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obesity prevention AND united states

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820783/epidemiology-of-obesity-in-the-hispanic-adult-population-in-the-united-states
#1
Kimberly Y Z Forrest, Marcy J Leeds, Alexander C Ufelle
Obesity is a major health concern in Hispanic populations. This study evaluated the epidemiology of obesity and associated factors among Hispanics using the data from the 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Among the 1241 participants (20 years of age or older), the prevalence rates were as follows: overweight, 77.1%; obesity, 42.4%; and central obesity, 57.0%. These rates were consistent throughout most age groups. Significantly, more females than males were obese. Higher obesity rates were seen among those with diabetes, high cholesterol, hypertension, heart disease, and arthritis...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817167/body-mass-index-50-kg-m2-and-beyond-perioperative-care-of-pregnant-women-with-superobesity-undergoing-cesarean-delivery
#2
Marcela Carolina Smid, Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Robert M Silver, Jeffrey A Kuller
Importance: Superobesity, defined as body mass index 50 kg/m(2) or greater, is the fastest-growing obesity group in the United States. Currently, 2% of pregnant women in the United States are superobese, and 50% will deliver via cesarean delivery. Objective: To review evidence of perioperative care during cesarean delivery among superobese women. Evidence Acquisition: We performed an evidence-based review of maternal and neonatal risks of cesarean delivery and of intraoperative management and immediate postpartum care of superobese pregnant women...
August 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794822/overview-of-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
Kelvin Lingjet Tran, Young In Park, Shalin Pandya, Navin John Muliyil, Brandon David Jensen, Kovin Huynh, Quang T Nguyen
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that 29.1 million people or 9.3% of the US population have diabetes, which contributes to considerable medical and financial burden. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterized by insulin resistance and insulin secretion impairment leading to hyperglycemia. The presence of insulin resistance is strongly correlated with obesity. OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the available glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists and their role in the management of patients with diabetes, to help guide the selection of the most suitable agent for the individualized treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes...
June 2017: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781027/tobacco-exposure-as-determined-by-serum-cotinine-and-subclinical-myocardial-injury-in-individuals-free-from-cardiovascular-disease
#4
Muhammad Ali, Yabing Li, Wesley T O'Neal, Elsayed Z Soliman
Tobacco exposure including second-hand smoke is the leading preventable cause of premature death in the United States. Serum cotinine, a highly sensitive and specific biomarker for tobacco exposure, is a more accurate measure of tobacco exposure than self-reported smoking status. Although the harmful effect of tobacco exposure on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors (e.g., atherosclerosis) or hard CVD outcomes (e.g., myocardial infarction) is well established, its effect on intermediate outcomes such as subclinical myocardial injury (SMI), especially in nonsmokers, is not clear...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768612/short-term-efficacy-of-an-innovative-mobile-phone-technology-based-intervention-for-weight-management-for-overweight-and-obese-adolescents-pilot-study
#5
Jyu-Lin Chen, Claudia M Guedes, Bruce A Cooper, Audrey E Lung
BACKGROUND: In the United States, approximately one-third of adolescents are now overweight or obese, and one in six is obese. This financial cost and the larger nonfinancial costs of obesity make obesity prevention and management for adolescents imperative for the health of the nation. However, primary care visits are typically brief, and primary care providers may lack adequate resources to help overweight or obese adolescents to manage weight issues. To augment the efficacy of primary care visits for adolescent weight management, mobile phone technology can be used as an adjunct treatment that provides additional opportunities for encouraging improvement in lifestyle, attainment, and maintenance of healthy weight...
August 2, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768611/a-smartphone-app-for-families-with-preschool-aged-children-in-a-public-nutrition-program-prototype-development-and-beta-testing
#6
Pamela Hull, Janice S Emerson, Meghan E Quirk, Juan R Canedo, Jessica L Jones, Violetta Vylegzhanina, Douglas C Schmidt, Shelagh A Mulvaney, Bettina M Beech, Chiquita Briley, Calvin Harris, Baqar A Husaini
BACKGROUND: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in the United States provides free supplemental food and nutrition education to low-income mothers and children under age 5 years. Childhood obesity prevalence is higher among preschool children in the WIC program compared to other children, and WIC improves dietary quality among low-income children. The Children Eating Well (CHEW) smartphone app was developed in English and Spanish for WIC-participating families with preschool-aged children as a home-based intervention to reinforce WIC nutrition education and help prevent childhood obesity...
August 2, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767094/depressive-symptoms-and-length-of-u-s-residency-are-associated-with-obesity-among-low-income-latina-mothers-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#7
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Mary L Greaney, Sherrie F Wallington, Julie A Wright, Anne T Hunt
Latinos are the largest minority population group in the United States (U.S.), and low-income Latina women are at elevated risk of depression and obesity. Thus, the prevention of these two problems is a pressing public health concern in this population. Both depressive symptoms and obesity are modifiable factors that can be addressed by culturally relevant interventions. However, the association between depressive symptoms and obesity in Latina immigrant women is not well understood. Therefore, this cross-sectional study examined the association between depressive symptoms and obesity among Latina women of childbearing age (15-44)...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766320/nutrition-education-and-body-mass-index-in-grades-k-12-a-systematic-review
#8
Cayla Price, Deborah Cohen, Peter Pribis, Jean Cerami
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obese body mass index (BMI) status affects an increasing number of children in the United States. The school setting has been identified as a focus area to implement obesity prevention programs. METHODS: A database search of PubMed, Education Search Complete, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) was conducted for peer-reviewed articles published between January 2005 and December 2015 pertaining to programs offered in the school setting to grades K-12 in the United States with a nutrition education component and measured BMI percentile or BMI z-score as an outcome...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742239/a-scoping-review-of-skills-and-tools-oral-health-professionals-need-to-engage-children-and-parents-in-dietary-changes-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-and-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#9
Lisa F Mallonee, Linda D Boyd, Cynthia Stegeman
OBJECTIVES: Increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to obesity. Obesity now affects one in six children in the United States. The purpose of this scoping review is to identify and review published studies that discuss skills and tools oral health professionals can use with children (under age 12) and their parents to encourage dietary changes to aid in preventing childhood obesity and reducing consumption of SSBs. METHODS: Key search terms were identified and used to examine selected databases via PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738884/health-status-and-health-behaviors-among-citizen-endurance-nordic-skiers-in-the-united-states
#10
Paul J Anderson, Ralph S Bovard, Mohammad Hassan Murad, Timothy J Beebe, Zhen Wang
BACKGROUND: More than two-thirds of Americans are overweight or obese (69%) placing them at high risk for a wide array of chronic diseases. Physical activity anchors most approaches to obesity prevention and weight management, but physical activity levels remain low in the general US population. As a group, citizen athletes who compete in Nordic skiing events such as the American Birkebeiner participate in fitness cultures that promote physical activity. METHODS: During October-November 2014, we emailed a 48 question online survey to 23,611 individuals who had participated in the American Birkebeiner ski event, the largest citizen ski race in North America...
July 24, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697039/depressive-symptoms-and-weight-in-midlife-women-the-role-of-stress-eating-and-menopause-status
#11
Dana R Schreiber, Natalie D Dautovich
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is prevalent in midlife women and contributes to poor health outcomes. Understanding mechanisms leading to weight gain in this population is of importance for prevention and intervention. The current study investigated the association between depressive symptoms and weight in midlife women by examining stress eating as a mediator between depressive symptoms and weight; and menopause status as a moderator of the associations of depressive symptoms, stress eating, and weight...
July 10, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690864/surgical-site-infections-after-cesarean-delivery-epidemiology-prevention-and-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Tetsuya Kawakita, Helain J Landy
Cesarean delivery (CD) is one of the most common procedures performed in the United States, accounting for 32% of all deliveries. Postpartum surgical site infection (SSI), wound infection and endometritis is a major cause of prolonged hospital stay and poses a burden to the health care system. SSIs complicate a significant number of patients who undergo CD - 2-7% will experience sound infections and 2-16% will develop endometritis. Many risk factors for SSI have been described. These include maternal factors (such as tobacco use; limited prenatal care; obesity; corticosteroid use; nulliparity; twin gestations; and previous CD), intrapartum and operative factors (such as chorioamnionitis; premature rupture of membranes; prolonged rupture of membranes; prolonged labor, particularly prolonged second stage; large incision length; subcutaneous tissue thickness > 3 cm; subcutaneous hematoma; lack of antibiotic prophylaxis; emergency delivery; and excessive blood loss), and obstetrical care on the teaching service of an academic institution...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684221/exercise-training-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-heart-failure
#13
REVIEW
Nitin Kondamudi, Mark Haykowsky, Daniel E Forman, Jarett D Berry, Ambarish Pandey
Heart failure (HF) results in high healthcare costs and burdens for the United States in respects to hospitalizations, therapies, and associated disability. The relative proportion of HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) compared with HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is on the rise; HFpEF has already become the dominant form of HF and it continues to increase. The serious implications of these trends are compounded by a dearth of effective HFpEF therapies. While low physical activity, low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and obesity, are risk factors for HF in general, they particularly predispose to HFpEF...
June 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683464/long-term-health-impact-of-early-nutrition-the-power-of-programming
#14
Berthold Koletzko, Brigitte Brands, Veit Grote, Franca F Kirchberg, Christine Prell, Peter Rzehak, Olaf Uhl, Martina Weber
The Power of Programming conference 2016 at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich brought together about 600 researchers and other stakeholders from around the world who reviewed the recent evidence on the lasting health impact of environment and nutrition during early life, from pre-pregnancy to early childhood. The conference was hosted by the Early Nutrition Project, a multidisciplinary research collaboration funded by the European Commission with collaborating researchers from 35 institutions in 15 countries in Europe, the United States and Australia...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683054/invasive-cancer-incidence-2004-2013-and-deaths-2006-2015-in-nonmetropolitan-and-metropolitan-counties-united-states
#15
S Jane Henley, Robert N Anderson, Cheryll C Thomas, Greta M Massetti, Brandy Peaker, Lisa C Richardson
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Previous reports have shown that persons living in nonmetropolitan (rural or urban) areas in the United States have higher death rates from all cancers combined than persons living in metropolitan areas. Disparities might vary by cancer type and between occurrence and death from the disease. This report provides a comprehensive assessment of cancer incidence and deaths by cancer type in nonmetropolitan and metropolitan counties. REPORTING PERIOD: 2004-2015...
July 7, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632874/screening-for-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#16
David C Grossman, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Susan J Curry, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Based on year 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts, approximately 17% of children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years in the United States have obesity, and almost 32% of children and adolescents are overweight or have obesity. Obesity in children and adolescents is associated with morbidity such as mental health and psychological issues, asthma, obstructive sleep apnea, orthopedic problems, and adverse cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes (eg, high blood pressure, abnormal lipid levels, and insulin resistance)...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632873/screening-for-obesity-and-intervention-for-weight-management-in-children-and-adolescents-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#17
REVIEW
Elizabeth A O'Connor, Corinne V Evans, Brittany U Burda, Emily S Walsh, Michelle Eder, Paula Lozano
Importance: Obesity is common in children and adolescents in the United States, is associated with negative health effects, and increases the likelihood of obesity in adulthood. Objective: To systematically review the benefits and harms of screening and treatment for obesity and overweight in children and adolescents to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Collaboration Registry of Controlled Trials, and the Education Resources Information Center through January 22, 2016; references of relevant publications; government websites...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591225/trends-in-food-insecurity-for-adults-with-cardiometabolic-disease-in-the-united-states-2005-2012
#18
Seth A Berkowitz, Theodore S Z Berkowitz, James B Meigs, Deborah J Wexler
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity, the uncertain ability to access adequate food, can limit adherence to dietary measures needed to prevent and manage cardiometabolic conditions. However, little is known about temporal trends in food insecurity among those with diet-sensitive cardiometabolic conditions. METHODS: We used data from the Continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2012, analyzed in 2015-2016, to calculate trends in age-standardized rates of food insecurity for those with and without the following diet-sensitive cardiometabolic conditions: diabetes mellitus, hypertension, coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, and obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579134/the-impact-of-obesity-on-pediatric-inpatients-with-urinary-tract-infections-in-the-united-states
#19
Yusuke Okubo, Atsuhiko Handa
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are common infectious disorders, and obesity is an increasing public health problem worldwide. Several studies have suggested that childhood obesity may be associated with the development of UTI. However, the potential effects of obesity on the clinical outcomes of UTI in children remain unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hospital discharge records for patients aged 18 years or younger with a diagnosis of UTI were extracted from the 2012 Kids' Inpatient Database...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574229/the-effects-of-joint-disease-inhibitors-and-other-complications-on-health-related-quality-of-life-among-males-with-severe-haemophilia-a-in-the-united-states
#20
J M Soucie, S D Grosse, A-E-A Siddiqi, V Byams, J Thierry, M M Zack, A Shapiro, N Duncan
INTRODUCTION: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is reduced among persons with haemophilia. Little is known about how HRQoL varies with complications of haemophilia such as inhibitors and joint disease. Estimates of preference-based HRQoL measures are needed to model the cost-effectiveness of prevention strategies. AIM: We examined the characteristics of a national sample of persons with severe haemophilia A for associations with two preference-based measures of HRQoL...
July 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
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