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Booking systems

Nadeem A Mughal, Eleanor R Atkins, Darren Morrow, Wissam Al-Jundi
BACKGROUND: M-learning is education using personal mobile electronic devices. Given the prevalence of these in society and amongst healthcare professionals, we aimed to assess their use and feasibility in improving the educational programme of a single vascular institution. METHODS: A weekly vascular departmental teaching programme was initiated with registrars giving 30-min presentations on a defined book chapter. Two multiple-choice questions (MCQ) per session were devised by a supervising consultant utilising the smartphone response system application, Polltogo...
March 15, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Denis Dumont, Maurine Houze, Paul Rambach, Thomas Salez, Sylvain Patinet, Pascal Damman
Granular chain packings exhibit a striking emergent strain-stiffening behavior despite the individual looseness of the constitutive chains. Using indentation experiments on such assemblies, we measure an exponential increase in the collective resistance force F with the indentation depth z and with the square root of the number N of beads per chain. These two observations are, respectively, reminiscent of the self-amplification of friction in a capstan or in interleaved books, as well as the physics of polymers...
February 23, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Courtney Rogers, Joy Johnson, Brianne Nueslein, David Edmunds, Rupa S Valdez
As chronic conditions are on the rise in the USA, management initiatives outside of the inpatient setting should be explored to reduce associated cost and access disparities. Chronic conditions disproportionately affect African American public housing residents due to the effects of historical marginalization on the manifestation of economic and social problems exacerbating health disparities and outcomes. Informed by participatory research action tenets, this study focused on identifying the challenges to management of chronic conditions and developing community-envisioned initiatives to address these challenges in a predominantly African American public housing community...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Katherine E Gallagher, Tusajigwe Erio, Kathy Baisley, Shelley Lees, Deborah Watson-Jones
BACKGROUND: The burden of cervical cancer and shortage of screening services in Tanzania confers an urgent need for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. However, the sustainability and impact of another new vaccine campaign in an under-resourced health system requires consideration. We aimed to determine the impact of the government's school-based HPV vaccine campaign in Kilimanjaro region on the provision of routine primary health services and staff workload. METHODS: Data on daily numbers of consultations were collected from health facility register books in 63 dispensaries and health centres in North-West Tanzania for 20 weeks in 2014...
March 12, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Patricia A Lohr, Jennifer E Starling, James G Scott, Abigail R A Aiken
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcomes with simultaneous administration of mifepristone and misoprostol for medical abortion at 63 days of gestation or less in the year after its implementation in a British clinic system. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using deidentified data from the electronic booking and complications databases and medical records of women who underwent medical abortion at British Pregnancy Advisory Service. Our primary outcome was treatment success with simultaneous dosing compared with a regimen with a 24- to 48-hour interval between medications...
March 8, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Robert Y Shih, Kelly K Koeller
Embryonal tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) are highly malignant undifferentiated or poorly differentiated tumors of neuroepithelial origin and have been defined as a category in the World Health Organization (WHO) classification since the first edition of the "Blue Book" in 1979. This category has evolved over time to reflect our ever-improving understanding of tumor biology and behavior. With the most recent update in 2016, many previous histologic diagnoses incorporate molecular parameters for the first time (genetically defined entities)...
March 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Canaan Aumua, Sanjeev Krishna, Udaya Samarakkody, Danny de Lore
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate whether racial disparities in healthcare exist within a New Zealand pediatric surgical outreach service in a high indigenous Māori population. METHODOLOGY: This retrospective study assessed all pediatric surgical procedures performed within a secondary center in New Zealand between May 2014 and May 2016. The days between the date of surgery booking on the waiting list and actual date of surgery were calculated and compared to their corresponding elective surgery waiting target times set by the New Zealand Ministry of Health (MoH)...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Asha Asher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
Cigdem Sahin
BACKGROUND: Mobile health provides significant advantages to healthcare. For its wide-scale adoption and successful integration to the current healthcare system, mHealth's unique characteristics and the factors influencing the development, implementation, and evaluation of its applications should be well-understood. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to review the essential characteristics of mHealth and discuss what mHealth brings to healthcare practice, research, and theory...
March 5, 2018: Contemporary Nurse
Shi-Man Gao, Jiu-Shi Liu, Min Wang, Ting-Ting Cao, Yao-Dong Qi, Ben-Gang Zhang, Xiao-Bo Sun, Hai-Tao Liu, Pei-Gen Xiao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Species of the genus Codonopsis are perennial herbs mainly distributed throughout East, Southeast and Central Asia. As recorded, they have been used as traditional Chinese medicines since the Qing Dynasty, where they were claimed for strengthening the spleen and tonifying the lung, as well as nourishing blood and engendering liquid. Some species are also used as food materials in southern China and Southeast Asia, such as tea, wine, soup, plaster, and porridge...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Farkhondeh Asadi, Somayeh Paydar
OBJECTIVE: Trauma is a major cause of 10% death in the worldwide and is considered as a global concern. This problem has made healthcare policy makers and managers to adopt a basic strategy in this context. Trauma registry has an important and basic role in decreasing the mortality and the disabilities due to injuries resulted from trauma. Today, different software are designed for trauma registry. Evaluation of this software improves management, increases efficiency and effectiveness of these systems...
April 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Iris Lucas, Michel Cotsaftis, Cyrille Bertelle
This paper introduces an original mathematical description for describing agents' decision-making process in the case of problems affected by both individual and collective behaviors in systems characterized by nonlinear, path dependent, and self-organizing interactions. An application to artificial financial markets is proposed by designing a multi-agent system based on the proposed formalization. In this application, agents' decision-making process is based on fuzzy logic rules and the price dynamics is purely deterministic according to the basic matching rules of a central order book...
February 2018: Chaos
Xin Li, Jin Wang, Richard Y K Fung
During the appointment booking process in out-patient departments, the level of patient satisfaction can be affected by whether or not their preferences can be met, including the choice of physicians and preferred time slot. In addition, because the appointments are sequential, considering future possible requests is also necessary for a successful appointment system. This paper proposes a Markov decision process model for optimizing the scheduling of sequential appointments with patient preferences. In contrast to existing models, the evaluation of a booking decision in this model focuses on the extent to which preferences are satisfied...
February 23, 2018: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
Howard Casey Cromwell
Presents an obituary for Jaak Panksepp, who died April 18, 2017. Panksepp reshaped the landscape of psychology by highlighting emotions and coincident feelings in basic and clinical research. Most of his career was spent convincing others that the key to understanding human mental illness was the understanding of primal emotional operating systems in conserved neural circuitry. His framework was carefully laid out in his book Affective Neuroscience: The Foundation of Human and Animal Emotions (1998). His controversial writings vigorously pushed for the acceptance of nonhuman animal feelings as primary states that link to motivated action and emotional expression...
February 2018: American Psychologist
Eberhard Lurz, Claudia Quammie, Michael Englesbe, Estella M Alonso, Henry C Lin, Evelyn K Hsu, Katryn N Furuya, Nitika A Gupta, Veena L Venkat, James F Daniel, Mike A Leonis, Tamir Miloh, Grzegorz W Telega, Jason Yap, Jerome Menendez, Linda S Book, Ryan W Himes, Shikha S Sundaram, Rulan Parekh, Chris Sonnenday, John Bucuvalas, Vicky L Ng, Binita M Kamath
OBJECTIVE: To assess frailty, a measure of physiologic declines in multiple organ systems, in children with chronic liver disease using a novel pediatric frailty tool. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a prospective cross-sectional multicenter study at 17 liver transplantation (LT) centers. 71 children (5-17 years of age), 36 with compensated chronic liver disease (CCLD) and 35 with end-stage liver disease (ESLD) and listed for LT, were assessed for frailty using validated pediatric tools to assess the 5 classic Fried Frailty Criteria-slowness, weakness, exhaustion, diminished physical activity, and shrinkage...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Dahai Yue, Petra W Rasmussen, Ninez A Ponce
OBJECTIVE: To assess racial/ethnic differential impacts of the ACA's Medicaid expansion on low-income, nonelderly adults' access to primary care. DATA SOURCES: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, State Physicians Workforce Data Book, and Bureau of Labor Statistics, in 2013 and 2015. STUDY DESIGN: Quasi-experimental design with difference-in-differences analyses. Outcomes included health insurance coverage, having personal doctor(s), being unable to see doctors because of cost, and receiving a flu shot...
February 22, 2018: Health Services Research
Katherine Culliney, Lesley M E McCowan, Karaponi Okesene-Gafa, Rinki Murphy, Janet Rowan, Rennae S Taylor, Christopher J D Mckinlay
BACKGROUND: In New Zealand, it is recommended that all pregnant women have a haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test performed with their booking antenatal bloods to identify previously unrecognised diabetes. However, screening rates in some groups are low. Use of a point-of-care device may improve compliance with screening. AIM: To assess the accuracy of the COBAS b101 point-of-care system referenced against a laboratory method, for measurement of HbA1c levels in pregnant women...
February 22, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Md Imdadul Haque, A B M Alauddin Chowdhury, Md Shahjahan, Md Golam Dostogir Harun
BACKGROUND: Traditional healing practice is an important and integral part of healthcare systems in almost all countries of the world. Very few studies have addressed the holistic scenario of traditional healing practices in Bangladesh, although these serve around 80% of the ailing people. This study explored distinctive forms of traditional healing practices in rural Bangladesh. METHODS: During July to October 2007, the study team conducted 64 unstructured interviews, and 18 key informant interviews with traditional healers and patients from Bhabanipur and Jobra, two adjacent villages in Chittagong district, Bangladesh...
February 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Laurent Bruxelles, Richard Maire, Amélie Beaudet, Raymond Couzens, Francis Duranthon, Jean-Baptiste Fourvel, Dominic Stratford, Francis Thackeray, José Braga
This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal ( This article has been retracted at the request of the co-Editors-in-Chief and the authors. The Results and Discussion of this article duplicate significant parts of book chapter "A revised stratigraphy of Kromdraai", published by L.B., R.M., R.C., F.T. and J.B. in Braga, J. and Thackeray, J.F. (Eds.), "Kromdraai. A Birthplace of Paranthropus in the Cradle of Humankind" (2016, SUN MeDIA MeTRO, pp...
January 2018: Journal of Human Evolution
Lorretta F Ntoimo, Friday E Okonofua, Rosemary N Ogu, Hadiza S Galadanci, Mohammed Gana, Ola N Okike, Kingsley N Agholor, Rukiyat A Abdus-Salam, Adetoye Durodola, Eghe Abe, Abdullahi J Randawa
Introduction: While reports from individual hospitals have helped to provide insights into the causes of maternal mortality in low-income countries, they are often limited for policymaking at national and subnational levels. This multisite study was designed to determine maternal mortality ratios (MMRs) and identify the risk factors for maternal deaths in referral health facilities in Nigeria. Methods: A pretested study protocol was used over a 6-month period (January 1-June 30, 2014) to obtain clinical data on pregnancies, births, and maternal deaths in eight referral hospitals across eight states and four geopolitical zones of Nigeria...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
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