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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779811/do-dietetic-patients-in-a-regional-area-attend-a-drop-in-diabetes-outpatient-clinic-proof-of-concept-observational-study
#1
Clare Byrne, Rachel Roth, Julianne Donnelly, Gill Dicker, Michelle Palmer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Drop-in clinics may be an alternative patient-centred approach to traditional appointment systems. However patient uptake in Allied Health settings is unknown. Given the limited literature, this observational prospective project tested whether patients with diabetes would present to a drop-in clinic, and whether the types and volume of patients would change due to introduction of a drop-in clinic. METHODS: Alongside a referral-based booked individual appointment service (standard care (SC)), a drop-in clinic was introduced allowing patients to present without appointment...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778635/a-critical-appraisal-of-11-th-century-treatise-by-ibn-sina-avicenna-on-the-anatomy-of-the-vascular-system-comparison-with-modern-anatomic-descriptions
#2
P Mazengenya, R Bhikha
Ibn Sina (also known as Avicenna in the West) was the most famous physician and medical scientist of the medieval era. His book, the Canon of Medicine comprised a vast collection of medical information ranging from basic medical sciences to specialised medical fields. Herein, we present an analysis of the cardiovascular system, particularly giving an in-depth comparison of the structural and functional anatomy of the arteries and veins of the body as described by Avicenna in the Canon of Medicine and comparing them to modern extant anatomical literature...
May 16, 2018: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776348/the-influence-of-cross-sectoral-treatment-models-on-patients-with-mental-disorders-in-germany-study-protocol-of-a-nationwide-long-term-evaluation-study-eva64
#3
Anne Neumann, Enno Swart, Dennis Häckl, Roman Kliemt, Stefanie March, Denise Küster, Katrin Arnold, Thomas Petzold, Fabian Baum, Martin Seifert, Jessika Weiß, Andrea Pfennig, Jochen Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Close, continuous and efficient collaboration between different professions and sectors of care is necessary to provide patient-centered care for individuals with mental disorders. The lack of structured collaboration between in- and outpatient care constitutes a limitation of the German health care system. Since 2012, a new law in Germany (§64b Social code book (SGB) V) has enabled the establishment of cross-sectoral and patient-centered treatment models in psychiatry. Such model projects follow a capitation budget, i...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775462/analytical-scaling-relations-to-evaluate-leakage-and-intrusion-in-intermittent-water-supply-systems
#4
David D J Taylor, Alexander H Slocum, Andrew J Whittle
Intermittent water supplies (IWS) deliver piped water to one billion people; this water is often microbially contaminated. Contaminants that accumulate while IWS are depressurized are flushed into customers' homes when these systems become pressurized. In addition, during the steady-state phase of IWS, contaminants from higher-pressure sources (e.g., sewers) may continue to intrude where pipe pressure is low. To guide the operation and improvement of IWS, this paper proposes an analytic model relating supply pressure, supply duration, leakage, and the volume of intruded, potentially-contaminated, fluids present during flushing and steady-state...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772920/a-contagious-disorder-folie-%C3%A3-deux-and-dementia
#5
Gabriele Cipriani, Noha Abdel-Gawad, Sabrina Danti, Mario Di Fiorino
BACKGROUND: Folie à deux is a clinical condition that was first described in 19th century. It is a psychotic disorder in which two closely associated individuals share a similar delusional system. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article is to review the nosological significance of folie à deux and to explore the disorder among patients with dementia. METHODS: Medline and Google Scholar searches were conducted for relevant articles, chapters, and books published before 2017...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772073/julius-sachs-1868-the-father-of-plant-physiology
#6
Ulrich Kutschera, Karl J Niklas
The year 2018 marks the 150th anniversary of the first publication of Julius von Sachs' (1832-1897) Lehrbuch der Botanik (Textbook of Botany), which provided a comprehensive summary of what was then known about the plant sciences. Three years earlier, in 1865, Sachs produced the equally impressive Handbuch der Experimental-Physiologie der Pflanzen (Handbook of Experimental Plant Physiology), which summarized the state of knowledge in all aspects of the discipline known today as plant physiology. Both of these books provided numerous insights based on Sachs' seminal experiments...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766808/a-review-on-plant-antimicrobials-of-past-decade
#7
Preet Amol Singh, Sapna D Desai, Jasbir Singh
As per WHO reports, about three-quarters (65-80%) of the world's population seeks plants or plant-derived natural products for various diseases. The slow discovery of new synthetic molecules and rising resistance in microbes against existing ones has triggered an alarm for speeding up the development process for new molecules. Traditional system(s) of medicine and plant resources has been foresighted again by researchers to circumvent the situation. This review represents various plant genera which, either as a whole plant or their parts, have been reported possessing antimicrobial properties during the last decade...
May 16, 2018: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761363/scientific-iconoclasm-and-active-imagination-synthetic-cells-as-techno-scientific-mandalas
#8
Hub Zwart
Metaphors allow us to come to terms with abstract and complex information, by comparing it to something which is structured, familiar and concrete. Although modern science is "iconoclastic", as Gaston Bachelard phrases it (i.e. bent on replacing living entities by symbolic data: e.g. biochemical and mathematical symbols and codes), scientists are at the same time prolific producers of metaphoric images themselves. Synthetic biology is an outstanding example of a technoscientific discourse replete with metaphors, including textual metaphors such as the "Morse code" of life, the "barcode" of life and the "book" of life...
May 14, 2018: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759881/spanish-urological-schools-1880-1970
#9
M Pérez-Albacete
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: We researched the start of urological specialisation in Spain, from the end of the 19th century to the institution of the education system (resident medical intern) to learn about the centres and individuals who created the urological teaching units and training schools in which the first Spanish urologists specialised their training. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We extracted the references from books on the history of urology, from periodic urological publications and from the posters on history submitted to the congresses of the Spanish Urological Association and filled in the data and dates with the Historical Dictionary of Spanish Urologists...
May 11, 2018: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751723/-study-on-medication-laws-of-tibetan-medicine-in-treatment-of-plateau-disease-based-on-data-mining-technology
#10
Huan Liu, Cai-Yun Zhao, Wen Zhang, Yi Zhang, Jia Nie
Traditional Chinese medicine inheritance support system (TCMISS, V2.5) was used in this study to analyze the common medicines, frequency of medicine combination, core herbal combinations and new prescriptions for the treatment of plateau disease from the Four-Volume Medical Code, Mannose Herbal Mirror and other related books. TCMISS V2.5 software was used to construct the database of drug treatment for plateau disease. The frequency analysis and association rules apriori algorithm, improved mutual information method and other data mining methods were used to explore the law of drug compatibility...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748506/dietary-neurotransmitters-a-narrative-review-on-current-knowledge
#11
REVIEW
Matteo Briguglio, Bernardo Dell'Osso, Giancarlo Panzica, Antonio Malgaroli, Giuseppe Banfi, Carlotta Zanaboni Dina, Roberta Galentino, Mauro Porta
Foods are natural sources of substances that may exert crucial effects on the nervous system in humans. Some of these substances are the neurotransmitters (NTs) acetylcholine (ACh), the modified amino acids glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and the biogenic amines dopamine, serotonin (5-HT), and histamine. In neuropsychiatry, progressive integration of dietary approaches in clinical routine made it necessary to discern the more about some of these dietary NTs. Relevant books and literature from PubMed and Scopus databases were searched for data on food sources of Ach, glutamate, GABA, dopamine, 5-HT, and histamine...
May 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745552/-intelligent-watch-system-for-health-monitoring-based-on-bluetooth-low-energy-technology
#12
Ji Wang, Hailiang Guo, Xiaoli Ren
According to the development status of wearable technology and the demand of intelligent health monitoring, we studied the multi-function integrated smart watches solution and its key technology. First of all, the sensor technology with high integration density, Bluetooth low energy (BLE) and mobile communication technology were integrated and used in develop practice. Secondly, for the hardware design of the system in this paper, we chose the scheme with high integration density and cost-effective computer modules and chips...
August 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744966/the-effects-of-self-book%C3%A2-art-therapy-on-cancer-related-distress-in-female-cancer-patients-during-active-treatment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Donna Radl, Maureen Vita, Nancy Gerber, Edward J Gracely, Joke Bradt
OBJECTIVE: National attention on patients' cancer-related emotional distress produced a need for evidence-based, psychosocial interventions in oncology care. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Self-Book© art therapy for emotional distress and psychological well-being of female oncology patients during active oncology treatment. METHODS: Sixty consenting women with cancer were randomly assigned to either a six-session Self-Book© art therapy program or standard care...
May 10, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743226/understanding-implementation-of-complex-interventions-in-primary-care-teams
#14
Thea Luig, Jodie Asselin, Arya M Sharma, Denise L Campbell-Scherer
BACKGROUND: The implementation of interventions to support practice change in primary care settings is complex. Pragmatic strategies, grounded in empiric data, are needed to navigate real-world challenges and unanticipated interactions with context that can impact implementation and outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This article uses the example of the "5As Team" randomized control trial to explore implementation strategies to promote knowledge transfer, capacity building, and practice integration, and their interaction within the context of an interdisciplinary primary care team...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741230/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-an-internet-based-self-management-program-in-systemic-sclerosis
#15
Dinesh Khanna, Jennifer Serrano, Veronica J Berrocal, Richard M Silver, Pedro Cuencas, Sharon L Newbill, Josephine Battyany, Cynthia Maxwell, Mary Alore, Laura Dyas, Robert Riggs, Kerri Connolly, Saville Kellner, Jody J Fisher, Erica Bush, Anjali Sachdeva, Luke Evnin, Dennis W Raisch, Janet L Poole
OBJECTIVES: A pilot study showed that an internet-based self-management program improves self-efficacy in systemic sclerosis (SSc). The objective of the present study was to compare the internet-based self-management program to an educational book developed for people with SSc in measures of self-efficacy and other patient-reported outcomes. METHODS: A 16-week randomized, controlled trial. RESULTS: Of the 267 participants who completed baseline questionnaires and were randomized to the intervention (internet) or control (book) condition, 123 (93%) in the internet and 124 (94%) in the control completed the 16-week RCT...
May 9, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738847/ethnopharmacological-uses-phytochemistry-biological-activities-and-therapeutic-applications-of-alpinia-oxyphylla-miquel-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Qiao Zhang, Yunliang Zheng, Xingjiang Hu, Xiaolong Hu, Wenwen Lv, Duo Lv, Jinjin Chen, Minglan Wu, Qichao Song, Jianzhong Shentu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL USAGES: Fructus Alpiniae oxyphyllae (A. oxyphylla) is an important medicinal plant that is used not only as an edible fruit, but also as an important traditional medicine for benefiting cognitive performance and alleviating a wide spectrum of diseases. Such as; warming kidney, securing essence and arresting polyuria, as well as warming the spleen and stopping diarrhea and saliva. AIMS: The purpose of this review is to provide updated, comprehensive and categorized information on the traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological research of A...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736584/bioreactors-and-microfluidics-for-osteochondral-interface-maturation
#17
Raphaël F Canadas, Alexandra P Marques, Rui L Reis, J Miguel Oliveira
The cell culture techniques are in the base of any biology-based science. The standard techniques are commonly static platforms as Petri dishes, tissue culture well plates, T-flasks, or well plates designed for spheroids formation. These systems faced a paradigm change from 2D to 3D over the current decade driven by the tissue engineering (TE) field. However, 3D static culture approaches usually suffer from several issues as poor homogenization of the formed tissues and development of a necrotic center which limits the size of in vitro tissues to hundreds of micrometers...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733943/hajrul-yahood-lapis-judaicus-an-important-mineral-drug-of-unani-system-of-medicine-for-the-management-of-urolithiasis
#18
REVIEW
Shaikh Ajij Ahmed Makbul, Nasreen Jahan, Ghufran Ahmad
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hajrul yahood (Lapis judaicus) is a mineral drug used in different dosage forms in Unani system of medicine and claimed to be effective in the management of urolithiasis. AIM OF THE STUDY: To explore the role of Hajrul yahood in the management of urolithiasis along with determination of its morphological, ethnomedicinal, physicochemical and pharmacological attributes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of literature on Hajrul yahood was undertaken using the bibliographic database viz...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719883/nursing-information-flow-in-long-term-care-facilities
#19
Quan Wei, Karen L Courtney
OBJECTIVE:  Long-term care (LTC), residential care requiring 24-hour nursing services, plays an important role in the health care service delivery system. The purpose of this study was to identify the needed clinical information and information flow to support LTC Registered Nurses (RNs) in care collaboration and clinical decision making. METHODS:  This descriptive qualitative study combines direct observations and semistructured interviews, conducted at Alberta's LTC facilities between May 2014 and August 2015...
April 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695386/the-relationship-between-intimate-partner-violence-reported-at-the-first-antenatal-booking-visit-and-obstetric-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-an-ethnically-diverse-group-of-australian-pregnant-women-a-population-based-study-over-10-years
#20
Hannah Grace Dahlen, Ana Maria Munoz, Virginia Schmied, Charlene Thornton
OBJECTIVES: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global health issue affecting mainly women and is known to escalate during pregnancy and impact negatively on obstetric and perinatal outcomes. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of IPV in a pregnant multicultural population and to determine the relationship between IPV reported at booking interview and maternal and perinatal outcomes. DESIGN: This is a retrospective population-based data study. We analysed routinely collected data (2006-2016) from the ObstetriX system on a cohort of pregnant women...
April 25, 2018: BMJ Open
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