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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531658/co-plantation-of-aquatic-macrophytes-typha-angustifolia-and-paspalum-scrobiculatum-for-effective-treatment-of-textile-industry-effluent
#1
Vishal V Chandanshive, Niraj R Rane, Asif S Tamboli, Avinash R Gholave, Rahul V Khandare, Sanjay P Govindwar
Field treatment of textile industry effluent was carried out in constructed drenches (91.4m×1.2m×0.6m; 65.8m(3)) planted independently with Typha angustifolia, Paspalum scrobiculatum and their co-plantation (consortium-TP). The in situ treatment of effluent by T. angustifolia, P. scrobiculatum and consortium-TP was found to decrease ADMI color value by 62, 59 and 76%, COD by 65, 63 and 70%, BOD by 68, 63 and 75%, TDS by 45, 39 and 57%, and TSS by 35, 31 and 47%, respectively within 96h. Heavy metals such as arsenic, cadmium, chromium and lead were also removed up to 28-77% after phytoremediation...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530181/green-synthesis-of-cuo-nanoparticles-loaded-on-the-seashell-surface-using-rumex-crispus-seeds-extract-and-its-catalytic-applications-for-reduction-of-dyes
#2
Akbar Rostami-Vartooni
In this study, CuO nanoparticles supported on the seashell (CuO NPs/seashell) was prepared using Rumex crispus seeds extract as a chelating and capping agent. The prepared nanocomposite was characterised by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The particle size of CuO NPs on the seashell sheets was in the range of 8-60 nm. Catalytic ability of CuO NPs/seashell was investigated for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) and Congo red (CR)...
June 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530011/carbon-hybridized-montmorillonite-nanosheets-preparation-structural-evolution-and-enhanced-adsorption-performance
#3
Kang Peng, Huaming Yang
Carbon hybridized montmorillonite nanosheets (C/MMT) were successfully prepared by mixing intercalation, hydrothermal carbonization and calcination pyrolysis of montmorillonite and sucrose. The amount adsorbed on C/MMT reaches 0.84 g g(-1) at a Congo red concentration of 1.0 g L(-1), which could be attributed to their special structures and synergistic sorption.
May 22, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526075/testing-times-trends-in-availability-price-and-market-share-of-malaria-diagnostics-in-the-public-and-private-healthcare-sector-across-eight-sub-saharan-african-countries-from-2009-to-2015
#4
Kara Hanson, Catherine Goodman
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization guidelines have recommended that all cases of suspected malaria should receive a confirmatory test with microscopy or a malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT), however evidence from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) illustrates that only one-third of children under five with a recent fever received a test. The aim of this study was to evaluate availability, price and market share of microscopy and RDT from 2009/11 to 2014/15 in 8 SSA countries, to better understand barriers to improving access to malaria confirmatory testing in the public and private health sectors...
May 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524326/family-planning-knowledge-and-use-among-women-in-camps-for-internally-displaced-people-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#5
Rogatien M Kisindja, Christophe Kimona, Modestine Etoy, Florby Dorme, Nerys Benfield
OBJECTIVE: To describe family planning awareness and needs among internally displaced women residing in the Mugunga camps in North Kivu, eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of women aged 14-45 years residing in the Mugunga camps was conducted during March 2014. The verbally administered survey assessed participants' obstetric history and their family planning knowledge, interest, and use. Descriptive statistics were obtained...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524019/in-vitro-ability-of-mastitis-causing-pathogens-to-form-biofilms
#6
Sarah Schönborn, Nicole Wente, Jan-Hendrik Paduch, Volker Krömker
This Research Communication describes the study of in vitro biofilm formation of mastitis causing pathogens. Biofilms are communities of bacteria that are attached to a surface and to each other and are embedded in a self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substances. Biofilm formation is an important virulence factor that may result in recurrent or persistent udder infections and treatment failure through increased resistance to antibiotics and protection against host defences. In the present study 252 bacterial isolates from milk samples from bovine udder quarters with intramammary infections were examined with Congo Red agar (CRA) method and tube method (TM) for their ability to form biofilms...
May 2017: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523615/a-facile-route-for-preparation-of-magnetic-biomass-activated-carbon-with-high-performance-for-removal-of-dye-pollutants
#7
Hao Luo, Shengxiao Zhang, Xiaoyan Li, Qiang Xu, Junshen Liu, Zhenhua Wang
A novel and simple method for preparing magnetic biomass activated carbon (BAC) was developed. The BAC was prepared by decomposing fallen leaves, and magnetic nanoparticles were grown in situ on BAC using solvothermal method. The prepared magnetic BAC was characterized with FT-IR, XRD, vibrating sample magnetometer, thermo-gravimetric apparatus, SEM, and high-resolution transmission electron microscope, and results indicate that BAC and magnetic nanoparticles were combined together successfully. To investigate the adsorption ability of the composites, several dyes were selected as sample pollutants, and the sorbent showed high adsorption capacity for the dyes...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523366/the-effect-of-cigarette-price-increases-on-cigarette-consumption-tax-revenue-and-smoking-related-death-in-africa-from-1999-to-2013
#8
Li-Ming Ho, Christian Schafferer, Jie-Min Lee, Chun-Yuan Yeh, Chi-Jung Hsieh
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the effects of price hikes on cigarette consumption, tobacco tax revenues, and reduction in smoking-caused mortality in 36 African countries. METHODS: Using panel data from the 1999-2013 Euromonitor International, the World Bank and the World Health Organization, we applied fixed-effects and random-effects regression models of panel data to estimate the elasticity of cigarette prices and simulate the effect of price fluctuations...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523319/amyloidosis-a-rare-cause-of-refractory-heart-failure-in-a-young-female
#9
Irina Iuliana Costache, Claudia Florida Costea, Mihai Danciu, Victor Vlad Costan, Viviana Aursulesei, Gabriela FlorenŢa Dumitrescu, Mihaela Dana Turliuc, Anca Sava
Cardiac amyloidosis may occur in any type of systemic amyloidosis. The clinical picture is often characterized by restrictive cardiomyopathy. We report the case of a 41-year-old female patient admitted to the Department of Cardiology with clinical signs of right heart failure: congested jugular veins, hepatomegaly, peripheral edema, ascites associated with atrial fibrillation, low values of arterial blood pressure and oliguria. Echocardiographic findings were helpful for the diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis: enlarged atrial cavities, normal size ventricles, thickened ventricular septum and posterior left ventricle wall with normal left ventricular ejection fraction, mitral and tricuspid regurgitation...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520715/geographical-distribution-of-complement-receptor-type-1-variants-and-their-associated-disease-risk
#10
Thaisa Lucas Sandri, Selorme Adukpo, Dao Phuong Giang, Christian N Nguetse, Fabiana Antunes Andrade, Hoang van Tong, Nguyen Linh Toan, Le Huu Song, Preetham Elumalai, Kumarasamy Thangaraj, Vijaya Lakshmi Valluri, Francine Ntoumi, Christian G Meyer, Iara Jose de Messias Reason, Peter G Kremsner, Thirumalaisamy P Velavan
BACKGROUND: Pathogens exert selective pressure which may lead to substantial changes in host immune responses. The human complement receptor type 1 (CR1) is an innate immune recognition glycoprotein that regulates the activation of the complement pathway and removes opsonized immune complexes. CR1 genetic variants in exon 29 have been associated with expression levels, C1q or C3b binding and increased susceptibility to several infectious diseases. Five distinct CR1 nucleotide substitutions determine the Knops blood group phenotypes, namely Kna/b, McCa/b, Sl1/Sl2, Sl4/Sl5 and KCAM+/-...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28519899/hepatic-aa-amyloidosis-in-a-cat-cytologic-and-histologic-identification-of-aa-amyloid-in-macrophages
#11
Sakurako Neo-Suzuki, Takayuki Mineshige, Junichi Kamiie, Hideki Kayanuma, Yukako Mochizuki, Masaharu Hisasue, Ryo Tsuchiya, Kinji Shirota
A 3-year-old, spayed female, Domestic Shorthair cat presented with anorexia, lethargy, vomiting, probable hemoabdomen, and multiple masses on the right lateral liver lobe. Clinicopathologic and imaging abnormalities included anemia, azotemia, icterus, and hepatomegaly with hypoechoic masses. On cytologic evaluation of a fine-needle aspiration of a liver mass there was abundant extracellular pink- to purple-colored material between hepatocytes. The amorphous material was stained with direct fast scarlet (DFS), and green birefringent areas were observed under polarized light, confirming the presence of amyloid...
May 18, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518037/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-in-migrant-worker-returning-from-oman-to-india-2016
#12
Pragya D Yadav, Sachin Thacker, Deepak Y Patil, Rajlaxmi Jain, Devendra T Mourya
In January 2016, a migrant worker who returned home to India after becoming ill in Oman was confirmed to have Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF). Physicians should include CCHF in the differential diagnosis for patients with hemorrhagic signs and a history of recent travel to any area where CCHF is endemic or prevalent.
June 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516937/ebola-outbreak-in-the-congo-tuberculosis-drug-resistance-in-russia-and-gm-mustard-seeds-in-india
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515298/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus-nucleocapsid-protein-augments-mrna-translation
#14
Subbiah Jeeva, Erdong Cheng, Safder S Ganaie, Mohammad A Mir
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) is a tick-borne nairovirus of the Bunyaviridae family, causing severe illness with high mortality rates in humans. Here we demonstrate that CCHFV nucleocapsid protein (CCHFV-NP) augments mRNA translation. CCHFV-NP binds to the viral mRNA 5' UTR with high affinity. It facilitates the translation of reporter mRNA both in vivo and in vitro with the assistance of viral mRNA 5' UTR. CCHFV-NP equally favors the translation of both capped and uncapped mRNAs, demonstrating the independence of this translation strategy on the 5' cap...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514225/vector-and-serologic-survey-for-crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus-in-poland
#15
Barbara A Bażanów, Jarosław Pacoń, Łukasz Gadzała, Agnieszka Frącka, Mirosław Welz, Janusz Paweska
In contrast to animals, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) causes a severe disease in humans with a high mortality rate. The etiological agent, CCHF virus (CCHFV), can be transmitted by argasid and ixodid ticks, but arachnids of the genus Hyalomma, followed by Rhipicephalus and Dermacentor serve as the major vectors of this virus. The goal of the study was to assess the epidemiological situation of CCHFV infection in cattle in south-east Poland, and survey for potential tick vector species. A total of 592 bovine blood samples from animals located in the southernmost region in Poland were tested by IgG sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
May 17, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513837/maternal-near-miss-in-low-resource-areas
#16
Robert L Goldenberg, Sarah Saleem, Sumera Ali, Janet L Moore, Adrien Lokangako, Antoinette Tshefu, Musaku Mwenechanya, Elwyn Chomba, Ana Garces, Lester Figueroa, Shivaprasad Goudar, Bhalachandra Kodkany, Archana Patel, Fabian Esamai, Paul Nsyonge, Margo S Harrison, Melissa Bauserman, Carl L Bose, Nancy F Krebs, K Michael Hambidge, Richard J Derman, Patricia L Hibberd, Edward A Liechty, Dennis D Wallace, Jose M Belizan, Menachem Miodovnik, Marion Koso-Thomas, Waldemar A Carlo, Alan H Jobe, Elizabeth M McClure
OBJECTIVE: To describe the Global Network Near-Miss Maternal Mortality System and its application in seven sites. METHODS: In a population-based study, pregnant women eligible for enrollment in the Maternal and Newborn Health Registry at seven sites (Democratic Republic of the Congo; Guatemala; Belagavi and Nagpur, India; Kenya; Pakistan; and Zambia) between January 2014 and April 2016 were screened to identify those likely to have a near-miss event. The WHO maternal near-miss criteria were modified for low-resource settings...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508970/glomerulopathy-with-distinctive-fibrillar-deposits-but-lacking-glomerular-deposition-of-type-iii-collagen
#17
Tatsuo Yamamoto, Akashi Togawa, Masanobu Eguchi, Naro Ohashi, Hideo Yasuda, Yutaka Harita, Motoshi Hattori, Yutaka Yamaguchi, Kunio Ohyama
A 62-year-old woman with nephrotic syndrome underwent a renal biopsy. Under light microscopy, the biopsy findings included lobulation and enlargement of glomeruli, occasional thickening of glomerular capillary walls, and narrowing of the capillary lumen by swollen endothelial cells. Congo red staining was negative for amyloid. No significant intraglomerular fibrin deposition was found by phosphotungstic acid hematoxylin staining. Immunofluorescence microscopy showed no deposition of immunoglobulin G, A, or M; no κ or λ light chains; and no C3 or C1q...
November 2016: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503303/a-study-on-hiv-syphilis-and-hepatitis-b-and-c-virus-infections-among-female-sex-workers-in-the-republic-of-congo
#18
Fabien Roch Niama, Nadia Claricelle Loukabou Bongolo, Pembe Issamou Mayengue, Franck Fortuné Mboussou, Edith Sophie Kombo Bayonne, Florian Michael Kouckodila Nzingoula, Louis Regis Dossou-Yovo, Igor Louzolo, Mandingha Kosso Etoka-Beka, Achile Lanzy, Irène Yameogo, Davy Louvouezo, Simon Charles Kobawila, Marie-Francke Puruhence, Henri Joseph Parra
BACKGROUND: Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are considered to be at high risk for transmission of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and are defined as a priority of the national HIV/AIDS response in the Republic of Congo (RoC). However, no data are available regarding STIs in this group. This study aimed to determine the prevalences of HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B and C among FSWs in five cities in the country. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2(nd) 2011 to May 15(th) 2012...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502956/evaluation-of-biofilm-forming-ability-of-bacterial-strains-isolated-from-the-roof-of-an-old-house
#19
Marwa Jardak, Faten Abdelli, Rahma Laadhar, Raphael Lami, Didier Stien, Sami Aifa, Sami Mnif
The bacterial diversity associated with biofilm-forming ability was studied. Eighteen bacterial strains were isolated from a microbial film collected from the roof of an old house located in Sfax, Tunisia. The purity of these microorganisms was confirmed by microscopic observation after repeated streaking on a Tryptic Soy agar medium. Biofilm formation was estimated using preliminary tests including a motility test, microbial adhesion to solvents (MATS), and the Congo Red Agar method (CRA). Since these tests showed no significant result, microplate tests, such as crystal violet and resazurin assays, were used...
May 15, 2017: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501643/efficient-wastewater-treatment-and-simultaneously-electricity-production-using-a-photocatalytic-fuel-cell-based-on-the-radical-chain-reactions-initiated-by-dual-photoelectrodes
#20
Kai Zhao, Jing Bai, Qingyi Zeng, Yan Zhang, Jinhua Li, Linsen Li, Ligang Xia, Baoxue Zhou
Efficient conversion of wastewater into clean energy was achieved by applying a radical chain reaction strategy in a solar responsive photocatalytic fuel cell (PFC) system. The system was constructed with two photoelectrodes where ferrous ions were added to enhance the radical reactions for organic pollutants degradation from the surface of electrodes to the whole solution system via coming into a continuous radical chain reaction. The results indicated that the short-circuit current (Jsc) and the power density (JVmax) obtained in the PFC system is up to 1...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
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