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Zhaoyang Wang, Xiao Cheng, Anjun Qin, Haoke Zhang, Jing Zhi Sun, Ben Zhong Tang
Luminescent molecules with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) property, or AIE-gens are typical stimuli-responsive materials and many AIE-gens have shown luminescent responses to mechano-, thermo-, electro-, vapo- and/or solvato-stimulus, but the detailed structure-property relationship has been addressed for only few of them. Here, we report a tetraphenylethene (TPE) derivative with pyridyl modifiers and ethynylene bridges. The (Z)- and (E)-isomers are clearly purified and both of them are AIE-active and demonstrate multiple luminescent responses to external stimuli...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Toufik Sadi, Adnan Mehonic, Luca Montesi, Mark Buckwell, Anthony Kenyon, Asen Asenov
We employ an advanced three-dimensional (3D) electro-thermal simulator to explore the physics and potential of oxide-based resistive random-access memory (RRAM) cells. The physical simulation model has been developed recently, and couples a kinetic Monte Carlo study of electron and ionic transport to the self-heating phenomenon while accounting carefully for the physics of vacancy generation and recombination, and trapping mechanisms. The simulation framework successfully captures resistance switching, including the electroforming, set and reset processes, by modeling the dynamics of conductive filaments in the 3D space...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Fen Guo, Yiju Li, Baoan Fan, Yi Liu, Lilin Lu, Yang Lei
To achieve high electrochemical surface area (ECSA) and avoid carbon support and binder in the anode catalyst of direct ethanol fuel cell, herein, we design freestanding core-shell nickel@palladium-nickel nanowire arrays (Ni@Pd-Ni NAs) without carbon support and binder for high-efficiency ethanol electro-oxidation. Bare Ni nanowire arrays (Ni NAs) are first prepared using the facile template-assistantelectrodeposition method. Subsequently, the Ni@Pd-Ni NAs are formed using one-step solution-based alloying reaction...
January 15, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jung Hwan Kim, Byung Min An, Dae Hwan Lim, Joo Yang Park
This research was based on the investigation of a major principle, regarding the effects of NaCl and KH2PO4 concentrations on struvite recovery, with electricity production using magnesium-air fuel cell electrocoagulation, in accordance with the concentration of phosphorous and chloride. The weight ratio of N:P in the synthetic wastewater was in the range of 1.2-21. The concentration of NH4Cl was fixed at 0.277 M (approximately 3888 ppm as NH3-N and 5000 ppm as NH4), while PO4-P was in the range of 0...
January 5, 2018: Water Research
S Wolf, H Zwickel, C Kieninger, M Lauermann, W Hartmann, Y Kutuvantavida, W Freude, S Randel, C Koos
We demonstrate the generation of higher-order modulation formats using silicon-based inphase/quadrature (IQ) modulators at symbol rates of up to 100 GBd. Our devices exploit the advantages of silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) integration, which combines silicon-on-insulator waveguides with highly efficient organic electro-optic (EO) cladding materials to enable small drive voltages and sub-millimeter device lengths. In our experiments, we use an SOH IQ modulator with a π-voltage of 1.6 V to generate 100 GBd 16QAM signals...
January 8, 2018: Optics Express
Aurangzeb Rashid Masud, Seung-Ho Hong, Tian-Zi Shen, Chi-Hyo Ahn, Jang-Kun Song
Even though a graphene-oxide (GO) dispersion is attractive for electro-optical switching devices because of its high Kerr coefficient, it has several limitations such as chemical instability and optical loss due to absorption at visible wavelengths. Here we introduce the use of tetrabutylammonium-tethered α-zirconium phosphate (TBA-ZrP) colloid in various solvents for electro-optical switching devices; the TBA-ZrP colloid is chemically stable and optically transparent. We find that the electrical switching behavior of TBA-ZrP is sensitively dependent on the type of solvent...
January 8, 2018: Optics Express
Shuiqin Zheng, Xinjian Pan, Yi Cai, Qinggang Lin, Ying Li, Shixiang Xu, Jingzhen Li, Dianyuan Fan
This publisher's note corrects an error in one of the authors' names and an error in one of the grant numbers in Opt. Lett.42, 4263 (2017).
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Hengyun Jiang, Lianshan Yan, Wei Pan, Bing Luo, Xihua Zou
Radio frequency (RF) filtering switch is highly desired for signal routing or manipulation in the RF system. Based on the stimulated Brillouin scattering effect and the electro-optics Pockels effect, we propose a novel RF filtering switch with a high-frequency filtering precision and a fast switching speed. We have experimentally demonstrated the RF filtering with a high precision of ∼34  MHz, a wide operation bandwidth of ∼18  GHz, and the RF switching at a speed of <100  ps, which is hundreds of times faster than the traditional RF switch...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Lu Zhang, Xuezhi Hong, Xiaodan Pang, Oskars Ozolins, Aleksejs Udalcovs, Richard Schatz, Changjian Guo, Junwei Zhang, Fredrik Nordwall, Klaus M Engenhardt, Urban Westergren, Sergei Popov, Gunnar Jacobsen, Shilin Xiao, Weisheng Hu, Jiajia Chen
We experimentally demonstrate the transmission of a 200 Gbit/s discrete multitone (DMT) at the soft forward error correction limit in an intensity-modulation direct-detection system with a single C-band packaged distributed feedback laser and traveling-wave electro absorption modulator (DFB-TWEAM), digital-to-analog converter and photodiode. The bit-power loaded DMT signal is transmitted over 1.6 km standard single-mode fiber with a net rate of 166.7 Gbit/s, achieving an effective electrical spectrum efficiency of 4...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Ning Wang, Ran Wang, Di Mo, Guangzuo Li, Keshu Zhang, Yirong Wu
A long-distance inverse synthetic aperture LADAR (ISAL) imaging experiment outdoors over 1 km for cooperative targets is demonstrated, which gets a two-dimensional high-resolution image with resolution exceeding 2.5 cm. The system utilizes an electro-optic in-phase and quadrature modulator to output a linear frequency-modulated continuous waveform (LFMCW) with a bandwidth of 6 GHz and pulse repetition frequency (PRF) of 16.7 KHz. For the problem of the coherence of the laser, the effects of the coherent processing interval (CPI) and time delay of the local oscillator (LO) on the coherence are discussed...
January 10, 2018: Applied Optics
Zixiang Lu, Yuji Sakamoto
Volume data are widely used in many areas, especially in biomedical science and geology. However, current visualization technologies of volume data cannot satisfy the visual requirements of humans. In this study, we propose two holographic display methods for volume data. The first method is polygon-based, and the other is maximum intensity projection (MIP)-based. Both methods are able to generate computer generated holograms of volume data. The polygon-based method can obtain various and colorful holograms, while the MIP-based method can be quickly calculated...
January 1, 2018: Applied Optics
Luciano De Sio, David E Roberts, Zhi Liao, Jeoungyeon Hwang, Nelson Tabiryan, Diane M Steeves, Brian R Kimball
We present and discuss opportunities opened up by a new generation of beam shaping optical elements that combine capabilities of digital spatial light polarization converters and diffractive properties of thin liquid crystalline films with patterned orientation of anisotropy axis (diffractive wave plates). Several functions of the new generation beam shapers are demonstrated, among them converting a laser beam of a Gaussian profile into a ring profile in the far field, a flattop profile, and into complex images...
January 1, 2018: Applied Optics
Didier Astruc, Haibin Gu, Roberto Ciganda, Patricia Castel, Sergio Moya, Ricardo Hernandez, Jaime Ruiz
Multi-block polymers are highly desirable for their addressable functions that are both unique and complementary among the blocks. With metal-containing polymers, the goal is even more challenging insofar as the metal properties may considerably extend the materials functions to sensing, catalysis, interaction with metal nanoparticles and electro- or photochrome switching. Ring-opening-metathesis polymerization (ROMP) has become available for the formation of living polymers using highly efficient initiators such as the 3rd-generation Grubbs catalyst [RuCl2(NHC)(=CHPh)(3-Br-C5H4N)2], 1...
January 12, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Vytas Reipa, Donald H Atha, Sanem H Coskun, Christopher M Sims, Bryant C Nelson
Exposure of mammalian cells to oxidative stress can result in DNA damage that adversely affects many cell processes. Lack of dependable DNA damage reference materials and standardized measurement methods, despite many case-control studies hampers the wider recognition of the link between oxidatively degraded DNA and disease risk. We used bulk electrolysis in an electrochemical system and gas chromatographic mass spectrometric analysis (GC/MS/MS) to control and measure, respectively, the effect of electrochemically produced reactive oxygen species on calf thymus DNA (ct-DNA)...
2018: PloS One
Mohsen Nami, Isaac E Stricklin, Kenneth M DaVico, Saadat Mishkat-Ul-Masabih, Ashwin K Rishinaramangalam, S R J Brueck, Igal Brener, Daniel F Feezell
In this work, we demonstrate high-performance electrically injected GaN/InGaN core-shell nanowire-based LEDs grown using selective-area epitaxy and characterize their electro-optical properties. To assess the quality of the quantum wells, we measure the internal quantum efficiency (IQE) using conventional low temperature/room temperature integrated photoluminescence. The quantum wells show a peak IQE of 62%, which is among the highest reported values for nanostructure-based LEDs. Time-resolved photoluminescence (TRPL) is also used to study the carrier dynamics and response times of the LEDs...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Wei Sun, Zhiqiang Wang, Waqas Qamar Zaman, Zhenhua Zhou, Limei Cao, Xue-Qing Gong, Ji Yang
The lattice strain of IrO2 plays a critical role in determining its OER activity. The Ir-O bond length change in IrO6 coordination induces lattice strain. Increasing the annealing temperature results in a stretching strain along the c axis and a compressive strain on the a and b axes, leading to a larger c/a ratio. Enhancing the lattice strain decreases the c/a ratio, which is beneficial for improving OER activity.
January 11, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Flavien Sciortino, Gaulthier Rydzek, Fabien Grasset, Myrtil L Kahn, Jonathan P Hill, Soizic Chevance, Fabienne Gauffre, Katsuhiko Ariga
Hollow nanocapsules (named Hybridosomes®) possessing a polymer/nanoparticle shell were used to covalently construct hybrid films in a one-pot fashion. The alkyne bearing organic/inorganic Hybridosomes® were reticulated with azide bearing homobifunctional polyethyleneglycol (PEG) linkers, by using an electro-click reaction on F-SnO2 (FTO) electrodes. The coatings were obtained by promoting the Cu(i)-catalyzed click reaction between alkyne and azide moieties in the vicinity of the electrode by the electrochemical generation of Cu(i) ions...
January 11, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Ping-Ching Wu, Hua-Han Chen, Shih-Yao Chen, Wen-Lung Wang, Kun-Lin Yang, Chia-Hung Huang, Hui-Fang Kao, Jui-Cheng Chang, Chih-Li Lilian Hsu, Jiu-Yao Wang, Ting-Mao Chou, Wen-Shuo Kuo
BACKGROUND: The results showed that the deciding factor is the culture medium in which the bacteria and the graphene oxide (GO) are incubated at the initial manipulation step. These findings allow better use of GO and GO-based materials more and be able to clearly apply them in the field of biomedical nanotechnology. RESULTS: To study the use of GO sheets applied in the field of biomedical nanotechnology, this study determines whether GO-based materials [GO, GO-polyoxyalkyleneamine (POAA), and GO-chitosan] stimulate or inhibit bacterial growth in detail...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
Ricardo Alvarez-Jimenez, Ellen P Hart, Samantha Prins, Marieke de Kam, Joop M A van Gerven, Adam F Cohen, Geert Jan Groeneveld
AIM: Establishing a pharmacologic challenge model could yield an important tool to understand the complex role of the nicotinic cholinergic system in cognition and to develop novel compounds acting on the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo-controlled, four way cross-over study examined the effects of the nicotinic antagonist mecamylamine on a battery of cognitive and neurophysiologic test with co-administration of a placebo, nicotine or galantamine in order to reverse the cognitive impairment caused by mecamylamine...
January 10, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Joseph Lombardo, Željko L Jelić, Xavier D A Baumans, Jeroen E Scheerder, Jorge P Nacenta, Victor V Moshchalkov, Joris Van de Vondel, Roman B G Kramer, Milorad V Milošević, Alejandro V Silhanek
We demonstrate the in situ engineering of superconducting nanocircuitry by targeted modulation of material properties through high applied current densities. We show that the sequential repetition of such customized electro-annealing in a niobium (Nb) nanoconstriction can broadly tune the superconducting critical temperature Tc and the normal-state resistance Rn in the targeted area. Once a sizable Rn is reached, clear magneto-resistance oscillations are detected along with a Fraunhofer-like field dependence of the critical current, indicating the formation of a weak link but with further adjustable characteristics...
January 10, 2018: Nanoscale
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