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Perioperative pulmonary hypertension

Ana Redondo Palacios, José López Menéndez, Javier Miguelena Hycka, Miren Martín García, Laura Varela Barca, Andrea Ferreiro Marzal, Rafael Muñoz Pérez, Enrique Oliva De Anquín, Ignacio García Andrade, Tomasa Centella Hernández, Daniel Celemín Canorea, Jorge Rodríguez-Roda Stuart
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, Tricuspid valve replacement (TVR) is much less common than aortic or mitral valve replacement, since repair is almost always preferable. Prosthetic tricuspid valves are associated with high mortality and morbidity, mostly due to thrombotic or hemorrhagic events. Nevertheless, there is lack of evidence of which is the optimal type of valve (biological versus mechanical) in tricuspid position. METHODS: We analysed all the patients who underwent TVR in our Institution, from 2005 to 2015...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau, Laetitia Coutte, Véronique Le Guern, Nathalie Morel, Gaelle Leroux, Romain Paule, Luc Mouthon, Jean-Charles Piette
The catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) develops in at least 1% of patients with antiphospholipid syndrome, either primary or associated with systemic lupus erythematosus. CAPS reveals the antiphospholipid syndrome in about 50% of cases. The CAPS is characterized by rapidly-progressive widespread thromboses mainly affecting the microvasculature in the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies. In a few days, the patients develop multiorgan failure with renal insufficiency with severe hypertension, pulmonary, cerebral, cardiac, digestive and/or cutaneous involvement...
September 9, 2016: La Presse Médicale
Michael J Plakke, Cory D Maxwell, Brandi A Bottiger
Surgical patients with pulmonary hypertension present a significant challenge to the anesthesiologist. Continuous perioperative monitoring of pulmonary artery (PA) pressure is recommended and most often accomplished with a PA catheter. Placement of a PA catheter may be difficult or contraindicated, and in these cases, transesophageal echocardiography is a useful alternative to monitor dynamic PA physiology. In this case, we used intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography to detect changes in peak PA pressure and guide clinical treatment in a patient with pulmonary hypertension and an extensive PA aneurysm undergoing partial nephrectomy...
September 1, 2016: A & A Case Reports
J C Galán Gutiérrez, F E Fernández Suárez, P Miranda García, L A Sopena Zubiria
Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) is a complex combination of cardiovascular abnormalities defined as pulmonary hypertension with investment or bidirectional flow through an intracardiac or aortopulmonary communication, usually secondary to a congenital heart disease not resolved promptly. It carries a significant risk of perioperative mortality, with an incidence close to 30% for non-cardiac surgery. We report the anaesthetic management in a ES patient undergoing breast surgery, which was successfully performed under general anaesthesia combined with thoracic analgesic blocks...
August 20, 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Emmanuel Moss, Michael E Halkos, Jose N Binongo, Douglas A Murphy
BACKGROUND: Unilateral pulmonary edema (UPE) has been reported after mitral operations performed through the right side of the chest. The clinical presentation is compatible with an ischemia-reperfusion injury. This report describes modifications to robotic mitral valve operations that were designed to reduce UPE. METHODS: We reviewed 15 patients with UPE after robotic mitral valve operations from 2006 through 2012. Technique modifications to reduce right lung ischemia were used from 2013 through June 2015...
August 17, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
David Faraoni, Daniel Vo, Viviane G Nasr, James A DiNardo
BACKGROUND: Children with major and severe congenital heart disease (CHD) undergoing noncardiac surgery are at increased risk of mortality. The objective of this study was to identify the predictors for in-hospital mortality, and to develop a risk stratification score that could be used to help decision making and the development of perioperative management guidelines. METHODS: We included all children with major (eg, tetralogy of Fallot with wide open pulmonary insufficiency, hypoplastic left heart syndrome including stage 1 repair) or severe CHD (eg, children with uncorrected CHD, children with documented pulmonary hypertension, children with ventricular dysfunction requiring medications, or children listed for heart transplant) recorded in the 2012 and 2013 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric databases in a derivation cohort, and those recorded in the 2014 database in a validation cohort...
October 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Irina Catanescu, Graham Long, Paul Bove, Michael Khoury, Otto Brown, Steve Rimar, Youssef Rizk, Maciej Uzieblo, Sachinder Hans
OBJECTIVES: Reported results of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) in patients with antecedent endovascular repair (EVAR) to those presenting with de novo rupture show a similar or slightly improved outcome. The aim of this study was to compare differences in the presentation and outcomes of rAAA with and without prior EVAR. METHODS: A retrospective review of one hundred twenty-one (121) patients with rAAA, ruptured identified two groups. Group A included 17 patients (rAAA n= 17) with antecedent EVAR and Group B consisted of 104 patients (rAAA n= 104) with de novo ruptures, from January 2001 to March 2015 in three teaching hospitals...
August 11, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Barış Akça, Köksal Dönmez, Olcay Murat Dişli, Feray Akgül Erdil, Mehmet Cengiz Çolak, İlhan Koray Aydemir, Bektaş Battaloğlu, Nevzat Erdil
BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate the effects of pulmonary hypertension on early clinical variables in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The preoperative echocardiographic data of patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass surgery were evaluated retrospectively. A total of 1244 patients were included in the study. The patients were divided into two groups: one group consisted of patients with systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) values equal to or greater than 30 mmHg (Group 1, n = 184), while the other group consisted of patients with SPAP values below 30 mmHg (Group 2, n = 1060)...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Ning Ding, Bu-Qing Ni, Hong Wang, Wen-Xiao Ding, Rong Xue, Wei Lin, Zhang Kai, Shi-Jiang Zhang, Xi-Long Zhang
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep apnea is common in patients referred for cardiac valve replacement (CVR). We aimed to determine the association of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and central sleep apnea (CSA) with perioperative events in CVR surgery in patients with rheumatic valvular heart disease (RVHD). METHODS: Between April 2010 and April 2014, 290 patients with RVHD undergoing CVR were screened for sleep apnea 1 to 7 days before CVR. Baseline medications, cardiac function, sleep parameters, perioperative events, and related risk factors were evaluated...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Yamini Krishnamurthy, Lauren B Cooper, Kishan S Parikh, G Michael Felker, Carmelo A Milano, Joseph G Rogers, Adrian F Hernandez, Chetan B Patel
Left heart disease (LHD) represents the most common cause of pulmonary hypertension (PH), and is associated with worse prognosis compared with LHD without PH. In addition, PH due to LHD may prevent patients from receiving heart transplantation, because of risk of perioperative right ventricular failure. Current literature lacks comprehensive descriptions and management strategies of PH due to LHD. In this review, we summarize the literature that is available to highlight the definition, pathogenesis, and prognosis of PH due to LHD...
September 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Sreyashi Sen, Sourav Chatterjee, Pinaki Mazumder, Sudakshina Mukherji
Rheumatic heart disease is the most common cardiac disease complicating pregnancy in developing countries. Heart disease accounts for 15% pregnancy-related mortality. In the presence of maternal heart disease, the circulatory changes of pregnancy may result in exacerbation of the hemodynamic perturbations due to complex cardiac valvular lesions leading to decompensation or death of mother or fetus. Determining the ideal anesthetic technique for cesarean section in the presence of complex cardiac conditions remains a much debated topic...
July 2016: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Nuno Carvalho Guerra, Mathieu Pernot, Georgios Nesseris, Mohammed Al-Yamani, Xavier Roques, Jean-Benoît Thambo, Bernard Kreitmann, François Roubertie
BACKGROUND: Scimitar syndrome may be corrected using different techniques. Repair using an extracardiac conduit has rarely been performed. This study assessed the intermediate-term outcomes of this technique in adults. METHODS: From January 2000 to June 2011, 7 adult patients underwent correction with a ringed polytetrafluoroethylene conduit used to connect the scimitar vein (SV) to the left atrium, posterior to the inferior vena cava (IVC). Preoperative and perioperative data were reviewed retrospectively...
July 14, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Martin R VAN Wezenbeek, Frans J Smulders, Misha D Luyer, Gust VAN Montfort, Frank J Vanhimbeeck, Simon W Nienhuijs
BACKGROUND: The risk of developing postoperative complications after primary Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is relatively low. Nevertheless, postoperative complications can have serious consequences in terms of severe morbidity and health care costs. Identification of potential predictors is useful for further reduction of the postoperative complication rate. METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients undergoing primary RYGB between January 2010 and December 2013, using data from a prospectively collected database...
October 2016: Minerva Chirurgica
Heinz Deschka, Alexander J Holthaus, Jürgen R Sindermann, Henryk Welp, Dominik Schlarb, Nadejda Monsefi, Sven Martens, Mirela Scherer
OBJECTIVES: Depending on the pre-existing condition of the right ventricle (RV), left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation may have a detrimental effect on RV function, subsequently leading to right heart failure. This study details the authors' experience with perioperative mechanical RV support in patients with biventricular impairment but primarily scheduled for isolated LVAD implantation. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Two center study, university hospital...
June 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Walther Tabarelli, Hugo Bonatti, Dominique Tabarelli, Miriam Eller, Ludwig Müller, Elfriede Ruttmann, Cornelia Lass-Flörl, Clara Larcher, Christian Geltner
BACKGROUND: Due to the complex therapy and the required high level of immunosuppression, lung recipients are at high risk to develop many different long term complications. METHODS: From 1993-2000, a total of 54 lung transplantation (LuTx) were performed at our center. Complications, graft and patient survival of this cohort was retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: One/five and ten-year patient survival was 71.4%, 41.2% and 25.4%; at last follow up (4/2010), twelve patients were alive...
June 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
R Buzelé, L Barbier, A Sauvanet, B Fantin
Splenectomy is attended by medical complications, principally infectious and thromboembolic; the frequency of complications varies with the conditions that led to splenectomy (hematologic splenectomy, trauma, presence of portal hypertension). Most infectious complications are caused by encapsulated bacteria (Meningococcus, Pneumococcus, Hemophilus). These occur mainly in children and somewhat less commonly in adults within the first two years following splenectomy. Post-splenectomy infections are potentially severe with overwhelming post-splenectomy infection (OPSI) and this justifies preventive measures (prophylactic antibiotics, appropriate immunizations, patient education) and demands prompt antibiotic management with third-generation cephalosporins for any post-splenectomy fever...
August 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Çağlar Ödek, Tanıl Kendirli, Tayfun Uçar, Ayhan Yaman, Ercan Tutar, Zeynep Eyileten, Mehmet Taşar, Mehmet Ramoğlu, Can Ateş, Adnan Uysalel, Erdal İnce, Semra Atalay
This prospective, observational, single-center study aimed to determine the perioperative predictors of early extubation (<24 h after cardiac surgery) in a cohort of children undergoing cardiac surgery. Children aged between 1 month and 18 years who were consecutively admitted to pediatric intensive care unit after cardiac surgery for congenital heart disease between January 2012 and June 2014. Ninety-nine patients were qualified for inclusion during the study period. The median duration of mechanical ventilation was 20 h (range 1-480), and 64 patients were extubated within 24 h...
October 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
Daniel T Matthews, Catherine N Le, Ivan M Robbins, Michael R Petracek, Meredith E Pugh, Evan L Brittain, Anna R Hemnes
Predictors of functional outcomes in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) undergoing pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) are important to identify preoperatively. We hypothesized that baseline severity of pulmonary hypertension and obesity would not be associated with 6-month functional outcomes after PTE. Clinical and hemodynamic data were collected on consecutive patients undergoing PTE from 2008 to 2014. Patients were stratified according to baseline pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and body mass index (BMI)...
June 2016: Pulmonary Circulation
Christopher W Jensen, Andrew B Goldstone, Y Joseph Woo
This review will discuss the medical management of pulmonary hypertension in patients with left ventricular assist devices. Although much has been written on the management of primary pulmonary hypertension, also called pulmonary arterial hypertension, this review will instead focus on the treatment of pulmonary hypertension secondary to left heart disease. The relevant pharmacotherapy can be divided into medications for treating heart failure, such as diuretics and β-blockers, and medications for treating pulmonary hypertension...
June 2016: Current Heart Failure Reports
Mark A Burbridge, Jessica Brodt, Richard A Jaffe
A 32-year-old man with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension and Eisenmenger syndrome secondary to congenital ventricular septal defects presented for ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion. Consultation between surgical and anesthesia teams acknowledged the extreme risk of performing this case, but given ongoing symptoms related to increased intracranial pressure from a large third ventricle colloid cyst, the case was deemed urgent. After a full discussion with the patient, including an explanation of anesthetic expectations and perioperative risks, the case was performed under monitored anesthesia care...
July 15, 2016: A & A Case Reports
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