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Aaron Manzanares, Ruperto Menayo, Francisco Segado
In a sport conditioned by natural elements such as sailing, visual perception is a key factor for the performance. The research has shown that the visual behaviour of athletes at different skill levels varies, which may cause differences in the performance achieved. The aim of this research was to examine the visual behaviour of sailors from different ranking positions at the start of a race in a simulated situation. Twenty junior sailors (N=10 top and N=10 bottom ranking) participated in the study. The visual behaviour was recorded at the start of a sailing simulation...
October 21, 2016: Motor Control
P Adamson, F P An, I Anghel, A Aurisano, A B Balantekin, H R Band, G Barr, M Bishai, A Blake, S Blyth, G J Bock, D Bogert, D Cao, G F Cao, J Cao, S V Cao, T J Carroll, C M Castromonte, W R Cen, Y L Chan, J F Chang, L C Chang, Y Chang, H S Chen, Q Y Chen, R Chen, S M Chen, Y Chen, Y X Chen, J Cheng, J-H Cheng, Y P Cheng, Z K Cheng, J J Cherwinka, S Childress, M C Chu, A Chukanov, J A B Coelho, L Corwin, D Cronin-Hennessy, J P Cummings, J de Arcos, S De Rijck, Z Y Deng, A V Devan, N E Devenish, X F Ding, Y Y Ding, M V Diwan, M Dolgareva, J Dove, D A Dwyer, W R Edwards, C O Escobar, J J Evans, E Falk, G J Feldman, W Flanagan, M V Frohne, M Gabrielyan, H R Gallagher, S Germani, R Gill, R A Gomes, M Gonchar, G H Gong, H Gong, M C Goodman, P Gouffon, N Graf, R Gran, M Grassi, K Grzelak, W Q Gu, M Y Guan, L Guo, R P Guo, X H Guo, Z Guo, A Habig, R W Hackenburg, S R Hahn, R Han, S Hans, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, M He, K M Heeger, Y K Heng, A Higuera, A Holin, Y K Hor, Y B Hsiung, B Z Hu, T Hu, W Hu, E C Huang, H X Huang, J Huang, X T Huang, P Huber, W Huo, G Hussain, J Hylen, G M Irwin, Z Isvan, D E Jaffe, P Jaffke, C James, K L Jen, D Jensen, S Jetter, X L Ji, X P Ji, J B Jiao, R A Johnson, J K de Jong, J Joshi, T Kafka, L Kang, S M S Kasahara, S H Kettell, S Kohn, G Koizumi, M Kordosky, M Kramer, A Kreymer, K K Kwan, M W Kwok, T Kwok, K Lang, T J Langford, K Lau, L Lebanowski, J Lee, J H C Lee, R T Lei, R Leitner, J K C Leung, C Li, D J Li, F Li, G S Li, Q J Li, S Li, S C Li, W D Li, X N Li, Y F Li, Z B Li, H Liang, C J Lin, G L Lin, S Lin, S K Lin, Y-C Lin, J J Ling, J M Link, P J Litchfield, L Littenberg, B R Littlejohn, D W Liu, J C Liu, J L Liu, C W Loh, C Lu, H Q Lu, J S Lu, P Lucas, K B Luk, Z Lv, Q M Ma, X B Ma, X Y Ma, Y Q Ma, Y Malyshkin, W A Mann, M L Marshak, D A Martinez Caicedo, N Mayer, K T McDonald, C McGivern, R D McKeown, M M Medeiros, R Mehdiyev, J R Meier, M D Messier, W H Miller, S R Mishra, I Mitchell, M Mooney, C D Moore, L Mualem, J Musser, Y Nakajima, D Naples, J Napolitano, D Naumov, E Naumova, J K Nelson, H B Newman, H Y Ngai, R J Nichol, Z Ning, J A Nowak, J O'Connor, J P Ochoa-Ricoux, A Olshevskiy, M Orchanian, R B Pahlka, J Paley, H-R Pan, J Park, R B Patterson, S Patton, G Pawloski, V Pec, J C Peng, A Perch, M M Pfützner, D D Phan, S Phan-Budd, L Pinsky, R K Plunkett, N Poonthottathil, C S J Pun, F Z Qi, M Qi, X Qian, X Qiu, A Radovic, N Raper, B Rebel, J Ren, C Rosenfeld, R Rosero, B Roskovec, X C Ruan, H A Rubin, P Sail, M C Sanchez, J Schneps, A Schreckenberger, P Schreiner, R Sharma, S Moed Sher, A Sousa, H Steiner, G X Sun, J L Sun, N Tagg, R L Talaga, W Tang, D Taychenachev, J Thomas, M A Thomson, X Tian, A Timmons, J Todd, S C Tognini, R Toner, D Torretta, K Treskov, K V Tsang, C E Tull, G Tzanakos, J Urheim, P Vahle, N Viaux, B Viren, V Vorobel, C H Wang, M Wang, N Y Wang, R G Wang, W Wang, X Wang, Y F Wang, Z Wang, Z M Wang, R C Webb, A Weber, H Y Wei, L J Wen, K Whisnant, C White, L Whitehead, L H Whitehead, T Wise, S G Wojcicki, H L H Wong, S C F Wong, E Worcester, C-H Wu, Q Wu, W J Wu, D M Xia, J K Xia, Z Z Xing, J L Xu, J Y Xu, Y Xu, T Xue, C G Yang, H Yang, L Yang, M S Yang, M T Yang, M Ye, Z Ye, M Yeh, B L Young, Z Y Yu, S Zeng, L Zhan, C Zhang, H H Zhang, J W Zhang, Q M Zhang, X T Zhang, Y M Zhang, Y X Zhang, Z J Zhang, Z P Zhang, Z Y Zhang, J Zhao, Q W Zhao, Y B Zhao, W L Zhong, L Zhou, N Zhou, H L Zhuang, J H Zou
Searches for a light sterile neutrino have been performed independently by the MINOS and the Daya Bay experiments using the muon (anti)neutrino and electron antineutrino disappearance channels, respectively. In this Letter, results from both experiments are combined with those from the Bugey-3 reactor neutrino experiment to constrain oscillations into light sterile neutrinos. The three experiments are sensitive to complementary regions of parameter space, enabling the combined analysis to probe regions allowed by the Liquid Scintillator Neutrino Detector (LSND) and MiniBooNE experiments in a minimally extended four-neutrino flavor framework...
October 7, 2016: Physical Review Letters
P Adamson, I Anghel, A Aurisano, G Barr, M Bishai, A Blake, G J Bock, D Bogert, S V Cao, T J Carroll, C M Castromonte, R Chen, S Childress, J A B Coelho, L Corwin, D Cronin-Hennessy, J K de Jong, S De Rijck, A V Devan, N E Devenish, M V Diwan, C O Escobar, J J Evans, E Falk, G J Feldman, W Flanagan, M V Frohne, M Gabrielyan, H R Gallagher, S Germani, R A Gomes, M C Goodman, P Gouffon, N Graf, R Gran, K Grzelak, A Habig, S R Hahn, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Holin, J Huang, J Hylen, G M Irwin, Z Isvan, C James, D Jensen, T Kafka, S M S Kasahara, G Koizumi, M Kordosky, A Kreymer, K Lang, J Ling, P J Litchfield, P Lucas, W A Mann, M L Marshak, N Mayer, C McGivern, M M Medeiros, R Mehdiyev, J R Meier, M D Messier, W H Miller, S R Mishra, S Moed Sher, C D Moore, L Mualem, J Musser, D Naples, J K Nelson, H B Newman, R J Nichol, J A Nowak, J O'Connor, M Orchanian, R B Pahlka, J Paley, R B Patterson, G Pawloski, A Perch, M M Pfützner, D D Phan, S Phan-Budd, R K Plunkett, N Poonthottathil, X Qiu, A Radovic, B Rebel, C Rosenfeld, H A Rubin, P Sail, M C Sanchez, J Schneps, A Schreckenberger, P Schreiner, R Sharma, A Sousa, N Tagg, R L Talaga, J Thomas, M A Thomson, X Tian, A Timmons, J Todd, S C Tognini, R Toner, D Torretta, G Tzanakos, J Urheim, P Vahle, B Viren, A Weber, R C Webb, C White, L Whitehead, L H Whitehead, S G Wojcicki, R Zwaska
We report results of a search for oscillations involving a light sterile neutrino over distances of 1.04 and 735 km in a ν_{μ}-dominated beam with a peak energy of 3 GeV. The data, from an exposure of 10.56×10^{20} protons on target, are analyzed using a phenomenological model with one sterile neutrino. We constrain the mixing parameters θ_{24} and Δm_{41}^{2} and set limits on parameters of the four-dimensional Pontecorvo-Maki-Nakagawa-Sakata matrix, |U_{μ4}|^{2} and |U_{τ4}|^{2}, under the assumption that mixing between ν_{e} and ν_{s} is negligible (|U_{e4}|^{2}=0)...
October 7, 2016: Physical Review Letters
Deliang Li, Jie Pi, Jianping Wang, Pengfei Zhu, Liuping Lei, Ting Zhang, Deming Liu
Discovering cost effective strategies to reduce cadmium (Cd) uptake is of great concern for consumer food safety in the aquaculture industry. This study investigated the protective effects of calcium (Ca) on Cd uptake in co-cultured silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and triangle sail mussel (Hyriopsis cumingii). The results show that Ca-depending on its applied concentration-caused a significant decrease in the Cd uptake into muscle (by 48 %-72 %), gills (by 51 %-57 %), liver (by 52 %-81 %) and kidney (by 54 %-81 %) of silver carp (p < 0...
October 19, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Tae-Dong Jeong, Eun-Jung Cho, Dae-Hyun Ko, Woochang Lee, Sail Chun, Ki-Sook Hong, Won-Ki Min
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to report the experience of large-scale performance evaluation of 238 Accu-Chek Inform II point-of-care (POC) glucose meters in a single medical setting. METHODS: The repeatability of 238 POC devices, the within-site imprecision of 12 devices, and the linearity of 49 devices were evaluated using glucose control solutions. The glucose results of 24 POC devices and central laboratory were compared using patient samples. RESULTS: Mean concentration of control solutions was 2...
October 14, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Elizabeth Miller, T Jacob John
In a Perspective linked to the research article by Isobel Blake and colleagues, Elizabeth Miller and T. Jacob John discuss the path towards global polio eradication and the challenges, strategies, and necessary precautions around oral polio vaccine cessation.
October 2016: PLoS Medicine
Tinde R van Andel, Rachel S Meyer, Saulo A Aflitos, Judith A Carney, Margaretha A Veltman, Dario Copetti, Jonathan M Flowers, Reinout M Havinga, Harro Maat, Michael D Purugganan, Rod A Wing, M Eric Schranz
African rice (Oryza glaberrima) and African cultivation practices are said to have influenced emerging colonial plantation economies in the Americas(1,2). However, the level of impact of African rice practices is difficult to establish because of limited written or botanical records(2,3). Recent findings of O. glaberrima in rice fields of Suriname Maroons bear evidence of the high level of knowledge about rice among African slaves and their descendants, who consecrate it in ancestor rituals(4,5). Here we establish the strong similarity, and hence likely origin, of the first extant New World landrace of O...
October 3, 2016: Nature Plants
Arpita Roy, Pavel Banerjee, Rupam Dutta, Sangita Kundu, Nilmoni Sarkar
This article demonstrates the interaction of a deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) nucleotide, adenosine-5'-monophosphate disodium (AMP) with a cationic surface active ionic liquid (SAIL) 1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazoium chloride (C12mimCl) and an anionic SAIL, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium n-octylsulfate ([C4mim][C8SO4]). Dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements and 1H NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) studies indicate that substantial interaction is taking place among the DNA nucleotide, AMP and the SAILs. Moreover, cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM) suggests that SAILs containing micellar assemblies are transformed into larger micellar assemblies in presence of DNA nucleotide...
October 2, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Yangjie Wei, Yuwei Zhang
Real-time and accurate detection of the sailing or water area will help realize unmanned surface vehicle (USV) systems. Although there are some methods for using optical images in USV-oriented environmental modeling, both the robustness and precision of these published waterline detection methods are comparatively low for a real USV system moving in a complicated environment. This paper proposes an efficient waterline detection method based on structure extraction and texture analysis with respect to optical images and presents a practical application to a USV system for validation...
2016: Sensors
Fuqiang Xing, Qiuqiang Zhan, Yiduo He, Jiesheng Cui, Sailing He, Guanyu Wang
Recent studies have reported that exposure of mammalian cells to microwave radiation may have adverse effects such as induction of cell apoptosis. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying microwave induced mammalian cell apoptosis are not fully understood. Here, we report a novel mechanism: exposure to 1800MHz microwave radiation induces p53-dependent cell apoptosis through cytochrome c-mediated caspase-3 activation pathway. We first measured intensity of microwave radiation from several electronic devices with an irradiation detector...
2016: PloS One
Koffi Benjamin Manou, Ndoula Espérance Kounkou, Romaric Toe, Awo Dorcas Akadje, Cisse Ali, Amonso Daniel Alloh, Manse Béatrice Nandjui
OBJECTIVE: The quality of the residual limb of the amputations in the consequences of a ballistic trauma often was compromised and limits the success of a good equipment for a satisfactory locomotive function. The objective of the study is to describe the various anomalies of the residual limb and their difficulty of equipment of the traumatic amputations by bal PATIENTS AND METHODS: A descriptive retrospective study concerned patients amputated of lower limbs in the consequences of a ballistic trauma during the military crisis in Ivory Coast from 2010 to 2012 and dealt in the center of equipment "Vivre Debout" in the Teacher Hospital of Yopougon...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Nerissa Naidoo, Lelika Lazarus, Shameem Ahmed Osman, Kapil Sewsaran Satyapal
The "critical zone", a region of speculated vascularity, is situated approximately 10mm proximal to the insertion of the supraspinatus tendon. Despite its obvious role as an anatomical landmark demarcator, its patho-anatomic nature has been identified as the source of rotator cuff pathology. Although many studies have attempted to evaluate the vascularity of this region, the architecture regarding the exact length, width and shape of the critical zone, remains unreported. This study aimed to determine the shape and morphometry of the "critical zone" arthroscopically...
September 26, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Lenore A Hawley
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can result in long-term injury-related disabilities. Individuals with TBI and their families must often advocate for themselves to secure resources to address their postinjury needs. However, the ability to advocate may be compromised by the effects of the injury. The Self-Advocacy for Independent Life (SAIL) program aims to empower individuals and families with the skills of self-advocacy so they can navigate life after brain injury in a self-efficacious manner.
August 11, 2016: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
J F Golding
Over 2000 years ago the Greek physician Hippocrates wrote, "sailing on the sea proves that motion disorders the body." Indeed, the word "nausea" derives from the Greek root word naus, hence "nautical," meaning a ship. The primary signs and symptoms of motion sickness are nausea and vomiting. Motion sickness can be provoked by a wide variety of transport environments, including land, sea, air, and space. The recent introduction of new visual technologies may expose more of the population to visually induced motion sickness...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Dimitra Papadimitriou, Gerasimos Gavrielatos, Pavlos Stougiannos, Ioannis Kaplanis, Athanasios Trikas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
Vladimir Nazmov, Elena Reznikova, Juergen Mohr, Volker Saile, Hiroo Tajiri, Anja Voigt
Lenses with high numerical aperture are required for images with very high spatial resolution, which is difficult to realize in the x-ray range because of low-refraction-index decrement and relatively high absorption of x-rays in the material. However, such an aperture can be realized by means of a mosaic lens, as shown in this work.
September 1, 2016: Applied Optics
Robert D Corsaro, Frank Giovane, Jer-Chyi Liou, Mark J Burchell, Michael J Cole, Earl G Williams, Nicholas Lagakos, Albert Sadilek, Christopher R Anderson
This paper describes studies leading to the development of an acoustic instrument for measuring properties of micrometeoroids and other dust particles in space. The instrument uses a pair of easily penetrated membranes separated by a known distance. Sensors located on these films detect the transient acoustic signals produced by particle impacts. The arrival times of these signals at the sensor locations are used in a simple multilateration calculation to measure the impact coordinates on each film. Particle direction and speed are found using these impact coordinates and the known membrane separations...
August 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Jo Marie V Acebes, Malcolm Tull
The fishery for mobulid rays, also known as devil rays, has been practiced in the Bohol Sea for over a century yet very little is known about its history and characteristics. This study provides the first detailed description of the mobulid ray fishery in the Bohol Sea, Philippines. It describes the history and evolution of the fishery from the 19th century to 2013. It characterizes the fishery based on the species targeted, gears used, the organization, catch distribution, processing, monetary value, and the market of its by-products...
2016: PloS One
Shaowei Wang, Xinyuan Zhao, Shaochuan Wang, Jun Qian, Sailing He
Multifunctional drug delivery and combined multimodal therapy strategies are very promising in tumor theranostic applications. In this work, a simple and versatile nanoplatform based on biologically inspired polydopamine capped gold nanorods (GNR-PDA) is developed. Dopamine, a well-known neurotransmitter associated with many neuronal disorders, can undergo self-polymerization on the surface of GNRs to form a stable PDA shell. Its unique molecular adsorption property, as well as its high chemical stability and biocompatibility, facilitate GNR-PDA as an ideal candidate for drug delivery...
September 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Lu Gong, Mei-ling Zhu, Zeng-yuan Liu, Xue-ni Zhang, Li-na Xie
We analyzed the differentiation among the environmental factors and soil organic/inorganic carbon contents of irrigated desert soil, brown desert soil, saline soil and aeolian sandy soil by classical statistics methods, and studied the correlation between soil carbon contents and the environmental factor by redundancy analysis (RDA) in a typical oasis of Yutian in the southern edge of the Tarim Basin. The results showed that the average contents of soil organic carbon and soil inorganic carbon were 2.51 g · kg⁻¹ and 25...
April 15, 2016: Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue
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