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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245141/a-systematic-review-of-the-state-of-the-literature-on-sexually-exploited-boys-internationally
#1
Melissa Moynihan, Katherine Mitchell, Claire Pitcher, Farinaz Havaei, Max Ferguson, Elizabeth Saewyc
This systematic review assessed the current state of the literature on sexually exploited boys internationally. We aimed to describe what is known about sexual exploitation of boys, identify gaps in the literature, provide implications for practice, and make recommendations for future research. Multiple database searches were conducted using a combination of controlled vocabulary and keywords to capture child and adolescent sexual exploitation. Our search identified 11,099 unique references and excluded studies that did not include male participants less than 18 years old or disaggregate results by relevant age groups and/or by sex...
December 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245114/subacromial-impingement-syndrome-an-electromyographic-study-of-shoulder-girdle-muscle-fatigue
#2
Omid Alizadehkhaiyat, Margaret M Roebuck, Ahmed T Makki, Simon P Frostick
Muscle fatigue affecting glenohumeral and/or scapular muscles is suggested as one of the contributing factors to the development of subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). Nonetheless, the fatigability of shoulder girdle muscles in association with the pathomechanics of SAIS has not been reported. This study aimed to measure and compare fatigue progression within the shoulder girdle musculature of patients and healthy controls. 75 participants including 39 patients (20 females; 19 males) and 36 healthy controls (15 females; 21 males) participated in the study...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245093/neurocognitive-functioning-in-first-episode-bipolar-disorder-relationship-with-functional-status
#3
Alejandro G Szmulewicz, Marina P Valerio, Julieta Lomastro, José M Smith, Virginia Chiappe, Diego J Martino, Ana Igoa
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess if an association between neurocognitive deficits and psychosocial functioning exists in first-episode BD patients. METHODS: Twenty-five euthymic first-episode BD patients and thirty-seven healthy controls were recruited. History of suicide attempts, psychiatric comorbidities, pharmacological exposure, and previous depressive episodes were investigated. Performances on neurocognitive domains (verbal memory, attention, processing speed, and executive functions) as well as a measure of psychosocial functioning were used as outcomes...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245092/predictors-of-hospitalization-length-of-stay-among-re-admitted-treatment-resistant-bipolar-disorder-inpatients
#4
M Fornaro, F Iasevoli, S Novello, A Fusco, A Anastasia, D De Berardis, A Valchera, A de Bartolomeis
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization accounts for significant health care resource utilization for treatment-resistant Bipolar Disorder (BD), especially among frequent users of acute inpatient psychiatric units. Appraisal of the clinical features and predictive role of selected variables is therefore crucial in such population, representing the aim of the present research. METHODS: A hundred and nineteen BD inpatients with an established history of pharmacological treatment resistance for either mania or bipolar depression were classified as long hospitalization cases (LOS+) and their controls and compared against each other for a number of demographic, clinical, and psychopathological features...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245091/specificity-in-mediated-pathways-by-anxiety-symptoms-linking-adolescent-stress-profiles-to-depressive-symptoms-results-of-a-moderated-mediation-approach
#5
Frederick Anyan, Boris Bizumic, Odin Hjemdal
BACKGROUND: We investigated the specificity in mediated pathways that separately link specific stress dimensions through anxiety to depressive symptoms and the protective utility of resilience. Thus, this study goes beyond lumping together potential mediating and moderating processes that can explain the relations between stress and (symptoms of) psychopathology and the buffering effect of resilience. METHODS: Ghanaian adolescents between 13 and 17 years (female = 285; male = 244) completed the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ), Spielberger State Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Short Mood Feeling Questionnaire (SMFQ) and the Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245090/psychological-distress-and-risk-for-suicidal-behavior-among-university-students-in-contemporary-china
#6
Fang Tang, Majella Byrne, Ping Qin
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress and suicidal behavior are important mental health problems among university students and warrant research to inform strategies for effective prevention in this young population. The present study aimed to assess psychological distress and suicidal behavior and to unravel their associations among university students. METHODS: A total of 5972 undergraduate students, randomly selected from six universities in central China, comprised the sample...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245017/investigating-the-predictors-of-happiness-life-satisfaction-and-success-in-schizophrenia
#7
Sarah Saperia, Susana Da Silva, Ishraq Siddiqui, Krysta McDonald, Ofer Agid, Gary Remington, George Foussias
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that, despite marked functional impairments, remitted first episode patients with schizophrenia report levels of well-being that are comparable to healthy controls. The aim of the current study was to specifically evaluate self-reported happiness, life satisfaction and success in individuals with schizophrenia beyond their first-episode of psychosis, and to investigate the impact of symptoms and functioning on these subjective experiences. METHODS: Fifty-one schizophrenia patients and 56 matched healthy controls participated in the study...
November 22, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244906/finding-treatment-resistant-depression-in-real-world-data-how-a-data-driven-approach-compares-with-expert-based-heuristics
#8
M Soledad Cepeda, Jenna Reps, Daniel Fife, Clair Blacketer, Paul Stang, Patrick Ryan
BACKGROUND: Depression that does not respond to antidepressants is treatment-resistant depression (TRD). TRD definitions include assessments of treatment response, dose and duration, and implementing these definitions in claims databases can be challenging. We built a data-driven TRD definition and evaluated its performance. METHODS: We included adults with depression, ≥1 antidepressant, and no diagnosis of mania, dementia, or psychosis. Subjects were stratified into those with and without proxy for TRD...
December 15, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244891/the-effects-of-experimental-temporalis-muscle-pain-on-jaw-muscle-electromyographic-activity-during-jaw-movements-and-relationships-with-some-psychological-variables
#9
Tantry Maulina, Magda Amhamed, Terry Whittle, John Gal, Rahena Akhter, Greg M Murray
AIMS: To determine if the effects of experimental temporalis muscle pain on jaw muscle activity vary with the jaw task performed, jaw displacement magnitude, participant being studied, and with psychological measures. METHODS: Jaw movement was tracked, and electromyographic (EMG) activity was recorded from the masseter and anterior temporalis and digastric muscles in 14 asymptomatic participants during standardized opening/closing jaw movement, free chewing, and standardized chewing tasks...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244847/cognitive-failures-in-late-adulthood-the-role-of-age-social-context-and-depressive-symptoms
#10
Paul Kenneth Hitchcott, Maria Chiara Fastame, Dalila Langiu, Maria Pietronilla Penna
The incidence of self-reported cognitive failures among older adults may be an index of successful cognitive aging. However, self-reported cognitive failures are biased by variation in depressive symptomatology. This study examined age-related and socio-cultural context effects on cognitive failures while controlling for depressive symptoms. Both overall and specific factors of cognitive failures were determined. A further goal was to investigate the relationship between working memory and cognitive efficiency measures and cognitive failures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244834/factors-influencing-psychological-well-being-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Alessandra Nicoletti, Giovanni Mostile, Fabrizio Stocchi, Giovanni Abbruzzese, Roberto Ceravolo, Pietro Cortelli, Marco D'Amelio, Maria F De Pandis, Giovanni Fabbrini, Claudio Pacchetti, Gianni Pezzoli, Alessandro Tessitore, Margherita Canesi, Mario Zappia
BACKGROUND: Both motor and non-motor symptoms could contribute to significant deterioration of psychological well-being in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, its assessment has been only indirectly evaluated using tools based on health-related quality of life (HRQoL), such as the PDQ-39 scale. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate psychological well-being in PD using a specific tool of assessment, the Psychological Well-being Scale (PWS), and its clinical correlates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244701/reconstruction-of-a-neglected-tibial-plateau-fracture-malunion-with-an-open-book-osteotomy-a-case-report
#12
Dimitrios S Mastrokalos, Georgios N Panagopoulos, Dimitrios Koulalis, Konstantinos C Soultanis, Vasileios A Kontogeorgakos, Panayiotis J Papagelopoulos
CASE: Surgical management of tibial plateau fractures can be challenging, and complications can be devastating. We report the case of a lateral tibial plateau fracture malunion with an associated intra-articular depression, which we treated with an open-book osteotomy, obviating the need for an early corrective osteotomy or knee arthroplasty. CONCLUSION: A tibial plateau fracture malunion can be reconstructed. The surgical team should give priority to salvage options, which can obviate or delay the need for and the implications of an early total knee arthroplasty, especially in a young and active patient...
January 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244687/pilon-fractures-of-the-base-of-the-proximal-phalanx-direct-intraosseous-joint-reduction-with-bone-grafting-and-mini-screws-a-case-report
#13
Iva Neshkova, Rainer H Meffert
CASE: A 31-year-old woman sustained a closed pilon fracture of the base of the second proximal phalanx. Computed tomography showed comminution, central depression, and splaying of the articular surface. We used a method of direct intraosseous joint reduction in combination with bone-grafting and mini-screws to treat the fracture. For reduction, a golf-club-shaped instrument was inserted into the medullary cavity through a drill-hole in the phalanx. CONCLUSION: The advantage of this technique is that it leaves the joint capsular complex and the extensor hood intact...
January 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244266/patients-with-alcohol-use-disorder-co-occurring-with-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-diagnostic-and-treatment-initiation-recommendations
#14
Ahmed N Hassan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244265/herpes-zoster-and-dementia-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Shu-I Wu, Kuo-You Huang, Yao-Hsu Yang, Ting-Yu Kuo, Hsin-Yi Liang, Kuan-Lun Huang, Michael Gossop
OBJECTIVE: Some infectious diseases have been found to be associated with cognitive impairment and dementia. However, the relationship between herpes zoster and dementia has received little attention. This study aimed to investigate this association as well as associations of antiviral treatments for herpes zoster and incident dementia using a large national sample. METHODS: Cases were identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database with a new diagnosis of herpes zoster (ICD-9-CM code: 053) between 1997 and 2013...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244264/personality-traits-and-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders-in-patients-with-medication-overuse-headache-versus-episodic-migraine
#16
Nima Mohseni, Mansooreh Togha, Seyed Masoud Arzaghi, Sepideh Nekooie, Mehrnaz Fallah Tafti, Farzad Fatehi
Objective: An episodic migraine (EM) may lead to medication-overuse headache (MOH), an abnormal behavioral pattern of noncompliance. Anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and disorders caused by psychoactive substances other than analgesics all have been reported with MOH at higher rates than with EM. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationships between personality traits and anxiety and depressive disorders and headache type. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 55 patients with EM and 50 patients with MOH were recruited from were recruited from 2 university hospital clinics in Tehran, Iran, from January 2013 to November 2015...
December 14, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244233/inadequate-brain-glycogen-or-sleep-increases-spreading-depression-susceptibility
#17
Kivilcim Kilic, Hulya Karatas, Buket Donmez-Demir, Emine Eren-Kocak, Yasemin Gursoy-Ozdemir, Alp Can, Jean-Marie Petit, Pierre J Magistretti, Turgay Dalkara
OBJECTIVE: Glycogen in astrocyte endfeet contributes to maintenance of low extracellular glutamate and K+ concentrations around synapses. Sleep deprivation (SD), a common migraine trigger induces transcriptional changes in astrocytes reducing glycogen breakdown. We hypothesize that when glycogen utilization cannot match synaptic energy demand, extracellular K+ can rise to levels that activate neuronal pannexin-1 channels and downstream inflammatory pathway, which might be one of the mechanisms initiating migraine headaches...
December 15, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244201/sleep-disturbances-in-treatment-seeking-ocd-patients-changes-after-concentrated-exposure-treatment
#18
Håkon Nordahl, Audun Havnen, Bjarne Hansen, Lars-Göran Öst, Gerd Kvale
Research indicates that patients with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) frequently suffer from comorbid sleep difficulties, and that these difficulties often are not clinically recognized and diagnosed. There has been limited research investigating if comorbid sleep difficulties impair treatment outcome for OCD and if the sleep difficulties change following OCD-treatment. Thirty-six patients with obsessive compulsive disorder underwent concentrated exposure treatment delivered in a group over four consecutive days and were assessed with measures of OCD, depressive symptoms and sleep disturbance at three different time points (pre, post and 6 months follow-up)...
December 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244159/pre-clinical-model-of-severe-glutathione-peroxidase-3-deficiency-and-chronic-kidney-disease-results-in-coronary-artery-thrombosis-and-depressed-left-ventricular-function
#19
Paul Pang, Molly Abbott, Malyun Abdi, Quynh-Anh Fucci, Nikita Chauhan, Murti Mistri, Brandon Proctor, Matthew Chin, Bin Wang, Wenqing Yin, Tzong-Shi Lu, Arvin Halim, Kenneth Lim, Diane E Handy, Joseph Loscalzo, Andrew M Siedlecki
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients have deficient levels of glutathione peroxidase-3 (GPx3). We hypothesized that GPx3 deficiency may lead to cardiovascular disease in the presence of chronic kidney disease due to an accumulation of reactive oxygen species and decreased microvascular perfusion of the myocardium. Methods: To isolate the exclusive effect of GPx3 deficiency in kidney disease-induced cardiac disease, we studied the GPx3 knockout mouse strain (GPx3-/-) in the setting of surgery-induced CKD...
December 13, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244140/the-distress-and-benefit-to-bereaved-family-members-of-participating-in-a-post-bereavement-survey
#20
Mitsunori Miyashita, Maho Aoyama, Saki Yoshida, Yuji Yamada, Mutsumi Abe, Kazuhiro Yanagihara, Akemi Shirado, Mariko Shutoh, Yoshiaki Okamoto, Jun Hamano, Aoi Miyamoto, Misato Nakahata
Background: Few studies have simultaneously collected quantitative data regarding the positive and negative effects of participating in post-bereavement surveys. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional postal questionnaire survey in October 2013. Potential participants were caregivers for family members who had died in four inpatient palliative care units, two home hospices, and a general hospital. We collected opinions regarding the distress and benefit of completing a post-bereavement survey...
December 13, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
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