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Rehabilitation psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318387/a-qualitative-study-of-the-challenges-of-providing-pre-prosthetic-rehabilitation-in-rural-south-africa
#1
Liezel Ennion, Anton Johannesson Johannesson
BACKGROUND: There is a known shortage of rehabilitation staff in rural settings and a sharp increase in the number of lower limb amputations being performed. A lack of adequate pre-prosthetic rehabilitation will result in worse physical and psychological outcomes for a person with a lower limb amputation, and they will not be eligible to be fitted with a prosthesis. OBJECTIVE: To explore therapists' experiences with providing pre-prosthetic rehabilitation in a rural setting...
March 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302377/stair-negotiation-as-a-rehabilitation-intervention-for-enhancing-recovery-following-total-hip-and-knee-replacement-surgery
#2
REVIEW
James P Gavin, Tikki Immins, Thomas Wainwright
BACKGROUND: Total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) are common orthopaedic procedures. However, an optimal programme for post-operative rehabilitation has yet to be established. Stair negotiation is a challenging, habitual task, regularly used as a post-operative functional outcome measure; yet as a physical rehabilitation intervention it appears to be rarely used. AIM: The review purpose was to investigate the effectiveness of stair climbing as a rehabilitation intervention for THR and TKR patients...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301864/functional-recovery-in-patients-with-and-without-intensive-care-unit-acquired-weakness
#3
Daniela Susanne Dettling-Ihnenfeldt, Luuk Wieske, Janneke Horn, Frans Nollet, Marike van der Schaaf
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to compare the patient-reported functional health status with regard to physical, psychological, and social functioning of intensive care unit (ICU) survivors with and without ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW). DESIGN: Single-center prospective study in ICU patients who were mechanically ventilated for more than 2 days and who survived to ICU discharge. Functional health status was assessed at 3, 6, and 12 months after ICU discharge, using the Sickness Impact Profile 68 (SIP68)...
April 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299623/unique-contributions-of-acceptance-and-catastrophizing-on-chronic-pain-adaptation
#4
Julia R Craner, Jeannie A Sperry, Afton M Koball, Eleshia J Morrison, Wesley P Gilliam
PURPOSE: Pain catastrophizing and acceptance represent distinct but interrelated constructs that influence adaptation to chronic pain. Clinical and laboratory research suggest that higher levels of catastrophizing and lower levels of acceptance predict worse functioning; however, findings have been mixed regarding which specific outcomes are associated with each construct. The current study evaluates these constructs in relation to pain, affect, and functioning in a treatment-seeking clinical sample...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299152/ebola-viral-disease-in-west-africa-a-threat-to-global-health-economy-and-political-stability
#5
Semeeh Akinwale Omoleke, Ibrahim Mohammed, Yauba Saidu
The West African sub-continent is currently experiencing its first, and ironically, the largest and longest Ebola viral diseases (EVD) outbreak ever documented in modern medical history. The current outbreak is significant in several ways, including longevity, magnitude of morbidity and mortality, occurrence outside the traditional niches, rapid spread and potential of becoming a global health tragedy. The authors provided explicit insights into the current and historical background, drivers of the epidemic, societal impacts, status of vaccines and drugs development and proffered recommendations to halt and prevent future occurrences...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296510/multidisciplinary-outpatient-treatment-in-patients-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomised-controlled-intervention-study
#6
Eirik Vikane, Torgeir Hellstrøm, Cecilie Røe, Erik Bautz-Holter, Jörg Aßmus, Jan Sture Skouen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a multidisciplinary outpatient follow-up programme compared to follow-up by a general practitioner for patients being at-risk or sick-listed with persistent post-concussion symptoms two months after a mild traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. PATIENTS: One hundred fifty-one patients, 16-56 years. METHODS: Multidisciplinary outpatient rehabilitation with individual contacts and a psycho-educational group intervention at two outpatient rehabilitation clinics compared to follow-up by a general practitioner after the multidisciplinary examination...
March 15, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293978/piloting-an-email-based-resource-package-for-job-seekers-with-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Diana Dorstyn, Rachel Roberts, Gregory Murphy, Ian Kneebone, Christine Migliorini, Ashley Craig, Claire Hutchinson, Deborah Field
PURPOSE: Media-based rehabilitation provides a powerful opportunity to examine vocational behaviors in the disability sector. However, this research is preliminary at best. This paper reports pilot data. METHOD: Eighteen adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) accessed an email-delivered, resource-based package, Work and MS. Pre- and post-access vocational self-efficacy and identity (Job-Procurement Self Efficacy Scale, My Vocational Situation Scale- primary outcomes), life orientation and depressed mood (Life Orientation Test - revised and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 - secondary outcomes) were assessed...
May 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291956/physical-activity-motivation-and-benefits-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Kimberly S Fasczewski, Diane L Gill, Sara M Rothberger
PURPOSE: Multiple sclerosis is a degenerative neurological disease that affects 2.1 million people worldwide. There is no cure, but an expanding body of research supports the positive impact of physical activity and suggests physical activity has benefits for the individual's psychological and physical well-being. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using Self-Determination Theory as a framework, mixed methods with a focus on qualitative interviews were used to explore physical activity motivation and benefits with a sample of highly active people with multiple sclerosis (n = 15)...
March 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291952/modeling-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases-the-role-of-pain-catastrophizing-fear-avoidance-beliefs-physical-disability-and-depression
#9
Eun-Jung Shim, Bong-Jin Hahm, Dong Jin Go, Kwang-Min Lee, Hae Lim Noh, Seung-Hee Park, Yeong Wook Song
PURPOSE: To examine factors in the fear-avoidance model, such as pain, pain catastrophizing, fear-avoidance beliefs, physical disability, and depression and their relationships with physical and psychological quality of life in patients with rheumatic diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data were obtained from 360 patients with rheumatic diseases who completed self-report measures assessing study variables. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the hypothesized relationships among factors specified in the fear-avoidance model predicting physical and psychological quality of life...
March 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290935/screening-for-anger-and-sleep-difficulties
#10
Nicole M Steele, Gerard J Fogarty
INTRODUCTION: Mental health screens are designed to detect individuals at risk of psychological disorders. In the military setting of this study, these disorders were post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use. This study extends the literature on deployment-related mental health screening by including measures of sleep difficulties and anger as predictors of postdeployment PTSD and alcohol abuse. Evidence that measures of anger and sleep difficulties contribute incremental validity to the prediction of postdeployment mental health problems, including substance abuse, would be helpful in designing interventions to assist the rehabilitation of returning personnel...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289547/development-and-refinement-of-a-complex-intervention-within-cardiac-rehabilitation-services-experiences-from-the-cadence-feasibility-study
#11
Rachel Winder, Suzanne H Richards, John L Campbell, David A Richards, Chris Dickens, Manish Gandhi, Christine Wright, Katrina Turner
BACKGROUND: Patients who experience a cardiac event are at higher risk of developing depression than the general population. Despite this, cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes do not provide a systematic approach to psychological care for depression. The CADENCE study aimed to develop and pilot an enhanced psychological care (EPC) intervention consisting of behavioural activation (BA) and mental health care coordination. Following original research commissioning guidance, the intervention was planned to be embedded in routine care and delivered by CR nurses to patients with depression attending CR...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288530/trajectories-of-health-related-quality-of-life-after-stroke-results-from-a-one-year-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Maria van Mierlo, Caroline van Heugten, Marcel W M Post, Trynke Hoekstra, Anne Visser-Meily
PURPOSE: To identify trajectories of physical and psychosocial health-related quality of life (HRQoL) from two months to one-year post stroke and to determine the factors that are associated with trajectory membership. METHOD: Multicenter prospective cohort study in which 351 stroke patients were followed up at 2, 6, and 12 months post stroke. Latent class growth mixture modeling was used to determine trajectories of physical and psychosocial HRQoL. Multinomial regression analyses were performed to predict trajectory membership...
March 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288522/job-satisfaction-of-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-the-role-of-basic-psychological-need-fulfillment-and-workplace-participation
#13
Alma Akkerman, Sabina Kef, Herman P Meininger
PURPOSE: Knowledge on what contributes to job satisfaction of people with intellectual disabilities is limited. Using self-determination theory, we investigated whether fulfillment of basic psychological needs (i.e., autonomy, relatedness, competence) affected job satisfaction, and explored associations between workplace participation, need fulfillment and job satisfaction. METHOD: A total of 117 persons with intellectual disabilities, recruited from a Dutch care organization, were interviewed on need fulfillment at work and job satisfaction...
March 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285245/a-disconnection-between-nutritional-status-in-terms-of-body-mass-index-and-phase-angle-and-psychopathology-in-anorexia-nervosa
#14
Fortunato Federico, Demartini Benedetta, Maffoni Claudia, Apicella Emanuela, Leonardi Valentina, Mendolicchio Leonardo
The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between nutritional status (body mass index and phase angle) and psychological symptoms at admission and discharge in a residential population of anorexic patients. We also aimed to determine the evolution of the above psychological symptoms and nutrition rehabilitation from admission to discharge. Thirty-six consecutive patients were included. The evaluation was performed using the following measures at admission and discharge: body mass index, phase angle, Eating Disorders Inventory-3, Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 and Body Uneasiness...
February 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279267/astronaut-adherence-to-exercise-based-reconditioning-psychological-considerations-and-future-directions
#15
Carly D McKay, Martyn Standage
INTRODUCTION: Exercise-based reconditioning is essential for mitigating the negative physiological and functional effects of spaceflight. Astronaut adherence to prescribed reconditioning programmes is imperative, but there has been limited research in this area. PURPOSE: This commentary discusses adherence predictors in analogous terrestrial populations (sport, clinical rehabilitation, general exercise) that may translate to spaceflight environments. IMPLICATIONS: Reconditioning programmes should foster intrinsic motivation, realistic outcome expectancies, self-regulation skills, and strong therapeutic alliances to promote ongoing exercise adherence...
January 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277966/movement-based-priming-clinical-applications-and-neural-mechanisms
#16
Mary Ellen Stoykov, Daniel Montie Corcos, Sangeetha Madhavan
Priming can be described as behavior change generated by preceding stimuli. Although various types of priming have been long studied in the field of psychology, priming that targets motor cortex is a relatively new topic of research in the fields of motor control and rehabilitation. In reference to a rehabilitation intervention, priming is categorized as a restorative approach. There are a myriad of possible priming approaches including noninvasive brain stimulation, motor imagery, and sensory-based priming, to name a few...
January 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277482/the-role-of-prosthesis-spacer-for-ocular-prostheses
#17
Luiza Alencar De Andrade Figueiredo, Aline Araújo Sampaio, Samilly Evangelista Souza, Fernando José Rigolin Ferreira, Edmur Pereira Buzzá, Celia Marisa Rizzatti-Barbosa
Eye defects can lead to emotional, psychological, and social changes, impacting negatively the quality of life of the patient. When these structures cannot be satisfactorily repaired by reconstructive surgery, the prosthetic rehabilitation is the better treatment option to restore lost ocular anatomy and promote the social integration of the individual. The aim of this clinical report is to report and discuss a case of ocular prosthesis confection eviscerated patient with opening limitation eyelid and shortening of the distance between palpebral commissure, to obtain a more natural and comfortable to the patient ocular rehabilitation...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274064/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-completely-blind-subject-with-bilateral-customised-ocular-prosthesis-a-case-report
#18
Chetan Pathak, Salil Pawah, Gurpreet Singh, Ila Yadav, Shrey Kundra
The special sensory organs play significant role in our daily lives. Until one of them is totally or partially lost, its real value is not fully appreciated. The most tragic, yet common loss of sensory organ is that of an eye. Restoration of unilateral ocular defects is very challenging for a maxillofacial prosthodontist and requires great skill to mimic bilateral eye. Restoration of bilateral defects using customized eye prosthesis presents even more difficult task for clinician especially in communication with patient, impression procedures, and patient education regarding insertion, removal and maintenance of prosthesis...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273318/functional-outcomes-of-the-low-vision-depression-prevention-trial-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#19
Ashley D Deemer, Robert W Massof, Barry W Rovner, Robin J Casten, Catherine V Piersol
Purpose: To compare the efficacy of behavioral activation (BA) plus low vision rehabilitation with an occupational therapist (OT-LVR) with supportive therapy (ST) on visual function in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: Single-masked, attention-controlled, randomized clinical trial with AMD patients with subsyndromal depressive symptoms (n = 188). All subjects had two outpatient low vision rehabilitation optometry visits, then were randomized to in-home BA + OT-LVR or ST...
March 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271725/meaning-and-components-of-quality-of-life-among-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-yogyakarta-province-indonesia
#20
Astri Ferdiana, Marcel W M Post, Nigel King, Ute Bültmann, Jac J L van der Klink
PURPOSE: Knowledge on the meaning of quality of life in individuals with spinal cord injury in developing countries is limited. This study aims to explore the meaning and components of quality of life for individuals with spinal cord injury in a rural area in Indonesia. METHOD: Data were obtained through semi-structured interviews with 12 individuals with paraplegia (8 males, 4 females) aged 24-67 years. Thematic analysis was used to identify themes that constitute meaning and components of quality of life...
March 8, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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