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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224131/tashkeela-novel-corpus-of-arabic-vocalized-texts-data-for-auto-diacritization-systems
#1
Taha Zerrouki, Amar Balla
Arabic diacritics are often missed in Arabic scripts. This feature is a handicap for new learner to read َArabic, text to speech conversion systems, reading and semantic analysis of Arabic texts. The automatic diacritization systems are the best solution to handle this issue. But such automation needs resources as diactritized texts to train and evaluate such systems. In this paper, we describe our corpus of Arabic diacritized texts. This corpus is called Tashkeela. It can be used as a linguistic resource tool for natural language processing such as automatic diacritics systems, dis-ambiguity mechanism, features and data extraction...
April 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215293/neuronal-roles-of-the-bicaudal-d-family-of-motor-adaptors
#2
M Budzinska, K B Wicher, M Terenzio
All cell types rely on active intracellular cargo transport to shuttle essential cellular components such as proteins, lipids, RNA, and even organelles from the center to the periphery and vice versa. Additionally, several signaling pathways take advantage of intracellular transport to propagate their signals by moving activated receptors and protein effectors to specific locations inside the cell. Neurons particularly, being a very polarized cell type, are highly dependent on molecular motors for the anterograde and retrograde delivery of essential cellular components and signaling molecules...
2017: Vitamins and Hormones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210315/news
#3
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Rare diseases are defined by a limited prevalence of ≤5 cases per 10 000 individuals in Europe [1]. This definition includes around 8000 diseases, many of which are unknown not only to the public but also to the vast majority of healthcare professionals and text books. It is estimated that, as a whole, rare diseases affect around 25 to 30 million people in Europe. Most rare diseases are chronic and debilitating and appear in early childhood or young adulthood, accounting for a significant proportion of infant mortality and childhood/life-long disability...
December 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185137/reducing-non-attendance-rates-for-assessment-at-an-eating-disorders-service-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#4
Paul E Jenkins
Rates of non-attendance at initial appointments within community eating disorder (ED) services are frequently high, although this has received relatively little research attention and no reports of interventions designed to address this. The current report describes outcomes following a change of procedure introducing a 'partial booking' system. Attendance rates at first appointments (N = 1260) were audited following introduction of a system designed to reduce non-attendance in January 2013 within a UK ED service...
February 10, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181006/cyclic-dinucleotides-in-the-scope-of-the-mammalian-immune-system
#5
Arun K Mankan, Martina Müller, Gregor Witte, Veit Hornung
First discovered in prokaryotes and more recently in eukaryotes, cyclic dinucleotides (CDNs) constitute a unique branch of second messenger signaling systems. Within prokaryotes CDNs regulate a wide array of different biological processes, whereas in the vertebrate system CDN signaling is largely dedicated to activation of the innate immune system. In this book chapter we summarize the occurrence and signaling pathways of these small-molecule second messengers, most importantly in the scope of the mammalian immune system...
February 9, 2017: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167965/the-ten-group-robson-classification-a-single-centre-approach-identifying-strategies-to-optimise-caesarean-section-rates
#6
Keisuke Tanaka, Kassam Mahomed
Caesarean section (CS) rates have been increasing worldwide and have caused concerns. For meaningful comparisons to be made World Health Organization recommends the use of the Ten-Group Robson classification as the global standard for assessing CS rates. 2625 women who birthed over a 12-month period were analysed using this classification. Women with previous CS (group 5) comprised 10.9% of the overall 23.5% CS rate. Women with one previous CS who did not attempt VBAC contributed 5.3% of the overall 23.5% CS rate...
2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165795/book-reviews-problem-solving-in-older-cancer-patients-alistair-ring-danielle-harari-tania-kalsi-janine-mansi-peter-selby-clinical-publishing-2015-price-%C3%A2-39-95-pp-328-isbn-978-1-84692-110-0-universal-healthcare-without-the-nhs-towards-a-patient-centred-health
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150433/impaired-maternal-hemodynamics-in-morbidly-obese-women-a-case-control-study
#8
D Vinayagam, J Gutierrez, J Binder, E Mantovani, B Thilaganathan, A Khalil
AIM: Maternal obesity is associated with significant pregnancy complications and is a risk factor for the development of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy as well as other adverse outcomes. There are few data regarding the hemodynamic aberrations observed in maternal obesity. The aim of this study was to investigate maternal hemodynamics in morbidly obese pregnant women. METHODS: This was a prospective, case-control study of morbidly obese women (BMI >40 kg/m(2) ) and controls (BMI 20-29...
February 2, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150389/diagnostic-agreement-and-interobserver-concordance-with-teledermoscopy-referrals
#9
J Dahlén Gyllencreutz, J Paoli, M Bjellerup, Z Bucharbajeva, H Gonzalez, K Nielsen, C Sandberg, I Synnerstad, K Terstappen, A-M Wennberg Larkö
BACKGROUND: Malignant melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers are among the fastest increasing malignancies in many countries. With the help of new tools, such as teledermoscopy referrals between Primary Health Care and Dermatology clinics, the management of these patients could be made more efficient. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic agreement and interobserver concordance achieved when assessing referrals sent through a mobile teledermoscopic referral system as compared to referrals sent via the current paper-based system without images...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150215/pulmonary-delivery-of-magnetically-targeted-nano-in-microparticles
#10
Amber A McBride, Dominique N Price, Pavan Muttil
This chapter details the intratracheal delivery of dry powder microparticles termed nano-in-microparticles (NIMs) for the purpose of in vivo targeted pulmonary drug delivery. The dry powder NIMs technology improves on previous inhaled chemotherapy platforms designed as liquid formulations. Dry powder microparticles were created through the process of spray drying; a protocol detailing the formulation of NIMs dry powder is included as a separate chapter in this book. Dry powder NIMs containing fluorescent nanoparticles and magnetically-responsive superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles are intratracheally delivered (insufflated) in the presence of a magnetic field and targeted to the left lung of mice...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150197/preparation-and-characterization-of-magnetic-nano-in-microparticles-for-pulmonary-delivery
#11
Amber A McBride, Dominique N Price, Pavan Muttil
The purpose of this chapter is to detail the formulation and characterization of a magnetically-targeted drug delivery vehicle, termed nano-in-microparticles (NIMs), for pulmonary drug delivery. Currently, chemotherapeutics and antibiotics are delivered systemically and result in whole body side-effects. NIMs are formulated with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, termed SPIONs, making these particles targetable to specific lung regions using a strong external magnet. Additionally, these particles can be formulated to contain any drug or therapeutic agent, such that a therapeutic dose can be delivered to a specific tissue location using the SPIONs-magnet interaction...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146682/intuitive-cognition-and-models-of-human-automation-interaction
#12
Robert Earl Patterson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide an analysis of the implications of the dominance of intuitive cognition in human reasoning and decision making for conceptualizing models and taxonomies of human-automation interaction, focusing on the Parasuraman et al. model and taxonomy. BACKGROUND: Knowledge about how humans reason and make decisions, which has been shown to be largely intuitive, has implications for the design of future human-machine systems. METHOD: One hundred twenty articles and books cited in other works as well as those obtained from an Internet search were reviewed...
February 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146046/brazilian-specialists-perspectives-on-the-patient-referral-process
#13
Carmen Juliani, Maura MacPhee, Wilza Spiri
Since 1988, healthcare has been considered a citizen's right in Brazil. The Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), has undergone development and expansion to ensure universal health coverage for the Brazilian public, the world's fifth largest population. The coordination of effective communications between primary care physicians, specialists and patients is a significant challenge, particularly the referral process. Our study objective was to understand the facilitators and barriers associated with referral process communications between primary care physicians and regional university hospital specialists in the State of Sao Paulo...
January 29, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135583/validation-of-a-rapid-dna-process-with-the-rapidhit-%C3%A2-id-system-using-globalfiler-%C3%A2-express-chemistry-a-platform-optimized-for-decentralized-testing-environments
#14
Susana Salceda, Arnaldo Barican, Jacklyn Buscaino, Bruce Goldman, Jim Klevenberg, Melissa Kuhn, Dennis Lehto, Frank Lin, Phong Nguyen, Charles Park, Francesca Pearson, Rick Pittaro, Sayali Salodkar, Robert Schueren, Corey Smith, Charles Troup, Dean Tsou, Mattias Vangbo, Justus Wunderle, David King
The RapidHIT(®) ID is a fully automated sample-to-answer system for short tandem repeat (STR)-based human identification. The RapidHIT ID has been optimized for use in decentralized environments and processes presumed single source DNA samples, generating Combined DNA Index System (CODIS)-compatible DNA profiles in less than 90min. The system is easy to use, requiring less than one minute of hands-on time. Profiles are reviewed using centralized linking software, RapidLINK™ (IntegenX, Pleasanton, CA), a software tool designed to collate DNA profiles from single or multiple RapidHIT ID systems at different geographic locations...
January 12, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130954/lessons-learned-from-an-advanced-access-trial-within-a-canadian-armed-forces-primary-care-clinic
#15
P Tony Singh
Accessibility is a key element of an effective primary care system. Literature has outlined that primary care practices have successfully employed an advanced access scheduler to improve accessibility to booked appointments and consequently enhance patient experience and outcomes. In 2015, a Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) primary care facility in Ottawa trialed an advanced access scheduler. Based on the unique characteristics of a CAF medical clinic and the patient population, this trial produced six critical lessons, which include maintenance of a stable base of clinicians, correcting rostering mismatches, eliminating appointment backlogs, acquiring required information systems, improved understanding of patient demand and communicating changes effectively...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126876/books-the-dispensaries-healthcare-for-the-poor-before-the-nhs-britain-s-forgotten-health-care-system-dispensaries-an-alternative-to-general-practice
#16
George K Freeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120643/improving-the-antenatal-and-post-partum-management-of-women-presenting-to-sexual-health-services-with-positive-syphilis-serology-through-audit
#17
Christina H Munro, Ruth Henniker-Major, Virginia Homfray, Rita Browne
The incidence of congenital syphilis remains low in the UK, but the morbidity and mortality to babies born to women who are untreated for the condition make testing for the disease antenatally one of the most cost-effective screening programmes. Women attending North Middlesex Hospital, UK with a positive syphilis test at their antenatal booking visit are referred to St Ann's Sexual Health Clinic, London, for management and contact tracing. We were concerned that our initial audit revealed that a large proportion of women referred to our service never attended and recorded partner notification was poor...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116708/systems-biology-approach-in-hypertension-research
#18
Christian Delles, Holger Husi
Systems biology is an approach to study all genes, gene transcripts, proteins, metabolites, and their interactions in specific cells, tissues, organs, or the whole organism. It is based on data derived from high-throughput analytical technologies and bioinformatics tools to analyze these data, and aims to understand the whole system rather than individual aspects of it. Systems biology can be applied to virtually all conditions and diseases and therefore also to hypertension and its underlying vascular disorders...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112536/the-structure-and-function-of-the-central-nervous-system-and-sense-organs-in-the-canon-of-medicine-by-avicenna
#19
Pedzisai Mazengenya, Rashid Bhikha
Ibn Sina (1037 AD), also known as Avicenna in the West, is recognized as one of the forefathers of modern medicine. He was widely accepted as an influential and leading scientific figure of the medieval ages. His book the "Canon of Medicine" collected all aspects of medical knowledge available from ancient Greek and Muslim sources and also added his own. The medical information he collected ranged from basic medical sciences to applied and specialized medical fields.  In the current vignette, we present an analysis of the basic anatomy of the brain, spinal cord and some sense organs as presented in the Canon of medicine and compare their relevance in modern medical practice and human anatomy knowledge...
January 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104709/utility-of-social-media-and-crowd-sourced-data-for-pharmacovigilance-a-scoping-review-protocol
#20
Andrea C Tricco, Wasifa Zarin, Erin Lillie, Ba Pham, Sharon E Straus
INTRODUCTION: Adverse events associated with medications are under-reported in postmarketing surveillance systems. A systematic review of published data from 37 studies worldwide (including Canada) found the median under-reporting rate of adverse events to be 94% in spontaneous reporting systems. This scoping review aims to assess the utility of social media and crowd-sourced data to detect and monitor adverse events related to health products including pharmaceuticals, medical devices, biologics and natural health products...
January 19, 2017: BMJ Open
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