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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727803/synchronous-double-primary-cancers-of-the-extrahepatic-bile-duct-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Takeshi Nishi, Yoshitoshi Sato, Takuya Hanaoka, Takuya Takahashi, Hiroshi Miura, Kenji Takubo
BACKGROUND: Double cancers of the biliary tract system are rare. Most of these cancers are synchronous double cancers of the gall bladder and bile duct, associated with pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM). Synchronous double cancers of the extrahepatic bile duct without PBM are especially rare, and only 4 cases have been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 78-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for examination of hyperbilirubinemia and liver dysfunction. Contrast-enhanced abdominal computed tomography, Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography revealed 2 stenotic regions in the common bile duct: at its junction with the cystic duct and in the distal bile duct...
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705976/feasibility-study-of-postoperative-adjuvant-chemotherapy-with-s-1-in-patients-with-biliary-tract-cancer
#2
Kohei Nakachi, Masaru Konishi, Masafumi Ikeda, Kazuaki Shimada, Takuji Okusaka, Akio Saiura, Hiroshi Ishii, Masanori Sugiyama, Junji Furuse, Hirohiko Sakamoto, Tomotaka Shimamura, Takehiro Ohta
BACKGROUND: The role of adjuvant chemotherapy has not yet been established for patients with resected biliary tract cancer. S-1 has been shown to exert activity against advanced biliary tract cancer. Therefore, we evaluated the feasibility of adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 in patients with resected biliary tract cancer. METHODS: Patients with complete macroscopic resection of intrahepatic/extrahepatic bile duct, gall bladder, or ampullary cancer were eligible. S-1 was administered orally twice daily for 4 weeks every 6 weeks, up to 4 cycles...
April 28, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650819/-a-case-report-of-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-in-the-gall-bladder-showing-recurrence-shortly-after-surgery
#3
Yoshihiro Uchino, Sonofu Taketani, Nobuhisa Hirayu, Koji Shiota, Hironobu Sou, Satoshi Taniwaki, Tetsuo Imamura
A55 -year-old woman with a 10×8mm protuberant gallbladder lesion visited our hospital. To determine possible malignancy, she underwent laparoscopic excision biopsy of the gallbladder, and pathological findings revealed an endocrine carcinoma in the gallbladder. Surgery involved extrahepatic bile duct resection, gallbladder bed resection, and hepatic portal lymph node resection. Recurrence in the peritoneal lymph node was observed in the early postoperative period. Chemotherapy was initiated with cisplatin and irinotecan, and continues 18 months post-operatively...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643654/role-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-in-adrenal-lesions-analysis-of-32-patients
#4
Rakesh K Gupta, Kaushik Majumdar, Ravindra K Saran, Siddharth Srivastava, Puja Sakhuja, Vineeta V Batra
Objective: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology (EUS-FNAC) is a precise and safe technique that provides both radiological and pathological diagnosis with a better diagnostic yield and minimal adverse events. EUS-FNAC led to the remarkable increase in the detection rate of incidentaloma found during radiologic staging or follow-up in various malignancy or unrelated conditions. Aims: We did this preliminary study with an aim to evaluate the role of EUS-FNA in diagnosing and classifying adrenal lesions, clinical impact, and compare the outcome with the previously published literature...
April 2018: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624571/frequency-and-characteristics-of-gallbladder-cancer-at-a-referral-hospital-in-southern-peru-2009-2014-a-descriptive-study
#5
Tessy Tairo-Cerron, Richar Paredes-Orue, Oscar Moreno-Loaiza
INTRODUCTION: Gallbladder cancer is a rare neoplasm, its frequency is variable in the regions of Peru. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and describe the clinical characteristics of gallbladder cancer in southern Peru. METHODS: The reports of the anatomopathological department of the Honorio Delgado Regional Hospital were selected from all samples of cholecystectomies performed between 2009 and 2014 and those that had some result compatible with gallbladder cancer were looked for...
March 26, 2018: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541144/retracted-psorinum-therapy-in-treating-stomach-gall-bladder-pancreatic-and-liver-cancers-a-prospective-clinical-study
#6
Evidence-Based Complementary And Alternative Medicine
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1155/2011/724743.].
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527009/phase-ii-study-of-everolimus-rad001-monotherapy-as-first-line-treatment-in-advanced-biliary-tract-cancer-with-biomarker-exploration-the-radichol-study
#7
David K Lau, Rebecca Y Tay, Yvonne H Yeung, Fiona Chionh, Jennifer Mooi, Carmel Murone, Effie Skrinos, Timothy J Price, John M Mariadason, Niall C Tebbutt
BACKGROUND: Advanced biliary tract cancers (BTCs) have a poor prognosis and limited treatment options. This exploratory phase II study aimed to evaluate the activity of the mTOR inhibitor everolimus in advanced BTC and explore prognostic biomarkers. METHODS: Patients with advanced BTCs, who had not received chemotherapy for advanced disease, were enroled to receive everolimus (10 mg daily). The primary endpoint was disease control rate (DCR) at 12 weeks. Secondary endpoints included overall response rate, progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and adverse events...
April 2018: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503819/granulin-secreted-by-the-food-borne-liver-fluke-opisthorchis-viverrini-promotes-angiogenesis-in-human-endothelial-cells
#8
Brandon Haugen, Shannon E Karinshak, Victoria H Mann, Anastas Popratiloff, Alex Loukas, Paul J Brindley, Michael J Smout
The liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini is a food-borne, zoonotic pathogen endemic to Thailand and adjacent countries in Southeast Asia. The adult developmental stage of the O. viverrini parasite excretes and secretes numerous proteins within the biliary tract including the gall bladder. Lesions caused by the feeding activities of the liver fluke represent wounds that undergo protracted cycles of healing and re-injury during chronic infection, which can last for decades. Components of the excretory/secretory (ES) complement released by the worms capably drive proliferation of bile duct epithelial cells and are implicated in establishing the oncogenic milieu that leads to bile duct cancer, cholangiocarcinoma...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456561/evaluation-of-observed-and-the-expected-incidence-of-common-cancers-an-experience-from-southwestern-of-iran-2010-2014
#9
Ali Ahmadi, Fatemeh Salehi
Background: Awareness of observed and expected incidence of cancers is so important in managing cancer as the third mortality cause in Iran. In the present study, we evaluated observed and the expected incidence of common cancers in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. Materials and Methods: This study is a Secondary data analysis. All data about pathology-based cancer registration (Cancer diagnosis was based on pathological laboratory, ICD-O2) in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari in Southwestern Iran in 2010-2014 was used...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454148/-68-ga-ga-galmydar-biodistribution-and-radiation-dosimetry-studies-in-rodents
#10
Jothilingam Sivapackiam, Richard Laforest, Vijay Sharma
INTRODUCTION: 68 Ga[Ga]-Galmydar is an avid transport substrate of ABCB1 (P-Glycoprotein; 170kDa plasma membrane protein), breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP; ABCG2; 72kDa), penetrates human epidermal carcinoma (KB3-1), breast cancer (MCF7), embryonic kidney (HEK 293) tumor cells and rat cardiomyoblasts, and localizes within the mitochondria of tumor and myocardium cells. 68 Ga[Ga]-Galmydar excretes from blood pool quickly, and shows stable retention within rat myocardium in vivo for extended periods, therefore, the agent shows potential to enable myocardial perfusion imaging...
April 2018: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435905/neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-gallbladder-a-step-beyond-palliative-therapy-experience-of-25-cases
#11
Amol Vijay Kanetkar, Shraddha Patkar, Krunal Harischandra Khobragade, Vikas Ostwal, Anant Ramaswamy, Mahesh Goel
PURPOSE: Published literature on gall bladder neuroendocrine tumors (GB NETs) is limited with none reporting the role of multimodal therapy. METHODS: Patients with histologically confirmed GB NETs treated at Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, from January 2010 to June 2017 were analyzed. Staging was done by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) of abdomen and chest or a positron emission topography (PET) scan. Tumor marker (CA19-9) was measured. WHO-2017 guideline was used to classify GB NETs...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394711/-a-case-report-of-long-term-survival-after-excision-for-needle-tract-implantation-of-biopsy-and-hepatectomy-for-cholangiocarcinoma-with-gall-bladder-hemorrhage
#12
Kotaro Miyazawa, Shigeru Yoshioka, Masayuki Shiobara, Kazuo Wakatsuki, Syuka Arai, Kosuke Suda, Toshiaki Aida, Tetsutaro Miyoshi, Hirofumi Saito, Kazuto Yamazaki
A 77-year-old men with abdominal pain suffered from gall bladder hemorrhage and liver abcess was admitted for intensive care of severe acute cholangitis. He had hemobilia which was treated by the endoscopic retrograde bile duct drainage. After 2 months treatment with rest for purulent myelitis, he had neoplastic change of liver abcess diagnosed as intrahepatic bile duct cancer by percutaneous core needle biopsy. He underwent surgery as central bisegmentectomy and left the hospital at home 3 months later after rehabilitation for surgical site infection...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394646/-two-cases-of-non-occlusive-mesenteric-ischemia-that-developed-after-chemotherapy
#13
Takahiro Wada, Kenji Katsumata, Hiroshi Kuwahara, Takaaki Matsudo, Yusuke Murakoshi, Masatoshi Shigoka, Masanobu Enomoto, Tetsuo Ishizaki, Kazuhiko Kasuya, Akihiko Tsuchida
Non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia(NOMI)causes intestinal necrosis due to irreversible ischemia of the intestinal tract despite the absence of organic obstruction in the mesenteric blood vessels. The disease has extremely poor prognosis. We encountered 2 cases of NOMI hypothesized to have developed after chemotherapy; thus, we report these cases considering the available literature. Case 1: A7 9-year-old man. The patient complained of abdominal pain during the first week after introducing docetaxel for local recurrence of prostate cancer...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376201/diagnostic-value-of-circulating-free-dna-integrity-and-global-methylation-status-in-gall-bladder-carcinoma
#14
Swati Kumari, Nuzhat Husain, Akash Agarwal, Azfar Neyaz, Sameer Gupta, Arun Chaturvedi, Mohtashim Lohani, Abhinav Arun Sonkar
The current study investigates the role of circulating free DNA (cfDNA) as a liquid biopsy in diagnosis gall bladder carcinoma (GBC) utilizing levels of long DNA fragments (ALU247) derived from tumor necrosis, short apoptotic fragments (ALU115) denoting total cfDNA and cfDNA integrity denoting ratio of ALU247 and ALU115. The global methylation status of cfDNA was also estimated with the hypothesis that these parameters provide a diagnostic distinction between cancer and non-cancer subjects, with higher or altered values favoring presence of malignancy...
January 28, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372567/review-article-the-physiological-effects-and-safety-of-peppermint-oil-and-its-efficacy-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-other-functional-disorders
#15
REVIEW
B P Chumpitazi, G L Kearns, R J Shulman
BACKGROUND: Peppermint oil has been used for centuries as a treatment for gastrointestinal ailments. It has been shown to have several effects on gastrointestinal physiology relevant to clinical care and management. AIM: To review the literature on peppermint oil regarding its metabolism, effects on gastrointestinal physiology, clinical use and efficacy, and safety. METHODS: We performed a PubMed literature search using the following terms individually or in combination: peppermint, peppermint oil, pharmacokinetics, menthol, oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, gallbladder, colon, transit, dyspepsia, nausea, abdominal pain, and irritable bowel syndrome...
March 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362846/roles-of-pyruvate-carboxylase-in-human-diseases-from-diabetes-to-cancers-and-infection
#16
REVIEW
Udom Lao-On, Paul V Attwood, Sarawut Jitrapakdee
Pyruvate carboxylase (PC), an anaplerotic enzyme, plays an essential role in various cellular metabolic pathways including gluconeogenesis, de novo fatty acid synthesis, amino acid synthesis, and glucose-induced insulin secretion. Deregulation of PC expression or activity has long been known to be associated with metabolic syndrome in several rodent models. Accumulating data in the past decade clearly showed that deregulation of PC expression is associated with type 2 diabetes in humans, while targeted inhibition of PC expression in a mouse model reduced adiposity and improved insulin sensitivity in diet-induced type 2 diabetes...
April 2018: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300814/body-mass-index-and-20-specific-cancers-re-analyses-of-dose-response-meta-analyses-of-observational-studies
#17
E K Choi, H B Park, K H Lee, J H Park, M Eisenhut, H J van der Vliet, G Kim, J I Shin
Background: Objectives were to provide an overview and understand the strength of evidence and extent of potential biases and validity of claimed associations between body mass index (BMI) and risk of developing cancer. Methods: We carried out an umbrella review and comprehensively re-analyzed the data of dose-response meta-analyses on associations between BMI and risk of 20 specific cancers (bladder, brain, breast, colonic, rectal, endometrial, gallbladder, gastric, leukemia, liver, lung, melanoma, multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkins lymphoma, esophagus, ovarian, pancreatic, prostate, renal, thyroid) by adding big data or missed individual studies...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261638/orbital-metastasis-rare-initial-presentation-of-an-occult-gall-bladder-carcinoma
#18
Tarun Kumar Jain, Ashwin Singh Parihar, Ashwani Sood, Rajender Kumar Basher, Neeraja Bollampally, Amit Singh Shekhawat, Bhagwant Rai Mittal
Orbital metastases are known to arise from primary breast carcinoma followed by prostate, malignant melanoma, and lung carcinoma. We report a case of orbital metastasis as the initial presentation of an occult primary gall bladder carcinoma. The FDG PET/CT helped in localizing the occult distant primary site, which previously escaped detection, and also enabled the evaluation of orbital metastasis.
March 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203990/squamous-cell-and-adenosquamous-carcinoma-of-gall-bladder-a-clinicopathological-study-of-8-cases-isolated-in-94-cancers
#19
Hanni Vasudev Gulwani, Suneeta Gupta, Sukhpreet Kaur
Adenosquamous/squamous cell carcinoma (AS/SCC) of the gall bladder is a rare histopathologic subtype that accounts for 1 to 12% of all the gall bladder carcinomas (GBC). Literature on these malignancies is limited. A retrospective analysis of 8 cases (study group) of pathologically proven AS/SCC of the gallbladder among 94 patients who underwent surgery for GBC from January 2001 to December 2014 was done. Twenty-four conventional gall bladder adenocarcinoma cases were selected as control group after matching for age and gender...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197189/incidental-gallbladder-cancer-at-cholecystectomy
#20
Faik Tatli, Abdullah Ozgönül, Yusuf Yucel, Hüseyin Cahit Yalcin, Resit Ciftci, Mehmet Gümer, Firat Erkmen, Rabia Altuntas, Ali Uzunkoy
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder tumours rank fifth in the world among gastrointestinal system tumours. Coincidental gallbladder tumours are diagnosed during cholecystectomies, or by examining the cholecystectomy material. AIMS: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the incidence of gallbladder cancer among patients undergoing cholecystectomies due to gallbladder disease. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study METHODS: The files of 341 patients who had undergone routine cholecystectomy operations between January 2013 and March 2016 were reviewed, and their pathology results were recorded...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
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