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Hip scope

Rahul Tyagi, Marcin R Zgoda, Rachel Short
National Health Service Quality Improvement Scotland (NHS QIS) published a health technology scoping report in 2006 acknowledging that there are serious concerns within Scotland in relation to Developmental Dysplasia of Hip (DDH) as there is no formal screening program in place and there are significant variations between NHS boards leading to confusion for staff and parents. NHS QIS identified need for audit work to improve hip screening in Scotland. The aim of this study is review of current practice of selective screening for DDH...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
Zaheed Damani, Gail MacKean, Eric Bohm, Brie DeMone, Brock Wright, Tom Noseworthy, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc, Deborah A Marshall
BACKGROUND: Policy dialogues are critical for developing responsive, effective, sustainable, evidence-informed policy. Our multidisciplinary team, including researchers, physicians and senior decision-makers, comprehensively evaluated The Winnipeg Central Intake Service, a single-entry model in Winnipeg, Manitoba, to improve patient access to hip/knee replacement surgery. We used the evaluation findings to develop five evidence-informed policy directions to help improve access to scheduled clinical services across Manitoba...
October 18, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
M C Koper, N M C Mathijssen, F Witt, M M Morlock, S B W Vehmeijer
BACKGROUND: Metal-on-Metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasties (THA) are associated with pseudotumor formation and high revision rates. This prospective study analysed the clinical and wear analyses of 9 large Metal-on-Metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasties (THA) to understand the underlying mechanisms of failure. The MoM bearings were revised for multiple reasons; the main reason was pseudotumor formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2006 till 2010 the Reinier de Graaf Hospital implanted 160 large head M2a-Magnum™ (Biomet Inc...
2016: PloS One
S Benjamin, D Warwick
INTRODUCTION Because of the high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR), guidelines are used widely to enhance effective (yet safe) prophylaxis. If patients develop VTEs despite use of such guidelines, then the reasons are that the guidelines were: (i) followed but the VTE occurred anyway; (ii) not implemented appropriately. All VTEs are assessed routinely by root-cause analysis (RCA). METHODS The records and subsequent RCA reports for each patient who experienced clinically significant VTE after THR or TKR were reviewed...
August 11, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
M D Wimmer, M M Ploeger, M J Friedrich, R Bornemann, P P Roessler, S Gravius, T M Randau
BACKGROUND: When deciding upon the best treatment strategy in revision arthroplasty, it is absolutely crucial to use the best possible preoperative detection whether a periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is present or not. New molecular markers investigated in serum samples and synovial fluid can help to improve the preoperative diagnosis. In 2001, a novel IL-6 lateral flow immunoassay testing device was introduced which has never been tested in synovial fluid so far. OBJECTIVE: For our study we investigated whether the test can be used safely, feasibly and time effectively with synovial fluid gathered from potentially infected THAs or TKAs and whether the already published cutoff for IL-6 in synovial fluid predicting a PJI can be reproduced using the QuickLine IL-6 immunoassay...
July 29, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Benjamin F Ricciardi, Stephanie W Mayer, Kara G Fields, Catherine Wentzel, Bryan T Kelly, Ernest L Sink
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic labral tears are common in patients with acetabular dysplasia; however, optimal treatment of the labrum remains controversial. PURPOSE: To present patient characteristics and early functional outcomes associated with combined arthroscopic labral refixation and Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) for symptomatic acetabular dysplasia with a displaced labral tear from the acetabular rim. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
July 14, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Gill Lewin, Karyn Concanen, David Youens
The Home Independence Program (HIP), an Australian restorative home care/reablement service for older adults, has been shown to be effective in reducing functional dependency and increasing functional mobility, confidence in everyday activities, and quality of life. These gains were found to translate into a reduced need for ongoing care services and reduced health and aged care costs over time. Despite these positive outcomes, few Australian home care agencies have adopted the service model - a key reason being that few Australian providers employ health professionals, who act as care managers under the HIP service model...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
T W Wainwright, T Immins, R G Middleton
Introduction Approximately 67,000 hip fractures occurred in England, Wales and Northern Ireland in 2014, and annual hospital costs for fracture are around £1.1 billion. We review the potential scope for improving length of stay (LOS). Methods Hospital Episode Statistics data on non-elective admissions to 137 hospital trusts between November 2013 and October 2015 with a primary diagnosis of fractured neck of femur were analysed. The primary outcome was superspell LOS, which is the total LOS for all related spells for a single patient during an episode of care...
September 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Leanne Sawle, Jennifer Freeman, Jonathan Marsden
CONTEXT: Athletic pelvic and groin injuries are a common yet challenging problem. Pelvic belts have been successfully used to reduce pain and improve function but are not a practical solution for athletes. Therefore, there is scope to explore the use of a more dynamic intervention developed to aid in the management of this type of injury. OBJECTIVES: To undertake a preliminary investigation into the effectiveness of a dynamic elastomeric fabric orthosis (DEFO) in supporting the management of athletic pelvic and groin injury...
May 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Anna Flego, Michelle M Dowsey, Peter F M Choong, Marj Moodie
BACKGROUND: Obesity is one of the only modifiable risk factors for both incidence and progression of Osteoarthritis (OA). So there is increasing interest from a public health perspective in addressing obesity in the management of OA. While evidence of the efficacy of intereventions designed to address obesity in OA populations continues to grow, little is known about their economic credentials. The aim of this study is to conduct a scoping review of: (i) the published economic evidence assessing the economic impact of obesity in OA populations; (ii) economic evaluations of interventions designed to explicitly address obesity in the prevention and management of OA in order to determine which represent value for money...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Inga Krauss, Gerhard Mueller, Georg Haupt, Benjamin Steinhilber, Pia Janssen, Nicola Jentner, Peter Martus
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis is the most common reason for pain in older adults, and the individual and economic burden of this disease is immense. The chronic character of osteoarthritis requires a long-term therapeutic treatment. In this regard life-style interventions such as physical exercises that can be carried out by the patient himself are recommended as first line treatment. There is evidence for the short-term benefit of exercise therapy in terms of pain reduction and physical functioning...
2016: BMC Public Health
Yan Wang, Yuchao Ma, Jingmin Hu, Xinxin Zhang, Wenwen Cheng, Han Jiang, Min Li, Jintao Ren, Xiaosong Zhang, Mengxi Liu, Anji Sun, Qi Wang, Xiaobai Li
Both animal experiments and clinical studies have demonstrated that prenatal stress can cause cognitive disorders in offspring. To explore the scope of these deficits and identify potential underlying mechanisms, we examined the spatial learning and memory performance and glutamate receptor (GluR) expression patterns of adult rats exposed to prenatal chronic mild stress (PCMS). Principal component analysis (PCA) was employed to reveal the interrelationships among spatial learning indices and GluR expression changes...
July 2016: Experimental Neurology
K J Sheehan, B Sobolev, A Chudyk, T Stephens, P Guy
BACKGROUND: Several patient and health system factors were associated with the risk of death among patients with hip fracture. However, without knowledge of underlying mechanisms interventions to improve survival post hip fracture can only be designed on the basis of the found statistical associations. METHODS: We used the framework developed by Arksey and O'Malley and Levac et al. for synthesis of factors and mechanisms of mortality post low energy hip fracture in adults over the age of 50 years, published in English, between September 1, 2009 and October 1, 2014 and indexed in MEDLINE...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Fiona Dobson, Kim L Bennell, Simon D French, Philippa J A Nicolson, Remco N Klaasman, Melanie A Holden, Lou Atkins, Rana S Hinman
Exercise is recommended for hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA). Patient initiation of, and adherence to, exercise is key to the success of managing symptoms. This study aimed to (1) identify modifiable barriers and facilitators to participation in intentional exercise in hip and/or knee OA, and (2) synthesize findings using behavior change theory. A scoping review with systematic searches was conducted through March 2015. Two reviewers screened studies for eligibility. Barriers and facilitators were extracted and synthesized according to the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) by two independent reviewers...
May 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
David R Bell, Eric G Post, Stephanie M Trigsted, Scott Hetzel, Timothy A McGuine, M Alison Brooks
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of sport specialization in high school athletes is unknown. This information is needed to determine the scope of this issue in an active population. PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of sport specialization in high school athletes and to determine if specialization is influenced by classification method, year in school, sex, and school size. A secondary purpose was to determine if highly specialized athletes would be more likely to report a history of lower extremity injuries...
June 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Nicholas A Bedard, Andrew J Pugely, Kyle R Duchman, Robert W Westermann, Yubo Gao, John J Callaghan
BACKGROUND: Rates of hip arthroscopy have been on an exponential rise. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rate and timing of subsequent total hip arthroplasty (THA) after hip arthroscopy and identify if rates of THA differed based on age, diagnosis of osteoarthritis, or arthroscopic procedure performed. METHODS: The Humana administrative claims data set was reviewed from 2007 to 2014 for all patients undergoing hip arthroscopy. Patients were identified using Current Procedural Terminology codes and laterality modifiers...
June 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Christos Koutras, Marina Bitsaki, Georgios Koutras, Christos Nikolaou, Hansjoerg Heep
BACKGROUND: e-Health is a widespread healthcare practice in the medical community, supported by technology-based applications aiming to deliver health services in an efficient manner, improving the quality of life and providing a wide range of health and socio-economic benefits to patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of e-Health and mobile applications for the follow-up of major joint arthroplasty patients and the socio-economic impact of e-Health services on arthroplasty patients...
2015: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Markus F Luger, Stephan Müller, Christian Kammerlander, Markus Gosch, Thomas J Luger
BACKGROUND: To investigate incidence and predictors of the various postoperative cognitive declines in old patients with hip fracture. METHODS: This retrospective chart study evaluated 411 patients (age ≥80 years, follow-up 5 years). After exclusion of 82 patients (preexisting dementia or delirium), 70 patients showing either diagnosed postoperative delirium (POD; group 1; N = 18, 5.5%) or an unspecified cognitive dysfunction and behavior (group 2; N = 52, 15...
December 2014: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Ye Mao, Jing Zhao, Yufeng Gao
OBJECTIVE: To compare the microphones organism and propofol in elderly patients with hip fracture surgery ICU clinical effect and safety of sedation. METHODS: To collect 5 hospitals in Harbin in January 2014-August 2014, 72 cases of senile spinal postoperative ICU patients, randomly divided into the propofol group (group A: 36 cases) and right beautiful mi organism group (group B: 36 cases).Group A: first of all, intravenous 1 mg/kg propofol sedation induction, according to different degree of sedation maintain propofol dosage is 0...
May 19, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Bradford D Gessner, Thomas Steck, Erik Woelber, Stephen S Tower
OBJECTIVES: We sought to synthesize data on systemic arthroprosthetic cobaltism, a recently described syndrome that results from wear or corrosion of chrome-cobalt hip components. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature review to identify all reported cases of systemic arthroprosthetic cobaltism. To assess the epidemiologic link between blood cobalt levels (B[Co]), we developed a symptom scoring tool that evaluated 9 different symptom categories and a category of medical utilization...
June 12, 2015: Journal of Patient Safety
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