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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734861/low-food-allergy-prevalence-despite-delayed-introduction-of-allergenic-foods-data-from-the-gusto-cohort
#1
Elizabeth Huiwen Tham, Bee Wah Lee, Yiong Huak Chan, Evelyn Xiu Ling Loo, Jia Ying Toh, Anne Goh, Oon Hoe Teoh, Fabian Yap, Kok Hian Tan, Keith M Godfrey, Mary Foong Fong Chong, Hugo P S Van Bever, Yap Seng Chong, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek
BACKGROUND: There is mounting evidence that early introduction of allergenic food decreases the risk of food allergy development, especially in high-risk infants with eczema. However, there is a lack of data to suggest whether this association holds true in Asian populations. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the timing of introduction of allergenic foods and food allergy outcomes in infants in the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) study...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734859/provider-health-and-wellness
#2
REVIEW
Anil Nanda, Anita Wasan, James Sussman
Provider health and wellness is a significant issue and can impact patient care, including patient satisfaction, quality of care, medical errors, malpractice risk, as well as provider and office staff turnover and early retirement. Health and wellness encompasses various areas including burnout, depression, divorce, and suicide and affects providers of all specialties and at all levels of training. Providers deal with many everyday stresses, including electronic health records, office politics, insurance and billing issues, dissatisfied patients, and their own personal and family issues...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734852/azodicarbonamide-adca-a-reconsideration-of-classification-as-a-respiratory-sensitiser
#3
Josje Arts, Ian Kimber
Azodicarbonamide (ADCA) is widely used by industry in the manufacture of a variety of products. ADCA has been classified as a respiratory allergen, and the purpose of this article was to consider whether this classification is appropriate based upon the available data. Here both clinical experience and relevant experimental data have been reviewed. Although there have been reports of an association between workplace exposure to ADCA and symptoms of respiratory allergy and occupational asthma, the evidence is less than persuasive, with in many instances a lack of properly controlled and executed diagnostic procedures...
July 19, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732432/intradermal-skin-testing-in-allergic-rhinitis-and-asthma-with-negative-skin-prick-tests
#4
Fuat Erel, Nurhan Sarioglu, Mehmet Kose, Mustafa Kaymakci, Mucahide Gokcen, Ahmet Hamdi Kepekci, Mehmet Arslan
Taking medical history, physical examination, and performing some in vivo and in vitro tests are necessary for the diagnosis of allergy. Skin prick test (SPT) is considered as the standard method and first-line approach for the detection of allergic sensitization. Although mainly SPT is used for the detection of allergic sensitization, intradermal skin test (IDST) may be necessary, especially in patients with a negative SPT result. IDST is quite safe; however, is nowadays seldom used for detection of inhalant allergy and its value remains controversial...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732431/the-efficacy-of-oral-immunotherapy-in-patients-with-cow-s-milk-allergy
#5
Mohsen Ebrahimi, Mohammad Gharagozlou, Ali Mohebbi, Nasim Hafezi, Gholamreza Azizi, Masoud Movahedi
Cow's milk allergy is the most common type of food allergy that decrease the quality of life of patients and their families. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of oral immunotherapy in patients with cow's milk allergy. 14 patients above 3 years of age with a history of cow's milk allergy confirmed by positive double blind placebo controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) test, presence of serum IgE against cow's milk and positive SPT (skin prick test) were enrolled in this study. During the immunotherapy all patients received increasing amounts of cow's milk during three phases...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731887/risk-of-anaphylaxis-in-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#6
Natasha C Gunawardana
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is widespread across the world. Patients with asthma and allergy regularly use CAM therapies. Allergic and anaphylactic reactions to CAM have been reported. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent attempts to regulate and monitor adverse reaction to these therapies have given us further insight into potential causes of severe allergic reactions. Several culprits identified including Andrographis paniculata, Echinacea species, bee products, Ginkgo biloba and Ginseng are discussed here...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731550/food-allergy-in-schools-the-importance-of-government-involvement
#7
Tanya Lawlis, Sarah Bakonyi, Lauren T Williams
AIM: Children have the highest rates of food-related allergic reactions. While 85% of children outgrow allergies including cow's milk and eggs by five years of age, allergies to peanuts and seafood continue into adulthood. The school setting poses a high-risk environment for allergen exposure. The aim of the present study was to examine the availability, drivers and communication of school food allergy awareness and management policies/guidelines in one Australian education jurisdiction...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731415/eosinophilic-esophagitis-after-egg-oral-immunotherapy-in-an-adult-with-egg-allergy-and-egg-bird-syndrome
#8
R García Rodríguez, Y Méndez Díaz, L Moreno Lozano, A Extremera Ortega, E Gómez Torrijos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731411/oral-immunotherapy-for-food-allergy-a-spanish-guideline-immunotherapy-egg-and-milk-spanish-guide-items-guide-part-i-cow-milk-and-egg-oral-immunotherapy-introduction-methodology-rationale-current-state-indications-contraindications-and-oral-immunotherapy-build
#9
A Martorell, E Alonso, L Echeverría, C Escudero, R García-Rodríguez, C Blasco, J Bone, J Borja-Segade, T Bracamonte, A Claver, J L Corzo, B De la Hoz, R Del Olmo, O Dominguez, V Fuentes-Aparicio, I Guallar, H Larramona, F Martín-Muñoz, V Matheu, A Michavila, I Ojeda, P Ojeda, M Piquer, P Poza, M Reche, P Rodríguez Del Río, M Rodríguez, F Ruano, S Sánchez-García, S Terrados, L Valdesoiro, M Vazquez-Ortiz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cow milk and egg are the most frequent causes of food allergy in the first years of life. Oral immunotherapy (OIT) has been investigated as an alternative to avoidance diets. No clinical practice guidelines on the management of OIT with milk and egg are currently available. Objectives: To develop clinical guidelines for OIT based on available scientific evidence and the opinions of experts. METHODS: A review was made of studies published between 1984 and June 2016, doctoral theses published in Spain, summaries of communications at scientific meetings (SEAIC, SEICAP, EAACI, and AAAAI), and the consensus of opinion established by a group of experts from the scientific societies SEICAP and SEAIC...
2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730624/prevalence-of-nickel-allergy-in-europe-following-the-eu-nickel-directive%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Malin G Ahlström, Jacob P Thyssen, Torkil Menné, Jeanne D Johansen
Nickel contact allergy remains a problem in EU countries, despite the EU Nickel Directive. To study the prevalence of nickel allergy in EU countries following the implementation of the EU Nickel Directive, we performed a systematic search in PubMed for studies that examined the prevalence of nickel allergy in EU countries published during 2005-2016. We identified 46 studies: 10 in the general population and 36 in patch tested dermatitis patients. A significantly lower prevalence of nickel allergy after than before the implementation of the EU Nickel Directive was found in women aged 18-35 years (11...
July 21, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729819/secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-risk-of-wheeze-in-early-childhood-a-prospective-pregnancy-birth-cohort-study
#11
Keiko Tanaka, Yoshihiro Miyake, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the independent and additive effects of both pre- and postnatal smoking exposure on the risk of wheeze in children is limited. The purpose of this prospective pregnancy birth cohort study was to examine the association between prenatal and postnatal tobacco smoke exposure during the first year of life and the risk of wheeze in Japanese children aged 23 to 29 months. METHODS: Study subjects were 1354 Japanese mother-child pairs. Information on the variables under study was obtained using repeated questionnaires that were completed by mothers, first prior to delivery, then shortly after birth and subsequently around 4, 12, and 24 months after delivery...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729676/proteomic-profiling-of-the-weed-feverfew-a-neglected-pollen-allergen-source
#12
Isabel Pablos, Stephanie Eichhorn, Peter Briza, Claudia Asam, Ulrike Gartner, Martin Wolf, Christof Ebner, Barbara Bohle, Naveen Arora, Stefan Vieths, Fatima Ferreira, Gabriele Gadermaier
Feverfew (Parthenium hysterophorus), an invasive weed from the Asteraceae family, has been reported as allergen source. Despite its relevance, knowledge of allergens is restricted to a partial sequence of a hydroxyproline-rich glycoprotein. We aimed to obtain the entire sequence for recombinant production and characterize feverfew pollen using proteomics and immunological assays. Par h 1, a defensin-proline fusion allergen was obtained by cDNA cloning and recombinantly produced in E. coli. Using two complementary proteomic strategies, a total of 258 proteins were identified in feverfew pollen among those 47 proteins belonging to allergenic families...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729318/a-national-survey-of-russian-physicians-knowledge-of-diagnosis-and-management-of-food-induced-anaphylaxis
#13
Daniel Munblit, Marina Treneva, Ilya Korsunskiy, Alan Asmanov, Alexander Pampura, John O Warner
OBJECTIVES: Food allergy is an increasing burden worldwide and is a common problem within paediatric populations, affecting 5%-8% of children. Anaphylaxis caused by food proteins is a potentially life-threatening condition and all healthcare practitioners should be aware of its recognition and management. Russia is the largest country in Europe but it is still unknown whether physicians are prepared to diagnose and manage food-induced anaphylaxis effectively. We aimed to examine physicians' knowledge of diagnosis and management of food-induced anaphylaxis...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728773/psychometric-properties-of-the-turkish-version-of-caregiver-burden-index-cbi-for-parents-of-children-with-allergies
#14
Ayfer Ekim, Melis Hecan, Serkan Oren
Childhood chronic diseases have a great impact, including physiological, social and financial burdens, on parents. The concept of "caregiver burden" is gaining importance to understand the effects of allergic diseases and plan family-centered strategies. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Caregiver Burden Index (CBI) in Turkish mothers of children with allergies. METHOD: The participants of this methodological study were 213 mothers of children with allergies between 6 and 12years...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728257/-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-children-analysis-of-22-cases
#15
M F Sun, W Z Gu, K R Peng, M N Liu, X L Shu, L Q Jiang, M Z Jiang
Objective: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic immune-mediated esophageal disease.The current domestic reports of EoE in children is rare.The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical features, the diagnosis and treatment advance of EoE in children by case analysis and literature review. Method: Clinical data of 22 children with EoE from January, 2011 to December, 2015 in Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine were recorded, retrospective analysis was performed on clinical presentation, gastroendoscopy and histopathological examination features and the treatment...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728234/-understanding-of-the-complexity-of-allergy-rhinitis
#16
L Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727909/positive-allergen-reaction-in-allergic-and-nonallergic-rhinitis-a-systematic-review
#17
Aneeza W Hamizan, Janet Rimmer, Raquel Alvarado, William A Sewell, Larry Kalish, Raymond Sacks, Richard J Harvey
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of allergic rhinitis (AR) is based on cutaneous and serological assessment to determine immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated disease. However, discrepancies between these tests and nasal provocation exist. Patients diagnosed as non-allergic rhinitis (NAR) but with positive nasal allergen provocation test (NAPT) may represent a local allergic condition or entopy, still suitable to allergy interventions. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of nasal reactivity toward allergens among AR and NAR patients, and to describe the diagnostic characteristics of NAPT methodologies...
July 20, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727206/the-mother-offspring-dyad-microbial-transmission-immune-interactions-and-allergy-development
#18
REVIEW
Maria C Jenmalm
The increasing prevalence of allergy in affluent countries may be caused by reduced intensity and diversity of microbial stimulation, resulting in abnormal postnatal immune maturation. Most studies investigating the underlying immunomodulatory mechanisms have focused on postnatal microbial exposure, for example demonstrating that the gut microbiota differs in composition and diversity during the first months of life in children who later do or do not develop allergic disease. However, it is also becoming increasingly evident that the maternal microbial environment during pregnancy is important in childhood immune programming, and the first microbial encounters may occur already in utero...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726509/soymilk-fermentation-by-enterococcus-faecalis-vb43-leads-to-reduction-in-the-immunoreactivity-of-allergenic-proteins-%C3%AE-conglycinin-7s-and-glycinin-11s
#19
V Biscola, A Rodriguez de Olmos, Y Choiset, H Rabesona, M S Garro, F Mozzi, J-M Chobert, M Drouet, T Haertlé, B D G M Franco
Food allergies represent a serious problem affecting human health and soy proteins rank among the most allergenic proteins from food origin. The proteolytic enzymes produced by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) can hydrolyse the major allergens present in soybean, reducing their immunoreactivity. Many studies have reported the ability of LAB to ferment soy-based products; while the majority of them focus on the improvement of the sensory characteristics and functionality of soy proteins, a lack of information about the role of lactic fermentation in the reduction of immunoreactivity of these proteins exists...
July 20, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725641/mechanisms-mediating-pediatric-severe-asthma-and-potential-novel-therapies
#20
REVIEW
Aldara Martin Alonso, Sejal Saglani
Although a rare disease, severe therapy-resistant asthma in children is a cause of significant morbidity and results in utilization of approximately 50% of health-care resources for asthma. Improving control for children with severe asthma is, therefore, an urgent unmet clinical need. As a group, children with severe asthma have severe and multiple allergies, steroid resistant airway eosinophilia, and significant structural changes of the airway wall (airway remodeling). Omalizumab is currently the only add-on therapy that is licensed for use in children with severe asthma...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
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