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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679954/are-changes-in-drinking-related-to-changes-in-cannabis-use-among-swedish-adolescents-a-time-series-analysis-for-the-period-1989-2016
#1
Isabella Gripe, Anna-Karin Danielsson, Mats Ramstedt
AIMS: To examine if changes in alcohol consumption are associated with changes in cannabis use among Swedish adolescents in a period of diverging trends, and to investigate if cannabis and alcohol act as complements or substitutes. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND MEASUREMENTS: Data comprise a nationally representative annual school survey of alcohol and drug habits among Swedish 9th grade students (15-16 years) covering the years 1989-2016 (n=149 603). Alcohol and cannabis use were measured concurrently and alcohol consumption was measured in liters of 100% alcohol per year...
April 21, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679952/injuries-to-cyclists-due-to-a-dog-bicycle-interaction
#2
Randall T Loder, Alan P Yaacoub
BACKGROUND:  Both dogs and bicycles are common in our society and thus a dog-bicycle interaction resulting in an injury to a cyclist is possible. It was the purpose of this study to investigate such injuries. METHODS:  The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) data for the 10-year period from 2006 through 2015 associated with bicycles were accessed. Injuries involving dogs were identified and the mechanism of injury determined. Due to the stratified and weighted nature of the NEISS data, statistical analyses were performed with SUDAAN 10 software (RTI International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States)...
April 21, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679936/controversies-in-monitoring-metastatic-breast-cancer-during-systemic-treatment-results-of-a-gim-gruppo-italiano-mammella-survey
#3
Bonotto Marta, Basile Debora, Gerratana Lorenzo, Pelizzari Giacomo, Bartoletti Michele, Vitale Maria Grazia, Fanotto Valentina, Lisanti Camilla, Mansutti Mauro, Minisini Alessandro Marco, Aprile Giuseppe, De Laurentiis Michele, Montemurro Filippo, Del Mastro Lucia, Puglisi Fabio
BACKGROUND: The optimal strategy for monitoring metastatic breast cancer (M-MBC) is unclear. Nevertheless, M-MBC influences patient's quality of life and it affects the use of resources in terms of both drugs and diagnostic exam prescription. We aim to disclose oncologists' approach on M-MBC, identifying controversial areas. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was conducted among GIM members who, based on their on-field experience, shared their own method for M-MBC planning...
April 18, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679924/military-status-and-alcohol-problems-former-soldiers-may-be-at-greater-risk
#4
Bonnie M Vest, D Lynn Homish, Jennifer Fillo, Gregory G Homish
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to explore differences in alcohol problems as a function of military status (current soldier, previous soldier and civilian spouses), and the possible interaction between sex and military status. We hypothesized that 1) soldiers would be at greater risk for alcohol problems than civilian spouses, and 2) former soldiers would be at greater risk compared to current soldiers. METHODS: Data were drawn from Operation: SAFETY, a longitudinal study examining physical and mental health among U...
April 13, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679923/testing-a-motivational-model-of-delivery-modality-and-incentives-on-participation-in-a-brief-alcohol-intervention
#5
Clayton Neighbors, Lindsey M Rodriguez, Lorra Garey, Mary M Tomkins
OBJECTIVES: The current research evaluated delivery modality and incentive as factors affecting recruitment into a personalized normative feedback (PNF) alcohol intervention for heavy drinking college students. We also evaluated whether these factors were differentially associated with participation based on relevance of the intervention (via participants' drinking levels). METHOD: College students aged 18-26 who endorsed at least one heavy drinking episode and one alcohol-related consequence in the past month (N = 2059; 59...
March 28, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679920/optimizing-text-for-an-individual-s-visual-system-the-contribution-of-visual-crowding-to-reading-difficulties
#6
Sung Jun Joo, Alex L White, Douglas J Strodtman, Jason D Yeatman
Reading is a complex process that involves low-level visual processing, phonological processing, and higher-level semantic processing. Given that skilled reading requires integrating information among these different systems, it is likely that reading difficulty-known as dyslexia-can emerge from impairments at any stage of the reading circuitry. To understand contributing factors to reading difficulties within individuals, it is necessary to diagnose the function of each component of the reading circuitry. Here, we investigated whether adults with dyslexia who have impairments in visual processing respond to a visual manipulation specifically targeting their impairment...
March 23, 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679913/the-relation-between-gray-matter-volume-and-the-use-of-alcohol-tobacco-cocaine-and-cannabis-in-male-polysubstance-users
#7
A M Kaag, M H J Schulte, J M Jansen, G van Wingen, J Homberg, W van den Brink, R W Wiers, L Schmaal, A E Goudriaan, L Reneman
BACKGROUND: Neuroimaging studies have demonstrated gray matter (GM) volume abnormalities in substance users. While the majority of substance users are polysubstance users, very little is known about the relation between GM volume abnormalities and polysubstance use. METHODS: In this study we assessed the relation between GM volume, and the use of alcohol, tobacco, cocaine and cannabis as well as the total number of substances used, in a sample of 169 males: 15 non-substance users, 89 moderate drinkers, 27 moderate drinkers who also smoke tobacco, 13 moderate drinkers who also smoke tobacco and use cocaine, 10 heavy drinkers who smoke tobacco and use cocaine and 15 heavy drinkers who smoke tobacco, cannabis and use cocaine...
April 15, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679896/treatment-as-usual-tau-as-a-control-condition-in-trials-of-cognitive-behavioural-based-psychotherapy-for-self-harm-impact-of-content-and-quality-on-outcomes-in-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Katrina Witt, Daniela Pache de Moraes, Tatiana Taylor Salisbury, Ella Aren S Man, David Gunnell, Philip Hazell, Ellen Townsend, Kees van Heeringen, Keith Hawton
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the mainstay of evaluations of the efficacy of psychosocial interventions. In a recent Cochrane systematic review we analysed the efficacy of cognitive behavioural-based psychotherapies compared to treatment as usual (TAU) in adults who self-harm. In this study we examine the content and reporting quality of TAU in these trials and their relationship to outcomes. METHODS: Five electronic databases (CCDANCTR-Studies and References, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsycINFO) were searched for RCTs, indexed between 1 January 1998 and 30 April 2015, of cognitive-behavioural interventions compared to TAU for adults following a recent (within six months) episode of self-harm...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679891/removal-of-arsenic-and-mercury-species-from-water-by-covalent-triazine-framework-encapsulated-%C3%AE-fe-2-o-3-nanoparticles
#9
Karen Leus, Karel Folens, Nina Ricci Nicomel, Jeffrey Paulo H Perez, Maria Filippousi, Maria Meledina, Marinela M Dîrtu, Stuart Turner, Gustaaf Van Tendeloo, Yann Garcia, Gijs Du Laing, Pascal Van Der Voort
The covalent triazine framework, CTF-1, served as host material for the in situ synthesis of Fe2 O3 nanoparticles. The composite material consisted of 20 ± 2 m% iron, mainly in γ-Fe2 O3 phase. The resulting γ-Fe2 O3 @CTF-1 was examined for the adsorption of AsIII , AsV and HgII from synthetic solutions and real surface-, ground- and wastewater. The material shows excellent removal efficiencies, independent from the presence of Ca2+ , Mg2+ or natural organic matter and only limited dependency on the presence of phosphate ions...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679878/modeling-of-intracerebral-interictal-epileptic-discharges-evidence-for-network-interactions
#10
Stephan Meesters, Pauly Ossenblok, Albert Colon, Louis Wagner, Olaf Schijns, Paul Boon, Luc Florack, Andrea Fuster
OBJECTIVE: The interictal epileptic discharges (IEDs) occurring in stereotactic EEG (SEEG) recordings are in general abundant compared to ictal discharges, but difficult to interpret due to complex underlying network interactions. A framework is developed to model these network interactions. METHODS: To identify the synchronized neuronal activity underlying the IEDs, the variation in correlation over time of the SEEG signals is related to the occurrence of IEDs using the general linear model...
April 11, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679862/a-small-scale-study-investigating-staff-and-student-perceptions-of-the-barriers-to-a-preventative-approach-for-adolescent-self-harm-in-secondary-schools-in-wales-a-grounded-theory-model-of-stigma
#11
Rachel Parker
OBJECTIVES: Grounded theory analysis of secondary school staff and pupil perceptions about the barriers to preventative work for adolescent self-harm within the secondary school setting in Wales. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative and grounded theory. METHODS: Two secondary schools in Wales were purposefully sampled for variation. Four group interviews took place using qualitative research methods (Participatory Rapid Appraisal) with six school-based professionals and six students aged more than 16 years...
April 18, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679820/joy-guilt-and-disappointment-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-the-experiences-of-women-transferred-from-midwifery-led-to-consultant-led-care
#12
Patricia Larkin
BACKGROUND: Irish maternity services are predominantly medicalised and consultant led, therefore women who choose midwifery led care (MLC) do so in the context of limited birth choices. Transfers to consultant led unit (CLU) for consultant led care (CLC) can be unpredictable and can affect women's birth experiences. This study provides an in-depth exploration of women's experiences of transfer fromMLC to CLC during late pregnancy or labour. METHODS: Transfer experiences are explored through qualitative explorative in-depth interviews using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA)...
April 11, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679815/dual-docking-robotic-surgical-staging-for-high-risk-endometrial-cancer
#13
Cécile Loaec, Anne-Sophie Bats, Charlotte Ngo, Caroline Cornou, Léa Rossi, Chérazade Bensaid, Claude Nos, Fabrice Lecuru
OBJECTIVE: The standard of care for patients with high intermediate and high risk endometrial cancer is surgical staging including total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy. Over the past decade, laparoscopic or robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery has showed many benefits in the management of endometrial cancer. Few studies have specifically assessed the use of minimally invasive surgery for staging of high risk endometrial cancer...
April 16, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679814/prediction-of-recurrent-ectopic-pregnancy-a-five-year-follow-up-cohort-study
#14
Mohamed Ellaithy, Mufareh Asiri, Ahmed Rateb, Ahmed Altraigey, Khaled Abdallah
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of different clinical risk factors in the prediction of recurrent ectopic pregnancies (REP). STUDY DESIGN: This cohort study was carried out at a tertiary-care maternity hospital in Saudi Arabia, between January 2010 and June 2017. All women with a primary ectopic pregnancy (EP) were consecutively recruited, thoroughly assessed and followed up for a minimum duration of five-years (5.6 ± 0.61 years) to diagnose the nature and location of the subsequent pregnancies...
April 10, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679811/hepatitis-c-care-continuum-and-associated-barriers-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-chennai-india
#15
Eshan U Patel, Sunil S Solomon, Allison M Mcfall, Aylur K Srikrishnan, Amrose Pradeep, Paneerselvam Nandagopal, Oliver Laeyendecker, Aaron A R Tobian, David L Thomas, Mark S Sulkowski, M Suresh Kumar, Shruti H Mehta
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding barriers to hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment among people who inject drugs (PWID) in low-resource settings, particularly in the era of direct-acting antiviral therapies. METHODS: Between March, 2015-August, 2016, a cross-sectional survey was administered to community-based PWID in Chennai, India to examine the HCV care continuum and associated barriers. Adjusted prevalence ratios (APR) were estimated by multivariable Poisson regression with robust variance...
April 18, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679772/efficacy-of-cidofovir-in-treatment-of-bk-virus-induced-hemorrhagic-cystitis-in-post-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-recipients
#16
Eric A Coomes, Amanda Jacques Wolfe, Fotios V Michelis, Dennis Dong-Hwong Kim, Santhosh Thyagu, Auro Viswabandya, Jeffrey H Lipton, Hans A Messner, Uday Deotare
BACKGROUND: BK virus associated hemorrhagic cystitis (BK-HC) is a common complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT), with incidence up to 70%. Cidofovir is an antiviral agent with growing evidence as a therapeutic intervention. OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety profile and efficacy of intravenous and intravesical cidofovir in allo-HCT patients with BK-HC. METHODS: Retrospective study of the allo-HCT cohort who received cidofovir for symptomatic BK-HC (hematuria with BK viruria or viremia) from January 2010 until March 2017 in a single transplant center in Ontario, Canada...
April 18, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679771/extracorporeal-photopheresis-improves-survival-in-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-patients-with-bronchiolitis-obliterans-syndrome-without-significantly-impacting-measured-pulmonary-functions
#17
Mehrdad Hefazi, Kimberly J Langer, Nandita Khera, Jill Adamski, Vivek Roy, Jeffrey L Winters, Dennis A Gastineau, Eapen K Jacob, Justin D Kreuter, Manish J Gandhi, William J Hogan, Mark R Litzow, Shahrukh K Hashmi, Hemang Yadav, Vivek N Iyer, J P Scott, Mark E Wylam, Rodrigo Cartin-Ceba, Mrinal M Patnaik
We carried out the first matched retrospective cohort study aimed at studying the safety and efficacy of extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) for bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) following allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Medical records of 1325 consecutive adult patients who underwent HCT between 2005 and 2015 were reviewed. Seventy-four patients (median age, 51 years) with a diagnosis of BOS were included in the study. After propensity-score matching for BOS severity, 26 patients who underwent ≥3 months of ECP were matched to 26 non-ECP-treated patients, who were assigned an index date corresponding to the ECP start date for their matched pairs...
April 18, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679749/matching-adjusted-comparisons-demonstrate-better-clinical-outcomes-with-sc-peginterferon-beta-1a-every-two-weeks-than-with-sc-interferon-beta-1a-three-times-per-week
#18
Patricia K Coyle, Shulian Shang, Zhen Xiao, Qunming Dong, Carmen Castrillo-Viguera
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous (SC) peginterferon beta-1a and SC interferon beta-1a (IFN beta-1a) have demonstrated efficacy in treating relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) but have never been compared in direct head-to-head clinical trials, the gold-standard comparison. A well-balanced matching-adjusted comparison of weighted individual patient data on SC peginterferon beta-1a, and aggregate data from published phase 3 clinical trials of SC IFN beta-1a, was conducted to provide additional information on the comparative efficacy of these two agents...
February 18, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679730/stand-alone-lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-adjacent-segment-degeneration-following-previous-lumbar-fusion
#19
Philip K Louie, Arya G Varthi, Ankur S Narain, Victor Lei, Daniel D Bohl, Grant D Shifflett, Frank M Phillips
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Revision posterior decompression and fusion for patients with symptomatic ASD is associated with significant morbidity and is technically challenging. The use of a stand-alone LLIF in patients with symptomatic ASD may avoid many of the complications associated with revision posterior surgery. PURPOSE: To assess the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients who underwent stand-alone lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) for symptomatic adjacent segment disease (ASD)...
April 18, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679727/the-influence-of-hand-grip-strength-on-surgical-outcomes-after-surgery-for-degenerative-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-a-preliminary-result
#20
Feng Shen, Ho-Joong Kim, Na-Kyoung Lee, Heoung-Jae Chun, Bong-Soon Chang, Choon-Ki Lee, Jin S Yeom
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Although a number of prognostic factors have been demonstrated to be associated with surgical outcome of degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (DLSS), no study has investigated the relation between hand grip strength (HGS) and treatment outcome of DLSS. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of HGS on surgical outcomes after surgery for patients with DLSS. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study PATIENT SAMPLE: Patients who underwent spine surgery for DLSS...
April 18, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
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