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Paediatric obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453208/parent-reported-prevalence-and-persistence-of-19-common-child-health-conditions
#1
Tracy Liu, Raghu Lingam, Kate Lycett, Fiona K Mensah, Joshua Muller, Harriet Hiscock, Md Hamidul Huque, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVE: To estimate prevalence and persistence of 19 common paediatric conditions from infancy to 14-15 years. DESIGN: Population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Parallel cohorts assessed biennially from 2004 to 2014 from ages 0-1 and 4-5 years to 10-11 and 14-15 years, respectively, in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: 19 health conditions: 17 parent-reported, 2 (overweight/obesity, obesity) directly assessed...
February 16, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413788/biomechanical-characteristics-of-lower-limb-gait-waveforms-associations-with-body-fat-in-children
#2
Ryan Mahaffey, Stewart C Morrison, Paul Bassett, Wendy I Drechsler, Mary C Cramp
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is associated with musculoskeletal dysfunction and altered lower limb biomechanics during gait. Few previous studies have explored relationships between childhood obesity measured by body fat and lower limb joint waveform kinematics and kinetics. RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the association between body fat and hip, knee and ankle joint angles and moments during gait and in 7 to 11 year-old boys? METHODS: Fifty-five boys participated in the study...
February 2, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401314/sleep-duration-and-incidence-of-obesity-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#3
Michelle A Miller, Marlot Kruisbrink, Joanne Wallace, Chen Ji, Francesco P Cappuccio
Study Objective: To assess the prospective relationship between sleep and obesity in a paediatric population. Methods: We performed a systematic search using PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane (up to 25th September 2017). Included studies were prospective, had follow-up >1 year, had duration of sleep at baseline, and measures of incidence of overweight or obesity and/or changes in body mass index (BMI) z-score and BMI during follow-up. We extracted relative risks or changes in BMI z-score or BMI and 95% confidence intervals (CI) and pooled them using a random effect model...
February 1, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386718/health-care-for-children-in-indian-armed-forces
#4
Madhuri Kanitkar
Children of Armed Forces personnel constitute 33% of the clientele dependant on our healthcare. Various child health indicators and immunization coverage of Indian Armed Forces children is better than the national figures. With improved patient care, it has been observed that the morbidity and mortality pattern of diseases affecting the children of Armed Forces personnel has shown a change from infectious diseases in the past to more of chronic complex disorders at present. Hospital admissions of children in military hospitals due to nutritional and infectious diseases have reduced and constitute only around 21% of all paediatric hospital admissions...
October 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377258/transfer-from-paediatric-to-adult-care-for-young-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-the-search-for-diabetes-in-youth-study
#5
S Agarwal, J K Raymond, S Isom, J M Lawrence, G Klingensmith, C Pihoker, S Corathers, S Saydah, R B D'Agostino, D Dabelea
AIM: To describe factors associated with transfer from paediatric to adult care and poor glycaemic control among young adults with Type 2 diabetes, using the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study. METHODS: Young adults with Type 2 diabetes were included if they had a baseline SEARCH visit while in paediatric care at < 18 years and ≥ 1 follow-up SEARCH visit at 18-25 years. At each visit, HbA1c , BMI, self-reported demographic and healthcare provider data were collected...
January 27, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374622/prescribing-in-paediatric-obesity-methods-to-improve-dosing-safety-in-weight-based-dose-calculations
#6
Leanne C Callaghan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374028/paediatric-obesity-appears-to-lower-the-risk-of-diabetes-if-selection-bias-is-ignored
#7
Steven D Stovitz, Hailey R Banack, Jay S Kaufman
BACKGROUND: Frustrated with the onslaught of articles reporting fascination with results that appear paradoxical but are merely due to selection bias, we studied the apparent effect of obesity on diabetes risk in youth who had a test for diabetes. We hypothesised that obese subjects would have lower rates of diabetes than non-obese subjects due to selection bias, and consequently, obesity would appear to lower the risk of diabetes. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of children (4-9 years), pre-teens (10-12 years) and teenagers (13-19 years)...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373707/cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-comorbidities-of-juvenile-dermatomyositis-in-us-children-an-analysis-of-the-national-inpatient-sample
#8
Jonathan I Silverberg, Lauren Kwa, Michael C Kwa, Anne E Laumann, Kaveh Ardalan
Objective: JDM is associated with multiple potential risk factors for cardiovascular disease, including reduced heart rate variability, systolic/diastolic cardiac dysfunction, abnormal brachial artery reactivity and metabolic syndrome. However, little is known about cardiovascular risk in JDM. We sought to examine the association between JDM and cardiovascular risk factors and disease in US children. Methods: Data from the 2002-12 National Inpatient Sample was analysed, including ∼20% of all US hospitalizations (n = 14 535 620 paediatric hospitalizations)...
January 24, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358036/descriptive-epidemiology-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-obese-adolescent-population
#9
Sharmin Mahbuba, Fauzia Mohsin, Farhana Rahat, Jebun Nahar, Tahmina Begum, Nazmun Nahar
AIMS: The study was done to assess the magnitude of problems of metabolic syndrome among obese adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHOD: It was a cross-sectional study done from January 2013 to June 2014 in paediatric endocrine outpatient department in BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Total 172 adolescents having exogenous obesity aged 10-18 years were included. Impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) were defined as per WHO criteria...
January 4, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356315/utility-values-for-childhood-obesity-interventions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-evidence-for-use-in-economic-evaluation
#10
REVIEW
V Brown, E J Tan, A J Hayes, S Petrou, M L Moodie
Rigorous estimates of preference-based utilities are important inputs into economic evaluations of childhood obesity interventions, yet no published review currently exists examining utility by weight status in paediatric populations. A comprehensive systematic literature review and meta-analysis was therefore undertaken, pooling data on preference-based health state utilities by weight status in children using a random-effects model. Tests for heterogeneity were performed, and publication bias was assessed...
January 21, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318372/severe-obstructive-sleep-disorders-in-prader-willi-syndrome-patients-in-southern-italy
#11
Angelo Canora, Adriana Franzese, Enza Mozzillo, Valentina Fattorusso, Marialuisa Bocchino, Alessandro Sanduzzi
Sleep-related disordered breathing (SDB) is very common in paediatric patients affected by Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). However, data addressing SBD patterns and their management are lacking. The aim of the present study was to analyse SDB features in 14 PWS patients (age range, 8 months-17 years). Polygraphic registration (PG) during a 12-h nocturnal sleep was performed in all patients. Obstructive and central apnoea indices and oxygen saturation (SpO2) were recorded along with demographic and clinical data...
January 9, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287023/single-shot-version-of-flair-sequence-in-the-detection-of-intraventricular-anomalies-preliminary-experience-in-fetal-mr-imaging
#12
Giorgia Falanga, Marco Moscatelli, Giana Izzo, Cecilia Parazzini, Chiara Doneda, Andrea Righini
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate single-shot (ss) FLAIR sequence in the detection of intraventricular anomalies in a series of fetuses showing mild-moderate ventriculomegaly at ultrasound. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fetuses with mild-moderate isolated ventriculomegaly, which underwent MR imaging between 2003 and 2014 were considered eligible. Fetuses were examined by standard MR protocol and ss-FLAIR sequence, tailored for snapshot imaging. Two paediatric neuroradiologists evaluated MR images...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249400/impact-of-obesity-on-biomarkers-of-iron-and-vitamin-d-status-in-children-and-adolescents-the-risk-of-misinterpretation
#13
EDITORIAL
M-L Frelut, J-P Girardet, A Bocquet, A Briend, J-P Chouraqui, D Darmaun, C Dupont, F Feillet, R Hankard, J-C Rozé, U Simeoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224232/physical-activity-and-family-based-obesity-treatment-a-review-of-expert-recommendations-on-physical-activity-in-youth
#14
REVIEW
C Foster, J B Moore, C R Singletary, J A Skelton
Targeting physical inactivity in children is pertinent to aiding in the decrease of childhood obesity rates. Only 33% of adolescents are obtaining the recommended goal of at least 60 min of physical activity per day. The objectives of this review are to summarize professional recommendations for physical activity and exercise in children and adolescents, and identify family-centred strategies that can be implemented by weight management clinicians. Clinically oriented recommendations and policy statements from professional organizations were identified through literature and internet searches, summarized using rubrics of aerobic, muscle strengthening and bone strengthening exercise, then examined for details on family-based focus, inclusion of child developmental stage and age, and application to the prevention and treatment of obesity...
February 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215159/sleep-disorders-in-obese-children-are-not-limited-to-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome
#15
C Carriere, O Coste, M C Meiffred-Drouet, P Barat, H Thibault
AIM: This study was to characterised respiratory and non-respiratory sleep disorders in obese children and evaluated the diagnostic and therapeutic impact of a specific sleep consultation. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted in obese French children who received multidisciplinary care management from the hospital centre for paediatric obesity in Bordeaux. This followed a specific sleep consultation between 2007 and 2015, because their paediatrician had identified symptoms suggestive of sleep disorders...
December 7, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208363/the-uk-paediatric-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-register-statin-related-safety-and-1-year-growth-data
#16
Steve E Humphries, Jackie Cooper, Peter Dale, Uma Ramaswami
BACKGROUND: For children with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), UK guidelines recommend consideration of statin therapy by age 10 years and dietary and lifestyle advice to maintain an ideal body weight. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to use the UK Paediatric Familial Hypercholesterolemia Register to determine: (1) the prevalence of plasma markers of liver toxicity and muscle damage in statin-treated FH children; (2) the prevalence of obesity in FH children compared to the UK general population; and (3) to compare growth rates in statin-treated and nontreated children...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207962/a-partially-supervised-physical-activity-program-for-adult-and-adolescent-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-surfit-study-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-nct02730767
#17
Corina S Rueegg, Susi Kriemler, Simeon J Zuercher, Christina Schindera, Andrea Renner, Helge Hebestreit, Christian Meier, Prisca Eser, Nicolas X von der Weid
BACKGROUND: Beyond survival of nowadays >80%, modern childhood cancer treatment strives to preserve long-term health and quality of life. However, the majority of today's survivors suffer from short- and long-term adverse effects such as cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, obesity, osteoporosis, fatigue, depression, and reduced physical fitness and quality of life. Regular exercise can play a major role to mitigate or prevent such late-effects. Despite this, there are no data on the effects of regular exercise in childhood cancer survivors from randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
December 5, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188820/identification-of-novel-alleles-associated-with-insulin-resistance-in-childhood-obesity-using-pooled-dna-genome-wide-association-study-approach
#18
P Kotnik, E Knapič, J Kokošar, J Kovač, R Jerala, T Battelino, S Horvat
BACKGROUND: Recently, we witnessed great progress in the discovery of genetic variants associated with obesity and T2D, especially in adults. Much less is known regarding genetic variants associated with insulin resistance (IR). We hypothesized that novel IR genes could be efficiently detected in a population of obese children and adolescents who may not exhibit comorbidities and other confounding factors. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine if a genome wide association study (GWAS), using a DNA pooling approach, could identify novel genes associated with IR...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164673/reviewing-and-addressing-the-link-between-mass-media-and-the-increase-in%C3%A2-obesity-among-european-children-the-european-academy-of-paediatrics-eap-and-the-european-childhood-obesity-group-ecog-consensus-statement
#19
Artur Mazur, Margherita Caroli, Igor Radziewicz-Winnicki, Paulina Nowicka, Daniel Weghuber, David Neubauer, Łukasz Dembiński, Francis P Crawley, Martin White, Adamos Hadjipanayis
This study reviewed the link between social media and the growing epidemic of childhood obesity in Europe. A task force from the European Academy of Paediatrics and the European Childhood Obesity Group searched published literature and developed a consensus statement. It found that there was evidence of a strong link between obesity levels across European countries and childhood media exposure and that parents and society needed a better understanding of the influence of social media on dietary habits. CONCLUSION: Health policies in Europe must take account of the range of social media influences that promote the development of childhood obesity...
November 22, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156452/an-international-consortium-update-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-in-adolescence
#20
Lourdes Ibáñez, Sharon E Oberfield, Selma Witchel, Richard J Auchus, R Jeffrey Chang, Ethel Codner, Preeti Dabadghao, Feyza Darendeliler, Nancy Samir Elbarbary, Alessandra Gambineri, Cecilia Garcia Rudaz, Kathleen M Hoeger, Abel López-Bermejo, Ken Ong, Alexia S Peña, Thomas Reinehr, Nicola Santoro, Manuel Tena-Sempere, Rachel Tao, Bulent O Yildiz, Haya Alkhayyat, Asma Deeb, Dipesalema Joel, Reiko Horikawa, Francis de Zegher, Peter A Lee
This paper represents an international collaboration of paediatric endocrine and other societies (listed in the Appendix) under the International Consortium of Paediatric Endocrinology (ICPE) aiming to improve worldwide care of adolescent girls with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)1. The manuscript examines pathophysiology and guidelines for the diagnosis and management of PCOS during adolescence. The complex pathophysiology of PCOS involves the interaction of genetic and epigenetic changes, primary ovarian abnormalities, neuroendocrine alterations, and endocrine and metabolic modifiers such as anti-Müllerian hormone, hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance, adiposity, and adiponectin levels...
2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
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