk-exposure-and-waist-circumference-in-preschool-aged-children-the-mediating-role-of-television-and-moderating-role-of-sex
#8
Anna H Grummon, Amber Vaughn, Deborah J Jones, Dianne S Ward
BACKGROUND: Children exposed to multiple stressors are more likely to be overweight, but little is known about the mechanisms explaining this association. PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study examined whether children exposed to multiple stressors had higher waist circumference, and whether this association was mediated through children's television time. METHODS: Participants were 319 parent-child dyads. Children were 2-5 years old and had at least one overweight parent (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2))...
January 17, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097478/study-of-the-influence-of-formulation-variables-in-bioadhesive-emulgels-using-response-surface-methodology
#9
Ana Ochoa-Andrade, M Emma Parente, Álvaro Jimenez-Kairuz, Lucía Boinbaser, Annibal Torregrosa
The aim of the present work was to study the main formulation variables that influence attributes of bioadhesive emulgels based on a combination of polymers, using response surface methodology (RSM). Bioadhesive products continue to gain attention in topical cutaneous administration as they allow long residence times on the application site, which is important when a long dermal action and a reduced product administration frequency are desired. A Box-Behnken design of experiments (DoE) was introduced to study the effect of formulation variables on quality attributes of the emulgels...
January 17, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095716/circrnas-a-regulator-of-cellular-stress
#10
Joseph W Fischer, Anthony K L Leung
Circular RNAs (CircRNAs) were first identified as a viroid and later found to also be an endogenous RNA splicing product in eukaryotes. In recent years, a series of RNA-sequencing analyses from a diverse range of eukaryotes have shed new light on these eukaryotic circRNAs, revealing dynamic expression patterns in various developmental stages and physiological conditions. In this review, we focus on circRNAs implicated in stress response pathways and explore potential mechanisms underlying their regulation. To date, circRNAs have been shown to act as scaffolds in the assembly of protein complexes, sequester proteins from native subcellular localization, activate transcription of parental genes, inhibit RNA-protein interactions, and function as regulators of microRNA activity...
January 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095505/can-early-intervention-improve-maternal-well-being-evidence-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Orla Doyle, Liam Delaney, Christine O'Farrelly, Nick Fitzpatrick, Michael Daly
OBJECTIVE: This study estimates the effect of a targeted early childhood intervention program on global and experienced measures of maternal well-being utilizing a randomized controlled trial design. The primary aim of the intervention is to improve children's school readiness skills by working directly with parents to improve their knowledge of child development and parenting behavior. One potential externality of the program is well-being benefits for parents given its direct focus on improving parental coping, self-efficacy, and problem solving skills, as well as generating an indirect effect on parental well-being by targeting child developmental problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094121/mealtime-behavior-among-parents-and-their-young-children-with-food-allergy
#12
Linda Jones Herbert, Priya Mehta, Hemant Sharma
BACKGROUND: Food allergies are increasingly prevalent in the pediatric population. Balancing allergen avoidance with the promotion of healthy eating behaviors can be challenging for families. OBJECTIVE: To characterize mealtime behaviors among parents of young children with food allergy. METHODS: Seventy-four parents of young children with food allergies (≤7 years of age) completed measures of mealtime behavior, perceptions of food allergy risk and severity, pediatric parenting stress, and food allergy-related quality of life...
January 13, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094060/corrigendum-to-parenting-very-preterm-infants-and-stress-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-early-hum-dev-101-2016-3-9
#13
Inês Baía, Mariana Amorim, Susana Silva, Michelle Kelly-Irving, Cláudia de Freitas, Elisabete Alves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089871/parents-childhood-socioeconomic-circumstances-are-associated-with-their-children-s-asthma-outcomes
#14
Edith Chen, Madeleine U Shalowitz, Rachel E Story, Katherine B Ehrlich, Erika M Manczak, Paula J Ham, Van Le, Gregory E Miller
BACKGROUND: Previous literature documents associations between low socioeconomic status (SES) and poor health outcomes, including asthma. However, this literature has largely focused on the effects of current family circumstances. OBJECTIVE: To test an intergenerational hypothesis, that the childhood SES that parents experience will be associated with asthma outcomes in their children, independent of effects of current family SES. Secondly, to test whether this association is in part due to difficulties in current parent-child relationships...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089161/genome-wide-gene-expression-patterns-in-dikaryon-of-the-basidiomycete-fungus-pleurotus-ostreatus
#15
Tianxiang Liu, Huiru Li, Yatong Ding, Yuancheng Qi, Yuqian Gao, Andong Song, Jinwen Shen, Liyou Qiu
Dikarya is a subkingdom of fungi that includes Ascomycota and Basidiomycota. The gene expression patterns of dikaryon are poorly understood. In this study, we bred a dikaryon DK13×3 by mating monokaryons MK13 and MK3, which were from the basidiospores of Pleurotus ostreatus TD300. Using RNA-Seq, we obtained the transcriptomes of the three strains. We found that the total transcript numbers in the transcriptomes of the three strains were all more than ten thousand, and the expression profile in DK13×3 was more similar to MK13 than MK3...
January 3, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088398/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-adolescents-with-functional-somatic-syndromes-a-pilot-cohort-study
#16
Ather Ali, Theresa R Weiss, Anne Dutton, Douglas McKee, Kim D Jones, Susmita Kashikar-Zuck, Wendy K Silverman, Eugene D Shapiro
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program for adolescents with widespread chronic pain and other functional somatic symptoms and to make preliminary assessments of its clinical utility. STUDY DESIGN: Three cohorts of subjects completed an 8-week MBSR program. Child- and parent-completed measures were collected at baseline and 8 and 12 weeks later. Measures included the Functional Disability Inventory (FDI), the Fibromyalgia/Symptom Impact Questionnaire-Revised (FIQR/SIQR), the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory, the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale (MASC2), and the Perceived Stress Scale...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087203/the-use-of-modified-ride-on-cars-to-maximize-mobility-and-improve-socialization-a-group-design
#17
Hsiang-Han Huang, Chia-Ling Chen
AIM: To examine the effects of ride-on car (ROC) training versus conventional therapy on mobility and social function in young children with disabilities in a hospital-based environment. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Twenty young children with disabilities, aged 1-3 years, were recruited. The treatment group (n=10) received ROC training of 2h/session, 2 sessions/week for a total of 9 weeks in the hospital environment. The control group (n=10) received conventional therapy alone...
January 10, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087202/family-adaptation-to-cerebral-palsy-in-adolescents-a-european-multicenter-study
#18
Audrey Guyard, Susan I Michelsen, Catherine Arnaud, Jerome Fauconnier
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Factors promoting family adaptation to child's disability are poorly studied together. The aim of the study was to describe the family adaptation to disability and to identify determinants associated with using a global theoretical model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 286 families of teenagers [13-17 years] with cerebral palsy (CP) from 4 European disability registers were included and visited at home. Face to face interviews were performed in order to measure parental distress, perceived impact in various dimensions of family life, family resources and stressors...
January 10, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086827/mothers-accounts-of-the-impact-on-emotional-wellbeing-of-organised-peer-support-in-pregnancy-and-early-parenthood-a-qualitative-study
#19
Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: The transition to parenthood is a potentially vulnerable time for mothers' mental health and approximately 9-21% of women experience depression and/or anxiety at this time. Many more experience sub-clinical symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as stress, low self-esteem and a loss of confidence. Women's emotional wellbeing is more at risk if they have little social support, a low income, are single parents or have a poor relationship with their partner. Peer support can comprise emotional, affirmational, informational and practical support; evidence of its impact on emotional wellbeing during pregnancy and afterwards is mixed...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081496/the-role-of-negative-parental-attributions-in-the-associations-between-daily-stressors-maltreatment-history-and-harsh-and-abusive-discipline
#20
Marieke Beckerman, Sheila R van Berkel, Judi Mesman, Lenneke R A Alink
Negative parental attributions are related to parent and family stressors and are thought to be important predictors of subsequent disciplinary actions and, potentially, abusive parenting. We examined if negative parental attributions mediate the relation between daily stressors (i.e., low SES, parenting stress, partner-related stress) parents' own history of child maltreatment, and harsh and abusive parenting. Mothers (n=53) completed a computerized attribution task and reported on daily stressors, their own history of child maltreatment and their discipline strategies...
January 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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