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Fengxia Deng, Hugo Olvera-Vargas, Orlando Garcia-Rodriguez, Shan Qiu, Jixian Yang, Olivier Lefebvre
A composite nickel-iron-foam (Ni-Fe-F) electrode was used as a cathode in the electro-Fenton (EF) process at circum-neutral pH in the presence of sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP) as supporting electrolyte. It was found that phenol degradation was dramatically improved by the synergistic effect of Ni-Fe-F and TPP, reaching 100% removal in 40 min, with kapp  = (8.90 ± 0.12) × 10-2 min-1 , which was about 18 times higher than that of Ni-Fe-F with sulfate as conventional electrolyte at pH 3.00 (kapp  = (5...
March 5, 2018: Chemosphere
Jiade Wang, Tian Zhang, Yu Mei, Bingjun Pan
Reverse osmosis concentrate (ROC) of printing and dyeing wastewater remains as a daunting environmental issue, which is characterized by high salinity, chemical oxygen demand (COD), chroma and low biodegradability. In this study electro-oxidation process (PbO2 /Ti electrode) coupled with oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) online monitor was applied to treat such a ROC effluent. The results show that with the increase of specific electrical charge (Qsp ), the removal efficiencies of COD, TN and chroma increased significantly at the incipience and then reached a gentle stage; the optimal total current efficiency (12...
March 8, 2018: Chemosphere
Weiming Wu, Jiugou Leng, Hailong Mei, Shubin Yang
Defect-rich, boron (B) and nitrogen (N) dual-doped and inert BN covalent bonds-free graphenes (BNGs) can be successfully synthesized via a method of two-step doping combined with chemical etching. B and N doping degree and surface areas of BNGs can be enhanced facilely by chemical etching without forming inert covalent BN bonds. The as-obtained porous BNGs deliver more superior electro-catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction than the unetched BNGs and commercial Pt/C catalysts.
March 8, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Ariana Sherdil, Stéphan Chabardès, Isabelle Guillemain, Sandrine Michallat, Shivadatta Prabhu, Karine Pernet-Gallay, Olivier David, Brigitte Piallat
PURPOSE: Our objective was to propose a new on demand non-human primate model of mesial temporal lobe seizures suitable for pre-clinical innovative therapeutic research. METHODS: Five macaques were stereotaxically implanted unilaterally with a deep recording electrode in the hippocampus. For each experiment, penicillin was injected into the hippocampus and animals were monitored during five consecutive hours. A total of 12-27 experiments with a mean cumulative dose of 162644 ± 70190 UI of penicillin have been performed per animal Injections were repeated at least once a week over a period of 98-276 days...
March 9, 2018: Epilepsy Research
Parijat Sengupta, Saptarshi Das, Junxia Shi
We study a thermal gradient induced current Ith flow in potassium-doped two-dimensional anisotropic black phosphorus (BP) with semi-Dirac dispersion. The prototype device is a BP channel clamped between two contacts maintained at unequal temperatures. The choice of BP lies in the predicted efficient thermoelectric behaviour. A temperature-induced difference in the Fermi levels of the two contacts drives the current (typified by the electro-thermal conductance) which we calculate using the Landauer transport equation...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Chi-Yuan Lee, Shih-Chun Li, Chia-Hung Chen, Yen-Ting Huang, Yu-Syuan Wang
Looking for alternative energy sources has been an inevitable trend since the oil crisis, and close attentioned has been paid to hydrogen energy. The proton exchange membrane (PEM) water electrolyzer is characterized by high energy efficiency, high yield, simple system and low operating temperature. The electrolyzer generates hydrogen from water free of any carbon sources (provided the electrons come from renewable sources such as solar and wind), so it is very clean and completely satisfies the environmental requirement...
March 15, 2018: Sensors
Xiaojun Wang, Chang Gu, Hongzhi Zheng, Yu-Mo Zhang, Sean Xiao-An Zhang
A multi-state and multi-stimuli-responsive oxazine molecular switch combining electro-base property and sensitively base/acid responsive properties was designed and synthesized. The multi-state structures of the molecular switch with different colors were speculated by comparison the optical properties with reference molecules and confirmed by NMR. The color switching mechanism under the stimulation of acid and base was investigated by DFT calculation. Three single states can be obtained and the switching is unidirectional under the stimulation of acid and base...
March 15, 2018: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Philippe Guay, Jérôme Genest, Adam J Fleisher
We demonstrate the precision molecular spectroscopy of H13 CN using a free-running, all-fiber dual electro-optic frequency comb system. Successive interferograms, acquired at a rate of Δfrep =1  MHz, were phase-corrected in post-processing, averaged, and normalized to yield the complex transmission spectrum of several transitions within the 2ν1 H13 CN band centered near λ=1545  nm. With spectral signal-to-noise ratios as high as 326:1 achieved in 2 ms of integration time, we report accurate measurements of H13 CN transition intensities which will aid in the study of extreme astrophysical environments...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Jinlong Liu, Yao Zheng, Yan Jiao, Zhenyu Wang, Zhouguang Lu, Anthony Vasileff, Shi-Zhang Qiao
Conventional development of nanomaterials for efficient electrocatalysis is largely based on performance-oriented trial-and-error/iterative approaches, while a rational design approach at the atomic/molecular level is yet to be found. Here, inspired by a fundamental understanding of the mechanism for both oxygen and hydrogen evolution half reactions (OER/HER), a unique strategy is presented to engineer RuO2 for superior alkaline water electrolysis through coupling with NiO as an efficient bifunctional promoter...
March 15, 2018: Small
Nikunjkumar Patel, Oliver Hatley, Alexander Berg, Klaus Romero, Barbara Wisniowska, Debra Hanna, David Hermann, Sebastian Polak
Drug-induced cardiac arrhythmia, especially occurrence of torsade de pointes (TdP), has been a leading cause of attrition and post-approval re-labeling and withdrawal of many drugs. TdP is a multifactorial event, reflecting more than just drug-induced cardiac ion channel inhibition and QT interval prolongation. This presents a translational gap in extrapolating pre-clinical and clinical cardiac safety assessment to estimate TdP risk reliably, especially when the drug of interest is used in combination with other QT-prolonging drugs for treatment of diseases such as tuberculosis...
March 14, 2018: AAPS Journal
Paul A Constable, Michael Bach, Laura J Frishman, Brett G Jeffrey, Anthony G Robson
The article "ISCEV Standard for clinical electro-oculography (2017 update)", written by Paul A. Constable, Michael Bach, Laura J. Frishman, Brett G. Jeffrey, Anthony G. Robson and for the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision, was originally published Online First without open access.
March 14, 2018: Documenta Ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology
Kai Lu, Wen Huang, Junxiong Guo, Tianxun Gong, Xiongbang Wei, Bing-Wei Lu, Si-Yi Liu, Bin Yu
A flexible 4 × 4 sensor array with 16 micro-scale capacitive units has been demonstrated based on flexible piezoelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) film. The piezoelectricity and surface morphology of the PVDF were examined by optical imaging and piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM). The PFM shows phase contrast, indicating clear interface between the PVDF and electrode. The electro-mechanical properties show that the sensor exhibits excellent output response and an ultra-high signal-to-noise ratio...
March 14, 2018: Nanoscale Research Letters
Serhat Tozburun, Cedric Blatter, Meena Siddiqui, Eelco F J Meijer, Benjamin J Vakoc
We present a swept-wavelength optical coherence tomography (OCT) system with a 19 MHz laser source and electronic phase-locking of the source, acquisition clock, and beam scanning mirrors. The laser is based on stretched-pulse active mode-locking using an electro-optic modulator. Beam scanning in the fast axis uses a resonant micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) -based mirror at ~23.8 kHz. Acquisition is performed at 1.78 Gigasamples per second using an external fixed clock. Phase sensitive imaging without need for k-clocking, A-line triggers, or phase-calibration methods is demonstrated...
March 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Mohammad Noor-A-Alam, Hamid Ullah, Young-Han Shin
Graphene, despite its many unique properties, is neither intrinsically polar due to inversion symmetry nor magnetic. However, based on density functional theory, we find that Mn, one of transition metals, embedded in single or double vacancy (Mn@SV and Mn@DV) in a graphene monolayer induces a dipole moment perpendicular to the sheet, which can be switched from up to down by Mn penetration through the graphene. Such switching could be realized by an external stimuli introduced through the tip of a scanning probe microscope, as already utilized in the studies of molecular switches...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Erika Toda, Yukinosuke Ohnishi, Takashi Okamoto
Upon double fertilization, one sperm cell fuses with the egg cell to form a zygote with a 1:1 maternal-to-paternal genome ratio (1m:1p), and another sperm cell fuses with the central cell to form a triploid primary endosperm cell with a 2m:1p ratio, resulting in formation of the embryo and the endosperm, respectively. The endosperm is known to be considerably sensitive to the ratio of the parental genome. However, in contrast to endosperm, the effect of an imbalance of the parental genome on zygotic development/embryogenesis has not been well addressed, because it is difficult to reproduce the parental genome-imbalanced situation in zygotes and to monitor the developmental profile of zygotes without external effects from endosperm...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
Andriy Yaroshchuk, Mykola P Bondarenko
Current-induced concentration polarization of nanoporous media is explored theoretically by using approach of local thermodynamic equilibrium within nanopore cross-sections. The problem is solved in quadratures in terms of irreversible thermodynamics. The phenomenological coefficients are further specified by using capillary space-charge model for straight slit-like and cylindrical capillaries. This analysis reveals several novel features of current-induced concentration polarization related to the (electro)osmotic volume transfer...
March 14, 2018: Small
M Fiorentzis, H Kalirai, P Katopodis, B Seitz, A Viestenz, S E Coupland
Electrochemotherapy (ECT) enhances responsiveness to cytotoxic drugs in numerous cell lines in vitro. Clinically ECT is widely applied for skin tumor ablation and has shown efficacy in treating non-resectable colorectal liver metastases. There is limited experience of ECT for ocular tumor therapy. We investigated the cytotoxic effect of bleomycin and cisplatin in combination with electroporation on chemoresistant human uveal melanoma (UM) cell lines in vitro. Four UM cell lines (Mel 270, 92-1, OMM-1, OMM-2...
2018: Neoplasma
Santiago Martinez, Juan Miguel Garcia-Haro, Juan G Victores, Alberto Jardon, Carlos Balaguer
The computational complexity of humanoid robot balance control is reduced through the application of simplified kinematics and dynamics models. However, these simplifications lead to the introduction of errors that add to other inherent electro-mechanic inaccuracies and affect the robotic system. Linear control systems deal with these inaccuracies if they operate around a specific working point but are less precise if they do not. This work presents a model improvement based on the Linear Inverted Pendulum Model (LIPM) to be applied in a non-linear control system...
March 11, 2018: Sensors
Ming-Sheng Tan, Yan-Lei Wang, Ying-Na Qi, Chun-Ke Dong, Wei Wang, Ping Yi, Feng Yang, Xiang-Sheng Tang, Qing-Ying Hao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect and underlying mechanism of decompression(DE)combined with Governor Vessel(GV)electro-acupuncture(EA) on rats with acute severe upper cervical spinal cord compression injury. METHODS: Thirty SPF rats were randomly divided into 5 groups(control group A, B and experiment group C, D, E), 6 rats in each group. The model of acute severe upper cervical spinal cord compression injury were made by forcing a balloon catheter put in atlas pillow clearance...
January 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Rui Li, David Patel, Eslam El-Fiky, Alireza Samani, Zhenping Xing, Yun Wang, David V Plant
We report two designs of silicon photonic dual-drive Michelson interferometric modulators (MIMs) suitable for four-level pulse amplitude modulation (PAM-4) that do not require digital-to-analog converters or digital signal processing. The PN junctions in MIM-1 have an asymmetric geometry and 4 doping concentrations, while those in MIM-2 have a symmetric geometry and 6 doping concentrations. We simulate and experimentally demonstrate that MIM-2 has a larger modulation efficiency and a better electro-optic (EO) bandwidth than MIM-1...
March 5, 2018: Optics Express
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