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obesity prevention AND united states

Keumseok Koh, Sue C Grady, Igor Vojnovic, Joe T Darden
OBJECTIVES: From 2000 to 2010, the Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity (DNPAO) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) funded 37 state health departments to address the obesity epidemic in their states through various interventions. The objective of this study was to investigate the overall impacts of CDC-DNPAO statewide intervention programs on adult obesity prevalence in the United States. METHODS: We used a set of an individual-level, interrupted time-series regression and a quasi-experimental analysis to evaluate the overall effect of CDC-DNPAO intervention programs before (1998-1999) and after (2010) their implementation by using data from CDC's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
Brandon K Bellows, Casey R Tak, Jessica N Sanders, David K Turok, Eleanor B Schwarz
BACKGROUND: The copper intrauterine device is the most effective form of emergency contraception and can also provide long-term contraception. The levonorgestrel intrauterine device has also been studied in combination with oral levonorgestrel for women seeking emergency contraception. However, intrauterine devices have higher upfront costs than oral methods, such as ulipristal acetate and levonorgestrel. Healthcare payers and decision makers (e.g., healthcare insurers, government programs) with financial constraints must determine if the increased effectiveness of intrauterine device emergency contraception methods are worth the additional costs...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Marcia P Jimenez, Mark A Green, S V Subramanian, Fahad Razak
PURPOSE: Public health reporting, randomized trials, and epidemiologic studies of obesity tend to consider it as a homogeneous entity. However, obesity may represent a heterogeneous condition according to demographic, clinical, and behavioral factors. We assessed the heterogeneity of individuals with obesity in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2011-2012 wave of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States with detailed physical examination and clinical data (n = 1380)...
January 9, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Connie L Winik, C Elizabeth Bonham
Introduction: Obesity is a rapidly growing health problem reaching epidemic levels around the world (World Health Organization, 2014). According to the World Health Organization, the current incident rate of obesity makes it the leading risk for deaths across the globe. The United States (USA) is amidst in this growing global epidemic. The obesity epidemic is a nondiscriminatory health problem affecting millions of individuals from a variety of backgrounds and social status. One group impacted by this disease is the US military...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
Karen Menigoz, Andrea Nathan, Kristiann C Heesch, Gavin Turrell
PURPOSE: Increasing global migration, high obesity in developed countries, and ethnic health inequalities are compelling reasons to monitor immigrant obesity trends. Longitudinal studies of ethnicity, length of residence, and adiposity in contexts outside of the United States are lacking. METHODS: Nine waves (2006-2014) of the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey were analyzed (n = 20,934; 52% women; 101,717 person-year observations) using random effects modeling to assess average annual change in body mass index (BMI) by ethnic group...
January 11, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Meera Sreedhara, Valerie J Silfee, Milagros C Rosal, Molly E Waring, Stephenie C Lemon
Background: Regular physical activity (PA) lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but few US adults meet PA guidelines. The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends primary care providers offer PA counselling for CVD prevention. We examined the association between adherence to PA guidelines and reported provider advice to increase PA among US adults with overweight/obesity and ≥1 additional CVD risk factor. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2014) on PA and provider advice to increase PA were analysed for 4158 adults (≥20 years old) with overweight/obesity who reported ≥1 of hypertension, high cholesterol or impaired fasting glucose...
January 30, 2018: Family Practice
Katrina F Mateo, Natalie B Berner, Natalie L Ricci, Pich Seekaew, Sandeep Sikerwar, Craig Tenner, Joanna Dognin, Scott E Sherman, Adina Kalet, Melanie Jay
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a worldwide epidemic, and its prevalence is higher among Veterans in the United States. Based on our prior research, primary care teams at a Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital do not feel well-equipped to deliver effective weight management counseling and often lack sufficient time. Further, effective and intensive lifestyle-based weight management programs (e.g. VA MOVE! program) are underutilized despite implementation of systematic screening and referral at all VA sites...
January 29, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara, Bethsebie L Sailo, Kishore Banik, Choudhary Harsha, Sahdeo Prasad, Subash Chandra Gupta, Alok Chandra Bharti, Bharat B Aggarwal
Extensive research within the last several decades has revealed that the major risk factors for most chronic diseases are infections, obesity, alcohol, tobacco, radiation, environmental pollutants, and diet. It is now well established that these factors induce chronic diseases through induction of inflammation. However, inflammation could be either acute or chronic. Acute inflammation persists for a short duration and is the host defense against infections and allergens, whereas the chronic inflammation persists for a long time and leads to many chronic diseases including cancer, cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, respiratory diseases, etc...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
Ying Chen, Ichiro Kawachi, Lisa F Berkman, Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Laura D Kubzansky
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have gone beyond studying marital status to examine effects of marital quality on body weight. This study examined the association of marital quality with weight change and incident obesity in midlife. It differentiated positive and negative components of marital quality considering overall marital quality, marital support, and marital strain. METHOD: Data are from 2,636 adults from the Midlife in the United States study who participated in 2 waves of data collection 10 years apart...
January 25, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Micah Olson, Melissa Chambers, Gabe Shaibi
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality in the United States . Atherosclerotic CV events do not occur until adulthood, except in the context of rare genetic disorders such as homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. However, the atherogenic process that leads to CVD begins in childhood and progresses throughout the lifespan . The degree of atherosclerosis early in life is associated with established risk factors for CVD (e.g. family history, obesity, dyslipidemia), indicating that the development and progression of atherosclerosis in childhood is driven by genetic as well as environmental factors...
January 16, 2018: Current Pediatric Reviews
Sayeed Ikramuddin, Judith Korner, Wei-Jei Lee, Avis J Thomas, John E Connett, John P Bantle, Daniel B Leslie, Qi Wang, William B Inabnet, Robert W Jeffery, Keong Chong, Lee-Ming Chuang, Michael D Jensen, Adrian Vella, Leaque Ahmed, Kumar Belani, Charles J Billington
Importance: The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is effective in achieving established diabetes treatment targets, but durability is unknown. Objective: To compare durability of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass added to intensive lifestyle and medical management in achieving diabetes control targets. Design, Setting, and Participants: Observational follow-up of a randomized clinical trial at 4 sites in the United States and Taiwan, involving 120 participants who had a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level of 8...
January 16, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Samuel H Preston, Yana C Vierboom, Andrew Stokes
Recent studies have described a reduction in the rate of improvement in American mortality. The pace of improvement is also slow by international standards. This paper attempts to identify the extent to which rising body mass index (BMI) is responsible for reductions in the rate of mortality improvement in the United States. The data for this study were obtained from subsequent cohorts of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III, 1988-1994; NHANES continuous, 1999-2010) and from the NHANES linked mortality files, which include follow-up into death records through December 2011...
January 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Qun Le, Mary L Greaney
Chinese are a fast-growing immigrant population group in several parts of the world (e.g., Australia, Canada, Europe, Southeast Asia, United States). Research evidence suggests that compared to non-Hispanic whites, individuals of Asian-origin including Chinese are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes at a lower body mass index (BMI). These risks may be possibly due to genetic differences in body composition and metabolic responses. Despite the increasing numbers of Chinese children growing up in immigrant families and the increasing prevalence of obesity among Chinese, little research has been focused on children of Chinese immigrant families...
December 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
D Liu, Y Zhai, W H Zhao
Since the invention of sugar, added sugars bring us enjoyment. As consumption continues to rise, especially the advent of sugary drinks makes it easier for people to consume added sugars, less sugars and reduced sugars have also become a of concern around the world. In recent years, in WHO and several countries, tax on sugary beverages has been designed to reduce the intake of sugar and prevent the economic costs of obesity and other diseases. This paper reviews the WHO's proposal on sugary drinks tax and the progress of sugary drinks tax in Hungary, Finland, France, Mexico, the United States, South Africa and other countries and regions...
December 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Huacong Wen, Yuying Chen, Yin He, C Scott Bickel, Susan Robinson-Whelen, Allen W Heinemann
OBJECTIVE: To investigate racial differences in body mass index (BMI) change over 5 years among people with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Multicenter longitudinal study SETTING: 11 SCI Model Systems centers in the United States PARTICIPANTS: 437 individuals (313 non-Hispanic white, 81 non-Hispanic black and 43 Hispanic), who incurred a SCI 1974 to 2010 and completed 2 follow-up assessments within 5 years between October 2006 and September 2015. Of these 335 men and 102 women, the average age was 41 years (range: 18-78 years), and duration of injury was 9 years (range: 1-35 years) at the start of the 5-year follow-up...
December 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Mohammed Qintar, Puza P Sharma, Yashashwi Pokharel, Yuanyuan Tang, Yuan Lu, Philip Jones, Rachel P Dreyer, John A Spertus
Elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is associated with worse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but little is known about the distribution of hs-CRP levels and predictors of elevated hs-CRP after AMI in the real world. Translational Research Investigating Underlying Disparities in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients' Health Status (TRIUMPH) and Variation in Recovery: Role of Gender on Outcomes of Young AMI Patients (VIRGO) are prospective AMI registries in the United States that assessed hs-CRP levels 30 days after AMI...
December 2017: Clinical Cardiology
Ting Xiao, Katherine A Stamatakis, Allese B McVay
Local health departments (LHDs) have an important function in controlling the growing epidemic of obesity in the United States. Data are needed to gain insight into the existence of routine functions and structures of LHDs that support and sustain obesity prevention efforts. The purpose of this study was to develop and examine the reliability of measures to assess foundational LHD organizational processes and functions specific to obesity prevention. Survey measures were developed using a stratified, random sample of US LHDs to assess supportive organizational processes and infrastructure for obesity prevention representing different domains...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Ernest R Vina, C Kent Kwoh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to highlight recent studies of osteoarthritis epidemiology, including research on prevalence, disease impact, and potential risk factors. RECENT FINDINGS: Osteoarthritis is highly prevalent in the United States and around the globe. It is a leading cause of disability and can negatively impact people's physical and mental well being. Healthcare resources and costs associated with managing the disease can be substantial...
December 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
Lyndel Hewitt, Sara E Benjamin-Neelon, Valerie Carson, Rebecca M Stanley, Ian Janssen, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare adherence to physical activity and sedentary behaviour recommendations within the 2011 Institute of Medicine Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Policies as well as screen time recommendations from the 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics for samples of infants in child care centres in Australia, Canada, and the United States (US). METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from: the Australian 2013 Standing Preschools (N=9) and the 2014-2017 Early Start Baseline (N=22) studies; the 2011 Canadian Healthy Living Habits in Pre-School Children study (N=14); and the American 2008 (N=31) and 2013-2017 (N=31) Baby Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) trials...
December 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
Carolyn M Tucker, Tasia M Smith, Maggie L Hogan, Marion Banzhaf, Nanette Molina, Brendaly Rodríguez
The high prevalence of health disparity diseases (e.g., obesity, Type 2 diabetes) among underserved populations in the United States suggests the need for increased resources to prevent these diseases and to improve health care access and quality in underserved communities. Community health workers are valuable resources and facilitators of health care access and quality treatment. The purpose of the present study is to provide descriptive information about community health workers in Florida and to provide recommendations for improved training and expansion of community health workers' roles in research and intervention...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Community Health
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