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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336330/-the-current-urological-training-program-in-spain-urology-national-specialty-commission
#1
José Ramón Cortiñas-González, Laura Pesquera-Ortega
OBJECTIVES: 44/2003 Law involved the creation of the National Council of Specialties in Health Sciences and the National Commissions of the Specialties in Health Sciences. METHODS: Analysis of the main laws implicated in Specialized Training and the role of the National Specialty Commission. DISCUSSION: 44/2003 Law regulates the training of health professionals and establishes the procedure for the training programs creation by the National Specialty Commission and its later approval and publication in the BOE...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328781/normalization-of-deviation-quotation-error-in-human-factors
#2
Jordan Lock, Chris Bearman
Objective The objective of this paper is to examine quotation error in human factors. Background Science progresses through building on the work of previous research. This requires accurate quotation. Quotation error has a number of adverse consequences: loss of credibility, loss of confidence in the journal, and a flawed basis for academic debate and scientific progress. Quotation error has been observed in a number of domains, including marine biology and medicine, but there has been little or no previous study of this form of error in human factors, a domain that specializes in the causes and management of error...
January 1, 2018: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327339/electronic-registry-for-the-management-of-childhood-obesity-in-greece
#3
Penio Kassari, Panagiotis Papaioannou, Antonis Billiris, Haralampos Karanikas, Stergiani Eleftheriou, Eleftherios Thireos, Yannis Manios, George P Chrousos, Evangelia Charmandari
BACKGROUND: Obesity in childhood and adolescence represents a major health problem in our century. In Greece, more than 30-35% of children and adolescents are either overweight or obese. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using information and communication technologies, we developed a "National Registry for the Prevention and Management of Overweight and Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence" for guidance and training of Pediatricians and General Practitioners. The application supports interoperability with other national infrastructures and multi-layered security spanning preventive, detective and administrative controls...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301414/helping-dementia-caregivers-manage-medical-problems-benefits-of-an-educational-resource
#4
Sheryl Zimmerman, Philip D Sloane, Kimberly Ward, Anna Beeber, David Reed, Christine Lathren, Bobbi Matchar, Lisa Gwyther
BACKGROUND/RATIONALE: Family caregivers of people with dementia must attend to medical care needs of their relative, yet few available resources address comorbidities in dementia. Consequently, caregivers feel ill-equipped when medical concerns arise. In response, an educational resource-Alzheimer's Medical Advisor ( AlzMed)-was developed in 2 forms (website and book) and evaluated. METHODS: Family caregivers (143 website and 51 book) used an educational resource that provides information on medical problems, vital signs, pain, dehydration, and the healthcare system...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290152/professor-samuel-david-gross-1805-1884-and-his-innovations-in-surgery-and-medicine
#5
Konstantinos Laios
Professor Samuel David Gross (1805-1884) is considered as one of the founders of American surgery. He was a skillful surgeon who could excellently perform a lithotomy, an amputation, and a cataract surgery. He introduced many new surgical techniques and designed new surgical and medical instruments. He expertise was not limited to surgery alone; he also published studies concerning internal medicine, pathology, experimental physiology, and pharmacology. His most important treatise was his 2-volume work, A System of Surgery, Pathological, Diagnostic, Therapeutic and Operative (1861), which was a standard reference book in surgery in the United States during the second half of 19th century...
December 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284699/what-factors-contribute-to-postabortion-contraceptive-uptake-by-young-women-a-program-evaluation-in-10-countries-in-asia-and-sub-saharan-africa
#6
Janie Benson, Kathryn Andersen, Joan Healy, Dalia Brahmi
BACKGROUND: Unintended pregnancy disproportionately affects young women and adolescents in developing countries. The abortion care setting offers a unique opportunity for adolescents and young women to access a full range of contraceptive services. This evaluation assesses the factors that influence contraceptive uptake among adolescents and young women seeking abortion care in health facilities. METHODS: Following provider training, we analyzed client log book data from 921,918 abortion care cases in 4,881 health facilities in 10 countries from July 2011 through June 2015...
December 28, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284016/modeling-cooperating-micro-organisms-in-antibiotic-environment
#7
Gilad Book, Colin Ingham, Gil Ariel
Recent experiments with the bacteria Paenibacillus vortex reveal a remarkable strategy enabling it to cope with antibiotics by cooperating with a different bacterium-Escherichia coli. While P. vortex is a highly effective swarmer, it is sensitive to the antibiotic ampicillin. On the other hand, E. coli can degrade ampicillin but is non-motile when grown on high agar percentages. The two bacterial species form a shared colony in which E. coli is transported by P. vortex and E. coli detoxifies the ampicillin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278620/95th-anniversary-of-pathophysiology-in-croatia
#8
Zdenko Kovač
University level of Pathophysiology research and teaching in Croatia had started with the third year of Medical School of Zagreb in academic year 1919./20. Ever since, despite historical changes of the main university stake holder, the state of Croatia, Department of Pathophysiology development progressed and has made visible academic achievements, with a broader effect in medical community. The first 95 years of academic tradition and major achievements are shortly described in this paper. Professor Miroslav Mikuličić envisioned Pathophysiology in close relations with Pharmacology and made the pioneering steps of establishing the "double" department at Šalata...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248451/features-and-outcomes-of-drugs-for-combination-therapy-as-multi-targets-strategy-to-combat-alzheimer-s-disease
#9
REVIEW
Atish Kumar Sahoo, Jagnehswar Dandapat, Umesh Chandra Dash, Satish Kanhar
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Alzheimer's disease (AD), a deleterious neurodegenerative disorder that impairs memory, cognitive functions and may lead to dementia in late stage of life. The pathogenic cause of AD remains incompletely understood and FDA approved drugs are partial inhibitors rather than curative. Most of drugs are synthetic or natural products as galanthamine is an alkaloid obtained from Galanthus spp. Huperzine A, an alkaloid found in Huperzia spp., gingkolides a diterpenoids from Gingko biloba and many ethnobotanicals like Withania somnifera (L...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243690/clinical-examination-record-keeping-part-2-history-taking
#10
A M Hadden
This article is the second part of a BDJ series of Practice papers on the subject of clinical examination and related record keeping. The series is taken from the Faculty of General Dental Practice UK (FGDP[UK]) 2016 Good Practice Guidelines book on this topic, edited by A. M. Hadden. This particular article discusses history taking, where information may be gathered prior to the patient seeing the clinician or, in some cases, this may be carried out chairside by the individual. The information gathered can include a medical history, socio-behavioural history, and patient anxiety levels...
December 15, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242180/development-and-usability-evaluation-of-an-art-and-narrative-based-knowledge-translation-tool-for-parents-with-a-child-with-pediatric-chronic-pain-multi-method-study
#11
Kathy Reid, Lisa Hartling, Samina Ali, Anne Le, Allison Norris, Shannon D Scott
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain in childhood is increasingly being recognized as a significant clinical problem for children and their families. Previous research has identified that families want information about the causes of their child's chronic pain, treatment options, and effective strategies to help their child cope with the pain. Unfortunately, parents have reported that finding this information can be challenging. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to actively work together with children attending a pediatric chronic pain clinic and their parents to develop, refine, and evaluate the usability of an art and narrative-based electronic book (e-book) for pediatric chronic pain...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241674/ethnomedicinal-plant-diversity-in-thailand
#12
Methee Phumthum, Kamonnate Srithi, Angkhana Inta, Auemporn Junsongduang, Kornkanok Tangjitman, Wittaya Pongamornkul, Chusie Trisonthi, Henrik Balslev
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Plants have provided medicine to humans for thousands of years, and in most parts of the world people still use traditional plant-derived medicine. Knowledge related to traditional use provides an important alternative to unavailable or expensive western medicine in many rural communities. At the same time, ethnomedicinal discoveries are valuable for the development of modern medicine. Unfortunately, globalization and urbanization causes the disappearance of much traditional medicinal plant knowledge...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241424/book-review-nanoparticles-and-the-immune-system-safety-and-effects-boraschi-diana-duschl-albert-eds-nanoparticles-and-the-immune-system-safety-and-effects-academic-press-cambridge-massachusetts-usa-2014-138-pp-49-95-paperback-isbn-9780124080850-49-95-ebook
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240738/outcome-of-acute-hospital-admission-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-what-is-the-role-of-mri
#14
Eric Ta Lim, Jean-Claude Theis
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a common worldwide condition, affecting most people during their lifetime. Various imaging modalities are being used to assist clinicians in diagnosing and thus, aid in formulating a suitable management plan. Extensive research has been carried out in assessing this condition due to its high prevalence, with many guidelines published internationally. AIM: To determine whether MRI imaging influences the management of patients admitted with acute, non-specific low back pain between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2015...
December 15, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224108/negative-impact-of-testosterone-deficiency-and-5%C3%AE-reductase-inhibitors-therapy-on-metabolic-and-sexual-function-in-men
#15
Abdulmaged M Traish
Androgens are steroid hormones with pleotropic and diverse biochemical and physiological functions, and androgen deficiency exerts a negative impact on human health. Testosterone (T) either directly or via its transformation into the more potent metabolite 5α-dihydrotestosterone (5α-DHT) or via aromatization into estradiol (E2) modulates important biochemical signaling pathways of human physiology and plays a critical role in the growth and/or maintenance of functions in a host of tissues and organs. T and 5α-DHT play an important role in regulating physiology of the muscle, adipose tissue, liver, bone, and central nervous system, as well as reproductive and sexual functions...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224096/origins-and-functions-of-the-ventrolateral-vmh-a-complex-neuronal-cluster-orchestrating-sex-differences-in-metabolism-and-behavior
#16
William C Krause, Holly A Ingraham
The neuroendocrine brain or hypothalamus has emerged as one of the most highly sexually dimorphic brain regions in mammals, and specifically in rodents. It is not surprising that hypothalamic nuclei play a pivotal role in controlling sex-dependent physiology. This brain region functions as a chief executive officer or master regulator of homeostatic physiological systems to integrate both external and internal signals. In this review, we describe sex differences in energy homeostasis that arise in one area of the hypothalamus, the ventrolateral subregion of the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMHvl) with a focus on how male and female neurons function in metabolic and behavioral aspects...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219135/waiting-time-of-inpatients-before-elective-surgical-procedures-at-a-state-government-teaching-hospital-in-india
#17
Shreyasi Ray, Jyotirmay Kirtania
BACKGROUND: Abundant published literature exists addressing the issues of outpatient waiting lists before surgery. However, there is no published literature on inpatient waiting time before elective surgical procedures. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to measure the inpatient waiting time, identify the factors that affect the inpatient waiting time, and recommend the ways of reducing the waiting time of inpatients before elective surgical procedures, at a state government teaching hospital in India...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218561/applications-of-sans-to-study-membrane-protein-systems
#18
Frank Gabel
Small angle neutron scattering (SANS) is a powerful tool to obtain structural information on solubilized membrane proteins on the nanometer length-scale in complement to other structural biology techniques such as cryo-EM, NMR and SAXS. In combination with deuteration of components and/or contrast variation (H2O:D2O exchange in the buffer) SANS allows to separate structural information from the protein and the detergent/lipid parts in solution. After a short historical overview on results obtained by SANS on membrane protein systems, this book chapter introduces the basic theoretical principles of the technique as well as requirements on samples...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213056/a-random-categorization-model-for-hierarchical-taxonomies
#19
Guido D'Amico, Raul Rabadan, Matthew Kleban
A taxonomy is a standardized framework to classify and organize items into categories. Hierarchical taxonomies are ubiquitous, ranging from the classification of organisms to the file system on a computer. Characterizing the typical distribution of items within taxonomic categories is an important question with applications in many disciplines. Ecologists have long sought to account for the patterns observed in species-abundance distributions (the number of individuals per species found in some sample), and computer scientists study the distribution of files per directory...
December 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211656/the-neural-basis-of-successful-word-reading-in-aphasia
#20
Sara B Pillay, William L Gross, William W Graves, Colin Humphries, Diane S Book, Jeffrey R Binder
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the neural basis of recovery from stroke is a major research goal. Many functional neuroimaging studies have identified changes in brain activity in people with aphasia, but it is unclear whether these changes truly support successful performance or merely reflect increased task difficulty. We addressed this problem by examining differences in brain activity associated with correct and incorrect responses on an overt reading task. On the basis of previous proposals that semantic retrieval can assist pronunciation of written words, we hypothesized that recruitment of semantic areas would be greater on successful trials...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
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