keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

obesity prevention AND united states

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659693/the-history-and-future-of-dietary-guidance-in-america
#1
Lisa Jahns, Wendy Davis-Shaw, Alice H Lichtenstein, Suzanne P Murphy, Zach Conrad, Forrest Nielsen
Evidence-based dietary guidance in the United States has progressed substantially since its inception >100 y ago. This review describes the historical development and significance of dietary guidance in the United States, including the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs), and emphasizes the foundations upon which they were developed, the process in the formation of past and current guidelines, and present and future applications. Dietary guidance during the first half of the 20th century was focused primarily on food groups in a healthy diet, food safety, safe food storage, and the role of some minerals and vitamins in the prevention of disease...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658399/a-qualitative-study-to-assess-barber-perceptions-of-the-feasibility-of-the-employer-as-a-health-advisor-for-obesity-prevention
#2
Siddhartha Roy, Andrew R Hansen, Levi Ross, Rebecca Larson
Obesity has become a serious issue affecting millions of Americans, especially in the southern United States. One avenue for addressing obesity is the workplace setting. This formative research study examined the feasibility of an obesity prevention worksite intervention in the barbershop for African American barbershop owners (employers) and barbers (employees). The study proposes an intervention where the owner of the barbershop would be trained to educate his barbers about obesity prevention. Twenty in-depth interviews were conducted with the owners ( n = 5) and barbers ( n = 15) of five barbershops in Statesboro, Georgia, to determine the feasibility of the intervention...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655968/mediation-of-the-bidirectional-relations-between-obesity-and-depression-among-women
#3
Jeffrey R Vittengl
Past research established that obesity increases risk for development of depression, and depression increases risk for development of obesity. The current study tested physical impairment (difficulty with instrumental activities of daily living), social dysfunction (low social support and high social strain), and emotional eating (using food to cope with stress) as mediators of the bidirectional, longitudinal relations between depression and obesity. A national sample of mid-life adults in the United States (N = 7108) was assessed at three time points over 18 years...
April 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609470/relationships-between-glycemic-control-and-cardiovascular-fitness
#4
Elizabeth W Moxley, Donald Smith, Lauretta Quinn, Chang Gi Park
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is a serious health problem affecting approximately 29.1 million individuals in the United States. Another 86 million have prediabetes. The development and implementation of lifestyle modifications such as physical activity for these persons are among the most effective methods for prevention and treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine relationships between glycemic control (HbA1c) and cardiovascular fitness (peak maximal oxygen uptake [VO2 peak] and ventilatory threshold [VT]) in overweight/obese subjects with and without type 2 diabetes (T2DM)...
January 1, 2018: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603040/screening-for-childhood-adversity-the-what-and-when-of-identifying-individuals-at-risk-for-lifespan-health-disparities
#5
Kate Ryan Kuhlman, Theodore F Robles, Julienne E Bower, Judith E Carroll
Existing research on childhood adversity and health risk across the lifespan lacks specificity regarding which types of exposures to assess and when. The purpose of this study was to contribute to an empirically-supported framework to guide practitioners interested in identifying youth who may be at greatest risk for a lifelong trajectory of health disparities. We also sought to identify the point in childhood at which screening for adversity exposure would capture the largest group of at risk individuals for triage to prevention and intervention services...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570250/current-knowledge-of-obesity-treatment-guidelines-by-health-care-professionals
#6
Monique Turner, Nichole Jannah, Scott Kahan, Christine Gallagher, William Dietz
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess health care professionals' knowledge of evidence-based guidelines for the nonsurgical treatment of obesity. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of internists, family practitioners, obstetricians/gynecologists, and nurse practitioners completed a web-based survey between June 9 and July 1, 2016 (n = 1,506). RESULTS: Only 16% of respondents indicated that obesity counseling should be provided approximately twice monthly in an individual or group setting for at least 6 months, in accordance with United States Preventive Services Task Force and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services guidelines...
April 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555462/effects-of-tunable-3d-bioprinted-hydrogels-on-human-brown-adipocyte-behavior-and-metabolic-function
#7
Mitchell Kuss, Jiyoung Kim, Dianjun Qi, Shaohua Wu, Yuguo Lei, Soonkyu Chung, Bin Duan
Obesity and its related health complications cause billions of dollars in healthcare costs annually in the United States, and there are yet to be safe and long-lasting anti-obesity approaches. Using brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a promising approach, as it uses fats for energy expenditure. However, the effect of the microenvironment on human thermogenic brown adipogenesis and how to generate clinically relevant sized and functioning BAT are still unknown. In our current study, we evaluated the effects of endothelial growth medium exposure on brown adipogenesis of human brown adipose progenitors (BAP)...
March 16, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549249/geographical-variation-in-the-prevalence-of-obesity-metabolic-syndrome-and-diabetes-among-us-adults
#8
Matthew J Gurka, Stephanie L Filipp, Mark D DeBoer
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes remain significant public health concerns. Targeting of prevention efforts by geographical location has been suggested by the Institute of Medicine to coincide with the presence of area-based risk. The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a stronger risk factor than is obesity for the prediction of future CVD and diabetes, yet its prevalence has not previously been described geographically. Our objective is to determine geographical variation in the prevalence of obesity, MetS, and diabetes among US adults...
March 13, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533146/effect-of-the-shaping-healthy-choices-program-a-multicomponent-school-based-nutrition-intervention-on-physical-activity-intensity
#9
Deborah S Fetter, Rachel Erin Scherr, Jessica D Linnell, Madan Dharmar, Sara E Schaefer, Sheri Zidenberg-Cherr
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity has been shown to have a wide range of beneficial health effects, yet few youth meet the United States physical activity recommendation of 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) everyday. The objective of this study was to determine whether physical activity patterns improved in a subsample of fourth-graders participating in the multicomponent intervention, the Shaping Healthy Choices Program (SHCP). METHODS: At pre- and post-intervention assessments, youth at the control and intervention schools wore a Polar Active monitor on their nondominant wrist 24 h/d for at least 2 consecutive days...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526518/obesity-and-place-chronic-disease-in-the-500-largest-u-s-cities
#10
Kevin M Fitzpatrick, Xuan Shi, Don Willis, Jill Niemeier
OBJECTIVES: Extant research clearly points to a correlation between place and health, specifically as it pertains to chronic diseases like obesity. The present study examines this relationship among a diverse set of compositional place indicators and obesity rates across census tracts in the 500 largest cities in the United States. METHODS: Using data compiled from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation 500 Cities project and the Census' American Community Survey, the analyses examined aggregate relationships between sociodemographic, socioeconomic, and housing characteristics of census tracts and crude prevalence obesity rates in over 27,000 census tracts located in the 500 largest cities in the United States...
March 8, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519885/accelerating-the-pace-of-cancer-prevention-right-now
#11
Graham A Colditz, Karen M Emmons
As a nation, we underinvest in prevention and fail to implement strategies that ensure all population groups equitably share in the return on investment in prevention research and the benefits of prevention effectiveness. There is significant evidence indicating that by applying knowledge that we already have to reduce tobacco, inactivity, and obesity (known modifiable causes of cancer), we can prevent more than 50% of cancers. Vaccination against HPV, aspirin and selective estrogen receptor modulators, and screening programs further reduce risk...
March 8, 2018: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507099/relation-of-dietary-sodium-salt-to-blood-pressure-and-its-possible-modulation-by-other-dietary-factors-the-intermap-study
#12
Jeremiah Stamler, Queenie Chan, Martha L Daviglus, Alan R Dyer, Linda Van Horn, Daniel B Garside, Katsuyuki Miura, Yangfeng Wu, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Liancheng Zhao, Paul Elliott
Available data indicate that dietary sodium (as salt) relates directly to blood pressure (BP). Most of these findings are from studies lacking dietary data; hence, it is unclear whether this sodium-BP relationship is modulated by other dietary factors. With control for multiple nondietary factors, but not body mass index, there were direct relations to BP of 24-hour urinary sodium excretion and the urinary sodium/potassium ratio among 4680 men and women 40 to 59 years of age (17 population samples in China, Japan, United Kingdom, and United States) in the INTERMAP (International Study on Macro/Micronutrients and Blood Pressure), and among its 2195 American participants, for example, 2 SD higher 24-hour urinary sodium excretion (118...
April 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489599/youth-victims-of-violence-report-worse-quality-of-life-than-youth-with-chronic-diseases
#13
Michael N Levas, Marlene Melzer-Lange, Sergey Tarima, Lauren M Beverung, Julie Panepinto
OBJECTIVES: Measuring health-related quality of life (HRQOL) provides the patient's perspective of his/her well-being and offers a unique outcome measure to demonstrate the impact of violence on the victim. To date, no study has described HRQOL in youth victims of violence in the United States. The purpose of this study was to describe HRQOL in youth victims of violence as compared with healthy youth and youth with chronic disease. METHODS: We conducted an exploratory cross-sectional study of the HRQOL of victims of violence aged 8 to 18 years...
February 28, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480848/exenatide-once-weekly-for-smoking-cessation-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Luba Yammine, Thomas R Kosten, Paul M Cinciripini, Charles E Green, Janet C Meininger, Jennifer A Minnix, Thomas F Newton
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is the greatest preventable cause of morbidity and premature mortality in the United States. Approved pharmacological treatments for smoking cessation are marginally effective, underscoring the need for improved pharmacotherapies. A novel approach might use glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonists, which reduce alcohol and drug use in preclinical studies. GLP-1 is produced in the intestinal L-cells and in the hindbrain. The peptide maintains glucose homeostasis and reduces food intake...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452981/body-mass-index-and-tobacco-product-use-among-u-s-youth-findings-from-wave-1-2013-2014-of-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study
#15
Victoria R Green, Marushka L Silveira, Heather L Kimmel, Kevin P Conway
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco and obesity are leading contributors to mortality in the United States. Due to emerging changes in youth tobacco use, further examination of co-occurrence of these issues is warranted. METHODS: This study examined associations between body mass index (BMI) and tobacco-product use and whether these varied by gender in a nationally representative sample of 12,416 Wave 1 (2013-2014) U.S. youth (12-17 years) from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study...
February 5, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425081/impacts-of-federally-funded-state-obesity-programs-on-adult-obesity-prevalence-in-the-united-states-1998-2010
#16
Keumseok Koh, Sue C Grady, Igor Vojnovic, Joe T Darden
OBJECTIVES: From 2000 to 2010, the Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity (DNPAO) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) funded 37 state health departments to address the obesity epidemic in their states through various interventions. The objective of this study was to investigate the overall impacts of CDC-DNPAO statewide intervention programs on adult obesity prevalence in the United States. METHODS: We used a set of an individual-level, interrupted time-series regression and a quasi-experimental analysis to evaluate the overall effect of CDC-DNPAO intervention programs before (1998-1999) and after (2010) their implementation by using data from CDC's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409847/cost-effectiveness-of-emergency-contraception-options-over-one-year
#17
Brandon K Bellows, Casey R Tak, Jessica N Sanders, David K Turok, Eleanor B Schwarz
BACKGROUND: The copper intrauterine device is the most effective form of emergency contraception and can also provide long-term contraception. The levonorgestrel intrauterine device has also been studied in combination with oral levonorgestrel for women seeking emergency contraception. However, intrauterine devices have higher upfront costs than oral methods, such as ulipristal acetate and levonorgestrel. Healthcare payers and decision makers (e.g., healthcare insurers, government programs) with financial constraints must determine if the increased effectiveness of intrauterine device emergency contraception methods are worth the additional costs...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402536/a-demographic-clinical-and-behavioral-typology-of-obesity-in-the-united-states-an-analysis-of-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2012
#18
Marcia P Jimenez, Mark A Green, S V Subramanian, Fahad Razak
PURPOSE: Public health reporting, randomized trials, and epidemiologic studies of obesity tend to consider it as a homogeneous entity. However, obesity may represent a heterogeneous condition according to demographic, clinical, and behavioral factors. We assessed the heterogeneity of individuals with obesity in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2011-2012 wave of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States with detailed physical examination and clinical data (n = 1380)...
January 9, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401347/implementation-of-a-screening-and-management-of-overweight-and-obesity-clinical-practice-guideline-in-an-ambulatory-care-setting
#19
Connie L Winik, C Elizabeth Bonham
Introduction: Obesity is a rapidly growing health problem reaching epidemic levels around the world (World Health Organization, 2014). According to the World Health Organization, the current incident rate of obesity makes it the leading risk for deaths across the globe. The United States (USA) is amidst in this growing global epidemic. The obesity epidemic is a nondiscriminatory health problem affecting millions of individuals from a variety of backgrounds and social status. One group impacted by this disease is the US military...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395665/ethnicity-length-of-residence-and-prospective-trends-in-body-mass-index-in-a-national-sample-of-australian-adults-2006-2014
#20
Karen Menigoz, Andrea Nathan, Kristiann C Heesch, Gavin Turrell
PURPOSE: Increasing global migration, high obesity in developed countries, and ethnic health inequalities are compelling reasons to monitor immigrant obesity trends. Longitudinal studies of ethnicity, length of residence, and adiposity in contexts outside of the United States are lacking. METHODS: Nine waves (2006-2014) of the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey were analyzed (n = 20,934; 52% women; 101,717 person-year observations) using random effects modeling to assess average annual change in body mass index (BMI) by ethnic group...
January 11, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
keyword
keyword
80377
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"