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Hip scope

P E Beaulé, H Bleeker, A Singh, J Dobransky
AIMS: Joint-preserving surgery of the hip (JPSH) has evolved considerably and now includes a number of procedures, including arthroscopy, surgical dislocation, and redirectional osteotomies of the femur and acetabulum. There are a number of different factors which lead to failure of JPSH. Consequently, it is of interest to assess the various modes of failure in order to continue to identify best practice and the indications for these procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a retrospective observational study design, we reviewed 1013 patients who had undergone JPSH by a single surgeon between 2005 and 2015...
March 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
James Kiujing Fung, Victor Hip Wo Yeung, Sau Kwan Chu, Chi Wan Man
KILT syndrome is a rare condition composing the triad of kidney and inferior vena cava anomaly and extensive venous thrombosis. We present a case of newly diagnosed KILT syndrome in a 41-years-old gentleman presenting with loin pain and fever. Reviewing previous case reports, KILT syndrome is usually an incidental finding on imaging studies and there is a wide scope of initial clinical presentations. However, recent evidence suggests IVC anomaly may have caused subsequent renal hypoplasia. Identification of the underlying etiology may be helpful in planning early vascular intervention to treat the condition...
May 2017: Urology Case Reports
Haris S Vasiliadis, Konstantinos Tsikopoulos
The prevalence of primary or idiopathic osteoarthritis (OA) of knee and hip joints has substantially increased in general population during the last decades. Analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are currently extensively used as non-surgical treatment options. However, they act as symptomatic treatments, not offering a cure of OA and they are accused for an increased risk of adverse events. Glucosamine (GL) and chondroitin (CH) are nutritional supplements that have recently gained widespread use as treatment options for OA...
January 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
Kevin W Broder, Brian Nguyen, Richard M Bodor
Complex pressure ulcer wound sites often present with a wide scope of barriers to healing ranging from high colonization of multi-drug-resistant pathogens to tortuous internal anatomy which make the wound recalcitrant to traditional wound care including standard negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT). Negative pressure wound therapy with instillation (NPWTi-d) provides an opportunity to manage and heal wounds with indications not met by standard NPWT such as cavitating wounds with complex undermining and tunneling...
November 14, 2016: Curēus
Fiona Mitchell, Andrew Jahoda, Catherine Hankey, Lynsay Matthews, Heather Murray, Craig Melville
BACKGROUND: The transition from adolescence to adulthood is a 'high-risk' period for weight gain in the general population. There is speculation that this may also be a risk period for adults with intellectual disabilities; however, there has been no research which has monitored change in health indicators. Since adults with intellectual disabilities have higher rates of obesity and engage in more sedentary behaviour and less physical activity than the general population, there is a need to understand more about the lifestyle behaviours of this population during the transition to adulthood...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Maria Adam Nyangasa, Soerge Kelm, Mohammed Ali Sheikh, Antje Hebestreit
BACKGROUND: Data on nutritional status and correlates of noncommunicable diseases are scarce for resource-poor settings in sub-Saharan countries. With the scope of a project, "Access to Food and Nutrition Status of the Zanzibari Population," data for investigating public health questions were collected using proven measurement and laboratory standards. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims at providing a descriptive overview of recruitment approaches, standardization, quality control measures, and data collection, with special attention to the design, responses, and participant characteristics of the overall project...
December 1, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Rahul Tyagi, Marcin R Zgoda, Rachel Short
National Health Service Quality Improvement Scotland (NHS QIS) published a health technology scoping report in 2006 acknowledging that there are serious concerns within Scotland in relation to Developmental Dysplasia of Hip (DDH) as there is no formal screening program in place and there are significant variations between NHS boards leading to confusion for staff and parents. NHS QIS identified need for audit work to improve hip screening in Scotland. The aim of this study is review of current practice of selective screening for DDH...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
Zaheed Damani, Gail MacKean, Eric Bohm, Brie DeMone, Brock Wright, Tom Noseworthy, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc, Deborah A Marshall
BACKGROUND: Policy dialogues are critical for developing responsive, effective, sustainable, evidence-informed policy. Our multidisciplinary team, including researchers, physicians and senior decision-makers, comprehensively evaluated The Winnipeg Central Intake Service, a single-entry model in Winnipeg, Manitoba, to improve patient access to hip/knee replacement surgery. We used the evaluation findings to develop five evidence-informed policy directions to help improve access to scheduled clinical services across Manitoba...
October 18, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
M C Koper, N M C Mathijssen, F Witt, M M Morlock, S B W Vehmeijer
BACKGROUND: Metal-on-Metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasties (THA) are associated with pseudotumor formation and high revision rates. This prospective study analysed the clinical and wear analyses of 9 large Metal-on-Metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasties (THA) to understand the underlying mechanisms of failure. The MoM bearings were revised for multiple reasons; the main reason was pseudotumor formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2006 till 2010 the Reinier de Graaf Hospital implanted 160 large head M2a-Magnum™ (Biomet Inc...
2016: PloS One
S Benjamin, D Warwick
INTRODUCTION Because of the high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR), guidelines are used widely to enhance effective (yet safe) prophylaxis. If patients develop VTEs despite use of such guidelines, then the reasons are that the guidelines were: (i) followed but the VTE occurred anyway; (ii) not implemented appropriately. All VTEs are assessed routinely by root-cause analysis (RCA). METHODS The records and subsequent RCA reports for each patient who experienced clinically significant VTE after THR or TKR were reviewed...
November 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
M D Wimmer, M M Ploeger, M J Friedrich, R Bornemann, P P Roessler, S Gravius, T M Randau
BACKGROUND: When deciding upon the best treatment strategy in revision arthroplasty, it is absolutely crucial to use the best possible preoperative detection whether a periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is present or not. New molecular markers investigated in serum samples and synovial fluid can help to improve the preoperative diagnosis. In 2001, a novel IL-6 lateral flow immunoassay testing device was introduced which has never been tested in synovial fluid so far. OBJECTIVE: For our study we investigated whether the test can be used safely, feasibly and time effectively with synovial fluid gathered from potentially infected THAs or TKAs and whether the already published cutoff for IL-6 in synovial fluid predicting a PJI can be reproduced using the QuickLine IL-6 immunoassay...
November 14, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Benjamin F Ricciardi, Stephanie W Mayer, Kara G Fields, Catherine Wentzel, Bryan T Kelly, Ernest L Sink
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic labral tears are common in patients with acetabular dysplasia; however, optimal treatment of the labrum remains controversial. PURPOSE: To present patient characteristics and early functional outcomes associated with combined arthroscopic labral refixation and Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) for symptomatic acetabular dysplasia with a displaced labral tear from the acetabular rim. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
October 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Gill Lewin, Karyn Concanen, David Youens
The Home Independence Program (HIP), an Australian restorative home care/reablement service for older adults, has been shown to be effective in reducing functional dependency and increasing functional mobility, confidence in everyday activities, and quality of life. These gains were found to translate into a reduced need for ongoing care services and reduced health and aged care costs over time. Despite these positive outcomes, few Australian home care agencies have adopted the service model - a key reason being that few Australian providers employ health professionals, who act as care managers under the HIP service model...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
T W Wainwright, T Immins, R G Middleton
Introduction Approximately 67,000 hip fractures occurred in England, Wales and Northern Ireland in 2014, and annual hospital costs for fracture are around £1.1 billion. We review the potential scope for improving length of stay (LOS). Methods Hospital Episode Statistics data on non-elective admissions to 137 hospital trusts between November 2013 and October 2015 with a primary diagnosis of fractured neck of femur were analysed. The primary outcome was superspell LOS, which is the total LOS for all related spells for a single patient during an episode of care...
September 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Leanne Sawle, Jennifer Freeman, Jonathan Marsden
CONTEXT: Athletic pelvic and groin injuries are a common yet challenging problem. Pelvic belts have been successfully used to reduce pain and improve function but are not a practical solution for athletes. Therefore, there is scope to explore the use of a more dynamic intervention developed to aid in the management of this type of injury. OBJECTIVES: To undertake a preliminary investigation into the effectiveness of a dynamic elastomeric fabric orthosis (DEFO) in supporting the management of athletic pelvic and groin injury...
May 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Anna Flego, Michelle M Dowsey, Peter F M Choong, Marj Moodie
BACKGROUND: Obesity is one of the only modifiable risk factors for both incidence and progression of Osteoarthritis (OA). So there is increasing interest from a public health perspective in addressing obesity in the management of OA. While evidence of the efficacy of intereventions designed to address obesity in OA populations continues to grow, little is known about their economic credentials. The aim of this study is to conduct a scoping review of: (i) the published economic evidence assessing the economic impact of obesity in OA populations; (ii) economic evaluations of interventions designed to explicitly address obesity in the prevention and management of OA in order to determine which represent value for money...
May 26, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Inga Krauss, Gerhard Mueller, Georg Haupt, Benjamin Steinhilber, Pia Janssen, Nicola Jentner, Peter Martus
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis is the most common reason for pain in older adults, and the individual and economic burden of this disease is immense. The chronic character of osteoarthritis requires a long-term therapeutic treatment. In this regard life-style interventions such as physical exercises that can be carried out by the patient himself are recommended as first line treatment. There is evidence for the short-term benefit of exercise therapy in terms of pain reduction and physical functioning...
2016: BMC Public Health
Yan Wang, Yuchao Ma, Jingmin Hu, Xinxin Zhang, Wenwen Cheng, Han Jiang, Min Li, Jintao Ren, Xiaosong Zhang, Mengxi Liu, Anji Sun, Qi Wang, Xiaobai Li
Both animal experiments and clinical studies have demonstrated that prenatal stress can cause cognitive disorders in offspring. To explore the scope of these deficits and identify potential underlying mechanisms, we examined the spatial learning and memory performance and glutamate receptor (GluR) expression patterns of adult rats exposed to prenatal chronic mild stress (PCMS). Principal component analysis (PCA) was employed to reveal the interrelationships among spatial learning indices and GluR expression changes...
July 2016: Experimental Neurology
K J Sheehan, B Sobolev, A Chudyk, T Stephens, P Guy
BACKGROUND: Several patient and health system factors were associated with the risk of death among patients with hip fracture. However, without knowledge of underlying mechanisms interventions to improve survival post hip fracture can only be designed on the basis of the found statistical associations. METHODS: We used the framework developed by Arksey and O'Malley and Levac et al. for synthesis of factors and mechanisms of mortality post low energy hip fracture in adults over the age of 50 years, published in English, between September 1, 2009 and October 1, 2014 and indexed in MEDLINE...
April 14, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Fiona Dobson, Kim L Bennell, Simon D French, Philippa J A Nicolson, Remco N Klaasman, Melanie A Holden, Lou Atkins, Rana S Hinman
Exercise is recommended for hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA). Patient initiation of, and adherence to, exercise is key to the success of managing symptoms. This study aimed to (1) identify modifiable barriers and facilitators to participation in intentional exercise in hip and/or knee OA, and (2) synthesize findings using behavior change theory. A scoping review with systematic searches was conducted through March 2015. Two reviewers screened studies for eligibility. Barriers and facilitators were extracted and synthesized according to the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) by two independent reviewers...
May 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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