keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cardiovascular age immune

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342131/survey-of-plasma-proteins-in-children-with-progeria-pre-therapy-and-on-therapy-with-lonafarnib
#1
Leslie B Gordon, Susan E Campbell, Joseph M Massaro, Ralph B D'Agostino, Monica E Kleinman, Mark W Kieran, Marsha A Moses
BACKGROUND: Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) is an ultra-rare, fatal, segmental premature aging syndrome caused by the aberrant lamin A protein, progerin. The protein farnesyltransferase inhibitor, lonafarnib, ameliorates some aspects of cardiovascular and bone disease. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a prospective longitudinal survey of plasma proteins in 24 children with HGPS (an estimated 10% of the world's population at the time) at baseline and on lonafarnib therapy, compared to age and gender-matched controls using a multi-analyte, microsphere-based immune-fluorescent assay...
January 17, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327063/systemic-inflammation-and-evidence-of-a-cardio-splenic-axis-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#2
Kasper F Hjuler, Lars C Gormsen, Mikkel H Vendelbo, Alexander Egeberg, Jakob Nielsen, Lars Iversen
The spleen is thought to play a role in atherosclerosis-associated immunity and cardiovascular research has indicated the existence of a cardio-splenic axis. The aim of this study was to assess splenic 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake as a measure of systemic inflammation in patients with untreated psoriasis compared with historical controls assessed by positron emission tomography-computed tomography. Patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis (n = 12, age 61.4 ± 4.1 years, 83% men, mean  Psoriasis Area Severity Index score of 14...
December 20, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288439/hyperhomocysteinemia-in-acute-iatrogenic-hypothyroidism-the-relevance-of-thyroid-autoimmunity
#3
F Cicone, M G Santaguida, G My, G Mancuso, A Papa, R Persechino, C Virili, N Brusca, A Tofani, F Scopinaro, M Centanni
PURPOSE: Hyperhomocysteinemia is a known cardiovascular risk factor and a key player in the inflammatory activation of autoimmune diseases. Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is the leading cause of hypothyroidism which, in itself, has been associated with a significant raise of homocysteine (Hcy) levels and increased cardiovascular risk. Our aim was to assess the impact of HT on Hcy levels in patients with acute hypothyroidism. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 121 patients (mean age: 46 years, F/M = 102/19) with acute post-surgical hypothyroidism...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232563/immunologic-burden-links-periodontitis-to-acute-coronary-syndrome
#4
John M Liljestrand, Susanna Paju, Milla Pietiäinen, Kåre Buhlin, G Rutger Persson, Markku S Nieminen, Juha Sinisalo, Päivi Mäntylä, Pirkko J Pussinen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Periodontitis, a common polymicrobial inflammatory disease in the tooth supporting tissues, is a risk factor for coronary artery disease. One of the proposed underlying mechanisms is the systemic immune response to periodontal infection. We studied how serum antibodies against seven periodontal pathogens and their subgingival levels associate with each other, periodontitis, and coronary artery disease. METHODS: The Parogene cohort included 505 Finnish patients (mean age 63 y) who underwent coronary angiography, and clinical and radiographic oral examinations...
January 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231753/rates-of-insufficiency-and-deficiency-of-vitamin-d-levels-in-elite-professional-male-and-female-skiers-a-chronobiologic-approach
#5
Jacopo Antonino Vitale, Giovanni Lombardi, Luca Cavaleri, Rosa Graziani, Herbert Schoenhuber, Antonio La Torre, Giuseppe Banfi
Vitamin D is essential for the maintenance and promotion of musculoskeletal health, for the functioning of the immune, cardiovascular and reproductive systems, and its main action is to keep calcium and phosphate plasmatic physiological concentrations at intestinal, renal and bony level. Vitamin D affects several parameters related to physical performance too and a particularly high percentage of vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency in professional athletes has been observed. Several variables are able to impair the synthesis of 25(OH)D in athletes, specifically both genetic and environmental factors, but the most probable explanation for the deficient/insufficient vitamin D levels is the insufficient ultraviolet B light (UVB) exposure during winter...
December 12, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224679/a-review-on-sle-and-malignancy
#6
REVIEW
May Y Choi, Kelsey Flood, Sasha Bernatsky, Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman, Ann E Clarke
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, systemic autoimmune disease characterized by autoantibody production, complement activation, and immune complex deposition. It predominantly affects young and middle-aged women. While improvements in the diagnosis and treatment of SLE have altered prognosis, morbidity and mortality rates remain higher than the general population. In addition to renal injury, cardiovascular disease, and infection, malignancy is known to be a significant cause of death in this population...
June 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220092/dose-rectification-of-an-unbalance-between-dpp4-and-glp-1-ameliorates-chronic-stress-related-vascular-aging-and-atherosclerosis
#7
Xian Wu Cheng, Megumi Narisawa, Enze Jin, Chenglin Yu, Wenhu Xu, Limei Piao
Exposure to psychosocial stress is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, including vascular aging and regeneration. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) exerts many physiological and pharmacological functions by regulating its extremely abundant substrates [e.g., glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), stromal cell-derived factor-1α/ C-X-C chemokine receptor type-4, etc.]. Over the past decade, emerging data revealed unexpected roles for DPP-4 and GLP-1 in intracellular signaling, oxidative stress production, lipid metabolism, cell apoptosis, immune activation, insulin resistance, and inflammation...
December 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209103/hiv-as-a-cause-of-immune-activation-and-immunosenescence
#8
REVIEW
T Sokoya, H C Steel, M Nieuwoudt, T M Rossouw
Systemic immune activation has emerged as an essential component of the immunopathogenesis of HIV. It not only leads to faster disease progression, but also to accelerated decline of overall immune competence. HIV-associated immune activation is characterized by an increase in proinflammatory mediators, dysfunctional T regulatory cells, and a pattern of T-cell-senescent phenotypes similar to those seen in the elderly. These changes predispose HIV-infected persons to comorbid conditions that have been linked to immunosenescence and inflamm-ageing, such as atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease, neurodegeneration, and cancer...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207395/adiponectin-and-its-receptors-are-differentially-expressed-in-human-tissues-and-cell-lines-of-distinct-origin
#9
Simon Jasinski-Bergner, Maximilian Büttner, Dagmar Quandt, Barbara Seliger, Heike Kielstein
BACKGROUND: Adiponectin is secreted by adipose tissue and exerts high abundance and an anti-inflammatory potential. However, only little information exists about the expression profiles of adiponectin and its recently identified receptor CDH13 in non-tumorous human tissues and their association to clinical parameters. METHODS: The expression levels of adiponectin and CDH13 were analyzed in heart, liver, kidney, spleen, skin, blood vessels, peripheral nerve and bone marrow of 21 human body donors, in 12 human cell lines, and in purified immune effector cell populations of healthy blood donors by immunohistochemistry, Western-blot, and semi-quantitative PCR...
December 6, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203969/cardiovascular-disease-in-ageing-an-overview-on-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-as-an-emerging-inflammatory-disease
#10
REVIEW
Calogera Pisano, Carmela Rita Balistreri, Alessandro Ricasoli, Giovanni Ruvolo
Medial degeneration associated with thoracic aortic aneurysm and acute aortic dissection was originally described by Erdheim as a noninflammatory lesion related to the loss of smooth muscle cells and elastic fibre fragmentation in the media. Recent evidences propose the strong role of a chronic immune/inflammatory process in aneurysm evocation and progression. The coexistence of inflammatory cells with markers of apoptotic vascular cell death in the media of ascending aorta with aneurysms and type A dissections raises the possibility that activated T cells and macrophages may contribute to the elimination of smooth muscle cells and degradation of the matrix...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189172/cardiovascular-complications-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#11
Daniela Sofia Martins Pinto, Manuel Joaquim Lopes Vaz da Silva
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART), the life expectancy and health quality for patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have significantly improved. Nevertheless, as a result of not only the deleterious effects of the virus itself and prolonged ART, but also the effects of aging, cardiovascular diseases have emerged as one of the most common causes of death among these patients. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to explore the new insights on the spectrum of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in HIV infection, with emphasis on the factors that contribute to the atherosclerotic process and its role in the development of acute coronary syndrome in the setting of infection...
November 29, 2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189047/combined-serum-free-light-chain-levels-are-associated-with-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Felix Aberer, Norbert Joachim Tripolt, Hubert Scharnagl, Julian Zedler, Michaela Eder, Abderrahim Oulhaj, Tatjana Stojakovic, Harald Sourij
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus face an increased risk of cardiovascular events compared to non-diabetic counterparts. Chronic inflammation and activation of the immune system, including B-lymphocyte maturation is believed to play a role in atherosclerosis. Recent investigations suggest combined serum free light chains as a potential biomarker for cardiovascular events. The aim of this analysis was to investigate the association of combined serum free light chain with carotid atherosclerosis in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
November 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183235/pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-use-for-the-prevention-of-pneumococcal-disease-in-adults-50-years-of-age
#13
Raul E Isturiz, Cassandra Hall-Murray, John M McLaughlin, Vincenza Snow, Beate Schmoele-Thoma, Chris Webber, Allison Thompson, Daniel A Scott
Adults, particularly those with underlying chronic conditions, eg, cardiovascular, liver, and pulmonary diseases and diabetes mellitus, have a persistent pneumococcal disease burden. Thirteen-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) is recommended in the United States for all adults aged ≥65 years and immunocompromised adults aged <65 years to protect against vaccine-serotype (VT) invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) and pneumonia. PCV13 is not recommended for immunocompetent adults aged ≥18 years with comorbidities associated with increased pneumococcal disease risk...
November 29, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180118/role-of-bioactive-lipofishins-in-prevention-of-inflammation-and-colon-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Valter R M Lombardi, Iván Carrera, Lola Corzo, Ramón Cacabelos
Many clinical conditions exist in which it is desirable to stimulate or suppress the immune system, and many different drugs are able to do this. It is also well known that nutrition may affect human health and immune responses. Nutritional factors are crucial components of the diet and essential for normal growth and development of both vertebrate and invertebrate organisms. Many of these components have been shown to play different roles in the immune response and, under different circumstances, they can significantly modulate the immune system to create an effective response...
November 24, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179674/value-of-soluble-urokinase-plasminogen-activator-receptor-over-age-as-a-biomarker-of-impaired-myocardial-relaxation
#15
Angela S Koh, Bhaarathy Velmurugan, Fei Gao, Ru San Tan, Jia-Ing Wong, Louis L Y Teo, Bryan M H Keng, Serene J M Chua, Jian-Min Yuan, Woon-Puay Koh, Christine Cheung
BACKGROUND: SuPAR is a biomarker that reflects the level of immune activation. As inflammation plays an important role in the ageing process of the cardiovascular system, we hypothesized that suPAR might be a useful predictive biomarker of the ageing heart. METHODS: We performed conventional and tissue Doppler echocardiography and measured plasma suPAR levels. RESULTS: We studied community adults (n=120, 37.5% female) (mean age: 70.3±9.3 years) without known cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
November 28, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178980/ambient-ultrafine-particles-activate-human-monocytes-effect-of-dose-differentiation-state-and-age-of-donors
#16
Bishop Bliss, Kevin Ivan Tran, Constantinos Sioutas, Arezoo Campbell
Exposure to ambient particulate matter (PM) has been linked to adverse pulmonary and cardiovascular health effects. Activation of both inflammatory and oxidative stress pathways has been observed and may be a probable cause of these outcomes. We tested the hypothesis that in human monocytes, PM-induced oxidative and inflammatory responses are interrelated. A human monocytic cell line (THP-1) was used to determine if dose and differentiation state plays a role in the cellular response after a 24hr exposure to particles...
November 24, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175653/igm-antibodies-against-phosphorylcholine-promote-polarization-of-t-regulatory-cells-from-patients-with-atherosclerotic-plaques-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-healthy-donors
#17
Jitong Sun, Susanna L Lundström, Bo Zhang, Roman A Zubarev, Johnny Steuer, Peter Gillgren, Mizanur Rahman, Sofia Ajeganova, Anquan Liu, Johan Frostegård
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: IgM antibodies against phosphorylcholine (anti-PC) are negatively associated with atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), where the risk of CVD and atherosclerosis is high. We here study the effects of IgM anti-PC immune regulation. METHODS: Mononuclear leukocytes were isolated from peripheral blood (PBMC) obtained from healthy blood donors, six SLE patients with age- and sex-matched controls, and symptom-giving human atherosclerotic plaques...
November 16, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165684/can-biomarkers-advance-hiv-research-and-care-in-the-art-era
#18
Amy C Justice, Kristine M Erlandson, Paolo G Miotti, Alan Landay, Peter W Hunt, Russell P Tracy
Despite achieving HIV-1 RNA suppression below levels of detection and, for most, improved CD4 counts, those aging with HIV experience excess low-level inflammation, hypercoagulability, and immune dysfunction (chronic inflammation) compared to demographically and behaviorally similar uninfected individuals. A host of biomarkers that are linked to chronic inflammation are also associated with HIV-associated non-AIDS events including cardiovascular disease, many forms of cancer, liver disease, renal disease, neurocognitive decline, and osteoporosis...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153543/-aspirin-and-colorectal-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Adrien Grancher, Pierre Michel, Frédéric Di Fiore, David Sefrioui
Colorectal cancer is a worldwide public health problem. Aspirin has been identified as a protective factor against the apparition of colorectal cancer. There are several mechanisms about the actions by aspirin on colorectal tumorogenesis. These are not perfectly known nowadays. On one hand, there are direct mechanisms on colorectal mucosa, on the other hand there are indirect mechanisms through platelet functions. Aspirin also plays a role by its anti-inflammatory action and the stimulation of antitumor immunity...
November 15, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136750/-a-perspective-cohort-study-on-influence-factors-of-survival-outcome-among-the-elderly-aged-%C3%A2-80-years-old-from-longevity-areas-in-china
#20
Y B Lyu, J Zhang, J S Luo, W H Shi, Z X Yin, L Q Su, J L Fang, J N Wang, X M Shi
Objective: To investigate the influence factors of survival outcome among elderly aged ≥80 years old. Methods: In baseline survey in 2009, 930 participants aged ≥80 years old were enrolled from 7 longevity areas, to collect the information of socioeconomic factors, life style, cognitive function, activities of daily living and diseases, as well as physical examination to test biomarkers of blood and urine. The survival status was followed up at 2012 and 2014 survey. Stepwise Cox proportional hazards models were used to screen influence factors of 5-year survival...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
keyword
keyword
80379
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"