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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336263/environmental-radioactivity-study-of-austrian-and-bavarian-forest-ecosystems-long-term-behaviour-of-contamination-of-soil-vegetation-and-wild-boar-and-its-radioecological-coherences
#1
Maria Kocadag, Veronika Exler, Burger-Scheidlin Christopher, Andreas Baumgartner, Michael Stietka, Claudia Landstetter, Martin Korner, Franz Josef Maringer
(137)Cs and (40)K in soil, vegetation and flesh of wild boar samples from Austrian and Bavarian regions were investigated by gamma-ray spectrometry and (90)Sr in bones of wild boar with Liquid Scintillation Counting (LSC) after radiochemical separation. The soil core profiles revealed that 70-97% of the soil caesium content is still accumulated in the 0-10cm soil depth. From all vegetation samples the mushrooms, particularly the bay boletus showed the highest (137)Cs contamination. The activity concentration of (137)Cs in muscle tissue of boar ranged from 14...
March 18, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330290/successful-cloning-of-an-adult-breeding-boar-from-the-novel-chinese-guike-no-1-swine-specialized-strain
#2
Jun-Yu Nie, Xiang-Xing Zhu, Bing-Kun Xie, Su-Qun Nong, Qing-Yan Ma, Hui-Yan Xu, Xiao-Gan Yang, Yang-Qing Lu, Ke-Huan Lu, Yu-Ying Liao, Sheng-Sheng Lu
Somatic cloning, also known as somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), is a promising technology which has been expected to rapidly extend the population of elaborately selected breeding boars with superior production performance. Chinese Guike No. 1 pig breed is a novel swine specialized strain incorporated with the pedigree background of Duroc and Chinese Luchuan pig breeds, thus inherits an excellent production performance. The present study was conducted to establish somatic cloning procedures of adult breeding boars from the Chinese Guike No...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328352/identification-isolation-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-clostridium-perfringens-type-a-and-type-c-from-wild-boar-sus-scrofa-in-the-people-s-republic-of-china
#3
Meng Li, Xu Zhang, Lingwei Zhu, Haifeng Wang, Na Zhao, Jing Luo, Chengmin Wang, Yutian Wang, Yanhua Liu, Wei Zhou, Bikai Zhang, Huancheng Guo, Hongxuan He
Clostridium perfringens is a Gram-positive, anaerobic, spore-forming bacterium that can induces gas gangrene or enteritis in poultry and humans and many other mammalian species. Here, we report an outbreak of C. perfringens type A and type C coinfection in wild boars ( Sus scrofa ). In February 2016, 10 dead wild boars, including two fresh carcasses, were found in Zhaosu County, Xinjiang Province, People's Republic of China. The two fresh carcasses were included in this study. Two strains of C. perfringens were isolated, identified, genotyped, and phylogenetically analyzed...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326486/genetic-characterization-of-porcine-circovirus-type-2-in-captive-wild-boars-in-southern-brazil
#4
José Paulo Hiroji Sato, Danielle Gava, Rejane Schaefer, Maurício Egídio Cantão, Janice Reis Ciacci-Zanella, David Emilio Santos Neves de Barcellos
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) has been identified in pig population in Brazil since 2000, but scarce studies involving wild boars with PCV2 infection are reported in the country. This study aimed to perform the genetic characterization of PCV2 detected in clinically healthy captive wild boars from farms located in Southern Brazil. Bronchial and mesenteric lymph nodes from 129 clinically healthy captive wild boars were tested by nested PCR for PCV2 detection. Six out of 38 positive samples (29.5%) were submitted to a quantitative real time PCR (qPCR) and genetic sequencing...
March 22, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321029/influenza-a-virus-infection-in-japanese-wild-boars-sus-scrofa-leucomystax
#5
Hiroshi Shimoda, Dung VAN Nguyen, Kenzo Yonemitsu, Shohei Minami, Nao Nagata, Nanami Hara, Ryusei Kuwata, Shin Murakami, Yuuji Kodera, Tsutomu Takeda, Yasuhiro Yoshikawa, Taisuke Horimoto, Ken Maeda
Serum samples were collected from 385 wild boars between 2010 and 2013 to examine the seroprevalence of influenza A virus (IAV) in Japan. Antibodies against IAV were identified using a commercial kit in 13 wild boars (3.4%). To identify the serotypes, positive sera were examined by virus-neutralization test using representative serotypes and strains. Three wild boars in Yamaguchi and four in Tochigi showed the highest antibody titers against the pandemic H1N1 2009 virus and classical swine H1N1 virus strains, respectively...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303673/assessment-of-the-risk-of-african-swine-fever-introduction-into-finland-using-nora-a-rapid-tool-for-semiquantitative-assessment-of-the-risk
#6
J Kyyrö, L Sahlström, T Lyytikäinen
The NORA rapid risk assessment tool was developed for situations where there is a change in the disease status of easily transmissible animal diseases in neighbouring countries or in countries with significant interactions with Finland. The goal was to develop a tool that is quick to use and will provide consistent results to support risk management decisions. The model contains 63 questions that define the potential for entry and exposure by nine different pathways. The magnitude of the consequences is defined by 23 statements...
March 16, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300645/boar-hunting-and-brucellosis-caused-by-brucella-suis
#7
REVIEW
Carlos Franco-Paredes, Daniel Chastain, Peter Taylor, Stephen Stocking, Brenda Sellers
Brucellosis remains as a significant public health concern in many areas where the infection persists in domestic hosts (i.e. goats, cattle, and domestic swine) with subsequent risk of transmission to human populations. Brucellosis caused by B. suis remains an important threat to human populations in many countries exposed to domestic and feral swine. In the U.S., swine brucellosis has been under control for many years. Meanwhile, it is a widespread infection among feral swine, particularly in the Southeastern United States; and exposure to infected animals pose a growing threat to humans...
March 12, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300151/insights-into-early-pig-domestication-provided-by-ancient-dna-analysis
#8
Amke Caliebe, Almut Nebel, Cheryl Makarewicz, Michael Krawczak, Ben Krause-Kyora
Pigs (Sus scrofa) were first domesticated between 8,500 and 8,000 cal BC in the Near East, from where they were subsequently brought into Europe by agriculturalists. Soon after the arrival of the first domestic pigs in northern Europe (~4500 BC), farmers are thought to have started to incorporate local wild boars into their swine herds. This husbandry strategy ultimately resulted in the domestication of European wild boars. Here, we set out to provide a more precise geographic and temporal framework of the early management of suid populations in northern Europe, drawing upon mitochondrial DNA haplotype data from 116 Neolithic Sus specimens...
March 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296340/lactadherin-is-a-candidate-oviduct-lewis-x-trisaccharide-receptor-on-porcine-spermatozoa
#9
E Silva, D Frost, L Li, N Bovin, D J Miller
A recent study has demonstrated that porcine spermatozoa recognize with high affinity carbohydrate structures containing Lewis X motifs. Sperm adhesion to Lewis X is proposed to mediate sperm binding to the oviduct epithelium to form a reservoir. The objective of this study was to identify Lewis X-binding proteins from porcine spermatozoa as candidate receptors for oviduct glycans. To identify low-abundance proteins typically masked by proteins originating from seminal fluid, Lewis X candidate receptors were enriched from cauda epididymal boar spermatozoa...
March 15, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296281/understanding-african-swine-fever-infection-dynamics-in-sardinia-using-a-spatially-explicit-transmission-model-in-domestic-pig-farms
#10
L Mur, J M Sánchez-Vizcaíno, E Fernández-Carrión, C Jurado, S Rolesu, F Feliziani, A Laddomada, B Martínez-López
African swine fever virus (ASFV) has been endemic in Sardinia since 1978, resulting in severe losses for local pig producers and creating important problems for the island's veterinary authorities. This study used a spatially explicit stochastic transmission model followed by two regression models to investigate the dynamics of ASFV spread amongst domestic pig farms, to identify geographic areas at highest risk and determine the role of different susceptible pig populations (registered domestic pigs, non-registered domestic pigs [brado] and wild boar) in ASF occurrence...
March 13, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294422/-post-mortem-examination-of-the-reproductive-organs-of-female-wild-boars-sus-scrofa-in-sweden
#11
Anna Malmsten, Gunnar Jansson, Anne-Marie Dalin
In recent decades, wild boars (Sus scrofa) have increased in numbers and distribution in Europe. Compared to other wild ungulates of similar body size, wild boars have a high reproductive capacity. To increase the knowledge of wild boar reproduction, the objective of this study was to investigate characteristics of reproductive organs, and to provide information on the occurrence of abnormalities in reproductive organs from free-ranging female wild boars. Between December 2011 and December 2015, reproductive organs from female wild boars (>30 kg body weight), were collected during hunting in four Swedish counties at estates where supplementary feeding was applied...
March 13, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287135/visual-detection-and-differentiation-of-classic-swine-fever-virus-strains-using-nucleic-acid-sequence-based-amplification-nasba-and-g-quadruplex-dnazyme-assay
#12
Xiaolu Lu, Xueyao Shi, Gege Wu, Tiantian Wu, Rui Qin, Yi Wang
The split G-quadruplex DNAzyme has emerged as a valuable tool for visual DNA detection. Here, we successfully integrated colorimetric split G-quadruplex DNAzyme assay with nucleic acid sequence-based amplification to generate a novel detection approach, allowing visual and rapid detection for the RNA of Shimen and HCLV strains of Classic Swine Fever Virus (CSFV). CSFV is a RNA virus that causes a highly contagious disease in domestic pigs and wild boar. With this method, we were able to detect as little as 10 copies/ml of CSF viral RNA within 3 h in serum samples taken from the field...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285512/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-wild-boars-wild-rabbits-and-wild-chickens-in-hubei-province-china
#13
Houqiang Luo, Kun Li, Muhammad Shahzad, Hui Zhang, Yanfang Lan, Xiong Xiong
Toxoplasma gondii causes serious infection worldwide in humans and animals. In this study, the seroepidemiology of toxoplasmosis was investigated in wild boars (Sus scrofa) (n=377), wild rabbits (cape hare, Lapus capensis) (n=331), and wild chickens (red junglefwol, Gallus gallus) (n=571) in 4 forested and country sided area of Hubei province of China. For this, blood samples were collected and tested by indirect hemagglutination test (IHA). The seroprevalence was found to be 7.2%, 5.1%, and 12.6% in wild boars, rabbits, and chickens, respectively, with significant differences among these species...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283072/presence-of-ail-and-ystb-genes-in-yersinia-enterocolitica-biotype-1a-isolates-from-game-animals-in-poland
#14
A Platt-Samoraj, K Syczyło, A Szczerba-Turek, A Bancerz-Kisiel, A Jabłoński, S Łabuć, J Pajdak, N Oshakbaeva, W Szweda
The pathogenicity of Yersinia enterocolitica is associated with the presence of plasmid and chromosomal virulence genes. Strains belonging to biotype 1A do not possess pYV plasmids, often harbour the ystB gene and usually lack the ail gene, which is the main virulence marker for Y. enterocolitica. The simultaneous presence of ail and ystB is uncommon. In this study, 21/218 (9.6%) biotype 1A Y. enterocolitica isolates from rectal swabs of wild boar (Sus scrofa; n = 18), red deer (Cervus elaphus; n = 2) and roe deer (Capreolus capreolus; n = 1) in Poland harboured both ail and ystB genes...
March 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279507/germ-cell-apoptosis-and-expression-of-bcl-2-and-bax-in-porcine-testis-under-normal-and-heat-stress-conditions
#15
Xiaorui Fan, Huaming Xi, Zhen Zhang, Yajun Liang, Qinghong Li, Junping He
The aim of this study was to examine whether an elevated ambient temperature (37-40°C) had an effect on the apoptosis of germ cells and the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in porcine testis. Six boars were used. Three boars were subjected to an elevated ambient temperature (37-40°C, 7days, 3h per day) as a heat stress (HS) group. The other 3 boars were kept in a room temperature house (20-27°C) as a control group. All boars were castrated and the testes were harvested. TUNEL assay was used for the detection of apoptotic cells...
March 6, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278286/correction-oxidative-stress-in-wild-boars-naturally-and-experimentally-infected-with-mycobacterium-bovis
#16
Diana Gassó, Joaquín Vicente, Gregorio Mentaberre, Ramón Soriguer, Rocío Jiménez Rodríguez, Nora Navarro-González, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, Santiago Lavín, Pedro Fernández-Llario, Joaquim Segalés, Emmanuel Serrano
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0163971.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274764/how-much-does-it-cost-to-look-like-a-pig-in-a-wild-boar-group
#17
Daniele Battocchio, Laura Iacolina, Antonio Canu, Emiliano Mori
Hybridization between domestic and wild species is known to widely occur and it is reported to be one of the major causes of the current biodiversity crisis. Despite this, poor attention has been deserved to the behavioural ecology of hybrids, in particular in relation to their social behaviour. We carried out a camera trap study to assess whether phenotypically anomalous colouration in wild boar, i.e. potentially introgressed with domestic pigs, affected the hierarchical structure of wild boar social groups...
March 6, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271815/wild-game-consumption-habits-among-italian-shooters-relevance-for-intakes-of-cadmium-perfluorooctanesulphonic-acid-and-137-cesium-as-priority-contaminants
#18
Mauro Ferri, Loredana Baldi, Stefania Cavallo, Roberta Pellicanò, Gianfranco Brambilla
The consumption habits of 766 Italian shooters (96% males, 4% females), on average 52 years old, have been investigated, in Italy, through the distribution of questionnaires delivered during shooters' attendance to training and teaching courses, in compliance with 853/2004/EC Regulation provisions on food hygiene. The most consumed wild species recorded were pheasant > woodcock > choke among feathered animals, and wild boar > hare > roe deer among mammals, respectively. An average of 100-200 g game per serving (four servings per month) was consumed, with highest intakes of 3000 g per month; meat, liver, and heart were the preferred food items...
March 8, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270911/relationship-between-hsp90a-npc2-and-l-pgds-proteins-to-boar-semen-freezability
#19
Julián Valencia, Germán Gómez, Walter López, Henry Mesa, Francisco Javier Henao
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the association of three proteins involved in sperm function on the freezability of porcine semen: the heat shock protein 90 alpha (HSP90a), the Niemann-Pick disease type C2 protein (NPC2), and lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS). Six adult boars (each boar was ejaculated three times, 18 in total) were classified by freezability based on the percentage of functionally competent sperm. The male semen with highest freezability (MHF) and the male semen with lowest freezability (MLF) were centrifuged immediately after collection to separate seminal plasma and spermatozoa to make four possible combinations of these two components and to incubate them for 3 h, adjusting the temperature to 17 °C, to freeze them afterwards...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268040/long-term-liquid-storage-and-reproductive-evaluation-of-an-innovative-boar-semen-extender-formula12-%C3%A2-containing-a-non-reducing-disaccharide-and-an-enzymatic-agent
#20
Carla Bresciani, Annalisa Bianchera, Ruggero Bettini, Annamaria Buschini, Laura Marchi, Clotilde Silvia Cabassi, Alberto Sabbioni, Federico Righi, Claudio Mazzoni, Enrico Parmigiani
There are no reports of saccharolytic enzymes being used in the preparation of formulations for animal semen extenders. In the present study, the use of an innovative semen extender (Formula12(®)) in the long-term liquid storage of boar semen at 17°C was evaluated. The formulation included use of a disaccharide (sucrose) as the energy source precursor coupled to an enzymatic agent (invertase). The innovative extender was evaluated and compared in vitro to a commercial extender (Vitasem LD(®)) for the following variables: Total Motility (TM), Forward Progressive Motility (FPM), sperm morphology, membrane integrity, acrosome integrity, and chromatin instability...
February 24, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
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