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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725509/saving-tendons-on-distal-radius-fractures-a-simple-surgical-pearl-to-prevent-fpl-tendon-conflict-with-volar-locking-plates
#1
Gustavo Mantovani Ruggiero
Injury to the flexor pollicis longus (FPL) tendon is one of the most frequent complications when fixing distal radius fractures with the volar locking plates. The author proposed a simple surgical technique providing a reliable soft tissue protection to prevent friction on the FPL with the volar locking plate, using a flap of the FCR sheath sutured to attachments of the volar capsule on the lunate buttress facet of the distal radius.
August 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725506/an-aberrant-abductor-digiti-minimi-muscle-crossing-guyon-s-canal
#2
YongSeok Nam, SeungHwan Hwang, SuRak Eo
Anomalous hypothenar muscles in the wrist are relatively common with 47% prevalence, and their possible consequences associated with Guyon's canal are well known. The accessory of the abductor digiti minimi muscle (ADM) is known to be one of the causes of ulnar tunnel syndrome or ulnar artery thrombosis. A unique ADM was found in the volar wrist region of an 87-year-old male cadaver passing through Guyon's canal.
August 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725505/long-volar-plating-for-metadiaphyseal-fractures-of-distal-radius-study-comparing-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-versus-conventional-approach
#3
Emilie Pire, Juan José Hidalgo Diaz, Santiago Salazar Botero, Sybille Facca, Philippe A Liverneaux
Background  Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) has been used in wrist surgery for several years. The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare clinical and radiologic outcomes of MIPO technique with those of a conventional approach in the treatment of metadiaphyseal distal radius fracture by long volar plating. Materials and Methods  Our series consisted of 32 fractures in 31 patients, mean age 63.9 years, including 16 men and 15 women. MIPO technique was used in 15 wrists (group 1) and conventional approach (> 60 mm of skin incision) in 17 wrists (group 2)...
August 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725500/volar-plate-fixation-in-patients-older-than-70-years-with-ao-type-c-distal-radial-fractures-clinical-and-radiologic-outcomes
#4
Nicolas S Piuzzi, Ezequiel E Zaidenberg, Matias Pereira Duarte, Jorge G Boretto, Agustin Donndorff, Gerardo Gallucci, Pablo De Carli
Introduction  Treatment of unstable distal radial fractures (DRFs) in elderly patients is controversial, and considering the increasing life expectancy, their appropriate treatment is of growing importance. Our aim was to analyze the clinical and radiologic outcomes in the elderly patients with AO type C DRF treated with volar locking plate (VLP). Materials and Methods  Between 2007 and 2011, 572 DRFs were operated on in our hospital with open reduction and internal fixation with VLP. Of these, only 64 patients (66 DRFs) met the selection criteria (AO type C DRF, age > 70 years, minimum 12-month follow-up)...
August 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725496/volar-distal-radius-anatomy-applied-to-the-treatment-of-distal-radius-fracture
#5
Junya Imatani, Keiichi Akita
Volar locking plate (VLP) fixation has become the standard surgical treatment for distal radius fractures. However, flexor tendon rupture is one of the major complications following volar plating. This detailed review on the anatomy and morphology of the volar distal radius might facilitate appropriate placement of the volar plate and thereby avoid flexor tendon rupture. We introduce safe and secure VLP fixation along standard surgical procedures to avoid complications based on anatomy of the volar surface of the distal radius...
August 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720009/the-effect-of-isolated-finger-stiffness-on-adjacent-digit-function
#6
Rasha Baaqeel, Kitty Wu, Shrikant J Chinchalkar, Douglas C Ross
BACKGROUND: Isolated stiffness in a single finger can affect the function of adjacent digits and decrease overall hand function due to the quadriga phenomenon. This study objectively quantifies the dysfunctional impact of each individual stiff finger upon the remaining digits. METHODS: Twenty-five individuals (10 men and 15 women) with a mean age of 31 years (range, 18-58 years) without any upper limb pathology, neuropathy, or systemic illness were recruited. Volar-based finger splints were used to hold individual digits of the dominant hand (24 right and 1 left) sequentially in full extension at the metacarpophalangeal (MCP), proximal interphalangeal (PIP), and distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints...
March 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718310/comparison-of-computed-tomography-articular-surface-geometry-of-male-versus-female-thumb-carpometacarpal-joints
#7
Jessica G Shih, James G Mainprize, Paul A Binhammer
BACKGROUND: Given the predilection of first carpometacarpal (CMC) joint osteoarthritis in women compared with men, we aim to determine the differences in first CMC joint surface geometry and congruence between young healthy males and females. METHODS: Wrist computed tomographic (CT) scan data of 11 men and 11 women aged 20 to 35 years were imported into 3-dimensional software programs. The first metacarpal and the trapezium were aligned in a standardized position according to landmarks at key points on Gaussian and maximum curvature maps...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718309/intra-articular-fracture-of-the-base-of-the-first-metacarpal-bone-treatment-through-a-volar-approach
#8
Violeta Levy, Marcelo Mazzola, Martín Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Management of Bennett fractures has been controversial. Early reports supported closed reduction and casting with or without percutaneous pinning. Later, open reduction and internal fixation was advocated. The purpose of this article is to assess the surgical treatment using a direct volar approach. METHODS: Between March 2008 and December 2014, 21 patients with intra-articular first metacarpal fractures displaced more than 1 mm were operated on using a direct volar approach...
January 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709834/radiological-degenerative-changes-in-the-distal-radioulnar-joint-after-ulnar-shortening-osteotomy-in-patients-with-idiopathic-ulnar-impaction-syndrome-analysis-of-factors-affecting-degenerative-lesions
#9
Soo Min Cha, Byong San Choi, Hyun Dae Shin
PURPOSE: To identify factors influencing overall radiologic changes in the distal radioulnar joint after ulnar shortening osteotomy (USO) in patients with idiopathic ulnar impaction syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 310 patients who had undergone USO between May 2007 and December 2013 were included in this retrospective case-control study. The patients were classified into two groups (with or without radiologic findings of new arthritic changes), after which the following factors were analyzed: 1) demographic factors; 2) radiologic aspects, including ulnar variance (UV), morphological DRUJ type (classified according to Tolat et al...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707132/comparison-of-lateral-and-skyline-fluoroscopic-views-for-detection-of-prominent-screws-in-distal-radius-fractures-plating-results-of-an-ultrasonographic-study
#10
Olivier Herisson, Caroline Delaroche, Sandrine Maillot-Roy, Alain Sautet, Levon Doursounian, Adeline Cambon-Binder
INTRODUCTION: Extensor tendon rupture is a recognized complication of volar plate fixation of distal radius fractures due to screws protruding past the dorsal cortex. The aim of this study was to compare the Skyline view with traditional lateral fluoroscopic views using ultrasonography as a reference standard in the postoperative assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A monocentric prospective study was conducted to identify screws penetrating the dorsal cortex after volar plating of distal radius fractures...
July 13, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705590/comparative-study-of-type-b-distal-radius-fractures-with-and-without-lunate-facet-involvement-treated-by-volar-locking-plate-an-observational-study
#11
Xiong Zhang, Yan Zhao, Chunhe Hu, Kunlun Yu, Jiangbo Bai, Dehu Tian, Yi Xu, Bing Zhang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the results of volar locking plate for treatment of type B distal radius fractures involving the lunate facet and compare them with those without involvement in lunate facet. METHOD: s: This was a retrospective study. A total of 93 patients with type B distal radius were treated by single volar locking plate between January 2014 and December 2015. Preoperative digital radiographs were used to initially diagnose and further classify this injury according to AO/OTA classification system...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702384/prwe-application-in-distal-radius-fracture-comparison-and-correlation-with-established-outcomes
#12
Vinícius Ferreira Paranaíba, João Baptista Gomes Dos Santos, Jorge Raduan Neto, Vinícius Ynoe Moraes, João Carlos Belotti, Flávio Faloppa
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the correlation between the PRWE score with other measurements that are already widely used. METHODS: This was a prospective, cross-sectional, single-center study. Sixty-eight consecutive patients underwent surgical treatment for distal radius fractures (internal fixation by locked volar plate or transarticular external fixation). They were evaluated independently by PRWE, DASH, VAS range of motion, strength, and radiographic criteria, in one year of follow up...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700146/in-vivo-thz-imaging-of-human-skin-accounting-for-occlusion-effects
#13
Qiushuo Sun, Edward P J Parrott, Yuezhi He, Emma Pickwell-Macpherson
In vivo terahertz (THz) imaging of human skin needs to be done in reflection geometry due to the high attenuation of THz light by water in the skin. To aid the measurement procedure, there is typically an imaging window onto which the patient places the area of interest. The window enables better pulse alignment and helps keep the patient correctly positioned during the measurement. In this paper we demonstrate how the occlusion caused by the skin contact with the imaging window during the measurement affects the THz response...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697090/extensile-fasciotomy-for-compartment-syndrome-of-the-forearm-and-hand
#14
Stefan C Turkula, David A Fuller
PURPOSE: The purpose of this video is to demonstrate the technique of an extensile fasciotomy of the forearm and hand. METHODS: A patient presented to our hospital with a rapidly progressing infection of the right upper extremity and clinical signs and symptoms of compartment syndrome. The patient was immediately taken to the operating room for decompressive fasciotomy, debridement, drainage, and irrigation of what cultures subsequently revealed to be a virulent streptococcal infection...
August 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697088/intraarticular-distal-radius-fracture-open-reduction-internal-fixation
#15
Jason A Nydick, Benjamin D Streufert, Jeffrey D Stone
PURPOSE: Intraarticular distal radius fractures are often treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) through a volar approach. This common approach, however, is technically demanding to restore the articular surface of the radiocarpal joint while respecting soft tissue integrity. The purpose of this video is to demonstrate the surgical technique of volar plate fixation of an intraarticular distal radius fracture. METHODS: A 32-year-old patient who sustained multiple injuries including an intraarticular distal radius fracture was treated with ORIF by a volar approach...
August 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697086/use-of-volar-plate-for-indirect-coronal-plane-reduction-in-an-intraarticular-distal-radius-fracture
#16
Rebecca Senehi, Tyani D Luo, Alejandro Marquez-Lara, Arun Aneja, Hoyt R Beard, Eben A Carroll
Management of intraarticular distal radius fractures requires precise reconstruction of the articular surface to optimize outcomes. Treatment goals also include restoration of alignment, rotation, and angulation in both the coronal and sagittal planes of the metaphyseal component of these fractures. Surgical management with open reduction and internal fixation with a volar plate is often the preferred method of open treatment. However, a variety of different techniques have been described, and the preferred technique may be determined on an individual basis by the fracture characteristics, patient-dependent factors, or surgeon experience...
August 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691543/volar-locking-plate-fixations-for-displaced-distal-radius-fractures-an-evaluation-of-complications-and-radiographic-outcomes
#17
James Wilson, Jeremy J Viner, Kavan S Johal, Michael J Woodruff
BACKGROUND: A volar locking plate (VLP) is the most frequently used form of implant used for open reduction and internal fixation of distal radius fractures. They are known to have a complication rate of up to 27%. We hypothesized that plate design could influence complication rates. METHODS: We performed a review of patients undergoing VLP fixation for distal radius fracture. A total of 228 patients underwent fixation with the Distal Volar Radial Anatomical (DVR) plate; 388 patients underwent fixation with the VariAx plate...
July 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683024/brain-imaging-of-pain-sensitization-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#18
Jesus Pujol, Gerard Martínez-Vilavella, Jone Llorente-Onaindia, Ben J Harrison, Marina López-Solà, Marina López-Ruiz, Laura Blanco-Hinojo, Pere Benito, Joan Deus, Jordi Monfort
A relevant aspect in osteoarthritic pain is neural sensitization. This phenomenon involves augmented responsiveness to painful stimulation and may entail a clinically worse prognosis. We used functional MRI (fMRI) to study pain sensitization in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Sixty patients were recruited and pain sensitization was clinically defined on the basis of regional spreading of pain (spreading sensitization) and increased pain response to repeated stimulation (temporal summation). fMRI testing involved assessing brain responses to both pressure and heat stimulation...
July 3, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676150/volar-radioscapholunate-arthrodesis-and-distal-scaphoidectomy-after-malunited-distal-radius-fractures
#19
Stefan Quadlbauer, Martin Leixnering, Josef Jurkowitsch, Thomas Hausner, Christoph Pezzei
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess range of motion (ROM), pain, and incidence of radiographic degenerative joint disease (DJD) after volar radioscapholunate (RSL) arthrodesis and distal scaphoidectomy (DSE) following malunited distal radius fractures (DRF). METHODS: Fourteen patients with malunited DRF and DJD limited to the radiocarpal joint underwent RSL arthrodesis and DSE between 2006 and 2014. These were retrospectively analyzed both clinically and radiologically...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675976/post-osteomyelitic-acquired-radial-club-hand-deformity-in-children-treated-by-centralization-of-ulna
#20
Dinesh Kumar Meena
INTRODUCTION: Radial club hand deformity acquired post haematogenous osteomyelitis of radius bone is a very rare disease. Resulting in functional and cosmetic deficit of upper limb which is similar to congenital cases. For a long-time various surgeons attempted to reconstruct the deformity by bone grafting, plating, Ilizarov, monorail external fixator, callus distraction and so on. Keeping in mind that creating single bone forearm we proposed centralization of ulna on wrist to correct the deformity...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
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