keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

varroa

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339745/genomic-and-transcriptomic-analysis-of-the-asian-honeybee-apis-cerana-provides-novel-insights-into-honeybee-biology
#1
Qingyun Diao, Liangxian Sun, Huajun Zheng, Zhijiang Zeng, Shengyue Wang, Shufa Xu, Huoqing Zheng, Yanping Chen, Yuanyuan Shi, Yuezhu Wang, Fei Meng, Qingliang Sang, Lianfei Cao, Fang Liu, Yongqiang Zhu, Wenfeng Li, Zhiguo Li, Congjie Dai, Minjun Yang, Shenglu Chen, Runsheng Chen, Shaowu Zhang, Jay D Evans, Qiang Huang, Jie Liu, Fuliang Hu, Songkun Su, Jie Wu
The Asian honeybee Apis cerana is one of two bee species that have been commercially kept with immense economic value. Here we present the analysis of genomic sequence and transcriptomic exploration for A. cerana as well as the comparative genomic analysis of the Asian honeybee and the European honeybee A. mellifera. The genome and RNA-seq data yield new insights into the behavioral and physiological resistance to the parasitic mite Varroa the evolution of antimicrobial peptides, and the genetic basis for labor division in A...
January 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330449/lithium-chloride-effectively-kills-the-honey-bee-parasite-varroa-destructor-by-a-systemic-mode-of-action
#2
Bettina Ziegelmann, Elisabeth Abele, Stefan Hannus, Michaela Beitzinger, Stefan Berg, Peter Rosenkranz
Honey bees are increasingly important in the pollination of crops and wild plants. Recent reports of the weakening and periodical high losses of managed honey bee colonies have alarmed beekeeper, farmers and scientists. Infestations with the ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor in combination with its associated viruses have been identified as a crucial driver of these health problems. Although yearly treatments are required to prevent collapses of honey bee colonies, the number of effective acaricides is small and no new active compounds have been registered in the past 25 years...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273327/quantitative-proteomics-reveals-divergent-responses-in-apis-mellifera-worker-and-drone-pupae-to-parasitization-by-varroa-destructor
#3
Carla Surlis, James C Carolan, Mary Coffey, Kevin Kavanagh
Varroa destructor is a haemophagous ectoparasite of honeybees and is considered a major causal agent of colony losses in Europe and North America. Although originating in Eastern Asia where it parasitizes Apis cerana, it has shifted hosts to the western honeybee Apis mellifera on which it has a greater deleterious effect on the individual and colony level. To investigate this important host-parasite interaction and to determine whether Varroa causes different effects on different castes we conducted a label free quantitative proteomic analysis of Varroa-parasitized and non-parasitized drone and worker Apis mellifera pupae...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261772/a-real-time-pcr-method-for-quantification-of-the-total-and-major-variant-strains-of-the-deformed-wing-virus
#4
Emma L Bradford, Craig R Christie, Ewan M Campbell, Alan S Bowman
European honey bees (Apis mellifera) are critically important to global food production by virtue of their pollination services but are severely threatened by deformed wing virus (DWV) especially in the presence of the external parasite Varroa destructor. DWV exists as many viral strains with the two major variants (DWV-A and DWV-B) varying in virulence. A single plasmid standard was constructed containing three sections for the specific determination of DWV-A (VP2 capsid region), DWV-B (IRES) and a conserved region suitable for total DWV (helicase region)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234127/recent-spread-of-varroa-destructor-virus-1-a-honey-bee-pathogen-in-the-united-states
#5
Eugene V Ryabov, Anna K Childers, Yanping Chen, Shayne Madella, Ashrafun Nessa, Dennis vanEngelsdorp, Jay D Evans
RNA viruses impact honey bee health and contribute to elevated colony loss rates worldwide. Deformed wing virus (DWV) and the closely related Varroa destructor virus-1 (VDV1), are the most widespread honey bee viruses. VDV1 is known to cause high rates of overwintering colony losses in Europe, however it was unknown in the United States (US). Using next generation sequencing, we identified VDV1 in honey bee pupae in the US. We tested 603 apiaries the US in 2016 and found that VDV1 was present in 66.0% of them, making it the second most prevalent virus after DWV, which was present in 89...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230627/effect-of-pollen-extract-supplementation-on-the-varroatosis-tolerance-of-honey-bee-apis-mellifera-larvae-reared-in-vitro
#6
Vincent Piou, Jérémy Tabart, Jean-Louis Hemptinne, Angélique Vétillard
As the main source of lipids and proteins in honey bees, pollen is a major nutrient provider involved in development and health and has been studied for tolerance stimulation against pathogens and parasites. In the case of Varroa destructor Anderson & Trueman (Acari, Mesostigmata: Varroidae) parasitization, the lack of a complete laboratory system to rear both the bee larva and the acarian parasite limited the studies concerning larval nutrition effects on the bee tolerance and resistance against varroatosis...
December 11, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175033/evidence-of-varroa-mediated-deformed-wing-virus-spillover-in-hawaii
#7
Jessika Santamaria, Ethel M Villalobos, Laura E Brettell, Scott Nikaido, Jason R Graham, Stephen Martin
Varroa destructor, a parasitic mite of honey bees, is also a vector for viral diseases. The mite displays high host specificity and requires access to colonies of Apis spp. to complete its lifecycle. In contrast, the Deformed Wing Virus (DWV), one of the many viruses transmitted by V. destructor, appears to have a much broader host range. Previous studies have detected DWV in a variety of insect groups that are not directly parasitized by the mite. In this study, we take advantage of the discrete distribution of the Varroa mite in the Hawaiian archipelago to compare DWV prevalence on non-Apis flower visitors, and test whether Varroa presence is linked to a "viral spillover"...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158414/molecular-basis-of-selective-resistance-of-the-bumblebee-binav1-sodium-channel-to-tau-fluvalinate
#8
Shaoying Wu, Yoshiko Nomura, Yuzhe Du, Boris S Zhorov, Ke Dong
Insecticides are widely used to control pests in agriculture and insect vectors that transmit human diseases. However, these chemicals can have a negative effect on nontarget, beneficial organisms including bees. Discovery and deployment of selective insecticides is a major mission of modern toxicology and pest management. Pyrethroids exert their toxic action by acting on insect voltage-gated sodium channels. Honeybees and bumblebees are highly sensitive to most pyrethroids, but are resistant to a particular pyrethroid, tau-fluvalinate (τ-FVL)...
November 20, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158015/acute-bee-paralysis-virus-occurs-in-the-asian-honey-bee-apis-cerana-and-parasitic-mite-tropilaelaps-mercedesae
#9
Pichaya Chanpanitkitchote, Yanping Chen, Jay D Evans, Wenfeng Li, Jianghong Li, Michele Hamilton, Panuwan Chantawannakul
Viruses, and especially RNA viruses, constantly change and adapt to new host species and vectors, posing a potential threat of new and reemerging infectious diseases. Honey bee Acute bee paralysis virus (ABPV) and Deformed wing virus (DWV) are two of the most common honey bee viruses found in European honey bees Apis mellifera and have been implicated in worldwide Varroa-associated bee colony losses. Previous studies have shown that DWV has jumped hosts several times in history causing infection in multiple host species...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145627/bacterial-communities-associated-with-the-ectoparasitic-mites-varroa-destructor-and-tropilaelaps-mercedesae-of-honey-bees-apis-mellifera
#10
Chonthicha Pakwan, Martin Kaltenpoth, Benjamin Weiss, Panuwan Chantawannakul, Guo Jun, Terd Disayathanoowat
Varroa and Tropilaelaps mites have been reported as serious ectoparasites of honey bees (Apis mellifera). In this study, bacterial communities associated with Varroa destructor and Tropilaelaps mercedesae from Northern Thailand were determined, using both culture-dependent and culture-independent approaches. Adult female mites were collected from apiaries in Chiang Mai and Lampang provinces. Culturable bacteria were isolated from individual mites. On average, we observed approximately 1340 and 1140 CFU/mite in Varroa and Tropilaelaps, respectively...
November 14, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125881/chemical-and-cultural-control-of-tropilaelaps-mercedesae-mites-in-honeybee-apis-mellifera-colonies-in-northern-thailand
#11
Jeffery S Pettis, Robyn Rose, Veeranan Chaimanee
At least two parasitic mites have moved from Asian species of honeybees to infest Apis mellifera. Of these two, Varroa destructor is more widespread globally while Tropilaelaps mercedesae has remained largely in Asia. Tropilaelaps mites are most problematic when A. mellifera is managed outside its native range in contact with Asian species of Apis. In areas where this occurs, beekeepers of A. mellifera treat aggressively for Tropilaelaps and Varroa is either outcompeted or is controlled as a result of the aggressive treatment regime used against Tropilaelaps...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035869/varroa-destructor-induces-changes-in-the-expression-of-immunity-related-genes-during-the-development-of-apis-mellifera-worker-and-drone-broods
#12
Ewa A Zaobidna, Krystyna Żółtowska, Elżbieta Łopieńska-Biernat
The ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor has emerged as the major pest of honeybees. Despite extensive research efforts, the pathogenesis of varroosis has not been fully explained. Earlier studies suggested that V. destructor infestation leads to the suppression of the host's immune system. The aim of this study was to analyze the immune responses of 14 genes in the Toll signal transduction pathways, including effector genes of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), in developing Apis mellifera workers and drones infested with V...
December 20, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026097/chemosensing-of-honeybee-parasite-varroa-destructor-transcriptomic-analysis
#13
Nurit Eliash, Nitin K Singh, Starlin Thangarajan, Noa Sela, Dena Leshkowitz, Yosi Kamer, Ilia Zaidman, Ada Rafaeli, Victoria Soroker
Chemosensing is a primary sense in nature, however little is known about its mechanism in Chelicerata. As a model organism we used the mite Varroa destructor, a key parasite of honeybees. Here we describe a transcriptomic analysis of two physiological stages for the Varroa foreleg, the site of primary olfactory organ. The transcriptomic analysis revealed transcripts of chemosensory related genes belonging to several groups. These include Niemann-Pick disease protein, type C2 (NPC2), gustatory receptors (GRs), ionotropic receptors (IRs), sensory neuron membrane proteins (SNMPs) and odorant binding proteins (OBP)...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973572/a-comparison-of-wolbachia-infection-frequencies-in-varroa-with-prevalence-of-deformed-wing-virus
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Thorben Grau, Annely Brandt, Sara DeLeon, Marina Doris Meixner, Jakob Friedrich Strauß, Gerrit Joop, Arndt Telschow
Wolbachia are widely distributed bacterial endosymbionts of arthropods and filarial nematodes. These bacteria can affect host fitness in a variety of ways, such as protecting hosts against viruses and other pathogens. Here, we investigate the possible role of Wolbachia in the prevalence of the deformed wing virus (DWV), a highly virulent pathogen of honey bees (Apis mellifera) that is transmitted by parasitic Varroa mites (Varroa destructor). About 180 Varroa mites from 18 beehives were tested for infection with Wolbachia and DWV...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878743/characterization-of-the-copy-number-and-variants-of-deformed-wing-virus-dwv-in-the-pairs-of-honey-bee-pupa-and-infesting-varroa-destructor-or-tropilaelaps-mercedesae
#15
Yunfei Wu, Xiaofeng Dong, Tatsuhiko Kadowaki
Recent honey bee colony losses, particularly during the winter, have been shown to be associated with the presence of both ectoparasitic mites and Deformed Wing Virus (DWV). Whilst the role of Varroa destructor mites as a viral vector is well established, the role of Tropilaelaps mercedesae mites in viral transmission has not been fully investigated. In this study, we tested the effects that V. destructor and T. mercedesae infestation have on fluctuation of the DWV copy number and alteration of the virus variants in honey bees by characterizing individual pupae and their infesting mites...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867676/a-varroa-destructor-protein-atlas-reveals-molecular-underpinnings-of-developmental-transitions-and-sexual-differentiation
#16
Alison McAfee, Queenie Chan, Jay Evans, Leonard J Foster
Varroa destructor is the most economically damaging honey bee pest, weakening colonies by simultaneously parasitizing bees and transmitting harmful viruses. Despite these impacts on honey bee health, surprisingly little is known about its fundamental molecular biology. Here we present a Varroa protein atlas crossing all major developmental stages (egg, protonymph, deutonymph and adult) for both male and female mites as a web-based interactive tool (http://foster.nce.ubc.ca/varroa/index.html). We used intensity-based label-free quantitation to find 1,433 differentially expressed proteins across developmental stages...
September 3, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834265/association-of-varroa-destructor-females-in-multiply-infested-cells-of-the-honeybee-apis-mellifera
#17
Alexis L Beaurepaire, James D Ellis, Klemens J Krieger, Robin F A Moritz
The genetic diversity of Varroa destructor (Anderson & Trueman) is limited outside its natural range due to population bottlenecks and its propensity to inbreed. In light of the arms race between V. destructor and its honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) host, any mechanism enhancing population admixture of the mite may be favored. One way that admixture can occur is when two genetically dissimilar mites coinvade a brood cell, with the progeny of the foundresses admixing. We determined the relatedness of 393 pairs of V...
August 22, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797906/amitraz-and-its-metabolite-modulate-honey-bee-cardiac-function-and-tolerance-to-viral-infection
#18
Scott T O'Neal, Carlyle C Brewster, Jeffrey R Bloomquist, Troy D Anderson
The health and survival of managed honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies are affected by multiple factors, one of the most important being the interaction between viral pathogens and infestations of the ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor. Currently, the only effective strategy available for mitigating the impact of viral infections is the chemical control of mite populations. Unfortunately, the use of in-hive acaricides comes at a price, as they can produce sublethal effects that are difficult to quantify, but may ultimately be as damaging as the mites they are used to treat...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795524/resin-foraging-dynamics-in-varroa-destructor-infested-hives-a-case-of-medication-of-kin
#19
Michelina Pusceddu, Giannella Piluzza, Panagiotis Theodorou, Franco Buffa, Luca Ruiu, Simonetta Bullitta, Ignazio Floris, Alberto Satta
Social insects have evolved colony behavioral, physiological and organizational adaptations (social immunity) to reduce the risks of parasitization and/or disease transmission. The collection of resin from various plants and its use in the hive as propolis, is a clear example of behavioral defense. For Apis mellifera, an increased propolis content in the hive may correspond to variations in the microbial load of the colony and to a down-regulation of an individual bee's immune response. However, many aspects of such antimicrobial mechanism still need to be clarified...
August 10, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761114/absence-of-deformed-wing-virus-and-varroa-destructor-in-australia-provides-unique-perspectives-on-honeybee-viral-landscapes-and-colony-losses
#20
John M K Roberts, Denis L Anderson, Peter A Durr
Honeybee (Apis mellifera) health is threatened globally by the complex interaction of multiple stressors, including the parasitic mite Varroa destructor and a number of pathogenic viruses. Australia provides a unique opportunity to study this pathogenic viral landscape in the absence of V. destructor. We analysed 1,240A. mellifera colonies across Australia by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and next-generation sequencing (NGS). Five viruses were prevalent: black queen cell virus (BQCV), sacbrood virus (SBV), Israeli acute paralysis virus (IAPV) and the Lake Sinai viruses (LSV1 and LSV2), of which the latter three were detected for the first time in Australia...
July 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
80405
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"