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Rehabilitation psychology

Mariana Angélica Peixoto de Souza, Jane Fonseca Dias, Fabiane Ribeiro Ferreira, Marisa Cotta Mancini, Renata Noce Kirkwood, Rosana Ferreira Sampaio
The cross sectional study aims to create the patients' profile and understand their demands for seeking public rehabilitation services from Belo Horizonte. Data were analyzed from 516 patients who gained entry into the health care system by means of the Protocol for Identification of Problems for Rehabilitation (PLPR). It allows for gathering information related to one's health and the social context, including a brief functional description (BFD) with 25 items. Most patients were females, mean age of 57 years, and 54% declared to be responsible for the family income...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Yu-Lung Chiu, Senyeong Kao, Shao-Wen Tou, Fu-Gong Lin
PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of various types of bullying victimization among adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and examine the effects of victimization on the mental health of adolescents with ASD. METHODS: The sample was collected from the Special Needs Education Longitudinal Study (SNELS) database released in 2011. Variables comprising seven psychological distress (PD) items and four types of bullying victimization and family-, school-, and peer-related factors were included in a multivariate regression analysis...
October 26, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Mary P Galea, Roman Gonzenbach, Jürg Kesselring
The prevalence of disability due to neurological conditions is escalating worldwide. Neurological disorders have significant disability-burden with long-term functional and psychosocial issues, requiring specialized rehabilitation services for comprehensive management, especially treatments tapping into brain recovery 'neuroplastic' processes. Neurorehabilitation is interdisciplinary and cross-sectorial, requiring coordinated effort of diverse sectors, professions, patients and community to manage complex condition-related disability...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Neurology
Preeti Raghavan, Daniel Geller, Nina Guerrero, Viswanath Aluru, Joseph P Eimicke, Jeanne A Teresi, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Anna Palumbo, Alan Turry
: Stroke is a leading cause of disability worldwide. It leads to a sudden and overwhelming disruption in one's physical body, and alters the stroke survivors' sense of self. Long-term recovery requires that bodily perception, social participation and sense of self are restored; this is challenging to achieve, particularly with a single intervention. However, rhythmic synchronization of movement to external stimuli facilitates sensorimotor coupling for movement recovery, enhances emotional engagement and has positive effects on interpersonal relationships...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Jean-Christophe Chauvet-Gelinier, Bernard Bonin
Cardiovascular events and emotional disorders share a common epidemiology, thus suggesting fundamental pathways linking these different diseases. Growing evidence in the literature highlights the influence of psychological determinants in somatic diseases. A patient's socio-economic aspects, personality traits, health behavior and even biological pathways may contribute to the course of cardiovascular disease. Cardiac events often occur suddenly and the episode can be traumatic for people not prepared for such an event...
October 19, 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Ben Schram, Wayne Hing, Mike Climstein
BACKGROUND: Stand up paddle boarding (SUP) is a rapidly growing sport and recreational activity where anecdotal evidence exists for its proposed health, fitness and injury rehabilitation benefits. While limited scientific evidence exists to substantiate these claims, previous studies have shown that high levels of fitness, strength and balance exists amongst participants of this sport. The purpose of this study was to conduct a training intervention on a group of previously untrained individuals to ascertain the potential of SUP on various health parameters...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Sharad Gupta, Akshay Bhargava, Praful Mehra
Rehabilitation of mandibular resection poses functional, esthetic, and psychological challenges. The deviation and rotation of the mandible toward the resected side leaves the patient with almost no option of chewing. This is aggravated if the patient is edentulous. The case report discussed in this article was an edentulous patient taken up with the primary goal to limit deviation toward resected side and provide a stable and retentive prosthesis to the patient. Two implants were placed anteriorly, splinted with bar and clip supported superstructure...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Emily F Law, Jessica L Fales, Sarah E Beals-Erickson, Alessandro Failo, Deirdre Logan, Edin Randall, Karen Weiss, Lindsay Durkin, Tonya M Palermo
OBJECTIVE : To adapt problem-solving skills training (PSST) for parents of children receiving intensive pain rehabilitation and evaluate treatment feasibility, acceptability, and satisfaction. METHODS : Using a prospective single-arm case series design, we evaluated the feasibility of delivering PSST to 26 parents (84.6% female) from one of three pediatric pain rehabilitation programs. Parents completed four to six sessions of PSST delivered during a 2-4-week period. A mixed-methods approach was used to assess treatment acceptability and satisfaction...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Wanjie Tang, Jingdong Zhao, Yi Lu, Tingting Yan, Lijuan Wang, Jun Zhang, Jiuping Xu
OBJECTIVE: Millions of children were exposed to major earthquake in China, with serious psychological and developmental consequences. To obtain accurate rate of post-disaster related disorder and identify predictors may help inform post-disaster rescue and rehabilitation efforts. The present longitudinal study explored correlations of demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of juvenile survivors of the Ya'an and Wenchuan earthquakes in China with their trajectories of post-disaster related disorder...
September 13, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Hui-Chuan Huang, Chien-Hung Chang, Chaur-Jong Hu, Meei-Ling Shyu, Chin-I Chen, Chih-Shan Huang, Hsiu-Ting Tsai, Hsiu-Ju Chang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the temporal effects of psychological distress on the functional recovery among stroke survivors. DESIGN: A longitudinal follow-up study. All participants were interviewed at 5 days after stroke onset, and at 1, 2, 3, and 6 months after discharge from acute care hospitals. SETTING: Neurology inpatient and outpatient departments and rehabilitation clinics. PARTICIPANTS: First-time stroke participants (N=62) without cognitive impairment, psychiatric disorders, or cancer were recruited...
October 12, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Amber K Brooks, Mercy A Udoji
Chronic pain in older patients is often treated with pain medications, physical rehabilitation, interventional pain management, and/or psychological interventions. The administration of pain medications is the most common form of chronic pain treatment. Physiologic changes in older adults make them more susceptible to the potential side effects of oral pain medications, especially opioids. Interventional pain management offers an alternative treatment option. This article reviews some of the interventional techniques used to treat the most common sites of pain in older adults: back, knee, and hip...
November 2016: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
Mariarosa Rottoli, Sara La Gioia, Barbara Frigeni, Valeria Barcella
Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms associated with multiple sclerosis, affecting almost 80% of patients with 55% of them reporting it as one of the worst symptoms experienced, often independently of the level of disability. Areas covered: We review the main pathophysiological hypothesis, fatigue assessment scales, and its management. Expert commentary: Fatigue pathophysiology is complex and is often influenced by other secondary but relevant factors (e.g. psychological disturbances, musculoskeletal problems, sleep disorders and medication side effects) which may vary over time...
October 11, 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
S Roch, P Hampel
Bei chronischen, nicht spezifischen Rückenschmerzen haben psychische Komorbiditäten deutlich zugenommen, sodass im Rahmen einer multimodalen Behandlung zunehmend auch psychotherapeutische Behandlungsansätze implementiert werden. Ziel dieses Reviews war es, die aktuelle Forschung zu psychologischen Aspekten bei der Behandlung von chronischen Rückenschmerzen zu thematisieren. Dazu wurde eine selektive Literaturrecherche durchgeführt, um Studien aus Deutschland zu identifizieren, die in den letzten 5 Jahren veröffentlicht wurden...
October 2016: Die Rehabilitation
C Reese, F Petrak, O Mittag
Purpose: The goal of the project was to develop evidence- and consensus-based practice guidelines for psychological interventions in the rehabilitation of patients with type 2 diabetes. Method: The practice guidelines were developed in several steps including a literature search, surveys of clinicians (psychologists and head physicians from rehabilitation centres) and an expert workshop. National experts from scientific departments, rehabilitation centres and patients were engaged in the development of the practice guidelines...
October 2016: Die Rehabilitation
C Schmidt
Background: The role of psychological comorbidities as a risk factor associated with a further chronification in low back pain is evident. In this paper we explore, whether psychological comorbidities recorded in the discharge letters have a time-stable and from other risk factors independent impact on a pension for reduced earning capacity. Methods: A sample of 10% is drawn from a routine data set provided by the German Pension Fund. Several risk factors are defined and presented descriptively. The survival analysis will be accomplished by cox regressions...
October 2016: Die Rehabilitation
J Dannenmaier, S Jankowiak, R Kaluscha, G Müller, G Krischak
Objective: Effects of a combined orthopedic and psychosomatic rehabilitation (VOP) concept are evaluated in contrast to psychosomatic and orthopedic rehabilitation. Therefore both mental and physical health of rehabilitants are compared. Methods: A prospective case-control study was performed in order to gather psychic strain and bodily constitution. Covariance analysis was conducted to expose significant differences between groups. Results: An equal clinically relevant reduction of psychological distress could be achieved with psychosomatic rehabilitation (N=322) and VOP (N=511)...
October 2016: Die Rehabilitation
Caroline A Heaney, Claire L Rostron, Natalie C Walker, Alison J K Green
OBJECTIVES: The use of sport psychology strategies during sport injury rehabilitation can lead to several positive outcomes such as improved adherence and self-efficacy. The purpose of this study was to compare the sport psychology related attitudes and behaviours of UK sport injury rehabilitation professionals (SIRPs) who had studied the psychological aspects of sport injury to those who had not. PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: Ninety-four SIRPs (54 physiotherapists and 40 sports therapists with a mean of 9...
August 12, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Maria Bäck, Åsa Cider, Johan Herlitz, Mari Lundberg, Bengt Jansson
PURPOSE: To identify predictors of attendance at exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and to test the hypothesis that kinesiophobia mediates the influence on attendance at CR in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). PATIENTS: In total, 332 patients (75 women; mean age 65 ± 9.1 years) with a diagnosis of CAD were recruited at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden. METHODS: The patients were tested in terms of objective measurements, self-rated psychological measurements, and level of physical activity...
October 11, 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
T R J Nicholson, V Voon
Functional neurologic disorder (FND), also known as conversion disorder, is common and often associated with a poor prognosis. It has been relatively neglected by research and as such there is a conspicuous lack of evidence-based treatments. Physical and psychologic therapies are the main treatment modalities, over and above reassurance and sensitive explanation of the diagnosis. However there are two other historic treatments that have seen a recent resurgence of interest and use. The first is electric stimulation, which was initially pioneered with direct stimulation of nerves but now used indirectly (and therefore noninvasively) in the form of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Q Deeley
Suggestion in hypnosis has been applied to the treatment of functional neurologic symptoms since the earliest descriptions of hypnosis in the 19th century. Suggestion in this sense refers to an intentional communication of beliefs or ideas, whether verbally or nonverbally, to produce subjectively convincing changes in experience and behavior. The recognition of suggestion as a psychologic process with therapeutic applications was closely linked to the derivation of hypnosis from earlier healing practices. Animal magnetism, the immediate precursor of hypnosis, arrived at a psychologic concept of suggestion along with other ideas and practices which were then incorporated into hypnosis...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
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