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Hui-Hsin Chang, Guang-Yaw Liu, Nishant Dwivedi, Bo Sun, Yuko Okamoto, Jennifer D Kinslow, Kevin D Deane, M Kristen Demoruelle, Jill M Norris, Paul R Thompson, Jeffrey A Sparks, Deepak A Rao, Elizabeth W Karlson, Hui-Chih Hung, V Michael Holers, I-Cheng Ho
A unique feature of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the presence of anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA). Several risk factors for RA are known to increase the expression or activity of peptidyl arginine deiminases (PADs), which catalyze citrullination and, when dysregulated, can result in hypercitrullination. However, the consequence of hypercitrullination is unknown and the function of each PAD has yet to be defined. Th cells of RA patients are hypoglycolytic and hyperproliferative due to impaired expression of PFKFB3 and ATM, respectively...
October 20, 2016: JCI Insight
Neha Kapila, Ankita Sharma, Amit Kishore, Monika Sodhi, Pawan K Tripathi, Ashok K Mohanty, Manishi Mukesh
The present study aims to identify the heat responsive genes and biological pathways in heat stressed buffalo mammary epithelial cells (MECs). The primary mammary epithelial cells of riverine buffalo were exposed to thermal stress at 42°C for one hour. The cells were subsequently allowed to recover at 37°C and harvested at different time intervals (30 min to 48 h) along with control samples (un-stressed). In order to assess the impact of heat stress in buffalo MECs, several in-vitro cellular parameters (lactate dehydrogenase activity, cell proliferation assay, cellular viability, cell death and apoptosis) and transcriptional studies were conducted...
2016: PloS One
Wei Zhu, Liang Ye, Jianzhao Zhang, Pengfei Yu, Hongbo Wang, Zuguang Ye, Jingwei Tian
PFKFB3 (6-phosphofructo-2-kinase) synthesizes fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (F2,6P2), which is an allosteric activator of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase (PFK-1), the rate-limiting enzyme of glycolysis. Overexpression of the PFKFB3 enzyme leads to high glycolytic metabolism, which is required for cancer cells to survive in the harsh tumor microenvironment. The objective of this study was to investigate the antitumor activity of PFK15 (1-(4-pyridinyl)-3-(2-quinolinyl)-2-propen-1-one), a small molecule inhibitor of PFKFB3, against gastric cancer and to explore its potential mechanisms...
2016: PloS One
Julie O'Neal, Amy Clem, Lindsey Reynolds, Susan Dougherty, Yoannis Imbert-Fernandez, Sucheta Telang, Jason Chesney, Brian F Clem
PURPOSE: Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) has been implicated in the progression of multiple tumor types, including breast cancer, and many downstream effectors of HER2 signaling are primary regulators of cellular metabolism, including Ras and Akt. A key downstream metabolic target of Ras and Akt is the 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase 3 isozyme (PFKFB3), whose product, fructose-2,6-bisphosphate (F26BP), is a potent allosteric activator of a rate-limiting enzyme in glycolysis, 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase (PFK-1)...
November 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Michael A Reid, Xazmin H Lowman, Min Pan, Thai Q Tran, Marc O Warmoes, Mari B Ishak Gabra, Ying Yang, Jason W Locasale, Mei Kong
Glutamine is an essential nutrient for cancer cell survival and proliferation. Enhanced utilization of glutamine often depletes its local supply, yet how cancer cells adapt to low glutamine conditions is largely unknown. Here, we report that IκB kinase β (IKKβ) is activated upon glutamine deprivation and is required for cell survival independently of NF-κB transcription. We demonstrate that IKKβ directly interacts with and phosphorylates 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-biphosphatase isoform 3 (PFKFB3), a major driver of aerobic glycolysis, at Ser269 upon glutamine deprivation to inhibit its activity, thereby down-regulating aerobic glycolysis when glutamine levels are low...
August 15, 2016: Genes & Development
Hui Jiang, Hengfei Shi, Man Sun, Yafeng Wang, Qingzhou Meng, Panpan Guo, Yanlan Cao, Jiong Chen, Xiang Gao, Erguang Li, Jianghuai Liu
Signaling by viral nucleic acids and subsequently by type I IFN is central to antiviral innate immunity. These signaling events are also likely to engage metabolic changes in immune and nonimmune cells to support antiviral defense. In this study, we show that cytosolic viral recognition, by way of secondary IFN signaling, leads to upregulation of glycolysis preferentially in macrophages. This metabolic switch involves induction of glycolytic activator 6-phosphofructose-2-kinase and fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (PFKFB3)...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Peter Arner, Anna-Stina Sahlqvist, Indranil Sinha, Huan Xu, Xiang Yao, Dawn Waterworth, Deepak Rajpal, A Katrina Loomis, Johannes M Freudenberg, Toby Johnson, Anders Thorell, Erik Näslund, Mikael Ryden, Ingrid Dahlman
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Insulin resistance (IR) links obesity to type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to explore whether white adipose tissue (WAT) epigenetic dysregulation is associated with systemic IR by genome-wide CG dinucleotide (CpG) methylation and gene expression profiling in WAT from insulin-resistant and insulin-sensitive women. A secondary aim was to determine whether the DNA methylation signature in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) reflects WAT methylation and, if so, can be used as a marker for systemic IR...
November 2016: Diabetologia
D O Minchenko, Y E Novik, H S Maslak, O V Tiazhka, O H Minchenko
We studied the peculiarity of the expression of several key genes related to dysregulation of cell proliferation and surviving processes in pediatric glioma (glioblastoma multiforme) tissue from five children with age from 5 to 8 years as well a sin corresponding nonmalignant tissue counterparts as control from the same patients. RNA was isolated from glioma tissue and corresponding non-malignant tissue counterparts and PFKFB1, PFKFB2, PFKFB3, PFKFB4, HK2, NAMPT, TSPAN13, and HSPB8 gene expressions were studied by quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
October 2015: Likars'ka Sprava
Bert Cruys, Brian W Wong, Anna Kuchnio, Dries Verdegem, Anna Rita Cantelmo, Lena-Christin Conradi, Saar Vandekeere, Ann Bouché, Ivo Cornelissen, Stefan Vinckier, Roeland M H Merks, Elisabetta Dejana, Holger Gerhardt, Mieke Dewerchin, Katie Bentley, Peter Carmeliet
During vessel sprouting, endothelial cells (ECs) dynamically rearrange positions in the sprout to compete for the tip position. We recently identified a key role for the glycolytic activator PFKFB3 in vessel sprouting by regulating cytoskeleton remodelling, migration and tip cell competitiveness. It is, however, unknown how glycolysis regulates EC rearrangement during vessel sprouting. Here we report that computational simulations, validated by experimentation, predict that glycolytic production of ATP drives EC rearrangement by promoting filopodia formation and reducing intercellular adhesion...
2016: Nature Communications
Rachel Botchlett, Honggui Li, Xin Guo, Ting Qi, JiaJia Zhao, Juan Zheng, Shih-Lung Woo, Ya Pei, Mengyang Liu, Xiang Hu, Guang Chen, Ting Guo, Sijun Yang, Qifu Li, Xiaoqiu Xiao, Yuqing Huo, Chaodong Wu
The gene PFKFB3 encodes for inducible 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase, a glycolysis-regulatory enzyme that protects against diet-induced intestine inflammation. However, it is unclear how nutrient overload regulates PFKFB3 expression and inflammatory responses in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs). In the present study, primary IECs were isolated from small intestine of C57BL/6J mice fed a low-fat diet (LFD) or high-fat diet (HFD) for 12 weeks. Additionally, CMT-93 cells, a cell line for IECs, were cultured in low glucose (LG, 5...
2016: Scientific Reports
Ke Yao Hu, De Gui Wang, Peng Fei Liu, Yan Wei Cao, Yong Hua Wang, Xue Cheng Yang, Cheng Xia Hu, Li Jiang Sun, Hai Tao Niu
Phosphofructokinase-2/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase 3 (PFKFB3) and monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1) play important roles in tumor endothelial cells (ECs) and several biological processes. The present study was conducted to study the effects of PFKFB3 and MCT1 on cell proliferation and apoptosis in the tumor microenvironment by co-culture of HUVECs and T24, a bladder cancer (BC) cell line, using a microfluidic device. Immunofluorescence assay showed that HUVEC activity was significantly enhanced under co-culture with T24 cells, according to the stronger fluorescence intensity of CD31 and CD105 than that in the signal‑cultured cells...
August 2016: Oncology Reports
X Ge, Z Cao, Y Gu, F Wang, J Li, M Han, W Xia, Z Yu, P Lyu
Paclitaxel is a commonly used agent for breast cancer therapy, which comes across the obstacle "drug resistance", resulting in shortened overall survival of patients. Warburg effect has become one character of cancer cell and was reported to induce paclitaxel resistance, the mechanism of which is poorly understood. In this study, we sought to examine the role of 6-Phosphofructo-2-kinase (PFKFB3), a critical regulator of glycolysis, in paclitaxel resistance development. Two clones of paclitaxel resistant breast cancer cells, MCF-7RA and MCF-7RB, were established by a long term exposure of MCF-7 cells to paclitaxel...
2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Wei-Ching Chen, Chih-Yang Wang, Yu-Hsuan Hung, Tzu-Yang Weng, Meng-Chi Yen, Ming-Derg Lai
Dysregulated lipid metabolism contributes to cancer progression. Our previous study indicates that long-chain fatty acyl-Co A synthetase (ACSL) 3 is essential for lipid upregulation induced by endoplasmic reticulum stress. In this report, we aimed to identify the role of ACSL family in cancer with systematic analysis and in vitro experiment. We explored the ACSL expression using Oncomine database to determine the gene alteration during carcinogenesis and identified the association between ACSL expression and the survival of cancer patient using PrognoScan database...
2016: PloS One
Joshua K Salabei, Pawel K Lorkiewicz, Parul Mehra, Andrew A Gibb, Petra Haberzettl, Kyung U Hong, Xiaoli Wei, Xiang Zhang, Qianhong Li, Marcin Wysoczynski, Roberto Bolli, Aruni Bhatnagar, Bradford G Hill
Type 2 diabetes is associated with increased mortality and progression to heart failure. Recent studies suggest that diabetes also impairs reparative responses after cell therapy. In this study, we examined potential mechanisms by which diabetes affects cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs). CPCs isolated from the diabetic heart showed diminished proliferation, a propensity for cell death, and a pro-adipogenic phenotype. The diabetic CPCs were insulin-resistant, and they showed higher energetic reliance on glycolysis, which was associated with up-regulation of the pro-glycolytic enzyme 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase 3 (PFKFB3)...
June 24, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Chien Tai Hong, Kai-Yin Chau, Anthony H V Schapira
Meclizine is a well-tolerated drug routinely used as an anti-histamine agent in the management of disequilibrium. Recently, meclizine has been assessed for its neuroprotective properties in ischemic stroke and Huntington disease models. We found that meclizine protected against 6-hydroxydopamine-induced apoptosis and cell death in both SH-SY5Y cells and rat primary cortical cultures. Meclizine increases the level of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-biphosphatase 3 (PFKFB3), which activates phosphofructokinase, a rate-determining enzyme of glycolysis...
2016: Scientific Reports
Xiaochen He, Heng Zeng, Jian-Xiong Chen
RATIONALE: Sirtuin (SIRT3), a major nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-dependent deacetylase in mitochondria, declines with aging and its ablation is associated with accelerated development of cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of SIRT3 in coronary microvascular function and post-MI recovery has not been completely understood. OBJECTIVE: The goal was to investigate whether ablation of SIRT3 causes coronary microvascular dysfunction, exacerbates post-myocardial ischemia (MI) cardiac dysfunction and impairs cardiac recovery...
July 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Mary E Ziegler, Michaela M S Hatch, Nan Wu, Steven A Muawad, Christopher C W Hughes
The chemokine CXCL12, through its receptor CXCR4, positively regulates angiogenesis by promoting endothelial cell (EC) migration and tube formation. However, the relevant downstream signaling pathways in EC have not been defined. Similarly, the upstream activators of mTORC2 signaling in EC are also poorly defined. Here, we demonstrate for the first time that CXCL12 regulation of angiogenesis requires mTORC2 but not mTORC1. We find that CXCR4 signaling activates mTORC2 as indicated by phosphorylation of serine 473 on Akt and does so through a G-protein- and PI3K-dependent pathway...
July 2016: Angiogenesis
Parmanand Singh, Silvia González-Ramos, Marina Mojena, César Eduardo Rosales-Mendoza, Hamed Emami, Jeffrey Swanson, Alex Morss, Zahi A Fayad, James H F Rudd, Jeffrey Gelfand, Marta Paz-García, Paloma Martín-Sanz, Lisardo Boscá, Ahmed Tawakol
UNLABELLED: (18)F-FDG accumulates in glycolytically active tissues and is known to concentrate in tissues that are rich in activated macrophages. In this study, we tested the hypotheses that human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), a clinically used cytokine, increases macrophage glycolysis and deoxyglucose uptake in vitro and acutely enhances (18)F-FDG uptake within inflamed tissues such as atherosclerotic plaques in vivo. METHODS: In vitro experiments were conducted on human macrophages whereby inflammatory activation and uptake of radiolabeled 2-deoxyglucose was assessed before and after GM-CSF exposure...
September 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Lili Chen, Jiajia Zhao, Qingming Tang, Honggui Li, Chenguang Zhang, Ran Yu, Yan Zhao, Yuqing Huo, Chaodong Wu
Circadian clock dysregulation promotes cancer growth. Here we show that PFKFB3, the gene that encodes for inducible 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase as an essential supporting enzyme of cancer cell survival through stimulating glycolysis, mediates circadian control of carcinogenesis. In patients with tongue cancers, PFKFB3 expression in both cancers and its surrounding tissues was increased significantly compared with that in the control, and was accompanied with dys-regulated expression of core circadian genes. In the in vitro systems, SCC9 tongue cancer cells displayed rhythmic expression of PFKFB3 and CLOCK that was distinct from control KC cells...
2016: Scientific Reports
Michael A Lea, Yolanda Guzman, Charles Desbordes
Enhanced glycolysis in cancer cells presents a target for chemotherapy. Previous studies have indicated that proliferation of cancer cells can be inhibited by treatment with phenformin and with an inhibitor of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase 3 (PFKFB) namely 3-(3-pyridinyl)-1-(4-pyridinyl)-2-propen-1-one (3PO). In the present work, the action of two inhibitors that are effective at lower concentrations than 3PO, namely 1-(3-pyridinyl)-3-(2-quinolinyl)-2-propen-1-one (PQP) and 1-(4-pyridinyl)-3-(2-quinolinyl)-2-propen-1-one (PFK15) were investigated...
April 2016: Anticancer Research
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