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calf peritonitis

Anoop Misra, Shajith Anoop, Seema Gulati, Kalaivani Mani, Surya Prakash Bhatt, Ravindra Mohan Pandey
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate body fat patterning and phenotype including hepatic fat and pancreatic volume of non-obese (BMI: < 25 kg/m2) Asian Indians with type 2 diabetes residing in North India. METHODS: Non-obese patients with type 2 diabetes (n = 93) and non-obese, normo-glycemic subjects (n = 40) were recruited. BMI, waist & hip circumferences, skinfold thickness at 8 sites, body fat, lean mass and detailed abdominal fat evaluation [total abdominal fat, total subcutaneous fat (superficial, deep, anterior, and posterior), total intra-abdominal fat (intra-peritoneal, retroperitoneal)], liver span, grades of fatty liver and pancreatic volume were compared...
2015: PloS One
William B Stoughton, Jenifer Gold
CASE DESCRIPTION: A 12-week-old female dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) calf was evaluated because of acute (< 24 hours) inappetence and lethargy. The calf was being bottle-fed because of maternal rejection. CLINICAL FINDINGS: Physical examination revealed decreased bronchovesicular sounds and absent borborygmi. The rectal temperature was 38.9°C (102.0°F). A CBC indicated leukopenia with a degenerative left shift suggestive of a systemic infection. Results of abdominal and thoracic ultrasonography showed severe bicavitary effusion, peripheral lung consolidation, and intestinal hypomotility...
August 1, 2015: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Nuria Esther Gómez-González, Erick García-García, Jana Montero, Alicia García-Alcázar, José Meseguer, Alfonsa García-Ayala, Victoriano Mulero
Inflammation is the first response of animals to infection or tissue damage. Sparus aurata (Perciformes) was the first fish species shown to possess histamine-containing mast cells at mucosal tissues. We report a separation protocol for obtaining highly enriched (over 95% purity) preparations of fish mast cells in high numbers (5-20 million mast cells per fish). The peritoneal exudate of S. aurata is composed of lymphocytes, acidophilic granulocytes, macrophages and mast cells. We separated the lymphocyte fraction through discontinuous density gradient centrifugation...
September 2014: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Ismail Kocyigit, Murat Hayri Sipahioglu, Ozcan Orscelik, Aydin Unal, Ahmet Celik, Samer R Abbas, Fansan Zhu, Bulent Tokgoz, Ali Dogan, Oktay Oymak, Peter Kotanko, Nathan W Levin
OBJECTIVES: In this study our aim was to evaluate the relationship between degree of fluid status and arterial stiffness measured by pulse wave velocity (PWV) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Fluid status was determined by different methods including fluid overload measured by bioimpedance (Body Composition Monitor, BCM), calf normalized resistivity (CNR), plasma N-terminal fragment of B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and extracellular to intracellular water ratio (ECW/ICW)...
November 2014: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Evelyne Muggli, Maren Lesser, Ueli Braun, Karl Nuss
OBJECTIVES: To describe surgical treatment of herniation of the gravid uterus through the mesoduodenum, displacement of the descending duodenum around the gravid uterus, and concurrent herniation of the small and large intestines into the omental bursa in a cow. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical report. ANIMAL: Three-year-old, five-month-pregnant Swiss Braunvieh cow. METHODS: Repositioning of the displaced uterus and descending duodenum without transection and anastomosis of the duodenum was performed through a right flank laparotomy...
January 2014: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Kuo-Su Chen, Wen-Shiang Chen
To compare the growth condition between different sources and different culture environments, mesothelial cells were isolated from omentum and peritoneal dialysate effluent (PDE), seeded at different densities (5 × 10⁵, 1 × 10⁵, 5 × 10⁴, 1 × 10⁴, 5 × 10³, 1 × 10³ and 5 × 10² cells/cm², respectively), supported with different fetal calf serum (FCS) concentrations (3%, 6%, 10% and 15%) and grown in dishes with and without gelatin pre-coating. Growth condition was evaluated by simple morphological observation...
August 31, 2012: Chinese Journal of Physiology
Alan C Tsai, Jiun-Yi Wang, Tsui-Lan Chang, Tsz-Yan Li
BACKGROUND: The full Mini Nutritional Assessment (full-MNA) and short-form MNA (MNA-SF) are simple and effective nutrition screening scales, but their usefulness for identifying patients with peritoneal dialysis (PD) at risk of protein-calorie malnutrition (PEM) has not been investigated. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to investigate the convergent validity of the full-MNA and MNA-SF for identifying patients with PD at risk of PEM. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
January 2013: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Huanqin Zheng, Ying Chen, Fangli Lu, Man Liu, Xiaoyan Yang, Xiaoyin Fu, Ying Zhao, Bo Huang, Shiguang Huang, Lloyd H Kasper
Laboratory maintenance of the RH strain of Toxoplasma gondii is generally done by passage in mice, in vitro propagation in fibroblasts, or cryopreservation of peritoneal exudates from mice infected with T. gondii. To explore alternative techniques for preserving laboratory T. gondii tachyzoites, we propose a new method of freezing tissues from infected mice. The effect of storage of T. gondii tissue tachyzoites in two different cryoprotectant combinations and at two different temperatures was studied. The liver and spleen tissues, and peritoneal exudates from mice infected with RH-GFP strain of T...
December 2012: Parasitology Research
Bart Pardon, Koen De Bleecker, Miel Hostens, Jozefien Callens, Jeroen Dewulf, Piet Deprez
BACKGROUND: Mortality and morbidity are hardly documented in the white veal industry, despite high levels of antimicrobial drug use and resistance. The objective of the present study was to determine the causes and epidemiology of morbidity and mortality in dairy, beef and crossbred white veal production. A total of 5853 calves, housed in 15 production cohorts, were followed during one production cycle. Causes of mortality were determined by necropsy. Morbidity was daily recorded by the producers...
2012: BMC Veterinary Research
Melisa J Hamilton, Judit P Banáth, Vivian Lam, Nancy E Lepard, Gerald Krystal, Kevin L Bennewith
As more groups investigate the role of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in promoting the growth of primary tumors and distant tumor metastases, it is imperative to ensure the accurate detection and quantification of MDSC immunosuppression ex vivo. MDSCs are defined by their ability to suppress immune responses. Although different in vitro culture conditions have been used to study MDSCs, the effect of different culture conditions on MDSC immunosuppression is unknown. We therefore isolated MDSCs from the lungs and spleens of 4T1 murine mammary tumor-bearing mice and assayed MDSC-mediated suppression of T cell responses under different culture conditions...
May 2012: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
Asmita Samadder, Debrup Chakraborty, Arnab De, Soumya Sundar Bhattacharyya, Kakali Bhadra, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh
We injected alloxan (100 mg/kg b.w.) in mice (Mus musculus) intra-peritoneally to induce hyperglycemia and divided the hyperglycemic mice into two sub-groups: one was fed ethanolic extract of Syzygium jambolanum (EESJ) (20 mg/kg b.w. for 8 weeks) and the other 85% ethyl alcohol ("vehicle"-control). Chromatographic and mass spectroscopic studies of EESJ revealed two principal components, one corresponding to an iridoid glycoside. We estimated blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, glucokinase, and fructosamine and analyzed the expression of marker proteins like insulin, GLUT2, and GLUT4...
October 9, 2011: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Farzad Ebrahimi, Madhu S Malo, Sayeda Nasrin Alam, Angela K Moss, Halim Yammine, Sundaram Ramasamy, Brishti Biswas, Kathryn T Chen, Nur Muhammad, Golam Mostafa, H Shaw Warren, Elizabeth L Hohmann, Richard A Hodin
BACKGROUND: The brush-border enzyme intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP) functions as a gut mucosal defense factor and detoxifies different toll-like receptor ligands. This study aimed to determine the therapeutic effects of locally administered calf IAP (cIAP) in a cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model of polymicrobial sepsis. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice underwent CLP followed by intraperitoneal injection of cIAP or normal saline. Blood leukocyte counts, levels of cytokines and liver enzymes, and lung myeloperoxidase activity were determined...
May 2011: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Wei Li, Shu Zhu, Jianhua Li, Yan Huang, Rongrong Zhou, Xuegong Fan, Huan Yang, Xing Gong, N Tony Eissa, Willi Jahnen-Dechent, Ping Wang, Kevin J Tracey, Andrew E Sama, Haichao Wang
BACKGROUND: A liver-derived protein, fetuin-A, was first purified from calf fetal serum in 1944, but its potential role in lethal systemic inflammation was previously unknown. This study aims to delineate the molecular mechanisms underlying the regulation of hepatic fetuin-A expression during lethal systemic inflammation (LSI), and investigated whether alterations of fetuin-A levels affect animal survival, and influence systemic accumulation of a late mediator, HMGB1. METHODS AND FINDINGS: LSI was induced by endotoxemia or cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in fetuin-A knock-out or wild-type mice, and animal survival rates were compared...
2011: PloS One
A M J McFadden, H Christensen, R A Fairley, F I Hill, J M Gill, S E Keeling, R P Spence
CASE HISTORY: Three dairy calf-rearing properties experienced high mortality in calves during 2008 and 2009. Affected calves were aged 13-18 weeks (Farm I), 6 months (Farm II), and 2-11 weeks (Farm III), and the mortality rate was 22/175 (13%), 5/80 (6%), and 60/900 (7%), respectively. CLINICAL AND LABORATORY FINDINGS: Affected calves rapidly became moribund, were in respiratory distress, and had a fever (40-41°C). Post-mortem examination of nine calves revealed fibrinopurulent pleuritis, pericarditis, and peritonitis...
January 2011: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
Yuko Kato-Mori, Takenori Orihashi, Yuta Kanai, Michiko Sato, Kenji Sera, Katsuro Hagiwara
Lactobacillus gasseri OLL 2716 promotes the elimination of Helicobacter pylori and is utilized in yogurts that are specifically labeled as health foods. On the other hand, milk whey fermented by Propionibacterium freudenreichii ET-3, which increases the numbers of Bifidobacterium, is effective for intestinal disorders. We previously demonstrated that oral administration of L. gasseri and P. freudenreichii fermentation metabolites (LP-FM) improved calf intestinal microflora and reduced the incidence of diarrhea...
December 2010: Journal of Medicinal Food
Zahra Tavakoli, Sussan K Ardestani, Taghi Lashkarbolouki, Amina Kariminia, Taghi Zahraei Salehi, Nasser Tavassoli
Brucellosis is an infectious disease with high impact on innate immune responses which is induced partly by its DNA. In the present study the potential differences of wild type and patients isolates versus attenuated vaccine strains in terms of cytokines, ROS and NO induction on murine splenocytes and peritoneal macrophages were investigated. This panel varied in base composition and included DNA from B. abortus, B. melitensis, B.abortus strain S19 and melitensis strain Rev1, as attenuated live vaccine. Also we included Escherichia coli DNA, calf thymus DNA (a mammalian DNA), as controls...
September 2009: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
B Pardon, G Vertenten, I Durie, J Declercq, D Everaert, P Simoens, P Deprez
Four cases in cattle of omental herniation through an acquired omental rent are described. Clinical signs were indistinguishable from other causes of mechanical ileus and exploratory laparotomy was necessary to establish a diagnosis. In all cases a variably sized portion of jejunal loops was obstructed in an omental rent in the deep layer of the greater omentum. In two cases simple reduction was possible, and in one case incision of the hernial ring was necessary before reduction could be performed. Resection was necessary only in a calf, in which the incarceration was complicated by severe abomasal distension and local peritonitis...
December 12, 2009: Veterinary Record
Juliana Dias Costa, Renata Soares, Léa Cysne Finkelstein, Suzana Côrte-Real, Maria de Nazareth Meirelles, Renato Porrozzi
Leishmania (L.) infantum (syn. Leishmania chagasi) is a dimorphic protozoan parasite that lives in promastigote and amastigote form in its sandfly vector and mammalian hosts, respectively. Here, we describe an in vitro culture system for the generation of a pure population of L. infantum axenic amastigotes after only 4 days incubation in culture medium supplemented with fetal calf serum, human urine, L: -glutamine, and HEPES at 37 masculineC (pH 5.5). Ultrastrutural analysis and infection assays in two macrophage populations (Kupffer cells (KUP) and peritoneal macrophages (PM)) infected with axenic amastigotes demonstrated that they maintained morphological and biochemical (A2 expression) features and a similar infection pattern to tissue-derived L...
July 2009: Parasitology Research
Sauli Laaksonen, Antti Oksanen, Toomas Orro, Harri Norberg, Mauri Nieminen, Antti Sukura
BACKGROUND: When a severe peritonitis outbreak in semi-domesticated reindeer was noticed in 2003 in Finland, the concerned industry urged immediate preventive actions in order to avoid detrimental effects of S. tundra and further economical losses. A research programme was swiftly initiated to study S. tundra and its impact on the health and wellbeing of reindeer. METHODS: The ultimate aim of this study was to test the efficacy of different treatment regimes against S...
2008: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Katarzyna Janda, Tomasz Stompór, Elzbieta Gryz, Andrzej Szczudlik, Maciej Drozdz, Andrzej Kraśniak, Władysław Sułowicz
UNLABELLED: The aim of the study was to assess severity of injury of the peripheral nervous system of chronic renal failure patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) or on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) diagnosed based on the electrophysiological testing as well as to establish the effect of adequate dialysis dose on peripheral nerve functioning. The study was performed in 53 patients (21 males, 32 females) on CAPD for mean 16.9 +/- 14.4 months and 68 patients (46 males, 22 females) on HD for mean 47...
2007: Przegla̧d Lekarski
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