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sinonasal cancer

Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva, Aman Sharma, Surjit Singh, Subhash Varma
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: There is scarcity of data on the frequency of malignancies in HIV infected individuals from India. The objective of this study was to determine the type and frequency of malignancies in HIV infected individuals attending a tertiary care hospital in north India. METHODS: The study design included retrospective analysis of data of all HIV infected individuals registered in the Immunodeficiency clinic from December 2009 to December 2011 and a prospective analysis of HIV infected individuals registered from January 2012 to April 2013...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Markku Pavela, Jukka Uitti, Eero Pukkala
BACKGROUND: Among workers employed at a nickel refinery in Harjavalta, Finland an increased risk of lung and sinus cancer has been demonstrated in two previous studies. The current study adds 16 more years of follow-up to these studies. METHODS: A total of 1,115 persons exposed to nickel and 194 non-exposed workers in the Harjavalta nickel smelter and refinery were followed up for cancer from 1967 to 2011 through the Finnish Cancer Registry. RESULTS: The total number of cancer cases in men was 251 (Standardized incidence ratio (SIR) 1...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Bum Soo Kim, Kyoungjune Pak, Keun-Ik Yi, In Joo Kim, Hwan-Jung Roh, Kyu-Sup Cho
The objective of this study was to investigate the value of parameters assessed with F18-FDG PET/CT in predicting recurrence-free survival (RFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) in patients with cancer of nasal cavity and paranasal sinus. Thirty-eight patients with cancer of nasal cavity (n = 14) and paranasal sinus (n = 24) who underwent PET/CT prior to curative treatment were enrolled. A volume of interest was placed on PET/CT images covering the entire tumor volume, and the maximum SUV (SUVmax), the mean SUV (SUVmean), and volumetric parameters of metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were measured using thresholds of 40 % of SUVmax...
October 17, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Gaber Plavc, Jasna But-Hadžić, Aleksandar Aničin, Boštjan Lanišnik, Vojislav Didanović, Primož Strojan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the incidence and to review experience with the treatment of mucosal melanoma of the head and neck (MMHN) in Slovenia between 1985 and 2013. METHODS: The National Cancer Registry database and clinical records with outcome data of identified patients treated during the period 1985-2013 in Slovenia were reviewed. RESULTS: In a 29-year period, 61 patients with MMHN were identified, representing 0.5 % of all head and neck malignant tumors and 42 % of all mucosal melanomas in Slovenia...
October 14, 2016: Radiation Oncology
Mohemmed N Khan, Neeraja Konuthula, Arjun Parasher, Eric M Genden, Brett A Miles, Satish Govindaraj, Alfred M Iloreta
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC) is a rare, aggressive malignancy of unknown etiology with a poor overall prognosis. Its relative rarity has made it difficult to determine the impact of different treatment modalities on survival. METHODS: Retrospective study of cases in the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB). NCDB cases that were diagnosed as having SNUC between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2013 were included in the analysis. Outcomes of patients treated with surgery followed adjuvant chemoradiotherapy were compared with definitive chemoradiotherapy...
October 7, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Seok Jin Kim, Jun Sik Hong, Myung Hee Chang, Jeong-A Kim, Jae-Yong Kwak, Jin Seok Kim, Dok Hyun Yoon, Won Sik Lee, Young Rok Do, Hye Jin Kang, Hyeon-Seok Eom, Yong Park, Jong-Ho Won, Yeung-Chul Mun, Hyo Jung Kim, Jung Hye Kwon, Jee Hyun Kong, Sung Yong Oh, Sunah Lee, Sung Hwa Bae, Deok-Hwan Yang, Hyun Jung Jun, Yang Soo Kim, Hwan Jung Yun, Soon Il Lee, Min Kyoung Kim, Eun Kyung Park, Won Seog Kim, Cheolwon Suh
Central nervous system involvement remains a challenging issue in the treatment of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. We conducted a prospective cohort study with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients receiving rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone to identify incidence and risk factors for central nervous system involvement. Among 595 patients, 279 patients received pre-treatment central nervous system evaluation, and 14 patients had central nervous system involvement at diagnosis (2...
October 4, 2016: Oncotarget
Phoebe Kuo, R Peter Manes, Zachary G Schwam, Benjamin L Judson
OBJECTIVE: Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma is a rare and aggressive malignancy of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Multi-institutional studies examining outcomes of combined modality treatment versus other treatment modalities have not been performed. The objective of our study was to present outcomes for multimodality therapy through use of the National Cancer Database. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: National Cancer Database...
October 4, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Stina Syrjänen, Jaana Rautava, Kari Syrjänen
The interesting history of papillomavirus (PV) research has been reviewed before. The history of human papillomavirus (HPV) in head and neck region starts in 1901 when the contagious transmission of warty lesions into the mouth via oral sex was described, although the confirmation of their viral etiology had to wait until 1907. Ullman was the first to associate the human wart virus with laryngeal warts. Parsons and Kidd described the natural history of oral PV infections in rabbits already in 1942, but these findings were corroborated in humans only recently...
2017: Recent Results in Cancer Research
S M Dieter, C Heining, A Agaimy, D Huebschmann, D Bonekamp, B Hutter, K R Ehrenberg, M Fröhlich, M Schlesner, C Scholl, H-P Schlemmer, S Wolf, A Mavratzas, C S Jung, S Gröschel, C V Kalle, R Eils, B Brors, R Penzel, M Kriegsmann, D E Reuss, P Schirmacher, A Stenzinger, P A Federspil, W Weichert, H Glimm, S Fröhling
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal carcinomas (SNCs) comprise various rare tumor types that are characterized by marked histologic diversity and largely unknown molecular profiles, yet share an overall poor prognosis owing to an aggressive clinical course and frequent late-stage diagnosis. The lack of effective systemic therapies for locally advanced or metastatic SNC poses a major challenge to therapeutic decision making for individual patients. We here aimed to identify actionable genetic alterations in a patient with metastatic SNC whose tumor, despite all diagnostic efforts, could not be assigned to any known SNC category and was refractory to multimodal therapy...
September 29, 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Giovanni Salzano, Mario Turri-Zanoni, Apostolos Karligkiotis, Jacopo Zocchi, Giovanni Dell'Aversana Orabona, Luigi Califano, Paolo Battaglia, Paolo Castelnuovo
BACKGROUND: The infraorbital nerve (ION) is a terminal branch of the maxillary nerve (V2) providing sensory innervation to the malar skin. It is sometimes necessary to sacrifice the ION and its branches to obtain adequate maxillary sinus exposure for radical resection of sinonasal tumors. Consequently, patients suffer temporary or permanent paresthesia, hypoestesthia, and neuralgia of the face. We describe an innovative technique used for preservation of the ION while removing the anterior, superior, and lateral walls of the maxillary sinus through a medial endoscopic transnasal maxillectomy...
September 28, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Matteo Bonzini, Nadia Facchinetti, Laura Zanetta, Davide Parassoni, Rossana Borchini, Paolo Battaglia, Mario Turri-Zanoni, Paolo Castelnuovo, Marco Mario Ferrario
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal cancers are rare, often fatal, tumors with a very high proportion of cases attributable to occupational exposures. The relevance of different carcinogens deeply varies among histological subtypes, with intestinal type adenocarcinomas (ITAC) characterized by a very large proportion of workers exposed to wood dust. The role of occupation in the etiology of other histotypes is less clear and more disputed, with authors questioning the possible occupational origin of non-ITAC cancers...
2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
Pierre Blanchard, Andrew J Wong, G Brandon Gunn, Adam S Garden, Abdallah S R Mohamed, David I Rosenthal, Joseph Crutison, Richard Wu, Xiaodong Zhang, X Ronald Zhu, Radhe Mohan, Mayankkumar V Amin, C David Fuller, Steven J Frank
OBJECTIVE: To externally validate head and neck cancer (HNC) photon-derived normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) models in patients treated with proton beam therapy (PBT). METHODS: This prospective cohort consisted of HNC patients treated with PBT at a single institution. NTCP models were selected based on the availability of data for validation and evaluated by using the leave-one-out cross-validated area under the curve (AUC) for the receiver operating characteristics curve...
September 15, 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Neeraja Konuthula, Mohemmed N Khan, Arjun Parasher, Anthony Del Signore, Eric M Genden, Satish Govindaraj, Alfred M Iloreta
BACKGROUND: Most data on sinonasal mucosal melanoma come from small institutional studies, and therefore optimal treatment methods are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between treatment and survival in sinonasal mucosal melanoma. METHODS: Six hundred ninety-five patients diagnosed with sinonasal mucosal melanoma between 2004 and 2010 were identified from the National Cancer Data Base. Treatment modalities and overall survival rates were determined...
September 14, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Mark J Amsbaugh, Mehran Yusuf, Craig Silverman, Jeffrey Bumpous, Cesar A Perez, Keven Potts, Paul Tennant, Rebecca Redman, Neal Dunlap
PURPOSE: We sought to determine if organ preservation (OP) with neoadjuvant chemoradiation (CRT) was feasible in patients with sinonasal cancer determined to require exenteration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients were determined to require exenteration for definitive treatment from 2005 to 2014. Fourteen patients underwent OP and 6 patients received exenteration with adjuvant CRT. Exenteration free survival (EFS), locoregional control (LRC), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were estimated...
September 2016: Radiation Oncology Journal
Yu Yu Thar, Poras Patel, Tiangui Huang, Elizabeth Guevara
Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SNEC) is a rare form of malignancy. It mainly presents as bronchogenic neoplasm, and the extrapulmonary form accounts for only 0.1% to 0.4% of all cancers. These extrapulmonary tumors have been described most frequently in the urinary bladder, prostate, esophagus, stomach, colon and rectum, gall bladder, head and neck, cervix, and skin. Primary SNEC of the sinonasal tract is extremely rare with only less than 100 cases reported in the literature. Because of extreme rarity and aggressiveness of the tumor, the management for this entity varies considerably mandating multimodality approach...
2016: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
M Chmelařová, I Sirák, M Mžik, K Sieglová, H Vošmiková, P Dundr, K Němejcová, J Michálek, M Vošmik, V Palička, J Laco
Epigenetic changes are considered to be a frequent event during tumour development. Hypermethylation of promoter CpG islands represents an alternative mechanism for inactivation of tumour suppressor genes, DNA repair genes, cell cycle regulators and transcription factors. The aim of this study was to investigate promoter methylation of specific genes in samples of sinonasal carcinoma by comparison with normal sinonasal tissue. To search for epigenetic events we used methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MS-MLPA) to compare the methylation status of 64 tissue samples of sinonasal carcinomas with 19 control samples...
2016: Folia Biologica (Praha)
J-C Letievant, M Poupart, A Ambrun, C Colin, J-C Pignat
OBJECTIVES: Mucosal melanoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is a rare and highly aggressive tumor. We report our experience over 20 years in management of this tumor. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study included 14 patients with primary sinonasal mucosal melanoma. RESULTS: The series comprised 8 male and 6 female patients, with a median age at diagnosis of 67 years. Staging on the American Joint Committee on Cancer classification of sinus cancer was 14% T2, 22% T3, 75% T4a and 7% T4b...
August 5, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
K Thomas Robbins, Carol R Bradford, Juan P Rodrigo, Carlos Suárez, Remco de Bree, Luiz P Kowalski, Alessandra Rinaldo, Carl E Silver, Valerie J Lund, Ken-Ichi Nibu, Alfio Ferlito
Importance: The surgical dictum of en bloc resection without violating cancer tissue has been challenged by novel treatments in head and neck cancer. Observations: An analysis of treatment outcomes involving piecemeal removal of sinonasal, laryngeal, oropharyngeal, and hypopharyngeal cancer shows that it did not compromise tumor control. The rationale for the evolution toward use of this technique is outlined. Conclusions and Relevance: While complete resection with clear margins remains a key end point in surgical oncology, we believe it is time to acknowledge that this time-honored dictum of avoiding tumor violation is no longer valid in selected situations...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Y Song Cheng, Benjamin S Bleier
Permeability glycoprotein (P-gp) is an active efflux membrane transporter that has been researched extensively due to its ability to confer multidrug resistance in a wide range of cancers. P-gp has an impressively broad substrate specificity and is known to interact with hundreds of compounds, including drugs and toxins. This substrate promiscuity is the key to its physiological role, and P-gp is thought to be responsible for extruding xenobiotics and cellular metabolites, as well as maintaining tissue barriers at the blood-brain interface and gastrointestinal epithelium...
2016: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
Enzo Emanuelli, Enrico Alexandre, Diego Cazzador, Vera Comiati, Tiziana Volo, Alessia Zanon, Maria Luisa Scapellato, Mariella Carrieri, Alessandro Martini, Giuseppe Mastrangelo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sinonasal cancers (SNCs) are rare neoplasms, accounting for about 3 % of head and neck cancers, with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma (ADC) as the most common subtypes. ADCs present strong associations with occupational wood dust exposure. Preventive measures have progressively reduced wood dust concentrations in workplaces but no study has evaluated the effectiveness of such interventions. Few studies indicate associations between ADC and exposure to solvents, which is common in the shoe industry, but this hypothesis still needs confirmation...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
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