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Knee pain incidence

William T Obremskey, Norele Cutrera, Christopher M Kidd
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine optimal treatment of stable tibial shaft fractures using intramedullary nailing (IMN) or casting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a multi-center prospective study cohort. Patients with stable tibia shaft fractures meeting Sarmiento's criteria (isolated closed fractures with less than 12 mm of shortening and 10° of angulation) were enrolled prospectively and treated with either a reamed IMN with static interlocking screws or closed reduction followed by long-leg casting...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Erhan Şükür, Yusuf Öztürkmen, Yunus Emre Akman, Ahmet Senel, İbrahim Azboy
INTRODUCTION: There is no consensus on the position of the knee joint while performing wound closure after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Further, there are no studies focusing on the association between early functional outcomes and different wound closure strategies. Therefore, we investigated the effects of tourniquet and knee position during wound closure on early recovery of range of motion (ROM) after primary TKA. To our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate the influence of both tourniquet and knee position during wound closure in primary TKA...
October 20, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Jianbing Ma, Weijie Zhang, Shuxin Yao
OBJECTIVE: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) usually results in postoperative pain. The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the effectiveness and safety of liposomal bupivacaine (LB) infiltration and femoral nerve block (FNB) for pain control in total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: We systemically searched electronic databases, including Embase (1980-2016.7), MEDLINE (1966-2016.7), PubMed (1966-2016.7), ScienceDirect (1985-2016.7), Web of Science (1950-2016...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Radhesh Krishna Lalam, Victor N Cassar-Pullicino, Naomi Winn
Paget disease (PD) is a common disease of bone associated with abnormal bone turnover that in turn is due to an imbalance between osteoclastic and osteoblastic activity. There is good evidence that PD is reducing in incidence, prevalence, and severity. The disease is most often asymptomatic and is usually detected incidentally on imaging examinations performed for other reasons. The features of PD are relatively specific on radiographs and computed tomography. However, the appearances on magnetic resonance imaging are subtle and nonspecific, although it has become the initial imaging choice for several clinical indications including back pain, neurologic dysfunction, and knee pain...
July 2016: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
Pavlos E Evangelidis, Garry J Massey, Richard A Ferguson, Patrick C Wheeler, Matthew T G Pain, Jonathan P Folland
Hamstrings muscle fiber composition may be predominantly fast-twitch and could explain the high incidence of hamstrings strain injuries. However, hamstrings muscle composition in vivo, and its influence on knee flexor muscle function, remains unknown. We investigated biceps femoris long head (BFlh) myosin heavy chain (MHC) composition from biopsy samples, and the association of hamstrings composition and hamstrings muscle volume (using MRI) with knee flexor maximal and explosive strength. Thirty-one young men performed maximal (concentric, eccentric, isometric) and explosive (isometric) contractions...
October 13, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Jeffrey B Driban, Alina C Stout, Grace H Lo, Charles B Eaton, Lori Lyn Price, Bing Lu, Mary F Barbe, Timothy E McAlindon
BACKGROUND: We evaluated agreement among several definitions of accelerated knee osteoarthritis (AKOA) and construct validity by comparing their individual associations with injury, age, obesity, and knee pain. METHODS: We selected knees from the Osteoarthritis Initiative that had no radiographic knee osteoarthritis [Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) 0 or 1] at baseline and had high-quality quantitative medial joint space width (JSW) measures on two or more consecutive visits (n = 1655 knees, 1143 participants)...
October 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
Pankaj Sharma, Vivek Tiwari, Shah Alam Khan, Shishir Rastogi
Pigmented villo-nodular synovitis (PVNS) is a common disease entity particularly in the knee joint but its incidence in the foot is quite rare. A case of PVNS of the second toe that presented at the outpatient department with an insidious onset and slowly progressive painful swelling of the toe associated with stiffness is presented. The mass was subsequently excised and the diagnosis confirmed by histo-pathology samples. The patient's symptoms improved significantly after the operation. This case is one of the very few reported cases of PVNS involvement of flexor tendon sheath of the foot...
August 3, 2016: Foot
N Lefevre, S Klouche, O de Pamphilis, S Herman, A Gerometta, Y Bohu
INTRODUCTION: Femoral nerve block (FNB) is considered as a major advance in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction as it reduces the need for parenteral opioids. However, the incidence of transient or even permanent neurological deficits due to the FNB is estimated at 1.94% after knee surgery. The primary objective of this study was to compare local infiltration analgesia (LIA) to FNB during ACL reconstruction procedures. The study hypothesis was that LIA was not less effective than FNB on early postoperative pain...
October 3, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Chenyi Ye, Wei Zhang, Weigang Wu, Mingyuan Xu, Nwofor Samuel Nonso, Rongxin He
BACKGROUND: To enhance surgical exposure, resection of the infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) is usually a routine procedure in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, there is conflicting evidence regarding whether IPFP resection during TKA impairs clinical outcome. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the influence of IPFP resection on primary TKA. METHODS: Embase, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched up to August 2016 to identify relevant studies...
2016: PloS One
John Schwappach, Sara M Dryden, Kristin M Salottolo
This study was conducted to investigate the safety and efficacy of 3 intraarticular injections of the low-molecular-weight fraction of 5% human serum albumin (LMWF-5A) administered every 2 weeks for knee pain as a result of osteoarthritis. This single-center, randomized, vehicle-controlled, double-blind, phase II study was designed to ensure the safety of multiple intra-articular injections of LMWF-5A and to explore its efficacy in reducing pain as a result of knee osteoarthritis. Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive 3 biweekly intra-articular knee injections of either 4 mL LMWF-5A or vehicle control (saline), administered at weeks 0 (baseline), 2, and 4...
September 29, 2016: Orthopedics
A Rajeev, N Tumia, K Karn, S Kashyap, D Mayne
Pain control plays a key role in joint-replacement -surgery. As a surgeon the challenge is to reduce pain to an acceptable level in the post-operative period. The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of bolus -local anaesthesia, infusion in to the surgical site and nerve blocks with femoral nerve catheter and its functional outcome. A prospective audit of 114 patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty were carried out.The patients were divided in to three groups : Group 1 (n = 27) received a bolus injection of 20 ml 0...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Joshua C Rozell, P Maxwell Courtney, Jonathan R Dattilo, Chia H Wu, Gwo Chin Lee
BACKGROUND: Improved pain management and early mobilization protocols have increased interest in the feasibility of short stay (<24 hours) or outpatient total hip (THA) and total knee (TKA) arthroplasty. However, concerns exist regarding patient safety and readmissions. The purposes of this study were to determine the incidence of in-hospital complications following THA/TKA, to create a model to identify comorbidities associated with the risk of developing major complications >24 hours postoperatively, and to validate this model against another consecutive series of patients...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Hiroshi Higuchi, Atsushi Kobayashi, Keiko Ikeda, Kazuhisa Hatayama, Sinya Yanagisawa, Kazuo Kato
This prospective pilot study investigated whether grafting β-tricalcium phosphate (B-TCP) into the bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB)-harvesting site after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction would accelerate bone and tendon regeneration in the grafted site. Overall, 19 patients agreed prospectively to undergo regular morphological and histological examinations of the B-TCP-grafted site. Postoperative radiographic, ultrasonographic, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations were performed to evaluate the grafted site at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
Khawla Achour, Eya Mersni, Bassem Krifa, Emna Bahlouli, Sonia Lebib, Catherine Dziri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to determine the epidemiological and characteristics and the therapeutic modalities of heterotopic ossification in brain injury. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study conducted between January 2010 and January 2016, including patients hospitalized for management of sequelae of an isolated head injury or associated with multiple trauma, and in whom the diagnosis of of heterotopic ossification (HO) was increased. A review of epidemiological data (including age, sex, occupation, type of neurological injury, discovering circumstances of HO), clinical data, the therapeutic choice and evolutivity...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Ismail Turkmen, Yavuz Saglam, Fatih Turkmensoy, Bahattin Kemah, Adnan Kara, Koray Unay
PURPOSE: Anterior knee pain (AKP) is one of the most common complications after tibia intramedullary surgery. We evaluated changes in patellar tendon length after tibia intramedullary nailing surgery using a transtendinous approach and assessed the importance of nail position in relation to the anterior tibial cortex and joint line. METHODS: Two surgeons blinded to patients' pain status measured both the knee Insall-Salvati and Caton-Deschamps indexes on 30° flexion lateral knee X-rays of 33 patients...
September 22, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
G S H Ramakanth, C Uday Kumar, P V Kishan, P Usharani
BACKGROUND: Root extracts of Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) are known to possess analgesic, anti-inflammatory and chondroprotective effects. An aqueous extract of roots plus leaves of this plant has shown to yield higher percentages of withanolide glycosides and, accordingly, may possess better analgesic, anti-inflammatory and chondroprotective effects than root alone extracts. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate efficacy and tolerability of a standardized aqueous extract of roots plus leaves of W...
July 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Nicholas F Matlovich, Brent A Lanting, Edward M Vasarhelyi, Douglas D Naudie, Richard W McCalden, James L Howard
BACKGROUND: Fracture location is an important consideration in managing supracondylar periprosthetic femur fractures. The outcomes of locked plating and intramedullary (IM) nail fixation were therefore compared based on fracture location, being above or at/below the total knee arthroplasty (TKA) flange. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients were identified from surgical records as being treated for supracondylar periprosthetic femur fracture with either a locking plate (n = 38) or IM nail (n = 19)...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Lisa C Carlesso, Neil Segal, Jeffrey R Curtis, Barton L Wise, Laura Frey Law, Michael Nevitt, Tuhina Neogi
OBJECTIVES: To examine the longitudinal relation of knee pain, radiographic osteoarthritis (ROA), symptomatic knee OA (SxOA) and knee pain severity to incident widespread pain (WSP). METHODS: The Multicenter Osteoarthritis Study is a longitudinal cohort of persons with or at risk of knee OA. Participants were characterized with regards to consistent frequent knee pain (CFKP), ROA (Kellgren & Lawrence grade ≥2), SxOA, and knee pain severity at the 60-month visit (baseline)...
September 16, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Matthew C Kinney, David Nagle, Tracey Bastrom, Michael S Linn, Alexandra K Schwartz, Andrew T Pennock
BACKGROUND: Displaced tibial shaft fractures are common in adolescent patients, yet there is no standardized management strategy. We compared surgical fixation and closed reduction and casting (CRC) of these fractures to assess treatment outcomes and determine predictors of failure. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients aged 12 to 18 who presented with a displaced tibial shaft fracture that required reduction over an 8-year period. Exclusion criteria included open fractures and lack of follow-up to radiographic union or to 6 months from the index procedure...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Chitranjan S Ranawat, Peter B White, Sarah West, Amar S Ranawat
BACKGROUND: Anterior knee pain (AKP) and/or crepitation are important causes of dissatisfaction after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Aim of this prospective, matched-pair study was to compare 2 different designs of patellofemoral (ie, trochlear groove) TKA. The Attune knee has an anatomic trochlear groove with a medialized dome patellar component vs the PFC Sigma with a single radius trochlear groove with a domed shaped patella. METHODS: Between January 2010 and December 2014, 100 consecutive Attune TKAs were matched to 100 PFC Sigma TKAs based on age, gender, side, and body mass index...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
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