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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224247/cortisol-and-blood-pressure-levels-decreased-in-fathers-during-the-first-hour-of-skin-to-skin-contact-with-their-premature-babies
#1
Natalia Varela, Réjean Tessier, George Tarabulsy, Tamarha Pierce
AIM: Premature birth is an extremely stressful experience. In 2013 to 2014 we explored the physiological stress responses of fathers during their first skin-to-skin contact with their new baby. METHODS: We recruited 49 fathers whose partners had given birth to a premature baby of up to 33 weeks and three days. The study, in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a Quebec hospital, measured the physiological stress responses of the fathers before and after they first experienced skin-to-skin contact with their new baby...
December 9, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224241/cost-effectiveness-of-bariatric-surgery-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity-in-the-uk
#2
M Panca, R M Viner, B White, T Pandya, H Melo, M Adamo, R Batterham, D Christie, S Kinra, S Morris
Evidence shows that surgery for severe obesity in adults improves health and psychological functioning, and is cost-effective. Data on bariatric surgery for adolescents with severe obesity are extremely limited, with no evidence on cost-effectiveness. We evaluated the lifetime cost-effectiveness of bariatric surgery compared with no surgery in adolescents with severe obesity from the UK's National Health Service perspective. Eighteen adolescents with body mass index ≥40 kg m-2 who underwent bariatric surgery (laparoscopic Roux en Y Gastric Bypass [RYGB] [N = 9], and laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy [SG] [N = 9]) at University College London Hospitals between January 2008 and December 2013 were included...
December 10, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224223/altering-the-school-breakfast-environment-reduces-barriers-to-school-breakfast-participation-among-diverse-rural-youth
#3
Mary O Hearst, Amy Shanafelt, Qi Wang, Robert Leduc, Marilyn S Nanney
BACKGROUND: The purpose is to determine if altering school breakfast policies and the school breakfast environment will positively impact adolescent beliefs of the barriers and benefits of eating breakfast. METHODS: There were 904 adolescents from 16 rural high schools, Minnesota, in the BreakFAST Study who reported eating breakfast fewer than 4 times per week at baseline. Schools were randomized to intervention (N = 8 schools) or delayed intervention (N = 8) condition...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224222/chronic-pain-in-the-school-setting-the-teachers-point-of-view
#4
Ester Solé, Elena Castarlenas, Elisabet Sánchez-Rodríguez, Santiago Galán, Rocío de la Vega, Mark P Jensen, Jordi Miró
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to (1) examine the reactions of teachers and student teachers to children experiencing pain, (2) identify the most common challenges and potential resources that are associated to dealing with them, and (3) examine whether their responses differed as a function of their experience or sex. METHODS: Forty teachers and 318 student teachers completed a survey which included descriptive information, a questionnaire that assesses different responses of participants to children who experience pain, and provides a list of problems and resources that participants might encounter and implement, respectively, when dealing with these children...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224196/diagnostic-accuracy-of-posterior-cervical-angle-and-cervical-length-in-the-prediction-of-successful-induction-of-labor
#5
Akram M Al-Adwy, Sherin M Sobh, Doaa S Belal, Eman F Omran, Amr Hassan, Ahmed H Saad, Mai M Afifi, Adel M Nada
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of the posterior cervical angle (PCA) compared with the cervical length and the Bishop score in predicting the outcome of induction of labor (IOL). METHODS: The present prospective observational study included IOL candidates who had their PCA and cervical length assessed by transvaginal ultrasonography and the Bishop score at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Kasr El-Aini Hospital, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt, between April 1 and July 31, 2017...
December 10, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224192/short-term-outcomes-of-arthroscopic-tightrope%C3%A2-fixation-are-better-than-hook-plate-fixation-in-acute-unstable-acromioclavicular-joint-dislocations
#6
Hamid Rahmatullah Bin Abd Razak, Eng-Meng Nicholas Yeo, William Yeo, Tijauw-Tjoen Denny Lie
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the short-term outcomes of arthroscopic TightRope® fixation with that of hook plate fixation in patients with acute unstable acromioclavicular joint dislocations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective case-control study of twenty-six patients with an acute ACJ dislocation who underwent surgical repair with either an arthroscopic TightRope® fixation or a hook plate from 2013 to 2016. Clinical and radiological data were collected prospectively...
December 9, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224190/metabolic-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-in-obese-individuals
#7
REVIEW
David E Cummings, Francesco Rubino
Several bariatric operations originally designed to promote weight loss have been found to powerfully treat type 2 diabetes, causing remission in most cases, through diverse mechanisms additional to the secondary consequences of weight loss. These observations have prompted consideration of such operations as 'metabolic surgery', used expressly to treat diabetes, including among patients who are only mildly obese or merely overweight. Large, long-term observational studies consistently demonstrate that bariatric/metabolic surgery is associated with reductions in all cardiovascular risk factors, actual cardiovascular events, microvascular diabetes complications, cancer and death...
December 9, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224186/secondhand-smoke-is-associated-with-heavy-metal-concentrations-in-children
#8
Li Li, Li Guo, Xingjie Chen, Mingli Xiang, Fang Yang, Jing-Chao Ren, Guang-Hui Zhang
Secondhand smoke (SHS) has adverse effects on health, particularly for children. Our purpose was to analyze the correlation between SHS exposure and heavy metal concentrations in children. The investigation was conducted in Xinxiang County, Henan Province, China, from August 2015 to December 2015. In total, 821 students (433 boys and 388 girls) were recruited, and the contents of heavy metals in their hair-including chromium, manganese, nickel, arsenic, lead, and cadmium-were detected by ICP-MS. The children's parents were informed, and a questionnaire was conducted, which included questions about smoking habits and demographic characteristics...
December 9, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224177/thinking-about-one-s-own-death-after-prostate-cancer-diagnosis
#9
Thordis K Thorsteinsdottir, Heiddis Valdimarsdottir, Johan Stranne, Ulrica Wilderäng, Eva Haglind, Gunnar Steineck
BACKGROUND: Prostate-cancer diagnosis increases the risk for psychiatric morbidity and suicide. Thoughts about one's own death could indicate need for psychiatric care among men with localized prostate cancer. We studied the prevalence and predictors of thoughts about own death among men with prostate cancer. METHODS: Of the 3930 men in the prospective, multi-centre LAPPRO-trial, having radical prostatectomy, 3154 (80%) answered two study-specific questionnaires, before and three months after surgery...
December 9, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224135/serum-ferritin-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-epidemiological-study
#10
Elin H Thorarinsdottir, Erna S Arnardottir, Bryndis Benediktsdottir, Christer Janson, Isleifur Olafsson, Allan I Pack, Thorarinn Gislason, Brendan T Keenan
PURPOSE: Ferritin is an intracellular iron storage protein and a marker of inflammation. Studies have shown that subjects with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have higher levels of circulating pro-inflammatory cytokines, but little is known about the association between ferritin and OSA. The aims of the study were to evaluate serum ferritin (S-Ferritin) levels in OSA patients compared to levels in the general population and also examine the effect of obesity level and treatment with positive airway pressure (PAP) on S-Ferritin levels...
December 9, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224127/defining-and-characterizing-sustained-remission-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#11
Jeffrey R Curtis, Mona Trivedi, Boulos Haraoui, Paul Emery, Grace S Park, David H Collier, Girish A Aras, James Chung
The objective of this study is to characterize stability and clinical features of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in sustained remission. Combination therapy with methotrexate and tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) has increased remission rates in RA but optimal regimens to maintain remission are unknown. We describe Study of Etanercept And Methotrexate in Combination or as Monotherapy in Subjects with Rheumatoid Arthritis (SEAM-RA) and data from a run-in period of longitudinal observation. Patients in Simplified Disease Activity Index (SDAI) remission (score ≤ 3...
December 9, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224122/overfeed-the-bold-starve-the-cowardly-a-legend-or-reality
#12
Yanling Bi, Zhoulei Xiang, Shu Li, Baoshan Zhang
Although the negative effects of overconfidence are more likely to be mentioned in the literature, some researchers have argued that the benefits of overconfidence may outweigh its costs. We attempted to explore the positive effects of overconfidence in competitive situations. We had participants compete against fake opponents who were overconfident and then measured their competitive performance in two studies. In Study 1 we examined the effects of overconfidence on competitive performance in a competitive situation and the possible mechanism for this overconfidence...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224085/aphasia-and-cognitive-impairment-decrease-the-reliability-of-rntms-language-mapping
#13
Vera Schwarzer, Ina Bährend, Tizian Rosenstock, Felix R Dreyer, Peter Vajkoczy, Thomas Picht
BACKGROUND: Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) is a non-invasive mapping tool to locate functional areas of the brain. While gaining importance in the preoperative planning process in motor eloquent regions, its usefulness for reliably identifying language areas is still being discussed. The aim of this study was to identify biometric factors which might influence and therefore bias the results of repetitive nTMS (rnTMS) over cortex areas relevant for language. METHOD: We included data of 101 patients with language eloquent brain lesions who underwent preoperative rnTMS examination bihemispherically...
December 9, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224060/differences-between-osteoradionecrosis-and-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#14
Masaya Akashi, Satoshi Wanifuchi, Eiji Iwata, Daisuke Takeda, Junya Kusumoto, Shungo Furudoi, Takahide Komori
PURPOSE: The appearance of osteoradionecrosis (ORN) and medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is similar, but clinically important differences between ORN and MRONJ exist. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical data between ORN and MRONJ and to reveal the critical differences between these diseases. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the epidemiological data, clinical findings, and treatment in 27 ORN and 61 MRONJ patients. Radiographic signs before the initiation of treatment were also assessed...
December 9, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224045/association-of-adolescent-and-caregiver-reported-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-with-hiv-viral-load-among-perinatally-infected-south-african-adolescents
#15
Kirsty Brittain, Nana Akua Asafu-Agyei, Jacqueline Hoare, Linda-Gail Bekker, Helena Rabie, James Nuttall, Paul Roux, Dan J Stein, Heather J Zar, Landon Myer
Accurate measurement of antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence remains challenging and there are few data assessing the validity of self-reported adherence among perinatally HIV-infected adolescents. We examined adolescent and caregiver reports of adolescent adherence among perinatally-infected adolescents aged 9-14 years in Cape Town, South Africa, and explored factors that may modify associations between reported adherence and elevated viral load (VL). Among 474 adolescents (median age 12.0 years; median duration of ART use 7...
December 9, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224042/association-between-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-and-serum-aminotransferases-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#16
Li-Da Chen, Liang-Ji Zhang, Xue-Jun Lin, Jia-Chao Qi, Hao Li, Zhi Wu, Qiao-Zhen Xu, Ya-Ping Huang, Li Lin
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been suggested to be a potential contributing factor for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Studies on the association between continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and NAFLD in OSA patients are limited and controversial. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between OSA and NAFLD and the effect of CPAP therapy on serum aminotransferase levels in OSA patients. METHODS: A total of 160 consecutive patients who underwent standard polysomnography were enrolled...
December 9, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224027/a-clinical-scoring-system-for-diagnosis-of-ocular-demodicosis
#17
Oktay Alver, Sertaç Argun Kıvanç, Berna Akova Budak, Nazmiye Ülkü Tüzemen, Beyza Ener, Ahmet Tuncer Özmen
BACKGROUND Demodex may cause chronic and refractory blepharitis with associated ocular surface problems, and its diagnosis and treatment can be quite challenging. In this study, our aim was to assess the efficacy of tea tree oil in Demodex treatment on caucasian patients in an industrialized region of Turkey, and to develop a systematic scoring system for extremely accurate diagnosis in the absence of advanced facilities. MATERIAL AND METHODS Charts of 412 patients with blepharitis were reviewed. A group of 39 out of 412 cases were identified as chronic and treatment-refractory, and therefore were enrolled in this study...
December 10, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223987/radiosurgery-for-brain-metastases-changing-practice-patterns-and-disparities-in-the-united-states
#18
Benjamin H Kann, Henry S Park, Skyler B Johnson, Veronica L Chiang, James B Yu
Background: Management of brain metastases typically includes radiotherapy (RT) with conventional fractionation and/or stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). However, optimal indications and practice patterns for SRS remain unclear. We sought to evaluate national practice patterns for patients with metastatic disease receiving brain RT. Methods: We queried the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) for patients diagnosed with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, or melanoma from 2004 to 2014 who received upfront brain RT...
December 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223982/pazopanib-sensitivity-in-a-patient-with-breast-cancer-and-fgfr1-amplification
#19
Fiona Tsui-Fen Cheng, Fu Ou-Yang, Nina Lapke, Kai-Che Tung, Yen-Kung Chen, Yuh-Yu Chou, Shu-Jen Chen
Treatment options for patients with hormone receptor-positive (HR+), HER2-negative (HER2-) breast cancer and resistance to endocrine therapy remain limited. An interesting therapeutic target in these patients is fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1). FGFR1 is amplified in approximately 11% of patients with breast cancer, especially those with HR+ disease. This report presents a patient with metastatic HR+ HER2- breast cancer harboring an FGFR1 amplification who was resistant to endocrine therapy but responded to pazopanib, a multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitor with FGFR-inhibiting activity...
December 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223975/auras-and-the-risk-of-seizures-with-impaired-consciousness-following-epilepsy-surgery-implications-for-driving
#20
Sam Fairclough, Aidan G O'Keeffe, Jane de Tisi, John S Duncan
OBJECTIVE: To calculate the chance of a seizure in the next year (COSY) for seizures with impaired awareness in those experiencing auras only, those with no seizures and those with continuing seizures. Epilepsy surgery is an effective treatment for refractory focal epilepsy. Driving is an important factor affecting quality of life. In the UK, driving is not permitted if focal seizures with no impairment of awareness (auras, simple partial seizures) continue, if there is a prior history of seizures with impaired awareness, as will invariably be the case in those having epilepsy surgery...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
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