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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330635/the-association-between-muscle-weakness-and-incident-diabetes-in%C3%A2-older-mexican-americans
#1
Ryan McGrath, Brenda M Vincent, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos S Markides, Mark D Peterson
OBJECTIVES: A natural decline of muscle strength occurs during the aging process; however, preserving muscle strength may lower the rate of many preventable diseases such as diabetes, especially in higher risk populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the sex-specific association between muscle weakness and incident diabetes in older Mexican Americans. DESIGN: Observational, longitudinal study. SETTING: Urban and rural households in the Southwestern United States...
March 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322645/the-effects-of-a-health-partner-program-on-reducing-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#2
Tingting Liu
Previous lifestyle intervention research targeting prediabetes has primarily focused on weight loss, blood glucose, and lipid abnormalities. Far less is known whether lifestyle interventions lower other biological and physical risk factors for cardiovascular disease in overweight/obese adults with or without prediabetes. The aim of the study was to determine if a health partner program reduced biological and physical cardiovascular risk factors in overweight/obese adults with and without prediabetes at 1 year...
December 1, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295377/time-restricted-feeding-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-cardiometabolic-disorders
#3
Girish C Melkani, Satchidananda Panda
The soaring prevalence of obesity and diabetes is associated with an increase in comorbidities, including elevated risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). CVDs continue to be among the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. While increased nutrition intake from an energy dense diet is known to disrupt metabolic homeostasis and contributes to the disease risk, circadian rhythm disruption is emerging as a new risk factor for CVD. Circadian rhythms coordinate cardiovascular health via temporal control of organismal metabolism and physiology...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267760/changes-in-diagnosed-diabetes-obesity-and-physical-inactivity-prevalence-in-us-counties-2004-2012
#4
Linda S Geiss, Karen Kirtland, Ji Lin, Sundar Shrestha, Ted Thompson, Ann Albright, Edward W Gregg
Recent studies suggest that prevalence of diagnosed diabetes in the United States reached a plateau or slowed around 2008, and that this change coincided with obesity plateaus and increases in physical activity. However, national estimates can obscure important variations in geographic subgroups. We examine whether a slowing or leveling off in diagnosed diabetes, obesity, and leisure time physical inactivity prevalence is also evident across the 3143 counties of the United States. We used publicly available county estimates of the age-adjusted prevalence of diagnosed diabetes, obesity, and leisure-time physical inactivity, which were generated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248782/occupational-exposures-of-home-healthcare-workers
#5
Noma Agbonifo, Beverly Hittle, Rassull Suarez, Kermit Davis
Population demographics in the United States are rapidly changing with increased dependence on home healthcare (HHC) by an aging population, patients suffering from chronic diseases, and inability to perform activities of daily living. Despite the occupational injury rates for HHC workers (HHCW) being higher than the national average, an understanding of the occupational safety and health experiences and exposures of HHCW is limited. The purpose of this study was to understand the health and safety risk factors for HHCW...
March 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215397/clinical-mimics-an-emergency-medicine-focused-review-of%C3%A2-influenza-mimics
#6
Erica Simon, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Influenza viruses are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Given the wide range of symptoms, emergency physicians must maintain a broad differential diagnosis in the evaluation and treatment of patients presenting with influenza-like illnesses. OBJECTIVE: This review addresses objective and subjective symptoms commonly associated with influenza and discusses important mimics of influenza viruses, while offering a practical approach to their clinical evaluation and treatment...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209292/cholesterol-screening-and-treatment-practices-and-preferences-a-survey-of-united-states-pediatricians
#7
Sarah D de Ferranti, Angie Mae Rodday, Susan K Parsons, William L Cull, Karen G O'Connor, Stephen R Daniels, Laurel K Leslie
OBJECTIVES: To determine pediatricians' practices, attitudes, and barriers regarding screening for and treatment of pediatric dyslipidemias in 9- to 11-year-olds and 17- to 21-year-olds. STUDY DESIGN: American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2013-2014 Periodic Survey of a national, randomly selected sample of 1627 practicing AAP physicians. Pediatricians' responses were described and modeled. RESULTS: Of 614 (38%) respondents who met eligibility criteria, less than half (46%) were moderately/very knowledgeable about the 2008 AAP cholesterol statement; fewer were well-informed about 2011 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Guidelines or 2007 US Preventive Service Task Force review (both 26%)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207683/announcement-american-heart-month-february-2017
#8
(no author information available yet)
Each February, the observance of American Heart Month helps raise awareness of ways to stay heart healthy and prevent heart disease. For 30 years, the number of deaths from heart disease, the number one killer of persons in the United States, declined. However, that progress has stalled in recent years, potentially because of high rates of obesity and hypertension, important risk factors for heart disease (1). With increased awareness and education, everyone can work together to prevent the conditions that lead to heart disease...
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207380/turning-the-curve-on-obesity-prevalence-among-fifth-graders-in-the-los-angeles-unified-school-district-2001-2013
#9
Amanda Kamali, Heena Hameed, Margaret Shih, Paul Simon
INTRODUCTION: After multiple decades of increasing childhood obesity prevalence in the United States, findings from recent studies suggest that prevalence has leveled or is decreasing in some populations. However, demographic and socioeconomic disparities in prevalence remain and may be increasing. METHODS: To assess recent trends and disparities in childhood obesity prevalence in Los Angeles County, we analyzed data from 2001 through 2013 in fifth graders in the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD)...
February 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202927/factors-that-encourage-and-discourage-policy-making-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-experience-in-the-united-states
#10
Lainie Rutkow, Jesse Jones-Smith, Hannah J Walters, Marguerite O'Hara, Sara N Bleich
Policy-makers throughout the world seek to address childhood obesity prevention, yet little is known about factors that influence policy-makers' decisions on this topic. From September 2014 to April 2015, we conducted 43 semi-structured interviews about factors that encourage and discourage policy-makers' support for childhood obesity prevention policies. We interviewed policy-makers (n = 12) and two other groups engaged with childhood obesity prevention policies: representatives of non-governmental organizations (n = 24) and academics (n = 7)...
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183693/prophylaxis-usage-bleeding-rates-and-joint-outcomes-of-hemophilia-1999-2010-a-surveillance-project
#11
Marilyn J Manco-Johnson, J Michael Soucie, Joan C Gill
This analysis of the United States Hemophilia Treatment Center Network and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention surveillance registry assessed trends in prophylaxis use and its impact on key indicators of arthropathy across the life span among participants with severe hemophilia A. Data on demographics, clinical characteristics and outcomes were collected prospectively between 1999 and 2010 at annual clinical visits to 134 hemophilia treatment centers. Trends in treatment and outcomes were evaluated using cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses...
February 9, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157742/stroke-epidemiology-and-risk-factor-management
#12
Amy Guzik, Cheryl Bushnell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Death from stroke has decreased over the past decade, with stroke now the fifth leading cause of death in the United States. In addition, the incidence of new and recurrent stroke is declining, likely because of the increased use of specific prevention medications, such as statins and antihypertensives. Despite these positive trends in incidence and mortality, many strokes remain preventable. The major modifiable risk factors are hypertension, diabetes mellitus, tobacco smoking, and hyperlipidemia, as well as lifestyle factors, such as obesity, poor diet/nutrition, and physical inactivity...
February 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121997/deaths-attributable-to-diabetes-in-the-united-states-comparison-of-data-sources-and-estimation-approaches
#13
Andrew Stokes, Samuel H Preston
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this research was to identify the fraction of deaths attributable to diabetes in the United States. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We estimated population attributable fractions (PAF) for cohorts aged 30-84 who were surveyed in the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) between 1997 and 2009 (N = 282,322) and in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 1999 and 2010 (N = 21,814). Cohort members were followed prospectively for mortality through 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118461/screening-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-adults-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#14
Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Karina W Davidson, John W Epling, Francisco A R García, Jessica Herzstein, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, William R Phillips, Maureen G Phipps, Michael P Pignone, Michael Silverstein, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Based on data from the 1990s, estimated prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in the United States is 10% for mild OSA and 3.8% to 6.5% for moderate to severe OSA; current prevalence may be higher, given the increasing prevalence of obesity. Severe OSA is associated with increased all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease and cerebrovascular events, diabetes, cognitive impairment, decreased quality of life, and motor vehicle crashes. Objective: To issue a new US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on screening for OSA in asymptomatic adults...
January 24, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112500/methodological-quality-completeness-of-reporting-and-use-of-systematic-reviews-as-evidence-in-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-paediatric-overweight-and-obesity
#15
T Nissen, C Wayant, A Wahlstrom, P Sinnett, C Fugate, J Herrington, M Vassar
Paediatric obesity rates remain high despite extensive efforts to prevent and treat obesity in children. We investigated the quality of the methodology and reporting within systematic reviews (SRs) underpinning paediatric content in US clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). In June 2016 we searched guideline clearinghouses and professional organization websites for guidelines published by national or professional organizations in the United States from January 2007 onwards. In our primary, a priori analysis, we used PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) and AMSTAR (A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews) instruments to score SRs and meta-analyses that included paediatric populations and were cited by included CPGs...
February 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077732/high-protein-and-high-dietary-fiber-breakfasts-result-in-equal-feelings-of-fullness-and-better-diet-quality-in-low-income-preschoolers-compared-with-their-usual-breakfast
#16
Sibylle Kranz, Mary Brauchla, Wayne W Campbell, Rickard D Mattes, Amy J Schwichtenberg
BACKGROUND: In the United States, 17% of children are currently obese. Increasing feelings of fullness may prevent excessive energy intake, lead to better diet quality, and promote long-term maintenance of healthy weight. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a fullness-rating tool (aim 1) and to determine whether a high-protein (HP), high-fiber (HF), and combined HP and HF (HPHF) breakfast increases preschoolers' feelings of fullness before (pre) and after (post) breakfast and pre-lunch, as well as their diet quality, as measured by using a composite diet quality assessment tool, the Revised Children's Diet Quality Index (aim 2)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075104/esophageal-cancer
#17
Matthew W Short, Kristina G Burgers, Vincent T Fry
Esophageal cancer has a poor prognosis and high mortality rate, with an estimated 16,910 new cases and 15,910 deaths projected in 2016 in the United States. Squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma account for more than 95% of esophageal cancers. Squamous cell carcinoma is more common in nonindustrialized countries, and important risk factors include smoking, alcohol use, and achalasia. Adenocarcinoma is the predominant esophageal cancer in developed nations, and important risk factors include chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease, obesity, and smoking...
January 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058241/convergent-validity-of-the-acc-aha-pooled-cohort-equations-in-associating-with-health-related-quality-of-life-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#18
Allison Nooe, Meghan K Edwards, Ovuokerie Addoh, Paul D Loprinzi
Background: The potential convergent validity of the pooled cohort risk (PCR) equations in predicting health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has yet to be evaluated, which was this study's purpose. Methods: Data from the 2001-2011 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used (N = 8978 adults, 40-79 years, free of cardiovascular disease at baseline). Calculation of an individual's 10-year risk of a first atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) event was determined via the PCR equation...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049753/behavioral-lifestyle-interventions-for-the-primary-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-and-translation-to-hispanic-latino-communities-in-the-united-states-and-mexico
#19
Elizabeth M Venditti
Lifestyle behaviors in overweight and obese individuals are closely linked to the development, course, and outcomes of type 2 diabetes and multiple comorbid health conditions. Behavior change theory and many randomized controlled studies offer strong support for screening and identifying adults at increased cardiometabolic risk and for providing early intervention to mitigate risk factors to prevent or delay the onset of disease. The current article reviews key lifestyle intervention efficacy and dissemination trials conducted with individuals deemed to be at increased risk for diabetes and describes the rationale for training teams of professionals and community health workers (e...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049750/diabetes-and-obesity-prevention-changing-the-food-environment-in-low-income-settings
#20
Joel Gittelsohn, Angela Trude
Innovative approaches are needed to impact obesity and other diet-related chronic diseases, including interventions at the environmental and policy levels. Such interventions are promising due to their wide reach. This article reports on 10 multilevel community trials that the present authors either led (n = 8) or played a substantial role in developing (n = 2) in low-income minority settings in the United States and other countries that test interventions to improve the food environment, support policy, and reduce the risk for developing obesity and other diet-related chronic diseases...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
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