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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782696/routine-antenatal-ultrasound-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-first-look-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#1
Robert L Goldenberg, Robert O Nathan, David Swanson, Sarah Saleem, Waseem Mirza, Fabian Esamai, David Muyodi, Ana L Garces, Lester Figueroa, Elwyn Chomba, Melody Chiwala, Musaku Mwenechanya, Antoinette Tshefu, Adrien Lokangako, Victor Lokomba Bolamba, Janet L Moore, Holly Franklin, Jonathan Swanson, Edward A Liechty, Carl L Bose, Nancy F Krebs, K Michael Hambidge, Waldemar A Carlo, Nancy Kanaiza, Farnaz Naqvi, Irma Sayury Pineda, Walter López-Gomez, Dorothy Hamsumonde, Margo S Harrison, Marion Koso-Thomas, Menachem Miodovnik, Dennis D Wallace, Elizabeth M McClure
OBJECTIVE: Ultrasound is widely regarded as an important adjunct to antenatal care (ANC) to guide practice and reduce perinatal mortality. We assessed the impact of ANC ultrasound use at health centers in resource-limited countries. DESIGN: Cluster randomized trial. SETTING: Clusters within five countries (Democratic Republic of Congo, Guatemala, Kenya, Pakistan and Zambia). METHODS: Clusters were randomized to standard ANC or standard care plus two ultrasounds and referral for complications...
May 21, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782249/-transthyretin-amyloidosis-in-a-cohort-of-old-and-very-old-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#2
A A Poliakova, E N Semernin, M Y Sitnikova, K L Аvagyan, R V Grozov, S A Pyko, A N Krutikov, V G Davydova, K A Khmelnitskaya, M M Shavloskii, D E Korzhevskii, A Y Gudkova
BACKGROUND: Life-time diagnostics of wild type transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR(wt)-amyloidosis) is virtually absent, even though ATTR(wt)-amyloidosis is an underestimated cause for morbidity and mortality, particularly in the older age group. AIM: To study incidence, demographic characteristics, and morpho-functional features of ATTR(wt)-amyloidosis in patients with FC IV CHF and LV hypertrophy > 15 mm according to autopsy data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Postmortem reports were retrospectively analyzed for patients (n=141; 19 % males, 81 % females) of cardiology departments aged ≥69 with the underlying CHF syndrome...
2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778969/social-support-under-siege-an-analysis-of-forced-migration-among-women-from-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#3
Karin Wachter, Lauren E Gulbas
In 2016, researchers conducted a qualitative study in a mid-sized town in the United States to address gaps in research and practice related to psychosocial consequences of forced migration among women. The loss of social support and its impacts on the well-being of women are rarely addressed in refugee resettlement policy or practice overwhelmingly concerned with economic self-sufficiency. The study sought to develop theory to explain how women (n = 27) who migrated from the Democratic Republic of the Congo recreate social support post-resettlement in the United States...
May 3, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778084/carbon-composite-lignin-based-adsorbents-for-the-adsorption-of-dyes
#4
Xiaohong Wang, Chenglong Jiang, Bingxia Hou, Yingying Wang, Chen Hao, Jingbo Wu
Carbon composite lignin-based adsorbent were prepared through hydrothermal method with glucose as carbon source, calcium lignosulfonate and triethylene tetramine as raw materials, respectively. The optimum synthesis conditions were determined by investigating the addition of carbon and triethylene tetramine. The adsorbent was used for the adsorption of azo dyes Congo red and Eriochrome blue black R, and the five factors affecting the adsorption were discussed, including pH of dyes, initial concentration, adsorption time, adsorption temperature and adsorbent dosage...
May 10, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774865/strengthening-of-surveillance-during-monkeypox-outbreak-republic-of-the-congo-2017
#5
Reena H Doshi, Sarah Anne J Guagliardo, Angelie Dzabatou-Babeaux, Camille Likouayoulou, Nestor Ndakala, Cynthia Moses, Victoria Olson, Andrea M McCollum, Brett W Petersen
Reports of 10 suspected cases of monkeypox in Likouala Department, Republic of the Congo, triggered an investigation and response in March 2017 that included community education and surveillance strengthening. Increasing numbers of outbreaks suggest that monkeypox virus is becoming a more prevalent human pathogen. Diverse approaches are necessary for disease control and prevention.
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774204/non-canonical-activities-of-hog1-control-sensitivity-of-candida-albicans-to-killer-toxins-from-debaryomyces-hansenii
#6
Ana Morales-Menchén, Federico Navarro-García, José P Guirao-Abad, Elvira Román, Daniel Prieto, Ioana V Coman, Jesús Pla, Rebeca Alonso-Monge
Certain yeasts secrete peptides known as killer toxins or mycocins with a deleterious effect on sensitive yeasts or filamentous fungi, a common phenomenon in environmental species. In a recent work, different Debaryomyces hansenii ( Dh ) strains isolated from a wide variety of cheeses were identified as producing killer toxins active against Candida albicans and Candida tropicalis . We have analyzed the killer activity of these toxins in C. albicans mutants defective in MAPK signaling pathways and found that the lack of the MAPK Hog1 (but not Cek1 or Mkc1) renders cells hypersensitive to Dh mycocins while mutants lacking other upstream elements of the pathway behave as the wild type strain...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773540/experimental-vaccine-ready-for-use-in-congo-s-ebola-outbreak
#7
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768861/construction-of-highly-efficient-fe%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-alooh-lamellar-adsorbent-for-removal-of-congo-red
#8
Yuanna Zhu, Jianrong Wang, Yingzi Wang, Xueling Song, Yanan Xu, Ping Yang
Fe3O4@AlOOH adsorbent with high efficient adsorption capacity was successfully synthesized by controlling the hydrolysis rate for aluminum isopropoxide (AIP) and introducing inductive agent thioglycolic acid (TGA). Al(OH)3-TGA clusters played a key role in the formation of Fe3O4@AlOOH adsorbent with lamellar structure. Morphology characterization revealed that magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles were uniformly deposited on the surface of AlOOH. The lamellar structure of AlOOH and the strong magnetic intensity of Fe3O4 were helpful for its rapid separation from solution under external magnetic field...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768102/identification-of-dengue-and-chikungunya-cases-among-suspected-cases-of-yellow-fever-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#9
Sheila Makiala-Mandanda, Steve Ahuka-Mundeke, Jessica L Abbate, Elisabeth Pukuta-Simbu, Justus Nsio-Mbeta, Nicolas Berthet, Eric Maurice Leroy, Pierre Becquart, Jean-Jacques Muyembe-Tamfum
For more than 95% of acute febrile jaundice cases identified through surveillance for yellow fever, a reemerging arthropod-borne viral disease, no etiological exploration is ever done. The aim of this study was to test for other arthropod-borne viruses that can induce the same symptoms in patients enrolled in the yellow fever surveillance in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Of 652 patients included in the surveillance of yellow fever in DRC from January 2003 to January 2012, 453 patients that tested negative for yellow fever virus (YFV) immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies were selected for the study...
May 16, 2018: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766407/an-annotated-list-and-molecular-data-on-larvae-of-gryporhynchid-tapeworms-cestoda-cyclophyllidea-from-freshwater-fishes-in-africa
#10
Tomáš Scholz, Sareh Tavakol, Lucie Uhrová, Jan Brabec, Iva Přikrylová, Šárka Mašová, Andrea Šimková, Ali Halajian, Wilmien J Luus-Powell
An annotated list of larvae (metacestodes) of gryporhynchid tapeworms (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea) from freshwater fishes in Africa is provided with numerous new host and geographical records. Newly collected materials from Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Madagascar, Namibia, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan and Zimbabwe practically double the total number of species reported from African fish so far. We confirm the occurrence of 16 species (five unidentified to the species level and most likely representing new taxa) belonging to the genera Amirthalingamia Bray, 1974 (1 species), Cyclustera Fuhrmann, 1901 (2 species), Dendrouterina Fuhrmann, 1912 (1 species), Neogryporhynchus Baer & Bona, 1960 (1 species), Paradilepis Hsü, 1935 (4 species), Parvitaenia Burt, 1940 (5 species), and Valipora Linton, 1927 (2 species)...
May 16, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757935/synthesis-and-broadband-spectra-photocatalytic-properties-of-bi%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-co%C3%A2-1-x-s-x
#11
Junping Ding, Huanchun Wang, Haomin Xu, Lina Qiao, Yidong Luo, Yuanhua Lin, Cewen Nan
High efficiency photocatalyst Bi₂O₂(CO₃)1- x S x was synthesized conveniently with chemical bath precipitation using Bi₂O₂CO₃ as the precursor. The microstructures of the samples are systematically characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) and UV-Vis spectroscopy; the optical and photocatalytic properties are carefully tested as well...
May 14, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757428/micro-hotspots-of-risk-in-urban-cholera-epidemics
#12
Andrew S Azman, Francisco J Luquero, Henrik Salje, Nathan Naibei Mbaïbardoum, Ngandwe Adalbert, Mohammad Ali, Enrico Bertuzzo, Flavio Finger, Brahima Toure, Louis Albert Massing, Romain Ramazani, Bansaga Saga, Maya Allan, David Olson, Jerome Leglise, Klaudia Porten, Justin Lessler
Targeted interventions have been delivered to neighbors of cholera cases in major epidemic responses globally despite limited evidence for the impact of such targeting. Using data from urban epidemics in Chad and D.R. Congo we estimate the extent of spatiotemporal zones of increased cholera risk around cases. In both cities, we found zones of increased risk of at least 200-meters during the 5-days immediately following case presentation to a clinic. Risk was highest for those living closest to cases and diminished in time and space similarly across settings...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757289/use-of-two-dimensional-semi-denaturing-detergent-agarose-gel-electrophoresis-to-confirm-size-heterogeneity-of-amyloid-or-amyloid-like-fibers
#13
Sarah Hanna-Addams, Zhigao Wang
Amyloid or amyloid-like fibers have been associated with many human diseases, and are now being discovered to be important for many signaling pathways. The ability to readily detect the formation of these fibers under various experimental conditions is essential for understanding their potential function. Many methods have been used to detect the fibers, but not without some drawbacks. For example, electron microscopy (EM), or staining with Congo Red or Thioflavin T often requires purification of the fibers...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757202/genome-sequences-of-akhmeta-virus-an-early-divergent-old-world-orthopoxvirus
#14
Jinxin Gao, Crystal Gigante, Ekaterine Khmaladze, Pengbo Liu, Shiyuyun Tang, Kimberly Wilkins, Kun Zhao, Whitni Davidson, Yoshinori Nakazawa, Giorgi Maghlakelidze, Marika Geleishvili, Maka Kokhreidze, Darin S Carroll, Ginny Emerson, Yu Li
Annotated whole genome sequences of three isolates of the Akhmeta virus (AKMV), a novel species of orthopoxvirus (OPXV), isolated from the Akhmeta and Vani regions of the country Georgia, are presented and discussed. The AKMV genome is similar in genomic content and structure to that of the cowpox virus (CPXV), but a lower sequence identity was found between AKMV and Old World OPXVs than between other known species of Old World OPXVs. Phylogenetic analysis showed that AKMV diverged prior to other Old World OPXV...
May 12, 2018: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755387/population-size-and-the-rate-of-language-evolution-a-test-across-indo-european-austronesian-and-bantu-languages
#15
Simon J Greenhill, Xia Hua, Caela F Welsh, Hilde Schneemann, Lindell Bromham
What role does speaker population size play in shaping rates of language evolution? There has been little consensus on the expected relationship between rates and patterns of language change and speaker population size, with some predicting faster rates of change in smaller populations, and others expecting greater change in larger populations. The growth of comparative databases has allowed population size effects to be investigated across a wide range of language groups, with mixed results. One recent study of a group of Polynesian languages revealed greater rates of word gain in larger populations and greater rates of word loss in smaller populations...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753197/violence-selection-and-infant-mortality-in-congo
#16
Olivier Dagnelie, Giacomo Davide De Luca, Jean-François Maystadt
This paper documents the effects of the recent civil war in the Democratic Republic of Congo on mortality both in utero and during the first year of life. It instruments for conflict intensity using a mineral price index, which exploits the exogenous variation in the potential value of mineral resources generated by changes in world mineral prices to predict the geographic distribution of the conflict. Using estimates of civil war exposure on mortality across male and female newborn to assess their relative health, it provides evidence of culling effect (in utero selection) as a consequence of in utero shocks...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752857/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-hiv-infected-adults-at-three-urban-clinics-in-a-post-conflict-setting-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo
#17
Patrick D M C Katoto, Friedrich Thienemann, André N H Bulabula, Tonya M Esterhuizen, Aimé B Murhula, Pierre P M Lunjwire, Dieudonné M Bihehe, Jean B Nachega
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MS) in HIV-infected adults at three urban clinics in Bukavu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: From July to September 2016, baseline socio-demographics, risk factors, and clinical characteristics were collected using a structured questionnaire or extracted from medical records. Fasting blood sugar and lipids were measured...
May 12, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750073/new-taxonomic-and-conservation-status-of-ossiculum-vandeae-orchidaceae-a-highly-threatened-and-narrow-endemic-angraecoid-orchid-from-central-africa
#18
Murielle Simo-Droissart, Tariq Stévart, Bonaventure Sonké, Sandrine Mayogo, Narcisse Kamdem, Vincent Droissart
In the context of producing a revised phylogenetic Linnean taxonomy of angraecoid orchids, the monotypic and narrow-endemic genus Ossiculum is synonymised with Calyptrochilum . Accordingly, a new combination in Calyptrochilum is proposed for Ossiculum aurantiacum . The morphological and DNA-based evidence for this transfer is discussed. Moreover, Calyptrochilum aurantiacum is here firstly reported outside Cameroon, with a record from the Republic of the Congo. The Red List conservation status of this species is reassessed and it is to be downgraded from "Critically Endangered" (CR) to "Endangered" (EN), following the recent discovery of additional subpopulations in Cameroon...
2018: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748218/new-ebola-outbreak-declared-in-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#19
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743324/spondyloarthritis-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-a-prospective-hospital-based-study
#20
Pierrot Lebughe, Kurt de Vlam, Rene Westhovens, Jean-Marie Mbuyi-Muamba, Jean Jacques Malemba
OBJECTIVES: To determine the spectrum of spondyloarthritis (SpA) in outpatients with symptoms of rheumatism attending two rheumatology practices in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. DESIGN: A descriptive prospective multicentre outpatient study. SETTING: The present study analysed 6 months data (from 1 December 2012 till 31 May 2013). PARTICIPANTS: Nine hundred and eighty-four consecutive outpatients were studied...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
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