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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923147/idiopathic-syringomyelia-in-a-military-helicopter-pilot
#1
Anthony Schiemer
BACKGROUND: A syrinx is a fluid-filled cavity within the spinal cord. They can lead to a variety of symptoms, including limb weakness and back pain. Incidental finding of syringomyelia provides a challenge for clinicians due to the wide variety of possible symptoms. In military aviation, neurological findings in pilots can result in extensive investigation that can lead to potentially invasive management. Conversely, the potential for chronic progression of a spinal syrinx and subsequent neurological deterioration makes early identification critical...
October 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918752/correlation-of-csf-flow-using-phase-contrast-mri-with-ventriculomegaly-and-csf-opening-pressure-in-mucopolysaccharidoses
#2
Amauri Dalla Corte, Carolina F M de Souza, Maurício Anés, Fabio K Maeda, Armelle Lokossou, Leonardo M Vedolin, Maria Gabriela Longo, Monica M Ferreira, Solanger G P Perrone, Olivier Balédent, Roberto Giugliani
BACKGROUND: Very little is known about the incidence and prevalence of hydrocephalus in patients with mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS). The biggest challenge is to distinguish communicating hydrocephalus from ventricular dilatation secondary to brain atrophy, because both conditions share common clinical and neuroradiological features. The main purpose of this study is to assess the relationship between ventriculomegaly, brain and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volumes, aqueductal and cervical CSF flows, and CSF opening pressure in MPS patients, and to provide potential biomarkers for abnormal CSF circulation...
September 18, 2017: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915426/intravenous-dexamethasone-as-an-adjunct-to-improve-labor-analgesia-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Pratibha Dube, Sukanya Mitra, Jasveer Singh, Richa Saroa, Reeti Mehra
OBJECTIVE: To study the role of intravenous (i.v.) dexamethasone as an analgesic adjunct in labor analgesia. DESIGN: Double-blinded randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Labor analgesia in a tertiary-care teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Eighty consenting ASA I-II parturients, age>18year, nulliparous, single gestation, cephalic presentation at ≥36 wk. of gestation, in early spontaneous labor (cervical dilatation≤5cm) requesting epidural analgesia...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898687/outcomes-of-mifepristone-usage-for-cervical-ripening-and-induction-of-labour-in-full-term-pregnancy-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Oleg R Baev, Valentina P Rumyantseva, Oleg V Tysyachnyu, Olga A Kozlova, Gennady T Sukhikh
OBJECTIVE: The most commonly used approved indications for mifepristone in obstetrics include: termination of early pregnancy, cervical dilatation prior to abortion, labour induction in case of fetal death in utero. Fewer studies have been conducted on the effect of mifepristone on cervical ripening and induction of labour in term pregnancy with a live fetus. The aim of our study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of mifepristone use for cervical ripening and induction of labour versus expectant management in full-term pregnancy...
September 1, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892266/cervical-dilatation-patterns-of-low-risk-women-with-spontaneous-labour-and-normal-perinatal-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#5
Olufemi T Oladapo, Virginia Diaz, Mercedes Bonet, Edgardo Abalos, Soe Soe Thwin, Hayala Souza, Gleici Perdoná, Joao Paulo Souza, A Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: The call for women-centred approaches to reduce labour interventions, particularly primary caesarean section, has renewed interest in a better understanding of natural labour progression. OBJECTIVES: To synthesise available data on the cervical dilatation patterns during spontaneous labour of 'low-risk' women with normal perinatal outcomes. SEARCH STRATEGY: PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, POPLINE, Global Health Library, and reference lists of eligible studies...
September 11, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886213/prospective-study-of-the-effect-of-maternal-body-mass-index-on-labor-progress-in-nulliparous-women-in-egypt
#6
Ahmed M Maged, Doaa S Belal, Heba M Marie, Hamsa Rashwan, Suzy Abdelaziz, Amir A Gabr, Ahmed R Elzayat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of maternal body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters) on labor progress in nulliparous women. METHODS: The present prospective cohort study enrolled primigravidae admitted to Kasr Al Ainy hospital, Cairo University, Egypt, during active labor between February 1, 2016, and February 28, 2017. Patients were classified into three equal groups using their BMI at admission: underweight (<18...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881800/menstrual-pattern-after-abdominal-radical-trachelectomy
#7
Xiaoqi Li, Jin Li, Xingzhu Ju, Zhaoxia Jiang, Xiaojun Chen, Xiaohua Wu
To assess changes of menstrual patterns, their causes, preventions and treatment methods after abdominal radical trachelectomy (ART), we recorded patients' menstrual patterns after surgery and compared them with the conditions before surgery. Patients were divided into 3 groups based on their menstrual status post-trachelectomy:Group 1: menstrual patterns unchanged; Group 2: menstrual patterns changed without amenorrhea; and Group 3: amenorrhea. One hundred and twenty-nine patients were included: 39 (30.2%) women belonged to Group 1, 74 (57...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847027/applying-the-newman-peacock-prognostic-system-to-a-portuguese-obstetrical-population-a-useful-tool
#8
Rita Mendes Silva, Nuno Clode
Background External cephalic version (ECV) is a maneuver that enables the rotation of the non-cephalic fetus to a cephalic presentation. The Newman-Peacock (NP) index, which was proposed by Newman et al. in a study published in 1993, was described as a prediction tool of the success of this procedure; it was validated in a North-American population, and three prognostic groups were identified. Purpose To evaluate the value of the NP score for the prediction of a successful ECV in a Portuguese obstetrical population, and to evaluate maternal and fetal safety...
August 28, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834186/pre-operative-effects-of-mifepristone-poem-for-dilation-and-evacuation-after-19-weeks-gestation-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Kate A Shaw, Klaira Lerma, Jonathan G Shaw, Karen J Scrivner, Michele Hugin, Frederick W Hopkins, Paul D Blumenthal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate mifepristone as an adjunct to, or replacement for, osmotic dilators for cervical preparation in surgical abortion after 19-weeks gestation. DESIGN: Site-stratified, double-blinded randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Two tertiary care teaching hospitals. POPULATION: Women undergoing dilation and evacuation (D&E) at 19-23 plus 6/7 weeks gestation from November 2013 through November 2015. METHODS: Participants were randomised to receive (1) mifepristone alone (n=27), (2) osmotic dilators with mifepristone (n=27), or (3) osmotic dilators with placebo (n=21) with all receiving pre-procedure misoprostol...
August 22, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833533/the-thoracic-duct-and-the-fontan-patient
#10
Cassandra Sung, John L Bass, James M Berry, Charles W Shepard, Bruce Lindgren, Lazaros K Kochilas
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound imaging of adults with heart failure and increased central venous pressure (CVP) has shown significant thoracic duct (TD) dilation from impedance in lymphatic drainage. Elevated CVP and abnormal lymphatic drainage are implicated in severe Fontan complications, including protein losing enteropathy (PLE) and plastic bronchitis (PB). Systematic studies of TD and lymphatic circulation in children are limited, and their cervical TD normative values have not been established...
August 22, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804685/percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-through-paramedian-technique-and-lateral-approach-in-a-patient-with-cervical-esophagostomy-a-case-report
#11
Kapil D Soni, Neha Garg, Richa Aggarwal, Ambuj Ambuj
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is a common surgical procedure and established as first choice for securing the airway in critically ill patients needing prolonged mechanical ventilation. There are case reports of open tracheostomy through paramedian approach without complications. This case report presents a case of PDT through paramedian approach. CASE REPORT: An 18 year old female, case of firearm injury underwent cervical esophagostomy on the left side of neck approaching midline...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794527/the-effect-of-addition-of-dexamethasone-to-levobupivacaine-in-parturients-receiving-combined-spinal-epidural-for-analgesia-for-vaginal-delivery
#12
Amr Samir Wahdan, Ahmed Ibrahim El-Sakka, Hassan Mostafa Ismail Gaafar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Regional analgesia is commonly used for the relief of labour pain, Prolongation of analgesia can be achieved by adjuvant medications. The aim of this randomised controlled trial was to evaluate the efficacy of intrathecal levobupivacaine with dexamethasone for labour analgesia. METHODS: A total of 80 females were included in this study, all were primigravidas undergoing vaginal delivery with cervical dilatation ≥4 cm and 50% or more effacement...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779925/effects-of-low-back-massage-on-perceived-birth-pain-and-satisfaction
#13
Seda Unalmis Erdogan, Emre Yanikkerem, Asli Goker
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of low back massage on perceived birth pain and delivery. METHOD: This study was designed as a study-control experimental type. The study sample consisted of 62 pregnant women (massage group = 31, control group = 31). Massage was applied to the study group in three phases during intrapartum period. The massages were done at the end of latent, active and transition phases (at cervical dilatation 3-4 cm, 5-7 cm, 8-10 cm) correspondingly...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765987/anastomosis-of-the-external-carotid-artery-and-the-v3-segment-of-the-vertebral-artery-presumed-persistent-second-cervical-intersegmental-artery-diagnosed-by-ct-angiography
#14
Akira Uchino, Naoko Saito, Hiroki Kurita
Congenital anastomosis of the external carotid (ECA) and vertebral (VA) arteries is extremely rare. We report a case of right ECA-VA anastomosis diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) angiography. The presumed dilated ascending pharyngeal artery coursed posteriorly and entered the C1 right transverse foramen. The proximal right VA was aplastic, and the C2 right transverse foramen was absent. Based on these findings, we diagnosed congenital anastomosis of the ECA and V3 segment of the VA, which we presumed to represent persistence of the second cervical intersegmental artery...
August 1, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738708/the-effect-of-hyoscine-butylbromide-on-the-duration-and-progress-of-labor-in-primigravidae-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Ahmed Mohamed Maged, Medhat Mosaad, Ahmed M AbdelHak, Mohamed M Kotb, Maged M Salem
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of hyoscine butylbromide (HBB) on duration of the first stage of labor in primigravdae. METHODS: A case-control study conducted on 120 primigravida at term admitted in active labor were divided into three equal groups. A single dose of the drug (placebo or HBB 20 mg or HBB 40 mg) was injected intravenously slowly to groups A, B, and C. The duration of the first stage was calculated from the time of cervical dilatation of three to four centimeters in active labor until a fully dilated cervix was observed...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721567/modified-double-layer-anastomosis-for-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-an-effective-way-to-prevent-leakage-and-stricture
#16
Yong Yuan, Xiao-Xi Zeng, Yong-Fan Zhao, Long-Qi Chen
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage and stricture contribute to a large number of mortality and morbidity after esophagectomy. The aim of this work is to evaluate the outcome of modified double-layer hand-sewn esophagogastric anastomosis during minimally invasive esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. METHODS: The clinicopathological data of 176 consecutive esophageal cancer patients who underwent cervical esophagogastric anastomosis using modified double-layer hand-sewn technique after radical esophagectomy were retrospectively reviewed...
July 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712899/iatrogenic-ascending-pharyngeal-artery-injury-by-predilation-balloon-inflation-during-carotid-artery-stenting-with-flow-reversal
#17
Junpei Koge, Tomonori Iwata, Shigehisa Mizuta, Yukihiko Nakamura, Shun-Ichi Matsumoto, Takeshi Yamada
BACKGROUND: The ascending pharyngeal artery (APA) may rarely arise from the common carotid artery bifurcation. We report an injury to the APA as an unusual complication of predilation balloon inflation during carotid artery stenting (CAS) with flow reversal. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 73-year-old man presented with symptomatic severe left cervical internal carotid artery stenosis. The left APA arose from the common carotid artery bifurcation. We performed CAS with flow reversal to decrease the risk of distal embolization...
July 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711642/transverse-vaginal-septum-identified-in-a-patient-requesting-second-trimester-abortion-a-case-report
#18
Jennifer A Pitotti, Veronica I Alaniz, Stephanie Teal, Kristina Tocce
A primigravid immigrant woman presented for termination of a 16-week pregnancy. The cervix was obscured by a transverse vaginal septum and was only identifiable by ultrasound. We used mifepristone for cervical preparation before concurrent septoplasty and dilation and evacuation.
July 12, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700733/non-invasive-prediction-of-preterm-birth-in-women-with-cervical-insufficiency-or-an-asymptomatic-short-cervix-%C3%A2-25-mm-by-measurement-of-biomarkers-in-the-cervicovaginal-fluid
#19
Ha-Na Yoo, Kyo Hoon Park, Eun Young Jung, Yu Mi Kim, Song Yi Kook, Se Jeong Jeon
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether various proteins in the cervicovaginal fluid (CVF) known to be involved in immune regulation, alone or in combination with clinical risk factors, can predict spontaneous preterm delivery (SPTD) in women with cervical insufficiency or a short cervix (≤25 mm). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 62 asymptomatic women with cervical insufficiency (n = 27) or an asymptomatic short cervix (n = 35) at 18-27 weeks. CVF swab samples were taken for assays of vitamin D binding protein (VDBP), interleukin (IL)-8, matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-9, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1, and Dickkopf-related protein 3 (DKK3) before cervical examination, and maternal blood was collected for the determination of the C-reactive protein (CRP) level...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694344/prevalence-of-pregnancy-related-complications-and-course-of-labour-of-surviving-women-who-gave-birth-in-selected-health-facilities-in-rwanda-a-health-facility-based-cross-sectional-study
#20
Jean Paul Semasaka Sengoma, Gunilla Krantz, Manasse Nzayirambaho, Cyprien Munyanshongore, Kristina Edvardsson, Ingrid Mogren
OBJECTIVES: This study estimated health facility-based prevalence for pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, postpartum haemorrhage and caesarean section (CS) due to prolonged labour/dystocia. The background characteristics of Rwandan pregnant women, the course of labour and the level of healthcare were investigated in relation to pregnancy and delivery outcomes. METHODS: This is health facility-based study and data were collected in 2014-2015 through structured interviews and medical records (n=817) in Kigali and Northern Province, Rwanda...
July 9, 2017: BMJ Open
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