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I Naroura, A Zemirline, C Taleb, F Lebailly, S Facca, J J Hidalgo Díaz, S Collon, P Liverneaux
Three direct volar portals for wrist arthroscopy have been described previously: two radiocarpal and one midcarpal. The aim of this study was to systematically describe four volar arthroscopic portals through minimally invasive incisions using an inside-out approach from known dorsal portals. Four volar arthroscopic wrist portals were studied on six hand specimens using an inside-out technique: a radial radiocarpal approach (RRCA), an ulnar radiocarpal approach (URCA), a radial midcarpal approach (RMCA) and an ulnar midcarpal approach (UMCA)...
June 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
L Athlani, E Gaisne, P Bellemère
The TACTYS(®) implant is a new anatomic gliding articular and modular prosthesis for the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint. We report preliminary results with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Twenty-two patients with a mean age of 63 years were operated on at a single center by two senior hand surgeons. Indications were painful and stiff PIP joints. The joint damage was caused by osteoarthritis (18 cases), post-traumatic arthritis (3) and rheumatoid arthritis (1). All prostheses were implanted through a dorsal mid-line transtendinous approach...
June 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Kim Robin Spekreijse, Guus Maarten Vermeulen, Thybout M Moojen, Harm P Slijper, Steven E R Hovius, Ruud W Selles, Reinier Feitz
BACKGROUND: Hypermobility of the first carpometacarpal joint is mostly surgically treated with a volar approached stabilization by Eaton, but recent studies indicate the importance of the dorsoradial and intermetacarpal ligaments (DRL and IML) for carpometacarpal joint stability. The aim of this study was to compare a dorsal and volar technique for primary carpometacarpal hypermobility regarding pain and functional outcome. METHODS: Patients with non-degenerative, painful carpometacarpal hypermobility were included and were randomly assigned to either the volar technique using the FCR, or a dorsal technique using the ECRL...
2016: European Journal of Plastic Surgery
Kyungjin Lee, Siyoung Roh, Dongchul Lee, Jinsoo Kim
The foremost goal of managing a mutilated hand is provision of adequate skin coverage. The most suitable method is free tissue transfer. The specific role of volar surface requires replacement tissue to have similar texture for aesthetically satisfactory and functionally acceptable outcomes. Hand surgeons must approach mutilating hand injuries with the recognition that no 2 injuries are ever the same. The injured hand must be evaluated on the individual demand and characteristics of hand use. Optimal function and aesthetic outcomes require appropriate selection of skin coverage...
November 2016: Hand Clinics
O M Okur, A Şener, H Ş Kavakli, G K Çelik, N Ö Doğan, F Içme, G P Günaydin
PURPOSE: We aimed to compare two digital nerve block techniques in patients due to traumatic digital lacerations. METHODS: This was a randomized-controlled study designed prospectively in the emergency department of a university-based training and research hospital. Randomization was achieved by sealed envelopes. Half of the patients were randomised to traditional (two-injection) digital nerve block technique while single-injection digital nerve block technique was applied to the other half...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Tarun Dusad, D S Meena, Narendra Saini, Yogesh Sharma, Deepak Khurana
INTRODUCTION: Schwannomas are also known as neurilemmoma that usually originate from Schwann cells located in the peripheral nerve sheaths. It usually occurs in the age group of 20 to 70 years. These are the commonest tumors of the peripheral nerves, 5% of which occur in the adults and 19% of the tumors occur in upper extremities. Schwannomas are generally presented as an asymptomatic mass. Discomfort may be the only presenting complaint of the patient. Paresthesia may be elicited on tapping the swelling...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Ricardo Monreal
Background: The most frequent deformity of the hand occurring in patients with RA affects the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint and it is characterized by a volar subluxation of the proximal phalanges and ulnar drift of the fingers. Methods: The Extensor Indicis Proprius (EIP) tenodesis for correction of ulnar deviation of fingers (II to V) was performed in 10 hands (40 fingers and 5 patients). Results: There was complete correction of the subluxation or dislocation and almost complete correction of the ulnar drift of the metacarpophalangeal joints at the initial postoperative evaluation (three to four months after surgery)...
September 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Clifton Meals, Nathan J Castro, David Moss
Background: The aim was to test the null hypothesis that splint material, thickness, or longitudinal ridging does not affect the strength of a wrist splint. Methods: Ten splints were made according to each of 7 different splint designs (resulting in 7 groups of 10 splints each). All splints were the same length and were molded to approximate the contour of the volar hand, wrist, and forearm with the wrist in neutral. Three groups consisted of plaster splints of different thicknesses (8, 10, and 12 ply). Three additional groups included splints of the same thicknesses but with a longitudinal ridge...
September 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Nathan A Monaco, C Liam Dwyer, Alex J Ferikes, John D Lubahn
Background: Volar plate fixation with locked screws has become the preferred treatment of displaced distal radius fractures that cannot be managed nonoperatively. This treatment, however, is not without complication. The purpose of this study was to determine what percentage of hand surgeons, over a 12-month period, have experienced a tendon complication when using volar plates for the treatment of distal radius fractures. Methods: A total of 3022 hand surgeons were e-mailed a link to an online questionnaire regarding their observation and treatment of tendon injuries associated with volar plating of distal radius fractures...
September 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
N A Johnson, J J Dias, C J Wildin, L Cutler, B Bhowal, A S Ullah
: This study investigated the accuracy and maintenance of reduction of intra-articular steps achieved with closed reduction and percutaneous K wires and open reduction and a volar locking plate for the treatment of intra-articular distal radius fractures. We performed a retrospective review of 359 patients with an intra-articular fracture of their distal radius. Multivariate linear regression was undertaken to investigate the influence of multiple variables such as age, gender, initial displacement and treatment method on reduction despite differences between groups...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Alastair J M Key
The human hand is unparalleled amongst primates in its ability to manipulate objects forcefully and dexterously. Previous research has predominantly sought to explain the evolution of these capabilities through an adaptive relationship between more modern human-like anatomical features in the upper limb and increased stone tool production and use proficiency. To date, however, we know little about the influence that other manipulatively demanding behaviors may have had upon the evolution of the human hand. The present study addresses one aspect of this deficiency by examining the recruitment of the distal phalanges during a range of manual transportation (i...
2016: PloS One
J Fan, B Jiang, F Yuan, S Z Li, J Q Zhou, J Mei, L M Cheng, G R Yu
Objective: To investigate the clinical character and treating strategy of extreme distal radial fractures. Methods: From June 2012 to May 2014, 12 patients who suffered from extreme distal radial fractures were treated in Department of Orthopedics, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University. According to AO/OTA classification, there were 4 cases of type 23B1, 3 cases of 23B2, 3 cases of 23C1 and 2 cases of 23C3.When classified by morphological features, there were 4 of simple styloid process fracture, 3 of simple extreme distal radial fracture without articular surface involved, 3 of styloid process fracture combined with distal radial articular fracture, and 2 of articular surface splintered or collapse fracture...
October 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
S T Kokkalis, A F Mavrogenis, C Vottis, L Papatheodorou, P J Papagelopoulos, P N Soucacos, D G Sotereanos
Nerve wrap protectors are bioabsorbable synthetic materials made of collagen or extracellular matrix that provide a non-constricting encasement for injured peripheral nerves. They are designed to be used as an interface between the nerve and the surrounding tissue. After hydrated, they transform into a soft, pliable, nonfriable, easy to handle porous conduit. The wall of the nerve wrap has a longitudinal slit that allows to be placed around the injured nerve. Τhis article presents the surgical technique for median nerve neurolysis and nerve coverage using a collagen or an extracellular matrix nerve wrap protector in 10 patients with recurrent or persistent carpal -tunnel syndrome...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
J Fan, B Jiang, B Wang, K Chen, F Yuang, J Mei, G-R Yu
The aim of the study was to analysis soft-tissue complications of volar plate fixation and it's prevention strategies along with exploring clinical effects of preserving pronator quadratus (PQ) muscle. From February 2011 to February 2013, sixty-five patients with distal radius fracture underwent open reduction and internal fixation with the volar locking palmar plates. The group with preserving PQ involved 30 patients and group with PQ repair involved 35 patients. Surgeons must took great care of not -letting drill pierce dorsal cortical bone rapidly and dorsal carpal tangential fluoroscopy was also taken in addition to lateral fluoroscopy to get accurate screw length...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
R W Jordan, R Naeem, S Jadoon, K Srinivas, G Shyamalan
The aim of this study was to report the success of maintaining reduced distal radius fractures with cast immobilisation and analyse risk factors for redisplacement. A retrospective analysis of distal radius fracture manipulated between April 2011 and 2013 was conducted. Age, gender, fracture classification, ulna fracture, dorsal comminution and volar alignment were recorded. Reduction and redisplacement were measured using Sarmiento's modification of Lidstrom's system. 110 patients were included ; mean age 62...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Kavin Khatri, Vijay Sharma, Kamran Farooque, Vivek Tiwari
BACKGROUND: Unstable distal end radius fractures are difficult to manage and so various treatment modalities have been described. The use of variable-angle locking plates is promoted for the management of these fractures. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the functional and radiological outcomes in unstable distal end radius fractures treated with variable-angle locking plates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed 23 unstable distal end radius fractures that were treated at our institution with volar variable-angle locking plates...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
George C Balazs, Theodora C Dworak, Jordan Tropf, George P Nanos, Scott M Tintle
PURPOSE: To identify the incidence and demographic factors associated with volar wrist ganglia in both military and civilian beneficiary populations. METHODS: The U.S. Department of Defense Management Analysis and Reporting Tool (M2) accesses a comprehensive database of all health care visits by military personnel and their dependents. Because there is no specific code for ganglions of the wrist, the database was searched for all military personnel and civilian beneficiaries with an International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, diagnosis of 727...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
Parham Daneshvar, Ryan Willing, Markian Pahuta, Ruby Grewal, Graham J W King
PURPOSE: Using a novel technique, we assess and describe the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) anatomy. The purpose of this study was to provide the anatomic dimensions of the DRUJ and to evaluate contralateral symmetry. METHODS: Computed tomography images of 100 cadaveric forearms were obtained. Three-dimensional models of the radius and ulna were generated and evaluated using 3-dimensional modeling software. Measurements of the radius of curvature of the sigmoid notch (SN) and ulnar head (UH), as well as the length of the SN and volar and dorsal lips were performed in the axial and coronal sequences...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
Emil Babić, Milenko Bevanda, Mladen Mimica, Maja Karin, Mile Volarić, Ante Bogut, Tatjana Barišić, Danijel Pravdić, Nikica Šutalo
AIM: To explore the prevalence of amebiasis in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, in patients in Clinical hospital Mostar (Bosnia and Herzegovina, region of Herzegovina). METHODS: In this study, Entamoeba histolytica/dispar prevalence was investigated in fresh faeces by native microscopy and immunochromatographic rapid assay "RIDA(®)QUICK Entamoeba test", in 119 cases of new found IBD patients, 84 of ulcerative colitis and 35 of Crohn's disease and in control group who had also 119 patients who didn't have any gastrointestinal complaints...
2016: SpringerPlus
Sung Ho Jang, Woo Hyuk Jang
There have been no studies reported on the difference in cortical activation during use of volar and dorsal hand splints. We attempted to investigate the difference in cortical activation in the somatosensory cortical area during use of volar and dorsal hand splints by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). We recruited eight healthy volunteers. fMRI was performed while subjects who were fitted with volar or dorsal hand splints performed grasp-release movements. Regions of interest were placed on the primary motor cortex (M1), primary somatosensory cortex (S1), posterior parietal cortex (PPC), and secondary somatosensory cortex (S2)...
August 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
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