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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660598/first-in-human-phase-1-dose-escalation-pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-study-of-the-oral-dual-pi3k-and-mtorc1-2-inhibitor-pqr309-in-patients-with-advanced-solid-tumors-sakk-67-13
#1
Andreas Wicki, Nicholas Brown, Alexandros Xyrafas, Vincent Bize, Hanne Hawle, Simona Berardi, Nataša Cmiljanović, Vladimir Cmiljanović, Michael Stumm, Saša Dimitrijević, Richard Herrmann, Vincent Prêtre, Reto Ritschard, Alexandar Tzankov, Viviane Hess, Alexa Childs, Cinta Hierro, Jordi Rodon, Dagmar Hess, Markus Joerger, Roger von Moos, Cristiana Sessa, Rebecca Kristeleit
BACKGROUND: PQR309 is an orally bioavailable, balanced pan-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) C1 and mTORC2 inhibitor. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is an accelerated titration, 3 + 3 dose-escalation, open-label phase I trial of continuous once-daily (OD) PQR309 administration to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics in patients with advanced solid tumours. Primary objectives were to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D)...
April 13, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644904/survivin-and-cortactin-expression-in-sinonasal-schneiderian-inverted-papilloma-and-associated-carcinoma
#2
Gino Marioni, Giuseppe Brescia, Lorenzo Nicolè, Rosario Marchese-Ragona, Umberto Barion, Luciano Giacomelli, Filippo Marino, Alessandro Martini, Giancarlo Ottaviano
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal inverted (schneiderian) papilloma (IP) is histologically benign but shows a propensity for malignant transformation. Survivin, a member of the inhibitor of the apoptosis family of proteins that controls cell division, apoptosis, metastasis, and, probably, also neoangiogenesis, is overexpressed in essentially all human cancers. Overexpression of the multidomain protein cortactin has also been associated with increased cell migration, invasion, and metastatic potential in several malignancies...
March 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626308/patterns-of-treatment-failure-in-patients-with-sinonasal-mucosal-melanoma
#3
Moran Amit, Samantha Tam, Ahmed S Abdelmeguid, Michael E Kupferman, Shirley Y Su, Shaan M Raza, Franco DeMonte, Ehab Y Hanna
BACKGROUND: Head and neck mucosal melanoma is a locally aggressive tumor with a high recurrence rate. The paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity are the most common primary tumor sites. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to identify independent predictors of outcome in sinonasal mucosal melanoma (SNMM) and characterize the patterns of treatment failure. METHODS: This study included 198 patients with SNMM who had been treated at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center from 1 January 1991 through 31 December 2016...
April 6, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581595/elevated-dna-methylation-in-malignant-tumors-of-the-sinonasal-tract-and-its-association-with-patient-survival
#4
Marcela Chmelarova, Jan Laco, Helena Kovarikova, Ivana Baranova, Pavel Dundr, Kristyna Nemejcova, Jaroslav Michalek, Milan Vosmik, Vladimir Palicka
BACKGROUND: Epigenetic modifications have been recognized as an important mechanism underlying carcinoma progression. DNA methylation plays an important role in cancer biology and represents potentially heritable changes in gene expression that do not involve DNA sequence. The aim of this study was to investigate promoter methylation of selected genes in sinonasal carcinoma by comparison with noncancerous sinonasal tissue. METHODS: To search for epigenetic events (methylation in 25 tumor suppressor genes) we used MS-MLPA (Methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification) to compare methylation status of 59 formalin fixed, paraffin embedded tissue samples of sinonasal carcinomas with 18 control samples...
March 27, 2018: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578367/incidence-and-survival-in-sinonasal-carcinoma-a-danish-population-based-nationwide-study-from-1980-to-2014
#5
Sannia Sjöstedt, David Hebbelstrup Jensen, Kathrine Kronberg Jakobsen, Christian Grønhøj, Charlotte Geneser, Kirstine Karnov, Lena Specht, Tina Klitmøller Agander, Christian von Buchwald
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal cancers are rare and comprise <1% of all malignancies. This study describes incidence and survival in sinonasal carcinomas in Denmark from 1980 to 2014. METHODS: All patients registered in the Danish Cancer Registry in the period were included. Age-adjusted incidence rate, average annual percentage change, and relative survival were calculated. Age-period-cohort models were constructed. RESULTS: 1,720 patients with sinonasal carcinoma (median age 67 years, 63% males) were identified...
March 26, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558248/patterns-of-migraine-disease-in-otolaryngology-a-cheer-network-study
#6
Kristine A Schulz, Elnaz Esmati, Frederick A Godley, Claude L Hill, Ashkan Monfared, Michael Teixido, Debara L Tucci, David L Witsell
Objective To evaluate the prevalence of migraine disease in an otolaryngologic cohort and migraine-related otologic and sinonasal symptoms in this population. Study Design Cross-sectional study utilizing the CHEER (Creating Healthcare Excellence through Education and Research) network for recruitment. Setting Patients were recruited in a cross-sectional and pragmatic manner in 14 CHEER sites between June 2015 and March 2017 (9 academic, 5 community based). Subjects and Methods Patients were included if they were aged ≥18 years and seen for any concern that was not head and neck cancer...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548524/clinical-features-of-nasal-and-sinonasal-inverted-papilloma-associated-with-malignancy
#7
Takuya Miyazaki, Yasuharu Haku, Akira Yoshizawa, Ken Iwanaga, Takashi Fujiwara, Masanobu Mizuta, Atsuhiro Yoshida, Shinichi Satou, Hisanobu Tamaki
OBJECTIVE: Nasal and sinonasal inverted papilloma (IP) are rare benign tumors and have the potential to exhibit malignancy in approximately 10% of cases. This study aimed to analyze the clinical features of IP associated with malignancy. Furthermore, we reviewed our therapeutic strategy and the clinical course of malignant IP. METHODS: Overall, 70 patients with IP at our institution were retrospectively analyzed from April 2006 to December 2015; of these, six (9%) had associated malignancy...
March 13, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547549/hpv-virus-transcriptional-status-assessment-in-a-case-of-sinonasal-carcinoma
#8
Gennaro Ilardi, Daniela Russo, Silvia Varricchio, Giovanni Salzano, Giovanni Dell'Aversana Orabona, Virginia Napolitano, Rosa Maria Di Crescenzo, Alessandra Borzillo, Francesco Martino, Francesco Merolla, Massimo Mascolo, Stefania Staibano
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) can play a causative role in the development of sinonasal tract malignancies. In fact, HPV may be the most significant causative agent implicated in sinonasal tumorigenesis and is implicated in as many as 21% of sinonasal carcinomas. To date, there are no definitive, reliable and cost-effective, diagnostic tests approved by the FDA for the unequivocal determination of HPV status in head and neck cancers. We followed an exhaustive algorithm to correctly test HPV infection, including a sequential approach with p16INK4a IHC, viral DNA genotyping and in situ hybridization for E6/E7 mRNA...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540567/sinonasal-adenocarcinoma-following-styrene-exposure-in-the-reinforced-plastics-industry
#9
Mette Schou Nissen, Zara Ann Stokholm, Mette Skovgaard Christensen, Vivi Schlünssen, Jesper Medom Vestergaard, Inge Brosbøl Iversen, Henrik Albert Kolstad
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal adenocarcinoma is a rare disease expected to have rare causes and potential for strong risk factors as reflected by the strong association with occupational wood dust exposure. High level styrene exposure is a rare and suspected carcinogen, and this study examines the exposure-response relation between occupational styrene exposure, sinonasal adenocarcinoma and other subtypes. METHODS: We followed 73 092 styrene-exposed workers from 1968 to 2011 and identified sinonasal cancers in the Danish Cancer Registry...
March 14, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404235/developmental-considerations-in-pediatric-skull-base-surgery
#10
REVIEW
Melissa A LoPresti, Jonathan N Sellin, Franco DeMonte
Objectives  To review developmental surgical anatomy and technical nuances related to pediatric skull base surgery. Design  Retrospective, single-center case series with literature review. Setting  MD Anderson Cancer Center. Participants  Patients undergoing pediatric skull base surgery. Main Outcome Measures  Review developmental anatomy of the pediatric skull base as it relates to technical nuance of various surgical approaches and insight gained from a 25-year institutional experience with this unique patient population...
February 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384975/different-characteristics-of-a-single-sinonasal-inverted-papilloma-from-sequential-pet-ct-a-case-report
#11
Jong Seung Kim, Sam Hyun Kwon
RATIONALE: Inverted papilloma (IP) is a benign tumor that should be monitored carefully because it frequently recurs and has the potential to become malignant. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 59-year-old woman who presented with a mass which had been found incidentally on positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET CT). DIAGNOSES: Using endoscopy and CT, the preoperative diagnosis was inverted papilloma. PET CT showed a mass with hot uptake in the left ethmoid and frontal sinus (maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) = 7...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381260/risk-of-second-primary-malignancy-in-patients-with-sinonasal-tumors-a-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Ashwin Ganti, Max A Plitt, Edward C Kuan, Hannah N Kuhar, Pete S Batra, Bobby A Tajudeen
BACKGROUND: The 5-year overall survival rate for patients with sinonasal cancers has remained around 50% for the last 3 decades. Prior studies on head and neck cancers have suggested that 1 reason for poor survival is the frequent development of second primary malignancies (SPMs). The purpose of this study is to assess overall and site-specific risks of SPM following treatment of sinonasal malignancy. METHODS: A retrospective, population-based cohort study was performed on 2614 patients in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database who were diagnosed with primary sinonasal malignancy between 1973 and 2014...
January 30, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356178/programmed-death-ligand-1-expression-as-immunotherapeutic-target-in-sinonasal-cancer
#13
Cristina Riobello, Blanca Vivanco, Sara Reda, Alejandro López-Hernández, Cristina García-Inclán, Sira Potes-Ares, Virginia N Cabal, Fernando López, José Luis Llorente, Mario A Hermsen
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal cancer carries a poor prognosis, especially in recurrent stages, and it is a disease with very limited treatment options. METHODS: The expression of programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) as a marker for immunotherapy was evaluated in 53 sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and 126 intestinal-type adenocarcinoma (ITAC) samples. Results were correlated to clinicopathological characteristics and follow-up data. RESULTS: Membranous PD-L1 staining of tumor cells was observed in 34% (18/53) of the sinonasal SCC samples and in 17% (22/126) of the ITAC samples...
April 2018: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341337/endoscopic-endonasal-approach-for-sinonasal-and-anterior-skull-base-malignancies-in-the-elderly
#14
Davide Lepera, Federico Leone, Luca Volpi, Maurizio Bignami, Apostolos Karligkiotis, Alessia Lambertoni, Andrea Pistochini, Remo Accorona, Piero Nicolai, Paolo Castelnuovo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to report the outcomes of endoscopic transnasal resection for sinonasal and anterior skull-base cancers in elderly patients. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed. The patients were divided into 2 groups, <70 years old and ≥70 years old and compared by univariate analysis. Prognostic factors were evaluated with a multivariate analysis. Survival rates were also calculated. RESULTS: Two hundred three elderly patients and 397 younger patients were enrolled in this study...
January 17, 2018: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240044/sinonasal-cancer-in-a-worker-exposed-to-chromium-in-an-unusual-industrial-sector
#15
Vera Comiati, Maria Luisa Scapellato, Enrico Alexandre, Tiziana Volo, Daniele Borsetto, Mariella Carrieri, Enzo Emanuelli, Diego Cazzador
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to chromium is carcinogenic for human respiratory system. Due to the low incidence of sinonasal malignancies, there is still a paucity of evidence to confirm that chromium(VI) exposure is a cause of nasal cancer. OBJECTIVES: To report on a sinonasal cancer (SNC) of rare occupational origin, increasing the awareness on epidemiological knowledge of occupational exposures to chromium compounds. METHODS: We describe a case of a 64-year-old chrome plater who worked in the galvanic industry in the early 1970s...
December 14, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210531/comparison-of-endoscopic-and-open-resection-of-sinonasal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis-of-652-patients
#16
Suat Kılıç, Sarah S Kılıç, Soly Baredes, Richard Chan Woo Park, Omar Mahmoud, Jeffrey D Suh, Stacey T Gray, Jean Anderson Eloy
BACKGROUND: The use of endoscopic resection as an alternative to open surgery for sinonasal malignancies has increased in the past 20 years. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried for cases of sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma (SNSCC) without cervical or distant metastases that were treated surgically between 2010 and 2014. They were split into 2 groups based on surgical approach: open or endoscopic. Demographics, facility and insurance type, stage, tumor characteristics, postoperative treatment, 30-day readmission rate, 30- and 90-day mortality, and overall survival (OS) were compared between the 2 groups...
March 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193098/factors-associated-with-a-primary-surgical-approach-for-sinonasal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#17
Jennifer R Cracchiolo, Krupa Patel, Jocelyn C Migliacci, Luc T Morris, Ian Ganly, Benjamin R Roman, Sean M McBride, Viviane S Tabar, Marc A Cohen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Primary surgery is the preferred treatment of T1-T4a sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma (SNSCC). METHODS: Patients with SNSCC in the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) were analyzed. Factors that contributed to selecting primary surgical treatment were examined. Overall survival (OS) in surgical patients was analyzed. RESULTS: Four-thousand seven hundred and seventy patients with SNSCC were included. In T1-T4a tumors, lymph node metastases, maxillary sinus location, and treatment at high-volume centers were associated with selecting primary surgery...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142805/role-of-adjuvant-treatment-in-sinonasal-mucosal-melanoma
#18
Moran Amit, Samantha Tam, Ahmed S Abdelmeguid, Michael E Kupferman, Shirley Y Su, Shaan M Raza, Franco DeMonte, Ehab Y Hanna
Purpose  Sinonasal mucosal melanoma (SNMM) is a locally aggressive tumor. This study aimed to define the role of adjuvant treatment and its association with survival outcomes of SNMM. Methods  This retrospective study investigated 152 patients with SNMM treated between 1991 and 2016 in MD Anderson Cancer Center. Patients were divided into the following treatment groups: surgery alone, surgery with postoperative radiotherapy (PORT), surgery with postoperative chemoradiation (POCRT), and induction chemotherapy followed by surgery and PORT...
December 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114957/sinonasal-cancer-in-the-italian-national-surveillance-system-epidemiology-occupation-and-public-health-implications
#19
Alessandra Binazzi, Marisa Corfiati, Davide Di Marzio, Anna M Cacciatore, Jana Zajacovà, Carolina Mensi, Paolo Galli, Lucia Miligi, Roberto Calisti, Elisa Romeo, Alessandro Franchi, Alessandro Marinaccio
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal cancer (SNC) is a rare tumor with predominant occupational etiology associated with exposures to specific carcinogens. The aim of this study is to describe SNC cases recorded in Italy in the period 2000-2016. METHODS: Clinical information, occupational history, and lifestyle habits of SNC cases collected in the Italian Sinonasal Cancer Register were examined. Age-standardized rates were estimated. RESULTS: Overall, 1529 cases were recorded...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104720/dasatinib-induced-seborrheic-dermatitis-like-eruption
#20
Ryan R Riahi, Philip R Cohen
Dasatinib is an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved for imatinib-resistant chronic myelogenous leukemia. It has been investigated in treating other neoplasms, including non-small-cell lung cancer and a subset of melanomas. Seborrheic dermatitis is characterized by erythematous patches or plaques with scaling typically affecting the external ear, glabella, hair-bearing areas of the face, nasolabial fold, and scalp. Antitumor agents are often associated with mucocutaneous side effects, including seborrheic dermatitis...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
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