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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732307/a-multisite-audit-to-assess-how-women-with-complex-social-factors-access-and-engage-with-maternity-services
#1
Hannah Rayment-Jones, Eleanor Butler, Chelsie Miller, Christine Nay, Jennifer O'Dowd
OBJECTIVE: to audit women with socially complex lives' documented access to and engagement with antenatal care provided by three inner city, UK maternity services in relation to birth and neonatal outcomes, and referral processes. BACKGROUND: women living socially complex lives, including young mothers, recently arrived immigrants, non-English speaking, and those experiencing domestic violence, poor mental health, drug and alcohol abuse, and poverty experience high rates of morbidity, mortality and poor birth outcomes...
June 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730498/informatics-approaches-for-predicting-understanding-and-testing-cancer-drug-combinations
#2
Jing Tang
Making cancer treatment more effective is one of the grand challenges in our health care system. However, many drugs have entered clinical trials but so far showed limited efficacy or induced rapid development of resistance. We urgently need multi-targeted drug combinations, which shall selectively inhibit the cancer cells and block the emergence of drug resistance. The book chapter focuses on mathematical and computational tools to facilitate the discovery of the most promising drug combinations to improve efficacy and prevent resistance...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727069/system-dynamics-modeling-in-designing-breeding-schemes-the-case-of-menz-sheep-in-ethiopian-highlands
#3
K T Gebre, M Wurzinger, S Gizaw, A Haile, B Rischkowsky, T Getachew, J Sölkner
A comprehensive dynamic simulation model was developed to describe a community-based breeding program for the Menz sheep population of Ethiopia. Selection of male and female animals based on their own and maternal performance was simulated. The breeding goal traits were 6-mo weight, preweaning survival, and fertility rate. The model input data were obtained from the flock book, questionnaires, and references. The simulation model used a mix of deterministic and stochastic procedures to model the complex system...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722648/perspectives-on-the-pure-tone-audiogram
#4
REVIEW
Frank E Musiek, Jennifer Shinn, Gail D Chermak, Doris-Eva Bamiou
BACKGROUND: The pure-tone audiogram, though fundamental to audiology, presents limitations, especially in the case of central auditory involvement. Advances in auditory neuroscience underscore the considerably larger role of the central auditory nervous system (CANS) in hearing and related disorders. Given the availability of behavioral audiological tests and electrophysiological procedures that can provide better insights as to the function of the various components of the auditory system, this perspective piece reviews the limitations of the pure-tone audiogram and notes some of the advantages of other tests and procedures used in tandem with the pure-tone threshold measurement...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721643/the-scientific-self-reclaiming-its-place-in-the-history-of-research-ethics
#5
Herman Paul
How can the history of research ethics be expanded beyond the standard narrative of codification-a story that does not reach back beyond World War II-without becoming so broad as to lose all distinctiveness? This article proposes a history of research ethics focused on the "scientific self," that is, the role-specific identity of scientists as typically described in terms of skills, competencies, qualities, or dispositions. Drawing on three agenda-setting texts from nineteenth-century history, biology, and sociology, the article argues that the "revolutions" these books sought to unleash were, among other things, revolts against inherited conceptions of scientific selfhood...
July 18, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719062/immersive-virtual-reality-as-a-teaching-tool-for-neuroanatomy
#6
Katelyn Stepan, Joshua Zeiger, Stephanie Hanchuk, Anthony Del Signore, Raj Shrivastava, Satish Govindaraj, Alfred Iloreta
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) computer modeling and interactive virtual reality (VR) simulation are validated teaching techniques used throughout medical disciplines. Little objective data exists supporting its use in teaching clinical anatomy. Learner motivation is thought to limit the rate of utilization of such novel technologies. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness, satisfaction, and motivation associated with immersive VR simulation in teaching medical students neuroanatomy...
July 18, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711890/the-preexposure-prophylaxis-of-stomatological-diseases-among-the-population-of-ukraine-in-the-practice-of-the-family-doctor-and-the-pediatrician
#7
Natalia A Lyakhova, Svetlana S Kasinets
INTRODUCTION: The dental health is one of the direct measures indicators of the population's health, integrated indicator of the nation's health, its invigoration and preservation are the most important medical, social and economic problems. The aim to investigate the position and the role of a family doctor and a pediatrician in the preexposure prophylaxis orthodontic pathology among the population of Ukraine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The book-semantic analysis of the scientific literature; the content analysis - research of the regulatory and legal framework; the system analysis - analysis of the system of doctors' carrying preexposure prophylaxis of the stomatological diseases...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697871/patterns-of-antimicrobial-agent-prescription-in-a-sentinel-population-of-canine-and-feline-veterinary-practices-in-the-united-kingdom
#8
D A Singleton, F Sánchez-Vizcaíno, S Dawson, P H Jones, P J M Noble, G L Pinchbeck, N J Williams, A D Radford
Antimicrobial resistance is an increasingly important global health threat and the use of antimicrobial agents is a key risk factor in its development. This study describes antimicrobial agent prescription (AAP) patterns over a 2year period using electronic health records (EHRs) from booked consultations in a network of 457 sentinel veterinary premises in the United Kingdom. A semi-automated classification methodology was used to map practitioner defined product codes in 918,333 EHRs from 413,870 dogs and 352,730 EHRs from 200,541 cats, including 289,789 AAPs...
June 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694308/association-of-delay-of-urgent-or-emergency-surgery-with-mortality-and-use-of-health-care-resources-a-propensity-score-matched-observational-cohort-study
#9
Daniel I McIsaac, Karim Abdulla, Homer Yang, Sudhir Sundaresan, Paula Doering, Sandeep Green Vaswani, Kednapa Thavorn, Alan J Forster
BACKGROUND: Delay of surgery for hip fracture is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality, but the effects of surgical delays on mortality and resource use in the context of other emergency surgeries is poorly described. Our objective was to measure the independent association between delay of emergency surgery and in-hospital mortality, length of stay and costs. METHODS: We identified all adult patients who underwent emergency noncardiac surgery between January 2012 and October 2014 at a single tertiary care centre...
July 10, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693400/formulating-autism-systemically-part-2-a-12-year-prospective-case-study
#10
Nicky Brewerton, Katrina Robson, Patricia M Crittenden
This prospective case study illustrates the ideas on the developmental origins of some cases of autism that were described in Part 1 of this article. We explored and found support for several systemic hypotheses regarding the experience of 'Graeme' and his mother. Graeme's story is told prospectively from the age of 3 until 15. Three independent sources of information are reported: hypotheses from the literature and case review in Part 1 of this article, the school's experience, and observations from the assessments of attachment when Graeme was turning 6...
July 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690447/the-missing-manuscript-of-dr-jose-delgado-s-radio-controlled-bulls
#11
REVIEW
Timothy C Marzullo
Neuroscience systems level courses teach: 1) the role of neuroanatomical structures of the brain for perception, movement, and cognition; 2) methods to manipulate and study the brain including lesions, electrophysiological recordings, microstimulation, optogenetics, and pharmacology; 3) proper interpretation of behavioral data to deduce brain circuit operation; and 4) the similarities, differences, and ethics of animal models and their relation to human physiology. These four topics come together quite dramatically in Dr...
2017: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687514/management-and-control-of-microbiologically-influenced-corrosion-mic-in-the-oil-and-gas-industry-overview-and-a-north-sea-case-study
#12
Torben Lund Skovhus, Richard B Eckert, Edgar Rodrigues
Microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) is the terminology applied where the actions of microorganisms influence the corrosion process. In literature, terms such as microbial corrosion, biocorrosion, microbially influenced/induced corrosion, and biodegradation are often applied. MIC research in the oil and gas industry has seen a revolution over the past decade, with the introduction of molecular microbiological methods: (MMM) as well as new industry standards and procedures of sampling biofilm and corrosion products from the process system...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685046/comprehensive-review-of-the-evidence-regarding-the-effectiveness-of-community-based-primary-health-care-in-improving-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-8-summary-and-recommendations-of-the-expert-panel
#13
Robert E Black, Carl E Taylor, Shobha Arole, Abhay Bang, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, A Mushtaque R Chowdhury, Betty R Kirkwood, Nazo Kureshy, Claudio F Lanata, James F Phillips, Mary Taylor, Cesar G Victora, Zonghan Zhu, Henry B Perry
BACKGROUND: The contributions that community-based primary health care (CBPHC) and engaging with communities as valued partners can make to the improvement of maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH) is not widely appreciated. This unfortunate reality is one of the reasons why so few priority countries failed to achieve the health-related Millennium Development Goals by 2015. This article provides a summary of a series of articles about the effectiveness of CBPHC in improving MNCH and offers recommendations from an Expert Panel for strengthening CBPHC that were formulated in 2008 and have been updated on the basis of more recent evidence...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685044/comprehensive-review-of-the-evidence-regarding-the-effectiveness-of-community-based-primary-health-care-in-improving-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-6-strategies-used-by-effective-projects
#14
Henry B Perry, Emma Sacks, Meike Schleiff, Richard Kumapley, Sundeep Gupta, Bahie M Rassekh, Paul A Freeman
BACKGROUND: As part of our review of the evidence of the effectiveness of community-based primary health care (CBPHC) in improving maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH), we summarize here the common delivery strategies of projects, programs and field research studies (collectively referred to as projects) that have demonstrated effectiveness in improving child mortality. Other articles in this series address specifically the effects of CBPHC on improving MNCH, while this paper explores the specific strategies used...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681229/late-reconstruction-of-severe-open-book-deformities-of-the-pelvis-tips-and-tricks
#15
Christian Fang, Hatem Alabdulrahman, Roman Pfeifer, Ivan S Tarkin, Hans-Christoph Pape
BACKGROUND: The primary goal of treatment for open book pelvic injuries after high-energy trauma is to control haemorrhage and to close the pelvic ring anatomically. Less commonly, patients may present late with malunion or non-union. METHODS: We reviewed five operatively treated patients with delayed severe open book deformities who had a diastasis of more than 6 cm. We describe the pre-operative workup, surgical strategy and challenges experienced. They specifically include: extensive scar and contracture formation, malunion, urogenital prolapse and difficult reduction of vertical shear element...
July 5, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678527/oolong-tea-a-critical-review-of-processing-methods-chemical-composition-health-effects-and-risk
#16
Kwan-Wai Ng, Zi-Jun Cao, Hu-Biao Chen, Zhong-Zhen Zhao, Lin Zhu, Tao Yi
Oolong tea (OT) is a traditional Chinese tea (Camellia sinensis) and is especially popular in south China. This review is to comprehensively summarize the miscellaneous research that has been done towards to the processing, phytochemistry, health benefit, and risk of OT. These literatures were carried out not only from different electronic databases but also from text books written in English, Japanese and Chinese, including those traditional records tracing back to the Tang Dynasty (A.D. 618-907). The full process OT producing is depicted below in this review...
July 5, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673563/the-role-of-oligomenorrhea-in-melasma
#17
Marjan Mahjour, Arash Khoushabi, Zohre Feyzabadi
Melasma is a facial hyperpigmentation in the upper lips, cheeks, forehead and chin. It is mostly seen in women. Melasma treatments include topical methods that are not only costly, but also temporary. Melasma recurs shortly after cessation of the treatment. Considering the relationship between melasma and elevated estrogen levels in patients with oligomenorrhea, systemic anti-estrogen therapies are not used for melasma. In this study, by searching in the scientific databases such as Scopus, Pubmed and the authentic books of traditional medicine such as the Canon of medicine, melasma treatment was evaluated based on oligomenorrhea systemic therapy...
July 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672208/design-of-waste-stabilization-pond-systems-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Long T Ho, Wout Van Echelpoel, Peter L M Goethals
A better design instruction for waste stabilization ponds is needed due to their growing application for wastewater purification, increasingly strict environmental regulations, and the fact that most of previous design manuals are outdated. To critically review model-based designs of typical pond treatment systems, this paper analyzed more than 150 articles, books, and reports from 1956 to 2016. The models developed in these publications ranged from simple rules and equations to more complex first-order and mechanistic models...
June 26, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646808/traditional-uyghur-medicine-concepts-historical-perspective-and-modernization
#19
Adelijang Wusiman, Saifuding Abula, Mikeremu Shayibuzhati, Xiaoying Zhang
Context • Traditional Uyghur medicine (TUM) is rooted in ancient Uyghur medical theory that was developed with the combined essence of different traditional medicines, such as Han Chinese, Egyptian, ancient Greek, Arabian, Persian, and Indian medicines. Modern experimental methods and technologies for disease diagnoses have accelerated the modernization of Uyghur medicine. Objective • The research team intended to compile a comprehensive introduction to TUM and to determine the current state of research in the field to establish a basis for future modernization of Uygur medicine...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641502/ordering-theories-typologies-and-conceptual-frameworks-for-sociotechnical-change
#20
Benjamin K Sovacool, David J Hess
What theories or concepts are most useful at explaining socio technical change? How can - or cannot - these be integrated? To provide an answer, this study presents the results from 35 semi-structured research interviews with social science experts who also shared more than two hundred articles, reports and books on the topic of the acceptance, adoption, use, or diffusion of technology. This material led to the identification of 96 theories and conceptual approaches spanning 22 identified disciplines. The article begins by explaining its research terms and methods before honing in on a combination of fourteen theories deemed most relevant and useful by the material...
June 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
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