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Rehabilitation psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545344/identification-of-the-components-associated-with-functioning-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-comprehensive-core-set-for-stroke-in-indian-stroke-survivors
#1
Shankar Ganesh, Sidhanjana Mohapatra, Patitapaban Mohanty, Monalisa Pattnaik, Chittaranjan Mishra
OBJECTIVES: Rehabilitation interventions are expected to ensure best possible recovery and minimize functional disability in stroke survivors. However, not many studies have investigated patterns of recovery and outcomes after stroke in low-income countries. The objective of this study is to identify the biological, psychological, and social components associated with functioning over time in Indian stroke patients using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)-based tools and the Functional Independence Measure (FIM)...
May 25, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544780/spinal-metastatic-disease-a-review-of-the-role-of-the-multidisciplinary-team
#2
REVIEW
Mark Curtin, Robert P Piggott, Evelyn P Murphy, Sudarshan Munigangaiah, Joseph F Baker, John P McCabe, Aiden Devitt
Historically, a simple approach centered on palliation was applicable to the majority of patients with metastatic spinal disease. With advances in diagnosis and treatment, a more complicated algorithm has devolved requiring a multidisciplinary approach with institutional commitment and support. We performed a database review including pertinent articles exploring the multidisciplinary management of spinal metastatic disease. The wide variation in clinical presentation and tumor response to treatment necessitates a multidisciplinary approach that integrates the diagnosis and treatment of the cancer, symptom management, and rehabilitation for optimal care of patients with spinal metastases...
May 24, 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544132/-can-not-talk-about-it-urinary-incontinence-from-the-point-of-view-of-stroke-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#3
Myrta Kohler, Hanna Mayer, Jürg Kesselring, Susi Saxer
PURPOSE: The current study intends to gain an in-depth understanding of stroke survivors' lived experience of urinary incontinence and its treatment in an inpatient rehabilitation clinic. METHODS: A qualitative approach was chosen. Semi-structured individual interviews with ten stroke survivors suffering from urinary incontinence were conducted in an inpatient rehabilitation clinic and analysed using qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. RESULTS: '(Can) not talk about it' was identified as the first main category...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543320/processes-in-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-and-the-rehabilitation-of-chronic-fatigue
#4
Henrik Børsting Jacobsen, Håvard Kallestad, Nils Inge Landrø, Petter C Borchgrevink, Tore C Stiles
Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) has never been tested for patients with chronic fatigue. We aimed to test if a 3.5-week ACT rehabilitation program for patients with chronic fatigue improved quality of life (QoL), fatigue, and psychological flexibility. Further, to test if improvements in QoL and fatigue were associated with improvement in psychological flexibility, and if psychological flexibility explained variance above and beyond maladaptive cognitions typically targeted in CBT for fatigue. Patients (n = 140) who had been on sick leave > 8 weeks due to chronic fatigue received a 3...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542281/gait-asymmetry-ankle-spasticity-and-depression-as-independent-predictors-of-falls-in-ambulatory-stroke-patients
#5
Ta-Sen Wei, Peng-Ta Liu, Liang-Wey Chang, Sen-Yung Liu
BACKGROUND: Falls are the leading cause of injury in stroke patients. However, the cause of a fall is complicated, and several types of risk factors are involved. Therefore, a comprehensive model to predict falls with high sensitivity and specificity is needed. METHODS: This study was a prospective study of 112 inpatients in a rehabilitation ward with follow-up interviews in patients' homes. Evaluations were performed 1 month after stroke and included the following factors: (1) status of cognition, depression, fear of fall and limb spasticity; (2) functional assessments [walking velocity and the Functional Independence Measure (FIM)]; and (3) objective, computerized gait and balance analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540125/project-heaven-preoperative-training-in-virtual-reality
#6
Kiratipath Iamsakul, Alexander V Pavlovcik, Jesus I Calderon, Lance M Sanderson
A cephalosomatic anastomosis (CSA; also called HEAVEN: head anastomosis venture) has been proposed as an option for patients with neurological impairments, such as spinal cord injury (SCI), and terminal medical illnesses, for which medicine is currently powerless. Protocols to prepare a patient for life after CSA do not currently exist. However, methods used in conventional neurorehabilitation can be used as a reference for developing preparatory training. Studies on virtual reality (VR) technologies have documented VR's ability to enhance rehabilitation and improve the quality of recovery in patients with neurological disabilities...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539092/work-remains-meaningful-despite-time-out-of-the-workplace-and-chronic-pain
#7
Sara Saunders, Bernadette Nedelec, Ellen MacEachen
PURPOSE: Although work has been found to be meaningful and a source of motivation to return to work in certain disabled populations, it was unclear if this was also true for people experiencing a long period of unemployment and job loss due to a musculoskeletal injury. Therefore, the aim of this phenomenological study was to explore the meaning of work for those with chronic work disability due to a musculoskeletal injury. METHOD: The data from 27 interviews, conducted with 9 participants, was analyzed using the Empirical Phenomenological Psychological method...
May 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536062/a-systematic-review-of-gamification-in-e-health
#8
REVIEW
Lamyae Sardi, Ali Idri, José Luis Fernández-Alemán
Gamification is a relatively new trend that focuses on applying game mechanics to non-game contexts in order to engage audiences and to inject a little fun into mundane activities besides generating motivational and cognitive benefits. While many fields such as Business, Marketing and e-Learning have taken advantage of the potential of gamification, the digital healthcare domain has also started to exploit this emerging trend. This paper aims to summarize the current knowledge regarding gamified e-Health applications...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529479/in-patients-undergoing-cochlear-implantation-psychological-burden-affects-tinnitus-and-the-overall-outcome-of-auditory-rehabilitation
#9
Petra Brüggemann, Agnieszka J Szczepek, Katharina Klee, Stefan Gräbel, Birgit Mazurek, Heidi Olze
Cochlear implantation (CI) is increasingly being used in the auditory rehabilitation of deaf patients. Here, we investigated whether the auditory rehabilitation can be influenced by the psychological burden caused by mental conditions. Our sample included 47 patients who underwent implantation. All patients were monitored before and 6 months after CI. Auditory performance was assessed using the Oldenburg Inventory (OI) and Freiburg monosyllable (FB MS) speech discrimination test. The health-related quality of life was measured with Nijmegen Cochlear implantation Questionnaire (NCIQ) whereas tinnitus-related distress was measured with the German version of Tinnitus Questionnaire (TQ)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516810/the-role-of-meaning-in-life-mediating-the-effects-of-perceived-knowledge-of-stroke-on-depression-and-life-satisfaction-among-stroke-survivors
#10
Esther Ow Chow
OBJECTIVE: Meaning-making is a way of coping when facing adverse events. A paucity of literature suggests other possible factors (e.g. delivery of knowledge) can influence how chronic illness survivors (i.e. stroke survivors in rehabilitation) cope with illness. This article explores the importance and significance of meaning in life as a mediator between perceived stroke knowledge and psychological wellbeing among stroke survivors and how such processes can be applied in practice to promote their psychological wellbeing...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513199/experience-of-exclusion-a-framework-analysis-of-socioeconomic-factors-affecting-cardiac-rehabilitation-participation-among-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#11
Maria Pedersen, Dorthe Overgaard, Ingelise Andersen, Marie Baastrup, Ingrid Egerod
BACKGROUND: The Danish public healthcare system provides comprehensive care based on the principle of equal access. However, it is well documented that patients with low socioeconomic position are less likely to participate in cardiac rehabilitation. More knowledge is needed to understand this phenomenon. The aim of the study was to explore the patient experience of barriers to completion of phase II cardiac rehabilitation, and to investigate the impact of socioeconomic factors on completion of cardiac rehabilitation...
May 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511525/rehabilitation-of-a-patient-with-facial-and-palatal-defect-a-case-report
#12
Litty Francis
Defects involving the face and maxilla present a challenge to the prosthodontists as these have a direct effect on aesthetics, function as well as the psychology of the patient. An array of problems awaits the clinician from restoring the previous contour of the oral cavity, facial form, etc. to the mental state of the patients. This article deals with the rehabilitation of a hemimaxillectomy patient with a facial defect, using an interim hollow bulb obturator and a silicone facial prosthesis, which helped to improve the general well being of the patient...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511417/effectiveness-of-a-four-week-diet-regimen-exercise-and-psychological-intervention-for-weight-loss
#13
Tobias Weinreich, Hans-Peter Filz, Ursula Gresser, Barbara M Richartz
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is accompanied by restriction in the quality of life and an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular, orthopedic, and metabolic disorders are among the possible consequences. In the management of obesity, a combination therapy that includes dietary, exercise, and behaviour modules has proven its worth. AIM: To evaluate the effect of weight-associated parameters, circulation associated parameters, glucose metabolism, body composition and life quality changes within a four-week inpatient rehabilitation program...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511241/-short-and-mid-term-effectiveness-of-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-comorbid-depressive-symptoms-among-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#14
Svenja Roch, Petra Hampel
Background Because of high rates of comorbid mental disorders among patients with chronic low back pain, an intervention for pain competence and depression prevention for multidisciplinary inpatient rehabilitation was newly developed and evaluated concerning depressive symptoms, anxiety and pain related parameters. Methods Per protocol regression analyses with data of n=723 patients were conducted to evaluate the intervention. Intraindividual changes were quantified by Cohen's d based on repeated measures analyses of variance...
May 16, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506481/peri-and-intraoperative-cognitive-and-language-assessment-for-surgical-resection-in-brain-eloquent-structures
#15
G Herbet, O Rigaux-Viodé, S Moritz-Gasser
Neuropsychological care of patients suffering from an infiltrative glioma and candidates for a neurosurgery under awake condition with intraoperative functional mapping is a critical and mandatory stage in therapeutic management. It enables to estimate the functional impact of the tumor and, consequently, the efficacy of functional reorganization typically observed in these patients, not only to better predict surgery outcomes and select appropriate tasks for intraoperative functional mapping, but also to plan efficient and individualized postoperative cognitive rehabilitation strategies...
May 12, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503954/experiences-of-employment-among-young-people-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-qualitative-study
#16
Helen Hanson, Ruth I Hart, Ben Thompson, Janet E McDonagh, Rachel Tattersall, Alison Jordan, Helen E Foster
PURPOSE: This study explored expectations and experiences of employment among young people with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and the role of health professionals in promoting positive employment outcomes. METHODS: Semistructured interviews (n = 13) and three focus groups (n = 9, n = 4, n = 3) were conducted with young people (16-25 y) and adults (26-31 y) with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and semistructured interviews (n = 9) were conducted with health professionals...
May 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499004/rehabilitation-research-at-the-national-institutes-of-health-moving-the-field-forward-executive-summary
#17
Walter R Frontera, Jonathan F Bean, Diane Damiano, Linda Ehrlich-Jones, Melanie Fried-Oken, Alan Jette, Ranu Jung, Rick L Lieber, James F Malec, Michael J Mueller, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Keith E Tansey, Aiko Thompson
Approximately 53 million Americans live with a disability. For decades, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been conducting and supporting research to discover new ways to minimize disability and enhance the quality of life of people with disabilities. After the passage of the American With Disabilities Act, the NIH established the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research with the goal of developing and implementing a rehabilitation research agenda. Currently, a total of 17 institutes and centers at NIH invest more than $500 million per year in rehabilitation research...
April 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499003/national-institutes-of-health-research-plan-on-rehabilitation-nih-medical-rehabilitation-coordinating-committee
#18
Ann O'Mara, Julia H Rowland, Thomas N Greenwell, Cheri L Wiggs, Jerome Fleg, Lyndon Joseph, Joan McGowan, James S Panagis, Charles Washabaugh, Grace C Y Peng, Rosalina Bray, Alison N Cernich, Theresa H Cruz, Sue Marden, Mary Ellen Michel, Ralph Nitkin, Louis Quatrano, Catherine Y Spong, Lana Shekim, Teresa L Z Jones, Denise Juliano-Bult, David M Panchinson, Daofen Chen, Lyn Jakeman, Ann Knebel, Lois A Tully, Leighton Chan, Diane Damiano, Biao Tian, Pamela McInnes, Partap Khalsa, Eve Reider, David Shurtleff, William Elwood, Rachel Ballard, Abby G Ershow, Lisa Begg
One in five Americans experiences disability that affects their daily function because of impairments in mobility, cognitive function, sensory impairment, or communication impairment. The need for rehabilitation strategies to optimize function and reduce disability is a clear priority for research to address this public health challenge. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently published a Research Plan on Rehabilitation that provides a set of priorities to guide the field over the next 5 years. The plan was developed with input from multiple Institutes and Centers within the NIH, the National Advisory Board for Medical Rehabilitation Research, and the public...
April 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498581/the-contemporary-refugee-crisis-an-overview-of-mental-health-challenges
#19
Derrick Silove, Peter Ventevogel, Susan Rees
There has been an unprecedented upsurge in the number of refugees worldwide, the majority being located in low-income countries with limited resources in mental health care. This paper considers contemporary issues in the refugee mental health field, including developments in research, conceptual models, social and psychological interventions, and policy. Prevalence data yielded by cross-sectional epidemiological studies do not allow a clear distinction to be made between situational forms of distress and frank mental disorder, a shortcoming that may be addressed by longitudinal studies...
June 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498541/current-data-about-the-benefit-of-prehabilitation-for-colorectal-cancer-patients-undergoing-surgery-are-not-sufficient-to-alter-the-nhs-cancer-waiting-targets
#20
Kai J Leong, M A S Chapman
Prehabilitation can be defined as a period whereby patients undertake physical and psychological assessments to determine their baseline functioning levels and any impairments identified so that targeted interventions can be carried out before surgery [1]. Prehabilitation is typically viewed as the beginning of the continuum of rehabilitation and occurs from the time of diagnosis to the point of receiving treatment for their cancer. The aim is to optimise patients' health, reduce the incidence and the severity of current and future impairments resulting from surgery and facilitate return of patients' function to the highest possible level...
May 12, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
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