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sinonasal cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049462/association-of-surgical-approach-and-margin-status-with-oncologic-outcomes-following-gross-total-resection-for-sinonasal-melanoma
#1
Zafar Sayed, Jocelyn C Migliacci, Jennifer R Cracchiolo, Christopher A Barker, Nancy Y Lee, Sean M McBride, Viviane S Tabar, Ian Ganly, Snehal G Patel, Luc T Morris, Benjamin R Roman, Alexander N Shoushtari, Marc A Cohen
Importance: Sinonasal mucosal melanoma (SMM) is a rare malignant neoplasm characterized by a poor prognosis despite aggressive intervention including wide surgical resection. Margin status has previously been cited as an important prognostic factor for local control and overall survival (OS) in patients who undergo either an open or endoscopic surgical approach. No comparisons have been made, however, in patients who have undergone gross total resection with or without positive margins...
October 19, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044881/local-control-in-sinonasal-malignant-melanoma-comparing-conventional-to-hypofractionated-radiotherapy
#2
Jules Lansu, Willem Martin Klop, Wilma Heemsbergen, Arash Navran, Abrahim Al-Mamgani, Johannes A Langendijk, Johannes H Kaanders, Chris Terhaard, Baris Karakullukcu, Olga Hamming-Vrieze
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of fractionation schedule on local control in postoperative radiotherapy (RT) for sinonasal malignant melanoma. METHODS: Sixty-three patients who were treated with surgery and postoperative RT in 4 accredited head and neck cancer centers in the Netherlands between 1998 and 2013 were retrospectively studied. Outcomes with conventional fractionation (2-2.4 Gy per fraction; n = 27) were compared to hypofractionation (4-6 Gy per fraction; n = 36)...
October 16, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044491/approaches-to-regional-lymph-node-metastasis-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-mucosal-melanoma
#3
Moran Amit, Samantha Tam, Ahmed S Abdelmeguid, Dianna B Roberts, Shaan M Raza, Shirley Y Su, Michael E Kupferman, Franco DeMonte, Ehab Y Hanna
BACKGROUND: Mucosal melanomas in the head and neck region are most often located in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. To the authors' knowledge, the prognostic effects of lymph node metastasis in patients with sinonasal mucosal melanoma (SNMM) have not been established. Therefore, the objective of the current study was to determine the effects of lymph node metastasis on survival. METHODS: The current study included 198 patients with SNMM who had been treated between 1985 and 2016 at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston...
October 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040365/role-of-the-akt-mtor-signaling-pathway-in-human-papillomavirus-associated-nasal-and-sinonasal-inverted-papilloma
#4
Yongliang Liu, Lihua Duan, Jie Tian, Daoliang Song, Min Zhang, Shenlin Zhao, Zhaofu Yin, Xinxin Xiang, Xuezhong Li
Nasal and sinonasal inverted papilloma (NSIP) is a benign tumor in which surface epithelial cells grow downward into the underlying supportive tissue with varying degrees of metaplasia. Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been proposed as the causal agent in the pathogenesis of this disease. Many studies have shown that HPV can activate the Akt/mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway, but the role of this pathway in HPV-associated NSIP is largely unknown. In this study, we enrolled 40 control tissue samples and 80 NSIP tissue samples...
October 13, 2017: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034666/-respiratory-cancers-attributable-to-occupational-exposures-what-is-the-cost-to-society-in-france
#5
Hassan Serrier, Hélène Sultan-Taïeb, Danièle Luce, Sophie Béjean
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the social cost of respiratory cancers attributable to occupational risk factors in France in 2010. METHODS: We estimated the number of cases of respiratory cancers attributable to each identified occupational risk factor according to the attributable fractions method. We also estimated direct (costs of hospital stays, drugs, outpatient care) and indirect costs (production losses) related to morbidity (absenteeism and presenteeism) and mortality (years of lost production)...
October 2, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988705/implementing-head-and-neck-contouring-peer-review-without-pathway-delay-the-on-demand-approach
#6
C Fong, P Sanghera, J Good, P Nightingale, A Hartley
AIMS: Peer review of contour volume is a priority in the radiotherapy treatment quality assurance process for head and neck cancer. It is essential that incorporation of peer review activity does not introduce additional delays. An on-demand peer review process was piloted to assess the feasibility and efficiency of this approach, as compared with a historic scheduled weekly approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between November 2016 and April 2017 four head and neck clinicians in one centre took part in an on-demand peer review process...
October 5, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960576/deregulation-of-selected-micrornas-in-sinonasal-carcinoma-value-of-mir-21-as-prognostic-biomarker-in-sinonasal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#7
Helena Kovarikova, Ivana Bubancova, Jan Laco, Katerina Sieglova, Hana Vosmikova, Milan Vosmik, Pavel Dundr, Kristyna Nemejcova, Jaroslav Michalek, Vladimir Palicka, Marcela Chmelarova
BACKGROUND: Tumors occurring in the sinonasal area are characterized by unfavorable outcome due to difficult diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of the disease corresponding with the anatomic complexity of the area. METHODS: We used quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to compare relative expression of miR-21, miR-141, and miR-200c in 70 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples of sinonasal carcinoma tissue (majority of squamous cell carcinoma [SCC] samples) with 17 control samples of sinonasal tissue...
September 28, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877859/adjuvant-radiation-and-survival-following-surgical-resection-of-sinonasal-melanoma
#8
Gaurav S Ajmani, Erik Liederbach, Alex Kyrillos, Chi-Hsiung Wang, Jayant M Pinto, Mihir K Bhayani
BACKGROUND: Surgery remains the mainstay of treatment for sinonasal melanoma, but it is often difficult to obtain clear, negative margins. Therefore, patients often receive adjuvant radiation therapy (RT), however its impact on overall survival (OS) is not well understood. METHODS: Patients with surgically resected sinonasal melanoma were identified from the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB, n=696). Kaplan-Meier curves and parametric survival regression were used to analyze the impact of adjuvant RT on OS from surgery...
August 30, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871554/the-impact-of-histologic-phenotype-in-the-treatment-of-sinonasal-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Fernando López, Valerie J Lund, Carlos Suárez, Carl H Snyderman, Nabil F Saba, K Thomas Robbins, Vincent Vander Poorten, Primož Strojan, William M Mendenhall, Alessandra Rinaldo, Alfio Ferlito
The management of sinonasal cancer is a challenge due to its low occurrence and anatomical and significant diversity of histological types. The therapeutic modality used should be tailored individually according to the histology, tumour stage, molecular profile and previous treatments. The clinical management of sinonasal cancer has improved greatly owing to developments in endoscopic surgery and precision radiotherapy. Complete surgical resection is the mainstay of sinonasal malignancies' management but multimodality therapy is associated with improved outcomes in certain histologies...
September 4, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869195/-proton-therapy-for-head-and-neck-cancers
#10
REVIEW
P Blanchard, S J Frank
The absence of exit dose and the sharp lateral penumbra are key assets for proton therapy, which are responsible for its dosimetric superiority over advanced photon radiotherapy. Dosimetric comparisons have consistently shown a reduction of the integral dose and the dose to organs at risk favouring intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT) over intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). The structures that benefit the most of these dosimetric improvements in head and neck cancers are the anterior oral cavity, the posterior fossa, the visual apparatus and swallowing structures...
October 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869103/clinical-manifestations-and-stk11-germline-mutations-in-taiwanese-patients-with-peutz-jeghers-syndrome
#11
Jy-Ming Chiang, Tse-Ching Chen
BACKGROUNDS: Clinical manifestations and molecular basis of Taiwanese patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) were investigated to add the knowledge of phenotype and genotype of the disease. METHODS: Based on the Pathology Data Bank and the Colorectal Cancer Register, we collected their clinical data. The entire coding sequence of the STK11 gene was amplified and analyzed by sequencing using the genomic DNA. RESULTS: Fifteen patients diagnosed with PJS from 11 unrelated families were collected until 2015...
August 28, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859706/outcomes-of-sinonasal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-and-without-association-of-inverted-papilloma-a-multi-institutional-analysis
#12
Brian C Lobo, Brian D'Anza, Janice L Farlow, Dennis Tang, Troy D Woodard, Jonathan Y Ting, Raj Sindwani
INTRODUCTION: Sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) accounts for <1% of all malignancies but represents 70% of sinonasal cancer. Up to 10% of SCCs are associated with inverted papilloma (IPSCC). Studies that compare patients, treatment, and outcomes of SCC and IPSCC are absent in the literature. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with SCC and those with IPSCC at Cleveland Clinic and Indiana University from 1995 to 2015. The records were analyzed for demographics, tumor characteristics, treatment, and outcomes...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859244/significance-of-human-papillomavirus-positivity-in-sinonasal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#13
Suat Kılıç, Sarah S Kılıç, Emilie S Kim, Soly Baredes, Omar Mahmoud, Stacey T Gray, Jean Anderson Eloy
BACKGROUND: The role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma (SNSCC) is not well understood. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried for cases of SNSCC with known HPV status. Demographics, socioeconomic variables, TNM stage, histology, grade, treatment modalities, and overall survival (OS) through 5 years were compared between HPV-positive and HPV-negative tumors. Cox proportional hazard regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: Seven hundred seventy (770) cases were identified; 526 were HPV-negative (68...
October 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815617/disparities-in-sinonasal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-short-and-long-term-outcomes-analysis-from-the-national-cancer-database
#14
Ryan M Carey, Arjun K Parasher, Alan D Workman, Carol H Yan, Jordan T Glicksman, Jinbo Chen, James N Palmer, Nithin D Adappa, Jason G Newman, Jason A Brant
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To examine sociodemographic, hospital-specific, and disease-related characteristics in relation to outcomes in sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). STUDY DESIGN: The National Cancer Database was queried for location codes corresponding to the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses and histology codes representing SCC malignancy. Multivariate analyses were performed against short- and long-term outcomes (overall survival, days to discharge, 30-day readmission, and 30- and 90-day mortality)...
August 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775129/comprehensive-molecular-profiling-of-olfactory-neuroblastoma-identifies-potentially-targetable-fgfr3-amplifications
#15
Lorena Lazo de la Vega, Jonathan B McHugh, Andi K Cani, Komal Kunder, Frances M Walocko, Chia-Jen Liu, Daniel H Hovelson, Dan R Robinson, Arul M Chinnaiyan, Scott A Tomlins, Paul W Harms
Olfactory neuroblastomas (ONBs), also known as esthesioneuroblastomas, are malignant round-cell tumors that represent up to 5% of sinonasal malignancies. Despite their aggressive course, molecular studies of ONBs have been limited, and targeted therapies are lacking. To identify potential oncogenic drivers and targetable pathways in ONBs, we characterized 20 ONBs, including archived ONBs profiled by targeted, multiplexed PCR (mxPCR) based DNA next generation sequencing (NGS) of the coding sequence of over 400 cancer-relevant genes (n=16), mxPCR based RNA NGS of 108 target genes (n=15), and two ONBs profiled by comprehensive hybrid-capture based clinical grade NGS of >1,500 genes...
August 3, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749194/results-of-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-for-patients-with-advanced-cancer-of-the-nasal-cavity-and-paranasal-sinuses
#16
Erik Fernström, Jan Nyman, Eva Hammerlid, Erik Holmberg, Hedda Haugen-Cange, Karin Petruson, Edvard Abel, Thomas Björk-Eriksson
OBJECTIVES: Curative treatment of nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer is challenging due to the proximity to critical anatomical structures. The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of trimodality therapy with preoperative chemotherapy and reduced-dose radiotherapy followed by organ-preserving surgery for treating patients with nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer. METHODS: This retrospective study included all 156 patients diagnosed with sinonasal cancer in western Sweden between 1986 and 2009...
December 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725522/pathogenetic-analysis-of-sinonasal-teratocarcinosarcomas-reveal-actionable-%C3%AE-catenin-overexpression-and-a-%C3%AE-catenin-mutation
#17
Andrew C Birkeland, Sarah J Burgin, Megan Yanik, Megan V Scott, Carol R Bradford, Jonathan B McHugh, Scott A McLean, Stephen E Sullivan, Jacques E Nor, Erin L McKean, J Chad Brenner
Objective  Sinonasal teratocarcinosarcomas are rare, aggressive tumors of the skull base. Treatment options are limited and outcomes are poor. Little is known in regard to the genetic factors regulating these tumors. Characterization of actionable molecular alterations in these tumors could provide potentially successful therapeutic options. Methods  We performed targeted exome sequencing on an index sinonasal teratocarcinosarcoma specimen to identify potential driver mutations. We performed immunohistochemical stains for β-catenin on paraffin-embedded tissue on the index tumor and a subsequent teratocarcinosarcoma...
August 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693263/role-of-microrna-296-3p-in-the-malignant-transformation-of-sinonasal-inverted-papilloma
#18
Tomohiko Kakizaki, Hiromitsu Hatakeyama, Yuji Nakamaru, Dai Takagi, Takatsugu Mizumachi, Tomohiro Sakashita, Satoshi Kano, Akihiro Homma, Satoshi Fukuda
Inverted papilloma (IP) is a benign tumor occurring in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. It is reported that 5-15% of IPs undergo malignant transformation into squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and the role of microRNAs (miRNA/miR) in this process remains to be elucidated. In the present study, whole miRNA profiles using samples of IP and SCC were investigated, in order to detect the function of miRNA in the carcinogenesis of IP. Samples from IPs (n=5) and SCC lesions (n=5), which arose from IPs, were used for miRNA analysis...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669309/outcomes-in-adult-sinonasal-rhabdomyosarcoma
#19
Katelyn Stepan, Neeraja Konuthula, Mohemmed Khan, Arjun Parasher, Anthony Del Signore, Satish Govindaraj, Eric Genden, Alfred Iloreta
Objective To describe patient demographics, histology, treatment modalities, and survival associated with adult sinonasal rhabdomyosarcoma. Study Design Retrospective review of a national database. Setting Tertiary medical center. Subjects and Methods Patient demographics, tumor histology, treatment modalities, and survival trends were examined for patients aged ≥18 years who were diagnosed with sinonasal rhabdomyosarcoma between 2004 and 2013 with the National Cancer Database. Kaplan-Meier analysis and the log-rank tests were performed to determine the unadjusted association between overall survival and various patient and disease characteristics...
July 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646364/sinonasal-malignancies-incidence-and-histological-distribution-in-jamaica-1973-2007
#20
Tracey N Gibson, Dawn P McNaughton, Barrie Hanchard
PURPOSE: To determine the histological distribution and trends in incidence of sinonasal malignancies in Jamaica. METHODS: Cases of all sinonasal malignancies diagnosed between 1973 and 2007 were extracted from the archives of the Jamaica Cancer Registry. Data recorded for each case included age at diagnosis, sex, year of diagnosis, topography, and histology. Data were used to calculate frequencies, age-specific incidence rates, and age-standardized incidence rates (ASRs)...
June 23, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
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