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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149455/positive-effect-on-patient-experience-of-video-information-given-prior-to-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-clinical-trial
#1
Britt-Marie Ahlander, Jan Engvall, Eva Maret, Elisabeth Ericsson
AIMS: To evaluate the effect of video information given before cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging on patient anxiety and to compare patient experiences of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging versus myocardial perfusion scintigraphy. To evaluate if additional information has an impact on motion artefacts. BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy are technically advanced methods for the evaluation of heart diseases...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144626/super-selective-robot-assisted-partial-nephrectomy-using-near-infrared-flurorescence-versus-early-unclamping-of-the-renal-artery-results-of-a-prospective-matched-pair-analysis
#2
Cecilia Lanchon, Valentin Arnoux, Gaëlle Fiard, Jean-Luc Descotes, Jean-Jacques Rambeaud, Jean-Benjamin Lefrancq, Delphine Poncet, Nicolas Terrier, Camille Overs, Quentin Franquet, Jean-Alexandre Long
INTRODUCTION: Super-selective clamping of tumor-specific segmental arteries was developed to eliminate ischemia of the remnant kidney while limiting hemorrhage during partial nephrectomy. The objective is to evaluate the benefice of super-selective clamping on renal functional outcome, compared to early-unclamping of the renal artery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 2015 to July 2016, data from 30 patients undergoing super-selective robot-assisted PN (RAPN) for a solitary tumor by a single surgeon were prospectively collected...
November 19, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142969/elucidation-of-renal-scars-in-children-with%C3%A2-vesicoureteral-reflux-using-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-a-pilot%C3%A2-study
#3
David S Hains, Harris L Cohen, M Beth McCarville, Ellen E Ellison, Amy Huffman, Stacey Glass, Aslam H Qureshi, Keith R Pierce, Ashlyn L Cahill, Ashley Dixon, Noel Delos Santos
Introduction: Vesicoureteral reflux is a common disorder in children but can result in kidney scarring following acute pyelonephritis. The gold standard diagnostic to detect renal scars in children is (99m)Tc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy. DMSA has a number of limitations including radiation exposure, need for sedation, and radiotracer supply shortages. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a technique whereby biocompatible microspheres of inert gas are administered i.v...
May 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142863/rabbit-submandibular-salivary-gland-replantation
#4
Akram A Almansoori, Namuun Khentii, Wei-Hong Hei, Nari Seo, Sung-Ho Lee, Soung Min Kim, Jong Ho Lee
Objectives: To test the feasibility of submandibular salivary gland (SMG) replantation techniques and the survival of the replanted glands. Such a study can provide a rationale for later allotransplantation procedures, along with implementation of conventional and advanced immunosuppression therapy. Materials and Methods: Six SMG replantations were performed in New Zealand white rabbits. One week postoperatively, (99m)Tc scintigraphy was performed and the uptake ratio and salivary excretion fraction were calculated...
October 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142853/silk-suture-reaction-in-thyroid-surgery
#5
Selen Soylu, Akif Enes Arikan, Serkan Teksoz, Murat Ozcan, Yusuf Bukey
Silk suture reaction (i.e., a benign granulomatous inflammatory foreign body reaction) is a rare complication of thyroid surgery. Here, two cases of post-thyroidectomy suture reaction are presented. Both of the patients were female, one is 48 and the other is 34 years old. The patients were presented with neck swelling and leakage of serous fluid from the Kocher's incision. Both patients had normal free T4, free T3, and TSH values. The 48-year-old female patient had a right subtotal and left near-total thyroidectomy 6 years ago and the other had bilateral total thyroidectomy 6 years ago...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142365/superscan-on-methylene-diphosphonate-skeletal-scintigraphy-in-prostatic-adenocarcinoma-a-common-finding-but-rare-etiology
#6
Piyali Chatterjee, Anirban Mukherjee, Deepanjan Mitra, Amit Nautiyal, Anindya Roy
Excessive skeletal radioisotope uptake in relation to soft tissues along with absent or faint activity in the genitourinary tract on skeletal scintigraphy is known as a "superscan." Prostate cancer is the most common cause of superscan in skeletal scintigraphy due to diffuse skeletal metastases. However, prostate cancer may cause secondary renal osteodystrophy leading to metabolic superscan also. Differentiating between these two entities are important as treatment options are different. We, hereby, describe a case of prostatic adenocarcinoma presented with metabolic superscan on methylene diphosphonate skeletal scintigraphy and demonstrate the utility of single emission computed tomography-computed tomography in differentiating between two entities...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142364/bone-scan-in-evaluation-of-bone-viability-in-severe-frostbite-of-the-hand
#7
Ishan Garg, Maria J Baladron Zanetti, Ayse T Kendi
A 39-year-old male presented to the emergency department (ED) with frostbite to the fingers of both hands. In the ED, he received warm baths, acetylsalicylic acid, clopidogrel, and heparin. A three-phase bone scintigraphy with technetium-99m-methylene diphosphonate revealed absent radiotracer uptake in distal phalanges of both hands. The patient received acetylsalicylic acid, clopidogrel and wound care for the next 5 days and made an excellent recovery with satisfactory wound healing in both hands. Early rapid rewarming and reperfusion can improve the prognosis significantly and therefore bone scan done within first 1-2 days may give spurious results...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142350/bone-scan-in-detection-of-biological-activity-in-nonhypertrophic-fracture-nonunion
#8
Sunny J Gandhi, Bhavdeep Rabadiya
Biological activity of the fracture site is very important factor in treatment planning of fracture nonunion. If no biological activity is detected, then an autologous bone graft can be supplemented or osteogenic supplementations, such as bone morphogenetic protein is given. If biological activity is present, then secure fixation is sufficient to achieve bony union. Biological activity of nonunions is usually assessed by conventional radiographs. The presence of callus formation is usually assessed as the presence of biological activity...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142349/interesting-skeletal-radiologic-and-scintigraphic-outcomes-and-their-logical-clinical-conclusions
#9
Ranadheer Manthri, Tejonath Gadepalli, Deepthi Pathapati, Vvs Prabhakar Rao
Skeletal scintigraphy with (99m)Tc-methylene diphosphonate and 18-fluorine-fluoride the main stay in cancer follow-up for early detection of skeletal metastasis often reveal confusing and conflicting findings requiring proper interpretation in conjunction with clinical-radiological correlation. A series of commonly encountered findings are presented for elucidation.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142340/clinical-pearls-etiologies-of-superscan-appearance-on-fluorine-18-fludeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography
#10
REVIEW
John Joseph Manov, Patrick J Roth, Russ Kuker
The term "superscan" usually refers to a characteristic pattern on skeletal scintigraphy consisting of symmetrically intense and diffuse radiotracer uptake in the skeleton with absent or diminished visualization of the genitourinary system and soft tissues. Superscans and superscan-like appearances have also been described on fluorine-18-fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (18-F-FDG PET/CT). We review reported cases of 18-F-FDG PET/CT superscans and propose criteria for differentiating pathologic superscans from physiologic causes...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137818/molecular-imaging-for-the-diagnosis-of-infective-endocarditis-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Daniel Juneau, Mohammad Golfam, Samir Hazra, Fernanda Erthal, Lionel S Zuckier, Jordan Bernick, George A Wells, Rob S B Beanlands, Benjamin J W Chow
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is a serious, potentially life-threatening condition. Currently, the modified Duke criteria is used to assist with the diagnosis of IE, but it can still remain difficult. Growing data supports the potential use of molecular imaging to assist in the diagnosis of IE. Our objective was to understand the potential utility of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT), (67)Ga citrate and radiolabeled white blood cell (WBC) scintigraphy in the diagnosis of IE...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133170/hydronephrosis-and-crossing-vessels-in-children-optimization-of-diagnostic-therapeutic-pathway-and-analysis-of-color-doppler-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-urography-diagnostic-accuracy
#12
M C Y Wong, G Piaggio, M B Damasio, C Molinelli, S M Ferretti, A Pistorio, G Ghiggeri, M L Degl'Innocenti, A Canepa, V Incarbone, G Mattioli
INTRODUCTION: Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is one of the most frequent urological diseases affecting the pediatric population. It can be due to both intrinsic stenosis of the junction and extrinsic causes such as the presence of crossing vessels (CVs), which can be detected by color Doppler ultrasound (CD-US). Magnetic resonance urography (MRU) is a good alternative, but sedation and infusion of a contrast agent are required. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the diagnostic accuracy of CD-US and MRU in visualizing CVs in pediatric hydronephrosis, in order to decide the correct diagnostic pathway in the pre-operative phase...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131019/utility-of-autonomic-function-tests-to-differentiate-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-and-parkinson-disease-with-dementia-from-alzheimer-disease
#13
Shuta Toru, Tadashi Kanouchi, Takanori Yokota, Yosuke Yagi, Akira Machida, Takayoshi Kobayashi
OBJECTIVE: We studied autonomic disturbance in patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), Parkinson disease with dementia (PDD), Alzheimer disease (AD), to determine whether autonomic function tests can be used to distinguish these disorders. METHODS: Autonomic function was tested in 56 patients with DLB, 37 patients with PDD, and 59 patients with AD by using the sympathetic skin response, coefficient of variation in R-R interval, the head-up tilt test, serum norepinephrine concentration, and 123I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine cardiac scintigraphy...
November 13, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130586/prognostic-implication-of-fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-in-patients-with-recurrent-papillary-thyroid-cancer
#14
Ji-Hun Kang, Da-Woon Jung, Kyoung-June Pak, In-Ju Kim, Hak-Jin Kim, Jae-Keun Cho, Sung-Chan Shin, Soo-Geun Wang, Byung-Joo Lee
BACKGROUND: Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT ((18) F-FDG PET/CT) has been widely accepted as an effective method for detecting recurrent papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) in patients with increased serum thyroglobulin (Tg) or Tg antibody (TgAb) levels and negative whole-body scintigraphy (WBS) results. The role of WBS as a diagnostic tool in detecting recurrence has relatively decreased recently. However, only a few studies have examined the usefulness of (18) F-FDG PET/CT for evaluating patients with recurrent PTC, regardless of the WBS results...
November 11, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129151/false-positive-diagnosis-of-brain-death-following-the-pediatric-guidelines-case-report-and-discussion
#15
D Alan Shewmon
A 2-year-old boy with severe head trauma was diagnosed brain dead according to the 2011 Pediatric Guidelines. Computed tomographic (CT) scan showed massive cerebral edema with herniation. Intracranial pressures were extremely high, with cerebral perfusion pressures around 0 for several hours. An apnea test was initially contraindicated; later, one had to be terminated due to oxygen desaturation when the Pco2 had risen to 57.9 mm Hg. An electroencephalogram (EEG) was probably isoelectric but formally interpreted as equivocal...
December 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128002/update-in-parathyroid-imaging
#16
REVIEW
Samuel J Kuzminski, Julie A Sosa, Jenny K Hoang
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is characterized by excessive, dysregulated production of parathyroid hormone (PTH) by 1 or more abnormal parathyroid glands. Minimally invasive surgical techniques have created a need for more precise localization of the parathyroid lesion by imaging. A variety of imaging protocols and techniques have been used for this purpose, but no one modality is clearly superior. Nuclear medicine scintigraphy and ultrasound imaging are established modalities, although multiphase or 4-dimensional computed tomography is an emerging modality with several advantages...
February 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127767/marine-lenhart-syndrome-in-two-adolescents-including-one-with-thyroid-cancer-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Animesh Sharma
BACKGROUND: The coexistence of functional thyroid nodules and Graves' disease (GD) is a rare condition known as Marine-Lenhart syndrome. Thyroid cancer has been described in several adults, but never in children, with Marine-Lenhart syndrome. This paper discusses the challenges in diagnosis and the unique management of this condition in children, in the context of extant literature. CONTENT: In this case report, two adolescent female patients with Marine-Lenhart syndrome, aged 15 and 16 years, exhibited biochemical evidence of hyperthyroidism, and were found to have unilateral hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules via thyroid scintigraphy...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127248/utility-of-111-in-cl3-scintigraphy-for-differentiating-bone-marrow-reconversion
#18
Shoji Okuda, Hironori Nishibori, Hiroaki Hoshi
Indium chloride ((111)In-Cl3) scintigraphy has been used to evaluate various hematological diseases for many years. However, there have been few reports on patients with bone marrow reconversion showing high uptake in (111)In-Cl3 scintigraphy. Herein, we report a case of a 68-year-old man with esophageal cancer who underwent (18)F-FDG PET/CT for staging of the disease. (18)F-FDG PET/CT demonstrated high uptake in the first lumbar vertebral body, which was difficult to distinguish bone metastasis and bone marrow reconversion...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125999/preclinical-evaluation-of-heat-denatured-18-f-fdg-labeled-red-blood-cells-for-detecting-splenic-tissues-with-pet-in-rats
#19
Yohji Matsusaka, Tadaki Nakahara, Kazuhiro Takahashi, Yu Iwabuchi, Yuji Ogata, Chiyoko Nishime, Mayumi Kajimura, Masahiro Jinzaki
INTRODUCTION: Heat-denatured (99m)Tc-labeled red blood cells (RBCs) are used for detecting splenic tissues with scintigraphy. The present study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using heat-denatured [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose ([(18)F]FDG)-labeled RBCs in detecting splenic tissues using positron emission tomography (PET) in rats. METHODS: RBCs were washed with phosphate buffered saline, labeled with [(18)F]FDG at 38°C, and heat-denatured at 50°C for 15 min. In vitro stability was assessed by measuring extracellular radioactivity during the 0-180 min incubation at 37°C...
September 18, 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123415/impact-of-hypertrophic-pulmonary-osteoarthropathy-on-patients-with-lung-cancer
#20
Yu-Hung Fang, Chien-Chin Hsu, Meng-Jer Hsieh, Ming-Szu Hung, Ying-Huang Tsai, Yu-Ching Lin
Purpose: Hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy (HPOA) is a rare disease that most commonly occurs secondary to lung cancer. However, the clinical significance of HPOA remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of HPOA on patients with lung cancer in Taiwan. Patients and methods: Data regarding lung cancer patients who demonstrated findings of HPOA on bone scintigraphy between 2010 and 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Pathological confirmation of cases was conducted at Chiayi and Kaohsiung Chang Gang Memorial Hospital...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
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