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Ring fixator

Wenhao Song, Dongsheng Zhou, Yu He
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical characteristics between bilateral and unilateral lumbo-iliac fixation in unilateral comminuted sacral fractures (USF) by finite element analysis. METHODS: A 3-dimensional finite element model of unilateral sacral fractures was simulated. Three kinds of implants were instrumented into the model, including the unilateral lumbopelvic fixation (ULF), bilateral lumbopelvic fixation (BLF), and unilateral iliac fixation with bilateral lumbar pedicle screws (UBF)...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Chun Bi, Qiugen Wang, Christopher Nagelli, Jianhong Wu, Qian Wang, Jiandong Wang
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the clinical results of treatment for unstable posterior pelvic fractures using a pedicle screw-rod fixator compared to use of a locking compression plate. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective study was performed between June 2010 and May 2014 and the data were collected from 46 patients with unstable posterior pelvic ring fractures. All patients were treated using either a pedicle screw-rod fixator (study group, 24 patients) or locking compression plate (control group, 22 patients)...
October 17, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Nicholas Quercetti, Brandon Horne, Zac DiPaolo, Michael J Prayson
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, operative fixation of pelvic and acetabular injuries involves complex approaches and significant complications. Accelerated rehabilitation, decreased soft tissue stripping and decreased wound complications are several benefits driving a recent interest in percutaneous fixation. We describe a new fluoroscopic view to guide the placement of screws within the anterior pelvic ring. METHODS: Twenty retrograde anterior pelvic ring screws were percutaneously placed in ten cadaveric specimens...
October 7, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Sei Yano, Yasuchika Aoki, Atsuya Watanabe, Takayuki Nakajima, Makoto Takazawa, Hiroyuki Hirasawa, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Koichi Nakagawa, Arata Nakajima, Hiroshi Takahashi, Sumihisa Orita, Yawara Eguchi, Takane Suzuki, Seiji Ohtori
Pelvic ring fractures are defined as life-threatening injuries that can be treated surgically with external or internal fixation. The authors report on an 81-year-old woman with an unstable pelvic fracture accompanying multiple traumas that was successfully treated with a less invasive procedure. The patient was injured in a traffic accident and sustained a total of 20 fractures, including pelvic ring, bilateral rib, and lumbar transverse processes fractures, and multiple fractures of both upper and lower extremities...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
James Richman, Adam Cota, Steven Weinfeld
BACKGROUND: Surgical strategies to address deformities of the ankle and hindfoot in patients with Charcot arthropathy include the use of retrograde intramedullary nails and ring fixators. The literature has not shown superiority of one technique over the other. This study presents a single surgeon's case series of Charcot arthropathy patients treated with either a ring fixator or retrograde intramedullary nail to achieve tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 27 consecutive patients with Charcot arthropathy who underwent a tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis using either a retrograde intramedullary (IM) nail (n = 16 patients) or a ring fixator (RF) (n = 11 patients) by a single surgeon...
October 2, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
R Rohilla, J Wadhwani, A Devgan, R Singh, M Khanna
AIMS: This is a prospective randomised study which compares the radiological and functional outcomes of ring and rail fixators in patients with an infected gap (> 3 cm) nonunion of the tibia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between May 2008 and February 2013, 70 patients were treated at our Institute for a posttraumatic osseocutaneous defect of the tibia measuring at least 3 cm. These were randomised into two groups of 35 patients using the lottery method. Group I patients were treated with a ring fixator and group II patients with a rail fixator...
October 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Nader S Alkenani, Mariam A Alosfoor, Abdulaziz K Al-Araifi, Hala A Alnuaim
INTRODUCTION: This is a case report of extreme lengthening of the tibia of about 14.5cm using bone transport technique following road traffic accident trauma to the lower limbs. The management of the subsequent massive skeletal defects was challenging to orthopedic surgeons. Based on reported cases, the highest tibial lengthening was 22cm using bifocal transport, while the highest unifocal tibial lengthening reached 14.5cm. CASE PRESENTATION: A 20-year-old male driver was brought to the emergency department after a road traffic accident...
September 3, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Justin F Lucas, Milton L Chip Routt, Jonathan G Eastman
Stabilization of posterior pelvic ring injuries is increasingly performed using percutaneously placed iliosacral and transiliac-transsacral screws. Understanding the unique and specific anatomical variations present in each patient is paramount. Multiple methods of evaluating potential osseous fixation pathways for screw placement exist, but many require specific imaging protocols, specialized software, or modification of data. Not all surgeons and institutions have access to these options for a variety of reasons...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
A J Stevenson, B Swartman, A T Bucknill
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous internal fixation of pelvic fractures is increasing in popularity with multiple new techniques reported. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to outline the imaging, indication, planning, equipment, surgical technique and complications of these methods. METHODS: A review of the literature is provided and the techniques for anterior and posterior pelvic stabilisation are discussed. RESULTS: High-quality preoperative CT scans are essential in planning for this technique...
September 22, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
A J Stevenson, B Swartman, A T Bucknill
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous internal fixation of pelvic fractures is increasing in popularity with multiple new techniques reported. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to outline the imaging, indication, planning, equipment, surgical technique and complications of these methods. METHODS: A review of the literature is provided and the techniques for anterior and posterior pelvic stabilization are discussed. RESULTS: High-quality preoperative CT scans are essential in planning for this technique...
October 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
Kevin Phan, Ralph J Mobbs
Anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) is one of the surgical procedures for the relief of chronic back pain, radiculopathy and neurogenic claudication in patients with degenerative lumbar spine disease that is refractory to conservative therapy, low-grade spondylolisthesis and pseudo arthrosis. Over the past half century, both the surgical techniques and instrumentation required for ALIF have changed significantly. In particular, the designs of ALIF cage and the materials used have evolved dramatically, the common goal being to improve fusion rates and optimize clinical outcomes...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Surgery
Emily J Morrison, Alan S Litsky, Matthew J Allen, Geoffrey T Fosgate, Bianca F Hettlich
OBJECTIVE: To assess technical feasibility and mechanical properties of 3 locking plate designs (Zero-P, Zero-P VA, and Uniplate 2) for use in the canine cervical spine. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective ex vivo study. ANIMALS: Cadaver cervical spines from skeletally mature large breed dogs (n = 18). METHODS: Specimens were screened using radiography and allocated into balanced groups based on bone density. Stiffness of intact C4-C5 vertebral motion units was measured in extension, flexion, and lateral bending using nondestructive 4-point bend testing...
October 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Hyoung-Keun Oh, Suk Kyu Choo, Jung-Jae Kim, Mark Lee
BACKGROUND: The Stoppa (intrapelvic) approach has been introduced for the treatment of pelvic-acetabular fractures; it allows easy exposure of the pelvic brim, where the bone quality is optimal for screw fixation. The purpose of our study was to investigate the surgical outcomes of unstable pelvic ring injuries treated using the Stoppa approach for stable anterior ring fixation. METHODS: We analyzed 22 cases of unstable pelvic ring injury treated with plate fixation of the anterior ring with the Stoppa approach...
September 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Stela Vujosevic, Porzia Pucci, Margerita Casciano, Evelyn Longhin, Enrica Convento, Silvia Bini, Edoardo Midena
PURPOSE: To evaluate functional changes (retinal sensitivity and fixation characteristics) determined by microperimetry in patients with early and intermediate AMD over 6 years. METHODS: Prospective, longitudinal follow-up (FU) study of 16 patients (29 eyes) with early and intermediate AMD (AREDS 2 and AREDS 3 classification). All eyes underwent: complete ophthalmic examination with best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) determination, color fundus photo (CFP), optical coherence tomography and microperimetry...
August 31, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Lianhua Li, Jixin Ren, Jia Liu, Hao Wang, Qinghua Sang, Zhi Liu, Tiansheng Sun
BACKGROUND: Hip dislocation after treatment of a femoral neck fracture with a hemiarthroplasty remains an important problem in the treatment of hip fractures, but the associations between patient factors and surgical factors, and how these factors contribute to dislocation in patients who have undergone bipolar hemiarthroplasty through an anterolateral approach for femoral neck fracture currently are only poorly characterized. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We evaluated patients with bipolar hemiarthroplasty dislocation after surgery for femoral neck fracture treated through an anterolateral approach and asked: (1) What are the frequency, characteristics, and risk factors of bipolar hemiarthroplasty dislocations? (2) What are the frequency, characteristics, and risk factors of bipolar hemiarthroplasty dissociations? METHODS: A review of hospital records for patients who underwent bipolar hip hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fracture at one hospital between July 2004 and August 2014 was conducted...
August 30, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Candice Y Lee, Joshua K Wong, Ronald E Ross, David C Liu, Kamal R Khabbaz, Angelo J Martellaro, Heather R Gorea, Jude S Sauer, Peter A Knight
OBJECTIVE: Prostheses attachment is critical in aortic valve replacement surgery, yet reliable prosthetic security remains a challenge. Accurate techniques to analyze prosthetic fixation pressures may enable the use of fewer sutures while reducing the risk of paravalvular leaks (PVL). METHODS: Customized digital thin film pressure transducers were sutured between aortic annulus models and 21-mm bioprosthetic valves with 15 × 4-mm, 12 × 4-mm, or 9 × 6-mm-wide pledgeted mattress sutures...
August 25, 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Amir Herman, Emily Keener, Candice Dubose, Jason A Lowe
Percutaneous sacral screw fixation is the mainstay of posterior pelvic ring fixation. This study quantifies the accuracy of fluoroscopic screw placement using post-operative CT scans and redefines the fluoroscopic safe zone using a mathematical calculation obtained from Inlet and outlet images. The authors hypothesized that a mathematical calculation of screw placement within the ala will improve accuracy of screw placement. A retrospective review of consecutive patients admitted to a level 1 trauma center with pelvic fractures fixed with iliosacral screws from January 2011 to December 2014 was performed...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Teun Teunis, Niels H Bosma, Bart Lubberts, Dirk P Ter Meulen, David Ring
We applied quantitative 3D computed tomography to 50 complete articular AO type C fractures of the distal radius and tested the null hypothesis that fracture fragments can be divided according to Melone's concept (radial styloid and volar and dorsal lunate facet fragments) and that each fragment has similar (1) displacement and (2) articular surface area. Thirty-eight fractures fit the Melone distribution of fragments. Radial styloid fragments were most displaced, and volar lunate fragments were least displaced...
April 2016: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
B Hari Krishnan, Yogesh Sharma, Girish Magdum
BACKGROUND: Unstable posterior pelvic and sacroiliac joint injuries are challenging fractures mostly managed conservatively in our military hospitals till date. We carried out a retrospective analysis of early fixation of these fractures at our hospital and compared it with the existing literature as regards its safety and efficacy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients admitted and managed by internal fixation for unstable posterior pelvic fractures was carried out for evaluation of its efficacy and safety...
July 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
T Apivatthakakul, N Rujiwattanapong
INTRODUCTION: Anterior pelvic internal fixator (INFIX) is used to treat unstable pelvic ring injuries. Nerve injury complications with this procedure have been reported. OBJECTIVES: This anatomic study attempted to identify structures at risk after application of INFIX. MATERIALS AND METHODS: INFIX was applied in fifteen fresh, frozen, anatomical specimens using polyaxial pedicular screws and subcutaneous rods. Surgical dissection was done to identify the structures at risk including the femoral nerve (FN), femoral artery (FA), femoral vein (FV) and the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) related to which are potentially affected by the implant...
October 2016: Injury
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