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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056955/development-of-an-algorithm-for-determining-smoking-status-and-behaviour-over-the-life-course-from-uk-electronic-primary-care-records
#1
Mark D Atkinson, Jonathan I Kennedy, Ann John, Keir E Lewis, Ronan A Lyons, Sinead T Brophy
BACKGROUND: Patients' smoking status is routinely collected by General Practitioners (GP) in UK primary health care. There is an abundance of Read codes pertaining to smoking, including those relating to smoking cessation therapy, prescription, and administration codes, in addition to the more regularly employed smoking status codes. Large databases of primary care data are increasingly used for epidemiological analysis; smoking status is an important covariate in many such analyses. However, the variable definition is rarely documented in the literature...
January 5, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045649/cost-effectiveness-of-pemetrexed-in-combination-with-cisplatin-as-first-line-treatment-for-patients-with-advanced-non-squamous-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-spain
#2
Jonathan González García, Fernando Gutiérrez Nicolás, Gloria Julia Nazco Casariego, Cristina Valcárcel Nazco, Jose Norberto Batista López, Juana Oramas Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer is the third most frequent neoplastic tumour in Spain, with around 27 000 new cases diagnosed per year; 80-95% of these are non-small-cell cancer (NSCLC), and the majority of cases are diagnosed in advanced stages of the disease, and for this reason it is one of the oncologic conditions with higher mortality rates (21.4% mean survival at 5 years). The main treatment regimens used for first-line treatment of NSCLC are: cisplatin/pemetrexed (cis/pem), cisplatin/gemcitabine/ bevacizumab (cis/gem/bev), and carboplatin/paclitaxel/ bevacizumab (carb/pac/bev)...
January 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038503/hiking-strap-force-decreases-during-sustained-upwind-sailing
#3
R Buchardt, J Bay, J Bojsen-Møller, N B Nordsborg
The hypothesis, that sailing upwind in wind speeds above 12 knots causes fatigue, which manifests as a reduction in exerted hiking strap force and/or maximal isometric voluntary contraction force (MVC) of the knee extensors, was evaluated. Additionally, it was investigated if a relationship exists between maximal exerted hiking force (hMVC) and sailing performance. In part 1 of the study, 12 national level athletes sailed upwind for 2 × 10 min while hiking strap forces were continuously acquired. Before, in between and after sailing periods, the MVC of the knee extensors was measured...
December 30, 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038316/association-of-the-female-athlete-triad-risk-assessment-stratification-to-the-development-of-bone-stress-injuries-in-collegiate-athletes
#4
Adam S Tenforde, Jennifer L Carlson, Audrey Chang, Kristin L Sainani, Rebecca Shultz, Jae Hyung Kim, Phil Cutti, Neville H Golden, Michael Fredericson
BACKGROUND: The female athlete triad (referred to as the triad) contributes to adverse health outcomes, including bone stress injuries (BSIs), in female athletes. Guidelines were published in 2014 for clinical management of athletes affected by the triad. PURPOSE: This study aimed to (1) classify athletes from a collegiate population of 16 sports into low-, moderate-, and high-risk categories using the Female Athlete Triad Cumulative Risk Assessment score and (2) evaluate the predictive value of the risk categories for subsequent BSIs...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029011/clinical-pharmacogenetic-testing-and-application-laboratory-medicine-clinical-practice-guidelines
#5
Sollip Kim, Yeo Min Yun, Hyo Jin Chae, Hyun Jung Cho, Misuk Ji, In Suk Kim, Kyung A Wee, Woochang Lee, Sang Hoon Song, Hye In Woo, Soo Youn Lee, Sail Chun
Pharmacogenetic testing for clinical applications is steadily increasing. Correct and adequate use of pharmacogenetic tests is important to reduce unnecessary medical costs and adverse patient outcomes. This document contains recommended pharmacogenetic testing guidelines for clinical application, interpretation, and result reporting through a literature review and evidence-based expert opinions for the clinical pharmacogenetic testing covered by public medical insurance in Korea. This document aims to improve the utility of pharmacogenetic testing in routine clinical settings...
March 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005504/setting-sail-2017
#6
Herbert Y Kressel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986366/end-tidal-co2-relates-to-seasickness-susceptibility-a-study-in-antarctic-voyages
#7
Tatsuhisa Hasegawa, Hirofumi Oe, Masakatsu Taki, Hirofumi Sakaguchi, Shigeru Hirano, Yoshiro Wada
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between end-tidal CO2 (EtCO2) and seasickness (motion sickness at sea) during an Antarctic voyage. METHODS: In this study, we measured EtCO2 and severity of seasickness using the subjective symptoms of motion sickness (SSMS). We sampled EtCO2 and SSMS every 3-4h for 3 days from the date of sail in 16 healthy subjects. This experiment was performed on an icebreaker (standard displacement: 12,650t). RESULTS: Since 2 subjects dropped out because of severe motion sickness, available data were collected from 14 subjects...
December 13, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968847/bushenjianpi-formula-combined-with-entecavir-for-hbeag-negative-chronic-hepatitis-b-patients-a-multicentre-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#8
Yue-Qiu Gao, Xin Zhang, Man Li, Zhen-Hua Zhou, Xue-Hua Sun, Xiao-Jun Zhu, Shu-Gen Jin
BACKGROUND: The treatment combination of traditional Chinese medicine with western medicine results in significant decrease of serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA and increase of HBeAg loss in patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) without any serious adverse events. We aimed to assess whether the Bushenjianpi Formula combined with entecavir could increase the HBsAg loss rate in patients with HBeAg-negative CHB. METHODS: In this multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we recruited patients with HBeAg-negative CHB from ten third-level grade-A hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906379/vectorial-effect-of-hybrid-polarization-states-on-the-collapse-dynamics-of-a-structured-optical-field
#9
Rui-Pin Chen, Khian-Hooi Chew, Guoquan Zhou, Chao-Qing Dai, Sailing He
The collapse dynamics of a structured optical field with a distribution of spatially-variant states of polarization (SoP) and a spiral phase in the field cross section is studied using the two-dimensional coupled nonlinear Schrӧdinger equations. The self-focusing of a structured optical field with an inhomogeneous SoP distribution can give rise to new phenomena of collapse dynamics that is completely different from a scalar field. The collapse patterns are closely related to the topological charges of the vortexas well as the polarization, the initial power, and the SoP distribution in the field cross section...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906322/detection-of-gaseous-elemental-mercury-using-a-frequency-doubled-green-diode-laser
#10
Xiutao Lou, Tie Zhang, Hongze Lin, Shiyi Gao, Lianjie Xu, Junnan Wang, Li Wan, Sailing He
We demonstrate a second-harmonic-generation (SHG) based method for the detection of gaseous elemental mercury by using a newly available green diode laser. Multimode ultraviolet radiation at 253.7 nm is generated through a process of SHG. Correlation spectroscopy is introduced into the scheme to guarantee the measurement accuracy. The limit of detection achieved is 0.6 μg/m<sup>3</sup> (0.07 ppb) for 1-m pathlength and 10-s integration time. The measurement accuracy is estimated to be 1.2%. The linear response range is estimated to be 0~60 μg/m<sup>2</sup> (6...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892250/offshore-nurse
#11
(no author information available yet)
A former deep sea fisherman is setting sail for a new nursing role ensuring offshore oil and gas workers stay safe.
November 23, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885150/doctor-william-gunn-1804-1890-from-the-south-pacific-islands-to-chatham-royal-dockyard
#12
Richard Biddle
Doctor William Gunn had a long and varied career in the Royal Navy. After spending time on anti-slavery patrols along the west coast of Africa, he was posted to the south Pacific. At Pitcairn Island, he treated the inhabitants during an influenza epidemic, proving himself to be a determined and dedicated practitioner. Subsequently, he was appointed head of the medical department at Chatham Royal Dockyard (1859-1865), an appointment that coincided with the final stages of the Royal Navy's transition from sail and wood to steam and iron...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882279/research-on-the-water-entry-attitude-of-a-submersible-aircraft
#13
BaoWei Xu, YongLi Li, JinFu Feng, JunHua Hu, Duo Qi, Jian Yang
BACKGROUND: The water entry of a submersible aircraft, which is transient, highly coupled, and nonlinear, is complicated. After analyzing the mechanics of this process, the change rate of every variable is considered. A dynamic model is build and employed to study vehicle attitude and overturn phenomenon during water entry. Experiments are carried out and a method to organize experiment data is proposed. The accuracy of the method is confirmed by comparing the results of simulation of dynamic model and experiment under the same condition...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873540/stressbezogene-korrelate-von-angst-und-depression-bei-m%C3%A3-dchen-mit-chronischen-kopfschmerzen
#14
Simone Bung, Helmut Saile, Reinhold Laessle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861460/existential-well-being-spirituality-or-well-being
#15
Anja Visser, Bert Garssen, Ad Jjm Vingerhoets
Measures of spirituality often contain the dimension existential well-being (EWB). However, EWB has been found to overlap with emotional and psychological well-being. Using the Spiritual Attitude and Involvement List (SAIL), we have further investigated the overlap between aspects of spirituality and of well-being among patients with cancer, by determining a) the divergent validity of the subscales of the SAIL compared with a well-being questionnaire and b) the differences in their associations to changes in pain and fatigue, and the occurrence of negative life events...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860249/left-atrial-appendage-closure-initial-experience-with-the-ultraseal-device
#16
Ander Regueiro, Mathieu Bernier, Gilles O'Hara, Kim O'Connor, Jean-Michel Paradis, Jonathan Beaudoin, Tania Rodriguez-Gabella, Jean Champagne, Josep Rodés-Cabau
OBJECTIVES: We report the initial experience of percutaneous left atrial appendage (LAA) closure with the Ultraseal device. BACKGROUND: LAA closure is an alternative to oral anticoagulation for stroke prevention in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) and high risk of bleeding. The Ultraseal device is a new LAA closure prosthesis that consists of a distal soft bulb and a proximal sail attached by an articulating joint that allows a high degree of device conformability to the different variations of the LAA anatomy...
November 17, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836165/transcatheter-aortic-valve-in-valve-insertion-that-train-has-sailed
#17
EDITORIAL
Kevin L Greason
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828042/methane-detection-using-scattering-material-as-the-gas-cell
#18
Hongze Lin, Fei Gao, Yujian Ding, Chunsheng Yan, Sailing He
A compact methane (CH<sub>4</sub>) detection system is presented and developed by using an alumina ceramic scattering material as its gas cell. Due to the material's high scattering performance, the optical path length of the gas cell at 1653.7 nm can reach 15.96 cm although its physical length along the light transmission direction is only 0.50 cm. The wavelength modulation spectroscopy technique is employed to enhance the detection sensitivity, and the second harmonic gas absorption signal with low noise is detected and processed...
October 1, 2016: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823950/the-99th-percentile-values-of-six-cardiac-troponin-assays-established-for-a-reference-population-using-strict-selection-criteria
#19
Dae-Hyun Ko, Tae-Dong Jeong, Eun-Jung Cho, Jinsook Lim, Misuk Ji, Kyunghoon Lee, Woochang Lee, Yeo-Min Yun, Sail Chun, Junghan Song, Kye-Chul Kwon, Won-Ki Min
BACKGROUND: Since the 99th percentile reference limit for cardiac troponin (Tn) can vary depending on the reference population, Sandoval et al. published systematic selection criteria. In this study, these systematic criteria were applied for the first time to obtain the 99th percentile reference limits for 6 Tn tests. METHODS: The reference population was selected in accordance with the systematic criteria, and reference limits were set with respect to the six types of Tn assays...
January 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815725/work-environment-and-safety-climate-in-the-swedish-merchant-fleet
#20
Karl Forsell, Helena Eriksson, Bengt Järvholm, Monica Lundh, Eva Andersson, Ralph Nilsson
PURPOSE: To get knowledge of the work environment for seafarers sailing under the Swedish flag, in terms of safety climate, ergonomical, chemical and psychosocial exposures, and the seafarers self-rated health and work ability. METHODS: A Web-based questionnaire was sent to all seafarers with a personal e-mail address in the Swedish Maritime Registry (N = 5608). Comparisons were made mainly within the study population, using Student's t test, prevalence odds ratios and logistic regressions with 95% confidence intervals...
November 4, 2016: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
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