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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214598/three-stats-are-involved-in-the-regulation-of-the-expression-of-antimicrobial-peptides-in-the-triangle-sail-mussel-hyriopsis-cumingii
#1
Yun-Jia Dai, Kai-Min Hui, Ying-Hao Zhang, Yan Liu, Yu-Qing Wang, Li-Juan Zhao, Li Lin, Lian-Qin Chai, Shun Wei, Jiang-Feng Lan
Janus kinase (Jak) and signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) signaling pathway is associated in antiviral and antibacterial immune response. Previous studies primarily investigated the function of STATs in mammals. For most invertebrates, only one STAT was found in each species, such as STAT92E was found in Drosophila melanogaster. The studies, which focus on the functional difference between various STATs in the same species of invertebrate, are limited. In the present study, three STATs (HcSTAT1, HcSTAT2 and HcSTAT3) were identified in triangle shell pearl mussel, Hyriopsis cumingii...
February 15, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211652/fluids-in-cardiac-surgery-sailing-calm-on-a-stormy-sea-common-sense-is-the-guidance
#2
Filippo Sanfilippo, Sabino Scolletta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207899/human-cortical-neural-correlates-of-visual-fatigue-during-binocular-depth-perception-an-fnirs-study
#3
Tingting Cai, Huilin Zhu, Jie Xu, Shijing Wu, Xinge Li, Sailing He
Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) was adopted to investigate the cortical neural correlates of visual fatigue during binocular depth perception for different disparities (from 0.1° to 1.5°). By using a slow event-related paradigm, the oxyhaemoglobin (HbO) responses to fused binocular stimuli presented by the random-dot stereogram (RDS) were recorded over the whole visual dorsal area. To extract from an HbO curve the characteristics that are correlated with subjective experiences of stereopsis and visual fatigue, we proposed a novel method to fit the time-course HbO curve with various response functions which could reflect various processes of binocular depth perception...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185996/rationale-design-and-baseline-data-of-a-cross-national-randomized-trial-on-the-effect-of-built-shade-in-public-parks-for-sun-protection
#4
David B Buller, Suzanne Dobbinson, Dallas R English, Melanie Wakefield, Mary Klein Buller
Environments can be structured to reduce solar ultraviolet radiation (UV) exposure to prevent skin cancer. A prospective randomized trial is being conducted to test whether introducing shade sails in passive recreation areas (PRAs) in public parks will increase use and decrease UV exposure in the shaded compared to unshaded PRAs. Shade effects will be compared between Melbourne, Australia and Denver, USA. The trial enrolled 145 public parks with PRAs suitable for shade construction and randomized parks to intervention or control in a 1:3 ratio...
February 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185736/enteric-viruses-and-adenovirus-diversity-in-waters-from-2016-olympic-venues
#5
Rodrigo Staggemeier, Tatiana M S Heck, Meriane Demoliner, Rute G F Ritzel, Nicole M S Röhnelt, Viviane Girardi, Carolina A Venker, Fernando R Spilki
Rio de Janeiro's inner and coastal waters are heavily impacted by human sewage pollution for decades. Enteric viruses, including human adenoviruses (HAdV), human enterovirus (EV), group A rotavirus (RV) and hepatitis A virus (HAV) are more likely to be found in contaminated surface waters. The present work aimed to assess the frequency and loads of EV, HAdV-C and -F species, RV and HAV in sand and water samples from venues used during the 2016 Summer Olympics and by tourists attending the event. Sixteen monthly collections were carried out from March 2015 to July 2016 in 12 different sites from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
February 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169343/improved-flexible-transparent-conductive-electrodes-based-on-silver-nanowire-networks-by-a-simple-sunlight-illumination-approach
#6
Pengfei Kou, Liu Yang, Cheng Chang, Sailing He
Silver nanowire (Ag NW) networks have attracted wide attention as transparent electrodes for emerging flexible optoelectronics. However, the sheet resistance is greatly limited by large wire-to-wire contact resistances. Here, we propose a simple sunlight illumination approach to remarkably improve their electrical conductivity without any significant degradation of the light transmittance. Because the power density is extremely low (0.1 W/cm(2), 1-Sun), only slight welding between Ag NWs has been observed...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162243/seasonal-morphophysiological-variations-in-the-prostatic-complex-of-the-tarabul-s-gerbil-gerbillus-tarabuli
#7
Arezki Kheddache, Elara N'tima Moudilou, Yamina Zatra, Naouel Aknoun-Sail, Zaina Amirat, Jean-Marie Exbrayat, Farida Khammar
Gerbillus tarabuli is a nocturnal Saharan rodent which has an annual reproductive cycle characterized by the reproductive activity in spring and a long phase of sexual quiescence in other seasons. We describe the morphology and hormonal regulation of the prostatic complex of this rodent in the two periods, based on anatomical, histological, morphometric, and immunohistochemical analyses. The organisation of this prostatic complex is similar to that reported for Meriones unguiculatus, but different from the prostate of Psammomys obesus, the rat, and the mouse...
January 19, 2017: Tissue & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161273/corrigendum-to-the-99th-percentile-values-of-six-cardiac-troponin-assays-established-for-a-reference-population-using-strict-selection-criteria-clin-chim-acta-464-2017-1-5
#8
Dae-Hyun Ko, Tae-Dong Jeong, Eun-Jung Cho, Jinsook Lim, Misuk Ji, Kyunghoon Lee, Woochang Lee, Yeo-Min Yun, Sail Chun, Junghan Song, Kye-Chul Kwon, Won-Ki Min
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150981/twilight-of-dawn-or-of-evening-a-century-of-research-methods-in-the-journal-of-applied-psychology
#9
Jose M Cortina, Herman Aguinis, Richard P DeShon
We offer a critical review and synthesis of research methods in the first century of the Journal of Applied Psychology. We divide the chronology into 6 periods. The first emphasizes the first few issues of the journal, which, in many ways, set us on a methodological course that we sail to this day, and then takes us through the mid-1920s. The second is the period through World War II, in which we see the roots of modern methodological concepts and techniques, including a transition from a discovery orientation to a hypotheticodeductive model orientation...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146541/ultra-compact-and-temperature-insensitive-mach-zehnder-interferometer-based-on-one-multimode-waveguide-on-silicon
#10
Huizhan Yang, Jianhao Zhang, Yuntao Zhu, Xuan Zhou, Sailing He, Liu Liu
An ultra-compact and temperature-insensitive Mach-Zehnder interferometer device is introduced on the silicon-on-insulator platform. The device is constructed through one straight multimode waveguide, which consists of two densely packed silicon wires with a narrow gap of varying positions along the device. The total width of the proposed Mach-Zehnder interferometer is only about 1 μm. Interference patterns with extinction ratios of better than 20 dB are achieved. Temperature insensitive operation of the proposed device is also demonstrated for both global and local temperature changes...
February 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134552/measurement-based-management-of-mental-health-quality-and-access-in-vha-sail-mental-health-domain
#11
Sonne Lemke, Matthew Tyler Boden, Lisa K Kearney, Dean D Krahn, Matthew J Neuman, Eric M Schmidt, Jodie A Trafton
We outline the development of a Mental Health Domain to track accessibility and quality of mental health care in the United States Veterans Health Administration (VHA) as part of a broad-based performance measurement system. This domain adds an important element to national performance improvement efforts by targeting regional and facility leadership and providing them a concise yet comprehensive measure to identify facilities facing challenges in their mental health programs. We present the conceptual framework and rationale behind measure selection and development...
February 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130348/can-surf-lifeguards-perform-a-quality-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-sailing-on-a-lifeboat-a-quasi-experimental-study
#12
Roberto Barcala-Furelos, Cristian Abelairas-Gomez, Jose Palacios-Aguilar, Ezequiel Rey, Javier Costas-Veiga, Sergio Lopez-Garcia, Antonio Rodriguez-Nunez
PURPOSE: Drowning is a high-priority public health problem around the world. The European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation 2015 put special emphasis on special environments like open waters. Stopping the drowning process as soon as possible and starting an early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) improve survival. Inflatable rescue boats (IRBs) are used around the world in the water rescue of drowning victims. Our objective was to test the quality of CPR performed by surf-lifeguards while sailing on an IRB...
January 27, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121151/the-first-room-temperature-chiral-anionic-liquid-forming-micelles-and-reverse-micelles
#13
Vijay Raghavan, Prasad Leela Polavarapu
We report the first chiral surface active anionic liquid, T12M, derived from biodegradable tartaric acid, and its unusual properties. T12M features unprecedented combination of characteristics not found in other ionic liquids (ILs): (a) T12M is the first surface active ionic liquid (SAIL) that is fully chiral, by virtue of the presence of chirality in both anionic head group and the counter-ion; (b) T12M remains as room temperature IL for 3 days and then transforms to a semi-solid with melting point at ~55 oC...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111056/increased-morbidity-mortality-and-length-of-in-hospital-stay-for-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-with-pre-morbid-psychiatric-diagnoses
#14
Majd B Protty, Arron Lacey, Dave Smith, Sahar Hannoodee, Phillip Freeman
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric and cardiac comorbidities form the top two budget categories for health systems in high-income countries with evidence that psychiatric pre-morbidities lead to worse outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). There are no studies examining this relationship in a national multicentre population level study in the UK, and no studies examining their impact on length of in-hospital stay (LoS) in ACS. Recognizing at-risk populations and reducing LoS in ACS is an essential part of improving patient care and cost-effectiveness...
January 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107170/hb-variants-in-korea-effect-on-hba1c-using-five-routine-methods
#15
Yeo-Min Yun, Misuk Ji, Dae-Hyun Ko, Sail Chun, Gye Cheol Kwon, Kyunghoon Lee, Sang Hoon Song, Moon Woo Seong, Sung Sup Park, Junghan Song
BACKGROUND: Quantification of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is a challenge in patients with hemoglobin (Hb) variants. We evaluated the impact of various Hb variants on five routine HbA1c assays by comparing with the IFCC reference measurement procedure (RMP). METHODS: Whole blood samples showing warning flags or no results on routine HPLC HbA1c assays were confirmed for Hb variants and were submitted to HbA1c quantification using Sebia Capillarys 2 Flex Piercing, Roche Tina-quant HbA1c Gen...
January 20, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107166/a-new-strategy-for-calculating-the-risk-of-ovarian-malignancy-algorithm-roma
#16
Tae-Dong Jeong, Eun-Jung Cho, Dae-Hyun Ko, Woochang Lee, Sail Chun, Hi Jeong Kwon, Ki-Sook Hong, Yong-Man Kim, Won-Ki Min
BACKGROUND: Reliable quantitative measurements of HE4 and CA125 levels are required to calculate the risk of ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA) value. We suggest a new reporting strategy for interpreting ROMA values based on analytical measurement range (AMR) and qualified-intervals of the HE4 and CA125 results. METHODS: HE4 and CA125 assays from Abbott and Roche were used. The AMRs and the qualified-intervals were as follows: Architect HE4 assay, 20-1500 and 17...
January 20, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106081/shigatoxin-encoding-bacteriophage-%C3%AF-24b-modulates-bacterial-metabolism-to-raise-antimicrobial-tolerance
#17
G S Holt, J K Lodge, A J McCarthy, A K Graham, G Young, S H Bridge, A K Brown, M Veses-Garcia, C V Lanyon, A Sails, H E Allison, D L Smith
How temperate bacteriophages play a role in microbial infection and disease progression is not fully understood. They do this in part by carrying genes that promote positive evolutionary selection for the lysogen. Using Biolog phenotype microarrays and comparative metabolite profiling we demonstrate the impact of the well-characterised Shiga toxin-prophage ϕ24B on its Escherichia coli host MC1061. As a lysogen, the prophage alters the bacterial physiology by increasing the rates of respiration and cell proliferation...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104215/sailing-the-murky-seas-of-endovascular%C3%A2-cli%C3%A2-revascularization-is-wound-blush-our-beacon
#18
EDITORIAL
Andrew J P Klein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098221/remote-cooling-by-a-novel-thermal-lens-with-anisotropic-positive-thermal-conductivity
#19
Fei Sun, Sailing He
A novel thermal lens that can achieve a remote cooling effect is designed by transformation thermodynamics. The effective distance between the separate hot source and cold source is shortened by our shelled thermal lens without any negative thermal conductivity. Numerical simulations verify the performance of our thermal lens. Based on the effective medium theory, we also propose a practical way to realize our lens using two-layered isotropic thermal media that are both found in nature. The proposed thermal lens will have potential applications in remote temperature control and in creating other thermal illusions...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056955/development-of-an-algorithm-for-determining-smoking-status-and-behaviour-over-the-life-course-from-uk-electronic-primary-care-records
#20
Mark D Atkinson, Jonathan I Kennedy, Ann John, Keir E Lewis, Ronan A Lyons, Sinead T Brophy
BACKGROUND: Patients' smoking status is routinely collected by General Practitioners (GP) in UK primary health care. There is an abundance of Read codes pertaining to smoking, including those relating to smoking cessation therapy, prescription, and administration codes, in addition to the more regularly employed smoking status codes. Large databases of primary care data are increasingly used for epidemiological analysis; smoking status is an important covariate in many such analyses. However, the variable definition is rarely documented in the literature...
January 5, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
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