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Chenhao Gong, Gang Shen, Haiou Huang, Peiran He, Zhongguo Zhang, Baoqing Ma
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are an important class of water pollutants because of their known ecological and human toxicity. Electrocoagulation (EC) is a promising technology for mitigating industrial wastewater pollution, but the removal and transformation of PAHs during EC treatment has not yet been understood. Therefore, a paper-making wastewater effluent (PMWW) was employed in this study to investigate the relationship between PAHs' removal and transformation during EC treatment. The results show that 86% of PAHs were effectively removed not only by the electro-oxidation reactions, but also by adsorption onto Fe hydroxide flocs...
October 21, 2016: Chemosphere
Abhijeet B Shelke, Rajeev Menon, Anuj Kapadiya, Sachin Yalagudri, Daljeet Saggu, Sandeep Nair, C Narasimhan
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol septal ablation (ASA) is a therapeutic alternative to surgical myectomy in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). However, the anatomical variability of the septal branch, risk of complete heart block, and late onset ventricular arrhythmias are limitations to its therapeutic usage. There is recent interest in the use of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) as a therapeutic option in HOCM. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of RFCA in the treatment of symptomatic HOCM...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Jie Sun, Jing Wang, Rui Zhang, Dongyang Wei, Qin Long, Yu Huang, Xianchuan Xie, Aimin Li
In this study, secondary effluent from the Wulongkou (WLK) municipal wastewater plant (Zhengzhou, China) was tested for its toxicity effects before and after five advanced treatment processes (ATPs, i.e. coagulation sedimentation, nan da magnetic polyacrylic anion exchange resin (NDMP) resin adsorption, activated carbon adsorption, ozonation and electro-adsorption). Results showed that estrogen disruption effects (EDEs) were particularly significant for the raw secondary effluent among the studied dioxin-like toxicity effect, androgenic/anti-androgenic response effect, EDEs, and genotoxicity effect...
October 20, 2016: Chemosphere
Shu-Zi Zheng, Da-Guan Zhang, Hao Wu, Li-Jia Jiang, Jie Jin, Xiu-Qing Lin, Ran Ding, Yi Jiang
There is now growing evidence suggesting that Vitamin D is playing a critical role in modulating the innate and adaptive immune responses. Several polymorphisms have been identified in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene but their association with ulcerative colitis (UC) susceptibility remained controversy. In the current study, we examined the association between VDR polymorphisms and serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] with UC in Chinese Han population. Polymorphisms of FokI (rs2228570)/BsmI (rs1544410)/ApaI (rs7975232)/TaqI (rs731236) in the VDR gene were assessed in a case-control study comprising 404 UC patients and 612 controls...
October 19, 2016: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
Nannan Wang, Ronghua Dai, Weihui Wang, Yan Peng, Xiaoning Zhao, Kaishun Bi
To evaluate the potential relationship between rheumatoid arthritis and arachidonic acid (AA) metabonomics via cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase (LOX) pathways, a UPLC-MS/MS method has been developed and validated for simultaneous and quantitative profiling of eicosanoid metabolome in rat plasma. The analytes were extracted from plasma samples by protein precipitation procedure, and then separated on a Shim-pack XR-ODS column with mobile phase A (0.05% formic acid in water, pH=3.3 adjusted with dilute ammonium hydroxide) and mobile phase B [methanol: acetonitrile (20:80, v/v)]...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Mikio Fukuhara, Tomoyuki Kuroda, Fumihiko Hasegawa
The electric capacitance of an amorphous TiO2-x surface increases proportionally to the negative sixth power of the convex diameter d. This occurs because of the van der Waals attraction on the amorphous surface of up to 7 mF/cm(2), accompanied by extreme enhanced electron trapping resulting from both the quantum-size effect and an offset effect from positive charges at oxygen-vacancy sites. Here we show that a supercapacitor, constructed with a distributed constant-equipment circuit of large resistance and small capacitance on the amorphous TiO2-x surface, illuminated a red LED for 37 ms after it was charged with 1 mA at 10 V...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jiancheng Shu, Renlong Liu, Zuohua Liu, Hongliang Chen, Changyuan Tao
In this study, an improved process for leaching manganese from electrolytic manganese residue (EMR) by electro-reduction was developed. The mechanisms of the electro-reduction leaching were investigated through X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray fluorescence, and Brunauer Emmett Teller. The results show that the electric field could change the surface charge distribution of EMR particles, and the high-valent manganese can be reduced by electric field. The leaching efficient of manganese reached 84...
October 21, 2016: Environmental Technology
Chuanguang Yao, Hongxin Song, Ying Wan, Kefeng Ma, Chenyu Zheng, Hongda Cui, Peng Xin, Xubo Ji, Sheng-Yuan Deng
A porphyrin-based electro-photodynamic imaging system was fabricated for monitoring the concentration of oxygen. Distinct from the electrochemiluminescent (ECL) inability of numerous organic species in aqueous solutions, a strong and stable red irradiation at 634 nm could be stimulated electrochemically on zinc(II) meso-tetra(4-carboxyphenyl) porphine (ZnTCPP)/tetraoctylammonium bromide (TOAB) in the physiological condition. In terms of in situ electron paramagnetic resonance and ECL spectroscopies, the nature of ECL was thoroughly investigated, being exactly the chemiluminescence from singlet oxygen (1O2) produced during the successive electro-reduction of ZnTCPP...
October 20, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Noortje H Rijken, Remko Soer, Ewold de Maar, Hilco Prins, Wouter B Teeuw, Jan Peuscher, Frits G J Oosterveld
The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the effects of an intervention consisting of mental coaching combined with either electro encephalogram (EEG) alpha power feedback or heart rate variability (HRV) feedback on HRV, EEG outcomes and self-reported factors related to stress, performance, recovery and sleep quality in elite athletes. A prospective pilot study was performed with two distinct cohorts. Soccer players were provided with four sessions of mental coaching combined with daily HRV biofeedback (Group A); track and field athletes were provided with four sessions of mental coaching in combination with daily neurofeedback (Group B)...
October 19, 2016: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Xiuting Li, Hannah Hodson, Christopher Batchelor-McAuley, Lidong Shao, Richard G Compton
The oxidations of formate and methanol on nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes decorated with palladium nanoparticles were studied at both the single-nanotube and ensemble levels. Significant voltammetric differences were seen. Pd oxide formation as a competitive reaction with formate or methanol oxidation is significantly inhibited at high overpotentials under the high mass transport conditions associated with single-particle materials in comparison with that seen with ensembles, where slower diffusion prevails...
October 7, 2016: ACS Catalysis
Anelia V Bivolarska, Ana I Maneva, Penka D Gatseva, Mariana N Katsarova
AIM: To find correlations between high thiocyanate and nitrate levels and low selenium levels and the indicators of the iodine and iron status of postpartum women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 41 mothers aged 26.4±5.9 yrs from Asenovgrad and nearby villages. Urinary iodine was determined by the Sandell-Kolthoff reaction and thiocyanate - by the interaction of these ions with acidic solution of KMnO4; for serum nitrates we used the colorimetric method; serum selenium was assessed by electro-thermal atomic-absorption spectrophotometry; thyroxin (FT4), the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), serum ferritin (SF), and serum transferrin receptor (sTfR) were determined using ELISA; Hb levels were determined by hematology analyzer...
September 1, 2016: Folia Medica
Robson Azevedo Dutra, Adriana Cartafina Perez Boscollo
Background: The anorectal anomalies consist in a complex group of birth defects. Laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty improved visualization of the rectal fistula and the ability to place the pull-through segment within the elevator muscle complex with minimal dissection. There is no consensus on how the fistula should be managed. Aim: To evaluate the laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty and the treatment of the rectal urinary fistula by a bipolar sealing device...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Zongshi Qin, Jiani Wu, Jinhui Tian, Jing Zhou, Yali Liu, Zhishun Liu
Alpha-blockers and antibiotics are most commonly used to treat chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) in clinical practice. Currently, increasing evidence also suggests acupuncture as an effective strategy. This network meta-analysis intended to assess the comparative efficacy and safety of acupuncture, alpha-blockers and antibiotics for CP/CPPS. Twelve trials involving 1203 participants were included. Based on decreases in the National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) score, a network meta-analysis indicated that electro-acupuncture (standard mean difference [SMD]: 4...
October 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
M Jasmin Fathi Jasni, Palanivel Sathishkumar, Sundaram Sornambikai, Abdull Rahim Mohd Yusoff, Fuad Ameen, Nor Aziah Buang, Mohammed Rafiq Abdul Kadir, Zulkifli Yusop
In this study, laccase was immobilized on nylon 6,6/Fe(3+) composite (NFC) nanofibrous membrane and used for the detoxification of 3,3'-dimethoxybenzidine (DMOB). The average size and tensile strength of the NFC membrane were found to be 60-80 nm (diameter) and 2.70 MPa, respectively. The FTIR results confirm that the amine (N-H) group of laccase was attached with Fe(3+) particles and the carbonyl (C=O) group of NFC membrane via hydrogen bonding. The half-life of the laccase-NFC membrane storage stability was increased from 6 to 11 weeks and the reusability was significantly extended up to 43 cycles against ABTS oxidation...
October 18, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Masakazu Asahara, Masahiro Koizumi, Thomas E Macrini, Suzanne J Hand, Michael Archer
The modern platypus, Ornithorhynchus anatinus, has an eye structure similar to aquatic mammals; however, platypuses also have a "sixth sense" associated with the bill electro- and mechanoreception that they use without opening their eyes underwater. We hypothesize that Ornithorhynchus and the Miocene taxon Obdurodon have different sensory capacities, which may have resulted from differences in foraging behavior. To estimate differences in foraging, sensory systems, and anatomical divergence between these monotremes, we compared their skull morphologies...
October 2016: Science Advances
Yichuan Hu, Bo Liang, Lu Fang, Guanglong Ma, Guang Yang, Qin Zhu, Shengfu Chen, Xuesong Ye
In this work, a versatile fabrication method of coating enzyme-based biosensors with ultra-thin antifouling zwitterionic polymer films to meet the challenge of the long-time stability of sensors in vivo was developed. Electrochemically mediated atom transfer radical polymerization (eATRP) was applied to polymerize zwitterionic sulfobetaine methacrylate (SBMA) monomers on the rough enzyme-absorbed electrode surfaces, meanwhile a refined overall bromination was developed to improve the coverage of polymers on the biosensor surfaces, and maintain the enzyme activity simultaneously for the first time...
October 18, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Audrey Adji, Thomas Weber, Caroline O'Brien, Michael O'Rourke, Alberto Avolio
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown the reciprocal effects of wave reflection on aortic pressure and aortic flow waves. Invasive (Electro-Magnetic (EM)) and non-invasive (Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR)) studies of aortic blood flow have shown characteristic aging changes as reduction in late systolic flow, which corresponds in time to the late systolic boost of aortic pressure. These are not always apparent in Doppler flow tracings. DESIGN AND METHOD: This study aimed to better understand the mechanisms of aortic pressure and flow changes due to early wave reflection and stiffening of arteries...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Volkan Solmaz, Selçuk Yavuz, Ahmet İnanr, Dürdane Aksoy, Elmas Pektaş, Aslan Tekataş, Semiha Gulsum Kurt
INTRODUCTION: our aim was to determine if there are electro diagnostic (EDX) differences between carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), CTS+hypothyroidism (HT), CTS+fibromyalgia (FMS), CTS+rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and idiopathic CTS cases by comparing nerve conduction studies (NCS). METHOD: This research examined electrophysiological studies of untreated 47 HT+CTS, 47 DM+CTS, 49 RA+CTS, 52 FMS+CTS, 50 idiopathic CTS cases, and a healthy control group of 50 individuals (total of 293 patients and 433 hands with CTS)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
Yi Chen, Yue Ban, Qi-Biao Zhu, Xi Chen
Graphene-assisted resonant transmission and enhanced Goos-Hänchen shift are investigated in a two-prism frustrated total internal reflection configuration. Due to the excitation of surface plasmons induced by graphene in a low terahertz frequency range, there exist the resonant transmission and anomalous Goos-Hänchen shifts in such an optical tunneling configuration. As compared to the case of the quantum well, a graphene sheet with unique optical properties can enhance the resonant transmission with a relatively low loss and modulate the large negative and positive Goos-Hänchen shifts by adjusting the chemical potential or electron relaxation time...
October 1, 2016: Optics Letters
Claudia Crocini, Cecilia Ferrantini, Raffaele Coppini, Marina Scardigli, Ping Yan, Leslie M Loew, Godfrey Smith, Elisabetta Cerbai, Corrado Poggesi, Francesco S Pavone, Leonardo Sacconi
Current rescue therapies for life-threatening arrhythmias ignore the pathological electro-anatomical substrate and base their efficacy on a generalized electrical discharge. Here, we developed an all-optical platform to examine less invasive defibrillation strategies. An ultrafast wide-field macroscope was developed to optically map action potential propagation with a red-shifted voltage sensitive dye in whole mouse hearts. The macroscope was implemented with a random-access scanning head capable of drawing arbitrarily-chosen stimulation patterns with sub-millisecond temporal resolution allowing precise epicardial activation of Channelrhodopsin2 (ChR2)...
October 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
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